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THE UNIVERSITY 
OF ILLINOIS 
LIBRARY 

537.05" 
IB El 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2014 



https://archive.org/details/illinoisbellmaga1719illi 



BELL TELEPHONE NEWS 




Vol. 7, No. 1. 



AUGUST, 1917 



Our Front Cover 



To the members of the Bell Sys- 
tem who have been summoned to the 
colors and to their comrades of the 
National Army, this appreciation is 
extended. 

The Bell System has given of its 
wealth of splendid material men who 
are now in the Regular Army, the 
National Guard, the Signal Corps, 
the Engineers and Quartermasters 
Corps. Now it has made its contri- 
bution to the great National Army, 
whose hosts are to battle for human 
liberty in the final fight against brut- 
ish autocracy and its slavish adher- 
ents. 

Upon the roster of the National 
Army appear the names of those 
whose forefathers fought in the 
American Revolution, the war be- 
tween the States and the war that 
swept the Spanish autocracy from 
the Western Hemisphere. Joined 
with these are the names of those 
whose forefathers participated in 
the French Revolution, the ravish- 
ment of Poland, and on every battle- 
field of Europe from Scandinavia to 
Greece and from Waterloo even to 
far Cathay. Brave descendants of 
brave men, they are now coming for- 
ward to defend and protect the prin- 
ciples for which America stands, 
Freedom and Equality. 

Men of the National Army, you 
are to follow where have trod the 
noble men whose names are revered 
throughout the world as the cham- 
pions of liberty; men who hewed 
from the primeval forests and built 
upon the boundless plains of the 
New World a City of Refuge for the 
downtrodden and the oppressed. 



You are to follow in the footsteps 
of dauntless men who, whether from 
the North or the South, whether de- 
scended from the Puritan or the 
Cavalier — dauntless men who dared 
to face death in defense of princi- 
ple and to whom conviction spelled 
courage, endurance and fortitude for 
honor's sake, let the final outcome 
be victory or defeat. 

And you are immediately to follow 
and support our Regulars, as brave, 
as valorous, as irresistible a force as 
ever set out in a holy cause. You 
are to stand side by side with the 
gallant fellows who love to march 
to the rendezvous beneath the stand- 
ards of their beloved states and 
there to mass their standards about 
the Flag of the Union, the emblem 
of a united country and a united 
cause. 

United and valiant sons of an 
unbeaten and unbeatable nation, you 
will carry to the ends of the earth 
if need be, the sword that shall not 
be sheathed until arrogant and brutal 
autocrats and tyrants with their 
fiendish and hideous practices have 
been swept into the dust heap of 
world rubbish. 

Shoulder to shoulder with, guided 
and steadied by your brothers in 
arms, the Regulars and the Guards- 
men, your compelling numbers, your 
brilliant initiative, your irrepressible 
enthusiasm and your indomitable 
courage constitute you the invincible 
National Army, defenders of the 
right, whose pillar of cloud by day 
and pillar of fire by night shall ever 
be OLD GLORY. 



hi 



it- 

RULES FOR CONDUCT OF CORRESPONDENCE BY MAIL AND 
TELEGRAPH BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND 
THE AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES 



THE War Department authorizes the following: 
Instructions covering the conduct of personal corre- 
spondence by mail or telegraph between the United 
States and American military forces in Europe are 
now being prepared in the form of a bulletin by the War 
Department, soon to be published. 

In substance the rules to be followed are as follows : 

Mail addressed to members of the expeditionary forces should 
bear the complete designation of the division, regiment, com- 
pany, or other organization to which the addressee belongs. 

In the upper left-hand corner of a letter should be placed the 
usual form of return request and the name and address of the 
sender. 

Station of Units Barred 

Under no circumstances will the location or station of a mili- 
tary organization be included in the address on a letter for a 
person or organization in Europe. 

Postage should be fully prepaid. The rate on letter mail to 
our military forces in France is 2 cents the ounce or fraction 
thereof. Newspaper mail is carried for 1 cent for 4 ounces. 

Letters, post cards and printed matter originating in the 
United States or any of its possessions for transmission to the 
linked States expeditionary forces in Europe are subject to 
the United States domestic classification, conditions and rates 
of postage. 

No other than United States postage stamps are available for 
the prepayment of postage. 

How to Address Letter 

The correct manner of addressing a letter is as follows: 



Money and valuables will not be accepted for transmission by 
registered mail. Important papers which can be duplicated if 
lost may be accepted for registration, but indemnity will not be 
paid for lost registered mail. Postal money orders should be 
used. 

There is no provision at present for parcel post service be- 
tween our forces in Europe and the United States or its pos- 
sessions. 

How to Send Cablegrams 

Private telegrams to be cabled to members of the American 
expeditionary force in Europe will be addressed "Amexforce, 
London," with the addressee's name and the official designation 
of the unit to which he belongs appearing as the first words of 
the text. When so addressed they will reach an official who 
knows the location of the various American units and who will 
forward the message by mail to the proper destination. 

Under no circumstances will the location or station of a unit 
be designated in the address or body of a telegram : 

Examples are given as follows : 

A telegram to Capt. John B. Jones, Medical Corps, United 
States Army Base Hospital No. 10, American Expeditionary 
Forces, would be in the following form : 

Amexforce, London. 

John B. Jones, Base Hospital Number 10. 



Have followed your instructions. 



Mary Jones. 



Or, for Pvt. H. K. Smith, Company K, Forty-seventh United 
States Infantry: 



Return to 
Mrs. John Smith, 

Blank Street, 

New York City. 



(STAMP) 



Amexforce, London. 

H. K. Smith, Co. K, Forty-seventh U. S. Infantry. 



John Smith, Jr., 

Co. X, Infantry, 

American Expeditionary Forces. 

Mail for American military personnel in Europe will not be 
forwarded in care of the adjutant general of the army as a 
general rule. This may be done, however, in cases where the 
writer does not know that the addressee has actually embarked. 

Letters Written by Soldiers 

Mail addressed to persons in the United States or any of its 
possessions will be addressed in the usual way, but nothing will 
be written in or on a letter to indicate the place or station of 
the writer, or any person or organization of our own forces or 
those of our allies. 

The United States mail service established in France is pre- 
pared to sell postage stamps, post cards, etc., to our military 
forces. In cases where the soldier may be unable to purchase 
stamps to prepav postage the letter may be indorsed by the 
proper officer and forwarded to its destination, where the single 
rate of postage will be collected on delivery. This is provided 
for in the postal regulations. 

Mail from Europe may bear the name and organization of 
the sender in the upper left-hand corner. It is subject to domes- 
tic rates and to the use of United States postage. 

Money Orders Payable 

Money orders payable at the United States postal agency or 
its branches in Europe will be sold to purchasers in the United 
States or its possessions, and money orders payable in the 
United States or its possessions will be sold to purchasers at 
the agency or its branches in Europe, under regulations pro- 
vided by the Post Office Department at domestic rates. 



Will not change address. 



Jane Smith. 



Messages in Plain Language 

To comply with European censorship regulations all messages 
must be written in plain language (English or French) or in an 
international code, and must be intelligible to the censors. The 
use of two codes or two languages or of combinations of code 
and plain language in the same message is forbidden. Tele- 
gnims without text or with but one plain language text word 
are not admitted. Code language may be used only in full-rate 
messages. 

Codes authorized by the British censorship are: A. B. C. 
5th 1 Scott's 10th; Western Union; Lieber's; Bentley s Com- 
plete Phrase Code (not including the oil and mineral supple- 
ments) • Broomhall's Imperial Combination Code; Broomhall s 
Imperial Combination Code, Rubber Edition; Myers Atlantic 
Cotton Code, 39th Edition; Riverside Code, 5th Edition. 
Code Messages 

In case of a code message the name of the code must be 
designated when the message is filed. It is pointed out that 
it is useless to make use of codes unless the person to whom 
the message is addressed is stationed in a city where he may 
have access to a code book. 

The War Department is considering the feasibility of author- 
izing the use of the Army and Navy Code, which has been in 
use for trans-Pacific messages, in addition to the nine codes 
mentioned. 

Every telegraph message must be signed. The surname alone 
may be used, but such a signature as "John," "Mary, Mother, 
etc., will not be passed. 

Attention is called to the fact that there are three classes of 
service available— full rate, deferred rate, and week-end rate. 

It is the intention of the War Department to detail an officer 
specially to care for army mail matters. 



Supplement to DELL TELEPHONE NEWS, August, 1917. 



493664 



BELL' TELEPHONE' NEWS 



ONE POLICY 


UNIVERSAL. SERVICE 


ONE SYSTEM 


Volume 7 


CHICAGO, ILL., AUGUST, J9J7 


Number I 



The Month in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois 



News Notes and Personal Items of Interest 



Ohio Division 

J. H. Kirby, Correspondent, 
Columbus 



Chillicothe District 

Wilbur (Bill) Wolf, lineman at the 
Lancaster Exchange, has enlisted with the 
United States Marines and is now sta- 
tioned at Port Royal, South Carolina. 
Bill is a former star athlete of Lancaster 
high school ; is six feet three and one-quar- 
ter inches tall and weighs 179 pounds. He 
was pronounced the most perfectly de- 
veloped young man 
who has taken the 
Marine examination 
at the Columbus, 
Ohio, recruiting sta- 
tion in recent months, 
and will have the dis- 
tinction of being one 
of the tallest marines 
in the service of 
Uncle Sam. He is 
the eldest son of 
Robert Wolf, line 
foreman at the Lan- 
caster, Ohio, ex- 
change. 

Miss Ella Carlowe, 
long distance opera- 
tor at the Lancaster 
Exchange, has re- 
signed and Madame Rumor intimates that 
Dan Cupid is the cause, and that she will 
be "operating" cooking utensils in the city 
of Akron, Ohio, in the very near future. 

Misses Violet Wood and Florence 
Rhoades have accepted positions as local 
operators at the Lancaster exchange. 




'BILL" WOLF 
of Lancaster, Ohio. 



Dayton District 

W. H. Thompson, district chief clerk, 
Dayton, Ohio, has been appointed man- 
ager of the Middletown Telephone Com- 
pany, Middletown, Ohio, succeeding J. A. 
Bell, who resigned. Mr. Thompson has 
been connected with the Central Union 
Telephone Company in various positions 
during a period of sixteen years. 

Chas. M. Rasor, chief clerk at the Day- 



ton, Ohio, exchange, has been appointed 
district chief clerk, succeeding W. H. 
Thompson. Mr. Rasor has been in the 
employ of this company for nearly 19 years 
in the capacity of cashier' service inspec- 
tor and chief clerk. 

Fred J. Wagenfeld, local timekeeper and 
material clerk, plant department, Dayton, 
Ohio, exchange, has been promoted to the 
position of chief clerk made vacant by the 
transfer of C. M. Rasor to the district 
chief clerkship. 

Miss Leona Welsh, contract clerk for the 
past five years at Dayton, Ohio, exchange, 
has resigned her position to become a 
bride. She will be married to Charles C. 
Kuntz, secretary and treasurer of the 
Union City Body Company of Union City., 
Ind. In her position as contract clerk, 
Miss Welsh came in daily contact with the 
public and her amiable disposition and 
pleasant manner made her many friends. 
Her loss will be felt keenly. She will al- 
ways be remembered by the members of 
the local office with feelings of the highest 
regard and esteem. Mr. and Mrs. Kuntz 
will make their home in Union City, Ind. 

Miss Golda McGowan has accepted the 
position of directory clerk, Dayton, Ohio, 
exchange, which became vacant on ac- 
count of the transfer of Miss Alice Siler 
who takes the position of contract clerk, 
succeeding Miss Leona Welsh. 

Miss Thresa Hamlin, stenographer in 
the district traffic chief's office at Day- 
ton, was married quietlv on April 10th to 
Robert Evler. First Sergeant, Company 
K, Third Regiment, Ohio National Guard. 
Sergeant Eyler returned from the Mex- 
ican border in February and is now doing 
guard duty at Cincinnati, Ohio. Mrs. 
Eyler will retain her present position. 

A. H. Brentlinger, commercial agent at 
the Davton exchange, resigned June 1st 
and left with his family to make his fu- 
ture home in Colorado. Brentlinger was 
a hard, conscientious worker and greatly 
liked by ?11 members of the local force, 
who regret his leaving the city. A letter 
received from Brentlinger states that he 
is now located in Colorado Springs, the 
beaittv spot of America, as traveling com- 
mercial agent with the Mountain States 
Telephone Company, which includes the 



springs division comprising about 30 ex- 
changes, the more important being Colo- 
rado Springs, Leadville, Cripple Creek, 
Manitou and Canon City. 

On the evening of July 10th the girls 
of the traffic department of the Dayton 
exchange entertained with a picnic supper 
in honor of Miss Mary Spohn, who be- 
came the bride of John Koellner of Dayton. 
The supper was served at Lakeside Park. 
Mrs. Koellner has been with the company 
since December, 1912, during which time 




MR. AND MRS. JOHN KOELLNER OF 
DAYTON, OHIO. 

her charming disposition has won her many 
friends. She was presented with a beauti- 
ful hand-painted celery set which, need- 
less to say, was greatly appreciated. Danc- 
ing and other outdoor sports were enjoyed 
after supper. Those participating in the 
affair were Mrs. John Koellner, Misses 
Ida Strahm, Gertrude Engle, Florence 
Reussenzehn, Edna Taft, Pearl Beam, 
Grace Stephens, Clara Ewald, Marie Kyle, 
Mary Ryan, Helen Spangler, Rosa Mack, 
Lauretta Heck, Marian Snyder, Helen 
Tippy, Agnes Waldron and Florence 
Roman. 

Miss Freda Mueller, night operator at 

U— 



2 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Dayton, has been transferred to Cincinnati, 
Ohio. 

Miss Pearl Ream, supervisor at the Day- 
ton Main office, and Miss Margaret Pix- 
ler, night chief operator at the East office, 
spent their vacations in Chicago. 

The girls of the Dayton exchange pre- 
sented the American Red Cross Society 
with a check for $100. The money was 
raised by contributions from the girls of 
the traffic and commercial departments. 

Miss Edith Wortman, supervisor at the 
Dayton Main office, was operated on for 
appendicitis at the Miami Valley Hospital. 
She is now convalescent and will soon re- 
turn to her duties. 

Mrs. C. T. Currier, state welfare worker, 
left on July 20th to spend a week with 
her parents in Newcomerstown, Ohio. 

Miss Helen McFadon, chief operator at 
Rellefontaine, Ohio, is on the sick list, due 
to an accident caused by being thrown from 
an automobile. Her physician advised a 
rest in the country. 

Miss Frieda Schreiner, operator at the 
Dayton East office, was married quietly to 
Robert Dean of Dayton on March 14th. 
The secret was not discovered until the 
latter part of June, when the East girls 
gave a miscellaneous shower for the bride 
at Lakeside Park. A delicious picnic sup- 
per was served, during which the announce- 
ment was made. Mr. Ullery, East wire 
chief, and Russel Henry, switchboardman, 
were invited as guests. Mrs. Dean will 
continue her service with the company. 

Hurdes Houghton, private branch ex- 
change repairman, passed away May 31st. 
Houghton has been an employe of the 
company for five years at the Dayton ex- 
change. He is survived by his wife, son 
and daughter. The burial took place at 
Felicity City, Ohio. 

Harry Stowe, clerk at Dayton main ex- 
change, will now act as clerk to Construc- 
tion Foreman G. C. Weaver. Robert Funk, 
a son of Line Foreman H. A. Funk, has 
accepted the position made vacant by 
Stowe. 




SOME DAYTON VOLUNTEERS. 
The abcve picture shows the Dayton office 
volunteers to the Nation's call for young 
men to protect our country in the great con- 
flict. Eugene Schenk, stenographer to Dis- 
trict Manager H. E. Allen, on the right, and 
A. F. Muller, chief clerk to Foreman G. C. 
Weaver, on the left, have enlisted in Batteiv 
D, First Field Artillery, Ohio National 
Guaid. The entire office force wish them 
God speed and a safe return. 



B. F. Kuhns, commercial agent at Day- 
ton, reports the following private branch 
exchange contracts secured for installa- 



tion since the last report was 


made 








Sta- 


Name — Trunks. 


tions. 


The Miami Valley Hospital. . 


3 


10 


Mead Pulp & Paper Company 


2 


7 


Welbon Motor Car Co 


1 


5 


Dayton Public Library 


2 


8 


Bee Bee Confection Company 


1 


5 


Buntell Roth Companv 


2 


5 


Darling Motor Car Company 


1 


5 


The Dickerson Companv 


2 


4 


Albert Emanuel Company.... 


1 


5 


J. E. Lowes 


1 


5 


W. P. Rice Mining Company. 


2 


5 


First Savings & Banking Co. 


1 


5 


Dayton Stamping & Tool Co. 


1 


4 


Burnett Larsh Company 


1 


8 



Toledo District 

New private branch exchange contracts, 
Toledo, Ohio,' exchange : 
Kohn, Northrup & McMahon— 

1 trunk, switchboard and 5 stations. 
Jcnnison, Wright Company — 

1 trunk, switchboard and 4 stations. 
Park Hotel- 
Contract for 43 additional stations to 
go in new annex, nearing comple- 
tion. 

"Louie" Ruff, of the commercial man- 
ager's office, Toledo, has just returned 
from his vacation in Cleveland, Detroit 
and Chicago. Says Toledo is as "wild and 
woolly" as any of them. 

E. H. McKibben, chief clerk to plant 
chief at Toledo, is still confined to his bed 
at St. Vincent's Hospital. He is improv- 
ing and expects to be able to return to his 
work soon. 

Olga Kerentoff, formerly of the traffic 
department, has accepted a position in the 
order clerk's department of the plant 
chief's office at Toledo. 

H. C. Beatty, Toledo line foreman, mo- 
tored through to Jackson, Ohio, on June 
16th where he spent his vacation at his old 
home. Harry says he worked during his 
vacation. No accounting for tastes ! 

P. J. Hoffman, efficient facility clerk at 
Toledo, is spending the week of June 24th 
to 30th in some quiet, unknown spot "rais- 
ing potatoes." Maybe there is more in this 
news item than meets the eye. 

Several of the boys in the plant depart- 
ment at Toledo are spending their spare 
time raising potatoes and other eatables, 
hoping to help cut the high cost of living. 

George W. Wymer, formerly of Akron, 
Ohio, has been transferred from the en- 
gineering department to the plant chief's 
office, Toledo. George says Toledo is the 
best town in Ohio. 

Miss Catherine Boellner has accepted a 
position as stenographer in the plant chief's 
office, at Toledo. 

The employes of the Putnam Telephone 
Company (Connecting Company), Ottawa, 
exchange enjoyed a delightful parlor picnic 
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. W. T. De- 
Weese on South Oak street, Thursday 




—U 



EMPLOYEES OF CENTRAL UNION TELEPHONE COMPANY, YOUNGSTOWN, OHIO. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



3 



evening, June 14th, the occasion being a 
surprise on Mr. DeWeese, the wire chief. 
All present enjoyed the good eats and the 
good time, and congratulated themselves 
on so successfully putting one over on 
"Bill." 

Manager Charles L. Miller held a very 
successful operators' meeting in Leipsic 
last Friday. 

Cupid played havoc with the Toledo 
traffic force during the month of June. 
The following succumbed to his wiles : 
Misses Mary Goodsite, supervisor at 
Broadway office ; Helen Spangler and Nel- 
lie Meddaugh, operators at Broadway of- 
fice : Kathryn Schmidt and Mae Cav- 
anaugh, supervisors at Alain office ; Ethel 
Caville, repair clerk, and Maud Stamm, 
clerk at the Main office. 

Miss Elsie Kreckman, local operator at 
the Toledo Main office, who has been on 
the sick list for some time, is now recov- 
ering. 

During the month of June new furni- 
ture, rugs and draperies were placed in 
the Toledo Main rest room. The furni- 
ture is brown, finished with tapestry pads. 
The room now presents a very comfort- 
able and restful appearance and many were 
the "Oh's" when the operating force 
walked into the room. 

The serving of lunches has been started 
in all offices at Toledo. The practice met 
instant favor among members of the op- 
erating force. 

Miss Gertie Kramer, who has held the 
position as clerk at Findlay, for the past 
six years, resigned June 23d, to be mar- 
ried to J. J. Folk of Adrian, Mich., where 
they will make their future home. 

Miss Lulu Mahaffey has been trans- 
ferred from position of toll operator at 
Findlay, to clerk in the traffic department. 

Miss Edna Faulhaber, local operator at 
Sandusky, for four years, resigned to be 
married, and is succeeded by Miss Jeanette 
Bechtel. 

The employes of the Toledo District 
are "doing their bit" ; $5,150 was their sub- 
scription to the Liberty Loan. During the 
big National Red Cross campaign over 500 
employes at Toledo became members of 
the Red Cross by contributing $1 or more, 
each. 



Illinois Division 

A. J. Parsons, Correspondent, 
Springfield 

Centralia District 

Miss Hazel Lewis, supervisor at Cen- 
tralia, has returned from a vacation trip, 
to Springfield and Pana, 111. 

Miss Helen Morse, toll operator at Cen- 
tralia, has returned from a few days' vaca- 
tion at Ivka, 111. 

Miss Winnie Morse, toll operator at 
Centralia, has returned from a vacation 
trip to St. Louis, Mo. 



Miss Qr.inta Spreri, ticket clerk at Cen- 
tralia, spent her vacation at St. Louis, Mo. 

Miss Hazel Leutfeld, local operator at 
Centralia, took a two weeks' vacation dur- 
ing July. 

Miss Hilda Spreh, evening chief opera- 
tor at Centralia, has returned from a vaca- 
tion trip to Marion, 111., and St. Louis, 
Mo. 

Miss Nelle Blanchard, collector at Cen- 
tralia, has returned from a two weeks' va- 
cation spent at Detroit, Mich. 



Galesburg District 

W. E. Pickering, plant chief's clerk, 
spent a few days in Rock Island and 
Davenport. 

E. S. Sterritt of Henry and George Cors- 
mah of Chicago called at the Galesburg 
exchange recently. 

Raymond White has accepted a position 
as storekeeper at Galesburg. 

F. W. Kelly, district manager, attended 
the International Rotary Convention at 
Atlanta, Ga., June loth to 21st. There 
were over fifty telephone men at the con- 
vention and they all had a profitable as 
well as enjoyable time. 

Charles McGuire, janitor at Galesburg, 
spent his vacation in Rock Island visiting 
friends. 

Lee Shoop of Chicago, formerly chief 
clerk in the district manager's office, was 
a caller at the Galesburg exchange re- 
cently. 

Miss Olive Kinsel of Galesburg has been 
transferred to Rock Island. 

Miss Alta Hickman, toll operator, spent 
her vacation in Michigan. 

Miss Erma Anderson of Galesburg at- 
tended the excursion from Burlington to 
Keokuk. 



Jacksonville District 

The Alexander exchange has been moved 
from the residence of Mrs. Margaret Col- 
well to the residence of Miss Mary Wag- 
ner, who is now the agent. The cutover 
was made by the Jacksonville plant de- 
partment. 

Foreman Merrill has replaced Springfield 
Circuit No. 61 with copper from New Ber- 
lin to Jacksonville, and is also stringing a 
new copper circuit to Virginia and Beards- 
town. 

Jacksonville suffered severely during 
June from electrical and wind storms, one 
storm taking down -500 feet of aerial cable, 
which had to be replaced. Numerous trees 
also went through the leads. The exchange 
force and several extra men were busy on 
trouble nearly all the month. Carrollton 
also suffered severely. 

Miss Ethel E. Pauk, stenographer at 
Jacksonville, has returned from a vacation 
spent in Chicago. 

Miss Grace Carroll, clerk in the traffic 
department at Jacksonville, has returned 
from her vacation spent in Independence, 
Kans. * 

Miss Agnes Tobin, toll operator at Jack- 



sonville, enjoyed a two weeks' vacation 
during July. 

Jacksonville district has received five new 
Fords : Two at Jacksonville, one at Beards- 
town, one at Carrollton and one at White 
Hall. Six are now in use in the district. 

Miss Mae Lechleidner, local operator at 
Beardstown, has returned after spending 
a two weeks' vacation visiting in Milwau- 
kee, Wis. 

Miss Veulah Todd, collector at Beards- 
town, has returned after enjoying a week's 
vacation. 

W. C. Murphy, testman at Carrollton, 
assisted in the cut-over made at Alexander 
on June 30th. 

Mrs. Ella Jarboe, night chief operator at 
Carrollton, spent her vacation in Spring- 
field, Ohio. 

Miss Nettie Pegram, local operator at 
Carrollton, spent her vacation in White 
HalL HI- 

Miss Roberta Close, night chief opera- 
tor at Roodhouse, spent her vacation at 
Rockbridge and Chesterfield, 111. 

Miss Ruby Michel has accepted a posi- 
tion as local operator at Roodhouse, 111. 

Oran D. Barnett, repairman at Rood- 
house, has been quite sick with malarial 
typhoid fever. 

Miss Marie Sheppard, local operator at 
Roodhouse, was married on May 16th to 
Thomas Shewmaker. 

Miss Annabel Michel, collector at Rood- 
house, visited in Kansas and Nebraska 
from June 22nd to 28th. 

Miss Alma Smock has accepted a posi- 
tion as local operator at Roodhouse. 

Miss Elizabeth Smith, local operator at 
White Hall, spent her vacation in Urbana 
and Champaign, 111. 

Miss Flossie Ligon, chief operator at 
White Hall, spent her vacation in Toledo, 
Ohio. 

Miss Rena Rigg, temporary operator at 
White Hall, has accepted a school and will 
teach this coming winter. 

Miss Dorothy Young has accepted a 
position as temporary operator at White 
Hall. 

The White Hall and Hillview toll lines 
were damaged by a cyclone May 26th. 
Some of the rural subscribers were forced 
to storm cellars. A box car on the C. & A. 
railroad tracks was hurled through the 
Central Illinois Public Service Company's 
power lines. There was no loss of life 
in this section. 



Peoria District 

The operators at Peoria gave their elev- 
enth annual moonlight excursion on the 
Steamer Sidney, July 12th. There were 
1,375 on the boat and everybody spent a 
most enjoyable evening. The operators 
cleared over $300 which has been placed 
in their social fund. It has been the prac- 
tice each year, to use the major portion of 
the profits from the boat excursion in 
entertaining the employes at a chicken 
dinner and outing. However, this year, 

U— 



4 



BELL TELEPHONE -NEWS 



the girls have decided that it is their pa- 
triotic duty to sacrifice this entertainment 
as they may desire to use the money in 
connection with some relief work. The 
operatoYs already have given over $400 to 
the American Red Cross this year. Misses 
Margie Lawson, Rose 
Kugler, Anna McGann, 
Josephine Sullivan and 
Martha Schlumpf have 
qualified for positions 
in the contract depart- 
ment, having demon- 
strated their sales abil- 
ity by disposing of 
$477 worth of tickets 
for the excursion. The 
sales of Misses Law- 
son and Kugler, con- 
stituting one team, 
amounted to $231, and 
Misses McGann and 
Sullivan, constituting 
another team, $221. 
Miss Schlumpf made 
the largest sale for an 
individual, disposing of 
$25 worth. 

The employes of the 
Peoria exchange pur- 
chased $1,200 in Liberty Bonds and pledged 
themselves, during Red Cross week, to give 
over $500. 

The employes of the Canton exchange 
purchased $600 worth of Liberty bonds. 

S. P. Langhoff, chief clerk at Peoria, 
again captured the laurels in bicycle racing 
on July 4th, winning a fourteen-mile road 
race in which there were twenty-seven 
contestants. The first prize was a fine 
bicycle. Mr. Langhoff also won the time- 
prize, consisting of a pair of Racine racing 
tires. This is the second bicycle he has 
won this year, having captured another by 
winning the honors on Memorial Day. 
Severin is one of the few "has been's" 
that can "come back." 

Misses Emma Armstrong, Nellie Barnes 
and Anna George, clerks in the collection 
department at Peoria, report having pleas- 
ant and restful vacations. 

Contracts have been executed with the 
Hotel Mayer at Peoria for a private 
branch exchange, to consist of two trunks, 
switchboard and 172 stations. 

A private branch exchange has been in- 
stalled for Joyce-Loughlin, Wholesale 
Grocers, at Peoria. It consists of two 
trunks, a cordless switchboard and five 
stations. 



The Quincy employes and their families 
enjoyed an all-day outing on the Bolles 
farm one Sunday during June, and it 
proved such a success that already other 
similar gatherings during the summer are 
talked of. It was arranged that all the 



Miss Clara Coens, toll chief operator, is 
back from her vacation which she spent 

at home. 

Misses Alma and Helen Huseman, su- 
pervisor and operator, are back from their 
vacations which they spent in the country. 




Quincy District 

Misses Lorene Rottger, repair clerk, 
and Helen Rottman, local supervisor, have 
accepted positions with the Chicago Tele- 
phone Company. 

Miss Rilla Eames, local operator, has 
resigned to enter college, taking up book- 
keeping and stenography. 
— U 



AT THE QUINCY, ILL., PICNIC, JUNE 29TH. 

young women operators could spend a part 
of the day with the company, which num- 
bered about seventy-five. The three big 
auto trucks of the company and other auto- 
mobiles took the happy crowd to and from 
the farm. Baseball, croquet and other 
games were diversions, and a mock wed- 
ding with "Happy," a member of the con- 
struction force of the company, who was 
the very life of the crowd, as the bride 
and Oscar Pike as the bridegroom, was a 
feature. The "bride" was attired in a 
bungalow apron and tablecloth veil, 
held by a wreath. "She" carried 
an immense bouquet of leaves and 
very calmly smoked during the ceremony. 
The important part of the day, however, 
was the dinner and supper. An abundance 
of good things, including ham, salads, 
sandwiches, weiners, pop, ice cream and 
cake and many other edibles, was included 
on the menu. Mr. Mopps, foreman of the 
construction force ; Miss Anna Mitchell, 
the chief operator ; Miss Mayme Hofmeis- 
ter and Miss Edith Winter composed a 
committee that arranged the picnic and 
was largely responsible for its being such 
a pronounced success. 

Miss Aletha Gard, clerk, had the mis- 
fortune to sprain her ankle while at the 
Central Union picnic. 

Mrs. Marie Kasey has resigned. She 
has decided to locate in Philadelphia, her 
husband being stationed there for the pres- 
ent with the Naval Reserves. 

Miss Helen Benning, local operator, has 
been granted a six months' leave of absence 
on account of ill health. 

Miss Agnes Heckenkamp, toll clerk, has 
been ill since March and has gone to Co- 
lumbus Grov%, Ohio, to see if the change 
will benefit her. 



Rock Island 
District 

Miss Grace Clegg, 
toll clerk af Rock 
Island, enjoyed her va- 
cation visiting in Gales- 
burg, Aledo and Coal 
Valley. 

Miss Jennie King, 
formerly toll super- 
visor at Kansas City, 
Mo., has accepted a 
toll position at Rock 
Island. 

Mrs. Rose Kinney, 
local operator at Rock 
Island, resigned to ac- 
cept a position as pri- 
vate branch exchange 
operator with the Rock 
Island Sash and Door 
Works. 

Miss Grace Barnett, 
local operator at Rock Island, resigned 
to accept a position as private branch ex- 
change operator with the Peoples Power 
Company, Moline, 111. 

Miss Julia Johnson, local operator at 
Rock Island, resigned to accept a position 
as private branch exchange operator with 
the John Deere Plow Company, Moline, 
111. 

Miss Grace Durling, local operator at 
Rock Island, resigned to be married in 
the near future. 

The Misses Esther Manchion, Anna 
Ohge, Jennie Orman and Esther Lalork 
have accepted positions as local operators 
at Rock Island. 

The Misses Lynette Thomas, Winfred 
Blythe, Esther Jernberg, Helen Lempfert, 
Sophia Brown, Bessie Boehme, Anna 
Kruske and Inez McGrath enjoyed their 
vacations during the month of July. 

Miss Evelyn Purcell, toll operator at 
Rock Island has been promoted to toll 
supervisor. 

Miss Martha Wanke, local supervisor at 
Rock Island, and Elmer L. Schlueter of 
Davenport were united in marriage Thurs- 
day, July 12th. Mr. Schlueter is a mem- 
ber of Battery D. Mrs. Schlueter will 
continue her service with the company. 

Miss Edith Johnson, assistant cashier 
at Rock Island, enjoyed her vacation vis- 
iting friends in the country. 

Miss Alma Whiteline, cashier at Moline, 
spent her vacation camping at Scott's 
Landing, near Cordova. 

Ralph Dobbs, commercial agent at Rock 
Island, spent his vacation at the head 
camp of the Modern Woodmen in Chi- 
cago. 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



3 



Roy Purcell, testman at Moline, who 
was operated on recently, is convalescing 
nicely. 

Frank Willhite, repairman at Rock 
Island, who was injured at Sears on June 
10th, is able to be out of the hospital. 

H. Hamrick, repairman at Rock Island, 
has resigned to accept a like position with 
the Home Telephone Company, Kewanee, 
111. A. O. Sumner is the new repairman. 

L. B. Crawford, groundman at Rock 
Island, has resigned. Fred Henrickson is 
the new groundman. 

James Condon, switchboardman at Rock 
Island, has resigned. H. D. Burke is the 
new switchboardman. 

Norman Johnson has accepted a posi- 
tion as toll repairman at Rock Island. 

James Kennedy has accepted a position 
as lineman at Rock Island. 

Lee Fitzgerald has accepted a position 
as repairman at Rock Island. 

The following private branch exchanges 
were installed during July: 

Stone & Webster Company, Rock 

Island Arsenal, three trunks and eight 

stations. 

Victor Storage Battery Company, 
Seventh street and Fourth avenue, 
Moline, two trunks and five stations. 

Lutheran Hospital, Fifth avenue and 
Fifth street, Moline, *wo trunks and 
five stations. 
Western Union Telegraph Company, 
Third avenue and Sixteenth street, 
Moline, two trunks and five stations. 

Moline Piano Company, Moline, two 
trunks and five stations. 
J. F. Brown of Streator, 111., has ac- 
cepted a position as private branch ex- 
change repairman No. 1 at Rock Island. 

R. J. Lampmann, former testman at Rock 
Island, was a visitor June 5th. 

Lee Fitzgerald, repairman No. 7 at Rock 
Island, has resigned his position. 

Floyd Wilson, toll repairman at Rock 
Island, resigned, his position to go to Chi- 
cago. 

Alfred Olsen, cable helper No. 2 at Rock 
Island, has been transferred to Foreman 
Banta of the construction department. 
Robert Ague is the new cable helper. 

M. Vermillion has accepted a position as 
repairman at Rock Island. 

H. Hamrick has accepted a position as 
repairman at Rock Island. 

The Misses Augusta Schultz, Emma 
Hoist, Gertrude Hurzeler, Mary McGrath 
and Julia Johnson, local operators at Rock 
Island, enjoyed their vacations during July. 

Miss Edna Thayer has resigned her posi- 
tion as local operator at Rock Island. 

The Misses Leona Butt and Ledga Mor- 
rill have accepted positions as local opera- 
tors at Rock Island. 

Misses Margaret Boehme and Kathrine 
Than, local operators at Rock Island, have 
been transferred to toll positions. 

Miss Charlotte Kennedy, local operator 
at Rock Island, resigned her position and 
was married June 5th. 



Miss Mabelle Allen, repair clerk at Rock 
Island, enjoyed two weeks' vacation visit- 
ing in Chicago. 

Miss Julia Barnes, district traffic chief's 
stenographer at Rock Island, enjoyed two 
weeks' vacation during June. 

Roy Purcell, testman No. 2 at Moline, 
is on the way to recovery after an 
operation for appendicitis at the Moline 
City hospital. 

The annual excursion of the Bell Tele- 
phone operators at Rock Island was held 
on the night of June 6th on the steamer 
Sidn ey. 

Contracts have been secured for the fol- 
lowing private branch exchanges during 
the month of June : 

Sinclair Refining Co., Rock Island, 
111., two trunks and five stations. 

Central States Steel Co., Moline, 111., 
two trunks and five stations. 

The Market Cooperative Association, 
Moline, 111., two trunks and seven sta- 
tions. 

Rock Island Bridge and Iron Works, 
Rock Island, 111., two trunks and six 
stations. 

On June 27th at 11 a. m. at the rectory 
of St. Joseph's Catholic church was cele- 
brated the marriage of Miss Grace Myers, 
daughter of Mrs. Margaret Myers, and 
William James Dowsett of East Moline, 
son of Mr. and Mrs. George Dowsett of 
Matherville. "The ceremony was performed 
by Dean J. J. Quinn, and attending the 
bridal couple were Miss Sadie Ryan and 
Harry Myers, brother of the bride. The 
bride was in a blue taffeta silk skirt, a 
white georgette crepe blouse and a white 
milan straw hat. Her attendant was in 
blue silk poplin, a coral georgette crepe 
blouse and she wore a white milan straw 
hat. A wedding breakfast was served at 
the home of the bride's mother following 
the ceremony and Mr. and Mrs. Dowsett 
then went to their new home at 706% 
Fifteenth avenue, East Moline. The bride 
was employed for three years as operator 
for the Central Union Telephone Com- 
pany in Rock Island, and since January 
1st has been in the East Moline exchange. 
Mr. Dowsett is employed at the Root and 
VanderVoort plant in East Moline. 



Springfield District 

Miss Virginia Neff, toll operator, was 
married to Grover Lee, a young farmer, 
residing west of Springfield. Mrs. Lee 
will continue in her position at the ex- 
change for the present. Later the young 
couple will reside on their farm. 

Miss Marie Thompson, supervisor, re- 
signed her position and was married to 
Ernest Wilson of Lafayette, Ind. Miss 
Thompson received many beautiful gifts 
from the girls, who join in wishing her 
much happiness. Miss Mary Hobson suc- 
ceeds Miss Thompson as supervisor. 

The girls of the local force in the traffic 
department gave a miscellaneous shower in 



honor of Miss Mary Moore at the home 
of Misses Josephine and Kate Crowley, 
1402 East Jackson street. About fifty were 
present. Miss Moore received many beau- 
tiful and useful gifts. At a late hour de- 
lightful refreshments were served. Miss 
Moore was married to Joe Hendrick. They 
have the very best wishes of their many 
friends. 

The plant department recently completed 
the installation of a private branch ex- 
change, consisting of three trunks and five 
stations, in the office of the Western Union 
Telegraph Company. 

A private branch exchange, consisting 
of two trunks and seven stations, was in- 
stalled for the Murphy Grain Company on 
June 26th. 

A private branch exchange, consisting of 
two trunks and seven stations, has been in- 
stalled for the Western Cartridge Com- 
pany, northeast of the city. 

The plant department has completed the 
installation of a private branch exchange 
for the Lafayette Smith Grocery Company, 
the equipment being one trunk and eight 
stations. 

Miss May C. Doyle and Miss Josephine 
Keefe spent a week end in June in Chi- 
cago. They were entertained at the home 
of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Keefe. 

The girls of the local commercial office 
gave a picnic at Washington Park the 
evening of June 18th. A general good time 
was enjoyed. 

Mrs. George Feidler of Thomasboro, 
formerly Miss Mae Duggan of the local 
commercial force, was a Springfield vis- 
itor the week of June 25th. 

George Denham of the local plant de- 
partment has enlisted in the navy and is 
now stationed at Newport, R. I. 

Miss Josephine Yoggerst has accepted a 
position in the local manager's office. 



Sports at Springfield 

The Central Union Golf Club of Spring- 
field, which had a very successful season 
last year, has reorganized for the ensuing 
season. Eleven members of the Franklin 
Life Insurance Company of Springfield 
have joined, and the club this season will 
be known as the Central Union-Franklin 
Life Golf Club. There are twenty-nine 
Central Union members, making the mem- 
bership number forty. One gold, three 
silver and eight bronze buttons have been 
purchased and these will be played for 
weekly, matches being arranged on the 
basis of each member's handicap. For the 
distribution of the buttons at the begin- 
ning of the season, it was necessary for 
each memuer to have five eighteen-hole 
scores posted, on which the handicaps 
were based, then each person was re- 
quired to play a qualifying eighteen-hole 
round, from which his handicap was de- 
ducted, the man with the lowest net total 
receiving the gold button, the next lowest 
the silver and so on until all the buttons 



6 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



had been distributed. The original dis- 
tribution of the buttons was as follows : 

Byron Gibson, Franklin Life, gold. 

J. Van Sice, Franklin Life, silver. 

M. Woodruff, Central Union, silver. 

Harry Gibson, Franklin Life, silver. 

F. R. Atwood, Central Union, bronze. 

B. Blackburn, Central Union, bronze. 

VV. E. Farney, Central Union, bronze. 

L. C. Gronback, Central Union, bronze. 

N. R. Harrison, Central Union, bronze. 

A. N. Moser, Central Union, bronze. 

F. H. Sawtelle, Central Union, bronze. 

J. P. Utt, Franklin Life, bronze. 

On Saturday, June 30th, in order to 
break the routine of button play, the 
members held what is called the grave- 
yard tournament. This was handled by 
taking the handicap of each player and 
adding it to par. Each player was given 
a card reading as follows : "Here died 
John Smith, age — ," and this card was 
nailed on a stick and driven in the ground 
at the spot where the ball lay on the 
allotted stroke. Three prizes were given 
— first prize, six golf balls, won by L. 
Loveridge of the plant superintendent's 
office ; second prize, four golf balls, won 
by F. H. Sawtelle of the traffic superin- 
tendent's office, and third prize, two golf 
balls, won by Marion Woodruff of the 
plant superintendent's office. The tour- 
nament was voted "great" by all the 
players. L. Loveridge of the plant su- 
perintendent's office is secretary of the 
club. 

The Peoria baseball team has issued 
a challenge to the Springfield team for a 
game to be played in Peoria for the bene- 
fit of the Red Cross. The game was to 
have been played on July 22d at the III 
League Park, Peoria, but owing to the 
III league disbanding and Peoria enter- 
ing the Central league, the game has been 
postponed to Sunday, August 5th. Lee 
Weise is manager of the ball team. 



Division Offices 

Miss Florence Larson and Robert Sol- 
omon of Springfield were married at eight 
o'clock Saturday morning, June 30th, at 
the Grace Lutheran Church, in the pres- 
ence of relatives and immediate friends. 
They were attended by Miss Hazel Leason 
and Wm. Pride. After the ceremony the 
members of the bridal party and immedi- 
ate relatives took breakfast at the Leland 
Hotel. The bride and groom left by auto- 
mobile for a trip to Forrest City, Iowa. 
They will reside in Springfield. Mrs. Sol- 
omon was formerly stenographer in the 
offices of the plant superintendent. 

Miss Frances Parsons of the commer- 
cial superintendent's office has gone for an 
extended vacation, her objective point be- 
ing Los Angeles, Cal. En route she will 
stop at Chicago, Vancouver,, B. C, Seattle 
and various other points. 



Indiana Division 

D. H. Whitham, Correspondent, 
Indianapolis 

Northern and Southern District 

At the time of writing, F. D. Allen, 
special agent in charge of the canvass at 
Terre Haute, is on his vacation at Tippe- 
canoe Lake. We presume that great in- 
roads are being made on the finny tribe, and 
that the lake will have to be re-stocked 
this fall. Part of Mr. Allen's catch will 
be utilized by him in putting the "Fish" in 
Effishency for the "Great Fall Drive" at 
Terre Haute. 

Leo T. Osmon, one of Mr. Allen's able 
aides de camp in the Terre Haute cam- 
paign, spent his vacation 'mongst the scenes 
of his childhood at Washington, Ind., 
where his former associates dug out the 
old nickname from memory's closet and in 
other ways helped him to enjoy his vaca- 
tion That they were successful was evi- 
denced by the old cordial smile, just a 
little brighter, if possible, and the renewed 
vigor with which he resumed his duties 
upon his return. 

F. W. Rolen, plant chief, and W. A. 
Shaw, wire chief at Terre Haute, and 
their families, spent the Fourth of July 
near Lewis, Ind., on a fishing trip. They 
had as their guest Miss Anna Fisher of 
the traffic department, James Ford of the 
A. T. & T. Company, and J. D. Evans, 
plant clerk. A fine time was enjoyed. A 
splendid picnic dinner was served by Mrs. 
Rolen and Mrs. Shaw. On the return 
trip to the city the ladies served a picnic 
supper at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Shaw. 

Miss Mattie Harms, who has been chief 
operator at the Terre Haute exchange for 
the past four years, has been transferred 
to the commercial department as clerk. 
Miss Harms has been in the traffic depart- 
ment at Terre Haute for the past thirteen 
years. 

George L. Brown, collector at Terre 
Haute, enjoyed his vacation the third week 
in July fishing in the Eel River. 

W. H. Shaffer, construction foreman, 
who is doing construction work at Terre 
Haute, Ind., is improving rapidly after his 
operation for appendicitis and h able to 
be around. He was very much in evidence 
at the boat ride which was enjoyed bv the 
Bell Telephone Society July 7th. 

John F. Smith, line foreman at Terre 
Haute, spent his vacation in the country 
near Terre Haute. 

J. D. Evans, plant clerk at Terre Haute, 
spent part of his vacation attending the 
Indiana Sunday School Convention in 
Terre Haute. He also visited friends in 
Muncie. 

We now have a "mother" in Terre 
Haute, also a newly equipped kitchen. The 
mother, Mrs. Puckett, assisted by Mrs. 
Schroeder, turns out a lunch each day be- 
tween the hours of 10 a. m. and 1 p. m. 



which is so managed that is costs the girls 
very little. Drop in some day at meal time 
and have lunch with the girls. You will 
be well taken care of, even though we may 
have to make a table out of the ice box. 

The local plant force at Frankfort has 
recently installed a No. 550 lamp type pri- 
vate branch exchange' at the Shadburne 
Brothers Automobile Company, with three 
trunks, and ten stations. This installation 
makes a total of nine P. B. X.'s in Frank- 
fort. 

Miss Hazel Mathewman, local operator 
at Frankfort, resigned July 1st and was 
married to George Parsons on July 7th. 
The wedding took place in their newly 
furnished home on East Green street. 

Miss Delia Ashley, local operator at 
Frankfort, resigned July 31st to take up 
future residence at Kansas City, Mo., 
where she will accept a position with the 
Southwestern Telephone and Telegraph 
Company. 

Twenty operators at Frankfort, together 
with the chief operator and supervisors, 
enjoyed a jollification in the form of a 
picnic supper, held at Wild Creek, seven 
miles northwest of Frankfort, Friday 
evening, July 6th. The trip was made in 
the plant department's big truck, Manager 
Alexander acting as chauffeur. After en- 
joying several baskets of sandwiches and 
salads, and other good things to eat, about 
8:30 the return trip was started, and a 
stop was made at the home of ihe chief 
operator, where light refreshments were 
served. The old farmer in whose wood the 
supper was eaten said: "That was the 
gol darndest, nicest bunch of girls I have 
seen for years." 

Miss Kate Shughrue, chief operator at 
Peru, returned to her duties July Sth after 
a two weeks' vacation. 

Miss Clarissa Stegman, operator at Peru, 
resigned July 9th. 

A. S. Barnett, Manager at Peru, and his 
family motored to Vevay, Ind., for a few 
days' visit. 

Miss Elizabeth Horn has accepted a posi- 
tion as clerk in the commercial office at 
Peru succeeding Luna Burbank, who was 
transferred to the position of cashier, for- 
merly occupied by Dalton Wallar. 

The plant department's garden at Peru 
is in fine condition. Chief Inspector Mar- 
tin O'Brien claims they now h?ve pota- 
toes as big as baseballs, but Charles Loe 
planted the onions so near the potatoes 
that it made their eyes water. 

The operators and supervisors of the 
Peru exchange gave a social July 18th for 
the benefit of the Red Cross. They are 
also donating to the Red Cross the balance 
of the proceeds from the operators' dance. 

Misses Edna McConnell, Jennie Miller, 
Tillie Grossman and Laura Davis of the 
traffic department at Peru spent Sunday, 
July 8th, at the home of Dr. J. E Randall 
at Bunker Hill, Ind. 

Miss Janie Catlett, operator at Peru, re- 
signed her position and left for her home 
in Virginia. 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



7 



Phil Burbank, installer at Peru, resigned 
his position and left for Maricopa, Cali- 
fornia, where he will make his future 
home. 

The work of adding two new positions 
to the Logansport switchboard has been 
almost completed. 

The employes of the traffic and plant 
departments at Bedford contributed gen- 
erously to the Red Cross fund during the 
campaign. 

Geo. Chambers, lineman at Bedford, has 
accepted a position as city foreman at Ko- 
komo. 

Miss Leona Fletcher, of Bedford, has 
resigned to be married. She was suc- 
ceeded by Miss Maude Hill. 

Miss Mona Southers, chief operator's 
clerk at Bedford, and Mary Green, local 
operator, spent their vacations in Indian- 
apolis. 

Miss Hazel Stalcup, local operator at 
Bedford, has returned from her vacation 
spent in Terre Haute, Ind. 

Miss Ruby Embree, toll operator at Bed- 
ford, enjoyed a delightful visit with friends 
in Pittsboro. 

Miss Lydia Plake, of Bedford, has re- 
turned from a week's vacation in the coun- 
try. 

Miss Sylvia Martin, of Bedford, en- 
joyed her vacation in Salem, Ind 

O. L. Cobb, wire chief at Bedford, spent 
a week's vacation in the country. 

Miss Anna Stalcup, local operator at 
Bedford, visited with friends in Louisville, 
Ky., during her vacation. 

Miss Mary Green, local operator at Bed- 
ford, has resigned because of ill health. 

Miss Vada Carter, chief operator at Bed- 
ford, spent the week-end with Muncie and 
Comersville friends a few weeks ago. 

Manager Porter, of Elwood, spent his 
vacation during June at St. James, Minn., 
enjoying a number of auto trips to lakes 
in that vicinity. But he could <">nly fool 
some of the ''small" ones. He had a fine 
auto trip to Redwood Falls, Minn. On his 
return stopped at Kilborn, Wis., a few days, 
and made the launch trip up thf "Dells" 
of the Wisconsin river. 

Manager Porter secured a contract for 
a No. 1 private board exchange, three 
trunks and. ten stations for the Charles F. 
Wiley Company department store at El- 
wood, also a contract for a No. 2 private 
board exchange, one trunk and six sta- 
tions for the Alexandria Paper Company 
at Alexandria. 

Elwood has made a gain of 133 stations 
during the first six months of the year. A 
substantial increase in tolls, both at Elwood 
and Alexandria exchanges was made also. 

A new directory will be asked for El- 
wood, to be ready for August 1st. 

A new directory was delivered in July 
to the Alexandria subscribers, and was 
very much appreciated. 

Miss Kathleen Adams, local operator at 
Shelbyville, resigned June 30th. She was 
succeeded by Miss Leona Wiles. 

Miss Dorothy Louden, local operator at 



Shelbyville, spent her vacation at Indian- 
apolis with relatives. 

Mrs. Mary Rouse, evening supervisor at 
Shelbyville, has returned from a pleasant 
vacation spent in Indianapolis with friends. 

Miss Eunice Carpenter, new number 
clerk at Shelbyville, has returned after her 
vacation spent in Anderson, Ind. 

Miss Opal McKay, local operator at Shel- 
byville, Ind., took a vacation during July. 

Miss Frances Kercheval, toll operator at 
Greensburg, surprised her many friends by- 
being quietly married to Raymond Calhert, 
of Shelbyville, Ind., at Covington, Ky., on 
June 27th. They will reside in Shelbyville, 
Ind., in a new home just completed. 

Miss Lida Biddinger, toll operator at 
Greensburg, Ind., was married July 7th, to 
Harry Ainsworth, of Greensburg, Ind. 
They will reside in New Castle. Mr. Ains- 
worth is county agent of agriculture for 
Henry county. 

Miss M. B. Stowell, former chief clerk 
at South Bend, has been appointed cashier. 

P. A. Handerson has been transferred 
from the position of plant clerk to chief 
clerk in the commercial department at 
South Bend. 

Miss L. K. Schlaman, stenographer at 
South Bend, enjoyed her vacation during 
May. 

The Mishawaka and South Bend ex- 
changes enjoyed a fishing parry June 8th, 
at Eagle Point. E. W. Lindsay was the 
champion fisherman. 

Contracts have been secured for one 
trunk and nineteen stations for the Hinkle 
Motor Car Company, at South Eend. 

Mrs. C. J. Murphy of the construction 
department, South Bend, left July 15th, to 
accept a position with the Michigan State 
Telephone Company, construction depart- 
ment, Detroit. 

Clyde Lindsay resigned from construc- 
tion department at South Bend on July 
5th, to return to his home in North Caro- 
lina. 

George Salvage, of *he South Bend con- 
struction department, left July 15th, to ac- 
cept a position with the Michigan State 
Telephone Company. 

On June 8th, about 5 a. m., fire originat- 
ing in an old barn, injured one 400-pair, 
one 300-pair and one 100-pair cable. Con- 
struction and exchange maintenance cable 
men were rushed to the job, and by 5 p. m. 
the same day all lines were restored to 
service. 

Ernest Knowlten, cable man at South 
Bend, spent his vacation sojourning at his 
former home, Sims, Ind. Sims, we under- 
stand, is a wide place in the road between 
Kokomo and Marion. 

Miss Mildred Brookie has resigned her 
position at Frankfort, to accept a place 
with the Clover Leaf railroad. 

Miss Kelly, night operator at Frankfort, 
resigned August 1st. 

Miss Delia Ashley, operator ac Frank- 
fort, has moved to Kansas City, where she 
expects to resume telephone work 



Miss Hazel Matthewman, operator at 
Frankfort, was married July 7th, to George 
Parsons. 

Miss Catherine Cook, of the Frankfort 
exchange, has returned from a vacation 
spent in Lima, Ohio. 

Miss Mary Harris, of Frankfort, spent 
her vacation in Indianapolis. 

Miss Mary Busic, an operator at Wash- 
ington Court House, Ohio, spent her vaca- 
tion with the Misses Keller, of Frankfort. 

July 6th was picnic day at Frankfort. 
Several of the operators and supervisors, 
Manager Alexander and family, and Miss 
Catherine Phillip, chief operator, motored 
to Wild Creek, where they enjoyed supper. 
Several former operators were present. 

R. R. Simons, chief inspector at Auburn, 
caught fish at Lake Gage during his vaca- 
tion in July. 

Miss Hilda Grove, local operator at Au- 
burn, returned July 8th from a vacation 
spent with relatives at the lake. 

Miss Verdia Carper, toll operator at Au> 
burn, spent her vacation, beginning July 
8th, at Detroit and Toledo. 

Miss Cora Butler, formerly chief op- 
erator at Auburn, but now with the Mich- 
igan State Telephone Company at De- 
troit, spent her vacation with her sister 
Mabel, in Auburn, returning to Detroit 
July 2nd. 

Miss Julia Endicott, supervisor at Craw- 
fordsville, has been ill with malarial fever. 

A number of Crawfordsville plant em- 
ployes attended the annual Terre Haute 
picnic on July 7th. After a big time they 
started to drive home, but lost their way, 
finally landing on the grounds of the Tu- 
berculosis sanitarium at Rockvillc They 
camped under a tree until daylight, and at 
length reached home O. K., but sleepy. 

James Atkinson, wire chief No. 2, at 
Crawfordsville, is suspected of having a 
seine hidden in the woods. He F.eems to 
be the only man around the exchange who 
can catch a fish. 

Helen Griest, toll operator at Shelby- 
ville, resigned July 1st, to become Mrs. 
Daily. 

The new Crawfordsville directory, just 
issued, shows a nice gain in subscribers. 



Busy Days at Frankfort 

A Frankfort, Ind., subscriber called the 
long-distance operator one morning last 
month about 7 :30 and told her he had a 
day's work for her. He then proceeded to 
place sixty-one calls. On fifty-one of these 
he talked ; he carried seven over and can- 
celled three. The next morning he placed 
forty calls and cancelled one. The third 
day he put in fourteen and talked on all 
of them. 



Hope He's Better 

Hello ! is that you Doctor ? Well, say, 
I'm afraid I'm getting bronchitis, wait a 
minute and I'll cough for you. 

U— 



8 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Terre Haute Annual Outing 

The annual outing of the Bell Telephone 
Society of Terre Haute and members of 
the "Yaller Dawgs" fraternity July 7th at- 
tracted eighty-five men of the organization 
to the picnic grounds ten miles up the 
Wabash River. Contests of every kind and 
description were "pulled off" and consid- 
erable talent of all sorts was displayed. 



swered his country's call. He is still a 
member of B company. 

For a time it appeared that the boat ride 
would have to be postponed, owin^. to the 
non-appearance of W. M. Kendrick. After 
he came rushing down the gang plank, he 
explained between breaths that he had been 
taking an interesting study in physical ex- 
ercises. Roy Daniels, another Indianapolis 



Kaiser. So he was. A Mr. Wilson, living 
in St. Louis, was calling a Mr. Kaiser, liv- 
ing in a city in Illinois. 



Some Experience, Too 

An applicant at Memphis, when asked if 
she had ever had any operating experience 
replied, "Yes, I have had my adenoids re- 
moved." 




TERRE HAUTE, IND., ANNUAL OUTING, JULY 7TH, 1917. 
They have eaten nothing that disagreed with them — the sun was in their faces, that's all. 



One of the big features was the base- 
ball game between the "Docs" of "Doc" 
Cook and the "Singers" of "Singer" Lozier, 
the "Docs" winning after a bloody battle, 
9 to 1. E. L. Hamlin of Indianapclis, state 
line supervisor, was the umpire, and found 
out later that the most fortunate event in 
his life was the assured attendance of all 
of himself after the game. 

Then there was a tug-of-war between 
Frank Rolen's and Billy Shaw's teams, the 
Rolen bunch rolling the Shaws all over the 
line. Bill Shafer won the foot race, but it 
was not without a protest against his use 
of a cane. After that came a wrestling 
match between "Lefty" Wyat and "Slick" 
Chambers. "Slick" tried a splice hold, but 
"Lefty" broke it and set his boss on his 
ear. 

Among the out of town men were E. L. 
Hamlin, D. H. Whitham, Zoe Leach, Roy 
Daniels, W. M. Kendrick, B. G. Halstead, 
V. N. Gregg, Jimmy Nichols, P. L. Moseley 
and Johnny Blair of Indianapolis, Gam 
Richeson and Will Wesner of Linton and 
George Thompson, state cableman. 

The guest of honor, in the persoii of one 
of Uncle Sam's "Sammies" was Ray Smith, 
whose appearance revived old associations. 
Smith was an installer for the company at 
the time of the Mexican trouble and an- 
— U 



representative, had a big time spending the 
day reading wholesome literature and walk- 
ing about the picnic grounds enjoving the 
shade and the good water. Joe Parrish of 
the local bunch had to swim minus a bath- 
ing suit, as he hasn't recovered his pet suit 
yet. 

No new members were initiated into the 
"Yaller Dawgs," although Mr. Hamlin, 
chief pedigreed pup of the order, was on 
hand prepared for any ceremonies 

Manager Kissling was in charge of the 
field events, the only badge of his rank 
being a white duck outing hat. Mi Mose- 
ley and George Thompson were the ulti- 
mate champions in the horse shoe pitching 
which seemed to be an endurance contest, 
as they could hardly be drawn away long 
enough to eat dinner. Mr. Thompson also 
took high honors in the running race to a 
stump, upon which reposed the prize money, 
a fifty-cent piece. "Judy" Chaney was the 
victor in the Broad Jump. E. "Hop" Al- 
len proved to be the strong arm man, and 
won the brick throwing contest. 



Promotion 

No one can say just when begins 
The service that promotion wins, 
Or when it ends; 'tis not defined 
By certain hours or any kind 
Of system that has been devised. 
Merits cannot be systemized, 
It is at work when it's at play, 
It serves each minute of the day; 
'Tis always at its post to see 
New ways of help and use to be, 
Merit from duty never slinks, 
Its cardinal virtue is — it thinks. 

— An Employe. 



Wilson Calls Kaiser 

Considerable excitement was caused re- 
cently by a report in the St. Louis long- 
distance office that Wilson was calling 



Bum Service 

James Morgan dropped a nickel in a 
"nickel-in-the-slot" weighing machine that 
speaks the number. The machine yelled 
Jimmie's weight — 160. 

"Wassat?" yelled Jimmie. "I didn't want 
160 ; I wanted long-distance." When he 
couldn't get a reply, he dropped another 
nickel in the slot and again the machine 
spoke "160." 

Finally, as the cop led him away, Mor- 
gan muttered : "Worst telephone shervice 
ever shaw." 



BELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



9 



Big Garden at 
Indianapolis 

One hundred em- 
ployes of the Central 
Union Telephone Com- 
pany proceeded at 6 
o'clock on Tuesday 
morning, June 19th, to * 
their thirty-acre garden 
on the Myers free 
gravel road. The use 
of this ground has 
been donated by the 
Riverview Realty Com- 
pany and ploughed by 
tractors through the 
courtesy of the Lyons 
Atlas and Bull Tractor 
Companies. 

The planters were 
headed by J. W. Stick- 
ney, general manager of Indiana, and 
W. B. Thomas, chairman of the Tele- 
phone Garden Association, assisted by 
Messrs. Osborn and Irvin of the City Gar- 
den Association. 

Potatoes were cut and planted in eight 
acres, and 7,000 cabbage plants and 5,000 
tomatoe plants were set out. Seven acres 
of corn had previously been planted, of 
this four acres were double planted with 
Kentucky Wonder beans and pumpkins. 
Later plantings of sweet corn and navy 
beans are to be put in and a good sized 
planting of turnips was expected to be 
made on the 25th of July "rain or shine." 

The surprise of the day was to see Mr. 
Whitham working behind the plow fur- 
rowing the ground for potatoes. He was 
kept busy by the many efficient cutters 
headed by J. Loyd Wayne, 3d, who for a 
setting-up exercise would carry a 150- 
pound sack of seed potatoes across the 
900-foot field. 

Three tents have been erected and a 
care-taker will live on "the farm." He will 
have the assistance of a number of em- 
ployes who intend to 
spend their vaca- 
tions helping to raise a 
"bumper crop." 




MEMBERS OF INDIANAPOLIS STAFF "DOING THEIR BIT.' 




W. B. THOMAS and D. H. WHITHAM 
Of the Telephone Garden Association, Chair- 
man Thomas smokes a cigar while 
Whitham plows. 



Our Own Travel- 
ogues 

Sir : I guess you've 
heard of Philadelphia, 
the fjlace where you 
ride on the elevated on 
the subway, enter green 
cars in the bow and 
yellow ones in the 
stern, where they have 
two telephone systems, 
the Keystone and the 
Bell, and where all the 
electrical men read 
"Electrical Merchandis- 
ing," the only monthly 
electrical paper having 
an appreciable factor 
of readability. 

When I was there 
the other day I hap- 
pened to think of Jimmy Stevenson, who 
has both breeds of 'phone on his desk, and 
I called him up on the Keystone and then 
called him up on the Bell, and Jimmy 
takes both receivers off and I put my Bell 
receiver to the Keystone transmitter and 
my Keystone receiver to my Bell trans- 
mitter and Jimmy says "Hello" on the 
Keystone and himself says "Hello" on the 
Bell and Jimmy says "Whosis?" on the 
Bell and himself says "Whosis?" on the 
Keystone; then I jiggled both hooks, and 
central on the Bell says "Number, please," 
and central on the Keystone says "Quitcher 
kiddin' " and Jimmy says, "Is that you, 
Genevieve?" on the Bell and himself says 
"Is that you, Genevieve?" on the Key- 
stone and Bell central says "Yes" and Key- 
stone central says "No" and I says "Hello, 
Jimmy, this is me" on both 'phones and 
Jimmy says "Well, both of you come over 
and see me and myself" and we did and all 
four of us went out and ate a luncheon for 
two and Jimmy gave the Red Cross five 
dollars because he knows what it must be 
to suffer from mental indigestion. — C. L. F. 
in New York Tribune. 



A Literal Compli- 
ance 

A -Frankfort, Ind., 
toll student had a ticket 
to Wabash a few days 
ago. The parties talked 
on the North Manches- 
ter ticket. The super- 
visor said, "Now cover 
your Wabash ticket 
with the North Man- 
chester." Very careful- 
ly the student pinned 
the two tickets to- 
gether, with North 
Manchester on top. 






THE INDIANAPOLIS GARDENERS AGAIN. 



A New Type of 
Book 

It was after prohi- 
bition had reached a 
certain town in the 
middle west that an 
express agent tele- 
phoned a man prom- 
inent in the town. This 
was the conversation 
that followed : 

"Is this Mr. X?" 

"Yes." 

"We have a package 
of books for you, Mr. 
X, and we wish you 
would arrange to get 
them at once, as they 
are leaking badly." — 
County Gentleman. 

U— 



LO 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



Lord Northcliffe Participates In Unique Demonstration 



Distinguished English Publisher as Guest of American Telephone and Telegraph Company, Hears Roar of 
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans at Same Moment Over Bell Transcontinental Line 



Lord Northcliffe, the distinguished 
British publisher and publicist, accom- 
panied by several British army officers and 
his secretarial staff, was the special guest 
of President Theodore N. Vail at the 
headquarters of the American Telephone 
and Telegraph Company at 195 Broadway, 
New York, on Thursday, July 12th. 

After an informal reception in Presi- 
dent Vail's office participated in by many 
officials of the Bell System, the guests 
were escorted to the directors' room 
where they were entertained with a series 
of demonstrations over the transconti- 
nental line, together with motion pictures 
illustrating phases of the work of con- 
struction of the longest telephone line in 
the world. 

The demonstration was in charge of 
Major John J. Carty, Chief Engineer of 
the Bell System. Lord Northcliffe occu- 
pied the head of the directors' table, and 
each guest at the table had two small tele- 
phones for listening, so that one or both 
ears could be used, as desired, and for 
Lord Northcliffe there was provided, in 
addition to these two telephones, an ordi- 
nary standard desk telephone set. 

At ten minutes past eleven, a few min- 
utes before the scheduled time, the trans- 



continental telephone line extending from 
New York to San Francisco was connect- 
ed to Lord Northcliffe's telephone. 

Before the line was turned over to Lord 
Northcliffe for his first conversation 
across the continent from the Atlantic to 
the Pacific, Major Carty made a very re- 
markable preliminary trial of the line 
which was witnessed by all of those pres- 
ent. In rapid succession he called up engi- 
neers at New York, Pittsburgh, Chicago, 
Omaha, Denver, Salt Lake, Winnemucca, 
and San Francisco, and had a brief con- 
versation with each of them. Each gave 
a report of the weather at his station. 
The temperature was remarkably even at 
the time, the lowest being 60 at Salt Lake, 
the thermometer registering 70 at New 
York and San Francisco. East of Chicago 
all reports were "cloudy weather," but 
from Omaha west all was clear and the 
sun was shining. At Salt Lake Mr. Horth 
reported that he could see clearly from his 
window the mountains covered with snow 
glistening in the sun. Mr. Twist at Win- 
nemucca in the Sierra Nevada region, said 
that all the signs pointed to a very hot 
day and that on the day previous the tem- 
perature had reached 110. Every one 
looked at a watch and saw it was 11:15 



in the morning in New York as Mr. Hunt- 
er at San Francisco was telling them it 
was only a quarter past eight at the 
Golden Gate. 

Following Major Carty's preliminary 
test, which interested the visitors greatly, 
Lord Northcliffe took the telephone and 
talked to San Francisco. After a pre- 
liminary conversation, Lord Northcliffe 
asked the telephone engineer there to send 
to the San Francisco newspapers the fol- 
lowing message which he dictated over the 
telephone : 

"When I last visited California I found 
that you had in your beautiful country a 
great number of English and Scotch peo- 
ple. I suggest that they get together and 
organize for recruiting and also for strictly 
observing the food regulations issued at 
Washington." 

There was further conversation with 
San Francisco by Major Carty, and then 
there came over the wires across the con- 
tinent clearly and with unimpaired melody, 
the words and music of "God Save the 
King," transmitted from a phonograph. 
Instantly at the first strains every one 
arose. Never before did a party of 
Britons and Americans thus pay their 





LORD NORTHCLIFFE AND THEODORE N. VAIL. 
At the demonstration of transcontinental telephony held in New York, Thursday, July 12th. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



11 



homage under such remarkable circum- 
stances. The fervent sentiment of the oc- 
casion was intensified when America's na- 
tional anthem, "The Star-Spangled Ban- 
ner,'' also from a phonograph record in 
San Francisco, reached the hearers, who 
remained standing until the last notes died 
away. 

The transcontinental telephone demon- 
stration had deep suggestion of the part 
which the telephone must play in the 
present war. 

After the "Good-bye" roll call by Major 
Carty, some moving pictures were exhibit- 
ed, beginning with the 195 Broadway 
building, in which Lord Northcliffe was 
talking, and showing scenes along the 
transcontinental telephone line to San 
Francisco. Transmitters were installed 
near the Cliff House on the Pacific Ocean, 
and at Coney Island on the Atlantic Ocean, 
so that Lord Northcliffe was the first to 
hear simultaneously with one ear the 
waves breaking upon the shore of the 
Golden Gate, and with the other, the roar 
of the Atlantic surf, illustrated by moving 
pictures. The talking moving picture of 
Mr. Watson delivering a portion of his 
addess on the "Birth of the Telephone," 
was also given. 

At noon the guests were escorted by 
President H. B. Thayer, Vice President H. 
A. Ffalligan and Chief Engineer F. B. 
Jewett of the Western Electric Company, 
to rhat company's West street building. 
Here a model of the first telephone was 
exhibited. Using a modern receiver in 
one room and the old telephone in another 
room, speech was transmitted and heard 
in the modern telephone, although very 
indistinctly and faintly. Then modern 
amplifying apparatus was added to the 
circuit and the sound from the old tele- 
phone, although indistinct, proved loud 
enough to be heard in all parts of the 
room. 

A copy of this old model telephone is 
now being prepared and suitably inscribed 
for presentation to Lord Northcliffe by 
Mr. Vail, as a souvenir of the occasion. 

Mr. Vail had already presented Lord 
Northcliffe with a miniature model, a shade 
more than an inch long, of the latest form 
of telephone receiver. It carried a gold 
plate bearing the inscription "To Lord 
Northcliffe from Theodore N. Vail." Lord 
Northcliffe himself heard speech through 
it. It is even capable of transmitting as 
well as receiving speech, but, like the old 
model, when used for transmitting it needs 
a little help from some modern telephone 
amplifying devices connected into the line. 

Lord Northcliffe not only heard speech 
but saw it, by looking into an oscillograph 
which reproduced in a wavy line of light 
the motions of the telephone diaphragm. 
Photographic records of this vibrating 
beam of light were taken. These records 
show in visual form the words "Lord 
Northcliffe," "Vail," "The Times." 

Lord Northcliffe saw in the laboratories 
endurance tests on telephone transmitters, 



on electric batteries, on switchboard lamps, 
and on electrical mechanism of many 
kinds. The other exhibitions were sec- 
tions of modern telephone cables, each con- 
taining twenty-four hundred wires en- 
closed in a lead sheath having an outside 
diameter of only 2% inches. 

The entire party were the guests of the 
Western Electric Company at a luncheon 
which was served in the suite of rooms 
occupied by the heads of the engineering 
department, Mr. Thayer presiding as host 
for the company. Among Lord North- 
cliffe's party were Brigadier General W. 
A. White, Lieutenant Colonel Campbell 
Stuart, Captain Paul F. Sise who is known 
to all Western Electric people by his af- 
filiation with the Northern Electric Com- 
pany at Montreal, and members of Lord 
Northcliffe's secretarial staff. 

Besides those mentioned there were 
present the following officials of the Amer- 
ican Telephone and Telegraph Company : 
W. Murray Crane and John I. Waterbury, 
directors ; U. N. Bethell, senior vice presi- 
dent ; N. C. Kingsbury, vice president ; 
James Robb, vice president ; A. A. Mar- 
sters, secretary; N. T. Guernsey, general 
counsel ; G. D. Milne, treasurer ; C. G. 
DuBois, comptroller; J. J. Carty, chief 
engineer; B. Gherardi, engineer of plant; 
C. H. Wilson, general manager ; F. A. 
Stevenson, general superintendent of plant; 
J. L. R. Van Meter, general superintendent 
of traffic; F. H. Bethell, and H. F. Thur- 
ber, vice presidents of the New York Tele- 
phone Company ; Newcomb Carlton, pres- 
ident, Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany, and Frank A. Vanderlip, president, 
National City Bank. 



German Exaggeration 

A citizen of the United States, with 
fanatical admiration for all things German, 
undoubtedly would surprised to learn 
that in the last hn'f century Americans 
have produced probabiy ten notable inven- 
tions for every one created by a German. 
In that period Americans have revolu- 
tionized many industries and changed the 
whole mode of ordinary living by numer- 
ous great inventions. 

In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell gave the 
telephone to the world. Two years later 
Sholes brought out the typewriter. George 
Westinghouse invented the airbrake, and 
changed the entire scheme ol railroad travel 
the year before the Prussians swept to 
Paris. Ten years later Brush invented the 
electric lamp and Thomson the electric wel- 
der. Edison, the wizard, catne forward with 
the incandescent light, the phonograph and 
the motion-picture 'machine Goodyear's 
shoemaking machine changed the entire 
footwear industry. The trolley car, the 
typesetting machine, the rotary disc plow, 
the automatic car coupler, the automatic 
'block signal, the cash register — all the re- 
sult of American inventiveness and in- 
genuity — have been given to the world 
within the last fifty years. 



Even in the invention of instruments of 
warfare, the greatest military nation in the 
world had nothing to do with the bringing 
out of wireless telegraphy, the submarine 
and the aeroplane. The Italian, Marconi, 
gave us the wireless and Americans were 
responsible for the submarine and the aero- 
plane. The Catling gun—for decades the 
synonym for all machine guns — was an 
American product and military experts say 
that the best machine gun in the present 
war is one invented in the United States. 
And it is more than doubtful whether any 
powder expert in Germany knows more 
about high explosives than the Du Ponts 
of this country. Germany, after preparing 
for war for almost fifty years, is now far 
outdistanced in the matter of artillery by 
England and France, as has been fully dem- 
onstrated on the western front. 

In view of all these facts, is it not about 
time that Americans, who have been en- 
thusing over German initiative and effi- 
ciency, should turn to the history of their 
own country and people, and learn that, 
while we have our shortcomings and faults, 
everything good and effective is not "Made 
in Germany."— Bloomington (111.) Panto- 
graph. 



Patriotic Work for Uncle Sam 

"At the Biltmore in New York the oth- 
er evening I met Fred Stevenson, the cap- 
tain of the '89 crew that for so long held 
the record of the Thames. He looked 
tired and worn. He had been in Wash- 
ington working up the details of his spe- 
cialty, telephone service for the govern- 
ment." 

This ; s a paragraph from an article by 
Walter Camp in The Rotarian. It details 
the patriotic work of former Yale Uni- 
versity men. The Fred Stevenson referred 
to is F. E. Stevenson, of the American 
Telephone and Telegraph Company. 



His Bit 

As there were not sufficient toll facili- 
ties from Youngstown to Niagara Falls 
and Buffalo, a new pole line was erected 
for a distance of six miles in order to sup- 
ply telephone facilities for the training 
camp at Fort Niagara. The service had 
to be established at short notice in record 
time. 

This new construction was through the 
prosperous fruit belt, and it was necessary 
to cut down several trees. One farmer 
remarked as a tree fell, "There is my bit." 
— The Telephone Review. 



Genesis, Exodus 

We would remind that group of digni- 
fied dignitaries known as potatriots, who 
spend their leisure moments strenuously 
digging up the landscape — that all the trou- 
ble in the world started in a garden. — • 
Long Lines Traffic Doings. 



12 



BELl/TELEPHONE-NEWvS 



WAR SERVICE 

DEPENDENTS 

TT is expected that the United States Government will make provision for the de- 
pendent families of its soldiers and sailors, but such action has not yet been taken, 
and some employes of the Company who have dependents have been called into 
military and naval service, and others will doubtless be called soon, and their pay 
from the Government will not be sufficient for the support of such dependents. 

Pending action by the United States Government this Company will provide 
temporary financial aid to dependents of employes who, with leave of absence from 
the Company for that purpose, either voluntarily or involuntarily have entered or 
do hereafter enter the military or naval service of the United States during the con- 
tinuance of the present war, such aid to be subject to the following regulations: 

The Employes' Benefit Fund Committee is authorized to make allowances to de- 
pendents of such employes in such amounts and for such periods as it may determine, 
according to the merits of each case and with due regard to the ability of such depen- 
dents to wholly or partially support themselves. 

No allowances will be made to dependents of any employes while such employes 
are receiving full or part pay from the Company. 

The regulations are to provide for the exigencies of the situation pending a more 
permanent plan which it is expected will be provided by the Nation or through a national 
fund, and all payments provided by these regulations may be terminated at any time at 
the option of the Company. 

All payments under these regulations will be charged to the expenses of the Com- 
pany and not against the Employes' Benefit Fund. 

B. E. SUNNY, 

President. 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



13 



Sixth Telegraph Battalion In Active Service 

First of Two Recruited From Telephone Ranks Off to Training Camp — Eleventh Battalion Awaits Call 



Signal corps men from the central group 
of Bell telephone companies are now in 
the military service of the United States. 

The 2*20 men who comprise the Sixth 
Telegraph Battalion, United States Re- 
serve Signal Corps, left Chicago on Satur- 
day night of July 21st and the following 
afternoon reached Fort Leavenworth, 
Kan., where they will undergo intensive 
training for a short period preparatory to 
beginning active service "somewhere." 

The other battalion which is to be or- 
ganized among employes of the central 
group, with the sanction and assistance 
of the companies, has not yet been 
called into service, but the boys are ex- 
pecting the call "any day." The complete 
personnel of this battalion is published in 
this issue of the News. 

The Sixth Battalion is made up of one 
company of employes of the Chicago Tele- 
phone Company who volunteered for the 
service, and one company of the Wisconsin 
Telephone Company's employes, likewise 
volunteers. 

The officers and men left on a special 
train at 8 p. m. A large and enthusiastic 
crowd of relatives and friends of the boys 
and telephone company's officials were 
present to bid them good-bye and God- 
speed. 

The order placing the battalion in serv- 
ice was received Thursday, July 19th. 




J » 



CAPTAIN VERGIL, E. CODE. 

Company D, which includes the Chicago 
boys, received equipment and became for- 
mally a part of Uncle Sam's fighting 
forces on the following day. Saturday 
morning the boys of Company E, under 
command of First Lieutenant D. E. Moore, 
left Milwaukee, reaching Chicago about 
noon Thev were marched to the Chicago 



Telephone Company's central garage at 
1521 West Harrison street, where arrange- 
ments had been made to issue the equip- 
ment and where the Company D men had 
received theirs the day before. First Lieu- 
tenant J. A. Brock, supply officer, and 
First Lieutenant Paul Kenny, adjutant of 
the battalion, were the two busiest men in 
the United States for three or four hours 
that afternoon. By 7 p. m. the men had 
received and put on their uniforms, and 
all other equipment— blankets, canteens, 
plates, knives and forks — had been issued 
to every man. The battalion was ready 
for duty. 

The men were applauded all along the 
line of march to the station, although they 
carried no colors and no announcement of 
their departure had been published. At 
the station where wives, children, mothers 
and sweethearts had gathered the officers 
gave the order to break ranks and for a 
short half-hour tears flowed freely. It 
was the old story of Johnny marching 
away to war, and tears fell on cheeks 
flushed both with pride and grief. 

Letters received from Fort Leavenworth 
tell of the camp life of the men who are 
well and enjoying the novel experience, 
although the weather is quite warm at this 
time. As one of the men expresses it, 
"You realize that you are in the army 
when you have been here a little while. 
Quarters are favorable and food eroa^ " 




COMPANY E, SIXTH TELEGRAPH BATALLION. 
They are all ready to leave Milwaukee for active service. Good luck to them! 



14 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Mi 



-MAJOR 



Seated- 



Eleventh Battalion Organized 

The Eleventh telegraph battalion, made 
up of Hell Telephone employes of the 
Central Group, is now recruited up to 
100 per cent, and is 
ready for the service. 
The formal order from 
the war department 
has been received, ap- 
proving the personnel 
of the battalion, and 
the assignment of of- 
ficers. At the time of 
this writing the exact 
date that the Eleventh 
will enter active serv- 
ice had not been an- 
nounced, but it is evi- 
dent that not many 
,Uys will elapse before 
liese men will be on 
the road to "some- 
where." 

Company E of the 
Eleventh battalion is 
composed entirely of 
Chicago Telephone 
men with the excep- 
tion of two lieuten- 
ants. Company D is 
made up of forty-six 
employes of the Michigan State Telephone 
Company, forty-six employes of the Cleve- 
land Telephone Company, two of the Wis- 
consin Telephone Company, and two of the 
Chicago Telephone 
Company. In each 
company are about 
twelve telegraph oper- 
ators enlisted in vari- 
ous parts of the 
territory. P o r t r a it s 
published in connec- 
tion with this article 
show many of the 
men ; others have been 
published in previous 
issues at the time of 
their acceptance by the 
government. Addition- 
al pictures will be 
printed as received. 

No selection of a 
major for the chief 
command was recom- 
mended to the govern- 
ment for the Eleventh 
battalion. It is expect- 
ed that the War De- 
partment will assign 
some experienced of- 
ficer from the Signal 
service. Captain Ver- 
gil E. Code of Chicago 
is in command of 
Company E which 
comprises the Chicago 
men. Captain William 
C. Elmore of Milwau- 
kee is in charge of 
Company D, which 
comprises mostly 



Michigan and Cleveland men. The battalion 
as a whole is made up of ninety-two Chi- 
cago men, two Wisconsin men, forty-six 
Cleveland men, forty-six Michigan men 




JOHN R. TURNER AND MEMBERS OF THE NON-COMMISSIONED 
HEADQUARTERS STAFF OF THE SIXTH BATTALION. 
Major Turner. Standing — H. B. Crowell, Arthur Sir, James A. Berry, 
James SchoIIar, R. G. McNeil. 



and twenty-three men outside of the tele- 
phone organization (telegraph operators). 
First Lieutenants Fred Norwood and Eu- 
gene J. Seguin of Chicago have been des- 




ANOTHER SCENE AT CENTRAL GARAGE, CHICAGO. 
Getting ready to leave for Fort Leavenworth. 



ignated at staff officers of the battalion. 

The Michigan correspondent of the Bell 
Telephone News writes interestingly of 
the work performed by Lieutenant Cole in 
organizing and drilling 
the men who make up 
the Michigan contin- 
gent of Company D. 
He says : 

"Through persistent 
application and a lot of 
hard work Michigan 
telephone employes, 
who but a little over a 
month ago were raw 
recruits when accepted 
by the United States 
government for the 
Signal Corps, have ac- 
quired an efficiency 
that has won the com- 
mendation of superior 
officers and of other 
military men who have 
observed t h e ir ma- 
neuvers on the drill 
grounds. 

"Perhaps honors 
should be divided be- 
tween the men and 
Lieutenant Walter G. 
Cole, who has been tireless in his efforts 
to instruct the men, as tireless as they 
themselves have been in learning. Lieuten- 
ant Cole began drilling the men about the 
middle of June with 
the assistance of 
Major John R. Turner 
of Chicago, who was 
here to help the boys 
get started, and then 
again on July 13th to 
observe the progress 
they had made. In 
the opinion of Major 
Turner and of other 
military men who have 
watched the boys work 
diligently without 
equipment and even 
without uniforms, their 
progress is little short 
of wonderful. 

"This is all the more 
gratifying in view of 
the fact that but three 
men of the entire com- 
p a n y possessed pre- 
vious military experi- 
ence, and that the rest 
were among the raw- 
est of raw recruits. A 
few weeks of study 
and drill have so com- 
pletely changed this 
state of affairs that the 
men have advanced to 
the point where any of 
them, in the judgment 
of tht lieutenant, 
would make a capable 
corporal. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



15 



"The men who have 
been drilling are De- 
troit employes of the 
Michigan State Tele- 
phone Company and a 
few who have been 
brought in from the 
state. Their work has 
consisted of drills on 
Northwestern Field 
every Saturday after- 
noon and every Tues- 
day evening, two hours 
being devoted to the 
work on each day. At 
a meeting held every 
Thursday evening in 
the offices of the engi- 
neering department, 
Lieutenant Cole lec- 
tured for an hour on 
military work and an- 
other hour was spent 
at signal practice. All 
of the men devoted 
their spare time be- 
tween meetings to a study of military mat- 
ters and absorbing what they had learned 
in the last lecture. The result is that the 
men are able to read semiphore signals as 
fast as they can be sent and have made 
considerable progress in other methods of 
signaling. They have displayed the en- 
thusiasm and pep that rapidly bridges the 
gap between the recruit and experienced 
soldier. 

"On Sunday, July 15th, the men started 
taking long hikes. The first took them 
from Log Cabin Park up Woodward ave- 
nue to Seven Mile Road 'at attention.' 
Here they fell into what is termed 'ease 
and route order' proceeding in this manner 
across Seven Mile Road to Van Dyke Road 
where they boarded street cars for the 
return trip after having covered six miles 
in about two hours. Since then the Sunday 
morning hikes have become a part of the 
regular weekly drill, the distance being in- 
creased with each hike. 

"Following the departure of Lieutenant 
Cole, July 17th, for Fort Leavenworth, 
N. R. Becker, of the equipment depart- 
ment, who had served as acting sergeant, 
took charge of the men. All continue in 
the employ of the company until called 
into active service, using spare time to pre- 
pare for the service of Uncle Sam." 

Below is printed a complete personnel 
of the battalion as approved by the War 
Department. 

Personnel of the 11th Telegraph Batta- 
lion, S. R. C. 

Major Cto be appointed by the U. S. Gov- 
ernment Signal Dept.). 

First Lieut. Fred Norwood. 
First Lieut. Eugene J. Sequin. 

HEADQUARTERS' DETACHMENT. 

« Privates. 
Carmody, Joseph Francis 
Day, Roy Joseph. 




KEN OF SIXTH TELEGRAPH BATTALION. 
Obtaining supplies at Central Garage, Chicago. 

Esler, Arthur K. 

Hyde, Laurence Frank. 

BATTALION SUPPLY DETACH- 
MENT. 
Privates. 

Barnum, Raymond V. 

Collins, Herbert Wesley. 

Eastland, Roy Herman. 

Holston, Clifford. 

Zahler, Albert A. 

COMPANY "E," 11TH TELEGRAPH 
BATTALION, S. R. C. 
Captain V. E. Code, Signal Corps, U. 
S. R. 

First Lieut. Walter E. Cole, Signal 
Corps, U. S. R. 

First Lieut. Frank M. Little, Signal 
Corps, U. S. R. 




LIEUT. WALTER G. COLE 

of Signal Reserve Corps, who trained the 
Michigan contingent of Company D. 



Fitzgerald, Thomas E. 
Field, Caldwell Edw. 
Felton, Wm. L. 
Francis, Bert Glover. 
Filley, Elmer Frank. 
Ganong, Louis F. 
Galavan, Chas. Edw. 
Gibson, Willard A. 
Golden, Felix Louis. 
Goodwin, Will Rease. 
Grant, Geo. A. 
Greenburg, Samuel. 
Hasseler, Chas. A. 
Helsten, Roland Arthur. 
Henry, Frank P. 
Hesch, Jos. John. 
Hesterman, Thos. Williard. 
Hiller, Donald Oliver. 
Hogan, James F. 
Honess, Wm. D. 
Hrack, Otto. 

Hulinger, Herbert Gilbert. 
Kessler, Wm. H. 
Kischell, Herbert B. 
Krafft, Emil F. 
Kristufek, Henry. 
Kukuk, Harold D. 
Lally, Cliff Spencer. 
Larson, Paul A. 
MacDonald, Frederick Earl. 
MacRobert, Louis Bruce. 
Malinski, Benedict Leo. 
Mangan, John H. 
Marrs, Stanley John. 
McCarthy, Wm. Harvey, Jr. 
Meyer, Fred Henry. 
Minich, Chas. J. 
Miscovic, Joseph. 
Mondt, Fred F. 
Mooney, Jos. Edw. 
Moroney, Walter Jos. 
Mueller, John H. 
Neeley, John H. 
New, Robert F. 
O'Brien, Allister Henry. 
Oestereich, Martin Carl. 



Sergeant. 
Hausheer, Lorenz J. 

Corporals. 
Fry, William W. 
Mcintosh, Stuart G. 

Privates. 
Ayers, Otho James. 
Beaumer, George A. 
Brough, Stephen C. 
Bergstrom, Melvin T. 
Bogardus, Raphael C. 
Brockmeyer, Frank X. 
Burgman, Theodore. 
Canty, Jarry. 
Carroll, Gerald M. 
Cosgrove, Michael J. 
Cline, Robt. C, Jr. 
Connelly, Harold J. 
Cannon, James Patrick 
Coyne, Patrick J. 
DeWitt, Raymond L. 
Doran, George Edw. 
Doyle, John Claude. 
Eaton, Arlington C. 
Eckenstein, Raymd. T. 
Farrell, Raymond J. 



16 



BELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 




COMPANY D, SIXTH \ 
Inserts, left to right — First Lieutenant l 
First Lieutenfcl 



Penfold, Walter Edvv. 


Privates. 


Fisher, George E. 


Powers, John Cyril. 


Becker, Neils R. 


Fisher, Owen D. 


Quinn, Leo. Chas. 


Backus, John Edward. 


Freeman, Thomas R. 


Ray nor, Leo. C. 


Barry, James Monroe 


Ganz, Frank L. 


Rio, Anthony John. 


Benner, Harry Lee. 


Gates, Lawrence N. 


Robertson, John Robt. 


Biales, Louis B. 


Gedman, Paul. 


Roesen, Adolph. 


Bishop, Allie J. 


Goss, William Earl. 


Rouse, George Earl. 


Boughton, Andrew A. 


Griffiths, John Stanley. 


Rush, Jos. Frank. 


Branch, Harold L. 


Grohoske, Leonard. 


Rush. Albert G. 


Buckley, John James. 


Helmreich, Louis P. 


Sacks, Chas. C. 


Burton, George Tremble. 


Harper, Robert W. 


Sewell, Bryon Ellisworth. 


Butler, Gordon Ralph. 


Hawkins, Ralph. 


Schmidt, Chas. Francis. 


Campau, Harry L. 


Hanzi, Carl. 


Sherman Dean Leroy. 


Campbell, John Joseph. 


Henson, Floyd M. 


Shields, Homer L. 


Cheesmond, Melvin R. 


Heinzelman, Willis 


Slattery, Thos. J. 


Conway, Edwin S. 


Heffran, Homer Jos. 


Sobieski, Wm. P. 


Collins, Milton S. 


Haugan, Earl J. 


Sorensen, John Irving. 


Creps, Calvin S. 


Herberger, Robt. Michael. 


Stothard, Edwin E. 


Devlin, John Chas. M. 


Hill, Luther Beamon. 


Stockhausen, Philip. 


Draheim, Wm. J. F. 


Ingalsbe, Orville C. 


Teeter, Jesse R. 


Ducat, Chas. Exea. 


Jackson, F. G. 


Thilmont, Elmer Henry. 


Emley, Paul L. 


Jackson, Harry Webster. 


Thweatt, Caldwell E. 


Faflick, Carl. 


Johnston, Alex. 



Vorsheim, Fred Wm. 

Westcott, Paul. 

Wallin, Gus. 

Wilmsen, Martin. 

Wortman, Elmer F. 

Woods, William T. 

Yarrington, Thos. 

Zelenka, Frank J. 
COMPANY "D," 11TH TELEGRAPH 
BATTALION, S. R. C. 

Captain Wm. C. Elmore, Signal Corps, 
U. S. R. 

First Lieut. Chas. F. Moran, Signal 
Corps, U. S. R. 

First Lieut. Fred Borden, Signal Corps, 
U. S. R. 

Sergeant. 
Richardson, John H. 

Corporals. 
Bradley, Chas. A. 
Brown, Earl J. 




COMPANY E, SIXTH 
Inserts— First Lieutenrfnt D. E. Moore, left; First Lieutenant H. E. Wightman, right. 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



17 




VPH BATTALION. 
Helmer; Captain L. B. Boy lan; 
Hoover. 



Kain, Joseph A. 
Keady, John Walter. 
Klix, Gerhardt John. 
Kelley, John A. 
Kirk, Claude. 
Lacher, Harold. 
Lanchester, Lloyd L. 
Leech, LeRoy E. 
Lehman, Stewart. 
Long, James. 
Lawson, Merwin. 
Markwardt, William F. 
McHugh, Miles T. 
Maclean, Frederic, Jr. 
Mylor, Clarence A. 
Mylor, James Francis. 
Montroy, Jos. Edmund. 
Miller, Warden D. 
McClendon, Rosst. 
Xachtigall, Edward F. 
Nolan, Raymond L. 
O'Brien, Stephen M. 
Partie, Frank C. 



Polear, Edwin S. 
Rogers, Fred William 
Rose, Myron H. 
Rough, William Henry. 
Roonan, John J. 
Rice, Oswald J. 
Ryan, Jerry Cornelius. 
Read, George Alvin. 
Stock, Arthur L. 
Smith, Wesley. 
Schempp, Harry Frederick. 
Seitz, Carmon C. 
Skinner, Tristrim L., Jr. 
Slocum, Fred H. 
Spall, George G. 
Thiell, Glen Howard. 
Turk, Elihu C. 
Turner, Laurence E. 
Vine, Aleck C. 
Walters, Ralph E. 
Wardell, Claude. 
Wilson, Everette G. 
Washburn, Joe Calvert. 




West, James Morrison. 
Whittaker, J. John A. 
Wolfe, Frank H. 
Walsh, Clement J. 
Walkup, Guy Leopold. 
Zigler, W. Gage. 



M*H BATTALION. 

ograph shows aDout one-half of the company, the rest being at "mess" when it was taken. 



Notes of Soldiers 

Richard E. Walsh, private branch ex- 
change foreman, Chicago plant department, 
has received his commission as captain of 
the signal reserve corps. It had been ex- 
pected that Captain Walsh would be placed 
in charge of Company E of the Sixth 
Telegraph Battalion, but at the time of the 
departure this assignment had not been 
made. Captain Walsh was ordered to 
Fort Leavenworth and went on the special 
train with the battalion. 

Captain Walsh served as a private in the 
Spanish-American War. He was a mem- 
ber of Company G, Seventh Illinois Infan- 
try. For the past five years he had been 
a lieutenant in Company H, Seventh Illi- 
nois Infantry. He has been with the Chi- 
cago Telephone Company for twenty 
years as testman, repairman, installer and 
foreman. 

Fred Borden, first lieutenant, signal re- 
serve corps, has been ordered to report for 
active duty. He left Milwaukee for Fort 
Leavenworth July 19th. Mr. Borden is 
manager for the Wisconsin Telephone 
Company at Oconomowoc. 

William C. Elmore, equipment man, has 
received his commission as captain, U. S. 
Signal Reserve Corps. He was ordered to 
report for active duty July 18th. 

The entertainment given on July 30th 
at Medinah Temple, Chicago, by and for 
the men of Company D, netted the com- 
pany fund $1,100. This money will form 
a nucleus of a company fund to purchase 



18 



BELL TELEPHONE-NEW^ 






'4 •» / 



Win. Markwordt Geo. A. Reed 
Detroit Detroit 




tf. ■/. Heffron 
Detroit 



Herbert Collins Wm. II. Rough 



In trait 



Detroit 



R. II. Hawkins 
Detroit 




T. L. Skinner, Jr. 
Cleveland. 



A. Anderson 
Waupaca 



L. Grohoske 
Cleveland 



J. J. Whittaker 
Cleveland 



L. E. Turner laymond V. Barnum 
Cleveland Cleveland 



C. Warden 
Detroit 



F. Lichtfuss 
Milwaukee 




L. B. Biales 
Cleveland 



J. J. Roonan 
Cleveland 



Harry L. Benner S. Jacobson 
Ft. Wayne Madison 



L. L. Lancaster Clarence A. Mylor 



Cleveland 



Cleveland 



E. G. Wilson 
Grand Rapids 





Fred W. Rogers 
Detroit 



N. R. A. Becker 
Detroit 





James F. Mylor 
Cleveland 



C. Washburn 
Detroit 



Myron H. Rose 
Cleveland 



R. H. Eastland 
Detroit 



Harry Jackson 
Detroit 



comforts and conveniences not reg- 
ularly supplied by the government. 

The mobilization and departure 
from Milwaukee of Company E was 
pronounced by the officers to have 
been 100 per cent efficient. Major 
Turner complimented the officers 
and men on their splendid work in 
the first active move since their or- 
ganization. This company at the 
time of departure had no captain 
assigned and was under the command of 
First Lieutenant D. E. Moore. First Lieu- 
tenant Daniel Wightman was also assigned 
to Company E, but did not join the com- 
mand until it left Chicago. 

P. A. Starck, of the Starck Piano Com- 
pany, 210 South Wabash avenue, Chicago, 
has made the men of Company D a pres- 
ent of a Grafanola talking machine. The 
machine went to camp with the boys and 
no doubt will give them a great deal 
of pleasure and entertainment. 

Due to an error in checking the por- 
traits, several of the Michigan employes 
who have enlisted in the signal reserve 
corps were incorrectly designated in the 
July issue of the Bell Telephone News. 





E. J. Madden 
Green Bay 



E. Stouthamer 
Milwaukee 



G. S. Burton 
Detroit 



These portraits are republished in this is- 
sue with the correct designations. 

Chief Engineer W. R. McGovern, who 
organized the Signal Corps Reserve, has 
received good news from the boys now 
in camp at Fort Leavenworth. Major 
Turner reports that all arrived in fine 
shape. The Major ordered the train 
stopped twice during the day, to give the 
men exercise. For about fifteen minutes 
they marched at double quick time, which 
was a welcome relief from the monotony 
of the train ride. 

On their arrival at the fort the boys 
received numerous compliments on their 
military appearance and formation. The 
Major marched the entire battalion into 



the post in a column of squads. The 
men are well quartered and good 
food is provided. They are contented, 
and their comfort and welfare are 
looked after carefully by Major 
Turner and the military authorities 
of the fort. Not a single case of 
sickness has been reported in spite 
of the hot weather. 

Mrs. Moore, superintendent of the 
operators' school, has received letters 
from her son, Lieutenant Daniel E. Moore, 
containing interesting accounts of the 
doings at the Fort. 



Company D Auxiliary 

In the interest of the men of Company 
D, Sixth Telegraph Battalion, a permanent 
organization was formed on July 12th at 
a meeting held at the home of Mrs. E. G. 
Carter, 6359 Kimbark avenue, Chicago. 
Mrs. Carter is the mother of Captain L. B. 
Boylan of Company D. 

Officers were elected and plans were 
made to contribute in every way possible 
to the comfort and well-being of the men 
of the company. A meeting will be held 



6ELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



19 



every Thursday at 10 a. m. Some of the 
things to be supplied are sewing kits, 
pajamas, knitted sweaters and knitted 
wristlets. Dues for membership in the 
auxiliary were fixed at $1, the funds to be 
used for the purchase of materials for the 
Thursday meetings and for home work. 
Membership in the auxiliary is open to all 
women interested in Company D. Many 
women in Woodlawn and other parts of 
the city have become members on account 
of their desire to do work for a definite 
unit in the service. They are assured that 
the results of their work are for the benefit 
of their own friends and relatives either 
in the training camps or on foreign soil. 
The officers of Company D Auxiliary are 
as follows : 

President, Mrs. E. G. Carter, 6459 Kim- 
bark avenue. 

Vice-president, Mrs. B. L. Darby, 6343 
Kimbark avenue. 

Corresponding secretary, Mrs. G. W. 
Payson, 6648 Kenwood avenue. 

Recording secretary', Miss Thirza Riggs, 
1544 East 61st street. 

Treasurer, Mrs. J. B. Pitts, 710 Wash- 
ington avenue, Wilmette. 

The Chicago Telephone Company has do- 
nated the use of rooms at the old Hyde 
Park exchange building, 5723 Dorchester 
avenue, for the Thursday meetings. Mem- 
bers are invited to bring picnic lunches 
and remain all day if convenient. On July 
19th about thirty women spent the entire 
day cutting articles which were taken 
home for finishing. These included twenty 
pairs of outing flannel pajamas and about 
three dozen khaki sewing kits. The en- 
thusiasm, and the amount of work accom- 
plished at the first meeting was a source 
of great satisfaction to the promoters of 
the auxiliary- The departure of the men 
for the training camp will no doubt add 
impetus to the work. All mothers, sisters 
or other relatives of the men of Company 
D are urged to communicate with the offi- 
cers and join the auxiliary. 



Tell Weight of Poles 

Men who have become used to handling 
telephone and telegraph poles are able to 
tell almost exactly the weight of a pole 
that has been properly seasoned. The 
poles which are found to be much heavier 
than the expert's estimate have not been 
properly seasoned, for the extra weight is 
due to sap still in the wood. 



Methusaleh 

Lived longer than any other man. 
Yet we do not read of any achievement 
of his. 

"What he would like to have done" and 
"the good old times" probably figured 
largely in his conversation. 

Fancy ! One thousand years, and then 
struck out with his score-card blank. 

Tt is not how long we live, but what 
we do that counts. 

Let's do things. 



Death of Roy V. Johnson 

His many friends throughout the Bell 
System will learn with sorrow of the death 
of Roy V. Johnson, copy manager of the 
publicity department, of the Central Group 
of Bell Telephone Companies. 

Mr. Johnson came to Chicago a few 




ROY V. JOHNSON. 



years ago from Dayton, Ohio, where he 
had served acceptably on the staffs of the 
different papers. He quickly found work 
in his chosen field in Chicago and made 
many friends in the newspaper fraternity 
here. When the Chicago Inter Ocean was 
merged with the Herald. Mr. Johnson 
made application to the Chicago headquar- 
ters of the Central Group of the Bell Sys- 
tem for a position in the publicity depart- 
ment. He was employed and the highest 
tribute that can be paid to anyone was 
earned by him : "He made good." 

Mr. Johnson was a hard, conscientious, 
tireless worker; he knew no "hours"; his 
work began when he started on a problem 
and stopped only when it was completed. 
In two years he won the regard and 
friendship not only of his immediate as- 
sociates but of all with whom he came in 
contact. Amongst newspaper men he was 
held in high and honorable esteem. His 
family life was happy with a wife whom 
he cherished deeply. 

On July 11th he was stricken with what 
at the outset seemed a slight indisposi- 
tion, but which turned out to be the fore- 
runner of a fatal illness. His heart failed 
on July 18th and he passed on quietly, 
painlessly. 

On Friday, July 20th, he was borne from 
his mother's house in Miamisburg, Ohio, 
the home of his boyhood, to the cemetery, 
his task finished, the forms closed, the 
last edition off to press, the day's work 
done — and well done. 



Operator Traps Suspect 

The ingenuity of Miss May Jordan, tele- 
phone operator at the Commercial Acid 
Company of East St. Louis, 111., caused the 
arrest of Francis E. Millett, a former em- 
ploye, suspected of plotting to blow up the 
plant, one of the largest manufacturing 
establishments of government explosives. 

The police found among Millett's effects 
an Austrian coat of arms, insignia of the 
Red Cross to be worn on cap and sleeve, 
and calling cards representing Millett to be 
a Franciscan monk. 

Millett had been calling up the plant al- 
most daily asking whether "the explosion" 
had occurred. When he called recently 
Miss Jordan held him in conversation for 
thirty minutes while August T. Bahr, a 
special guard, traced the call, motored to 
St. Louis and arrested Millett in a store 
at Fourteenth street and Park avenue. 

The man was still talking to Miss Jor- 
dan when arrested. Every previous effort 
to locate Millett had been futile. 



Why Hand-Rails on Stairs? 

The majority of us, subconsciously, no 
doubt, have come to look upon hand-rails 
on stairways as a conventional decoration 
— a sort of finishing off, as it were. Yet 
last year 1,149 people were killed and more 
than 4,000 crippled in the United States 
alone on stairways. High heels and run- 
down heels are largely responsible for 
stairway accidents, as well as trailing 
skirts. But in almost every instance the 
use of the hand-rail could have saved the 
victims of last year's stairway casualties. 
Hand-rails are intended for use, and ac- 
cordingly should be firmly grasped when 
going down stairs, no matter how confi- 
dent one may be. — Scientific American. 



Attention, Garden Association 

A Michigan reader of . the Bell Tele-, 
phone News thus expresses his dire fore- 
bodings of the probable results of garden- 
ing activities by employes of the Chicago 
Telephone Company: • 

Many are the backs that are weary to- 
night, 

From using the spade and the hoe ; 
Many are the men who are straining 
their sight 
Watching for the stuff to grow. 
Planting tonight, planting tonight, 
planting in the 
Old back yard. 



Courtesy 

Pays big dividends, sweetens lives, 
makes and keeps friendships, opens the 
door to countless opportunities, is a big 
asset in "making good." 

Let's be courteous. 



20 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 




GLIMPSES OP RECREATION SPOTS A-TOP THE TELEPHONE BUILDINGS. 
Two upper views were taken on roof of Main office, Chicago. Middle left — Covered recreation room at Indianapolis. Middle right 
—At Central office, Chicago. Lower left— On the Bell Telephone Building, Chicago. Lower right— At Main office, Cleveland. 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



21 



Of Interest to Our Girls 



Conducted by Mrs. F. E. Dewhurst 



The Importance of Swimming 

"Women should learn to swim," says 
W. B. Burnham, expert swimming in- 
structor, at the new Detroit University 
School. 

In these days of city life it is becoming 
more and more recognized that health de- 
mands that women as well as men should 
pay some attention to athletic exercise, 
and here swimming offers the best possible 
form, as it is not too severe, and instead 
of tending to make the body too angular 
it will develop the form symmetrically. 
Girls are no longer kept under glass cases. 
They receive from childhood practically the 
same athletic training as boys. They are 
encouraged to take part in all sorts of out- 
door sports, and, thanks to this admirable 
system of physical education, they grow up 
strong, healthy and vigorous. 

While swimming is probably the oldest 
pastime known, it is curious that this most 
useful science should have been so much 
neglected by the American people. Swim- 
ming is practically as necessary as walk- 
ing and every one should feel at home in 
the water. Millions of people are trans- 
ported on river crafts every year and ac- 
cidents occur continually. Every day, in 
every country, lives are sacrificed. Let us 
all help to decrease the number of deaths 
by drowning. To do this we must acquire 
the knowledge of the art ourselves before 
we can be of any service to the unfortunate 
person who cannot swim. To save a 
person from drowning requires courage and 
ability. Many have the courage, but lack 
the ability. The annual death toll in the 
waters of the United States is between six 
and seven thousand lives, including sui- 
cides. Most of the drownings occur dur- 
ing the summer bathing and boating season. 

Everybody can learn to swim. Confi- 
dence is the keynote. If you will stop to 
consider that the human body is lighter 
than water you will realize that any one 
totally unafraid and able to reason should 
have no trouble in staying afloat indefi- 
nitely, even motionless, provided the proper 
position is assumed and breath is taken 
only when the mouth is above the surface 
of the water. Unfortunately, the non- 
swimmer becomes panicky and cannot 
think. Remember that fear, and not know- 
ing how to breathe, drown more people 
than cramps. Do not attempt to rescue 
another in the water unless you can swim 
yourself. Don't go swimming from a boat 
when far from shore where the boat 
can drift away from you. Keep out 
of over-crowded boats and away from a 
foolhardy, inexperienced oarsman. Use 
an oar on the fool who rocks the 
boat. In wading keep your hands down. 
Stepping into a hole with the arms up will 



send you to the bottom. Women are bet- 
ter swimmers than men. Their bones are 
lighter than those of men and this makes 
it easier for them. Place almost any woman 
in the water and she is able to float unless 
she gets excited and kicks around. Women 
have a decided physical advantage over 
men because they are not so likely to be- 
come exhausted under the continued strain 
attendant upon swimming for several 
hours. One might cite no end of in- 
stances in which women won victories over 
men in open marathon contests. Muscles 
kept firm and flexible by constant exercises 
ward off decrepitude, and senility seeks in 
vain for a crevice through which to creep. 
To swim much and correctly is a preven- 
tive against tuberculosis, because to swim 
correctly it is necessary to breathe prop- 
erly. The lodgment of germs in blood 
that is thoroughly oxygenated is next to 
impossible. Every girl with protruding 
collar bones and incurving shoulder blades 
should visit a swimming pool. Beginners 
should be taught by a competent teacher, 
otherwise bad habits will be formed, tend- 
ing to retard skill and making danger for 
the swimmer. 



Up In the Air 

In these days when we hear so much 
about "conservation" we want you to look 
at some of our successful efforts to save 
the spaces up in the air. For many years 
the tops of the big skyscrapers were as 
lonely as the desert of Sahara ; now some 
of them begin to blossom as the rose, and 
gazing down from high points in the cities 
we catch glimpses of an occasional oasis 
which is quite surprising because as yet so 
much of a novelty. 

For the most part these uninhabited parts 
of the earth, these dreary stretches of ugly, 
flat roofs where only the adventurous cat 
roams for pleasure, are used for no pur- 
pose except to cover the buildings with 
suitable roofs. There is an old saying that, 

"Whoever could make two ears of corn 
or two blades of grass to grow upon a spot 
of ground where only one grew before, 
would deserve better of mankind and do 
more essential service to his country than 
the whole race of politicians put together." 

That was written a long time ago. Now 
we are making grass and even flowers and 
palms grow where not one bit of vegeta- 
tion was dreamed of and, moreover, we 
are opening up the airy spaces for the 
workers down in the city where not a foot 
of earth can be found for a recreation 
spot. 

Sometimes we wonder if all our girls 
have caught the conservation spirit in us- 
ing these roof gardens. So many of them 



seem to prefer to stand and talk in the 
locker rooms. Perhaps they have not 
learned the value of minutes; fifteen min- 
utes seems a little time to bother with, go- 
ing out on the roof, and they stop and talk 
with each other in the passageway or shut 
themselves up in a telephone booth. But 
a talk on the roof can be twice as delight- 
ful, and filling the lungs with fresh air 
will make the work go better. Minutes 
are much like pennies — most insignificant, 
but it pays to save them, and we never 
think of throwing pennies away just be- 
cause they are the smallest coin. We do 
throw our minutes away. Our roof gar- 
dens are a good place to invest minutes in. 
Ten minutes dropped into the bank on the 
roof will bring interest at ten per cent. 

Try it these hot days ! Use the little 
spot which makes it possible for you to 
look out over the tops of the buildings 
where you can forget work and see the 
sky. At night you can see the lights of 
the city and above you the stars — who 
would miss that rest period then, up in the 
air? 



Edgewater Prize Money for Red 
Cross Work 

When Edgewater office at Chicago was 
gathering in prizes in 1912 for best stand- 
ing in service, no one dreamed that in 
1917 the girls would be voting to apply 
that money to the Red Cross work. They 
had planned to accumulate enough prize 
money to do something big in decorating 
their office with some work of art or in 
having a happy jubilee party to celebrate 
their victories. , But now the $100 looks 
too big to spend on self and it was unani- 
mously voted to give it to the aid of our 
soldiers through the Red Cross. Nearly 
all of the supervisors and operators who 
were in the office when the prizes were 
won were consulted and the general wish 
was to use the money in this way. Cer- 
tainly such patriotism and unselfishness 
will be appreciated by all. The prize for 
good service will go to help in a service 
of the most beautiful kind. 



An Instrument of Precision 

Accuracy is one of the most necessary 
qualifications of the present-day business 
girl — or so it would appear from the fol- 
lowing conversation overheard the other 
day in the park : "So I answered the 
'phone, and he said, Ts Mr. X there?' and 
I said, 'Yes, do you want to see him?' and 
then what do you think he said? He said, 
'My dear girl, this is not a telescope; this 
is a telephone.'" — Manchester (England) 
Guardian. 



22 



BELLTELEPHONE-NEWJ 



VARIETY OF NEJV FROCKS INCREASES THEIR 
POPULARITY WITH HOME DRESSMAKERS 

So Many Charming Designs that Every Taste May Be Suited — Elegant Embroideries Executed in 

Chenille and Braid — Unusual Ideas in Fall Millinery. 




7376. 



Top Row, reading from left to right: Blue cashmere and dot Bottom' Row, reading from left to right: Gray satin cloth 
ted foulard; check serge and dark brown satin and a dark gray trimmed with braid and featuring a vest of black satin; straight 

line frock in pebble crepe trimmed ivith braid and fringe and a dust 
-red crepe braided in elegant design. 



cotton voile with plaid taffeta. 

The fashions shown above are Pictorial Review designs. Numbers 
and sizes are as follows: 

Top Row: Dress No. 7238. Sizes. 16 to 20 years. Costume No. 
7123. Sizes, 16 to 20 years. Costume No. 7392. Sizes, 16 to 20 years. 



Bottom Row: Blouse No. 7385. Sizes. 34 to 44 inches bust. 
No. 7216. Sizes, 22 to 32 inches waist. Dress No. 7317. Sizes, 
20 years. Costume No. 
number, 20 cents. 



Skirt 
16 to 



By Maude Hall 

Women who do their own dressmaking 
are elated over the variety of styles for 
early fall, although the advance models 



have only begun to appear. Not only will 
it be possible to suit every taste, but with 
so many designs to choose from the 
woman who has not had extensive experi- 



7376. Sizes, 16 to 20 years. Price of each 

ence in sewing will find frocks which she 
can copy with success. Strongly featured 
among the new styles are one and two- 
piece dresses, while the revival of the 



HELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



23 



three-piece costume is predicted. For the 
present the balance of favor hangs heav- 
ily in the direction of the straight-line 
frock, but departures from this silhouette 
take the form of pockets which stand 
away from the figure, or of low draperies. 
The latter are never pronounced, but they 
are trimmed quite frequently with embroid- 
ery of simple design elegantly executed in 
chenile or braid. 

Still another creation in rust brown has 
a low drapery at the side of the skirt, 
effectively stitched with silk braid in self- 
color. The skirt is gathered to a bodice 
with low-cut neck filled in with a vest of 
white chiffon cloth and braided over its 
entire surface. The modish braiding pat- 
terns are so simple in character that any- 
one can carry them out and the women 
who cannot afford to duplicate either of 
the designs described in the original ma- 
terials may substitute voile, satin or silk. 
There are wonderful new things in satins, 
silks and velvets, many of them reason- 
ably inexpensive. The general under- 
standing is that fabrics for fall will re- 
main supple, though among the novelties 
are satins which have considerable body 
and weight ; these, however, may be re- 
served for tailleurs and topcoats of dressy 
character. 

Many of the simpler dresses are in jump- 
er, smock or surplice style and there is a 
decided liking for the waist in which the 
front may be crossed at the belt and car- 
ried around the figure to be tied in sash ef- 
fect at the back. Sometimes, though the 
ends are brought back to the front and 
crossed only once in a makeshift knot 
which is graceful in its negligence. 

Long-waisted frocks in one or two ma- 
terials are practical and always stylish. 
Some stunning effects are shown in blue 
men's wear serge. 

For a dress that is eminently smart 
without being expensive, no fabrics are 
more to be commended than the crepes 
with pebble back. Desirable also are the 
crepes ornamented with jacquard figures 
simulating Chinese embroidery, both in the 
nature of the designs and in the width 
of the spacings. 

Cotton fabrics are so lovely that they 
will be worn throughout the fall and win- 
ter, especially for house affairs. A fea- 
ture of the new cottons is the combination 
of weaves — for instance voile with a fancy 
woven border. So finely woven are some 
of the cotton voiles that they approximate 
chiffons. Other combinations are filete 
weaves with organdy, muslin with voile 
and crepe stripes and borders on voile and 
muslin. 

In the midst of summer we have autumn, 
as far as millinery is . concerned. The 
straw hat is a thing of the past with the 
well-dressed woman, so that every smart 
costume is topped by a hat either of velvet 
or satin. While there are many small 
shapes for street and general wear, the 



tendency is toward large hats for dressy 
occasions. 



Lessons for the Home Embroiderer 

By KATHRYN MUTTERER 

Prepared for the Bell Telephone News 
by the Pictbrial Review 



With these designs, which represent the 
latest forms of dress-ornamentation, the 
woman desirous to impart to her gowns 
a touch of individuality, may do so to her 
heart's content. The serpentine lines of 
two of the designs permit braiding, bead 
or solid embroidery. Pattern No. 12320 
is a dainty design for beads combined with 
a little solid embroidery. 

For dress-materials of every description, 
linen, pongee or worsteds, the bold cross- 
stitch designs make effective trimmings. 
One or more colors may be employed in 
the development, the color scheme how- 
ever depending upon the background. 
Vivid shades of red, blue, gold and green 
combine well on ecru, pongee or black, 
while softer tones are pretty on white 
and very delicate colors. 

According to the fabric upon which the 
embroidery is to be made, rope silk, fibre 
silk, twisted embroidery cotton, wool, 




Method of Sewing Beads. 




Cross-stitch. 



chenille, metal threads and even raffia may 
be employed. While the latter is not exact- 
ly to be considered for dress-trimming 
purposes, very handsome effects may be 
obtained with this crude medium on bur- 
lap and loosely woven cotton materials, 
which make ideal hangings for summer 
houses. For these brightly colored raffia 
embroidery may be introduced with most 
artistic results. 

These designs are especially adaptable 
as the motifs may be used separately. For 
cross-stitch embroidery it is advisable to 
work all the stitches running in one direc- 
tion first as there is then no danger of 
having some of the upper stitches running 
in opposite directions. 




No. 12827— Blue or Yellow. 



Cross stitch is so simp'e that every 
child should know how to make it, yet it 
is one of the most artistic of the embroid- 
ery stitches. It may be worked on a 
stamped pattern or through cross-stitch 
canvas. The threads of the latter after- 



No. 12320— Blue or Yellow. 

wards are pulled out. A coarse thread 
usually is the prettiest. Begin by bringing 
the thread and needle up through the ma- 
terial at the lower right corner of the 
stitch to be worked. Cross to the upper 
left corner, there pass the needle down 
and up again at the lower left corner. 
Cross to the upper right corner and pass 
the needle down there. All the stitches 
are made in this manner. 



"Blue Bell" Lace 

This attractive lace design was the 
original work of Miss Hazel Sharp, a 
local operator for the Milwaukee Tele- 
phone Company at Superior, Wis. Direc- 
tions. 

First row — Ch. 9. ldc. in 7th st. from 
needle. Ch. 2, 3dc. in last st. of ch. Ch. 
2, 3dc. in same st. Ch. 5, turn. 

Second row — 3dc. in shell, ch. 2, 3dc. 
in same. Ch. 2, ldc. in next. Ch. 2, ldc. 
in ch. 3. Ch. 3, turn. 

Third row — ldc. in dc. Ch. 2, 3dc. in 
shell, ch. 2, 3dc. in same. Ch. 2, 8dc. in 5 
ch. Ch. 5, turn, 9dc. Ch. 3, turn. lldc. 
ch. 3, turn, 6dc. ch. 5, join to 1st st. of 
ch. 6dc, 

Fourth row — Ch. 8, 3dc. in shell, ch. 2, 
3dc. in same. Ch. 2, ldc. ch. 2, ldc. ch. 3, 
turn. Repeat. 




Blue Bell Lace. 



24 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NDWJ 



Illinois Workmen's Compensation 
Act Amended 

Amendments to the State Workmen's 
Compensation law of Illinois effective as 
of June 30th, are of interest as the Chi- 
cago Telephone Company is operating un- 
der this law. The amendments specifically 
provide for children of employes receiving 
accident disability benefits, and for 
children of employes who meet with 
accidental death in the course of 
their work. 

The compensation law, prior to 
the amendments, provided that 
employes injured in the course of /; 
their work should receive during 
the length of their disability, and 
beginning with the eighth day of 
disability, 50 per cent, of their aver- 
age weekly wage. The law as 
amended provides for the 50 per 
cent, of the average weekly wage 
and an additional 5 per cent, for 
each child under sixteen years de 
pendent upon the injured employe, 
until a total of 65 per cent, is 
reached ; in other words, for not 
more than three children under 
sixteen years of age. 

The law provided for compensa- 
tion for accidental death suffered 
in the course of employment, the 
compensation amounting to four times the 
average annual earnings of the employe, 
with a minimum of $1,650, and a maximum 
of $3,500. The amendment to the law pro- 
vides additional compensation for the 
widow and dependent children of the em- 
ploye under the age of sixteen. In the 
case of one child, the minimum is to be 
increased by $100. In the case of two or 
more children, the minimum is to be in- 
creased by $200, making a total of $1,850. 
The maximum is increased by $250 for 
one child under sixteen years and by $500 
for two or more children under the age 
of sixteen, making the total maximum 
$4,000 in the case of a widow and 
two or more children under the 
age of sixteen. 

This more liberal compensation 
for employes' accidental injuries or 
death suffered in the course of em- 
ployment, is a splendid indication 
of the spirit of the times. Civiliza- 
tion and humanity demand that 
those who through accident are 
unable longer to earn their living, 
should receive adequate provision 
for their support and for the 
maintenance of their dependents. 
The facts mentioned are given 
merely as items of information to 
employes of the Chicago Telephone 
Company for while, as stated, the 
company is operating under the 
Workmen's Compensation Law, it 
is also operating under the Em- 
ployes' Benefit Plan, which in most 
cases pays to the injured employe 
more than the law, as amended. 



Medal to Mr. Vail 

In 1877, when there was only a Bell 
telephone and no system, the commercial 
problems involved in the initiation and 
development of the great public service 
which has linked together the people of 
this continent were talk.ed over with Theo- 
dore N. Vail. In 1878 Mr. Vail corn- 




years of wonderful service, and April 30th 
marked the end of a decade of his chief- 
tainship. 

During that ten years the development 
of the Bell Telephone System, scientifically 
and practically, has been the admiration 
of the world. It is rare that it is given 
to a man to accomplish and see such a 
fruition of his own ground work — 
to see such a wonderful vision of 
his youth in full realization, the 
result of his own imagination and 
foresight, and his own constructive 
and administrative genius. 

That the completion of these 
periods might not be unmarked, 
and to furnish an opportunity to 
wish him success and happiness in 
years to come, some of his old 
friends and associates made him 
their guest for the evening of April 
30, and as a souvenir of the occa- 
sion a medal was presented. 



OBVERSE OF MEDAL. TO THEODORE N. VAIL. 

menced his official connection with the 
corporation organized to undertake that 
development, and in the years immediately 
following, under his direction and in ac- 
cordance with his plans, the foundation 
for the great business was laid. Since 
then, although he has not been continu- 
ously officially connected with the system, 
his watchful thought for its interests has 
never ceased and his voice has been heeded 
in council. On April 30, 1907, by election 
to the Presidency of the American' Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Company, he be- 
came the executive head of the system. 
Therefore, 1917 marks the end of forty 



fO'frlrf.ai'1'M 



i 



Qliff-OftTrlr" 



»<OVN$£LO 




Pioneers' Meeting 
Postponed 

The annual meeting of the Tele- 
phone Pioneers of America sched- 
uled for the fall, will not be held. 
An announcement to the members 
follows : 

"New York, July 10, 1917. 
"To the Members, 

"Telephone Pioneers of America : 
"The imperative calls and necessities of 
the war in which our nation is now in- 
volved have taken many telephone men 
from their regular vocational duties, and 
it is more than probable that during the 
months to come many more may simi- 
larly be called away. 

"In these circumstances and under such 
conditions, it has seemed to your execu- 
tive committee which has devoted much care 
and through to the subject, and has con- 
ferred with officers of the American Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Company and 
associated companies, that it is in- 
expedient at present, or in the im- 
mediate future, to hold the usual 
annual and general meeting, and it 
has accordingly been decided by the 
said committee that such meeting 
be postponed, pending the develop- 
ment of more favorable conditions. 
Theo. N. Vail, President. 
R. H. Starrett, Secretary. 



REVERSE OF MEDAL TO THEODORE N. VAIL. 



A Carbon Copy 

A colored lady on a rural line in 
the vicinity of Little Rock, Arkan- 
sas, while talking to her dearest 
friend over the telephone said to 
the amusement of others on the 
party line: "Dat baby of you's," 
said Mrs. Jackson, "am de puffect 
image ob his fathah." "Yas," an- 
swered Mrs. Johnson, "he am a 
reg'lar carbon copy." — Southwest- 
ern Telephone News. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



25 




Member National Safety Council 
Member American Museum of Safety 



SOME DOQS 
FOR THE 



BITEI LOOK OUT 
STRANGE DOG 



" UNLOADED " GUNS AND "DEAD" 
WIRES ARE OFTEN DANGEROUS 



LADDERS HAVE NO SENSE! USE YOUR 
OWN AND PREVENT ACCIDENTS 



To Prevent Automobile Accidents 

Those of us who drive automobiles, 
whether company-owned machines or not, 
are all anxious to prevent accidents to our- 
selves, to those riding with us and to oth- 
ers. Of the recent accidents reported, all 
were preventable, indicating either abso- 
lute disregard for safety or an error in 
judgment. 

If we would prevent accidents, it must 
be understood, of course, that' persons 
other than employes must not be allowed to 
ride on company vehicles, unless they have 
occasion to do so for a purpose with 
which the company is concerned ; that all 
passengers in an automobile must be seated 
before the vehicle starts, in a place where 



they cannot be thrown easily from the ve- 
hicle, and that they must remain seated 
until the vehicle stops. To many of us 
who have been riding in automobiles for 
some time, this may seem an unnecesasry 
precaution. However, it is a fact that 
many serious accidents result from getting 
on and off of moving vehicles, or from be- 
ing thrown from the vehicles. It is the 
duty of the driver and supervisory em- 
ployes to insist that all persons who ride 
in vehicles in their charge take every pre- 
caution to protect themselves. 

If automobile drivers will observe the 
following suggestions, the chance for col- 
lision between their machine and other ve- 
hicles will be materially lessened : 



Before crossing a track at a street in- 
tersection, look both ways ; have your 
automobile under absolute control so that 
it can be stopped before reaching the 
track if there is a street car coming. 

When driving alongside a street car 
track, never turn into the track or drive 
close to it without first looking to see if 
a street car is coming. 

Use more than ordinary care in driving 
out of buildings, yards or alleys, especially 
when driving onto streets where there are 
car tracks. 

Remember that you cannot depend on 
the other fellow, be he automobile driver 
or motorman. You are required to observe 
just as much care in driving your machine 




THE RIGHT AND WRONG WAY TO CRANK AN AUTOMOBILE. 



His 



On the left Is shown the wrong way. Notice the man's hand grasping the crank handle tightly, pushing down on the crank, 
legs are r.ot in the clear. If a back-fire occurs, the crank will kick against his hand and probably strike his leg also. 

The illustration on the right shows the correct way to stand when cranking a car. Notice the crank grasped tightly, legs in the clear, 
and left hand supported by right front mud guard. If the engine does back-fire, the crank will be pushed out of his hand and will make 
one complete revolution before it can strike him; before It can do this his arm will be out of the way. 

In the insert is shown the way the spark and throttle levera should be set when cranking; spark lever retarded as far as it will 
go; throttle open about one-quarter of the distance of the quadrant — the half circln on which the lever is operated. The position of 
these levers may vary somewhat with the different machines, but this is the position to have them in when you start, if you would pre- 
vent accidents. 



26 



BEL1/TELEPHONE-NEWJ 




The "Perfect" Metal Block 

(See Cut) 



is one of the 



ANVIL BRAND" BLOCKS 

Linesmen 
find gives best service. 



Wu make a full line of Blocks for all purposes. 



WESTERN BLOCK CO. 

LOCKPORT, N.Y. 

NEW YORK CITY CHICAGO 
74 Murray St. 34 N. Clinton St. 



misde// c p°^?, 8 



Smooth writing, 
long wearing, 
quick sharpening 
the standard colored 
pencils for more than 
a quarter century. 



/3/aisde// 

Pa.per Pencil Company 

PHILADELPHIA. 




as the other fellow is in driving his vehicle. 

In the past a number of accidents have 
occurred due to automobile engines back- 
firing while being hand cranked. This is 
due largely to the ignorance of the right 
way to crank an automobile engine. Such 
accidents have been prevented largely in 
the Chicago company by the installation of 
a safety device which will prevent the 
cranking of an automobile with an ad- 
vanced spark. 

That every one may know the safest way 
to crank an autmobile, for this may be 
necessary even though your machine may 
have a starter, the following directions 
should be read carefully and remembered : 

Be sure the spark lever is at the proper 
place. That is important, because back- 
firing is caused by the spark being advanced 
too far. If you are not familiar with the 
car, or the engine has just been repaired, 
find out where the spark lever should be 
set for starting. If you cannot readily get 
this information, fully retard the spark 
lever and advance it one notch at a time 
until the proper starting point is reached. 

If the engine is warm, it should start 
without priming, but the spark lever should 
be back, especially on Fords and on any 
car when starting on the magneto. 

When ready to crank, stand so that your 
free arm and your legs will be clear. In 
taking hold of the handle, put your thumb 
on the same side of the handle that the 
wrist is on. That is important because it 
will enable you to let go and get your arm 
clear more quickly if the engine does back- 
fire. Do not hook your fingers around the 
handle more tightly than necessary. 

For a better understanding of the need 
for proper spark control when starting and 
driving, the following extract from a 
standard text book, entitled "The Gasoline 
Automobile," by Hobbs and Elliott, is 
included : 

"A small but appreciable amount of time 
elaoses between the occurrence of the 
spark in a cylinder and the development 
of the full explosion pressure. Therefore, 
when a gasoline engine is running at nor- 
mal speed, if the spark occurred at dead 
center, f, c, at the highest position of the 
piston, the piston would have proceeded 



part way on its downward stroke before 
the full pressure of the explosion was se- 
cured which would prevent development 
of the full power of the engine. The ideal 
condition is to have the spark occur suffi- 
ciently in advance of dead center that 
the full explosion pressure is secured just 
before the piston reaches the end of the 
stroke. This provides a cushion of gas to 
take the strain off the crank and wristpin 
bearings and gives the full explosion pres- 
sure at the beginning of the stroke. 

"In order to secure this ideal condition 
it is necessary, of course, to have the spark 
advanced further when the engine is run- 
ning at high speeds than at low speeds. If 
the spark is advanced too far for any given 
speed, explosion will occur while the pis- 
ton is on its upward stroke, which causes 
backfiring, and tends to drive the engine 
backward. This condition is evidenced by 
pronounced knocking or pounding. Since 
the engine will usually be running slower 
in climbing a hill, it is customary to retard 
the spark slightly under such conditions. 

"In cranking a car the speed of rotation 
is so much slower than the normal speed 
of the engine that if the spark is set at a 
running position, the explosion will occur 
before the piston reaches the end of the 
upstroke and the engine will back-fire, 
driving the piston down with great force, 
carrying the crank with it in the reverse 
direction from which it is being turned. 
This is very liable to injure the person 
cranking the car. It is extremely impor- 
tant, therefore, in cranking a car to see 
that the spark is retarded as much as pos- 
sible. All cars in which the spark is in 
the control of the driver are so arranged 
that when the spark lever is retarded as 
much as posible, the explosions will occur 
somewhat after dead center, i. e., when 
the piston is on its downward stroke. In 
Ford cars the spark is retarded by moving 
the lever toward the front of the car." 

Some Recent Accidents 

What would YOU do to prevent these 
accidents ? 

A cableman was working on an aerial 
cable on a cable platform, when a tree 
which was being cut down by some fellow 



' v/—<§\ N 



I 



workmen struck the platform, throwing the 
cableman to the ground. 

A cableman was standing on a cable plat- 
form boiling out a splice when he slipped 
and fell, striking his left knee on a shave 
hook. 

A lineman was descending a telephone 
pole from which he had just untied all of 
the wires. The pole broke and he fell with 
it to the ground, breaking his right ankle 
and causing other injuries. 

A cable repairman stepped from a ladder 
onto a pole step which had paraffine on it. 
He slipped and fell to the ground. 

A lineman was working on a pole with 
the electric light company's lineman work- 
ing above him. The lineman for the light 
company dropped a pair of pliers, which 
struck the telephone lineman on the head. 

A student repairman was pulling a dead 
jumper out of an intermediate frame. The 
jumper broke and his hand struck the 
frame and was injured. 

A lineman was working near the top of 
a pole ; his spurs cut out and he slipped 
down the pole to the ground, a distance 
of some thirty feet. 

An installer, while working in a base- 
ment, stepped on a nail protruding from a 
board lying on the floor. 

A painter was working on a plank sup- 
ported at one end o" a folded ladder 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



27 




MANY White Trucks have been 
in service continuously since 
1910 — and have mileage records well 
above the hundred thousand mark. 
These examples of the permanency 
of White construction are the foun- 
dations of White Leadership in the 
Motor Truck Industry. 

THE WHITE COMPANY 

CLEVELAND 



Largest Manuf acturers of Commercial Motor Vehicles in America 



28 



BELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



(leaning against a wall). The folded lad- 
der slipped and the painter fell. 

A cable splicer was removing a lead 
sleeve with a blow lamp, when gas in the 
vault was exploded by the blow lamp. 

A shopman, while moving a work bench, 
was injured when one of the iron legs of 
the work bench, which was not secured, 
fell on his left foot. 

A lineman was climbing a pole to hand a 
tool to another employe at the top of the 
pole when a hammer slipped from the 
belt of the latter and fell, striking the 
lineman on the head. 

A groundman was tamping dirt around 
a pole when his left hand struck a nail in 
the pole, causing a wound. 

A repairman was trimming a tree to 
clear a case of trouble when the limb on 
which he was standing broke and he fell 
to the ground, breaking a rib. 

A shopman attempted to light a blow 
torch while wearing canvas gloves satu- 
rated with gasoline, with the result that 
both hands were burnt. 



What About Colds? 

By J. H. McCLELLAN, M D. 
Division Medical Director, Chicago 
Telephone Company. 



The most important thing to know about 
colds is their cause, and how to prevent 
them. Colds are caused by germs which 
get into the nose and throat, and as these 
germs can easily pass from one person to 
another, colds are contagious. These germs 
are usually passed from one person to 
another in breathing impure air, as in 
closed street cars, unventilated or poorly 
ventilated moving picture houses and in 
close, crowded rooms. 

Colds are popularly thought to come 
from sudden chilly winds or drafts, as from 
an open window, or from going outdoors 
from a heated interior into the cold. That, 
however, is only half the story. Usually 
the real cause is the close room with im- 
pure air, out of which we step into the 
cold. It is well to remember that Arctic 
explorers absolutely never get colds in 
spite of wet feet and the terrible chilling 
they undergo constantly. The best way 
to avoid colds is to keep out of drafts to 
be sure, but the most important thing to 
do is to get lots of clean, cool, fresh air, 
and to avoid overheated rooms and stuffy, 
impure air. 

Sometimes other causes can be found 
within ourselves. Many people have some 
slight obstruction in their nose or throat 
which makes them catch cold very easily. 
Small deformed bones in the nose or little 
growths called polyps or, very commonly, 
diseased tonsils, are to blame. These can 
all be remedied by a slight operation and 
frequently cause a surprising increase in 
health and strength. 

Colds and sore throat are mucn more 
important than most people realize. If a 
cough lasts more than two weeks, we 



should always see a doctor, because it may 
be tuberculosis. Sore throats are also very 
commonly the cause of rheumatism, ap- 
pendicitis, kidney or heart trouble and 
many other serious diseases, so we should 
do everything in our power to avoid them. 

When people get colds they often do 
themselves a great deal of harm by taking 
patent cough sirups. Most of these con- 
coctions contain either alcohol or opium, or 
both, and except for very severe or painful 
sore throats, these remedies are not needed, 
and should never be taken without instruc- 
tions from a doctor. We must remember 
that ordinary colds get well in from three 
to ten days without any treatment, and 
we should not give the credit to "dope" 
for a cure effected by nature. Always 
remember this when a friend recommends 
some patent medicine which "cured" his 
cold quickly. 

But after all, "An ounce of prevention 
is worth a pound of cure," and if we open 
windows in stuffy street cars and do not 
live in close, hot rooms, breathing the same 
air over and over again, a great many colds 
and diseases arising from them will be 
prevented. 



The Trophy 

This month the Chicago Accident Pre- 
vention Trophies remain in the possession 
of the districts which held them during 
July. For some unknown reason when a 
district or division reaches first place and 
is awarded a trophy, it seems to get a good 
grip on it and hold it for at least two 
months. From the changes in the standing 
of the districts each month, it is evident 
that a real effort is being made to get up 
near the top of the list. 

The standing of the various districts in 
the three divisions of the Chicago plant 
department is as follows : 

Suburban Plant 



Place District 

1 Waukegan 

2 La Grange 

3 Elgin 

4 Woodstock 

5 Joliet 

6 Hammond 

7 Oak Park 

8 Special Estimate 

9 Evanston 

10 Harvey 

11 Aurora 

12 Wheaton 

Construction 

1 South Construction 

2 North Construction 

3 Building Cabling 

4 Cable Repair 

5 Supplies 

6 Shops 

7 Garage 

8 Central Construction 

Maintenance 

1 Canal 

2 Beverly 

3 Main 

4 Central 



5 Wabash 

6 Austin 

7 Rogers Park 

8 .Monroe 

9 Hyde Park 

10 Edgewater 

11 Stewart 

12 Superior 

13 Douglas . - 

14 Lake View 

1.5 Wentworth 

16 Oakland 

17 South Chicago 

18 Humboldt 

19 Calumet 

20 Kedzle 

21 Pullman 

22 Lincoln' 

23 West jj 

24 Irving 

25 Prospect 

26 :. Belmont 

27 Yards 

28 Lawndale 



The Plant Department Accident Preven- 
tion Trophy awarded at six months' inter- 
vals to the one of the three major divi- 
sions in which the least number of lost- 
time accidents occur in proportion to the 
total number of employes in the division 
during the period, has again been awarded 
to the maintenance division. 

The standing of the divisions for the 
period from January 1, 1917, to July 1, 
1917, is as follows: 

Division Standing 

Maintenance 958 

Suburban 957 

Construction 916 

The first six months of 1917 show a 
marked decrease in number of accidents 
over the last six months of 1916, and of 
course each of the divisions has a higher 
standing than at the close of the latter 
period, even though their relative positions 
remain the same. 

All three divisions are to be congratu- 
lated on the improvement shown and for 
the constructive accident prevention work 
they are carrying on. 



The Hour Has Struck 

"What time is it?" 

It's time to fight. 
To rally up the hosts of Cheer, 

And in the face of bitter night 
To wipe away the useless tear. 

It's time to meet the foe called Fate, 
With valiant heart and head held high 

And whatsoever score may wait, 
It's time to can the alibi. 

"What time is it?" 

It's time to be 
Out there among the battling throng. 

It's time to set your honor free 
From every taint of shame or wrong. 

It's time to be upon the square, 
And when you've met it with your best 

You'll find, out in that far Somewhere, 
It's time enough to take a rest. — Long Lines 
Traffic Doings. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



29 



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the money expended 
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Increased efficiency of guying. 
Easily installed. 
Results uniformly gratifying. 
Cost very low. 
Exceptional holding power. 

MANUFACTURED BY 

The Specialty Device Company 

Cincinnati, Ohio 





A 

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WHICH IS SHOCK-PROOF 

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fuses, or injure men or apparatus with a 

BENJAMIN FIBRE HAND PORTABLE 

Installed as an indispensable part of telephone 
equipment. All electrical dealers have them. " 



BENJAMIN ELECTRIC MFG. CO. 



New York 



CHICAGO 
120-28 S. Sangamon St. 



San Francisco 





Note Protection at Corners 

Blake Insulated Staples 

Unequalled for telephone and 
bell wiring. The fibre insulation 
prevents troublesome short cir- 
cuits and grounds. 4 Sizes. Pat. 
Nov. 1900. Write for samples. 

Blake Signal & Mfg. Co. 
Boston, Mass. 




Every dollar you save 
adds just that much 
to the country's 
financial resources. 

Saving money is 
a form of patriot- 
ism which all can 
practice. 

Savings Department 

The Northern 
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N.W.COR.LASALLE &MDNROE STS.£HICAGO 
capital ^2P00POO-surplus ^2pOO,000 



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manager of the insurance de- 
partment of the A. T. & T. Co. 

MARSH & M-LENNAN 

INSURANCE IN ALL ITS BRANCHES 

INSURANCE EXCHANGE 
CHICAGO 



30 



5ELLTELEPHONE*NEWJ 



Public Utilities Commission Rulings 



Moving Charge Approved 

Wisconsin Railroad Commission. 
The Railroad Commission of Wiscon- 
sin in Common Council and Board of 
Water Commissioners of Sparta against 
Monroe County Telephone Company, 
wherein complainant alleged that the 
company's rates were unreasonable, held, 
among other things, that a moving charge 
was reasonable, but that such charges 
should be made only where the subscriber 
requesting the move should have had ser- 
vice at his present location for less than 
one year previous to the request for a 
move, or, having had service at such loca- 
tion for more than a year previous to the 
request, such charge should be made only 
where the subscriber refused to continue 
his contract for one year from the date 
of the move. 

Franchise Rates Not Binding on Com- 
mission 

Public Service Commission of West Virginia. 

The Public Service Commission of West 
Virginia in approving a proposed increase 
in the rates of the United Fuel Gas Com- 
pany overruled the protest of the town of 
Ceredo, which maintained that no increase 
could be permitted, because the franchise 
under which the company operated in 
Ceredo fixed certain rates and provided 
that the company should in no case charge 
higher rates. The commission held that 
it had the power to authorize the company 
to charge reasonable rates despite the pro- 
visions of said franchise. 

Colorado Rate Case 

Public Service Commission of Colorado. 
In its recent investigation of the reason- 
ableness of the rates and charges of the 
Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph 
Company covering the entire state of Colo- 
rado and the rules, regulations and prac- 
tices affecting the same, the Public Utilities 
Commission of Colorado held that, in ar- 
riving at the fair value of the company's 
property for rate-making purposes, allow- 
ance should be made for the reasonable 
cost of organization and for the cost of 
acquiring franchises. Assuming that a re- 
turn of eight per cent, upon the present 
value of the properties of the company 
was reasonable, the commission further 
found that the company's present rates were 
not excessive and that therefore no reduc- 
tion of its schedules as a whole was justi- 
fied. 

The commission found further that the 
relationship between the Mountain States 
Company and the American Telephone and 
Telegraph Company had been beneficial 
both to the Mountain States Company and 
its patrons. That, moreover, the payment 
of four and one-half per cent, of its gross 
receipts made by the Mountain States 
Company to the American Company was 
not in excess of the value of the service 



rendered by the American Company and 
that therefore it should be approved. 

The commission found further that the 
contractual relationship between the Moun- 
tain States Company and the Western 
Electric Company, whereby the latter acted 
as purchasing agent, etc., for the former, 
did not impose an undue burden upon the 
public, but was, on the contrary, of con- 
siderable advantage both from the stand- 
point of service and from that of econom- 
ical operation, since it reduced operating 
costs and brought about a standardization 
of equipment. 

The commission also approved the Moun- 
tain States' plan for the payment of pen- 
sions and sick and accident benefits to its 
employes by the appropriation of a sum 
from its surplus. These benefits are ex- 
tended to employes without assessment 
upon them and without abatement of their 
wages or contributions of any sort on their 
part and the commission states that the 
practice of the Mountain States Company 
in this regard is in accord with the Colo- 
rado law governing workmen's compensa- 
tion and is therefore approved. 

Competition Prohibited Where Oc- 
cupant Utility Is Giving Adequate 
Service 

Public Service Commission of Pennsylvania. 

The Quaker Valley Telephone Company 
applied to the Public Service Commission 
of Pennsylvania for a certificate of public 
convenience, authorizing it to begin opera- 
tions in Bedford county, Pennsylvania. 
The Bedford County Telephone Company, 
which operated in said territory, objected. 
The commission refused to issue the cer- 
tificate, holding that where a public utility 
is adequately serving the territory occu- 
pied by it, another company should not be 
permitted to extend its lines into said ter- 
ritory so as to create competitive condi- 
tions, since the public in the territory in- 
volved, as well as that adjacent thereto, 
would be saved much annoyance and ex- 
pense if but one company having proper 
facilities and rendering good service were 
permitted to operate. 

The commission stated that another com- 
pany should not be permitted to enter the 
territory, and thereby create competitive 
conditions, until the occupant company had 
been given at least reasonable time in 
which to improve its facilities and service. 

Short Term Rates Should Be Higher 
Than Annual Rates 

Public Service Commission of New York. 

In passing upon the complaint of Albert 
M. Fulton, Jr., against Monticello Tele- 
phone Company as to the charges made for 
summer telephone service to the Fulton 
House Hotel at Monticello, N. Y., the 
Public Service Commission, Second Dis- 
trict, New York, held, among other things, 



that since the telephone company was sub- 
jected to a substantial amount of expense 
in connection with telephone service, which 
expense must be borne regardless of wheth- 
er, the company's service was taken for 
one month or for several months, such ex- . 
pense should properly be borne by the sub- 
scribers, and therefore short-term rates 
should be somewhat higher proportionate- 
ly than rates for annual subscribers. 

Short Term Consumers Must Pay Dur- 
ing Period of Non-Use 

RaWroad Commission of California. 
W. H. Turner applied to the Railroad 
Commission of California for approval of 
certain rates for water service to his con- 
sumers. It appeared that' a majority of 
the consumers were summer residents, 
who required service only during a short 
period of each year. The commission held 
that since Turner was obliged to maintain 
the service during the entire year his prac- 
tice of charging a small monthly rate to 
the short term consumers during the period 
of non-use, and a larger rate during the 
time of actual use was a fair method since 
the consumer should pay for the conven- 
ience installed for his benefit rather than 
expect to pay merely for the actual com- 
modity used, which in some cases might i 
be for the use of a day or a week in a 
year's time. 

Complaint Seeking Installation of Pub- 
lic Telephone, Dismissed 

New York Public Service Commission. 

The complainant runs a cloak and suit I 
house at No. 2056 Third avenue in the city 
of New York. He claims that during busi- 
ness hours many people ask for permis- 
sion to use the telephone in his store, and 
that many of them are his patrons. He 
believes it would be an accommodation to 
the public if a public pay station were in- 
stalled in his store and incidentally that it 
would relieve him from the expense to 
which he is now subjected for telephone 
calls made by his customers. The company 
claims the right to determine where it shall 
install these pay stations; that the neigh- 
borhood in question is well served with 
such stations, and that there is no present 
need for the installation of another such 
station upon the premises of the complain- 
ant. There is no obligation on the part of 
the complainant to permit others to use his 
telephone at his expense, and it does ap- 
pear, from the evidence in the case, that 
there are public telephones available in the 
immediate vicinity. Under the circum- 
stances, therefore, it does not seem as 
though the commission would be justified 
in requiring the installation of a public pay 
station on the premises of the complainant. 

It is, therefore, ordered, that the com- j 
plaint herein be, and the same hereby is, 
dismissed and the case closed on the rec- 
ords of the commission. 



BELL TELEPHONE NEWS 



Gomle de Rochambeau 




Vol. 7, No. 2. 



SEPTEMBER, 1917 



OUR FRONT COVER 



In our front cover design this month the artist has expressed a senti- 
ment which will find endorsement in the hreast of every true American. 

In the dark days of the American Revolution, in the midst of military 
reverses, internal dissensions and national poverty, the hopes of the patriot 
leaders centered in France. Those hopes were not disappointed. Help 
came and the war was won. Without that aid our national independence 
might not have been achieved. 

The expeditionary force sent from France was under the command of 
Comte de Rochambeau, a brave and skillful general and a friend of liberty. 
Rochambeau upon landing at Newport, Rhode Island, communicated with 
General George Washington, placing himself and his army, unreservedly 
under the command of General Washington. Some months later the forces 
of the two generals effected a junction and marched together from the 
Hudson River to Yorktown, Virginia, and at the latter point fought the 
decisive battle of the War for American Independence. 

In those dark days America was weak. France was strong. To-day 
France, having withstood with almost superhuman endurance the shock of 
the World War, looks to her sister republic for aid. America in full vigor 
and with mighty resources is answering the call. Her debt is to be paid. 
Once more the cause of human liberty is to be defended on the field of 
battle. To-day, when heroic France calls to America, the response goes 
back as heartily in 1917 as it came in 1780. 



BELL' TELEPHONE* NEWS 



ONE POLICY 


UNIVERSAL SERVICE 


ONE SYSTEM 


Volume 7 


CHICAGO, ILL., SEPTEMBER, 1917 


Number 2 



The Month in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois 

News Notes and Personal Items of Interest 



Ohio Division 

J. H. Kirby, Correspondent, 
Columbus 

Akron District 

Miss Dorothy Phillips, local chief oper- 
ator, returned July 30th from a two weeks' 
vacation, after spending a few days in Co- 
lumbus and with her mother in Hamilton, 
Ohio. She was entertained and had a 
lovely time while on her trip. 

Miss Mabel McDonnell, toll chief oper- 
ator, returned July 16th from a two weeks' 
vacation. She visited friends in Buffalo 
and Niagara Falls and had a fine time. 

Miss Ida King, local supervisor, spent her 
vacation at her home "down on the farm'' 
in Ursina, Pa. She returned to duty July 
loth. 

Miss Helen Romig, local supervisor, vis- 
ited friends in Dayton and Xenia, Ohio, 
while on her vacation. 

Miss Helen Maloney, formerly of Mar- 
ion. Ohio, was promoted from operator to 
local supervisor. 

Miss Hazel Calph, toll clerk, was mar- 
ried to Howard Lacy, July 12th, in Pitts- 
burgh, Pa., during her vacation. They mo- 
tored to Pittsburgh and visited friends 
while they were there. At present they are 
living with Mrs. Lacy's mother. 

Miss Lena North, toll operator, was mar 
ried while on her vacation to Mr. Alfred 
Davis on July 19th. They went to Detroit 
on their wedding trip. They are living in 
Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 

Miss Agnes Smith, toll operator, is on a 
month's leave of absence. 

We are glad to report that Miss Hunter 
of the Ashtabula exchange, has returned 
to work after several months' illness. 

Miss Suakko is enjoying her vacation 
this week visiting friends out of town. 



Columbus District 

The accompanying photograph shows 
some of the girls of the Main exchange, 
Columbus, who enjoyed a delightful dav's 
oicnicking at Olentangy Park recentlv. The 



picnic had been contemplated for some 
time, and due to the efforts of some of the 
more enthusiastic girls, the ''big day" final- 




AT OLENTANGY PARK. 



ly was arranged. Each one had some part 
to play, and when it was time for the big 
event of any picnic, the "eats," it seemed 
as if every one's part was to outdo the 
others in providing tempting morsels. 
Everybody had a great time, and a heavy 
downpour at the close of the day was in- 
sufficient to dampen their enthusiasm. 




MRS. BELLE BROOKS, 
Formerly Operator at Columbus. 



Dayton District 

On the evening of August 2nd the girls 
of the Golden Glow Club were very de- 



lightfully entertained by Miss Mildred 
Stachler at her home on Goodhue avenue. 
At a late hour a very dainty repast was 
served, the table being decorated with 
golden glows and fern. The following 
numbers were present : Misses Marie 
Geis, Helen Spangler, Marie Kyle, Maymee 
Ryan, Dotie Cruzen, Corrine Harrod, Gail 
Brock, Pearl Beam and Peg Ely. 

Miss Ida Strahm, clerk to the main 
chief operator, spent her vacation in Bowl- 
ing Green, Ohio. Miss Strahm is again on 
the job looking better than ever. 

Miss Henrietta Nahn and Miss Hazel 
Wheeler, former operators, have again 
accepted position with this company. 

Miss Margaret Laughlin, supervisor at 
the East exchange, resigned her position 
to become the wife of Lee Weaver of Day- 
ton. Miss Laughlin will be succeeded by 
Miss Dorothy Bauer. 

Miss Chloa Hamlin, operator at the 
Dayton main office, spent her vacation vis- 
iting relatives in Huntington, W. Va. She 
reports a splendid time. 

Miss Nell Kennedy, East chief operator, 
is on a two weeks' vacation which she will 
spend in Toledo. 



Toledo District 

Miss Jean Sampson, Findlay toll oper- 
ator, resigned in July and was married to 
Lloyd White of Coffeyville, Kan. 

Miss Gail Wagner, Findlay toll operator, 
resigned July 28th and was married to L. 
V. Needles of Fostoria, Ohio. Miss Wag- 
ner always was sharp, anyway. 

Miss Mardel McMillen, local operator 
at Fostoria, Ohio, has resigned and leaves 
August 1th for Bellefontaine, Ohio, where 
she will teach school the coming year. 

Miss Leah Knickle, toll operator at Fos- 
toria, Ohio, has resigned and will accept a 
position as private branch exchange oper- 
ator at the Allan Motor Car Company. 
Miss Knickle could get lots of free talks 
where they have nickel service, couldn't 
she ? 



Akron Cut Over 

The "Forget It" sign was hung on the 
door of the old Central Union office on 
South Main street at Akron Wednesday 
night, August loth, and service commenced 

U— 



2 



5ELL * TELE PHON E * N E 



in the splendid new building on South 
High street after a very successful cut 
over. When at 10:35 p. m. Division 
Equipment Foreman Beilstein gave the 
word to pull the wedges, everybody rushed 
up stairs to see the "Christmas Tree." To 
their surprise and gratification the illu- 
mination was very slight. There were 
fourteen more permanents on the old board 
than on the new after the cut. 

The new board is equipped with machine 
ringing and is very fast. 

The new building is a beautiful structure 
of reinforced concrete and wire cut brick, 
of three stories with basement opening on 
the ground level at the rear and a sub- 
basement for the heating plant. The cable 
vault is large and convenient. The base- 
ment contains the store room, gas engine 
plant and battery room. The first floor 
houses the terminal room, a splendidly 
lighted room with high ceiling and ample 
space for the apparatus. The front portion 
of the building contains a broad lobby with 
public offices for the commercial depart- 
ment on one side, and private offices for 
the local and district commercial mana- 
gers and plant chiefs on the other. Four 
booths provide public telephone accommo- 
dation. 

On the second floor are the offices of 
the district and local traffic chief and the 
local operating room, while the third floor 
is occupied by the kitchen, restaurant, rest 
room, and toll room. 

The building is L shaped with a front- 
age of one hundred feet and a light court 
on the north side in the rear. 

With the completion of the new building 
and the cut over to the new board the first 
step has been taken in the effort of the 
company to cope with the tremendous 
growth of Akron and give the 10,000 Bell 
telephones now in service, as well as the 
applicants not yet connected, first class 
telephone service. 



Indiana Division 

D. H. Whitham, Correspondent, 
Indianapolis 

Indianapolis District 

The following is an exact copy of a letter 
received recently at the Indianapolis office. 

Staunton, Va. 
Central Union Telephone Co., 
Indianapolis, Indiana. 
Inclosed you will find 41 cents in stamps 
for telaphone bill I owe you & have owed 
you for several years, & dont supose I 
would evn have thought of it if God hadnt 
wondrfully saved & santifyed my soul it 
is far service after phone was ordered out 
at 818 E 11th St, 

(what shall a man proffit if he gains the 
whole world & loose his soul) 

B. M. M. 

\V. B. Thomas, chairman of the Garden 
Association, reports good prospects for a 
— U 



"bumper" crop. The corn, green beans, 
pumpkins, potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers 
and squash are all doing fine. By the time 
this is in press we will be enjoying many 
fine, big, ripe tomatoes from the garden. 

Professor Carl Osborn of Purdue Uni- 
versity, who has been assigned to the City 
Garden Association, states that our garden 
is one of the best he has seen near Indian- 
apolis, and predicts that we will have a 
large potato crop. 

Messrs. Freeman and McNabb of the 
commercial department have been admitted 
to the Second Officers' Training Camp at 
Indianapolis. 

Miss Carolyn Herdrick of the contract 
department reached the semi-finals in the 
Patriotic City Tennis Tournament. 

Bert Wilbur, engineer, the 1916 state 
golf champion, established a new amateur 
record a few days ago for eighteen holes 
at the Highland Club course when he 
played a 71. 

The bowling season will probably begin 
about September 1st this year owing to the 
repeated requests of the members of the 
Bowling League. 

J. R. Ruddick has been appointed cap- 
tain of the Indiana Division Bell Tele- 
phone Signal Corps, with C. G. Schriver 
and D. M. Shryer, lieutenants. 

Miss Nellie Barber of the observing de- 
partment has just returned from Lake 
Manitou, where she spent her vacation. 

Miss Ethel Glass and Anna Maley en- 
joyed their vacations last month. 

Toll 

Miss Lena Glick, supervisor in the toll 
department, has been appointed chief op- 
erator of the private branch exchange at 
Fort Benjamin Harrison. 

Miss Helen Hoppman, also a supervisor 
in the toll department, has been appointed 
evening chief operator at the same office. 
Irvington 

Miss Lucille Blake, operator at the Irv- 
ington exchange, announces her marriage 
to Max McVey, which took place Wednes- 
day evening, August 8th. 

Mrs. Goldie Christie has been promoted 
to be local supervisor to fill a new posi- 
tion at the Woodruff office. 

Miss Elma Hohenfeld, chief operator of 
the Irvington office for the past two years, 
has been transferred to the Woodruff office 
to fill the same position there. 

Miss Minnie Cornelius, senios- super- 
visor of the Main office, has been pro- 
moted to the position of chief operator 
at the Irvington office, succeeding Miss 
Elma Hohenfeld. Miss Cornelius is now 
spending her vacation in St. Louis, Mo. 

Mrs. Brown, the Irvington matron, en- 
joyed her vacation in the country near 
Marion, Ind., with Miss Lola Mosure, for- 
merly employed in the Indianapolis ex- 
change. 

Miss Lula Herzberger, supervisor of the 
Irvington office, who has been ill for sev- 
eral months, hopes to return to her duties 

soon. 



Vacations at Washington Office 
Miss Amelia Elbreg spent hers at Tus- 
cola, 111. 

Miss Gertrude Stoops has just returned 
from Monticello, Ind. 

Miss Mary Travis visited friends in 
Kokomo, Ind. 

Miss Frances Jensen spent her vacation 
at her home in Seymour, Ind. 

Miss May Gentleman reports a splendid 
trip to Detroit and Pontiac, Mich., and 
Windsor, Can. 

Miss Doris Edwards returned after 
making an extensive trip through Minne- 
sota and other states in the northwest. 

Miss Katherine Soderberg will go to her 
home in Waukegan, 111., during her vaca- 
tion. 

Miss Helen Culley reports a fine trip to 
Michigan City and Detroit, Mich. 

Miss Mary Wiegand took a trip to the 
Great Lakes region. 

Miss Cecile Hindman has just returned 
from Odon, Ind. 

Miss Frieda Mayer spent her vacation 
visiting several Ohio cities. 

Mrs. Higgins, matron at the Woodruff 
office, has just returned from a vacation in 
Shelbyville, Ind., among relatives and 
friends. 

Prospect Office 

Miss Nora Thurston has just returned 
from a two weeks' sojourn in the country. 

Miss Mary Kettler is spending her vaca- 
tion in Clinton, Ind. 

Miss Katherine Prader, assistant chief 
operator at the Prospect office, resigned to 
be married. 

Miss Olger, one of our latest brides, was 
married August 8th to Henry Jasper. 
Woodruff Office 

Miss Esther Davis, repair clerk at the 
Woodruff office, in company with her par- 
ents, took a delightful trip to Los Angeles 
and San Diego, Cal. One of the events 
of the trip was a visit to "Universal City," 
where moving pictures are made. Many 
offers were made to Miss Davis by the 
competing producers, but she withstood 
them all. 

Miss Lida Trites, assistant chief opera- 
tor at Woodruff office, and Miss Ruth 
Cunningham, an operator of the Main of- 
fice, had a delightful vacation with friends 
in Detroit. 

Miss Emma Grosvenor, clerk at the 
Woodruff office, has just returned from 
Lake Manitau. 

Miss Mary Sauer, supervisor, leaves 
August 17th for Martinsville, Pa., for a 
two weeks' vacation. 

Miss Alice White has been promoted 
from the position of senior operator to su- 
pervisor at the Woodruff office. 

The Woodruff girls are extending good 
wishes to Mrs. Clarence Boyd, formerly 
Miss Edna Schuster, a late operator at 
the Woodruff office, and a recent bride. 
Mrs. Boyd will reside in Johnstown, Pa. 



BELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



3 



Belmont Office 

The Belmont operators are very enthu- 
siastic about getting settled in their beau- 
tiful new home, into which they moved 
Saturday night, August 11th. 

North Office 

Miss Hazel Matheny has returned from 
Boston, where she has been sojourning for 
several months. She has resumed her du- 
ties as supervisor of the North office. 

The Misses Martha and Helene Pom- 
merening spent two weeks at Lake Mani- 
tau in company with several friends. 

Mrs. Cecil Campbell, with her husband, 
spent a very delightful fortnight at Bass 
Lake. 

Miss Beatrice Reid spent her vacation 
with relatives in Huntington and Quincy, 
Ind. 

H. W. Wills of the traffic superintend- 
ent's office, in company with his wife, spent 
his vacation with relatives in Blue Rapids, 
Kan. 



Northern and Southern District 

Miss Cecil Brann, local operator at 
Greenwood, entertained the employes of 
the company at a strawberry supper at her 
home on Monday evening, June 18th. Vo- 
cal and instrumental music was enjoyed. 

Miss Winifred Heale, chief operator at 
Gas City, has returned from a two weeks' 
vacation. 

Miss Margaret Elliott, local operator at 
Gas City, will go to Cleveland, Ohio, where 
she will spend her vacation. 

R. E. Fenimore, trouble man at Gas City, 
has been appointed manager of the Frank- 
ton Telephone Company at Frankton, Ind. 

G. F. Jackson, wire chief at South Bend, 
took a two weeks' vacation during the lat- 
ter part of August and departed for Moose 
Jaw, Canada, to superintend the farming 
operations on his mother's ranch there. 
His chief duties on the ranch consisted in 
chewing "Mail Pouch"' and watching the 
hired men work. 

R. F. King, repairman at Mishawaka, 
has resigned his position and departed for 
Butte, Mont., where he plans to get into 
telephone work and also file a claim on a 
homestead near Butte. He has been suc- 
ceeded at Mishawaka by M. F. Styles, for- 
mer cable helper at South Bend. 

Jessie Mingo, contract clerk at South 
Bend, is on an extended vacation, during 
which time she will enjoy a motor trip to 
Niagara Falls. 

W. G. Stedman, contract agent at South 
Bend, is enjoying a two weeks' vacation. 
At least we presume he is enjoying him- 
self, as he started out with a number of 
his old cronies for nearby lakes. He car- 
ried with him his rum deck and a fishing 
pole, but no doubt he will catch more suck- 
ers playing rum at half a cent a point than 
he will with his regular fishing tackle. 

Howard Eskrage of the maintenance de- 
partment at South Bend was married on 



Saturday, September 18th, to a young lady 
from Chicago. We have not the particu- 
lars at hand just now, but will send them 
in later. 

Miss Vera Marchal, toll operator at Gas 
City, spent her vacation with friends and 
relatives at Toledo. 

Miss Margaret Elliott, local operator at 
Gas City, has returned to work after a two 
weeks' visit with friends at Warren, Ohio. 

Miss Cecil Brann of the Greenwood 
traffic department enjoyed a week's vaca- 
tion in Lebanon, Ind. 

Miss Nellie Cameron, night local opera- 
tor, has returned from a week's vacation, 
spent in Indianapolis. 

Miss Elizabeth Ray, toll operator, spent 
a week's vacation at home resting. 

Miss Iris Jewell, local operator, has re- 
turned from a week's vacation spent in 
Indianapolis. 

Mable Merker, supervisor, is enjoying a 
week's outing at Lake Winona. 

Miss Agnes Bowers, local operator, re- 
signed July 31st because of ill health. 

The girls of the Bedford exchange have 
donated eighteen shirts to the Red Cross 
Society. 

Miss Vada Carter, chief operator, spent 
two weeks' vacation in Muncie and Con- 
nersville, Ind. 

Miss Beatrice Kinney, local operator at 
Shelbyville, Ind., was run down by an 
automobile and seriously injured on August 
4th. On the same day and at the same time 
(7 a. m.) Miss Wilhelmina Schwartz fell 
and sprained her ankle. Miss Schwartz has 
returned to work, but Miss Kinney is still 
suffering from her injuries. 

Miss Anna Riley, pay station attendant, 
is spending her vacation in Indianapolis 
and other places of interest. 

Miss Ethel Kirby, toll operator at Shel- 
byville, is visiting friends in Greensbury 
while on her vacation. 

Miss Pauline Klose, toll operator at 
Shelbyville, returned to her duties after a 
very pleasant vacation. 

Miss Ruth Biddinger of Greensburg ac- 
cepted a position as toll operator at Greens- 
burg to fill the vacancy created by the de- 
parture of Miss Lida Biddinger, who was 
married in July. 

Miss Ethel McMillan has accepted a 
position as toll operator at Greensburg, 
Ind. 

Miss Majorie Otterstetter, night toll op- 
erator at Greensburg, Ind., resigned and 
her position is being filled by Mrs. Mary 
Rouse, toll operator at Shelbyville, Ind. 

Miss Louise Marshall, operator at Peru, 
resigned her position and left for Chicago, 
to be gone indefinitely. 

Miss Bessie LeFever returned to her du- 
ties after spending a week's vacation at 
Rochester and Anderson. 

The ice cream social given by the Pen; 
operators for the benefit of the Red Cross 
was very successful. The girls cleared 



$49.07, which they turned over to the 
Miami County Chapter of the Red Cross. 

Miss Luna Burbank, cashier in the com- 
mercial office at Peru, spent the week end 
in Chicago as the guest of Miss Martha 
Preece, operator at the Austin exchange. 

Miss Elizabeth Horn, clerk in the com- 
mercial office at Peru, motored to Fort 
Benjamin Harrison August 15th to spend 
the day. 

Harry Blake, Logansport lineman, and 
a member of the Indiana National Guard, 
was called to Fort Benjamin Harrison for 
service in Indiana Company C, First In- 
fantry. 

M. J. Deasee, one of the veterans of 
F. D. Allen's Terre Haute first line busi- 
ness-getting squad, left a few days ago 
for Canada. "Mike" expects to stop off a 
short time at the Falls and then he is go- 
ing on into the wilds of Canada to spend 
the remainder of his vacation. The boys 
of the first line tried to persuade Mike 
to take a birth certificate with him into 
Canada, because they knew of a Terre 
Haute citizen who had to send back home 
for one before the Canadians would let 
him out of the country, but Mike heeded 
not the warning, feeling confident that he 
could fight his way back to the U. S. A. 
if necessary. It would be a sad blow to 
the city of Terre Haute if this veteran 
should be interned in Canada, as he is the 
worthy president of the city council, but 
the injury to the city would not compare 
with the injury to the fall drive of the 
business getters, for Mike is one of the 
big guns. 

Joe Parrish, telephone salesman, news- 
paper correspondent and Ford operator, 
at Terre Haute, spent his vacation re- 
pairing his brother's Ford around here 
and there about the environs of In- 
dianapolis. Joe said that he did have 
an extra dose one day. He Forded 
all around the town until almost sun- 
set without very many blowouts of con- 
sequence and was on his way home 
when hard luck overtook him. In a 
sudden effort to back out of the way 
of a moving van, which got beyond con- 
trol for the time being, Joe forgot that 
he was going ahead and put the reverse 
pedal in action. After that he spent the 
evening floundering around in the grease 
of the rear axle. He finally won his battle 
and proceeded on his way. Now he con- 
siders himself qualified and trained for 
Ford ambulance work on the French front. 
He says it couldn't be worse over there. 
Car No. 50 of the contract department 
now has no more terrors for the indom- 
itable Joe. 

J. C. Lewis of the Terre Haute sales 
force, has just returned from his vacation 
but refuses to be interviewed. Some one 
said that he spent his time in Chicago, but 
there seems to be some mystery surround- 
ing the matter. 

Ralph (]. Hastings, formerly a faithful 

U— 



4 



fiELL TELEPHONE* NEW^ 



and enthusiastic Bell salesman at Terrc 
Haute and recently a member of the Ft. 
Harrison .officers' training camp, has won 
for himself a commission as second lieu- 
tenant in the United States army, infantry 
service. We are very proud of Ralph G. 
and feel confident that he will continue to 
reflect honor upon himself and his old con- 
tract department friends in the perform- 
ance of his duty to civilization and human- 
ity. Lieutenant Hastings is still a Bell 
enthusiast. He signed his most recent let- 
ter thus: "Yours for the U. S. and the 
Bell." 

The Terre Haute contract department 
will also furnish another soldier for Uncle 
Sam in the person of Leo T. Osmon, who 
has been examined by the conscription 
board, passed, and now awaits the call to 
duty. Mr. Osmon has for some time been 
considering service in the aviation corps 
and hopes to be able to serve in that branch 
of the service. 

Bitter disappointment befell the lot of 
Special Agent Allen a few days ago. He 
had fished during his entire vacation at 
Tippecanoe lake, saved his daily (?) catch 
in a live box until the end and then held 
them all up in front of the camera as "A 
few of the small ones." The picture was 
developed a lew days ago. Sad indeed was 
the spectacle. He has a hard time trying 
to convince his friends that those are not 
minnows for bait that he holds up so 
proudly. Allen says that it is his wife's 
fault, that she was so anxious to get all 
of him and most of the lake in the picture 
that she sort-a depreciated the size of the 
fish. The next time he promises a "close- 
up." He says that string of bass, from 
three pounds down (he don't add how far 
down) per bass, deserved better treat- 
ment than to be made just insignificant 
incidents in the landscape. 

Miss Theresa Brooks, chief clerk and 
stenographer on the first line business get- 
ters force at Terre Haute is back at her 
desk again among the "401's" and the 
"Saves" after a short vacation at home. 
When she told us that she intended to 
spend her vacation at home we were wor- 
ried considerably and every day expected to 
receive the usual "at home after so and so" 
notice. It didn't come, however, and the 
boys are all smiled up because the head- 
quarters staff is now on the job again. 

G. W. Miller, repairman, West exchange, 
Terre Haute, left August 11th to spend his 
vacation week in Tennessee. 

H. S. Post spent his vacation from Au- 
gust 4th to 12th at his home in Terre Haute. 

T. H. Uager has been transferred from 
Lafayette, Tnd., to Terre Haute, Ind., as 
switchboardman. 

J f. A. Erminger, testboardman at Terre 
Haute, spent his vacation at Westphalia, 
Ind. He reports nothing more serious thnn 
a puncture. 

Stanley Wyatt, cable helper at the 

Terre Haute exchange, spent his vacation 
— u 



in Vincennes. It is rumored that Stanley 
did this so that he could verify some of the 
statements that "Slick" Chambers had been 
making about his old home town. 

Miss Grace Dunn, night chief toll oper- 
ator at Terre Haute, who has been absent 
for some time on account of illness, is 
slowly improving. 

Miss Olive Jones, hotel pay station at- 
tendant at Terre 1 laute, has been absent 
from duty on account of illness. 

Miss Miriam Kelly, toll clerk at Terre 
Haute, spent her vacation at Wawassee 
Lake. 

Miss Margaret Shea, toll instructor at 
Indianapolis, spent a few days in Terre 
Haute and visited the exchange. 

Miss Lois Anderson, instructor at Terre 
Haute, spent her vacation with her parents 
in Fowler, Ind. 

A very interesting toll operators' meeting 
was held at Terre Haute Wednesday even- 
ing, August loth. Miss Judkins, traffic 
chief, took up with the girls various points 
for the improvement of the service as well 
as some important matters in connection 
with the handling of traffic in accordance 
with the prescribed instructions. Ice cream 
and cake were served as a "cooler" after an 
hour or so in a warm room. 

A local operators' meeting was held at 
Terre Haute by Miss Judkins, traffic chief, 
Wednesday, August 1st. These meetings 
are held once a month for both local and 
toll operators. Topics of interest in con- 
nection with the service are discussed, 
after which refreshments are served and 
the girls enjoy an hour of dancing and 
other sociability. 

The traffic employes at Terre Haute are 
forming a club which is to be allied with 
the industrial clubs in connection with the 
Y. W. C. A. work. Many of the girls are 
very much enthused over the work which 
is to be done in the club. There are to be 
ciasses in English and a ukulele brigade. 
Miss Lois Anderson is captain of the or- 
ganization and is assisted by Misses Anna 
Fischer, Laura King, Myrtle Staudacher, 
of the traffic department, and Miss Mary 
Short, of the commercial department. 
They expect to have a full club organized 
by September 1st. 

Miss Reisman, collector at Terre Haute 
exchange, spent her vacation the week of 
August 13th visiting in Detroit. 

Miss Roll, of the commercial department, 
Terre Haute, spent her vacation the week 
of August 13th in the country. 

Dolph C. Cross, collector at Terre Haute, 
resigned July 24th to enlist in the U. S. 
army. Cashius E. Miller will succeed 
Cross as collector. 

Joseph Siner, Jr., has been added to the 
commercial department force at Terre 
Haute. 

I. N. Crawford, chief clerk at Terre 



Haute, spent his vacation the first of Sep- 
tember visiting at Washington, Ind. 

Miss Mac Flynn, of the commercial de- 
partment, Terre Haute, spent her vacation 
the last of August visiting friends in the 
country near Youngstown, Ind. 

Miss Louise Stevens, who for the last 
year was hotel pay station attendant at 
Terre Haute, was transferred August 16th 
to the commercial department as work or- 
der clerk. 



'Phone Company's "Trouble 
Man" Is a Pretty Girl 

She was young, pretty and chic. She 
tripped into our office yesterday and 
in a voice as distinctively feminine as her 
appearance demanded a step ladder. "Why 
— er, this is a newspaper office you know," 
the bookkeeper informed her and then 
anxious to be of assistance to so charming 
a lady vouchsafed the information that 
there was a hardware store to be found 
in the next block. 

But the lady never stopped to argue. 
She flitted right through the office and 
back through the reportorial rooms and 
into the sanctuary of the telegraph opera- 
tor. There she immediately busied her- 
self with wires and fuses and only glanced 
up to repeat to the bookkeeper, and all the 
rest of the office force, who had followed, 
her request for a step-ladder. 

The step-ladder was forthcoming and 
after adjusting it to' her satisfaction she 
calmly ascended it and in a very efficient 
fashion began to examine a connection. As 
she worked she mumbled an explanation 
which sounded like "grounded wire — trou- 
ble on the circuit — must be in this office." 

Anyway, she located the trouble and ad- 
justed it very neatly. She directed some 
of her attention to the Bell telephone and 
fl~illy, apparently satisfied, flitted out as 
she came in, plus a pair of very grimy 
hands. 

She is Miss Bena Singer and her posi- 
tion is — according to her — "nothing special, 
just anything." She is in charge of the 
local branch of the Bell Telephone Com- 
pany. She explained her activities yester- 
day by saying that just at present she 
didn't have a lineman handy so she just 
fixed things up a bit herself. 

In this day when women are doing the 
most amazing sort of work — men's work — 
and doing it efficiently, one should not be 
surprised at anything — and yet it was a 
surprise — she wore such a pretty green 
embroidered linen frock and her white 
Milan bat, ornamented with big white 
wings, was so feminine looking. And the 
last thing she said to a too inquisitive re- 
porter was, "Don't you dare write me up 
in the paper." — Daily Tribune, Logansport, 
Ind., August 17. 



BELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



5 



Picnic at Terre Haute 

•Skinny" Johnson and George "Utellum" 
Denman Entertain. 

"Gee, I'm tired, but I don't care; we 
sure had a fine time." "Yes, sir, 'tis the 
end of a perfect day," and other similar ex- 
pressions were heard from those who dis- 
embarked from the boats Welcome and 
Winner on Sunday, August 12th. The occa- 
sion was the first annual picnic and boat 
ride of the Terre Haute telephone employes 
and their families, which was in charge of 
a committee composed of W. H. Shaffer. 
F. W. Rolen and W. A. Shaw. The party 
left the landing at 9 a. m. and steamed 
up the Wabash River for about fourteen 
miles, where they were landed on the Otter 
Creek Bar, made famous by the visitation 
in former years of the Bell Telephone So- 
ciety of Terre Haute. Here all the grown- 
ups threw off their age and became children 
again, enjoying such sports as swimming, 
wading, running, jumping, digging in the 
sand, etc. Between times the ladies pro- 
duced well-filled lunch baskets which were 
soon disposed of. After spending several 
hours on the beach the party proceeded up 
the river and viewed the points of interest. 
On the return trip a stop was made at 
Durkee's Ferry, and the whole party in- 
spected a new coal mine. Dancing, singing 
and speaking was the program as the boat 
slowly proceeded south. One of the fea- 
tures of the ride was the singing of a quar- 
tette composed of Ethelbert Seymour Ball, 
Russell George Williams, Clarence 
"Skinny" Johnson and George "Utellum" 
Denman. Among the other entertainers 
were: J. Colfax Arnold, clog dancer; 
Mrs. W. A. Shaw, speaker; Master Fisher, 
violinist; Mrs. John Arnold, pianist; W. 
Albertus Shaw, mandolinist; Geo. Denman 
and "Miss" Skinny Johnson, fancy dancers. 
Owing to the fact that this picnic was such 
a success, the boats have been engaged for 
Sunday, September 2d, by a committee com- 
posed of Messrs. Geo. Denman, Clarence 
Johnson and John C. Arnold. All of those 
present signified their intention of attend- 
ing the proposed pic- 
nic if they could re- 
cover in time from the 
effects of this one. 
Among (the out-of- 
town guests were Mr. 
and Mrs. Or vail 
Crooke and daughter, 
of the Indianapolis 
exchange who motored 
over Saturday and re- 
mained until Monday 
with Mr. and Mrs. W. 
A. Shaw. Among those 
conspicuous by their 
absence were Mr. 
and Mrs. Chigger 
and Mr. and Mrs. 
Mosquito and their 
families. 



Illinois Division 

A. J. Parsons, Correspondent, 
Springfield 

Centralia District 

Miss Alice Taylor, toll operator at Cen- 
tralia, 111., spent a two weeks' vacation at 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Miss Tuscon Leo, local operator at Cen- 
tralia, 111., spent a two weeks' vacation at 
Dallas, Tex. Owing to the cool summer, 
Miss Leo decided to get warmed up. One 
hundred and ten in the shade is considered 
just right in Dallas. 

Miss Anna Hueskemeier, local operator 
at Centralia, 111., enjoyed a two weeks' 
vacation at Bloomington, 111. 

Miss Odessa Waldie has accepted a posi- 
tion as local operator at Centralia, 111. 



Decatur District 

The 6 a. m. girls, a club consisting of 
from twelve to fourteen operators, had a 
very enjoyable time Thursday, August 9th, 
at Fairview Park, as the accompanying pic- 
tures indicate. The girls report a fine time 
and an excellent supper. It being just 
after the cut-over at Decatur, the relaxa- 
tion was a great benefit to all participants. 

Miss Anna McShane, clerk in the com- 
mercial department, resigned her position 
on July 7th to take a position with the 
Standard Oil Company. 

Miss Aileen Perl, clerk in the commercial 
department, resigned on July 23d and was 
married in St. Louis to Charles Six of 
Warrensburg, 111., where they will reside. 
Miss Perl's wedding came as a complete 
surprise to all her fellow employes and 
friends. 

Miss Grace Goodrich, toll supervisor, re- 
signed her position on July loth and left 
for Houston, Tex., where she will prob- 
ably be employed with the telephone com- 
pany at that place. 

Mrs. Edna Coberly resigned July 15th 
and will take up housekeeping. Mrs. 
Coberly was married during the summer but 



remained with the company for a short 
time on account of the heavy work. 

L. L. Thomas, chief clerk to the district 
manager, has been granted a leave of ab- 
sence on account of enlisting in the medical 
corps of the United States army. 

A. L. Cummings, commercial agent at 
Peoria, 111., has been transferred to the 
position of chief clerk. 



Galesburg District 

C. S. Ostrander and H. F. Johnson, re- 
pairmen at Galesburg, have enlisted in the 
Signal Corps, and at present are at Jeffer- 
son Barracks near St. Louis, taking train- 
ing. 

E. S. Sterrit of Henry, 111., and George 
Cossman, sales manager of the Western 
Electric Company, Chicago, were callers at 
the Galesburg exchange recently. 

Neil Wilcox, testman at Galesburg, spent 
his vacation on an auto trip with his wife 
to Chicago, Starved Rock and other points 
in Illinois. A fine example this for the 
married men who leave their wives at 
home. 

Jas. Conaty, plant chief, and family, with 
a party of friends, spent several days on a 
camping trip on the Spoon River. They 
report having a fine time and plenty of 
fish. 

C. E. Wood, toll line testman, has re- 
turned to work after a week's pleasant 
vacation. 

D. S. Barnstead, commercial agent, with 
his family visited in Chicago several days 
at the home of his father. 

Miss Maud Haggenjos, chief operator at 
Galesburg, leaves to spend her vacation in 
Chicago and Milwaukee. Touching the 
high spots. 

Miss Eva Strickland spent her .vacation 
in Chicago. Rumor has it that the bathing 
beaches were the attraction. 

Miss Luda Long returned to Galesburg 
after spending her vacation in Hannibal, 
Mo. 

W. E. Pickering, plant chief's clerk, and 
family expect to go to Table Grove and 
Quiver Beach to spend their vacation. - 




THE FAMOUS DECATUR PICNIC. 



Jacksonville 
District 

Miss Stella Hull, 
toll operator at Jack- 
sonville, who was mar- 
ried recently, resigned 
July 31st and was suc- 
ceeded by Miss Esther 
McCarty. Miss Mc- 
Carty, who was local 
operator, was succeed- 
ed by Miss Hazel Rus- 
tcmeyer. 

Miss Carrie Hender- 
son, collector at the 
Jacksonville exchange, 
left for a two weeks' 
vacation on August 
13th. 

U— 



6 



BELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



Ed Decker, repairman at the Jacksonville 
exchange, has returned from a three-hun- 
dred-mile auto trip through the northern 
part of the state. He reports having a fine 
trip. 

Misses Myrtle and Esther McCarty, op- 
erators at the Jacksonville exchange, spent 
their vacation camping at Quiver Beach 
near Havana. 



Quincy District 

Miss Anna Mitchell, chief operator, is 
spending a week in the country on a Mis- 
souri farm, where the chickens are wild, 
and the natives eat pie for breakfast. 

Miss Edna Niekamp, toll operator, has 
accepted a position with the Chicago Tele- 
phone Company. 

Miss Aletha Gard, traffic clerk, is spend- 
ing a two weeks' vacation in Chicago. 

Miss Ella Schaefcr, commercial clerk, 
spent her vacation of two weeks in the 
vicinity of Fort Sheridan, visiting her 
brother, who is training at the fort. That's 
the kind of sister to have, and the kind of 
brother, too ! 

R. E. Mopps, foreman, attended the pic- 
nic at Peoria August 5th. 

A. L. Taylor, district manager of Jack- 
sonville, 111., was a visitor at the Quincy 
exchange the latter part of July. 



Paris District 

Miss Fay Rodman, local operator at 
Paris, 111., has returned from a two weeks' 
vacation spent at Canton, 111. 

-Miss Ethel Bohrer has accepted a posi- 
tion as local operator at the Paris office. 

Miss Nell Stubbs, day toll operator, left 
August 1st for Portsmouth, Ohio, where 
she spent her vacation. 

Miss Nina Blair, local operator, has been 
transferred to the position of night oper- 
ator at the Paris office. 

Lineman Jack Ferris at Marshall, 111., 
has resigned to take a position with the 
Ohio Oil Company. 

Miss Ada Walker, operator at Charles- 
ton, 111., has resigned and left September 
1st for her future home in Montana. 

Miss Opal Nunamaker, operator at 
Greenup, 111., spent her vacation in Indian- 
apolis, Ind., and St. Louis, Mo. 

The men employed by the Coles County 
Telephone and Telegraph Company 
throughout the county held an outing at 
Lee's Shack, east of Charleston, one Sun- 
day last month. The Mattoon men left 
early in the morning and were joined by 
those from Humboldt, Charleston and Oak- 
land, all making the trip in cars. 

The party took along its own nose-bags, 
and had a "great ole time." 

The members present from over the 
county were : C. W. Thompson, Hill Moss, 
Russell Catron, Hugh Beall, J. W. Grider. 
Dan George, Ernest Reel, Frank Osborn, 
Glen Talbot, Ed Bailey, Harrison Howard, 
Otto Goble, C. W. Hensley, John Mc- 
Laughlin. Charles Mayes, A. J. Brumleve, 
Charles Horton, Frank Johnson, Edward 
Wilson, Sale Bowen, Glen Edmonds, C. W. 
— U 



Hersey, Wayne Handwork, Hubert Mc- 
Kenzie, E. R. Williams, Ernest Sanders, 
W. B. Bombarger, Lea Rutherford and 
Earl Sanders. 



Rockford District 

Miss Linda Scheel, directory clerk at 
Rockford, has returned from a vacation 
Spent at DeKalb, 111. 

Miss Helen Meehan, clerk at Rockford, 
has returned from Indiana, where she en- 
joyed her vacation. 

Miss Edna Wilmarth of the Rockford 
bookkeeping department, is back at her 
desk after enjoying her vacation. 

Mrs. T. R. Beane is on her vacation and 
is visiting in Indiana. 

Katherine McGrath, service observer at 
Rockford, is enjoying a two weeks' vaca- 
tion. 

Miss Agnes Nolan has taken a position 
as clerk in the commercial department, suc- 
ceeding Miss Pearl Apitz, who was mar- 
ried on June 4th to A. L. Greenberg. 

The Misses Harriett Kostka, Erma Kelly 
and Ruth Peterson of the traffic department 
are members of a house party in camp at 
Lake Waubesa, Wisconsin. 

Miss Blanche Pfanstiel, traffic clerk, has 
returned from a vacation spent in Iowa. 

A. A. Wicks, plant clerk, spent his vaca- 
tion in Davenport, and reports a delightful 
time. 

Melvin Fowler, testman at the Rockford 
exchange, has enlisted in Company "K," 
Third Illinois Infantry, and is awaiting 
orders, with his company, to entrain for 
Texas, for further training. Fowler is suc- 
ceded by W. Dunning. 

On Thursday, June 28th, a dozen of the 
traffic girls enjoyed a very elaborate picnic 
supper given at the summer cottage of one 
of the "toll" girls. They had a delightful 
time. 



A Wire Chief's Prayer 

By Mary Rouse. 
When vou take up a cord to answer a 
call 

Be sure to do it the right way, 
For full many a cord has come to an end 
By a careless hand, they say. 

Just pick it up by its little red sleeve 
Without that savage jerk, 

And your cords will live to a good old 
age- 
It will save your wire chief work. 



Ladder Accidents 

Telephone men have comparatively few 
ladder accidents. This fact is largely due 
to the care exercised by the force in gen- 
eral. We do, however, have occasional 
ladder accidents. The cases are almost 
always due to insufficient care. The bor- 
rowed ladder is the chief offender ; even 
when new, being constructed of too light 
material and poorly put together, it is a 
weak structure and should be used only 
with the greatest caution. 



* Always treat a borrowed ladder with 
suspicion. Look it over carefully before 
going on it and then use it in a manner 
which will subject it to the least strain. 



How the American Army Works 

It is but a short time since we in this 
country read of the arrival of the first ex- 
pedition of the American army at "some 
port in France." 

The French people and especially the of- 
ficers of the French army stand aghast at 
the way the Americans brush aside "red 
tape" and "do things." The following, 
taken from a letter from Paris by a war 
correspondent, shows the grit of an officer 
in charge of the Amexes : 

A point in illustration was the lack of 
telephone facilities when on the day of his 
arrival an American general with the first 
expeditionary forces desired to get in im- 
mediate touch with General Pershing, who 
was still in Paris. While the people in the 
port were still cheering him he was con- 
ducted to the local post office, where the 
telephone lines converge and the booths are 
located, and demanded General Pershing's 
telephone number in Paris. 

The girl in charge of the station replied 
very politely and considerably agitated at 
her first view of an American general close 
up, "Number 23, if you please, sir!" 

"Twenty-three," returned the General in 
astonishment. "What does that meanr 
Twenty-three minutes, twenty-three sec- 
onds ?" 

"Twenty-three calls before you, Monsieur 
le General. It takes about ten minutes for 
each call. In about four hours — " 

"Cancel the call," ordered the General 
shortly, at the same time calling his Chief 
of Staff. 

"String up four lin s of wire between 
here and Paris and start the work at once," 
he ordered. "You can use the same poles." 

The American "Amby" telephone service 
was at work in five minutes. In ten there 
was a great hubbub in the local administra- 
tion. First a petty officer of the telephone 
company ran up ; he was succeeded by a 
breathless controller of the telephone lines 
of the port, then the Director himself, until 
a veritable hierarchy of officials, large and 
small, was excitedly breathing expostula- 
tions. 

"But, Monsieur le General," they cried in 
a body, "you must have an authorization — " 

"We will have," interrupted the General. 

"But there must be a commission to ex- 
amine into this — " 

"Very well. Appoint one!" 

"But there are competent authorities who 
must decide — " 

"Get them together." 

During the whole of this dialogue the 
telegraphists were busily at work. Whether 
the "authorization" without which all busi- 
ness, whether civilian or of army, is par- 
alyzed in France, has yet arrived, no one is 
at all sure. The fact remains that the 
telephone service is now in working order. 



BELL TELEPHONE*NEWJ 



7 



Our National Anthem 

Can you repeat it? Are you sure even 
of the first verse ? Do your children 
know it? 

These are questions which Americans 
may well ask themselves today. 

Do you and your children remember 
clearly how this stirring poem came to be 
written? How Francis Scott Key, back in 
1814 was detained 
on a British ship, 
and looking 
through the port- 
hole saw Old Glory 
riving over Fort 
McHenry which 
was being bom- 
barded. 

If you have ne- 
clected our national 
hymn, read it over 
once more. 

This action may 
result in your feel- 
ing a renewed pride 
in your nationality, 
and a new determi- 
nation to serve the 
national purpose in 
the way which is 
best suited to your 
condition in life. 



But now he's a man, a soldier, 

And we lend him listening ear, 
For his heart is a heart all loyai, 

Unscourged by the curses of fear. 
His dad when he told him, shuddered, 

His mother — God bless her ! — cried ; 
Yet, blest with a mother-nature. 

She wept with a mother-pride. 
But he whose old shoulders straightened 



Systematic 
Saving 



Systematic saving 
is the safe road that 
leads to wealth. 
There are few short 
aits. 

Saving means en- 
er gy, system, per- 
severance. Thus ju- 
dicious saving en- 
riches your charac- 
ter as well as your bank account. 

It is better to make your expenses fit 
your income than to try to make your in- 
come fit your expenses. 



The Star-Spangled Banner 

By Francis Scott Key 

O say, can you see, by the dawn's early light, 

What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming — 
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight 

O'er the ramparts we zvatched were so gallantly streaming ! 
And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air, 
Gave proof through the night, that our flag was still there; 
O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave 
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the brave. 

On that shore dimly seen through the mist of the deep, 

Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes, 
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep. 

As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? 
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam, 
In full glory reflected now shines on the stream; 
'Tis the star-spangled banner; O long may it wave 
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the brave! 



And zvhere is that band who so vauntingly swore 
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion 
A home and a country should leave us no more? 

Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution 
No refuge could save the hireling and slave 
From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave; 
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wav^ 
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the brave. 



0 thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand 

Between their loved homes and the war's desolation! 
Blest with victory and peace, may the heav'n-rescued land 

Praise the pozver that hath made and preserved us a nation 
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just, 
And this be our motto— "IN GOD IS OUR TRUST": 
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave 
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the brave. 



Worldly Wisdom 

Remember this — tomorrow's executives 
must come from the ranks of today. 
There is no other place to draw from. 
And if you would be an executive tomor- 
row, commence laying the foundation to- 
day. If you would rise from the crowd, 
you must perform better. Take better care 
of your body than the crowd; take more 
thought of what 
you read: cease 
wondering what 
department manager 
does to make him- 
self worth five 
times as much as 
you are, and find 
out — for, rest as- 
sured, he earns it. It 
would take longer 
to find a good man 
to fill his shoes than 
yours, and this is 
precisely why he 
draws a bigger sal- 
ary than you. Take 
the tip — make your 
job harder to fill. 
Do you work so 
well that Tom, Dick 
or Harry can't step 
right in and fill your 
place. Learn things 
outside your depart- 
ment ; the next 
vacancy may occur 
elsewhere. — Selling 
Sense. 



Was Grandad — for memory ran 
To years when he too, a youngster, 
Was changed by the Flag to a man ! 
— W. M. Herschell, in Indianapolis News. 



The Kid Has Gone to the Colors 

The Kid has gone to the Colors 

And we don't know what to say ; 
The Kid we have loved and cuddled 

Stepped out for the Flag today. 
We thought him a child, a baby, 

With never a care at all, 
But his country called him mar-size, 

And the Kid has heard the call. 

He paused to watch the recruiting, 

Where, fired by the fife and drum, 
He bowed his head to Old Glory 

And thought it whispered : "Come !" 
The Kid, not being a slacker, 

Stood forth with patriot-joy 
To add his name to the roster— 

And God, we're proud of the boy ! 

The Kid has gone to the Colors; 

It seems but a little while 
Since he drilled a schoolboy armv 

In a truly martial style. 



Price Went Up 

Testman ; "I don't cet the signal for 
your nickel." 

Subscriber: "Well, I tried to get it in 
the top, but could not push it down, so I 
put it in at the bottom and pushed it up." 



Central's First Aid 

Breathless subscriber: "Say, Central, 
would you please start ringing my 'phone 
at six o'clock and keep on ringing till my 
husband answers? I have a cake in the 
oven but the soldiers are coming and I 
must leave." 

Central asked if she should tell him 
about the cake, but subscriber said, "Oh, 
no, he will smell it; only tell him to be 
sure and put some wood in the stove." 

The cake was a success. — Telephone 
Talk. 



Jefferson's Nine 
Rules 

Never put off un- 
til to-morrow what 
you can do to-day. 
Never trouble another for what you can 
do yourself. 

Never spend your money before you have 
made it. 

Never buy what you don't want because 
it is cheap. 

Pride costs more than hunger, thirst and 
cold 

We seldom regret of having eaten too 
little. 

Nothing is troublesome that we do 
willingly. 

How much pain the evils that have never 
happened have cost us. 

Take things always by the smooth handle. 



It Might 

"Hello,"' said the voice of the village 
joker at one end of the line, "is this the 
Gem pharmacy ? 

"It is," answered the busy druggist. 

"Do you keep carbolic acid?" 

"We do." 

"Well, wouldn't that kill you?" — Ex- 
hang e. 

U— 



8 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



War Activities of the Bell System 

Reprinted trom The Telephone News. 



it the thought should ever occur to any 
telephone employe that possibly he or she 
might be able to serve the country better 
by leaving his or her present work and 
joining the army or navy, becoming an 
aviator, or Red Cross nurse, driving an 
ambulance, making ammunition, or doing 
something else that has more the flavor of 
war about it, we say that if any employe 
thinks of doing these things and giving up 
the telephone business, we ask him to 
read seriously and carefully the following 
article, which describes some of the re- 
sponsibilities resting upon the Bell Sys- 
tem and its organization, some of the worl 
which it has done and is doing for the 
government, some of the problems which 
have to be solved and something of the 
part which every employe should regard 
it as a noble and patriotic duty to per- 
form right in the job he occupies- 

Immediately upon the breaking off of 
diplomatic relations the proper officials of 
the Bell System got in touch with the coun- 
cil of national defense, the president of 
the war college, the chief signal officer of 
the army, the director of naval commu- 
nications and other officials of the navy 
department. Harmonious and effective 
methods of cooperation were immediately 
established so that we have, notwithstand- 
ing the extraordinary demands upon us, 
met in a most satisfactory manner all of 
the varied and unusual requirements of 
the government. Some of these require- 
ments and the nature of our activities may 
be gathered from the following : 

Precedence to Government Business 

Elaborate plans were promptly worked 
out with the authorities at Washington 
whereby, throughout the Bell System in 
every part of the United States, all gov- 
ernment toll calls, including all depart- 
ments and officials, were given precedence 
over commercial business. The giving of 
this special service required extraordinary 
action on the part of the telephone officials 
everywhere, which included the special 
drilling of some 12,000 long-line operators 
in different parts of the United States. 

Precedence was also given to installa- 
tion and maintenance work for the gov- 
ernment and, notwithstanding the diffi- 
culties of obtaining raw material and find- 
ing the necessary labor and the practical 
freight embargoes which have existed in 
many parts of the United States, it has 
been possible to provide promptly a tele- 
phone plant required for all of the emer- 
gencies of the government which have 
arisen. 

Long-Distance Service Between Wash- 
ington and Other Points 

The long-line facilities in and out of 
Washington have been practically doubled, 



having been increased from 148 wires to 
294 wires. This increase of long-toll lines 
required, of course, a proportionate in- 
crease in toll-line switchboards and opera- 
tors. Plans are now making for a still 
further increase of these facilities, as 
soon as the manufacturing resources of 
the country can furnish the required ma- 
terial. 

The raw material resources are now be- 
ing canvassed with a view to the manu- 
facture and laying of a new underground 
cable all the way from Washington to New 
York, containing over 80,000 miles of wire, 
providing at the same time for service to 
Baltimore, Wilmington, Philadelphia, Tren- 
ton and other important cities. 

In addition to this cable, and also de- 
pending upon the availability of manufac- 
turing resources and our ability to get 
raw material, we have planned to string 
additional copper wire in many directions. 
When all this work is completed there will 
be about 500 long-distance wires radiating 
from Washington as compared with 148, 
which existed last January. But in order 
to provide for the heavy requirements of 
the government growing out of the war 
a vast amount of work is, of course, re- 
quired in other places than Washington. 

General Toll Service for Government 

The toll-line situation throughout the 
Bell System has been carefully checked in 
detail and provision made so that the gov- 
ernment will receive adequate toll service 
even in case of a very large increase in 
business. This work has involved, in ad- 
dition to many other places, the consid- 
eration of calls between Washington and 
the headquarters of all the naval districts, 
the army department headquarters and oth- 
er points which are likely to be important 
to the army, navy or other government 
departments. It is interesting to record 
in this connection that good telephone serv- 
ice can be given between Washington and 
the headquarters of every army depart- 
ment and naval district in the United 
States. 

Provision has also been made for han- 
dling telephone calls promptly even with 
a large increase in business between the 
various army department headquarters and 
the state capitols, the various army posts 
and .the national and state mobilization 
camps in each department. 

In connection with the demand for ad- 
ditional and special service outlined above, 
it has been necessary to make important 
additions to the toll-line plants of the 
American Telephone and Telegraph Com- 
pany and its Associated Companies at 
many places. The transcontinental line 
between Chicago and San Francisco may 
be mentioned as an example of this work, 
where one circuit is sufficient for the ex- 
isting commercial through business, but. 
where the work has been nearly completed 
for providing two more circuits the entire 
distance, thus making three transcontinen- 



tal circuits available for the long haul busi- 
ness, where only one exists to-day. 

Special Private Wire Service 

Comprehensive plans have been worked 
out for special telephone and telegraph 
wire systems for the exclusive use of the 
war, navy and other departments of the 
government. In addition to setting aside 
the circuits themselves, it has been neces- 
sary to provide a large amount of special 
equipment at many of the important points. 
Over 10,000 miles of such special systems 
have already been taken from commercial 
use and devoted exclusively to the service 
of the navy, agriculture and other depart- 
ments. In the case of the war department, 
little in the way of exclusive wire service 
has yet been called for, but a very com- 
prehensive system has been worked out in 
cooperation with the signal corps, which 
will be put into service upon the call of 
the chief signal officer. 

Plans were also made for important ad- 
ditions to the Washington local telephone 
plant. These plans are now being rap- 
idly executed and the local telephone facili- 
ties of Washington are being rapidly in- 
creased. 

Switchboard additions are being made 
to all of the telephone central offices in 
Washington and an entirely new central 
office, of an ultimate capacity of 10,000 
lines, is being installed. 

The operating force has been largely in- 
creased and will be still further strength- 
ened from a large number of new opera- 
tors which have been placed in training. 

For a number of the government de- 
partments, notably the war and navy de- 
partments, it has been necessary to re- 
move the switchboards, which were ample 
for peace conditions, and install switch- 
boards needed for the traffic caused by the 
war. Similar replacements and enlarge- 
ments are now under way for the Wash- 
ington navy yard, treasury and other gov- 
ernment departments. 

Work at Army Posts, Navy Yards, etc 

The telephone companies throughout the 
Bell System have cooperated with the 
army and navy authorities in making thor- 
ough inspections of the existing telephone 
plants at all the important army posts, 
navy yards, etc., and in making large ad- 
ditions to the existing telephone facilities 
at many of those plants. 

In some cases it has been necessary to 
provide complete new switchboard equip- 
ments very much larger than those which 
existed before, and in other cases addi- 
tions have b.een made to the existing tele- 
phone plants in the way of switchboard 
positions, cable plant, station equipment 
and equipment to meet many special mili- 
tary requirements. Some of these enlarge- 
ments have been necessary simply to meet 
the increase in activities at these points 
and in other cases additional plant has 
been required for special purposes, such 
as the reserve officers' training camps and 



BELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



9 



the enlargement of the units of the regu- 
lar army. 

Mobilization Camps 

Notice has been received from the sig- 
nal corps that the commercial telephone 
companies must be ready to provide a 
large amount of telephone service, both 
local and toll, which will be required at 
the mobilization camps which will be es- 
tablished shortly for the training of the 
new army. At each one of these camps 
it is expected that at least 30,000 men will 
be trained, and this means practically the 
establishment of a new city of 30,000 in- 
habitants for which complete telephone 
service, both local and toll, must be pro- 
vided, not only for the military purposes 
of the camp, but also for the personal 
needs of the officers and men. It has al- 
ready developed that thirty-two such camps 
will be required for the training of the 
militia and the first draft of 500,000 men. 
To provide this service it will be neces- 
sary to build, maintain and operate all 
these new telephone systems, which will 
call for hundreds of positions of special 
switchboard, a large amount of outside 
plant and equipment for thousands of sta- 
tions. Beyond this it will be necessary to 
make considerable additions to the local 
telephone plants of the nearby cities or 
towns as well as additions to the toll lines 
radiating from those places. Provision has 
already been made so that the construc- 
tion of these telephone systems can be un- 
dertaken as soon as the mobilization camps 
are definitely located. 

United States Coast Guard 

At the request of the United States coast 
guard officials the engineers of the Bell 
System have given them a large amount of 
assistance in working out complete plans 
for the enlargement of the United States 
coast guard telephone system on the At- 
lantic, Gulf of Mexico and Pacific coasts. 
These plans call for providing telephone 
connections at approximately 100 light- 
houses and 200 - coast guard stations, and 
involve laying about 300 miles of subma- 
rine cable, constructing over 650 miles of 
pole line, and stringing over 1,200 miles of 
wire. This work will involve an expendi- 
ture on the part of the coast guard of up- 
wards of $1,000,000 and arrangements have 
been made, at the request of the coast 
guard, to have each Bell associated com- 
pany perform the work required in its re- 
spective territory. In order to connect the 
coast guard plant with the Bell System and 
provide the kind and grade of service re- 
quired by the coast guard officials it will 
be necessary for the various associated 
companies to make large additions to their 
own plants. 

Special Telephone Faciliti es for the Use 
of the National Guard 

Many regiments of the National Guard 
are engaged in different parts of the coun- 
try in guarding the important railroads, 
bridges, water supply systems, etc. To fa- 
cilitate this work it has been necessary for 



the telephone companies to provide con- 
siderable amounts of special telephone serv- 
ice. This has involved the installation in 
the greatest haste of special station equip- 
ment at important points which are being 
guarded, together with facilities so that 
communication can be had between those 
points and other points which are the head- 
quarters for this work. 

Extraordinary Maintenance Work 

In order that the government service 
may be maintained with the least possible 
interruption, the usual maintenance work 
throughout the Bell System at points and 
on lines important to the government has 
been supplemented by extraordinary tests 
and inspections, and this sort of work will 
be continued throughout the present emer- 
gency. 

Work for the Navy 

Our cooperation with the navy has been 
greatly facilitated because they were asso- 
ciated with us in the work which we did 
in the successful transmission of speech 
across the Atlantic and across the continent 
and the Pacific to Hawaii. 

In addition to this, by order of Secre- 
tary of the Navy Daniels, telephone offi- 
cials of the Bell System and navy officers 
planned and successfully carried out a 
three-day mobilization of communication 
forces, during which time war conditions 
were simulated. This was done a year 
ago. Instantaneous communication was 
provided over the wires of the Bell Sys- 
tem by both telephone and telegraph from 
the office of the secretary of the navy at 
Washington to all the naval stations in the 
continental United States, and telephone 
communication was maintained between the 
office of the secretary of the navy and an 
American battleship in the Atlantic ocean. 

Plans were then made for communica- 
tion systems to be established in time of 
war. It was very gratifying to find, upon 
the outbreak of hostilities, that these plans 
were ready. They were followed in every 
substantial particular, and they have been 
found in practical operation to be as high- 
ly satisfactory as they were in the mob- 
ilization conducted about a year before the 
war. 

Many other activities of this kind now 
engage the attention of our engineering 
and experimental scientists in connection 
with the work for the navy. 

Work for the Army 

Our cooperation with the army has also 
been greatly assisted by the arrangements 
made by Brigadier-General George O. 
Squier with the companies of the Bell Sys- 
tem for the organizing of reserve officers 
and men for the signal corps to be avail- 
able in time of war. The companies of 
the Bell System, by resolutions of their 
boards of directors, gave liberal financial 
encouragement to all who entered this par- 
ticular branch of the army. > 

Altogether about fourteen battalions of 
picked officers and men have been formed 



or are now forming, prepared to take the 
field as a part of the United States Signal 
Corps. 

In connection with the work of the army 
also our engineering and scientific staff are 
doing important development work in such 
matters as perfecting means of communi- 
cation with aeroplanes and in the improve- 
ment of detecting and firing devices for 
submarine mines, and in many other ways. 

Total Force Provided for Army and Navy 

Mention has already been made of the 
officers and men of the Bell System who 
have gone into the signal corps service. 

At the request of the navy department 
the Bell System has also supplied certain 
officers, for the naval coast defense reserve, 
to assist the navy in various communica- 
tion matters. 

Altogether some 2,500 men have been 
provided by the Bell System for the signal 
corps and the naval coast defense reserve. 

In addition to this, about 2,000 men in 
the Bell System are members of the 
National Guard and the naval militia or 
are otherwise under oath to present them- 
selves when called for. 

About 150 more Bell employes have al- 
ready joined the officers' training camps 
which have recently been established. 

This makes a total of over 4,600 men 
from the Bell System who are now or will 
shortly be engaged in military service. 

This is over ten per cent, of the male 
employes of the Bell System between the 
ages of twenty-one and thirty. This num- 
ber of volunteer employes, furthermore, is 
about twice as great as the number which 
would be called for under the draft. 

Aside from the requirements imposed 
by the entrance of our country into the 
war, the construction program for the tele- 
phone companies for the current year is 
the greatest in the history of the telephone 
business, due to the extraordinary com- 
mercial and manufacturing activity created 
in this country by the European war. The 
increased demands upon our government 
have required that material and apparatus 
be diverted from commercial use so that 
the urgent demands of the army and navy 
and other departments of the government 
could be met. These demands are so im- 
perative and the shortage of material and 
the difficulties of obtaining labor and trans- 
portation are so great that we will be able 
to meet the still further requirements which 
have been outlined only by diverting still 
larger amounts of material and apparatus 
from commercial purposes to the use of 
the military authorities. 

With all seriousness and an utter ab- 
sence of boasting, every telephone employe 
should realize with new consecration and 
patriotic loyalty that in the words of Major 
General Squier, chief signal officer of the 
United States army, they "can serve their 
country in no better way than by sticking 
to their posts." 



10 



BEli/TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



Gardening Association Exhibition 



Chicago Telephone Employes Help the Nation and Have Lots of Fun Doing It. 



Carrots, office boys, turnips, officials, 
rhubarb, ladies, a lamb, a truly-rural band, 
and a large number of ordinary people 
formed an unusual combination on the 
roof of the general office building on Aug- 
ust 20th. 

The occasion was the annual exhibition 
of The Bell Telephone Gardening Asso- 
ciation, which was open to visitors from 
11 a. m. to 3 p. m. The exhibits weie 




■■■■■■■•■■■■■■■■■■MMMH 

C. L. HILL DRAWING A GUN ON DAKIN. 

vegetables and flowers, grown, or alleged 
to be grown, by members of the associa- 
tion. Where the committee believed th.it 
the products were actually raised by the 
party presenting them, a card was placed 

over the exhibit "Grown by ," where 

there was serious doubt the card read "Ex- 
hibited by -." This shows the wis- 
dom, thoroughness, and courage of the 
committee. 

The tables on which the exhibits were 
displayed were arranged in the shape of a 
rectangle giving 390 square feet of space. 
Straw, cornstalks, and other vegetation 
was used for decoration, and red, white 
and blue bunting was draped over the 
walls. Mr. Moebius and his truly-rural 
band played everything from "jass" band 
music to "The Star Spangled Banner." 

There were 32 exhibitors and 222 sepa- 
rate exhibits, 176 consisting of vegetables, 
19 of flowers, 3 of fruit, 16 of canned vege- 
tables, 7 of canned fruit and vegetables, 
and 1 lamb. The lamb was not canned. 

Three grand prizes, each consisting of a 
five dollar gold piece in a suitable case, 
were awarded for the best general ex- 
hibits. Five prizes of the second class 
were given, these consisting of useful gar- 
dening implements. The latter prizes were 
awarded to those securing the greatest 
number of first and second ribbons. The 
grand prizes were offered by the associa- 
tion, and the others by the W. W. Barnard 
Company. 

The judges were Vice-President Alonzo 
Burt, General Manager W. R. Abbott, and 



M. S. Smith, an official of the W. W. 
Barnard Seed Company. Mr. Smith is a 
man of great experience and geniality — 
the association was very grateful for his 
help. 

The arrangements were in the hands of 
a committee consisting of the following: 
Messrs. A. P. Hyatt, V. Ray, S. A. Rhodes, 
Lawrence F. Hill, D. C. Holloway, and O. 
L. Halberg. 

The busy-bee has nothing on Messrs. 
Dakin, Hyatt and Holloway, who were 
selected by the committee to make the final 
arrangements for the display. 

Among the most interesting exhibits 
was a lamb, shown by J. E. Rhorbaugh, 
representing' Margaret Mackin Hall. The 
attitude of this fierce looking animal was 
disconcerting; it "baad" in a most fero- 
cious manner. If our own wild-animal- 
trainer Rhorbaugh had not been in constant 
attendance there might have been a tragedy. 

The only feminine exhibitor was Miss 
Judith R. Shima, who showed marigolds 
and phlox. 

Among E. H. Bangs' exhibits was a car- 
rot having one flat side, a description of it 
being displayed by Mr. Bangs worded .is 
follows : 




"ONE OF THE FIFTY-TWO CAR- 
ROTS GROWN IN A 6x32 INCH 
PORCH BOX." 

"Yes, sure, this is the best of the fifty- 
two carrots, but at that the others are not 
so carrotten. This is no ordinary carrot. 
Examine it carefully, you will note that 
one side is flat. This is no freak of na- 
ture, but was developed for a specific pur- 
pose. This is a non-skidding carrot. In 




JUDGES W. R. ABBOTT AND ALONZO 
BURT PASSING ON THE' MARGARET 
MACKIN HALL EXHIBIT. 



D. C. HOLLOWAY, 

Caught with the goods — trying to influence 
Judge Smith. 



the kitchen it will lie quiet in the kettle 
or stew pan — on the table it will not roll 
from the knife — in shipment it can be 
placed in square boxes without wasting 
space. A marvelous development. Entered 
in the intensive farming contest." 

(Signed) E. H. Bangs. 
Also among Mr. Bangs' exhibits was 
what he was pleased to term a "young 
century plant." In his description of the 
plant he says "Not over eighteen years of 
age. Does not use liquor or tobacco. 
Has no bad habits and should live to be 
more than one hundred years old. FOR 
SALE, as owner believes in the rotation 
of crops." 

Another exhibit was what he termed "a 
purple Peruvian Pye Plant" or "Aerial 
Beetz." "Grows only at high altitudes. 
These were raised thirty-two feet above 
the surface of the ground. Entered in alti- 
tude contest for vegetables raised in third 
floor apartments renting for not more than 
$65 per month." 

A number of members loaned their rib- 
bons immediately after the exhibit and are 
requested through this column to see that 
they are returned as soon as they have 
served their purpose at the borrowers 
homes. Maintenance department, please 
copy. 

The Conrad-Cline combine nearly won a 
prize with their twin kohlrabi. However, 
its pedigree could not be ascertained, as 
each claimed that he had fathered it, so 
the judges passed it up. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



1 1 




GARDENING ASSOCIATION EXHIBITION. 
From top downwards — General view of exhibition — inevitable small boys in foreground. The only zoological exhibit. Dakin handing 
the prizes to (left to right) F. R. Marks, W. A. Piees, J. E. Rhorbaugh. Plees is really more pleased than he appears. Miss Judith R. 
na. Mrs. A. P. Hyatt, suspected of having much to do with A. P.'s success as a prize-winner. Two members of The Bell Telephone News 
r after having been bribed to write a good report of the exhibition. Some exhibits. Some more exhibits. 



12 



RELLTELEPHONE-NEWJ 



One of the members was too late to be 
assigned a space for his exhibit. His car 
stalled on the way down and it was neces- 
sary to send a company truck to tow it 
over from South Water street. 

A visitor not connected with the com- 
pany remarked that she was much sur- 




THE FAMOUS PERUVIAN PYE PLANT. 



prised to see so many janitors who were 
musicians. Some jass band! 

One of the members of the committee 
who received a red ribbon for his wax 
beans was about to receive a blue ribbon 
for beans of the Pixley & Ehler variety 
when Judge Smith pointed out that they 
were potatoes. Mr. Abbott sees much bet- 
ter when he wears his glasses. 

One of the exhibitors complained that 
most of his exhibit had been eaten before 
the prizes had been awarded. A blonde 
young man, wearing a pompadour, and in 
silk shirt sleeves, was seen loitering sus- 
piciously in the vicinity of the exhibit and 
it was later learned that he did not go out 
to lunch that day. 

Agricultural Expert Visits Exhibition. 

The association was fortunate in having 
as a visitor an agriculturalist of interna- 
tional reputation, a gentleman who has 
spent a great deal of his time in Brazil, 
and who is a nut expert. Our friend, 
while preferring to remain unknown by 
name, was good enough to offer friendly 
criticism and advice, which the members 
of the association will do well to read 
carefully. 

A casual glance over the exhibits showed 
that the members realized the necessity of 
careful grooming of their products. The 
way in which the rhubarb's hair was cut 
and the faces of the carrots washed was 
highly commended. 

The short, fat cucumbers described on 
the card as "Long Green Cucumbers" drew 
forth some very valuable advice. From 
the experience of a life-time spent with 
cucumbers our friend advises that cucum- 
bers suffer from temperamental contrari- 



ness. The remedy is to prune the tree 
after it reaches the height of about six 
feet. This stunts the growth of the cucum- 
ber. The old-fashioned method of send- 
ing a boy up to shake the tree should be 
avoided in gathering cucumbers. 

The egg-plant exhibit was highly com- 
mended, but it was obvious that the plant 
had been placed under the hen somewhat 
too late for hatching. 

The carrot exhibit, while very good, 
showed that the grower had not grasped 
the necessity of trimming the vines fre- 
quently. Unless this is done the fruit is 
apt to be impoverished, the vine running ro 
wood and foliage. 

While talking, our visitor had been 
chewing freely at the "dried beet" exhibit. 
About this time the beets began to resume 
their normal proportions, and it was found 
necessary to call a doctor. The dandelion 
wine exhibit was administered as a rem- 
edy, but our friend's condition grew worse 
—apparently what he wanted was not more 
but less to drink. 

Shortly after the exhibition the tables 
looked like a Kansas field during the grass- 
hopper plague. The grower who wasn't 
on the job at three o'clock returned to find 
that the consumers had had their day at 
last. 

Many a flower bedecked girl gave evi- 
dence that the "early bird" stuff isn't 
all that has been claimed for it. 

The interest which was aroused by the 
exhibition seems to assure a big member- 
ship in the Gardening Association next year 
and an exhibition that would do credit to a 
county fair. 

The officers and committeemen of the 
association are to be congratulated on the 
results of their efforts. 

A Complete List of Classes, Prizes and 
Prize-Winners Follows: 

The three grand prizes for the best gen- 
eral exhibits were awarded to F. R. Marks, 
W. A. Plees, and J. E. Rhorbaugh. 

H. Riffle, who took three first and four 
second prizes, won a spading fork. 

J. A. Starshack won a glass thermometer 
with two blue and two red ribbons. 

H. C. Piel with the same number of 
honors was awarded a pruning knife. 

T. Flowers with one first and two second 
prizes was awarded a lawn sprinkler. 

A. W. Blodgett with two first prizes was 
given a plant sprayer. 

Besides the above mentioned prize win- 
ners there were many others who won 
from one to two ribbons. 

Unique exhibit — E. H. Bangs. 

Dried vegetables — E. H. Bangs. 

Apples — A. W. Blodgett. 

Beans, green — First, H. Riffle ; second, 
W. Dakin. 

Beets — First, U. F. Cleveland; second, 
J W. Wallace ; second, Conrad-Cline. 

Blackberries — W. H. Lundie. 

Brussels sprouts — J. Degeeter. 

Cabbage — First, A. W. Blodgett; second, 
G. W. Noe; second, J. W. Wallace. 



Carrots— First, U. F. Cleveland; second, 
J. A. Starshack. 

Cauliflower— First, H. Riffle; second, T. 
Freeman. 

Corn— First, D. C. Holloway; second, T. 
E. Freeman ; second, Conrad-Cline. 

Cucumbers — J. A. Starshack. 

Kohl rabi — First, D. E. Holloway; sec- 
ond, T. Flowers. 

Lettuce— First, H. Riffle; second, C. L. 
Burns. 




THE TRULY RURAL BAND IN THE ACT 
OF "JASSING." 



Onions— First, A. P. Hyatt; second, N. 
Gould. 

Peppers— T. Flowers. 

Potatoes— First, R. H. Hopkins; second, 
H. Riffle. 

Rhubarb— A. P. Hyatt. 

Salsify— A. P. Hyatt. 

Squash — First, D. C. Holloway; second, 
A. P. Hyatt; second, H. C. Piel. 

Strawberries — D. C. Holloway. 

Swiss chard— First, H. C. Piel; second, 
T. Flowers ; second, C. S. Holloway. 

Tomatoes— First, H. E. Piel ; second, H. 
Riffle. 

Turnips— First, C. L. Burns; second, H. 
Riffle. 

Asters— S. A. Rhodes. 
Gladiolas, mixed — First, F. H. Baker; 
second, H. C. Piel. 

Gladiolas, straight — A. P. Hyatt. 
Marigold— Miss Judith Shima. 
Nasturtiums — J. A. Starshack. 

Phlox— First, Miss Judith Shima; sec- 
ond, A. P. Hyatt. 

Some other exhibitors were : Messrs. 
O. N. Sandeen, H. I. Thomas, E. S. 
Holmes, J. P. Niles, M. Sarf, C. Kopp, 
Watkins, Volk, and McDaniels. 



Couldn't Get a Receipt 

A coal wagon driver opened the metal 
cover of a chute back of the Boston Store 
and emptied his load of coal. The"n he 
went inside to get a receipt for the deliv- 
ery. It was then that he found that he had 
opened a manhole into a cable run belong- 
ing to the Chicago Telephone Company. 
His coal was at the bottom of the man- 
hole. The store employes firmly refused to 
sign his receipt. 



BELL -TELEPHONE-NEWS 



13 



Eleventh Telegraph Battalion Enters Training for Active Service 

Second of Two Organizations Made Up of Central Group Telephone Employes Goes into Camp in 

New Jersey 



Your Lad, and My Lad 

Down toward the deep blue water, marching 

to throb of drum, 
From city street and country lane the lines 

of khaki come; 
The rumbling guns, the sturdy tread, are 

full of grim appeal, 
While the rays of western sunshine flash 

back from burnished steel, 
With eager eyes and cheeks aflame the 

serried ranks advance; 
And your dear lad, and my dear lad, are on 

their way to France. 

— Randall Parrish. 

Heads erect and eyes front, one hundred 
and fifteen men of '.he Eleventh Tele- 
graph Battalion marched with firm tread 
through the downtown streets of Chicago 
on the morning of August 22nd and en- 
trained for the east. A few hours later, 
they were joined at points along the route 
by forty-seven men from Detroit and forty- 
six from Cleveland. The complete battalion 
proceeded eastward by special train, and 
the next day arrived at Monmouth Park, 
New Jersey, which is the eastern training 
camp for signal corps. Here they joined 
several other signal corps battalions made 
up of telephone men from the eastern 
group of companies in the Bell System. 
The men will receive instruction at this 
camp until, in the opinion of Uncle Sam's 
responsible military officers, they are fitted 
to begin the arduous task which lies before 
them and their comrades-at-arms in north- 
ern France. 

Just before the train was ready to pull 
out of Chicago, the men of Company E, 
which includes the Chicago boys of this 
battalion, lined up in front of the station 
for a few minutes to permit a staff photo- 
grapher of the Bell Telephone News to 
take a final picture. 

The departure of this ^^^^^^^^^^ 
battalion for camp 
marked the completion 
of the plan inaugurated 
last spring just after 
the declaration of war, 
by the executives of 
the Bell Companies of 
the Central Group, to 
contribute two battal- 
ions of signal corps to 
the forces of the na- 
tion. All the men are 
now in the govern- 
ment service, and their 
connection with the 
telephone organization 
has temporarily ceased. 

The mobilization of 
the battalion, the equip- 
ping of the men and 
the departure occupied 
lesi.than.two days. The 
Chicago contingent, 
Company E. consisting 
of boys from the ranks 




W. R. McGOVERN, 
Chief Engineer of the Central Group of Bell 
Telephone Companies. 

of the Chicago Telephone Company, 
mobilized on Monday, August 20th, at 
the Municipal Pier. Captain Virgil E. 
Code, senior captain of the battalion, 
was in command. First Lieutenant Fred 
E. Norwood, adjutant of the battalion, 
and First Lieutenant Charles F. Moran, 
who is assigned to Company D, assisted. 
No major had been assigned to the bat- 
talion at the time of departure. It was 
expected that the war department would 




CHICAGO CONTINGENT OF ELEVENTH TELEGRAPH BATTALION 
BALTIMORE & OHIO STATION, AUGUST 2'JND. 



assign an officer of this rank after the bat- 
talion reached the training camp. 

The Chicago boys spent Monday and 
Tuesday nights "in camp" at the pier. Cots 
were erected, blankets unrolled, and the 
real community life of the battalion com- 
menced. 

Tuesday was a great day. The last of 
the expected equipment arrived. Hearts 
beat fast and chests swelled with becom- 
ing pride at the thought of putting on the 
most honorable livery a man can wear. 
All hopes materialized eventually, but not 
before some heartburnings had been suf- 
fered and considerable fun enjoyed. Could 
any man look the part of one of Uncle 
Sam's defenders in a coat two sizes too 
large and breeches which refused to con- 
tain the whole of his girth? It is a humor- 
ous tradition handed down from former 
wars that the War Department purposely 
plays this sort of practical joke on the re- 
cruits. Be this true or not, it certainly 
was put over on some of our fellows. 
Captain Code, however, came to the res- 
cue with a practical suggestion which 
speedily took care of the whole difficulty. 

"Swap with somebody else," he said, and 
presto, everybody was satisfied. 

The men were up early on Wednesday 
morning. As they marched with sol- 
dierly precision through the downtown 
streets, they were greeted with many a 
hearty cheer. Arrived at the Baltimore & 
Ohio station, they found a large crowd of 
friends and relatives to bid them good-bye 
and wish them a safe and speedy return. 
.A number of Chicago telephone officials 

were on hand, among 

them Chief Engineer 
W. R. McGovern, who 
had been so very large- 
ly instrumental in the 
organization of the bat- 
talion. Mr. McGovern 
broke his vacation to 
return to Chicago for 
the occasion. He de- 
clared that he was 
more than repaid and 
the sparkle in his eyes 
as he gazed at the 
ranks of Company E 
testified to the pride 
he felt in his important 
part in the work of or- 
ganizing the battalion. 
Robert Cline and A. G. 
Francis were there for 
more personal reasons. 
Each has a son in the 
battalion. 

Mrs. Fred Norwood 
was not present 



AT THE 



14 



5ELLTELEPHONE*NEWJ 





THREE POPULAR OFFICERS. 
Left to right — Lieutenant Fred Norwood. 
Captain V. E. Code, Lieutenant Chas. F. 
Moran. They piloted the Eleventh Battalion 
out of Chicago. „ 

Lieutenant Norwood, who is a veteran 
trooper, explained it to the Bell Tele- 
phone News man like this: 

"I asked Mrs. Norwood yesterday if she 
intended to come down to the train this 
morning. 'Oh, I guess not,' she answered, 
"I have seen you off to two wars and it is 
getting to be an old story.' " 

Lieutenant Norwood served in the 
Spanish-American War and was with the 
militia boys on the Mexican border last 
summer. 

First Lieutenant Eugene J. Sequin, of 
Chicago, supply officer of the battalion, 
did not go with the troops as his commis- 
sion at the time of their departure had 
not arrived. The commission and the as- 
signment to the Eleventh Battalion came 



War Department Thanks 
Telephone Company 

Lieutenant Colonel L. D. Wild- 
man, department signal officer of the 
Central Department, War Depart- 
ment of the United States, with 
headquarters at Chicago, addressed 
the following letter to W. R. McGov- 
ern, chief engineer of the Central 
(■roup of Bell Telephone Companies, 
who was in general charge of the or- 
ganization of the two signal corps 
battalions made up of telephone em- 
ployes : 

"August 10, 1917. 

"In view of the fact that the quota 
of men for the Signal organizations 
allotted to the Central Department 
has been completed and the men en- 
listed, I desire, as Chief Signal Of- 
ficer of the Central Department, to 
thank you personally and the organ- 
ization which you represent, for the 
efficient assistance you have rendered 
and for the great interest you have 
taken in this patriotic work. 

"I feel that personal thanks would 
be out of place, as we have all been 
doing simply our patriotic duty; but 
I feel that I must express my per- 
sonal appreciation of the energy and 
care which you have shown. 

"I desire, also, to express to the 
company which you represent, my 
appreciation of the efforts of all its 
officers. They have been loyal ; and 
I know that they have been prompted 
by the desire to do everything possi- 
ble to assist the Government. 

(Signed) "L. D. Wildman, 
"Lieut. Col., Signal Corps." 




LIEUTENANT COLONEL WILDMAN 
Signal Officer Central Department, U. S. A., 
Chicago. 

along later and Lieutenant Sequin left Chi- 
cago August 29th to join his command. 

Similar scenes were witnessed as the 
Michigan and Cleveland platoons left. 
These men did not receive their equipment 
until they joined the train bearing the Chi- 
cago boys, as all the uniforms had been 
shipped to Chicago. But all were ready 
for inspection when they reached Camp 
Monmouth. 




CHICAGO CONTINGENT ELEVENTH TELEGRAPH BATTALION READY TO ENTRAIN. 
The father of the battalion, chief engineer W. R. McGovern, in civilian clothes. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



15 




BOYS OF THE MICHIGAN CONTINGENT OF ELEVENTH TELEGRAPH BATTALION. 
Fhotograph taken just before leaving for camp. 



Michigan Men Mobilize 

The week of August 20, 1917, will live 
forever in the memory of forty-seven em- 
ployes of the Michigan State Telephone 
Company, who that day received the 
mobilization order issued to the men who 
had been accepted for service in the Signal 
Reserve Corps and who that day became 
a part of the military establishment of the 
United States. 

That afternoon the boys were put 
through their final drill on Northwestern 
Field, Detroit. Captain W. C. Elmore, of 
Milwaukee, Wis., was present and issued 
orders preparatory for their departure to 
a point "Somewhere in America" some 
t ; me within the next few days. 

Tuesday was set aside for winding up 
affairs in Detroit, preliminary to an ab- 
sence of indefinite duration. Good-byes 
were said to dear ones at home and to 
business associates. 

The moment which all had awaited most 
eagerly came on Wednesday morning, Au- 
gust 22nd, when they were to entrain to go 
into camp at some distant point. The boys 
had been told to report at the corner of 



Lafayette boulevard and First street at nine 
oYlock. Captain Elmore and Lieutenant 
Cole were on hand to eive further orders. 
Without further delay the men proceeded 
to the Michigan Central depot, where a 
train was in waiting to carry them away 
from Detroit on the first lap of a journey 
the importance of which cannot be over- 
rated. 

There was a little heaviness of heart but 
no drooping spirits among these new soldiers 
in the American army. Without exception 
the men were eager to carry on their train- 
ing in a military camp and to become 
further acquainted with the new duties 
they had chosen to assume. Expressions of 
desire to get into active service in France 
were heard frequently, for now that the 
boys are taking orders from Uncle Sam 
they are anxious to do all that is neces- 
sary for his security and welfare. 

Captain Elmore and Lieutenant Cole 
were loud in their praises of the work 
which had been done by the men and of 
the high standard of soldierly efficiency 
they had attained. The two officers ar- 
rived in Detroit about a week before 



mobilization. During the last week the 
men drilled every other day. The pres- 
ence of the officers and their words of en- 
couragement added a lot of zest to the 
work and every man buckled down with i 
determination to outdo the others if pos- 
sible. The men have the utmost confidence 
in their officers and the officers in turn 
have absolute faith in their men. With 
both determined to do their duty fully 
and completely, there is no doubt but that 
the Michigan boys will give a good ac- 
count of themselves, whatever they may be 
called upon to do. 



Cleveland Boys Get Away 

A full account of the activities of the 
Cleveland contingent just previous to their 
leaving for the East has not yet reached 
the Bell Telephone News. However, Gen- 
eral Auditor B. S. Garvey, who was in 
Cleveland on the afternoon of Wednesday, 
August 22nd, reports that he went to the 
railroad station, shook hands with the boys, 
and conveyed to them the good wishes of 
the general officers of the company at Chi- 
cago. Mr. Garvey says that all were in 
splendid shape, and in fine spirits. 




BOYS OF THE CLEVELAND CONTINGENT, ELEVENTH TELEGRAPH BATTALTON, READY TO LEAVE FOR TRAINING CAMP. 



16 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 




General Auditor Garvey Visits 
Fort Leavenworth 



"If Aladdin's Lamp were available today, 
I believe that I would get hold of it, and 
wish to be twenty-one years of age, and a 
member of the Sixth Telegraph Battalion, 
at Fort Leavenworth." So said Mr. B. S. 
Garvey, our general auditor, to a member 
of the News' staff. 

The remark was made as the result of 
a visit extending over three days at Fort 
Leavenworth. 

Leaving by the Burlington at 6:10 one 
evening, the visitor arrived at Leavenworth 
about 9 :30 the next morning with his 
pockets bulging with packages, and par- 
cels under his arms. Everybody in the 



accounting department seemed to have a 
package for somebody at Fort Leaven- 
worth. 

A tour of inspection of the camp was 
made and revealed the fact that rigid 
simplicity and comfort are not incompat- 
ible. The mess shack attracted a consid- 
erable amount of attention. The ice bo-x, 
hot water supply, and the washing machines 
typified the modern spirit in warfare as 
against the old rough and ready methods. 
Alexander the Great did not carry an ice 
box with him when he conquered the 
world ; Napoleon did not have hot water 
for shaving on his retreat from Moscow, 
but then, his fellows did not have to turn 
the handle of a washing machine either. 
The last mentioned refinement of camp life 
has occasioned lots of fun. One lady who 
visited the camp remarked that the boys 



■ 



SIXTH TELEGRAPH BATTALION COMFLETJ 

would make good husbands on their re- 
turn, but the reply from the wash-detail 
was "Never again I" 

The sanitary condition of the camp is a 
tribute to the authorities responsible. 

Eating vies with hard work as the most 
important feature of camp life. The spirit 
of our new citizen army is fairly repre- 
sented by Tom Caughey, who left the 
ledger desk to act as a cook, and is mak- 
ing good. Tom J. Eviston, who until re- 
cently acted as facility man in the engi- 
neering department, is now mess sergeant, 
and has a pretty big job on his hands. 

How does this strike you for a menu for 
a Sunday dinner? 

Lamb and Mint Sauce 
Bread and Jelly. 
Boiled Spuds Peas 
' Chocolate Pudding. 



CHICAGO CONTINGENT OF ELEVENTH BU 1 ; 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



17 




1 



OGRAPHED AT FORT LEAVENWORTH. 

Many records have been attempted in 
the way of eating. The visitor was in- 
formed that at present the "bread and 
jelly record" is held by Frank Heeney, who 
on top of a good meal "took the count" 
in the middle of his eleventh slab. In siz- 
ing up this performance, the reader must 
not imagine that the pieces of bread are 
of the dimensions provided at Chicago res- 
taurants ; they resemble in size more than 
anything the concrete blocks used in 
building operations. Butter is not used to 
any extent at the military camps but the 
fats from meat are mixed with the gravy 
and poured over bread, forming a delicious 
dish for a hungry man. The people of 
this country might well take a leaf from 
the book of the army authorities in this 
matter and utilize fats in some such way. 
Conversations held with the officers and 




men brought out several interesting facts. 
The non-commissioned officers are starting 
to learn French and hope soon to be able 
to talk effectively through their noses. 

Word has been passed around that 
every one must learn to swim and be able 
to make a one-hundred-yard endurance 
record. Said Mr. Garvey, "One hundred 
yards isn't far. Why, that tree is only 
about one hundred yards from here!'' Bets 
followed in which the visitor was relieved 
of his stakes. 

The training course which the boys are 
taking is really strenuous. It lasts from 
about five in the morning to nine o'clock 
at night, and includes both physical and 
mental tasks. The way in which after a 
hard day's work the boys wrestle, sing, 
and jolly one another is proof, however, 
that the training is not being overdone 





and that it will eventuate in the produc- 
tion of some of the finest human material 
which ever left this old U. S. A. 

We read in reports from Europe that 
"the morale of the troops is excellent." 
The same certainly can be said of the 
Sixth Telegraph Battalion. The spirit of 
the boys is that of a bunch of fellows at 
school ; they have no hesitancy in dwelling 
upon the personal peculiarities of any of 
their number. Our representative en- 
deavored to obtain further details of the 
personalities indulged in but was told with 
a smile that these might be deleted by 
the censor. 

Our own officers are temporarily de- 
tached from the battalion taking intensive 
training in the officers' training camp 
nearby. The boys are at present being 
(Continued on Column 3, Page 20.) 




« BATTALION AT MUNICIPAL. PIER, CHICAGO. 



L8 



RELL TELEPHONE* NEW3 



News from Camp Monmouth 

Just before going to press, we received 
a breezy letter from Sergeant E. H, Thil- 
mont, who has been appointed war corre- 
spondent of the Bell Telephone News, at 
Signal Camp Quarters, at Camp Mon- 
mouth. 

The genial sergeant sat at his typewriter 
in his tent just like Irving Cobb, and the 
rest of the immortals, and hammered out 
the following: 

"Hurrah! we're off!" — was the cry of 
the boys of the Eleventh Telegraph Battal- 
ion as we left the B. & O. station. 

The call to arms had been answered — 
manly arms had embraced mothers, sisters, 
and sweethearts — and we were off for the 
big adventure. 

We gave the Michigan bunch a hearty 
cheer when they joined us at Deshler, 
which was returned by them — you bet. 
The same thing happened in Akron, When 
the Cleveland boys joined us. 

At Philadelphia vvc stopped off and 
went for a hike, showing the speed of two 
year old race horses. 

We arrived at camp at 8:00 p. m., on 
Thursday night, August 23rd. Our neigh- 
bors, the Fifth Battalion boys, prepared a 
mighty fine mess for us. Say but it seemed 
good ! » 

Our camp is located south of New York- 
City, and three miles from the ocean. The 
place was formerly a race track and has 
been converted into one of the most up- 
to-date camps in the country. The sur- 
roundings are fine — a river on one 
side, the mess halls are fully equipped, 
and the officers' headquarters furnished in 
fine style. 

We had our first taste of warfare on 
the trip. The mess sergeant served us up 
a quantity of shells. We ate the eggs and 
saved the shells, hoping that we will be 
able to make good use of them when we 
get to France. 

No schedule was arranged for the first 



few days, and we were dismissed to enjoy 
ourselves. Many of us motored to Long 
Branch, New Jersey, in a jitney bus and 
took a dip in the sea. While at the beach, 
we had a class in arithmetic, many figures 
being exhibited, some symetrical, others 
not so very. 

We had a most enjoyable Sunday, and 
on Monday commenced vigorous training 
at 5:15 a. m., continuing until sunset. 
The way the boys carried out the mili- 
tary tactics was commented upon most 
favorably. 

We have all been innoculated against 
typhoid and are recovering. 

The ladies at the town have furnished a 
club house for soldiers' use and this to- 
gether with the Y. M. C. A. facilities, is 
greatly appreciated. 

At the time of writing, the officers of 
the Battalion have as their guests, four 
distinguished visitors— Mrs. Pullman, and 
Governor Lowden's three daughters, who 
had been entertained at dinner and made 
an inspection of the camp. 



News from the Boys of Company 
E at Fort Leavenworth 

Corporal Brown Is now war correspondent 
for The News. Note how well he is 
holding down his job. 

We are having some weather. Behold 

it's fine, and then behold it isn't. Electric 

storms spring up here, like well, like 

lightning. 

Mail and eats are the principal forms of 
recreation here. 

We get a shower bath about every day, 
provided by nature. The rain comes down 
good and hard, and we have to get out and 
loosen the tent ropes. If this happened at 
the right time it wouldn't be so bad, but at 
3 a. m. it's no joke. 

Lots of fellows get tired while shaving, 
and the number of decorated (?) upper 
Hps is growing. 

The August copy of The News looked 



good to US. It'.s good to hear about 'the 
home folk. 

By the way, did we tell you that- w e do a 
good deal of eating here:' 

Lieutenants Moore and Wightman have 
returned to the Officers' Training School, 
and at present we have with us Lieutenant 
Kilbury, who returned recently from Hono- 
lulu. 

Say, but we appreciate the Y. M. C. A. 
here ! 

There are three calls every day for 
which the men line up before the whistle 
blows, viz.: Mess call (breakfast), mess 
call (dinner), mess call (supper). 

Every reader will be delighted to get the 
above news from the boys. We will tell 
them, as a message from all of you, that 
we think long and often of them. Good 
luck, fellows, and let's have more news 
items ; they shall have a prominent place. 
— Editor. 



To End the War 

We print this letter with pleasure, and 
commend it to the attention of the govern- 
ment : 

Chicago, Sept. L, 1917. 
Editor Bell News : 

Dear Sir — I have read letters and dis- 
patches from Fort Leavenworth and Mon- 
mouth Park, N. J., and as a result have 
been blessed with an inspiration. 

The U. S. A. can end the war, within a 
month. All that is necessary is to send a 
select bunch of the 6th and 11th Telegraph 
Battalions to Germany — an airship might 
he used. Within a month the available 
food supply of the Central Empires would 
be exhausted, and their rulers would sue 
for peace. 

The proposed plan is a ruthless one, 
savoring even of frightfulness, but it 
would be most effective. 

Very truly yours, 

"Constant Reader.'' 




THE CHICAGO BOYS OF THE ELEVENTH BATTALION AT THE MUNICIPAL PIEP. 



BELL-TELEPHONE'NPWJ 



19 



Mr. Vail Visits Eastern Camp 

The telephone men composing the First 
and Second Battalions of the Signal Corps, 
L. S. R., at Monmouth Park, N. J., re- 
ceived a memorable visit on July 25th from. 
President Vail and a party of distinguished 
telephone officials who came to extend to 
the corps the Bell System"s wishes for 
good luck and Godspeed. 

With President Vail were Senior Vice 
President U. N. Bethell ; Vice President N. 
C. Kingsbury; General Counsel N. T. 
Guernsey, and Chief Engineer, Major J. J. 
Carty, of the American Telephone & Tele- 
graph Company. 

Lieutenant Colonel Hartmann, camp com- 
mander at Monmouth Park, received the 
honored guests and conducted them about 
the camp, the party visiting the quarters of 
the men, the battery of shower baths, the 
camp Y. M. C. A., the barracks then in 
course of construction, and the held bakery. 
All expressed gratification with the ar- 
rangements for the comfort and conven- 
ience of the men. 

After the tour of inspection of the camp, 
the distinguished guests were escorted to 
the parade ground, where they formally 
reviewed the two battalions. After the 
men had displayed the military training ac- 
quired in the short time that has elapsed 
since they had stepped out of their civilian 
i lothes into the olive drab of the army, 
they were formed in a hollow square sur- 
rounding the reviewing parry. Colonel 
Hartmann then introduced President Vail 
as follows: 

"I want to compliment the First and 
Second Battalions, both officers and men, 
lor the very excellent appearance you made 
today. It proves the amount of serious 
work you have done in the short time you 
fe»ve been under military instruction. You 



have entered into an enterprise through 
which no one can see their way. It may 
mean separation from old friends, and to- 
day, because of that fact, some of your 
best friends have come down here to bid 
you farewell ; not because your going is 
imminent, but because some of them are 
going away and may not be here when you 
go away. 

"Among the first men to be interested in 
your welfare before you entered the mili- 
tary service, and who have been since you 
entered it, is the head of the telephone sys- 
tem in this country and the finest in the 
world. Mr. Vail will now say a few 
words." 

As Mr. Vail stepped forward facing the 
colors, his arm came up smartly to salute 
and he removed his hat. He spoke with 
visible emotion, and evidently felt strongly 
the deep significance of the occasion, and 
that it was to be the last word that he 
would have for the men before they left to 
take up the important work on foreign soil 
for which they have been training : 

"Boys, I have come down to say good- 
bye before you go," was the greeting of 
the leader of the men in whom he has 
taken an almost paternal interest. 

"You have transferred to your and our 
country the allegiance, intelligence, and 
faithfulness you have shown to our com- 
pany and your company, and in so far as 
you put these into your service for your 
country and our country, you will earn all 
the commendation any one can give you. 
You must all do your best — not compara- 
tive, good, better, best, but your very best. 
It is not comparative, it is relative, and 
relative to each of you, and you must make 
it relative to your opportunities, your abil- 
ities, your training, and everything else. 

"I wish you all success, and hope to meet 
\ou again in no distant future, and wisli 



you all the good things that are coming 
and a safe return." 

At the close of his speech, some one pro- 
posed three cheers for Mr. Vail which 
were given with a hearty good will. 

Mr. Bethell was next introduced and 
spoke as follows : 

"I have no speech to make. I come as 
one who comes to say a brief good-bye to 
sons and brothers. We have all worked 
together for a long time in the Eastern 
Group. We have co-operated in the solu- 
tion of many serious problems, and while 
at times we take our hats off to others, we 
know they all take their hats off to the 
Eastern Group. No problem has ever 
arisen that has been too serious to submit 
to the Eastern Group for solution, and we 
have always come off victorious. 

"We have a feeling of exultation and re- 
joicing because you men of the Eastern 
Group have seen your duty and have de- 
cided to follow the flag and do whatever 
work may come to you. As Col. Hart- 
mann spoke I could see that some of us as 
individuals kept in our minds those two 
elements necessary to successful work — 
first, good leadership, and for the past ten 
years the Bell System has ' had splendid 
leadership on the part of the man who has 
just spoken; second, the spirit that per- 
meates the whole organization ; and you 
men and your brothers whom you have 
left behind you have exhibited a splendid 
spirit that absolutely has permeated the 
whole Bell organization and is not equalled 
anywhere. 

"Colonel Hartmann has said possibly you 
are going away soon. I was about to say 
the Eastern Group will be behind you 
whenever you go and wherever you go, 
but I will say that we are not only behind 
you, we are with you, heart and soul, and 
on behalf of the Eastern Group I wish you 
Godspeed !" 




THEODORE N. VAIL ADDRESSING 1ST AND 2ND TELEGRAPH BATTALIONS AFTER REVIEW AT MONMOUTH PARK. N. J.. 



20 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Major Carty was then introduced by Col. 
llartmann as "Senipr Signal Reserve Of- 
ficer of the United States." Major Carty 
said : 

"I hardly know what to add to what Mr. 
Vail and Mr. Bethell 
have said. They spoke 
my own feelings and 
the feelings of every- 
body else in the Bell 
System. We all look 
upon you with pride 
and envy because of 
the opportunity you 
will have to fight for 
your country as part of 
the greatest army 
America has ever sent 
into the field. 

"Never before has 
more been expected of 
men than is expected 
of you. The fame of 
the Bell System ex- 
tends throughout the 
world. General Persh- 
ing's signal officer re- 
cently wrote a letter in 
which he said that the 
French Signal Corps 
await with intense^ in- 
terest the arrival of 
our battalions to show 
them the wonderful 
developments of Amer- 
ican telephony. I am 
confident that you will 
uphold the best traditions of the Bell Sys- 
tem and the best traditions of your coun- 
try. You are brave and capable men and 
you will give a good account of yourselves. 

"Our hearts are with you and those you 
are leaving behind are anxious for the day 
when they can join you. I wish you God- 
speed and hope it will not be long before 
you will participate in another review — a 
review of the magnificent and victorious 
army of General Pershing returning after 
having fought for and won a glorious 
peace." 



Needless to say the Major waited no 
longer for his salute, but turned sharply 
on his heel and strode away before his 
sense of humor betrayed his military dig- 
nity. 




Major Turner's Puttees 

A recent letter from one of our "boys" 
in Company E tells a good story that de- 
picts the characteristic free and easy atti- 
tude of the American youth toward things 
military. 

Major Turner, commanding the Sixth 
Battalion, coming upon a private in one of 
his companies, who neglected to salute 
him, halted the embryo soldier and asked 
him if he hadn't forgotten something. The 
young fellow looked at him blankly, not 
understanding the point of his inquiry, 
then gave him the "once over" and upon 
seeing his leather puttees said, "Where did 
you get the leather leggins? Look at the 
darn things they gave me." 



AT MONMOUTH PARK, N. J. 
Left to right — Major J. J. Carty, N. T. Guernsey, N. C. Kingsbury, U. N. Bethell 
shaking hands with Major Hubbell, 1st Telegraph Battalion ; Theodore N. Vail shaking 
hands with Major H. H. Shearer of 2nd Telegraph Battalion. 

Mighty Glad to Print This 

Brownsville, Tex, Aug. 22, 1917. 
Mr. Editor Bell Tel. News : 

Dear Sir: I am happy to say (although 
laid up for repairs) that through the Bell 
Telephone News I am still able to keep 
trace of some of my acquaintances in the 
"Hello!" business. I began to think for 
a while that I was out of the game (being 
in the army and sick besides), but through 
the kind thoughtfulness of one Mr. F. D. 
Berry I have caught up a great deal with 
what is going on in the telephone world. 
I always enjoy reading the "News," and as 
1 have worked from different exchanges in 
different states and towns and have always 
"copped" a "News" when I saw one look- 
ing as though it had no owner, I have read 
and passed on to the other men in the 
ward I am in, your last issue. If you 
should have any surplus space in your next 
issue please tell the other "Fixers" that 
just because they do not see my face on 
any of the C. U. trucks or wagons any 
more is not because "a hot one" got me. 
Although 33,000 did give me an awful jolt 
a year ago. With best wishes to all Tel. 
employes, 

T am, 

Just A Lineman, 
Trying, to Do "My Bit." 
Not "Just a Lineman," but an absent 
member of the big Bell Fraternity, and 
absent for a good reason. 



GENERAL AUDITOR GARVEY VISITS 
FORT LEAVENWORTH. 

(Continued from Page 17.) 
commanded by officers of the regular army. 
It appears evident from the manner and 
attitude of the officers at present in charge 
of the battalion that 
"The Sixth" has made 
a very good impression 
in every way. 

The boys find fun in 
every detail and aspect 
of their camp life. One 
fellow told the visitor 
that the shoes handed 
out to him were so 
large that when he 
was told to "right- 
about-face" he had to 
be careful to take his 
shoes with him; he was 
afraid he would turn 
completely around in 
them and it would be 
impossible for the of- 
ficer in charge to de- 
termine whether he 
was advancing or re- 
treating. 

A visit was paid to. 
the fine system of 
trenches which is 
used for demonstra- 
tion purposes. After 
Mr. Garvey had been 
walking for what 
seemed to him about 
half a day, he put his- 
head over the top of a trench and was met 
by the remark, "Well, what on earth are 
you doing here?" The voice came from 
J. R. Ruddick, recently division auditor of 
receipts of the Central Union Telephone 
Company, at Indianapolis, who is now con- 
nected with the Signal Corps, 

"You must have had a busy time" said 
our representative, "and have done quite 
a bit of walking." "About 180 miles a 
day, I should say," was the reply. 

The lighter side of the matter having 
been discussed, Mr. Garvey grew graver 
as he said : 

"My visit stirred many thoughts, serious 
— yet pleasant. The environment at Fort 
Leavenworth is good. Parents and friends 
of the boys can rest assured that the 
moral atmosphere is a good deal better 
than that of any large city. The officers 
all feel their responsibilities very keenly 
and maintain a high standard of kindly 
discipline. When I regarded those splen- 
did physiques, healthy minds, keen wits 
and brains, that love of fun, and that 
courage which looked forward eagerly to. 
service, I felt that I had visualized the 
body and soul of America. 

"We fellows who must stay at home 
may well envy those boys, going out not 
only for the nation but for the nations, 
in order that justice and not might shall 
rule the world. Theirs is a great privi- 
lege. We wish them God-speed." 



BELL TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



21 




MEN OF SIXTH TELEGRAPH BATTALION ENJOYING POPULAR PASTIME AT FORT LEAVENWORTH. 

Left to right — Company E at mess. Company D on the way to mess. The wash-detail. Company F waiting for the whistle. 
Officers' mess, left to right — Major Turner, Lieutenants Wightman, Moore, Brock, Hoover, Captain Boylan, Lieutenant Kenney, 
Wisconsin contingent of Company E. (They left off eating long enough to be photographed.) Company D also at mess. 



22 



BifLLTELEPtiONE'NEWJ 



Bell Employes Asked to Aid in 
Food Conservation 

Bell Telephone employes can aid their 
country splendidly at this time. This is the 
message to the Bell Telephone News 
from Harry A. Wheeler, Food Commis- 
sioner, for Illinois. Mr. Wheeler is act 
ing as food commissioner for the middle 
western section of the country, and is 
working in close cooperation with Herbert 
A. Hoover, United States Food Commis- 
sioner. 

The necessity for thrift and economy at 
this time is apparent to all, and the para- 
mount importance of food conservation is 
so well understood as to need little 
emphasis. Mr. Hoover, however, offers a 
few suggestions which he thinks everyone 
should follow. "The hopes of the food ad- 
ministration are three-fold : First, to so 
guide the trade in the fundamental food 
commodities as to eliminate vicious specu- 
lation, extortion and wasteful practices, and 
to stabilize prices in the essential staples 
Second, to guard our exports so that 
against the world's shortage, we retain suf- 
ficient supplies for our own people and by 
cooperating with the Allies prevent infla- 
tion of prices, and third, that we stimulate 
in every manner within our power the sav- 
ing of our food in order that we may in- 
crease exports to our Allies to a point 
which will enable them properly to pro- 
vision their armies and feed their peoples 
during the coming winter. 

"We have in our abundance, and in our 
waste, an ample supply to carry them and 
ourselves over this next winter without 
suffering. If we fail, it is because indi- 
vidual American citizens have failed to see 
and do this loyal national duty. This is a 
service in which every man, woman and 
child in this country may enter. We shall 
invite all classes and all trades to sign a 
volunteer pledge to cooperate with us in 
the undertaking and so become as much 
members of the Food Administration as 
we ourselves are. 

"The deep obligation is upon us to feed 
the armies and the peoples associated with 
us in this struggle. The diversion of 40,- 
000,000 of their men to war or war work ; 
the additional millions of women drafted 
to the places of their husbands and 
brothers ; the toll of the submarine, have 
all conspired so to reduce production that 
their harvests this autumn will fall 500,- 
000,000 bushels of grain below their normal 
production. Always dependent upon im- 
port from other countries for a substantial 
part of their food needs, our Western Eu- 
ropean Allies because of the destruction of 
shipping by submarine and the isolation 
from the normal markets by belligerent 
lines, are forced to a large degree upon our 
markets, not only as the nearest, but as the 
only market capable of relieving their bit- 
ter necessities. Therefore, whereas, we 
exported before the war but 80,000,00» 
bushels of wheat per annum, this year, by 
one means or another, we must rind for 



them 225,000,000 bushels, and this in the 
face of a short crop. 

Mr. Hoover's advice to housewives is 
printed below, and should be read with 




HERBERT A. HOOVER. 
— Fhoto by Underwood &. Underwood. 

care by everyone who has any part in the 
buying or preparation of food for the fam- 
ily: 

SAVE THE WHEAT.— One wheatless 
meal a day. Use corn, oatmeal, rye or bar- 
ley bread and non-wheat breakfast foods. 
Order bread twenty-four hours in advance, 
so your baker will not bake beyond his 
needs. Cut the loaf on the table and only 
as required. Use stale bread for cooking, 
toast, etc. Eat less cake and pastry. 

Our wheat harvest is far below normal. 




HARRY A. WHEELER, 
Illinois Food Administrator. 

If each person weekly saves one pound of 
wheat flour, that means 150,000,000 more 
bushels of wheat for the Allies to mix in 



their bread. This will help them to save 
democracy. 

SAVE THE MEAT.— Beef, mutton or 
pork not more than once daily. Use freely 
vegetables and fish. At the meat meal 
serve smaller portions and stew instead of 
steaks. Make made dishes of all left-overs. 
Do this, and there will be meat enough for 
every one at a reasonable price. 

We are today killing the dairy cows and 
female calves as the result of high prices. 
Therefore, eat less, and eat no young meat. 
If we save an ounce of meat each day pc 
person we will have additional supply equal 
to 2,200,000 cattle. 

SAVE THE MILK.— The children must 
have milk. Use every drop. Use butter- 
milk and sour milk for cooking and making 
cottage cheese. Use less cream. 

SAVE THE FATS.— We are the world s 
greatest fat wasters. Fat is food. Butter 
is essential for the growth and health of 
children. Use butter on the table as usual, 
but not in cooking. Other fats are as 
good. Reduce use of fried foods. Soap 
contains fats. Do not waste it. Make your 
own washing soap at home out of the 
saved fats. 

Use one-third ounce less per day of ani- 
mal fat and 375,000 tons will be saved 
yearly. 

SAVE THE SUGAR.— Sugar is scarcer. 
We use today three times as much per per- 
son as our Allies. So there may be enough 
for all at reasonable prices, use less candy 
and sweet drinks. Do not stint sugar in 
putting up fruit and jams. They will save 
better. 

If every one in America saves one ounce 
of sugar daily it means 1,100,000 tons for 

•the year. 

SAVE THE FUEL.— Coal comes from 
a distance and our railways are over-bur- 
dened hauling war material. Help relieve 
them by burning fewer fires. Use wood 
tvhen you can get it. 

USE THE PERISHABLE FOODS.— 
Fruits and vegetables we have in abun- 
dance. As a nation we eat too little green 
stuffs. Double their use and improve your 
health. Store potatoes and other roots 
properly and they will keep. Begin now 
to can or dry all surplus garden products. 

USE LOCAL SUPPLIES.— Patronize 
your local producer. Distance means 
money. Buy your perishable food from the 
neighborhood nearest you and thus save 
transportation. 

General Rules 

Buy less ; serve smaller portions. 
Preach the "Gospel of the Clean Plate." 
Don't eat a fourth meal. 
Don't limit the plain food to growing 
children. 

Watch out for the wastes in the com- 
munity. 

Full garbage pails in America mean 
empty dinner pails in America and Europe. 

If the more fortunate of our people will 
avoid waste and eat no more than they 
need the high cost of living problem of the 
less fortunate will be solved. 



BELL TELEPHONE * N EWJ 



23 



Of Interest to Our Girls 



Conducted by Mrs. F. E. Dewhurst 



The Battalion of Death 

How many of the girls engaged in tele- 
phone work would like to have their hair 
clipped close, dispense with all those little 
aids to beauty which are considered so 
essential, rise at 4 a. m., drill nine hou-s 
daily, sleep on a plank bed, and then go 
into battle. 

The Russian Battalion of Death is do- 
ing these things. The battalion is made 
up largely of college girls, with a few fac- 
tory workers, a few girls from the farm, 
and last but not least, some telephone em- 
ployes. The age of the girls ranges from 
eighteen to twenty-live. 

The regiment was raised by Vera Bulch- 
kareff, who assumed charge, and secured 
the official recognition of the battalion as 
part of the Russian army. 

After weeks of the hardest training these 
girls were equipped with their uniforms of 
khaki blouses, green forage caps, black 
stockings, and stout shoes ; they shouldered 
their cavalry carbine — which is a little 
lighter than the regulation carbine, and 
marched to the Kazan Cathedral at Petro- 
grad. Here farewell services were held 
with all the beautiful ritual of the Ortho- 
dox church. Their colors were blesstd, 
and then they marched 
away, bearing banners 
with such inscriptions 
as "Death is better than 
shame." "Women, do 
not give your hands to 
traitors." 

Premier Kerensky, 
the handsome, young, 
and enthusiastic man 
who believes that he 
can save his nation, 
reviewed the battalion 
as they left for the 
front. 

When they arrived at 
the battle line these 
modern Joans of Arc 
lost no time. Within 
three weeks of their ar- 
rival they were en- 
gaged in a sanguinary 
battle, in which five of 
them were killed. How 
many were wounded no 
one knows. According 
to later reports, they 
have been in several 
engagements since, and 
their numbers have 
been sadly depleted, 
some reports saying 
that only 2o per cent, 
of the original number 
are left. 



Interviews have been obtained with sev- 
eral of the wounded, and they have de- 
scribed their emotions and actions in bat- 
tle. They confess to a feeling of intense 
nervousness before going into action, but 
yelled and shouted when charging, just as 
men will. 

One fine looking gin spoke of her ex- 
perience with a German, with whom she 
fought hand to hand. She lunged at the 
man with her bayonet, and the blade held 
in his flesh. Desiring to make doubly sure 
that she would put her foe out of action, 
she fired the carbine, which completed the 
work. 

The wounded spoke of a girl named 
Lena, whose loss they deplored very much. 
This girl heard that Lieutenant Vera Bulch- 
kareff was killed or at least mortally 
wounded. Lena rushed forward clear into 
a mass of bursting shells to find her lead- 
er. The girls who told the tale actually 
saw the plucky girl blown to pieces. 

Their work, the girls say, has not been 
without its humorous side. On one occa- 
sion they captured 102 prisoners. The de- 
meanor, and the language, of two officers 
who found they had surrendered to women, 



offered comic relief to the tiagic business 
in which they are engaged. 

It seems to be a fact that in one engage- 
ment the girls stood while the men ran 
away. Whether the men were justified, 
and the women should have retired as well, 
i^- not for us to judge, nor does it detract 
from the girls' brave stand, in which it is 
feared they lost very heavily indeed. 

We cannot but honor such women, or 
read of their doings without a thrill. Rus- 
sia, torn by dissensions, and in a terrible 
muddle politically and socially, needed the 
example of these women. Let us be thank- 
ful that such a battalion is not needed 
here. Our men will fight, if our women 
will stand by and do their not less noble 
part of sacrifice and home duty. 




PhotOfl by I'nderwood & Underwood. < 

MEMBERS OP THE BATTALION OF DEATH. 
Inset., Lieutenant Vera Bulchkareff. 



Nobody's Business 

A girl was riding home on the street 
car. Something had gone wrong at the 
office, and the girl was easing her mind to 
her companion. 

"It is nobody's business what I do off 
duty," she said. 

She said it again and again, as though 
it was the principle of the thing she stood 
for. 

The girl believed 
she was right. She 
will continue to feel 
that way until some 
friend or some circum- 
stance shows her that 
she is wrong. 

Life is not divided 
into compartments; it 
is like a stream. If 
you contaminate the 
source at night it will 
not be clear and sweet 
in the morning. Con- 
tinued late hours, in 
fact dissipation of any 
kind, leaves its mark 
upon one's work. This 
affects your value, and 
that is the business of 
your employer. What 
is just as important is 
that it affects your 
power — and that is 
YOUR business. 

Looking at it all 
round, is it not worth 
while living lives that 
are sweet and well 
regulated, with the 
assurance of a future 
which will be full of 
happiness, prosperity 
and efficiency? 



24 



BELL/TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



THE NEJV SEASON'S FASHIONS YOUNG IN LINE AND 

COLOR SCHEME 



Many Departures from Quiet Colors Promised- -Stunning Things in Deep Wine Red- 
ucing Serge for Soldiers. 



-Paris Sacri- 



By Maude Hall 

Dame Fashion is never content to be 
conservative at the beginning of a season. 
There must be some departure from rules 
which have become generally accepted. Now. 
we all have become accustomed to the 
note of simplicity in dress, and much has 
been said about youthful lines for fall and 
winter. However, lines are to be more 
youthful than ever — if possible — and color 
schemes are — not to be always quiet. 

Costumes and wraps, for the present, 
will borrow their tones largely from the 
hats worn with them, which means that 
due consideration must be given to the 




™ 7388 
7401 



7377. 
7382. 



Bagdad colorings when selecting the fall 
tailleur or "little frock." There are stun- 
ning things in deep wine reds, purples and 
red purples, to say nothing of reddish and 
golden browns. Chartreuse and lavender 
are featured for formal 'wear, but need 
considerable "toning" not to offend good 
taste for practical use. 

The use of jersey is everywhere apparent, 
despite the fact that so much is being 
done with velours, mohair, duvetyn, etc. 
The manufacturers have crowded much 



Frocks for the Fall and Winter season, featuring new materials and trimmings. From left to right the illustrations show, first, a 
brown jersey with plaited skirt and satin trimmed waist; second, a wine-red duvetyn with crepe georgette underbody ; third, gray 
cashmere and satin, the skirt featuring both plaits and drapery; fourth, a chic voile, and fifth, a black velvet combined with crepe 
georgette. 

GUIDE TO PATTERNS. 

All of the frocks illustrated above are made from Pictorial Review patterns. The numbers and sizes, reading from left to right, 

are: 

No. 1. Blouse No. 7387. Sizes, 34 to 44 inches bust. Skirt No. 7339. Sizes, 24 to 34 inches waist. 
No. 2. Blouse No. 7388. Sizes, 34 to 42 inches bust. Skirt No. 7401. Sizes, 24 to 34 inches waist. 
No. 3. Costume No. 7303. Sizes, 34 to 42 inches bust. Price 25c. 

Waist No. 7385. Sizes, 34 to 44 inches bust. Skirt No. 7149. Sizes, 24 to 32 inches waist. 
Waist, No. 7377. Sizes, 34 to 44 inches bus.t. Skirt No. 7382. Sizes, 24 to 32 inches waist. 



No. 4. 
No. 5. 



Price of each number 20 cents, except 7303, which is 25c. 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



25 



novelty into the new jersey weaves to re- 
store them to popularity. They are much 
thicker and firmer than the earlier weaves 
of jersey, though they retain the desirable 
softness and elasticity. Some are on the 
order of the summer djersa with a sug- 
gestion of homespun in the surface fin- 
ish. One designed especially for coat pur- 
poses is very thick and soft, with a vel- 
vet}.- finish on the order of velours de laine. 

A coat for the development of which 
this new jersey is utilized is in double- 
breasted effect, *with a large convertible 
collar of plain velours. The cuffs corre- 
spond with the collar. Velours give prom- 
ise of being used as a substitute for peltry 
on smart outergarments. The back of the 
coat is in two sections, the lower beiny 
gathered and- attached to the upper section' 
under a belt of velour trimmed with large 
buttons. 

Costumes of jersey are unusually good 
looking and a bewitching model in brown 
has a plaited skirt with flare pockets 
hemmed with brown satin and embroidered 
in simple effect. A shawl collar and vest 
of satin trim the waist, which has the 
skirt joined to it under an embroidered 
belt. The sleeves flare below the elbow, 
but are close-fitting at the wrist. 



The Book Corner 

Business literature has grown to be a 
real factor today. It claims the attention, 
criticism and respect of everyone who is, 



or desires to be, a real business man or 
woman and not a mere "job-holder." 

On no subject is more sense and non- 
sense being written. Thoughtful and 
really helpful literature is being published 
and earning the commendation of our really 
big business men. On the other hand we 
are asked to buy books which will turn a 
fool into a wise man, provided he will 
ruminate long enough over a lot of mean- 
ingless nonsense about "cultivating the de- 
sire to will" and bosh of that kind. 

It is necessary to distinguish between the 
wheat and the chaff. Some really good 
material is being turned out by the A. W. 
Shaw Company of Chicago, the publishers 
of System. These people sent to the Bell 
Telephone News recently a collection of 
books, believing that a review of them 
would prove interesting to telephone 
employes. 

Before offering any comments or criti- 
cism on the books there are one or two 
points which must be made clear. 

These books are not written with the 
same object as a hand-book on chess or 
bridge. When confronted by a problem 
people are not expected to bring one of these 
books out of their hip pockets and learn the 
next move. The books are inspirational. 
If read with this understanding stu- 
dents will find themselves, as they con- 
tinue to read, growing broader, more in- 
terested in their business, more efficient, 
and consequently more valuable to them- 



selves and their employers. 

One other important feature. It is not 
intended that a young fellow should take 
a course of reading in corporation finance 
and imagine promptly that he could run his 
company's business better than his bosses. 
It is not expected by the writers that ev- 
eryone who reads their suggestions will at 
once put them into practice — they may clash 
with some tried-out and very efficient 
methods at present in use. There are no 
definite, final standards of business pro- 
cedure, but there are basic laws on which 
successful trading is built up, and everyone 
from the office boy up can profit by study- 
ing these, and learning how other men are 
applying their experience to their knowl- 
edge of fundamental principles. 

Women are now forging ahead in busi- 
ness. There are many things in this class 
of business literature which should appeal 
strongly to 'the serious-minded, ambitious, 
intelligent women, of whom we have so 
many. 

"Personality in Business." A. W. Shaw 
Company. 196 pages in vellum cloth, net 
$1.25. 

This is a valuable book. It consists of 
a collection of writings by such men as 
Andrew Carnegie, A. Montgomery Ward, 
Henry C. Lytton of "The Hub," Ed. D. 
Easton, president of the Columbia Phono- 
graph Company. 

One feels after reading it a sense of the 
(Continued on Column 3, Page 28.) 



MACK TRUCKS 

This MACK worm drive truck is one of a number of MACK Trucks in the 
Chicago Telephone Company service. 

MACK truck construction embodies the happy combination of simplicity 
and ruggedness, with all motor parts accessible and easily removable, with 
large bearings and especially heat treated steel, insuring long operation with 
a minimum of overhaul costs. 

Write for Specifications 

Complete Line of 
MACK TRUCKS 
1 to 1\ Tons 

International Motor Co. 

NEW YORK 




26 



BELl/TELEPHONE'NEWJ 




Safety First 



Accident 



Member National Safety Council 
Member American Museum of Safety 




TIME WAS WHEN WE SAID: "TOO BAD." 
NOW WE SAY: "WHY?" 



YOU KNOW YOUR WORK? 
BE CAREFUL ! 



TELEPHONE WORK IS NOT HAZARDOUS, 

BUT SOME OF US DO HAVE ACCIDENTS 
AND USUALLY FROM THOUGHT- 
LESSNESS OR CARELESSNkSS 



Fire and Accident Prevention 
Day 

Preventable fires at any time are crim- 
inal. Now, with our country's need of 
every ounce of its 
strength and every shred 
of its resources, they 
are almost treason. Read 
President Wilson's let- 
ter shown on this page. 

It i not without sig- 
nificance that the anni- 
versary of the great Chi- 
cago fire, October 9th. 
has been selected as the 
date for Fire and Acci- 
dent Prevention Day 
throughout the country, 
and that on this date in 
the various large centers, 
special programs will be 
carried out, and efforts 
will be made to secure 
the active interest and 
cooperation of every 
man, woman and child in 
the country. 

Fire and accident pre- 
vention is always 
highly important, but at 
this time, paraphrasing 
the words of President 
Wilson, "it is more than 
ever a matter of deep 
and pressing impor- 
tance." 

Some simple rules that 
anyone can observe have 
been prepared by the 
National Board of Fire 
Underwriters : 
1. If you discover a 
fire, give the alarm promptly. Do you 
know how to do this? Ask to be shown. 

2. Don't smoke where it is not per- 
mitted. 

3. Never drop a lighted match, cigar or 
cigarette; be sure that it has no spark be- 
fore throwing it away. 

4. Carry your precautions into your 
own home; keep your house and yard free 
from rubbish, and help others to do the 
same. 

Rules for accident prevention are many, 
but there is one simple rule that every in- 



telligent person can follow — the rule of 
reason. Use reasonable care in everything 
you do. 

Help Uncle Sam! Be careful!! 



THE WHITE HOUSE. 

WASHINGTON. 



Preventable fire is more than a 
private misfortune. It is a public dereliction. 
At a time like this of emergency and of mani- 
fest necessity for the conservation of national 
resources, rt is more than ever a matter of deer, 
and pressing consequence that every means should 
be taken to prevent this evil. 




stop to fix it (the injury) up until I com- 
pleted the job." 

With the first aid materials supplied so 
universally by the company, we should not 
have a single case of 
infected wound or burn. 
If a burn is received, ap- 
ply (telephone ointment 
at once and cover it 
with a bandage. If a 
cut or scratch is re- 
ceived, apply iodine at 
once and cover with a 
bandage. 

When iodine is 
promptly applied to cuts, 
scratches and other 
wounds where the skin 
is broken (except 
burns) it will prevent 
infection; and telephone 
ointment promptly ap- 
plied to burns (regard- 
less of their cause) will 
prevent infected burns. 

Blisters which have 
broken should receive 
the same treatment as 
cuts or scratches, that is 
to say, iodin» should be 
applied and the part 
bandaged. 

PREVENT ACCI- 
DENTS, OF COURSE, 
BUT AFTER AN AC- 
CIDENT—FIRST AID 

FIRST. 




FACSIMILE OP STATEMENT MADE BY PRESIDENT WILSON FOR THE 
NATIONAL BOARD OF FIRE UNDERWRITERS, JUNE 26, 1917. 



KEEP THE FIRST 
AID KITS FULL. 



First Aid First 

The importance of first aid and its po- 
sition in the time that elapses after an in- 
jury, are indicated by its very name, and 
if we would prevent infection in slight 
wounds, such as cuts, scratches or burns, 
we must apply first aid at once, not an 
hour or so later, or when we get home at 
night, but at once. 

Cases of infection among men usually 
have the history of, "I didn't think it 
amounted to anything and didn't do any- 
thing to it until 1 got home," or "I didn't 



July Accidents 

During July, a considerable number of 
accidents were reported ; most of them 
v ere readily preventable and fi r st aid 
promptly applied would have avoided pain- 
ful results for many of the injuries. A 
review of them is decidedly interesting. 

In reading over the following statement 
of some of the accidents, consider them 
sympathetically, not in an over critical 
attitude, but from the standpoint, "What 
would I have done under similar circum- 
stances?" 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



27 



Smooth writing, 
long wearing 
quick sharpening 
the standard colored 
pencils for more than 
a quarter century. 



Colored 
Pencils 



Paper Pencil Company 

PHILADELPHIA. 





The "Perfect" Metal Block 

(See Cut) 

is one of the 

"ANVIL BRAND" BLOCKS 

Linesmen 
find gives best service. 



We make a full line of Blocks for all purposes. 



WESTERN BLOCK CO. 

LOCKPORT, N. Y. 

NEW YORK CITY CHICAGO 
74 Murray St. 34 N. Clinton St. 



Some of us are constantly on 
the watch to prevent accidents to 
ourselves and others — all of- us 
desire to do so. If we will all 
work together to prevent acci- 
dents, we will have even greater 
success than we have accom- 
plished to date. 

Two groundmen were cutting 
asphalt and a piece of the head 
of the asphalt cutter, which had 
become mushroomed, chipped off 
and struck one of the men on 
the left leg, causing a cut. 

A commercial agent was cross- 
ing a street in the middle of the 
block when he was struck by a 
street car. 

An operatoi scalded the palm 
of her right hand while using 
hot water in the wash room. 

An operator was struck in the eye by a 
cord which was being taken down by an- 
other operator at an adjoining position. 

A P. B. X. installer, while pulling cable 
through conduit, blistered his right hand. 
He paid no attention to the blister and a 
couple of days later it became infected. 

A cable helper was making lead cleats 
with a hammer and a chipping _ knife. 
When he hit the chipping knife with the 
hammer, the knife cut his thumb. 

A lineman was attaching strain plates to 
a pole and thought he had his safety strap 
properly placed. When he changed his 
position, he fell to the ground, fifteen or 



BBH 



mm 



twenty feet below. 

An equipment in- 
staller was solder- 
ing cable on I. D. F. 
terminal strips. The 
solder rolled from 
the point of the 
iron and dropped on 
his left leg, causing 
a burn. 

An installer while 
on a pole attempted 
to swing around 
clear of a junction 
box when his left 



WHIT 




Specially Designed For All 
Phases of Telephone Work 

SINCE 1911 White engineers have co-operated 
with telephone companies in designing 
trucks to meet the demands of routine service 
as well as many kinds of highly specialized work. 
This co-operation has resulted in a great saving 
of time, labor and money. 

This is one reason why White Trucks best 
meet the requirements of the telephone com- 
panies and why they continue to buy them in 
large fleets, year after year. 

The following are some of the duties White 
Trucks perform: 

Repair and construction work in cities and 
suburban districts. 

Delivering materials, tools and supplies. 
Carrying workmen to outlying districts. 
Pulling aerial and underground cable. 
Loading and unloading cable reels and other 
materials. 

Pumping out flooded conduits. 
Transporting, setting and righting telephone 
poles. 

Quickly clearing up wreckage and other 
obstructions. 

Shoring up weakened buildings. 

Producing light for night work. 

Making inspections and collecting money 
from pay-stations. 

THE WHITE COMPANY 

CLEVELAND 



28 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



spur chipped out of the pole and he 
bruised his knee. 

A cable splicer, working in a manhole, 
was sitting on a box. The box turned over 
and he fell into it, striking his left side 
against the corner of the box, fracturing a 
rib. 

A cable helper was wiping a joint on a 
lead sleeve when some of the hot metal 
slipped from the wiping pud and got under 
his signet ring, causing . burn. 

A lineman was just coming down from a 
tree, in which he had been working, when 
he stepped backward into a hole in the 
ground, spraining his ankle. 

A cable helper was pouring hot metal on 
a joint and some of the hot metal spat- 
tered on his left wrist, causing a burn. 



The Accident Prevention Trophy 

The standing of the various districts in 
the three divisions of the Chicago Plant 
Department for the period ending July 31, 

1917, is as follows: 

Suburban Plant 

1. Waukegan. 

2. La Grange. 

3. Elgin. 

4. Woodstock. 

5. Hammond. 

6. Joliet. 

7. Evanston. 

8. Aurora. 

9. Harvey. 

10. Oak Park. 

11. Special Estimate. 

12. Wheaton. 

Construction 

1. North Construction. 

2. South Construction. 

3. Building Cabling. 

4. Shops. 

5. Cable Repair. 

6. Supplies. 

7. Garage. 

8. Central Construction 

Maintenance 

1. Canal. 

2. Beverly. 

3. Main. 

4. Central. 

5. Wabash. 

6. Rogers Park. 

7. Austin. 

8. Monroe. 

9. Hyde Park. 

10. Stewart. 

11. Edgewater. 

12. Superior. 

13. Douglas. 

14. Oakland. 
15.. Lake View. 
10. Kedzie. 

17. Wentworth. 

18. Calumet. 

19. Pullman. 

20. South Chicago. 



21. Lincoln. 

22. Humboldt. 

23. West. 

24. Irving. 

25. Belmont. 

26. Yards. 

27. Prospect. 

28. Lawndale. 

During September the Accident Preven- 
tion Trophy will be displayed by Messrs. 
Ford of Waukegan District, Fred Bremer 
of North Construction, and A. Cerny of 
Canal exchange. All three of them have 
had the trophy before. We congratulate 
them on again securing it by winning first 
place in the contest in their respective di- 
visions. 



Advice from Our Health Department 

CONSTIPATION 



One of the principal causes for early 
wrinkles — bad complexion — indigestion — 
irritability and many other "complaints" is 
constipation. 

Tf peristalsis (a wormlike movement by 
which the alimentary canal propels its con- 
tents) is not normally active, then it is 
because we have not enough "roughage," 
that is to say, there is not enough un- 
digested residue of the food we have eaten 
to get action. Foods that are assimilated 
in the stomach and small intestines and 
have no roughage should be omitted for i 
time until constipation is cured. Medicine 
only corrects constipation ; it does not cure 
it. 

Below is given a diet list, which if 
strictly followed f or • at least four weeks 
will cure the ordinary case of constipation. 

Diet for Constipation 

Drink two big glasses of cold water on 
arising and on retiring. 

MENU 
Breakfast 

Fruit Apple Sauce Oranges Apples 

Grape Fruit 
Prunes (at least six with juice cooked in 
very little sugar) 
Honey 

Cracked Wheat or Any Breakfast Food 

Luncheon 

Whole Wheat Bread (Plenty of Butter) 
Brown Bread 
Bran Bread Graham Bread 
English Muffins with Maple Syrup Fruit 
Dinner 

Meat Vegetables (at least two courses) 
Salad with plenty of Olive Oil 
Eat Two Raw Apples Before Retiring 

DO NOT EAT 
White Bread, Pastries and Cakes, 
Macaroni 

Rice, Irish Potatoes, Toasted White Bread 
MAY BE TAKEN MODERATELY 



Coffee once a day (weak). 

Meat once a day. 
SHOULD BE EATEN ABUNDANTLY 

Spinach, Carrots, Cabbage, Celery, Salad, 
Lettuce, Radishes, Onions, Brussels- 
sprouts, Fruits of all kinds, especially 
Apples. 

GENERAL ADVICE 

1. Regular habits. 

2. Exercise, especially walking out of 

doors. 

3. Don't worry. 

It is well to drink at least eight glasses 
of water a day. If the foregoing diet is 
strictly followed and does not cure an 
ordinary case of constipation, the advice of 
a physician should be sought. It is, of 
course, understood that a badly chronic 
case should be under the care of a physi- 
cian. 



BOOK CORNER. 

(Continued from Page 25.) 
dignity of 'business and a realization of 
his own true importance in his own 
sphere. It gives the smaller man a glimpse 
of the visions, aspirations, plans, and mental 
processes of really big men. No one can 
read the book without obtaining a broader 
outlook. It shows, too, how the private 
life of the individual creates in the public 
mind a certain impression of the business 
in which that individual is engaged. The 
lesson seems to be that our private life 
should exhibit that dignity, soundness, and 
responsibility which will fit us to represent 
in more important capacities the great serv- 
ice corporation which we work for. 

"Business Correspondence" in three vol- 
umes by A. W. Shaw Company, price $5 
net, is a very complete treatise on letter 
writing and contains the soundest kind of 
common sense. 

The book should be useful, not alone to 
letter-writers, but to everyone, for it is 
actually a treatise on right, logical think- 
ing. The fact that the thoughts suggested 
are later to be put in writing is a side issue. 
There is no surer way of increasing our 
efficiency and winning respect than an 
ability to think logically and to express 
ourselves clearly and forcefully. Many of 
the thoughts contained in this book are 
extremely good. Any man who thinks, 
speaks, and writes in his business — and he 
is a queer fellow who doesn't — can gain 
real interest and inspiration from the work. 
It is open to anyone who is interested to 
obtain from the publishers, gratis, a book- 
let giving a resume of the subjects dealt 
with in this work. 

It should be understood clearly that The 
News does not endorse all of the opinions 
expressed by writers of books which are 
reviewed in this column. 

Anyone desirous of obtaining the books 
should write direct to the A. W. Shaw 
Company, 5 North Wabash avenue, Chi- 
cago. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



29 



If you are not using 

Bierce Anchors 

we claim that you 
are not getting maxi- 
mum efficiency from 
the money expended 
for guying. 

May we have the 
opportunity of con- 
vincing you? 

Best by test. 

Increased efficiency of guying. 
Easily installed. 
Results uniformly gratifying. 
Cost very low. 
Exceptional holding power. 

MANUFACTURED BY 

The Specialty Device Company 

Cincinnati, Ohio 




P«t. Aug. 19. 1913 




A 

HAND 
PORTABLE 
WHICH IS SHOCK-PROOF 

It is impossible to have short circuits, to blow 
fuses, or injure men or apparatus with a 

BENJAMIN FIBRE HAND PORTABLE 

installed as an indispensable part of telephone 
equipment. All electrical dealers have them. 



BENJAMIN ELECTRIC MFG. CO. 



New York 



CHICAGO 
130-28 8. Sangamon St. 



San Francisco 





Note Protection at Corners 

Blake Insulated Staples 

Unequalled for telephone and 
bell wiring. The fibre insulation 
prevents troublesome short cir- 
cuits and grounds. 4 Sizes. Pat. 
Nov. 1900. Write for samples. 

Blake Signal & Mfg. Co. 
Boston, Mass. 




LA SALLE 1} 
MONROE 
STREETS 



In Peace or 
War Thrift is 
Patriotism.. 

3% Interest Paid in 
Our Savings Department 

The Northern 
Trust Co...Bank 

N.W COR.L, ASALLE G-MONROE STS..CHICAGO 
CAPITAL. ^2,000,000 SURPLUS f 2,000,000 



WABASH 640 

will put you in touch with 
personal and experienced insur- 
ance service for getting most 
reasonable rates and broadest 
protection for your property, 
household goods, automobile, 
baggage and jewelry against fire 
and theft. 

Get our advice — our firm is 
manager of the insurance de- 
partment of the A. T. & T. Co. 

MARSH & M-LENNAN 

INSURANCE IN ALL ITS BRANCHES 

INSURANCE EXCHANGE 
CHICAGO 



30 



BELl/TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



Public 

Protection from Competition — Invasion 
of Occupied Territory 

California Railroad Commission. 
In the matter of the Coast Counties Gas 
& Electric Company, filed against the Sierra 
and San Francisco Power Company, the 
Coast Counties Company contended that 
inasmuch as it is at present occupying the 
territory and giving proper and adequate 
service at reasonable rates, it should be 
protected in the enjoyment of its present 
monopoly. In this connection Commis- 
sioner Devlin said : "In finally passing 
upon the degree of protection to which a 
utility is entitled in a specific case, it is 
essential that the obligation undertaken by 
the utility shall clearly include the particu- 
lar class of service for which it desires 
protection when another utility of similar 
character desires to enter the field. An 
existing utility is required to demonstrate 
not only its ability to serve, but also the 
extent to which it holds itself out to serve; 
otherwise a financially weak utility with 
limited facilities which are designed to 
serve, or which are capable of serving, 
only the relatively small consumer could 
claim protection of territory when a class 
of business develops for which it has made 
no provision, either as regards rates or 
supply facilities. Clearly, protection of this 
character is directly contrary to the pub- 
lic interests, and if indulged in would ef- 
fectually discourage the establishment of 
new enterprises in the territory so pro- 
tected, and remove the inducement and 
necessity for supplying proper utility serv- 
ice to all who may apply. In this connec- 
tion it may be well to point out that a 
utility's claim to protection cannot be main- 
tained as against the public, which demands 
service beyond the ability of the utility to 
supply, or of a character not contemplated 
in the obligation which the utility has as- 
sumed. The limitations of a utility's abil- 
ity to serve involves questions of facts 
which may be readily determined, while 
the self imposed limitation of obligation to 
serve can best be disclosed by the actual 
operations of the utility and by its regu- 
larly established rate schedules." 

Discontinuance of Free Inter-Exchange 
Service Required by Terms of Fran- 
chise and Establishment of Toll 
Rates in Lieu Thereof 
Authorized 
Arizona Corporation Commission. 
The Montana States Telephone and 
Telegraph Company sought authority to 
place in effect its standard toll charges on 
all messages between Glendale and Phoe- 
nix in either direction, which service it 
had been furnishing free in accordance 
with the terms of the franchise under 
which it was operating and which had been 
granted to the Overland Telephone and 
Telegraph Company, whose property ap- 



Utilities Commission 



plicant had purchased. The town of Glen- 
dale objected, although it admitted that 
the commission had jurisdiction to grant 
the authority sought, despite the franchise 
provision. The toll service between Glen- 
dale and Phoenix was the only free toll 
service being furnished in Arizona. The 
toll lines between these places were con- 
gested, being used by both subscribers and 
non-subscribers without payment of any 
charge. 

Held: I, It would be an injustice to 
those subscribers who do not send toll 
messages between the two exchanges to 
establish a rate for exchange service suffi- 
ciently high to provide a reasonable re- 
turn upon the toll investment and to take 
care of the added expense of giving free 
toll service to other subscribers or to non- 
subscribers. 

2. To permit free toll service between 
the exchanges at Glendale and Phoenix 
would be to place a burden on some other 
community or exchange within the state 
not enjoying such a privilege. Toll serv- 
ice is a valuable service and it should be 
charged for at reasonable toll rates. 

3. The section of the franchise granted 
by the town of Glendale providing for free 
toll service between Glendale and Phoenix 
has brought about discrimination which can 
be eliminated only by permitting a toll 
charge in lieu of free service, or requiring 
free service between all other exchanges 
in the state similarly situated. 

4. Applicant should be authorized to 
charge and collect for messages between 
Glendale and Phoenix its standard toll 
rates which are now being charged through- 
out 'the state for like messages. 

Extensions of Service 

Public Service Commission of Pennsylvania. 

John C. Ulrich sought an order of the 
Public Service Commission of Pennsyl- 
vania directing the Eastern Pennsylvania 
Light, Heat, and Power Company to ex- 
tend its gas service to his premises. It 
appeared that the desired extension would 
be some 994 feet in length and that because 
of the rocky character of the ground the 
cost of installing it would be comparatively 
expensive. It further appeared that there 
were no business places along the route 
and that while there were a number of 
dwellings the occupants thereof with few 
exceptions would not consume any ap- 
preciable amount of gas and that neither 
they nor complainant would give any esti- 
mate or idea of the probable amount of 
gas they would purchase in a year. 

The Commission refused to issue the 
desired order, holding that the mere fact 
that a public utility has corporate rights 
and authority to exercise them in a bor- 
ough is not in and of itself a sufficient 
and compelling reason under all circum- 
stances and conditions why the utility 



Rulings 

should be required to extend its service 
to any portion of the town on the applica- 
tion of a prospective consumer residing 
within its borders. That before the utility 
could be compelled to extend its service 
to such prospective consumer there must 
appear in the petition for the proposed 
extension of facilities some evidence that 
the service desired contain some elements 
of remuneration within a reasonable period 
of time and that if the extension were 
ordered it would not prove chiefly or whol- 
ly an economic waste. 

Company Not Required to Make Un- 
profitable Extensions 

Nebraska State Railway Commission. 

Two reasons were given by the Nebraska 
State Railway Commission in holding that 
telephone companies need not build excess 
construction in rural communities to fur- 
nish service for persons desiring it. 

One was that it was inequitable to those 
whose service needs were met by ordinary 
construction in that in the end they must 
help pay the cost of the excess construc- 
tion. The other is that there is no obli- 
gation upon a company to do so when 
there is no immediate possibility of proper 
returns. 

The matter came before the commission 
on a complaint from farmers in the Loup 
river country, served by the Nebraska 
Telephone Company, that they were un- 
able to get service except upon terms they 
believed to be onerous and excessive. 

The company replied that it was willing 
to build a quarter of a mile from an ex- 
isting line in order to furnish service, but 
beyond that the subscriber should pay the 
excess cost. It objected to investing $50 
or $100 in building a line to an isolated 
farm house when there was no certainty of 
continuous service being desired. 

It pointed out that one of the applicants 
for service desired an instrument installed 
in a farm house from which the company 
had only a month previous removed a tele- 
phone and had since torn down the pole 
line upon the discontinuance order of the 
previous occupant. 

The commission held that the company 
was entitled to adequate revenue upon its 
investment, and approved of its proposition 
that under such circumstances it should be 
paid five years in advance or guaranteed 
against the discontinuance of service be- 
fore the end of that period. 

The same principle was applied in the 
application of the Farmers Elevator Com- 
pany of Rohrs, for individual line service 
from Johnson and Auburn. The company 
now has party-line service, but this is un- 
satisfactory. The Auburn Telephone Com- 
pany declined to run new lines to Rohrs for 
individual line service unless the company 
signed a five-year contract. 



" NOTICE TO READER * When you finish reading this magazine place a one-cent stamp on this notice, hand same to any postal employe and it will be 
* placed in the hands of our soldiers and sailors at the front. No wrapping — no address. -A. S. Burleson, Poatmaater 'General . 



BELL TELEPHONE NEWS 




Vol. 7. No. 3. 



OCTOBER, 1917 



Buy a Liberty Bond 



The patriotic response to the first Lib- 
erty Loan showed the temper of real 
Americans, showed that when America 
calls she does not call in vain, and proves 
beyond doubt that American dollars will 
win this war. And now once again Amer- 
ica stretches forth her hands and asks for 
more money to earn- on the fight for the 
principles of Liberty and Democracy. Our 
strongest ally, England, has issued her 
fifth loan, and her people have responded 
as they did to the words of Nelson before 
the battle of Trafalgar: "England ex- 
pects every man to do his duty."' Shall 
we be any less patriotic? The goal of 
our second great Liberty Loan is three 
billion dollars, and no one doubts that it 
will be over-subscribed. 

Coupled with our patriotic inclination 
to purchase Liberty Bonds is their at- 
tractiveness from the investment stand- 
point. Every great undertaking must be 
liberally financed. It is rare indeed when 
one, two, or several men can, at organ- 
ization, supply sufficient capital to equip 
and put upon a working basis physically 
and financially a new enterprise of even 
modest capital. The incorporators there- 
fore turn to the public, to investors, and 
invite them to furnish part of the neces- 
sary funds to sustain the business in its 
early stages of development. So it is with 
our government — the business of war must 



be amply financed. If we arc to have an 
army and navy to defend our rights, the 
men must be clothed, fed, equipped, and 
transported to the scene of action. The 
health and comfort of our soldiers and 
sailors must be safeguarded. In short, 
nothing must be overlooked which con- 
tributes in the slightest degree to the suc- 
cessful waging of this great enterprise, 
an enterprise which stands for Right and 
Freedom. The nation's business is your 
business, is your neighbor's business, >s 
the business of every patriotic American. 

Uncle Sam does not ask for gifts. He 
merely asks you to do business with him, 
and pays you four per cent on your money. 
Where can you find a more reliable 
debtor? Where can you find better se- 
curity? A Liberty Bond holder, therefore, 
has the satisfaction of knowing that not 
only is he doing his part to win this great 
war, but he is making a sound investment 
for himself. 

Bell Telephone employes will have the 
same facilities for subscribing through the 
telephone organization as before. They 
are enabled to buy bonds and pay for thein 
in installments from their pay each week 
or month. Bell Telephone employes did 
themselves and their company proud on 
the first Liberty Loan, and they will do 
so again on the second Libert\ Loan. 

Buy a Liberty Bond lest Liberty perish. 



DELL* TELEPHONE-NEW^ 



ONE POLICY 


UNIVERSAL. SERVICE 


ONE SYSTEM 


Volume 7 


CHICAGO, ILL., OCTOBER, I9J7 


Number 3 



The Month in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois 

News Notes and Personal Items of Interest 



Ohio Division 



H. Kirby, Correspondent. 
Columbus 



Chillicothe District 

Manager W. E. Putnam of the Lancaster 
exchange recently secured contracts cov- 
ering a Xo. 1 private branch exchange of 
one trunk and five stations, for the Lan- 
caster Glass Company. 

Xelsonville claims the largest switch- 
board, number 167-E type, in Ohio and 
possibly in the central group. It is com- 
posed of nine continu- 
ous sections using the 
old No. 90 jack, cord 
and order button trans- 
fer system. This board 
was considered ade- 
quate when installed 
years ago, but the tele- 
phone business has 
grown fast, and when 
the new three- story 
building of Greendale 
red rug brick and stone 
is completed a new 
common battery ex- 
change will be installed 
there. 

On the evening of 
August 30th the girls 
of the traffic and com- 
mercial d e p a rtments, 
Xelsonville, entertained 
at the groom's home on 
Chestnut street with a 
picnic supper in honor 
of Mrs. Carl Petitt, 
supervisor, who until 
August 20th was Miss Kate Lovett. The 
bride was presented with a beautiful cut- 
glass fruit bowl. She expects. to continue 
her service with the company. 

Miss Marie Donley, toll operator, has 
resigned to accept a position with the New 
York Coal Company as pay roll clerk. 

Miss Mamie Ruscoe, local operator, has 
resigned to accept a position with the 
Shafer Wholesale House. 

Miss Freda Smith, toll operator, has re- 
signed to accept a position with the Ruck- 



eye Coal and Railway Company as pay roll 
clerk. 

Miss Grace Ross, recording operator, 
has resigned to accept a position with the 
Manhattan Store Company as cashier. 

Walter Ashbaugh and Harold Morrow 
of Rushville and R. B. lies of Circleville, 
Ohio, have accepted positions as linemen 
at the Nelsonville exchange. 

Miss Chloe Miller recently spent a 
week with her friends at Hillsboro, Ohio. 



Annual Central Union Outing at 
Lancaster 

The employes of the local Central 



the occasion one of their most successful 
outings. 

Those present were Manager and Mrs. 
W. E. Putnam, their daughters, Lucile 
Dorothy and Rosemary, and son, Charles ; 
Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Nothacker ; Mr. and 
Mrs. Frank Outcalt and their daughter; 
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph O'Gara and their 
two daughters ; Misses Mary Hyle, Ruby 
and Laura Baxter, Hazel Stoneburner, 
Aileen Carmon, Rose Bush, Pearl Dindoro, 
Mildred Black, Glenna and Lucile Stout, 
Genevieve Steiner, Mary Kiernan, Helen 
Kull, Wilda Ultican, Izetta and Tillie 
Kindler and Dorothy Leonard ; Ralph Bit- 
ler, Ralph Sears, Charles Leonard, Miss 
Stoner of Springfield, 
Ross K i e f a b e r of 
Stoutsville, Manager 
and Mrs. H. W. Dull 
of Logan, Manager 
and Mrs. L. Hammond 
of Carroll. 



o > 'i ■ • 



LOCAL AND TOLL SWITCHBOARD OF ORNTIAI • LNION TELEPHONE COM- 
I \N"Y, NELSONVILLE. OHIO 



Union Telephone Company in Lancaster 
held their annual picnic Wednesday after- 
noon, August 22d, at Bismark Park. 
The girls were taken to the scene of fes- 
tivity in automobiles through the courtesy 
of C. M. Rowlee and George Zink. 

The afternoon was spent in a pleasant, 
social way, and about 6 o'clock full justice 
was done to a picnic supper. Music and 
dancing were enjoyed until a late hour, 
when all departed for their homes voting 

BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



Arrest Made in Bell 
Murder Case 

Many telephone peo- 
ple in Ohio will re- 
member the murder of 
Frank Bell, a collector 
for the Central Union 
Telephone Company at 
Zanesville, on the night 
of January 13, 1917. 
He was shot while 
bravely advancing up- 
on a robber who had 
vaulted over the count- 
er in the company's of- 
fice. Miss Osborn, a 
clerk, was the only 
other person present. 
After the shooting the robber removed $214 
from the cash drawer and escaped. 

Mr. Bell had been with the company 
for a lonn time, and his friends 
keenly regretted that the chances of find- 
ing the murderer were remote. Recently, 
however, three men were arrested in Co- 
lumbus on the charge of planning to rob 
a bank. One was Charles Louthan of Co- 
lumbus, and upon the evidence of Detec- 
tive James Creedon and Miss Osborn's 
identification he was held for the murder. 

U— 



2 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 




ARRIE WOODS. 
Columbus operator, 
says, "T here is 
nothing more in- 
vigorating than a 
day's outing after a 
hard week's work." 
Here is Miss Woods 
in the woods on 
September 2nd prac- 
ticing what she 
preaches and evi- 
dently enjoying herself. She has the right 
idea. 

Miss Belle Smith, operator in the Main 
exchange, was married to Leo Brooks July 
10th. Mr. and Mrs. Brooks will reside 
in Minneapolis. A photograph of Mrs. 
Brooks appeared in the September News. 

Miss Effie Palmer has accepted the posi- 
tion of evening chief operator, succeeding 
Miss Ethelyn Palmer, who was married 
to Carl Shockley July 2d. Mr. and Mrs. 
Shockley will make their home in Buffalo, 
N. Y. 

Miss Mabel Alber, information clerk in 
the Main exchange, has been promoted to 
the position of supervisor. 

Mrs. Dorothy Donaldson, who under- 
went an operation at Mt. Carmel hospital, 
is convalescing and will resume her duties 
in a few weeks. 



Dayton District 

Miss Blanche Hutto, local operator, re- 
signed September 1st and returned to 
her home in Tipton, Indiana, to finish 
her high school studies. The following 
verse was written by her for the Bell 
Telephone News : 

This telephone operator is a gay little girl 

With rosy cheeks and many a curl. 

She recites and can sing, 

And do many things, 

Besides making people's telephones ring 

Friday she's quitting to go back to school, 
To learn there every geometry rule, 
And Latin and Spanish, 
And history, too, 

With German as spice for this scliolarli 
stew. . 

In Tipton town she'll find habitation, 
From September 10th to next Decoration, 
When maybe her steps toward Dayton 
she'll turn, 

And there for a time with her auntie ad- 



Miss Margaret Robbeloth, local oper- 
ator, became the wife of Frank Nuttle- 
ship of the Third Ohio Infantry on Sep- 
tember 15th. Mrs. Nuttleship will retain 
her position with the company. 

Miss Lola Hale, operator at the Fast 
exchange, has resigned her position to 
return to school. 

Miss Stella Ditmas, local operator, at 
the Main exchange, was married on Au- 
— U 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



gust 22nd to Mr. Russell Wooster of this 
city. Mrs. Wooster has made many 
friends at Dayton, all of whom wish her 
much happiness. 

Miss Florence Stechow, official P. B. X. 
operator at the Main exchange, spent her 
two weeks' vacation visiting friends at 
Logan, Ohio. 



Indiana Division 

D. H. Whitham, Correspondent, 
Indianapolis 

Indianapolis District 

Not until Doctor Ricketts appeared in 
the full uniform of Uncle Sam's defenders 
did we realize that we were going to lose 
him and his genial presence. Our best 
wishes, Doctor — God bless and spare you. 

Guy Green, traffic superintendent, and 
family have returned from a vacation trip 
overland to 1'ontiac, Detroit and other 
points in Michigan. 

C. V. llollis, head of the observing de- 
partment, has been appointed toll traffic 
manager. F. L. Fisher succeeds him. 
Main Office 

Mrs. S. E. Dwelle, head of the work 
order department, has been promoted to 
chief clerk to the traffic manager. 

Miss Josephine Cody, evening chief op- 
erator, and J. C. Eisenman were married 
September 4th, at Holy Cross Church. 

Miss Katie Feuchter, all-night super- 
visor, and L. A. Bowman of Camp Taylor 
were married August 27th. 




A COLUMBUS TRIO ENJOYING THEIR 
SPARK TIME iN THE' COUNTRY; 

Misses Marion Stcffan, Mary Waters and 
Mary Ktange. 



Miss Helen Trine, chief operator's clerk, 
spent her vacation in the country near 
Richmond, Ind., helping to feed the cows 
and chickens. 

Miss Irene Lowden, operator, and J. 
Gordon Carroll were married September 
1st. Mr. Carroll left for Camp Taylor 
September Gth. 

Miss Mary Yunt, operator, and Paul 
Smith of the cable department were mar- 
ried September 1st. 

Miss Marguerite Kelly, operator, has 
been promoted to supervisor. 

North Office 

Miss Rachel Atkinson, formerly of 
North office, is now stationed at the Cen- 
tral Union Telephone Company's ex- 
change at Fort Benjamin Harrison. 

Mrs. Lottie Triece, Mrs. Elsie Linville 
and Mrs. Blossom Sears have returned to 
the office after brief absences. 

Miss Hazel Roberson represented the 
North office in the photoplay, "A Fortu- 
nate Accident," and added greatly to its 
success. 

Woodruff Office 

Miss Norma Webb, operator, was mar- 
ried September 5th io Archey Gearhart. 

Miss Elma llohenfeld, chief operator, 
spent a delightful vacation with friends at 
Webster Lake. 

Miss Maud Miller, operator, has re- 
signed to be married in October. 

Miss Clara Jenkins has resumed her 
duties as operator after an illness of sev- 
eral weeks. 

Irvington Office 

Miss Edna Page, night chief operator, 
recently entertained the girls of the Irv- 
ington office at her home with a stag 
party. A very- enjoyable evening was 
spent. 

Miss Lula Herzberger has resumed her 
duties as supervisor after an illness of 
several months. 

Miss Edith Mclntire, operator, has re- 
turned to her regular duties after an ill- 
ness of several weeks. 

Miss Jeanette Bell, clerk, surprised her 
friends when she announced her marriage 
to Wilmer Goodall, which took place on 
August 30th at Louisville, Ky. 

Prospect Office 

Miss Mary Kettler, supervisor, has been 
promoted to assistant chief operator, suc- 
ceeding Miss Katherine Prader, a recent 

bride. 

Miss Emma Lauber, clerk, spent her va- 
cation in Ohio. 

Miss Irene Mahoney, "B" operator, has 
returned to her duties after several weeks' 
illness. 

Miss Elizabeth Kennedy, supervisor, 
spent' her vacation with relatives in La- 
fayette. 

Miss Louise Tenner, supervisor, has 
returned from her vacation trip to Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 



BELL fELEPHONE'NEWJ 



3 



Miss Anita Tucker, operator, visited 
friends in Craw fords ville, Ind., during her 
vacation. 

Miss Mabel Gill, operator, has an- 
nounced her marriage to Louis Ball, which 
took place August loth. 



True Service 

Each issue of the Bell Telephone 
News has something in it to stir up pa- 
triotism. In these days of war and prep- 
aration, the cry for patriotism is ever 
new and interesting, and each call and 
each story fires our hearts with the desire 
to be up and doing something worth while 
for our country. 

We are all prone to desire the show — to 
do something spectacular — to be near the 
band in the procession. We can't all be in 
or near the band, but we can all do our 
bit. 

It requires a fully equipped and capable 
army at home to take care of the army in 
the field. We are doing our bit, and doing 
our bit big when we are content to belong 
to the army of workers who aid and assist 
in directing and protecting the interests of 
those who are the country's defenders and 
are in the thick of the fight. 

Our President gives us the assurance 
that our work as telephone operators is 
much appreciated. We are the medium by 
which much of the commercial and official 
business of the world is conducted. We 
have the right to feel a most commend- 
able pride in our calling, and are soldiers 
indeed. 

"The measure of true worth wins its 
way by service." 



Operators Aid French Orphans 

Some time ago the "French Orphans' 
Guard," established in Indianapolis, asked 
the assistance of the Bell telephone oper- 
ators in raising money to help cafe for 
the many French children made orphans 
by the war. 

The officers of this organization brought 
some of their war pictures to the Main 
office. They were shown to all the oper- 
ators on a screen placed in the roof gar- 
den, and together with the appeal made 
by Professor Michelon, of the guard, en- 
listed sympathy and aroused enthusiasm 
to such an extent that the work of relief 
began at once. 

All the exchanges vied with one another 
in friendly rivalry to raise the largest 
amount of money, and a total of $654 was 
turned over to the relief fund. 

In recognition of this substantial gift 
the "French Orphans' Guard" arranged a 
playlet Con the screen), the characters to 
be one from each office. The exchange 
raising the largest sum was given pref- 
erence, and its representative was marie 
leading lady. This honor fell to the train- 
ing school and Miss Julia Wright, in- 
structor, was chosen. 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



The play was entitled "A Fortunate 
Accident." To Miss Anna M. Welch, chief 
instructor of the training school, was 
given the arduous task of bringing the 
play and players into harmony, and finally 
staging the production for the camera. 
That she was equal to the task is shown 
by the fact that the play was presented 
in the Murat, the largest theatre m In- 
dianapolis, for an entire week with good 
audiences. , 

The films were all local scenes, includ- 
ing the operating room at St. Vincent's 
Hospital, the Union Station, the Beech 
Grove car shops, a wedding scene at 
Christ Church on Monument place, and 
several Indianapolis residences. 

The war pictures lent by the French 
Government and the splendid musical pro- 
grams were attractive features. 

In rolling up the receipts from the sale 
of tickets for the presentation of the play, 
the training school was again in the lead. 

The Cast 

Alice Belden, owner of Beech Grove 

shops Miss Julia Wright 

Richard Farley, superintendent of Beech 

Grove shops William Dwyer 

Mary Martin, daughter of shop fore- 
man Miss Charlotte VanTreese 

Jack Morgan, assistant shop superin- 
tendent Robert Salmon 

Rose Conway, Alice's chum 

Miss Hazel Roberson 

Myra, stenographer Miss Inez Hart 

Mrs. Belden, Alice's mother 

Miss Adaline McWhinney 

-Miss Helen Long 
Miss Elizabeth Radcliffe 
Miss Carlota McCormick 
' ^Miss Mary Dugan 
Miss Catherine Cole 
Miss Marie Kirkhoff 



Work for Our Girls 

All summer our girls have been busy 
with relief work. Assisting in the French 
orphans' relief occupied most of the sum- 
mer's leisure. Then our own sick babies 
of the "Summer Mission" came in for their 
share of our sympathies. 

Although our bit for these charities has 
been done, our girls are not satisfied to 
be idle. A desire that we be a part of 
some organized band of helpers has been 
expressed time and again. To be enrolled 
on the register as an auxiliary of the "My 
America League" and to work under its 
rallying influences seems to give us the 
proper dignity and impetus for our future 
war relief work. 

The organization of this auxiliary is 
most simple. In presenting the name for 
membership, ten cents for the badge (a 
button with "My America" inscribed 
thereon ) will be asked ; ten cents a month 



will be the dues. This fund is to be used 
for buying materials for knitting, pillow 
slips and other hospital supplies. 

Old linens from our homes are always 
needed to be used in the hospitals. A glass 
of jelly, a jar of fruit, fruit juices, etc., 
will all be gladly received; also old maga- 
zines. These may be brought to our wel- 
fare headquarters and will be sent from 
here direct to the nearest base of supplies. 

The officers of this auxiliary are: 
president, Mrs. Helen Hart; vice-presi- 
dent, Miss Cathrine Richardson ; secre- 
tary, Miss Margaret Richards ; treasurer. 
Miss Margaret Cooper. 

Meetings will be held every Tuesday 
evening, Main office, Room 522-. 



Northern and Southern District 

Lieutenant Ralph G. Hastings, who has 
been assigned to duty at Hattiesburg, 
Miss., recently visited his friends and for- 
mer associates in Terre Haute. He was 
formerly a Bell salesman and as a mem- 
ber of the "first line" forces of the Terre 
Haute development campaign, distin- 
guished himself by capturing a number 
of important "stations." His friends are 
all proud of Ralph G. and feel con'i- 
dent that he will continue to reflect honor 
upon them by manfully and efficiently meet- 
ing every situation which may confront 
him in his new duties. 

Another of our stalwarts who distin- 
guished himself by capturing "stations" in 
the Terre Haute campaign and has now 
been called by Uncle Sam for sterner duties 
is the amiable, enthusiastic, and studious 
Leo T. Osmon. The army of Uncle Sam 
requires the best men it can secure and is 
getting them when it selects men like Mr. 
Osmon. He has been ordered to prepare 
for call upon very short notice and he will 
probably be assigned to duty at Camp 
Taylor. 

Messrs. Osmon and Hastings were ac- 
tive in the organization of Terre Haute's 
Junior Chamber of Commerce; many mem- 
bers of this body have been or soon will 
be called to the colors. 

H. Lewis, Terre Haute salesman, has 
recently returned from his vacation, spent 
in Kentucky and the first one he ever en- 
joyed "with pay." He has been in the 
Bell ranks for one year and prior to his 
joining the Bell army had served eleven 
years in the employ of one of our largest 
railroad companies. 

Otis Tichenor, Terre Haute, spent bis 
vacation at his home near Youngstown 
painting the house. It is presumed that 
"Tich's" faculty at things well done prob- 
ably prompted him to paint the "Drop" 
also. He says this was a handicap be- 
cause he did not have any place to hang 
out the weekly washing. 

W. E. Lucas, assistant manager of the 
sales department, Terre Haute, wanted a 
vacation but did not feel like stopping his 
production during this period of great de- 

U— 



4 



BELL*TELEPHONE*NEWvS 



mand for man power. So he gathered 
his family together and hied himself "back- 
to the farm" for a few days' rest, putting 
up hay, plowing corn, cutting weeds, milk- 
ing cows, feeding pigs, and indulging in 
a few other miscellaneous pleasures like 
fighting off those full grown country mos- 
quitoes. He evidently did himself some 
good and at any rate lost a little of that 
double chin effect, but there is some ques- 
tion whether his consumption of perfectly 
good fried chicken and multitudinous other 
varieties of country food did not overbal- 
ance his productive labor. 

Miss Myrtle Staudacher, chief toll oper- 
ator. Terre Haute exchange, was recently 
called to Greeley, Colo., by the illness of 
her brother. 

Miss Laura LaForge, supervisor in the 
A. T. & T. office at Indianapolis, visited 
the Terre Haute exchange while on her 
vacation. 

Miss Selma Wheeler, clerk in the traffic 
chief's office, Terre Haute, was married 
on August 30th to James E. Bradley. Mr. 
Bradley has left for Camp Taylor. 

Miss Karherine Smith, formerly service 
observer, Terre Haute, but now instruc- 
tor at South Bend, visited the Terre Haute 
exchange and renewed old acquaintances 
while on her vacation. 

Mrs. Josephine Wheeler has been ap- 
pointed welfare supervisor, Terre Haute, 
succeeding Mrs. Sarah Puckett, resigned. 

Miss Bonnie Poore, service observer, 
Terre Haute, visited friends in Indianap- 
olis and Muncie on her vacation. 

Miss Olive Jones, pay station attend- 
ant, Terre Haute, who is confined to her 
home by illness, is slowly improving. 

Miss Anna Fischer, assistant instructor, 
Terre Haute, has been appointed local 
chief operator, succeeding Miss Laura 
King, who resigned September 1st to be 
married. Miss Grace Yohe succeeds Miss 
Fischer. 

The employes of the Terre Haute ex- 
change on September 2d enjoyed a boat 
ride and picnic up the Wabash river. 

W. H. Shaffer, construction foreman, 
Terre Haute, has a large force extending 
the underground system from Eighth ave- 
nue out Lafayette avenue. 

Fred Van Court, repairman at Terre 
Haute, has enlisted in the navy and re- 
ported at Indianapolis August 28th. 

A. L. Vrydagh, installer at the Terre 
Haute exchange, spent his vacation at 
home, fishing and pearl hunting. 

Sympathies are extended to W. A. 
Shaw, wire chief at Terre Haute exchange, 
whose daughter, Beulah, after an illness 
of about three weeks, died of typhoid 
fever on September 8th. The funeral was 
held at the Shaw residence on September 
loth. 

Mr. and Mrs. P. N. Hoaglin of Dan- 
ville avenue, Crawfordsville, entertained 
the employes of the Central Union Tele- 
phone Company Friday evening, September 
6th, at a party given in honor of Mr. and 
— u 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



Mrs. Harold Hattery of Van Wert, O. 
Mrs. Hattery is a sister of Mrs. Hoaglin. 
In spite of the inclemency of the weather, 
about thirty were present and greatly en- 
joyed the evening. 

Miss Anna Carney, local operator at 
Kendall ville, spent her Vacation with 
friends in Elkhart. 

.Miss Ethel McKinley, clerk at Alex- 
andria, spent her vacation at Lake George. 

Miss Etidorpha Knape, formerly of the 
state traffic department, has been trans- 
ferred to Muncie as traffic chief. 

Work on the new commercial office at 
Bedford has just been completed, It was 
moved from an upstairs room to the 
ground floor. 

The toll board at French Lick has been 
moved into the lobby at the French Lick 
Springs Hotel. The work was done by 
the equipment department. 

Gus Lewell, cashier at Bedford, has re- 
turned from a delightful vacation spent 
in Indianapolis. 

Miss Lydia Plake, information oper- 
ator at Bedford, recently spent a week with 
friends in Scottsburg, Ind. 

The severe electric storms of September 
6th and 7th caused a great deal of trouble 
at Bedford. 

Homer Harris of Bedford has been 
transferred to Dugger, Ind., as manager. 
He has been succeeded at Bedford by 
William Hawkins. 

On August 10th V. A. Niles, manager 
at Lafayette, and Miss Mary Hayes, chief 
operator, together with the Misses Schrader 
and Rutherford, toll operators, attended a 
telephone operators' picnic at Gay Park, 
near Brookston, Ind. All reported lots to 
eat and plenty of water to swim in. 

Miss Frances MacQuown, night chief 
operator at Lafayette, is on a month's va- 
cation. Miss Leslie is substituting for her. 

Miss Lois Anderson, formerly chief op- 
erator at Lafayette but now toll instructor 
at Terre Haute, was recently in the city 
visiting friends for a few days. 

Harry Lane, formerly wire chief at La- 
fayette, who took the training for officers 
at Fort Harrison, Ind., has been promoted 
to the rank of second lieutenant. He re- 
cently visited Lafayette and a party was 
given in his honor at the home of Laura 
Schweitzer, toll supervisor. Best wishes 
for the future go with Lieutenant Lane. 

Several new operators have been added 
to the force at Lafayette, Ind. Among 
them are Miss Daisy Berry, formerly of 
Gary, and Marie Mack from Chicago, 
Illinois, Mary Ransdell from Buck Creek, 
Ind., and Mrs. Sayers of Odell, Ind. 

Miss Yeative Ulrick has been transferred 
from Lafayette to Indianapolis and reports 
are that she is "some operator." 

Miss McClurkin, toll supervisor at Lafay- 
ette, has returned from her vacation. 



Miss Millicent Graham of Lafayette re- 
cently visited in West Point and took a 
few "pointers" in threshing. We don't 
know what she is expecting to "thrash." 

Miss Bertha Howard is a new toll op- 
erator at Lafayette. 

Lafayette girls have a new phonograph 
which affords much pleasure when they 
are off duty. The next thing we're 
anxious for is a kitchenette before win- 
ter comes. 



Illinois Division 

A. J. Parsons, Correspondent, 
Springfield 

Centralia District 

Miss Helen O'Laughlin, local operator 
at Centralia, has resigned, to accept a posi- 
tion in Chicago. 

Miss Addie Pfeiffer, traffic chief at Cen- 
tralia, has returned from a two weeks' 
vacation trip to St. Louis, Mo. 

Miss Helen Phipps, local operator at 
Centralia, has resigned. 

Miss Marcia Thomas, collector, and Miss 
Hattie Cunningham, stenographer at Cen- 
tralia, have returned from a trip to Niag- 
ara Falls and other eastern points. 

J. C. Miller, plant chief at Centralia, has 
accepted the position of plant chief at 
Kankakee and has been succeeded by James 
Conanty, plant chief at Galesburg. 



Galesburg District 

Howard Upton, testman at Joliet, spent 
his vacation in Galesburg. 

President C. K. Todd of the Macomb 
Telephone Company and Mrs. Todd are 
spending a three months' vacation sight- 
seeing in California, Oregon and Washing- 
ton. 

Miss Emma Lathrop is a new operator 
in the Galesburg exchange. 

Mr. and Mrs. Neil Wilcox and Mr. and 
Mrs. C. E. Wood motored over to 
Oquawka recently to spend Sunday with 
Manager Short, fishing on the Mississippi 
River. Although they were equipped with 
all the latest fishing tackle, and gave their 
wives common cane poles, the joke was on 
the boys, as the girls caught all the fish. 

Miss Edna Izer has accepted a position 
as operator at the Bushnell exchange. 

W. M. Boyd of Springfield was a caller 
at Galesburg exchange recently. 

Carl Johnson, formerly a repairman at 
Galesburg but now construction foreman 
with the American Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company, was a caller at Galesburg 
recently. 

Miss Margaret Bade, clerk, spent her 
vacation in Knoxville and Galesburg. 

Miss Erma Anderson spent her vacation 
with her parents in Biggsville, 111. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Paris District 

Miss Frances Johnson and Miss Kath- 
leen Preston have accepted positions as 
local operators at Paris. 

Miss Ruth Filson, clerk in the commer- 
cial department, Paris, has returned from 
a two weeks' vacation, spent at Lake Gen- 
eva, Wis. 

Miss Florence Sissel, night operator at 
Kansas, has resigned and has been suc- 
ceeded by Mrs. James Chapman. 

John Daniels has accepted a position as 
lineman at Marshall. 

Miss Pearl Ashby, night operator at 
Greenup, has resigned and on August 10th 
was married to Frank Dobbins. They will 
reside at Cherokee, Iowa. 

Miss Hattie Goodman, local operator at 
Greenup, has resigned. 

Miss Xelle Waldrip has accepted a posi- 
tion as operator at the Greenup exchange. 



Quincy District 

Miss Edna Niekamp, toll operator, has 
accepted a position with the Chicago Tele- 
phone Company. 

Miss Sadie Sweney, toll operator, and 
Miss Alma Goetsche, local operator, spent 
their vacations in Chicago. 

A toll patron recently placed forty-nine 
calls, all Central Union points, forty-five 
of which were put up on the first attempt, 
and but one canceled. This was consid- 
ered exceptional luck in this day and age 
of "No circuit" conditions. 

Foreman Mopps has finished work on 
cable extensions and other improvements 
in the Quincy exchange. 

Pedro P. Denton, repairman in the plant 
department, has resigned and been suc- 
ceeded by Earl Riggs of Camp Point, 111. 

The Quincy exchange expects to have 
a direct circuit between Quincy and Chi- 
cago soon. It will be a benefit to the serv- 
ice and our toll patrons. 

Miss Emma Surlage, commercial clerk, 
has returned from a two weeks' vacation 
which she spent camping, fishing and vis- 
iting in Keokuk, Iowa. 

Miss Loyola Halligan, clerk in the com- 
mercial department, spent her vacation at 
Peoria and Urbana, 111., visiting her 
brother, Edison, who is in training for the 
Aviation Corps at the State University 
School, Urbana. 

Oscar Pike, collector, has resigned to 
accept a position with the Prudential Life 
Insurance Company. 



Division Offices, Springfield 

George A. Luers, of the state engineer's 
office, was chosen under the selective draft 
and, in command of the contingent from 
the Springfield south district, left Spring- 
field September 20th. Following the me- 
thodical custom of his profession, he organ- 



ized and drilled his men before starting 
and the military bearing they presented 
on marching to the train drew unstinted 
applause from the host of friends gath- 
ered to bid them Godspeed. A beautiful 
American flag— Mr. Luers' gift to his 
men — adorned the lapel of each prospec- 
tive soldier and distinctively set off the 
Springfield men as they journeyed on a 
special train with other groups from San- 
gamon County, to their destination at 
Camp Taylor. 

Mr. Luers has been with the engineering 
department for seven years and by his 
efficient work and genial disposition has 
gained the respect and confidence of all 
his associates. As an indication of their 
regard the department presented him 




GKOKGE A. .I,UEKS 



with a wrist watch with gun metal case 
and illuminated dial. 

The department releases Mr. Luers to 
the more urgent duty of serving his 
country with complete confidence that he 
will acquit himself with honor and ear- 
nestly hopes for his safe return. 



Golf at Springfield 

The Central Union-Franklin Life Golf 
Club has completed a very successful sea- 
son. 

On Saturday, August 2nd, Fred Saw- 
tell, a member of the club and employed 
in the traffic superintendent's office, caused 
a sensation on the golf course when he 
made the ten hole, which is 188 yards 
long with water on two sides and a road 
on the other, in one stroke. When he 
accomplished this feat, he was playing a 
match with F. R. Atwood, Illinois engi- 
neer, who last year made the Number 
Four hole, which is across the pond, in 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



one stroke. Air. Atwood confesses that 
Mr. Sawtell's shot had his beaten a mile. 

On Saturday, September 1st, a graveyard 
tournament was held and seven prizes 
were awarded. J. Van Sice of the 
Franklin Life Insurance Company was the 
winner and II. R. Lee of the Central 
Union Telephone Company a close sec- 
ond. 

Probably the most successful golfer of 
the Central Union members is N. R. Har- 
rison, district traffic chief, who, although 
he has not played much golf this season, 
has given Byron Gibson a good battle for 
the gold button, awarded at the end of the 
season, three times. Once he lost one 
down in eighteen holes, and on another oc- 
casion forced Mr. Gibson to go nineteen 
holes before he went down defeated, but 
by no means disgraced. 

"Bill" Farney, chief clerk to the gen- 
eral manager, said any time he got his 
cleek working right, Mr. Gibson would 
have a mighty slim chance of keeping the 
button. "Bill" has not succeeded in get- 
ting it working yet. 

All the members of the club vote the 
past season a huge success, and everyone 
hopes there will be enough left here, 
"somewhere in the United States," to have 
a club next season. 



Opportunity Knocks 

Those who always have in mind the 
big IF in life have a golden opportunity 
to get in on the ground floor. If inter- 
ested, read the announcement below care- 
fully. 

Nearly all successful enterprises have 
had a humble beginning, and those who 
have been willing to take a chance reaped 
the bene'it. Make up your mind today 
to climb aboard and share in this one. 

The promoter requests that his name 
and address be withheld for the present, 
as he has not yet the facilities to handle 
the deluge of mail which is sure to result. 

"July 23, 1917.— Page 1. 8 agents get 
1,000,000 to join for 25c. Agents have 
four-fifths of that, one good and best 
investment for 1,000,000. understanding 
agrees that I secure a government pattent 
for security to 1,000,000 subscribed. After 
then each one adds one dollar a year for 
four years. That builds and starts for 
use. one elevated narrow watter boar road 
way for everyone to go in safety upon, 
and for a mirror for sight away. So to 
see in from and to wherever is desired. 
Through for a perfect telephone. 

"$25,000 to each of 8 agents. Each one 
go in different part of country and aver- 
age it. or each one put it in some news- 
paper and get 125,000 for the $25,000. 
Then each of 1,000,000 has the same in- 
come of use of the telephone and ele- 
vated boats roads continually for use. 

"Confidential to newspaper, get the 8 
agents to get the 1,000,000 to wright to 
me and agree for them, and you can have 
$25,000 for that." 

u— 



6 



5ELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Theodore N. Vail Named Active 
Chairman of League for 
National Unity 

Another addition lias been made to the 
many activities in which Theodore N. Vail 
is engaged. He has been named active 
chairman of the League for National 
Unity. 

This organization is the result of a 
movement to lead and express public opin- 
ion during the war. It represents church, 
political, labor, agricultural and industrial 
organizations, and was indorsed by Presi- 
dent Wilson in an address emphasizing the 
need for team play by the forces of 
American thought and opinion. 

The league, which will have headquar- . 
ters in New York, also chose as honorary 
chairmen Cardinal Gibbons and Dr. Frank 
Mason North, president of the Federal 
Council of Churches, and Samuel Gom- 
pers, president of the American Federa- 
tion of Labor: Charles Barrett, presi- 
dent of the Farmers' Educational and 
Co-operative Union, and George Pope, 
president of the National Association of 
Manufacturers, as vice chairmen. 

The object of the league is: 

"To create a medium through which the 
loyal Americans of all classes, sections, 
creeds and parties can give expression to 
the fundamental purpose of the United 
States to carry on to a successful conclu- 
sion this new war for the independence 
of America and the preservation of demo- 
cratic institutions and the vindication of 
the basic principles of humanity." 

The inclusive character of the body is 
indicated by the officers chosen. In addi- 
tion to those named, the director is' Ralph 
M. Easley, chairman of the National Civic 
Federation ; the secretary is D. L. Cease, 
editor of the Railway Trainmen's Journal, 
and the treasurer is Otto H. Kahn of 
Kuhn, Loeb & Co. 

James M. Beck, New York lawyer, is 
chairman of the executive committee, 
which includes Warren S. Stone, chief of 
the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi- 
neers; Oliver Wilson, grand master of 
the Grange : Walter George Smith, presi- 
dent of the American Bar Association; 
Vance McCormick and William R. Will- 
cox, Democratic and Republican national 
chairmen, respectively; Robert E. Speer, 
chairman of the Federal Council of 
Churches war commission ; P. H. Calla- 
han, chairman of the Knights of Colum- 
bus war activities committee; Alfred E. 
Marling, chairman Y. M. C. A. interna- 
tional committee; Rabbi Stephen S. Wise 
of the Free Synagogue; Mrs. Carrie Chap- 
man Catt, president of the National 
American Woman Suffrage Association ; 
E. McMillin. president of the World Court 
League; V. Everit Macy, president of the 
National Civic Federation; William Eng- 
lish Walling, economist and Socialist; 
George Wharton Pepper, president of the 
national committee of Patriotic and De- 
— U 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 

fense Societies; Dr. R. II. Gerard, presi- 
dent of the National F'ratcrnal Congress, 
:.nd William J I. Ingersoll of the National 
Association of Advertising Clubs. 

The conference adopted the following 
declaration of principles: 

"In an hour when our nation is fighting 
for the principles upon which it was 
founded, in an hour when free institutions 
and the hopes of humanity are at stake, 
we hold it the duty of every American to 
take his place on the tiring line of public 
opinion. 

"It is not a time for old prejudices or 
academic discussion as to past differences. 
Those who are not now for America are 
against America. 

"Our cause is just. We took up the 
sword only when international law and 
ancient rights were set at naught and 
when our forbearance had been exhausted 
by persistent deception and broken 
pledges. 

"Our aims are explicit, our purposes 
unsoiled by any selfishness. We defend 
the sanctities of life, the fundamental de- 
cencies of civilization. We fight for a 
just and durable peace and that the rule 
of reason shall be restored to the com- 
munity of nations. 

"In this crisis the unity of the Ameri- 
can people must not be impaired by the 
coices of dissension or sedition. 

"Agitation for a premature peace is se- 
ditious when its object is to weaken the 
determination of America to see the war 
through to a conclusive vindication of the 
principles for which we have taken arms. 

"The war we are waging is a war 
against war, and its sacrifices must not 
be nullified by any truce or armistice that 
means no more than a breathing spell for 
the enemy. 

"We believe in the wise purpose of the 
President not to negotiate a peace with 
any irresponsible and autocratic dynasty. 

"We approve the action of the national 
government in dispatching an expedition- 
ary force to the land of Lafayette and 
Rochambeau. Either we fight the enemy 
on foreign soil, shoulder to shoulder with 
comrades in arms, or we fight on our own 
soil, hacks against our homes, and alone. 

"While this war .lasts, the cause of the 
allies is our cause, their defeat our defeat, 
and concert of action and unity of spirit 
between them and us is essential to final 
victory. We, therefore, deprecate the ex- 
aggeration of old national prejudices — 
often stimulated by German propaganda — 
and nothing is more important than the 
clear understanding that those who in this 
crisis attack our present allies attack 
America. 

"We are organized in the interests of a 
national accord that rises high above any 
previous division of party, race, creed and 
circumstance. 

"We believe that this is the critical ami 



fateful hour for America and for civiliza- 
tion. To lose now is to lose for many 
generations. The peril is great and re 
quires our highest endeavors. If defeat 
comes to us through any weakness, Ger- 
many, whose purposes for world-wide do- 
minion are now revealed, might draw to 
itself, as a magnet does the filings, the 
residuum of world-power and this would 
affect the standing and the existence of 
America. 

"We not only accept, but heartily ap- 
prove the decision reached by the Presi- 
dent and Congress of the United States to 
declare war against the common enemy 
of the free nations, and as loyal citizens 
of the United States we pledge to the 
President and the government our undi- 
vided support to the very end." 



The Voice with the Smile 

True courtesy is the desire to be of 

service. 

Let the tone- of your voice in answering 
a telephone call express something like 
this to the party calling : "I am so glad 
you have called up and given me this op- 
portunity to be of service to you." 

Iji talking over the telephone the tone 
of your voice is quite as important as the 
words you utter. An abrupt, impatient, or 
indifferent tone can neutralize the good 
effect of language in verbal form most 
courteous ; while the courteous, kindly, "I 
really wish I could comply with your re- 
quest" tone can mitigate the disappointment 
or annoyance of the other party at the 
occasional unavoidable refusal. 

Because the calling party's tone is high, 
do not therefore allow yours to become 
so. Two discords never made a harmony. 

If you happen to get up in the morning 
with a grouch, tie a mental tin can to it and 
lose it on your way to work. A grouch is 
always out of place; and of all places in 
the universe where it is most out of place 
a business house is the one. 

Just consider how good you feel after 
a day in which you have allowed no jar- 
ring note to enter into your conversation 
or your thought ! Who'd be a grouch 
anyway ? 

Courtesy, good humor, the will to be of 
service to others, are mental chemicals that 
neutralize the acids of grouchiness, ill tem- 
per, impatience, annoyance and all their 

affinities. 

Endeavor so to live as to keep on 
friendly terms with yourself, for you are 
the one individual that you have to live 
with till you die. 



Mistaken Identity 

"Please, Central, will yer gimme back 
mer two bits — I didn't git the one I axed 
fer." 

"Why then did you keep on talking?" 

"Well, you see, Central, I thought 'twuz 
her, an' she thought 'twuz me, but 'twan't 
neither of us." — Southern Telephone News. 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



7 



Food Conservation 

James H. Collins, editor, Trade and 
Technical Press Section of the United 
States Food Administration, clearly states 
the purpose of this organization in its 
Weekly Bulletin as follows: 

"The Food Administration has many ac- 
tivities, but only one purpose. That pur- 
pose is to lead the American people to 
save concentrated foods like wheat, beef, 
pork, sugar and dairy products by substi- 
tuting more plentiful articles of equal nu- 
tritive value, and to send as much concen- 
trated food as we possibly can to our allies 
this winter, utilizing every cubic foot of 
available ocean shipping space to the best 
advantage." 

The bulletin also says : 

'"Many Americans regard food conser- 
vation as thrift and think of the Food 
Administration as an institution founded 
to help them save money. It is true that 
rearrangement of the dietary scheme may 
lead to actual economy without loss of 
nourishment, but the real purpose of food 
saving is not money saving. It is exactly 
what the term indicates, to save food. 
One of our war problems is to feed our 
allies this winter by sending them as much 
food as we can of the most concentrated 
nutritive value in the least shipping space. 
These concentrates are wheat, beef, pork, 
dairy products, and sugar. The solution 
of this problem, in which every American 
must help, is to eat less of these foods and 
more of the foods of which we have an 
abundance, and particularly to waste less 
of all foods. If food saving were mere 
money saving, there would be no incentive 
for well-to-do families to help in the work 
the Food Administration is directing. 
Moreover, the prosperity of the country is 
such that nearly everybody is well to do 
and inclined to liberal living and extrava- 
gance. Be thrifty if you want to, but do 
not get the great patriotic work of food 
saving mixed up with your bank account. 

"The food pledge is making its way very 
rapidly with the whole American people, 
but the terrible world emergency behind 
it has not yet come home to all of us. 
Living in a land which now has the largest 
remaining stock of food in the world, we 
are a little slow to realize that this stock 
can not possibly be our own to use as we 
see fit, but must be divided with countries 
where famine is a constant haunting spec- 
ter. We live in the midst of plenty this 
year. But famine is just across the seas, 
and next year, or two years from now, it 
may be in our own land unless we can 
realize the full significance of food sav- 
ing today and adjust our habits to provide 
for tomorrow. Every provision of the 
food pledge, from wheat to soap fats, has 
been carefully thought out after detailed 
study of the world's supply of food today 
and its probable supplies for several years 
to come." 

Notes from the Bulletin. 

The American idea in food saving is 
popular understanding of dietetic values 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 

and intelligent substitution of one food ar- 
ticle for another. The German idea would 
be expressed in a single word — verboten. 

Biscuits count as well as bullets in win- 
ning the war. Use fruit and vegetables 
to save wheat for our allies. Eat an apple 
and save a biscuit. 

How democracy saves food on a volun- 
tary basis is shown by the results of the 
"eat less bread campaign" in England, 
which in one month cut down the con- 
sumption of wheat flour ten per cent, a 
saving exceeding all expectations. 

Goat's milk is being used for cheese 
making on a larger scale in this country.. 

A manufacturer in New Jersey is mak- 
ing a fine salad oil from the alligator pear 
or avocado. 

The State Dairy and Food Department 
of Michigan finds by experiment that al- 
falfa contains fat resembling fresh butter, 
which may be important as food. 

Butter must be conserved because the 
world's stock of edible fats is rapidly 
diminishing and an increased production 
cannot be secured except by organized ef- 
fort in the dairy and allied industries 
extending over several years.) 

Sugar must be conserved because there 
is a serious, immediate shortage. 

A San Francisco woman signed the food 
pledge, but with one reservation — she 
didn't see any necessity for cooking with- 
out butter. 



Pat Was Sore 

Pat walked into the post office. After 
getting into the telephone box he called the 
wrong number. As there was no such 
number, the switch attendant did not an- 
swer him. Pat shouted again but received 
no answer. 

The lady of the post office opened the 
door and told him to shout a little louder, 
which he did, but still no answer. 

Again she said he would require to speak 
louder. 

Pat got angry at this and turning to 
the lady said : 

"Begorra, if 1 could shout any louder T 
vvouh'n't use your bloomin' ould telephone 
at all!" 



A Lesson in Golf 

A devotee of golf, in search of informa- 
tion, wrote to the golf editor of a sport- 
ing newspaper and asked, "If a player 
snaggles his iron would it be permissible 
to fetter out on the tee?" 

In the absence of the golf editor, the 
question was referred to the turf editor, 
lie knew absolutely nothing about the 
game, but this ignorance did not interfere 
with his giving advice. Seizing a pencil, 
and looking fixedly at the wall, he wrote 
in answer, "Why, yes, if a player snaggles 
his iron, it would be permissible to fetter 
out on the tee, but a better way would be 
to drop the pringle in the guppy and 
snoogle it out on %ie niblick." 



France 

A. L. Peticolas, Chicago. 
Ere yet the drumming guns awoke — 
Before War's fiery tempest broke — 
With sorrow, or with sneers, men said — 
And half believed — that France was dead. 

Her sun had set — the legend ran — 
Upon the day of red Sedan; 
And on the field where vainly bled 
Her heroes, France's fame lay dead. 

But France and Frenchmen better knew, 
And to her ancient fame were true ; 
They knew the sun of glory yet 
Would shine on Gallic bayonet, 
And give the lie to those who said, 
And those who hoped, that France was 
dead. 

The tempest broke, the thund'ring guns 
And countless legions of the Huns 
Surged to her frontier and o'erpassed, 
Upon the Marne to break at last ; 
And where her noblest blood she gives 
Her guns in thunder speak : "France 
lives !" 

"France lives!" Superb, magnificent! 
Her steadfastness and valor blent 
Into such high and holy mold 
As was the Crusaders' of old. 

France lives !" Nor has she bled in vain, 
Her spirit ruled the hurricane 
Where Meuse ran crimson to the main; 
When Freedom in the balance hung 
Back from her lines the foe she flung 
And all her thund'ring guns gave tongue — 
To Freedom's foes French valor gives 
Answer in shot and shell : "France lives !" 

When once again shall shine the sun 
Of peace upon thy hills, Verdun, 
And veterans tell of freedom won, 
Pilgrims from far shall come to view 
The ground that such red carnage knew ; 
And each, as, reverent praise he gives, 
Shall murmur : "God be thanked, France 
lives P 



How Could It? 

The telephone is not making much 
progress in Russia. And no wonder ! 
Fancy a man going to a telephone and 
shouting, "Hello, is that you, Dvisast- 
kivchsmartvoiczskic ?" 

"No; dis is Zollenschonskaffirnockn- 
siffsgrowoff. Who's speaking?" 

"Seximochoczkiertyuaksmxkischofremoff. 
I wanta know if Xliferomanskeffis- 
killmajuwschzvastowsksweibierski is still 
stopping with Dvisastkivochsmartvoicz- 
kic." — London Anstvers. 



Comfort at the Telephone 

A subscriber called a number and was 
given the wrong exchange. The "A" oper- 
ator flashed back and asked the exchange 
operator, "What position are you in ?" 

The calling party responded politely, "In 
a sitting position." — Main 2487. 

IT — 



8 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Dr. Bell Writes of the Future 

A part bulletin issued by the National 
Geographic Society from its Washington 
headquarters contains an interesting com- 
munication from Doctor Alexander 
Graham Bell. The inventor of the tele- 
phone discusses as follows some of the 
problems awaiting solution by scientists 
and technical experts of the future: 

"It is interesting and instructive to look 
back over the various changes that have 
occurred and trace the evolution of the 
present from the past. By projecting 
these lines of advance into the future, you 
can forecast the future, to a certain ex- 
tent, and recognize some of the fields of 
usefulness that are opening up for the 
young men of today. 

"We have one line of advance from 
candles and oil lamps to gas, and from 
gas to electricity ; and we can recognize 
many other threads of advance all con- 
verging upon electricity. We produce heat 
and light by electricity. We transmit in- 
telligence by the telegraph and telephone, 
and we use electricity as a motive power, 
In fact, we have fairly entered upon an 
electrical age, and it is obvious that the 
electrical engineer will be much in demand 
in the future. 

"On every hand we see the substitution 
of machinery and artificial motive power 
for animal and man power. There will, 
therefore, be plenty of openings in the 
future for young, bright mechanical engi- 
neers working in this direction. 

"There is, however, one obstacle to 
further advance, in the increasing price 
of fuel necessary to work machinery. Coal 
and oil are going up and are strictly lim- 
ited in quantity. We can take coal out 
of a mine, but we can never put it back. 
We can draw oil from subterranean res- 
ervoirs, but we can never refill them again. 
We are spendthrifts in the matter of fuel 
and are using our captial for our running 
expenses. 

"In relation to coal and oil, the world's 
annual consumption has become so enor- 
mous that we are now actually within 
measurable distance of the end of the 
supply. What shall we do when we have 
no more coal or oil? 

"Apart from water power (which is 
strictly limited) and tidal and wave power 
(which we have not yet learned to util- 
ize), and the employment of the sun's 
rays directly as a source of power, we 
have little left, excepting wood, and it 
takes at least twenty-five years to grow a 
crop of trees. 

"There is, however, one other source of 
fuel supply which may perhaps solve this 
problem of the future. Alcohol makes a 
beautiful, clean and efficient fuel, and, 
where not intended for consumption by 
human beings, can be manufactured very 
cheaply in an indigestible or even poison- 
ous form. Wood alcohol, for example, 
can be employed as fuel, and we can make 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 

alcohol from sawdust, a waste product of 
our mills. 

"Alcohol can also be manufactured from 
corn stalks, and in fact from almost any 
vegetable matter capable of fermentation. 
Our growing crops and even weeds can 
be used. The waste products of our 
farms are available for this purpose and 
even the garbage from our cities. We 
need never fear the exhaustion of our 
present fuel supplies so long as we can 
produce an annual crop of alcohol to any 
extent desired. 

"The world will probably depend upon 
alcohol more and more as time goes on, 
and a great field of usefulness is opening 
up for the engineer who will modify our 
machinery to enable alcohol to be used as 
the source of power. 

"Developments of wireless telegraphy 
are proceeding with great rapidity, and no 
man can predict what startling discover- 
ies and applications may appear in the 
near future. I know of no more promis- 
ing field of exploration. 

"Already privacy of communication has 
been secured by wireless transmitters and 
receivers 'tuned,' so to speak, to respond 
to electrical vibrations of certain frequen- 
cies alone. They are sensitive only to 
electrical impulses of definite wave length. 
The principle of sympathetic vibration 
operating tuned wireless receivers has also 
been applied to the control of machinery 
from a distance and the steering of boats 
without a man on board. The possibili- 
ties of development in this direction are 
practically illimitable, and we shall prob- 
ably be able to perform at a distance by 
wireless almost any mechanical operation 
that can be done at hand. 

"Still more recently wireless telegraphy 
has given birth to another new art, and 
wireless telephony has appeared. Only a 
short time ago a man in Arlington, Va., 
at the wireless station there, talked by 
word of mouth to a man on the Eiffel 
Tower in Paris, France. Not only that, 
but a man in Honolulu overheard the con- 
versation ! The distance from Honolulu 
to the Eiffel Tower must be 8,000 miles 
at least — one third the distance around the 
globe — and the achievement surely fore- 
shadows the time when we may be able 
to talk with a man in any part of the 
world by telephone and without wires." 



Heard at Leon Springs 

First Lieutenant — "Why is it that the 
wrist-watch is such an object of levity? 
Surely you find it a great convenience?" 

Second Lieutenant — "Exactly. In the 
old days, when I wanted to find out the 
time, I had to unbutton my coat and fish 
around in my waistcoat pocket for my 
watch. All I do now is to unbutton my 
coat, fish around in my waistcoat pocket, 
discover my watch isn't there, and then 
pull up my sleeve and look at my wrist- 
watch." fc 



London Operators Stick to Posts 
During Air Raid 

By J. W. Kennedy, 
in the T elcgrafh and Telephone Journal. 

The screeching and banging of explod- 
ing bombs, with that irritating squelching 
double thud at the end, the rattle of guns, 
the feeling that at any moment — particu- 
larly the next moment — one may be crushed 
out of existence, the horrible helplessness 
and uncertainty of those who, themselves 
subjected to danger, have no means of re- 
ply; such are not experiences that our pre- 
war notions of our woman staff would 
have led us to expect could be endured — 
not that we had any reason to impute 
cowardice to them, but simply because the 
very idea of the possibility of such en- 
durance being required of them never en- 
tered our minds. They, on their parts, had 
become inured to the idea that the even 
tenor of their official duties was unlikely 
to be disturbed by anything in the nature 
of adventure. And if they had a griev- 
ance' against fate, it was that the large 
things of life, the things which call for 
the stronger qualities, were not required 
of them. The adventurous among them 
sighed for the chances of other days. The 
strong of spirit yearned for wider worlds 
to conquer. . 

Some such retrospective thoughts were 
mine on the morning of the raid, as 1 
looked around the London trunk exchange 
while bombs were actually dropping in the 
immediate vicinity, while the presence of 
airmen over and on both sides of the 
building was reported, and while the 
smoke from exploded bombs was distinctly 
seen from the windows' and through it all 
the supervisor nearest to me hovered over 
her section like a strong spirit seeking to 
help those under her charge. 

I can paint no picture of stoical insen- 
sibility. Some nervous cries there were 
'as the bombs dropped, white faces were 
the rule, but in many of these the lines 
of determination were the strongest. Si- 
lent tears were dropped," but only for a 
moment. No one near me left her post, 
and calls were passing and cords connected 
with the music of death in our ears. So 
near and insistent was the horrible thud 
of the bombs that most of us thought that 
some part of the building had been struck. 
It seemed to us that the rattle of guns 
continued longer than even during Zeppe- 
lin raids. Some day it may add some 
value to our lives to know that there were 
times when, for duty's sake, we faced the 
chance of death. It must add infinitely 
more to the lives of women, whose finer 
nervous and physical organization makes 
them feel more acutely. 

The conduct of the women staff in the 
general post office south in this and other 
raids, both day and night staff, established 
and unestablished, has been worthy of all 
praise. I have nothing but whole-hearted 
admiration for their fortitude and cour- 
age. 



BELL TELEPHONE-NEW^ 



9 



A Good Suggestion for Safety 

By J. P. Carlisle, Charlotte, N. C, in Public 
Service. 

Linemen are often called away from the 
wire work to assist in raising new poles 
or straightening up leaning poles, in fields, 
woods, and numerous other places where 
ground is uneven or covered with weeds 
and vines. It is a habit of most of them 
to assist in that kind of work when they 
will be needed for only a short time, 
without first removing their climbers. 

For instance, a few days ago two line- 
men were called on to assist in straighten- 
ing a leaning pole and did not remove 
their climbers. They were both pulling on 
a hand-line, and when the strain on the 
hand-line was let up by ground-men push- 
ing against opposite side of pole with 
pikepole, the linemen naturally stepped 
backward to retain their balance. The 
ground was covered with vines and one of 
the linemen's feet became entangled, 
causing him to stumble and stick the gaff 
of his climber in the other man's heel, cut- 
ting a severe gash and causing a nasty 
sore. 

I fully believe that the few moments 
lost by linemen in removing and replacing 
their climbers, before and after beginning 
such work, would be well worth its value 
in precaution for safety first. 



The Lion and the Lamb 

The president of one of the large cor- 
porations in Xew York, whose business is 
measured in hundreds of millions of dol- 
lars annually, has not the temper of the 
angels, says the New York Evening Post. 
The employes, from the vice president to 
the office boy, stand in dread of him. 

There came one day a new telephone op- 
erator. The president wanted to talk to 
some one in Washington, and wanted him 
quick. He got his party and was thunder- 
ing away, when squa-w-k-k-k, ping s-s-s-tt ! 
And the connection was "dished." The 
president was near to exploding when a 
competent little voice came up from the 
switchboard : 

"Well, I guess I'm the little girl who put 
the mess in message, ain't I ? You just 
look out of the window, and I'll fix it in 
ten seconds." 

And he did. And she did. And the little 
operator moved up ahead of the vice presi- 
dent in office estimation and is still at her 
switchboard. 



Any Fool Is a Good Spender 

Any fool is a good spender, but it takes 
a wise man to save money. 

That there are more fools than wise 
men is proved by the fact that one-tenth 
of all the people who die in the United 
States are buried in paupers' graves. 

With a population of 100,000,000 there 
are 10.000.000 people in the United States 
who would be hungry in ten days after 
losing their jobs. 

There are 3,000,000 men with steady 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 

jobs and little children dependent on them 
who have not saved enough to feed their 
own babies for two weeks. 

There are 1,000,000 "well-to-do" men- 
who could not pay their debts and have 
enough left to buy a gallon of gasoline 
for the automobile they ride in every day. 

What is thrift? Industry earns, econ- 
omy manages, providence plans, and fru- 
gality saves. Thrift embraces all these. 

Training in thrift should be a part of 
the curriculum of every school and part 
of the training of every boy and girl, ev- 
ery man and woman. Thrift of mind, of 
time, and most of all of money, needs 
greater emphasis. — Bulletin of National 
Safety Council. 



British Wounded Hear Favorites 
Over Telephone 

The free electrophone service, contrib- 
uted by public-spirited people of London 
to the military hospitals in that city, in- 
cludes an installation by which a hundred 
patients can listen, while lying in bed, to 
the performances transmitted from the 
stages of leading musical comedy theatres 
and music halls in London. 

Perhaps a similar arrangement will be 
made in this country if the regular and 
auxiliary hospitals become filled with 
wounded soldiers and sailors. Connection 
with band and orchestra concerts would be 
very suitable. 



Shocking 

"I am going to report you," said a 
smartly dressed matron to a P. B. X. op- 
erator at a St. Louis hotel. 

The operator had visions of a repri- 
mand. 

"Why?" she asked, timidly. 

"For being polite and efficient." 

When the operator recovered from her 
surprise, the lady explained that she was 
a member of a league, whose members 
had pledged themselves to ignore rude- 
ness and appreciate courtesy. 



Sixteen Military Cities 

The sixteen military cities or canton- 
ments built to house the 687,000 citizen 
soldiers selected for service by the draft 
represented one of the quickest and most 
remarkable building jobs on record. One 
is reminded of Aladdin's wonderful lamp 
when he sees cities on the sites on which 
but a few short weeks ago there was noth- 
ing. These cantonments are a striking 
example of American methods, and of 
American speed in doing things. 

The names and locations of these six- 
teen military cities are as follows: 

Camp Taylor, Louisville, Ky. ; Camp 



Food Pledge Week Begins 
October 28th. Sign up 



Travis, Fort Sam Houston, Tex. ; Camp 
Lee, Petersburg, Va. ; Camp Lewis, Ameri- 
can Lake, Wash. ; Camp Sherman, Chilli- 
cothe, Ohio ; Camp Devens, Ayer, Mass. ; 
Camp Grant, Rockford, 111. ; Camp Dodge, 
Des Moines, la. ; Camp Funston, Fort Ri- 
ley, Kan. ; Camp Dix, Wrightstown, N. J. ; 
Camp Jackson, Columbia, S. C. ; Camp 
Gordon, Atlanta, Ga. ; Camp Upton, Yap- 
hank, L. I. ; Camp Meade, Admiral, Md. ; 
Camp Custer, Battle Creek, Mich. ; Camp 
Pike, Little Rock, Ark. 

An army of approximately 150,000 men 
was employed in the construction of these 
cantonments up to September 1st. Since 
that date the force has been gradually 
reduced. 

A typical layout such as is required for 
accommodating the officers and men at a 
cantonment comprises, in round numbers, 
fifteen hundred separate buildings, requir- 
ing approximately thirty million feet of 
lumber. 

Each cantonment requires a complete 
system of water supply and sewage dis- 
posal, the piping alone for which amounts 
to more than fifty miles. The general 
warehouses, with necessary trackage, 
have also been provided. Where the fa- 
cilities are not available in nearby cities, 
complete refrigerating and laundry plants 
have been built. 

At each cantonment up to September 
1st it was necessary to complete on an av- 
erage of one building per hour, or for all 
the cantonments an average of one build- 
ing every four minutes. 

Thousands of carloads of material have 
been transported to and delivered at the 
sites — an enormous tax upon the already 
overburdened railroad facilities of the 
country. The railroads, however, gave 
splendid service. All government orders 
received precedence, and the lumber and 
other supplies needed have been rushed 
to the cantonments in record time. 

Telephone service was of course one 
of the first matters considered, and the 
various Bell companies detailed officials 
to superintend the construction and instal- 
lation work. These officials and their men 
worked day and night, and /when the in- 
habitants of the sixteen cities arrived they 
found telephone service ready and wait- 
ing for them. 



Shades of Munchausen! 

The horrible news comes from Arkansas 
that a boy climbed a corn stalk to see 
how the corn was getting along, and now 
the stalk is growing up faster than the boy 
can climb down. The boy is plumb out 
of sight. Three men have undertaken to 
cut down the stalk with axes and save the 
boy from starvation. It grows so fast that 
they can't hack twice in the same place. 
The poor boy is living on nothing but 
raw corn and has already thrown down 
four bushels of cobs. Next! — Exchange. 



9 



10 



BELL * TELEPHON E * N EW J 



Signal Service Enlists John J. Carty 

Engineer Who Proved the Practicability of the Telephone for Transcontinental Use Is Now Colonel Carty, 
U. S. A., and Planning New Methods of Quick Communication for Our Forces. 



Those who are doing and will do things 
in these momentous times are not alone 
the ones who are training to enter the 
trenches and battle with the foe. Behind 
the scenes are many silent and tireless 
workers planning and perfecting countless 
tasks that must be accomplished in order 
that America may throw her full military 
and economic strength into the world-wide 
conflict. Most of them will never see the 
enemy, and their praises will be unsung, 
perhaps, but when victory finally perches 
on our arms and the history of the great 
war is written, we shall realize some of 
the stupendous tasks accomplished by these 
true soldiers. 

Enter John J. Carty, master of the wires, 
the man to whom Washington turned 
when it realized the imperative necessity 
of immediately marshaling our forces of 
instant and sure communication. 

Under the above heading, the New York 
Times Annalist for September 3d prints 
the following about the world's foremost 
engineer : 

"The crowning achievement in forty 
years of intensive development of teleph- 
ony was signalized on January 25, 1915, 
when Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of 
the telephone, picked up a transmitter in 
New York City to say to Thomas A. Wat- 
son, seated at a desk in San Francisco, 
'Come here. I want you,' and • Mr. Wat- 
son, the inventor's assistant in 1876, replied 
with words that came so quickly after the 
speech of Dr. Bell as to leave no measur- 
able lapse of -time. On that day there was 
formally commemorated the linking of the 
Atlantic and Pacific coasts by telephone 
wires. 

"It was an accomplishment that had 
been wrought as the final result of efforts 
of ten thousand engineers and linemen 
who had made it possible to send the 
human voice flying across the continent 
at a speed of 56,000 miles per second. 

"At the end of the table at which Dr. 
Bell was seated a little man with a black 
mustache looked the least interested of 
all the spectators of that momentous test. 
He was John Joseph Carty, and he was 
less excited than the others because he had 
linked New York with San Francisco and 
knew that when Dr. Bell spoke into the 
transmitter the words would be heard as 
distinctly by Mr. Watson, 3,400 miles 
away, as though the two men sat on the 
opposite sides of the same table. 

"John J. Carty is more than the chief 
engineer of the American Telephone and 
Telegraph Company. He is acknowledged 
by scientists the world's foremost engineer. 
Guided and stimulated by Theodore N. 
Vail, he has done more to further the 
growth of the telephone than any other 



man. It was Carty who designed and built 
the first multiple switchboard of the type 
now universally used. It was Carty who 
discovered that a metallic circuit would do 
away with the myriad noises which made 
conversation over the ground circuit at 




COLONEL JOHN' J. CARTY. 
This picture was taken when Colonel Carty 
was a Major. 



best a difficult matter. It was Carty who 
invented the bridging bell, which, by mak- 
ing it possible to operate any number of 
instruments connected with a single wire, 
put the telephone for the first time into 
thousands of homes of farmers and others 
who could not afford the expense of a pri- 
vate installation. 

"It is Carty now — Major Carty of the 
U. S. A. — who is marshaling and direct- 
ing the best engineering talent of the 
country to further the defeat of the Huns. 
In the midst of the bedlam that broke out 
at Washington following the declaration 
of war by the United States, when the 
real extent of our unpreparedness was 
suddenly discovered, it occurred to the 
War Department that one of the most im- 
portant tasks to be performed on the bat- 
tlefields, as well as at home, was the estab- 
lishment of means of instant and sure, 
communication. The chief engineer of 
the American Telephone and Telegraph 
System was summoned post haste by the 
chief of the signal service, to be put into 
a major's uniform and made consulting 
engineer in the vast task that confronted 
that perplexed individual. 

"But if other departments were woefully 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



unprepared, the signal service was not, 
for in expectation of just such a call 
Carty had for months been quietly per- 
fecting an organization to carry on the 
work which he saw was to be done if this 
nation became involved in war. During 
those months he had picked the best men 
throughout the nation whose services he 
could count upon. Within a short time 
after his selection he supplied five bat- 
talions of telephone engineers whom he 
had recruited to meet the crisis that had 
come to pass. 

"Carty's work in the war is not likely 
to be spectacular. He may never see a 
battle, and almost certainly will never 
read his name in dispatches announcing 
the winning of great victories. Neverthe- 
less, his work will count in every success 
that the army and navy achieve ; it is 
counting today, and has since the dec- 
laration of war, for the work of the signal 
service is by no means confined to the 
theatre of war. It is being performed at 
this minute over millions of miles of wire 
which connect Washington with every 
point in the United States where people 
congregate. 

"The job delegated to Carty when the 
troops were recalled from Mexico and 
when officials in Washington were work- 
ing day and night to get supplies, arrange 
for transportation and the building of can- 
tonments, was in itself no small thing. In 
marshaling its forces the Government has 
had to be heedless of expense in the 
transmission of orders. Where the postal 
service would ordinarily have been used 
to carry instructions, the telephone has 
been substituted as the great time saver. 
Before the first of the vanguard of militia 
reached their camps the telephone engi- 
neers had strung their wires and erected 
the familiar booths. The first sight that 
greeted the army surveyors was the Bell 
sign at the side of a telephone station. 

"Carty is known as the man who gets 
things done. A few days ago a confer- 
ence was called in Washington for the pur- 
pose of discussing a thousand and one 
details which had arisen in connection 
with the problem of establishing field tele- 
phones and telegraph with the landing of 
American forces in France. For several 
hours telephone engineers, officers of the 
signal service, and representatives of the 
War Department sat around, talking of 
the multitude of problems that had to be 
solved. At the end 'of the day, a Friday, 
Major Carty called his own men around 
him. 

" 'We shall go out on the night train,' 
he said, 'and tomorrow at noon we will 
hold a little war council in my office in 
New York. The next day is Sunday, and 



BELL TELEPHONE • NEWJ 



11 



we can continue our house party until we 
have cleaned everything up.' 

"The house party was held as it had 
been planned. Every problem that had 
been raised at Washington was discussed 
in its essentials, and a few notes made. 
At the end of the day Major Carty em- 
bodied all the decisions in a brief but com- 
plete report. 

"Carty is just fifteen years older than 
the telephone. But his business experience 
coincides almost exactly with the period 
of development, for he has been thirty- 
seven years in active touch with the tele- 
phone and its countless problems. In that 
time he has taken out twenty-five patents, 
although he long ago ceased to be an in- 
ventor and has since been more of a con- 
sulting engineer. 

"He started with a serious handicap, 
for he had just prepared himself for col- 
lege when trouble with his eyes made it 
necessary to terminate his studies. At the 
age of eighteen he took his first position as 
an errand boy in a store handling scientific 
apparatus. There he learned to mix bat- 
tery solutions, and at the end of a year 
obtained a position as a telephone oper- 
ator at $5 a week. From that start he has 
risen to the highest technical position at 
the head of an army of 170,000 employes. 

"In his rise he has selected and trained 
a large staff of young men, many of them 
taken from colleges, until today the Bell 
system has the finest engineering staff of 
any industry in the country. His crown- 
ing performance was the completion of 
the coast-to-coast circuit. 

"The telephone company alone had the 
delicate instruments, the wires to connect 
them, and the men to make them service- 
able when the war focused attention upon 
the immediate need of facilities for in- 
stantaneous communication between the 
men in the trenches and the staff head- 
quarters and between staff headquarters 
and the War Department. It was fortu- 
nate for the country that there was a 
Carty to marshal these forces and put 
them to work." 

Note. — Since the above article was writ- 
ten President Wilson has further recog- 
nized the services of Major Carty by pro- 
moting him to the rank of colonel. 



Telephone and Democracy 

By J. D. Ellsworth in Public Service. 

The world owes America more for the 
telephone probably than for any other 
recently discovered art. The telephone 
carries today the languages of all people. 
That fact needs no demonstration now. 

San Francisco has long had a Chinese 
telephone exchange, and other cities have 
had operators who could speak French, 
German, Spanish, or Italian for the ben- 
efit of foreign-speaking subscribers. 

Yet it seems to me that in America the 
use of the telephone for foreign language 
is a temporary expedient. To the extent 
that we in the United States have one 



language common to us all, to that extent 
are we fulfilling our destiny as a united 
people. 

The telephone can be of greatest value 
to a nation which speaks one common 
language. Since the Bell system has 
stretched its lines from ocean to ocean, 
carrying the spoken word from New York 
to San Francisco, it has become possible 
for any citizen to be connected with any 
other citizen, regardless of locality or dis- 
tance. But the connection is useless if the 
persons at the two ends of the line do not 
speak the same language. 



The Will to Serve 

By Thomas Addison, of the 
Vigilantes. 

Not every man may carry a gun, 
Else I would be carrying one ; 
Yet, please God, for the Flag of the 
Free 

I will do my best as it comes to me. 
And whether with hand, or voice of 
cheer, 

Whether it costs me little or dear, 
Whatever the task, may it only be 
Within the strength that is given me. 

Not every man may carry a gun, 
But for those who stay there is 

wOrk to be done. 
God help me find to my hand some 

deed 

That I may do for my country's 
need. 

If only to wield a spade or a hoe, 
To smooth the way of those who go. 
For whether we go, or whether we 
stay, 

It's the will to serve that shall win 
the day. 

— Wells Fargo Messenger. 



However great a linguist the telephone 
may be, it can never be an interpreter. 
English cannot be spoken into the trans- 
mitter and come out Greek at the receiver. 
The nation-wide telephone system will lose 
some of its efficiency if there are spots in 
our land where the wires go but where our 
words cannot be understood. 

So it seems to me that the greatest 
usefulness of the telephone will not be 
in carrying messages in foreign tongues, 
but in offering such perfect service that it 
will hasten the country-wide use of our na- 
tional language, helping us to become a 
still more united people, strong in defense 
and prosperous in peace. 



Careful, Boys 

The Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad 
has issued orders to all trainmen to use 
only "nice" language over the telephone, 
as eighteen student railroad women are 
"listening in" as part of their training. 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



Some Emergencies 

By Lawton McCall in Judge. 

The telephone company, in its admir- 
able campaign for simplifying life, has re- 
cently devised a system of emergency 
calls whereby it is no longer necessary to 
give a number. All one has to do in case 
of a conflagration, for example, is to re- 
mark : "I want to report a fire." Any one 
urgently desiring an officer of the law has 
only to say : "I want a policeman" — and 
presto! the bluecoat appears. And if one 
has had the worst of an encounter with 
the cook, he has but to rnoan : "I want 
an ambulance." 

But here the system, excellent as it is,, 
stops short. This seems to me a pity. I 
do hope that the benevolent telephone com- 
pany will some day put in an extension to 
cover still other emergencies of life. 

For example, when somebody with an 
overflowing ego takes up a seemingly all- 
night abode in my living room, I'd like to 
be able to go to the telephone and call : 
"Hello ! I want an assassin." 

When my landlord and grocer and baker 
become unduly obtrusive, it would be ever 
so handy if I could call : "Hello ! I want 
to report an insolvency. Please send a 
bullion wagon." 

And when the dreariness of solitary ex- 
istence reaches a climax, it would be a 
decided convenience to be able to call : 
"Hello ! I want a wife." Fancy the pleas- 
urable thrill of waiting while this call was 
being answered ! The operator at "Cen- 
tral" would ring up "Information" to find 
out what were my amatory preferences as 
stated on the back of my contract, and 
she would be told that I had stipulated 
"blue eyes, auburn hair, medium plump- 
ness," etc. Then she would consult the 
file of female applicants for wedding serv- 
ice. In an almost incredibly short time 
an emergency limousine would draw up at 
my door and out would step a bride. If, 
by chance, I should find that "Central" 
had made a mistake, I should only have 
to say: "Pardon me, but this is the wrong 
number." Otherwise it would be : "Oh, 
so it's YOU ! I've been trying to get you 
for a perfect age !" 

And the next time any one attempted 
to ring me up, the report would probably 
be: "Busy — don't answer." 



The Itinerant Depot 

An operator in the exchange at Coffey- 
ville, Kansas, has been educated to ex- 
pect all sorts of demands from the sub- 
scribers who seek information. But she 
was astounded the other day when one 
of her flock said : 

"Tell me the telephone number of the 
Missouri Pacific depot that goes to Den- 
ver." 

• If anybody, in his summer travels, en- 
counters a runaway depot, he will know 
that it belongs to Coffeyville and is mere- 
ly out for a constitutional gallop. 



12 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



CHICAGO TELEPHONE COMPANY 
WISCONSIN TELEPHONE COMPANY 
THE CLEVELAND TELEPHONE COMPANY 
MICHIGAN STATE TELEPHONE COMPANY 



SECOND LIBERTY LOAN 

Chicago, October 2, 1917. 

To Employes: 

We are in a great world war, that must be won as the price of peace, and every American must do 
his or her part towards success. 

The cost of the war to the United States is now about One Billion Dollars per month ; Thirty-three 
Million Dollars per day ; One Million Three Hundred Thousand Dollars per hour. 

The yearly savings of the United States are about Four Billion Dollars. We must now produce 
more and consume less, so as to have more for war purposes. Patriotism and economy now have much 
the same meaning. 

The Bell System all over the country is doing a great deal of fundamental sustaining work through 
service furnished the Government in connection with mobilizing the army and naval forces, and for other 
special work in co-ordinating the many supply units necessary in the mighty task in which the country has 
enlisted. In addition to this service furnished by the System, we must contribute of our means as indi- 
viduals by buying Liberty Bonds. 

This group of Bell Telephone Companies now has about one thousand men serving under the colors. 
We must not fail in our duty to these boys at the front, and the best way to do our part is through the 
purchase of Liberty Bonds. 

Employes of the Central Group were liberal subscribers to the first issue of Liberty Bonds. A second 
offering of Liberty Bonds is announced by the Treasury Department, and employes can obtain these bonds 
through their Company on installment payments, which are substantially the same as the terms under 
which the first issue of Liberty Bonds were offered. 

For each $50 bond subscribed for under this plan the Company, on order, will deduct from the em- 
ploye's pay as follows : 

(1) Where the employe is paid weekly, $1.00 each week for fifty successive weeks, beginning with 
the week ending November 17, 1917. 

(2) Where the employe is paid monthly, $5.00 each month for the months of November, 1917, and 
October, 1918, and $4.00 each intervening month. For semi-monthly paid employes deductions will be for 
one-half of the amounts shown in the case of monthly paid employes. The Company will retain the inter- 
est to be collected from the Government on each bond for the six months ending May 15, 1918, and will 
deliver the bonds to the employe on completion of the installment payments. When delivered, each bond 
will have attached thereto the coupon for six months' interest due November 15, 1918, and all subsequent 
coupons. The interest represented by the November, 1918, coupon will substantially represent 4 per cent 
interest on each installment from date of payment. 

Any employe may subscribe on this basis for Bonds in any amount in multiples of $50, but not ex- 
ceeding in the aggregate the amount of his annual pay. Bonds may be taken up by the employe at any 
time upon payment of all installments then unpaid and upon making the proper interest adjustments. In 
the case of any employe who leaves the service of the Company, or dies, or fails for any reason to pay any 
installments when due, the Company shall sell at the then prevailing market price the Bond or Bonds for 
which the employe has subscribed, and shall pay over to him, or, in the case of his death, to his legal repre- 
sentatives, the balance remaining after deducting from the amount received from the sale the full amount 
of the unpaid installments. 

Subscriptions under this installment method may be made only on Form S. N. 419-A. 

All subscriptions made by employes through their Company will be credited to the state in which 
the subscription is made. Employes desiring to pay cash for bonds may do so. In this case the wording of 
the fifth line of Form S. N. 419-A "hereby directs that deductions be made by said company from his pay" 
should be ruled out and the following inserted in ink: "hereby agrees to pay in full for said bonds to said 
company upon presentation of bill for the face amount." 

The first Liberty Bonds, which bear interest at the rate of 3}4 per cent per annum, can be exchanged 
for second Liberty Bonds, which bear interest at the rate of 4 per cent per anumn. The time for this 
exchange has not yet been announced, but due notice of the exchange period will be given by the U. S. 
Treasury Department. 

October 27th is the last date on which subscription for the second Liberty Bonds can be made. As- 
the time is limited, it is important that Department Heads arrange for subscription blanks, Forms S. N. 
419-A, to reach employes promptly, also for subscriptions to be expedited, and the completed forms for- 
warded through the regular organization channels in time to reach the Treasurer not later than the date 
named. 

Very respectfully. 

B. E. SUNNY. 

President. 




BELI/TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



13 



Back America's Bullets with 
Liberty Bonds 



Every man, woman or child in America 
has directly or indirectly, a vital interest 
in the new national army of the United 
States. They want to see that army win, 
and they want it to become the greatest 
army in the world. 

Upon the attainment of these things 
rests the security of the entire nation. 
Upon the national army Uncle Sam is 
banking all that he has. If it should lose, 
then all will be lost. If it wins — and it must 
win — then will the world be safe for civ- 
ilized man. 

Without money, the 
army cannot win. 
Without Liberty Bonds, 
there can be no money. 
And unless the Liberty 
Loan succeeds, Amer- 
ica will have lost the 
war before having 
fired a shot from her 
guns. 

Success for the sec- 
ond Liberty Loan is 
just as necessary as 
was the success of the 
first one. And every 
person who subscribes 
to that loan will be 
contributing, not only 
to his or her own ma- 
terial welfare, but to 
the welfare of the 
army. 

Here are some of 
the ways in which the 
bond-buyers' money 
will be spent: 

First: The teaching 
or training of 27,000 
officers in the first officers' 
having been impartially seh 

A splendid lot of sane, co 
men are these officers— ev< 
critics of army system and a 
agree that the officers h; 
earnestly trained and hav 
with the most fearlessly si 
pick impartially only the be 

Second : The building o 
cantonments with every vi 
sanitation, health and hygie 

This making of big cities 
men eachr, is it not notewort 
see one of them! There a 
cities — rising out of the s 
40,000 require generations t 
cities have sprung up in a few weeks. At 
one fort, a standard barrack 34 by 1 10 feet, 
two stories high, was erected in one and 
one-half hours. Another barrack was com- 
pleted from pine wood which a week be- 
fore had been in the form of trees stand- 
in? 500 miles away in a pine forest. 

To build the sixteen cantonments havirK 



16,000 buildings, 190 mills in all parts of 
the country shipped within sixty days 500,- 
000,000 feet of Jumber, requiring 24,000 
freight cars, all in two months. A side- 
walk made of this lumber would reach four 
times around the earth. Roofing tacks 
alone were shipped by the carload. 

Three million square feet of screen to 
keep out the flies and other insects were 
used. In one cantonment alone sixty miles 
of road was built. One auditorium was 
built to hold 3,500 men. Water, light and 
power plants were built. The total expense 
in a few weeks was $150,000,000 — more 
than was spent on the Panama canal in 
three years. 

Everything in the camps is so clean, 
refuse burned daily, quarters immaculate. 



Food Pledge Week 

Begins 

October 28th. 
Sign Up. 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



the same as three dollars a day or twenty- 
one dollars a week for a family of six. 
Any woman with a family of six can feed 
them well if she has twenty-one dollars 
weekly for food alone. In a company of 
250 men, this allowance goes much further 
than in a family of six. 

The army's quartermaster department for 
supplies, clothing, buildings and transpor- 
tation is to spend three and one-half bill- 
ions. The war department plans three and 
one-half billions more for ordnance, am- 
munition, field and coast artillery, and so on. 
Forty-five million has been allowed for 
war-risk insurance. For aviation, we 
have had an appropria- 
tion of $640,000,000, 
and we have already 
ten aviation fields and 
eight ground schools, 
a ground school teach- 
ing the workings of 
aviation preliminary to 
flying. An aviation field 
contains about two 
square miles, the camp 
two more. A $1,000,- 
000 aircraft factory is 
building at one place 
alone. 

The greatest aircraft 
engine in the world, 
making possible the 
production of airplanes 
by the thousands while 
Europe has counted by 
the hundreds, has just 
been developed. 

From being com- 
pletely outclassed by 
Europe in the air, we, 
the inventors and pio- 
neers in aviation, give 
icipate on a mammoth scale 
f the skies. 

nployes did in the first Lib- 
i typical American perform- 
•scriptions were not large, 
imount taken being sev- 
d the total of three and one- 
as distributed amongst fifty 
and women of our organ- 
uch distribution that marks 
sentiment, each contributing 
:e ; no hanging back because 
much, but each coming for- 
; what he can. That is what 
le front is doing. He does 
:k the Kaiser single handed 
to stand shoulder to shoul- 
der with millions of patriots, each with his 
job to do, and the unflinching resolution to 
do that job with the best there is in him. 

So let it be with us who are behind the 
line, as regards this second Liberty Loan. 
Let each take hold and do his part, realiz- 
ing that his subscription may be the one 
that will win the war. 




A LITTLE CHINESE GIRL WHO IS FOR UNCLE SAM. 
Oscar Halberg, one of the solicitors loaned the committee by the Chicago 
Telephone Company, is obtaining her subscription for a Liberty Bond. 



camp, the best 
:cted. 

urageods young 
:n the severest 
rmy psychology 
ive been most 
e been chosen 
ncere effort to 
st men. 

r large cities as 
ew of modern 
ne. 

of about 40,000 
hy? You should 
re sixteen such 
oil. Towns of 
o grow. These 



At those training camps last spring sick- 
ness was down to less than one-half of 
one per cent. These figures prove that a 
man was surer to be in good health in an 
army camp than among his friends in the 
city or on the farm. Never before in his- 
tory have such efforts been made for the 
bodily care of soldiers. 

Besides large quarters of clean iron beds, 
trained cooks everywhere, and sanitation 
perfect, there are extra comforts, amuse- 
ments, libraries, religious centers, rest 
rooms for meeting mothers, sisters and 
sweethearts, movie theatres and other at- 
tractions to make the men feel "at home. ' 

The food allowance is about forty-eight 
cents — nearly fifty cents a day. That is 



promise to part 
in the battles o 
What Bell en 
erty Loan was ; 
ance. The sut 
the average ; 
enty dollars, an 
half millions w 
thousand men 
ization. It is s 
truly patriotic : 
his and her mil 
one cannot do 
ward and doing 
every boy at tl 
not go in to li< 
— he does go in 



14 



BELL TELEPHONE 'NEW J 



Central Group Officers Bid Goodbye to Boys of Eleventh 

Battalion 

"Good Luck and God Speed" Is Message of Employers to Brave Bell Men in Camp at Little Silver, N. J. 



Rows of sturdy, stalwart, young men 
clad in the khaki of Uncle Sam with 
strong, manly faces tanned by exposure, 
happy and smiling, but nevertheless show- 
ing a grim determination and a knowl- 
edge of the task before them, the task of 
doing their part in the great struggle for 
democracy. Young men who but a few 
short weeks ago were accountants, clerks, 
linemen, engineers, etc., engaged in the 
business of rendering telephone service, 
but now engaged in the serious business 
of war. These were the men of the Re- 
serve Signal Corps who listened to the 
words of President B. E. Sunny and 
other officials of the Central Group of 
telephone companies on Friday, Septem- 
ber 21st at Camp Alfred Vail, historic old 
Monmouth Park, New Jersey. 

For President Sunny and the others had 
come hundreds of miles "to see the boys," 
bringing with them the greetings of their 
fellow employes of the Central Group who 
follow their activities with the keenest in- 
terest, and pride that they have been and 
will be associated again with these men 
who answered their country's call. 

President Sunny, Vice-president H. F. 
Hill and Chief Engineer W. R. McGov- 
ern, of the Central Group, General Man- 
ager W. R. Abbott, of the Chicago Tele- 
phone Company, General Manager Allard 
Smith of the Cleveland Telephone Com- 
pany, and General Manager George M. 
Welch of the Michigan State Telephone 
Company, made up the party which left 
New York on the morning of September 
21st. The trip had been planned some 
time ago, and it was with a keen feel- 
ing of satisfaction that the visitors real- 
ized that they were at last about to visit 
the Signal Corps— their Signal Corps, for 
this organization is a part of the great 
Bell family. 

On their arrival at the camp they were 
met by Major Russell, commanding the 
Eleventh Telegraph Battalion. Major Rus- 
sell was formerly a consulting engineer in 
Boston, Massachusetts, and was assigned 
to the Eleventh Battalion by the War De- 
partment. He arranged that the vis- 
itors should see everything worth 
while in and about the camp, and there 
were plenty of things worth while seeing, 
for Camp Alfred Vail, which but a few 
weeks ago looked lonely and deserted, 
was now teeming with activity. Rows of 
tents, all kinds of equipment, men busy 
at their allotted tasks, and other scenes 
made the historic old park look as if it 
had taken on a new lease of life, and 
President Sunny and his associates ex- 



pressed again and again to Major Russell 
their admiration and satisfaction at the 
appearance of efficiency and preparedness 
which prevailed everywhere. 

Other officers to greet the visitors were 
Captain Elmore of Company D, Captain 
lirooks of Company E (lately engineer in 
the New York Telephone Company), who 
has succeeded Captain Code, assigned to 
other duties, and Lieutenants Norwood, 
Moran, Borden, Seguin, Cole and Little. 

After inspection, the telephone officials 
were invited to the officers' mess, and 
found that the cooks were also efficient, 
and that they need not worry about their 
boys not getting enough to eat. The com- 
missary is under the efficient care of Lieu- 
tenant Charles Moran, who was trans- 
ferred from Company D to the major's 
staff to handle this important branch of 
the work because of his propensity of get- 
ting "blood out of a turnip." Those in 
charge remember the words of Napoleon 
that "an army marches on its stomach." 
His chums say that Charlie intends to take 
on the Blackstone Hotel as a side line 
when he returns to the Chicago company 
after slipping a pill to Kaiser Bill. 

But the business of eating was one of 
the minor details of the day. President 
Sunny and his party had come to see 
things instead. After lunch, a review of 
the battalion was held for the special bene- 
fit of the telephone visitors, and they were 
given the opportunity of watching the men 
drill. And the drill was a revelation. Men 
whom they had been accustomed to sec 
using the fountain pen, the pencil, the add- 
ing machine, or the lineman's pliers now 
showed what they could do with the im- 
plements of the soldier and his calling. 
Very skillful work in the semaphore, helio- 
graph and tent pitching drills soon con- 
vinced the visitors that the Signal Corps 
was rapidly mastering this important 
branch of modern warfare. And the 
marching — it was an inspiring sight to see 
the soldier telephone boys march past with 
heads erect, shoulder to shoulder, with 
perfect step and looking straight ahead al- 
most as if they could see the enemies' 
line in the distance. Lieutenant Fred 
Norwood, adjutant on the major's staff 
and veteran (this is his third war) acted 
the part and drew particularly (they all 
got it) favorable comment from Lieuten- 
ant Flood — regular army inspector at the 
camp. Captain Vaughn, medical officer, 
pleased the officials by testifying to the 
particular cleanliness and general good 
health of the battalion. 

Shortly after the drill Lieutenant 
Colonel Cowan, who is in command of 



the camp, visited the Eleventh Battalion 
headquarters to pay his respects to the 
visitors and take the opportunity of tell- 
iug them what he thought of the spirit 
and ability of their boys. 

The men then drew up into a square to 
hear the few words of greeting of Presi- 
dent Sunny in a voice which was strong 
and steady, although some might have de- 
tected a slight trace of emotion. He spoke 
as follows to his boys: 

"It is a great satisfaction and gratifica- 
tion to my associates and myself to be 
here and to see you all before you leave 
for France, and we are thrilled with pride 
in your appearance and efficiency in your 
work. 

"You have evidently put into your new 
duties the same energy and spirit that you 
gave to the telephone service, and which 
makes us miss you in the daily routine, 
and also will make us glad to welcome you 
when you come home again. 

"I congratulate you that you are under 
the guidance and direction of skilled and 
experienced officers, whose first care is the 
comfort and safety of their men. Your 
health and welfare are uppermost in their 
minds, and we go back home with the 
conviction that you will be well cared for. 
I can assure them, from my own experi- 
ence, that their interest in and loy- 
alty to you will be reciprocated always 
and generously." 

Mr. Hill, in talking with the boys of 
the Signal Corps, said that his day's ex- 
perience had been a revelation to him and 
that he had scarcely realized what short 
training, properly directed, would do for 
young men. He said that from the deter- 
mined look in the eyes of the men he 
would not care to be the one whom they 
were going up against. He wished them 
God speed and hoped they might all re- 
turn safely, as they were needed in the 
telephone business and that he did not 
know how the business could get along 
without them. 

Mr. McGovern spoke as follows : 

"Major Russell, Fellow Employes, La-, 
dies and Gentlemen : When Mr. Hill 
asked me to assist in organizing two bat- 
talions of Signal Reserve Corps from vol- 
unteers among the employes, I did not 
fully appreciate the work before us. As 
the organization began to take form I 
early realized that this was a real and a 
large undertaking. 

"My experience today, however, has 
shown me to the fullest degree what a 



BELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



15 



grand work you boys have assumed, and 
has made me very proud of my connection 
with your battalion, even though it has 
only been in what might be styled a small 
civilian way. 

"I know that in the great field before 
you you will give as good an account of 
yourselves as you have in the past in our 
business, for I see today that in selecting 
you from many volunteers we have made 
no mistake. 

"In saying good-bye to you for the short 
time you will be away from us, I can voice 
my sentiments no better than to say, GOD 
SPEED you to a safe return. 

"And now I wish you all good luck and 
godspeed.'' 

Mr. McGovern was followed by each of 
the other members of the party in turn, 
all of whom spoke in a way that caused 
the members of the Signal Corps to feel 
that their work and welfare are uppermost 
in the minds of the men under whom they 
worked and will work again. 

It was with regret that President Sunny" 
and his party left for New York at 5:30, 
regret that they could not spend longer 
with the boys, but pride in the work the 
boys had accomplished, and confidence 
that they will bring glory and credit upon 
themselves, upon their families, and upon 
the Bell system when they take their 
places on the battlefields of France. 



he regained his self composure somewhat, 
he began to investigate cautiously and dis- 
covered that the supposed "gun crack" 



Notes from Company D, Fort 
Leavenworth, Kansas 

One of the boys was given a wrist 
watch with a luminous dial, and learned 
the value of a watch of this kind at the 
expense of depriving everyone in his 
tent of a good night's sleep. Along about 
midnight he awakened with a war-whoop 
that would do credit to an Apache. "Hey! 
Hey ! fellows ! Look at this d— thing 
burn !" Before the fellows could see it, 
he was on his way to the water barrel 
to quench "the fire." 

(Of course, this hap- 
pened during the early 
days of the encamp- 
ment before many of 
the fellows were ac- 
quainted with this nov- 
elty.) 

The guard was walk- 
ing his post complain- 
ing of the dreariness 
of a guard's life when 
suddenly a sharp re- 
port caused him to 
crouch behind the hot 
water barrel back of 
the mess kitchen. The 
next instant a similar 
report directly behind 
him caused his hair to 
stand on end. After 
about ten minutes of 
silence during which 




LIEUTENANT HERB AND GENERAL 
AUDITOR GARVET AT FORT 
LEAVENWORTH. 



was nothing but the cracking, because of 
dryness, of the hot water barrel behind 
him. 

It is nothing unusual to hear a half 
dozen men rehearsing commands in their 
sleep. This is not because they are 
dreaming of the future when they may 
become captains and generals, but be- 
cause of intensive training during the day 
when the men hear nothing else. 



A Signal Corps Sunday Dinner 

Under date of September 30th, Sergeant 
Walter A. Haglund of Company D, Sixth 
Telegraph Battalion, Signal Reserve 
Corps, Fort Leavenworth, Kan., wrote an 



interesting letter to Publicity Manager 
Clifford Arrick. He enclosed several pic- 
tures, among them the accompanying one 
of the mess line in which General Audi- 
tor Benjamin S. Garvey appears while 
visiting the boys. 

Most of the letters received from the 
boys in the battalion have mentioned the 
fact that they were well fed. Sergeant 
Haglund includes in his letter a Sunday 
dinner menu, which seems to be ample 
proof. Here it is; judge for yourself: 

Soup, fried chicken, mashed potatoes, 
sweet potatoes, green corn, rice custard 
pudding, cocoanut pudding, apple pie a la 
mode, fresh peaches, lemonade. 



Company D. Honors Departing 
Friends 

It was with a feeling of sadness that the 
boys of Company D, Sixth Telegraph Bat- 
talion, Reserve Signal Corps, bade fare- 
well to Mrs. E. G. Carter, president, and 
Mrs. J. B. Pitts, treasurer, of the com- 
pany's auxiliary, who visited them at Fort 
Leavenworth, Kan., during September. 
Mrs. Carter is the mother of Captain Le 
Roy B. Boylan of the company. 

The kindly, motherly ways and keen in- 
terest of these women in the welfare of 
the boys had won their hearts, and they 
are sure that the auxiliary will leave no 
stone unturned that can contribute to- 
ward their comfort and happiness. 

It was decided to allow the men to vol- 
unteer to march as an escort of honor to 
the railroad station when Mrs. Carter and 
Mrs. Pitts left. Needless to say, every 
man was in line, and after good-byes had 
been said, the men formed a double line 
from the station to the car steps through 
which their two departing friends passed. 



Signals from Little" Silver 




GENERAL AUDITOR GARVEY IN THE BREAD LINE. 



Emil Krafft, a member of Company E, 
Eleventh Telegraph Battalion, Signal Re- 
serve Corps, thinks 
Uncle Sam keeps the 
boys hustling more 
than the telephone 
company did. In a 
letter to a fellow em- 
ploye in the Chicago 
Telephone Company, 
he writes : 

"Well, Monty, they 
c e r ta i n 1 y keep us 
hustling more here than 
while we were with 
the telephone company, 
but the boys don't 
mind it so much now, 
as they seem to be ac- 
customed to it. 

"We get up at 5 a. 
m. and keep busy un- 
til 5 p. m. There are 
setting - up exercises 



16 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



« 






COMPANY E, ELEVENTH TELEGRAPH BA* l>. 



from 5:25 to 5:45, breakfast from 
6 to 6:45, infantry drill from 7 to 9, and 
telephone and telegraph construction for 
about two and one-half hours. We then 
have lunch from 12 to 1 :30. The next 
thing is signal practice in pitching up 
tents. This completes the day. At 6 we 
have supper, and then, as a rule, are at 
leasure, which permits us to go to Red 
Bank or Long Branch. These are two 
pretty good towns. Long Branch is a 
very lively place in suummer, as it is a 
coast town. Red Bank is a good town 
in the fall and winter, as it is inland. 

"We are usually off every Saturday aft- 
ernoon and evening and every Sunday. 
We have what is called a free pass, 
which is the most liberal one given in the 
army, allowing us to leave camp without 
a pass until 11 p. m. It is not granted 
to all camps, as it gives the real soldier 
too much privilege. 

"Give all the boys my best regards and 
tell them I will see them again some time. 

"Monty, I certainly thank you for your 
kind offer and please do not forget that 
I miss my good old pal as much as he 
misses me. Your friend, 

"Emil Krafft." 



Another Letter from Company E 

This letter is from Sergeant E. N. Thil- 
mont, correspondent of Company E, 
Eleventh Telegraph Battalion, Camp Alfred 
Vail, Little Silver, N. J., and dated Sept. 
20th. The last paragraph expresses in a 
nutshell the spirit of the Bell Telephone 
boys : 

"We are blessed with oceans of rain 
this month, occasionally on Saturday or 
Sunday. However, it served its purpose, 
for many had little money until pay day, 
September 12th. If it hadn't rained, we 
would have been in the hands of the re- 
ceivers. 

"Equipment has been issued to all for 
foreign service, and we are well provided 
for, as nothing apparently that makes for 
our health and comfort has been over- 
looked. Comfort kits and sweaters were 
given to us by the ladies of the Rumson 
Road Club. 

"We made an excellent showing at pistol 
practice and will say that the bull's eye 
suffered the most. Woe to the Germans. 

"We have had several interesting long 
hikes. The most important one was held 
on September 6th, when upon arriving at 
our destination, we found ourselves at the 
beautiful Pullman summer home near As- 



bury Park, N. J. We were served with 
delicious coffee and cookies, also fourteen 
karat cigarettes, 'Pall Mall.' 

"Upon returning we passed by Presi- 
dent Wilson's summer home, 'Shadow 
Lawn,' which for appearance certainly de- 
serves the name. 

"On the thirteenth we had an over night 
hike and our first experience in pitching 
dog tents. 

"President Sunny and his party favored 
us with a visit on the twenty-first. They 
were escorted through the camp by Ma- 
jor Russell, and, after mess with the of- 
ficers, a revue was held on the drill 
grounds. After the photographer had 
completed his work, a few impressive 
speeches were made by the spectators. 

"At quarters we had good cause for ex- 
ultation and rejoicing when President Sun- 
ny donated $1,000 towards our company 
fund, and, as the psychological moment 
provided the excuse for three rousing 
cheers. President Sunny's name was 
echoed through the Jersey hills propelled 
by 100 lung power and all hitting on high. 

"°ur boys under the leadership of 
Serjeant Phil Stockhausen, who is cap- 
tain of the football team, gathered in some 
more laurels by defeating Company D by 





COMPANY D, ELEVKNT 
(Because of the length of this pictu 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



17 




the score of 32 to 6. Many snappy plays 
were executed in a successful manner. Our 
jass band was one of the features and hits 
of the afternoon and escorted the company 
to and from the field. The band played 
a few selections between rests, and also 
entertained with a few tricks and comics. 

"Exceptionally pleased were Major Rus- 
sell and his staff with the brand of foot- 
ball and the sterling entertainment which 
afforded great pleasure to the 1,000 spec- 
tators. 

"In conclusion, you can be sure of one 
thing from us boys, and that is that we 
are going to do our duty and do it man- 
fully in a manner characteristic of Bell 
Telephone men. 

"So goodbye, 

"Sergeant E. N. Thtlmont." 

( Signed) 



Plenty of Work for the Signal 
Corps 

According to John Robertson of the 
fourth city ledger section, accounting de- 
partment, who is now with the Signal 
Corps, the life of a man in this branch 
of the service may be summed up in one 
word — work. 



Under date of September 11th he re- 
sponded to letters sent him by several of 
his fellow employes at once, and his let- 
ter was read with great interest by a 
number of accounting department officials. 

Mr. Robertson's letter follows : 
"Messrs. Wendorf, Andresen, Roissy, 
Holly, Dobroth, Jaquith, Wedekind, Da- 
vis and other dear friends of the fourth 
section. 

"My Dear Friends : Received your 
package of notes and was very glad to 
hear from all of you. It certainly is very 
fine of all of you to remember me. I 
wish I had the time to write to each one 
of you. You would be surprised at all 
the work there is to being a soldier. 

"We are up in the morning at 5:15 and 
have setting-up exercises until 5 :45, 
breakfast at 6, assemble for drill at 6 :45, 
drill until 8:30; one-half hour rest; drill 
until 10:30, and a fifteen-minute rest, and 
then another drill until 11:30. Off for 
the rest of the morning. Mess at noon. 
The afternoon is taken up with con- 
struction work of telephone and telegraph 
lines. 

"The work here is very interesting. The 
only drawback is that they are working 
us very hard, trying to teach us a six- 



months course in a little over three weeks. 

"That sounds like bunk, but it is the 
truth nevertheless. When I tell you that 
to date we have had drills in wig-wag 
signaling (using one flag), after first 
learning the Continental telegraph code; 
semaphore signaling, using two flags; he- 
liograph signaling, using mirrors; tele- 
graph code and the sun ; and all sorts of 
dismounted infantry drills, to say noth- 
ing about lectures on first aid, camp san- 
itation, personal hygiene and having to 
memorize general orders for guards, 
you will get an idea of what we have had 
so far. 

"A section of signal corps men with 
three motor trucks and four motorcycles 
is supposed to be able to string twenty 
miles of wire a day. Lines set up in 
this manner are supposed to stay up for 
six months. 

"This is no place for a fellow looking 
for a vacation. I found that out after I 
had been here about two days. 

"I am feeling fine though. None the 
worse for a little hard work. You fel- 
lows don't know what a cinch you have 
getting a balance. Eight hours a day 
work for you. Uncle Sam's day consists 
of twenty-four hours if he needs you. 




18 



BELL * TELE PHON E * N EW J 




A FEW SNAPSHOTS OF BELL, TELEPHONE BOYS IN CAMF 

Top row, left to right — Company E, 11th Telephone Battalion, in line for mess. Fred P. Thomas (right), formerly chief installer a' 
the AppleLon, Wis., Exchange, now cook in Company E, 6th Telegraph Battalion, Fort Leavenworth, Kan. Supply Sergeant Elmer 
Thilmont, Company E, 11th Telegraph Battalion. Sergeant-Major Stuart G. Mcintosh, Headquarters 11th Battalion (inside car). Ser-I 
geant P. Stockhausen, Jr., Company E, 11th Battalion (driving motorcycle). 

Middle row, left to right — Privates Francis, Cline and Freeman. Sergeant John Doyle, chief mechanic, Company E, 11th Telegraph 
Battalion. Louis P. Helmreich — "It's a great life if you don't weaken! Regards to the Auditing Department." Company Clerk Corporal 
Charles J. Minich, Company E, 11th Telegraph Battalion. 

Hot lorn row, loll to right — First Sergeant Felix Lassa, formerly nickel collector in the Milwaukee Exchange, now in 5th Wisconsin 
Infantry, W. N. G., at. Camp McArthur, Waco, Tex. George E. Rice, Company D, 6th Telegraph Battalion, Fort Leavenworth, Kan. Ser- 
geant 1 l ii I Class) Albert Rush, Company E, 11th Telegraph Battalion. | i I »' 3 



BfLLTELEPrtONE'NEWJ 



19 



Just now he is at war, and none of his 
help are getting much sleep. 

"The rirst thing the major here told us 
was that when in active service the signal 
corps never sleeps. Something to do all 
the time. According to that it will be 
worse instead of better after we are suf- 
ficiently trained to be considered real sig- 
nal corps men. 

"We are getting our equipment very 
fast now. I don't think we will be here 
very much longer. We have our guns 
(forty-five caliber Colt automatics) and 
holsters. Last week we had our first tar- 
get practice. Made a 45 score out of a 
possible 70. Would not kill many Ger- 
mans at that rate. I will learn to shoot 
better than that very soon, though. 

"We have with us in this outfit, Philip 
Stockhausen, who played with the suburb- 
an commercial team, also Walter Penfold, 
who played ball and bowled with the 
construction team. Don't get much 
chance to play ball in this camp. 

"I will have to cut this short now, 
wishing you all the best of luck with 
your balances and hoping that none of 
you will ever have to join the army. Also 
want to thank you all again for remem- 
bering me. 

"I am your sincere friend and fellow- 
worker, JOHN ROBERTSON." 



Another Letter from the Signal 
Corps 

Michigan boys with the Signal Corps 
at Little Silver, New Jersey, are faring 
well and enjoying army life, according 
to word received from Robert Coyle, for- 
merly of the Detroit commercial depart- 
ment. 

Writing under date of Saturday, Sep- 
tember loth, Mr. Coyle says he had made 
arrangements to get leave over Sunday, 
but all passes were rescinded, and no 
one has been allowed out of camp since 
the previous Friday morning, as word is 
likely to come at any minute to prepare 
for the trip across the ocean. 

"Since we have been here, the time has 
certainly slipped away fast," he writes. 
"I have been transferred from Company 
D of the Eleventh Battalion to ' head- 
quarters of the same battalion. I have 
not had to attend drills, so had it pretty 
easy. Was in on two hikes. The first 
was eleven and one-half miles. We went 
to the home of Mrs. Pullman, widow of 
the man for whom the Pullman cars are 
named, where we were served coffee and 
cakes and cigarettes by the daughters of 
Governor Lowden, of Illinois. On the way 
back, we passed Shadow Lawn, the 'Sum- 
mer White House' — some pretty place. 

"The second hike was camp over night. 
The distance was about fourteen miles. 
We went fully equipped. I did not have 
to carry my pack on account of being 
attached to headquarters. All I carried 
was my gun and canteen. We had a 
great time, but the ground was rather 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



hard to sleep on. I think there is a 
hole where I placed my hip. 

"We were all furnished comfort kits by 
a club of rich women around here. They 
contained powder, wash cloth, tooth 
brush and paste, two spools of thread and 
two needles, pencil and paper and a few 
other little things. They will sure be 
mighty handy. I also understand we are 
to be furnished with sleeveless knitted 
sweaters by the Red Cross. Some of 
them have already arrived. One of the 
Detroit boys received a comfort kit bear- 
ing the name of Mrs. Woodrow Wilson 
as the donor. 

"This is sure a dandy bunch of fellows 
in our battalion. We have a branch of the 
Y. M. C. A. here. The office is in a tent. 
They hold religious services twice Sun- 
days and through the week there is some- 
thing doing all the time. There is a piano, 
reading matter and writing materials in 
the tent which may be had for the asking. 



Entertainment for Company E 

Miss Helen Walsh, who is a sister of 
Captain Richard E. Walsh of Company E, 
Sixth Telegraph Battalion, has arranged a 
vaudeville entertainment, to be given on 




CAPTAIN RICHARD E. WALSH. 

the night of October 30th in the audito- 
rium of Our Lady of Sorrows Church on 
Albany avenue. 

Miss Walsh promises that the patrons 
will "get their money's worth." Tickets are 
fifty cents each and the entire proceeds 
are to go to the company fund of Com- 
pany E. This fund is used to purchase 
for the soldiers extra comforts not pro- 
vided by the government. It is hoped 
that a very large number of the friends 
and well-wishers of the battalion will be 
present. 



An Ambulance Driver's Expe- 
riences at the Front 

Humor and pathos are combined in three 
interesting letters written to friends here 
by C. C. Battershell, of the commercial 
engineering department, Chicago Tele- 
phone Company, who enlisted for service 
with, the French ambulance corps when 
the Allied Bazaar was held in Chicago. 

Writing from Paris on August 22d, he 
describes a trip to the front on August 
0th, which he says "had it on anything I 
have ever seen." He was sent to live in 
a town that was being shelled day and 
night, and it was impossible to rest when 
off duty. 

Facing the Gas Fumes 

On the night of August Kith there 
came a hurry call for four cars with in- 
structions to come prepared, as the enemy 
was using gas. Battershell had gone 
about a quarter of a mile along a dark 
road, when he discovered, thanks to an 
assistant's carelessness, he was out of 
gasoline, a most interesting predicament 
with shells landing all around him. At 
last, he managed to borrow some gaso- 
line from another car, and proceeded 
about a half mile, when he smelled gas, 
and with his companions donned masks. 
He found, however, that it was not chlo- 
rine gas, and it took plenty of nerve to 
go into it, for there was no certainty that 
his gas mask was proof against the new 
kind. 

Battershell and his companions drove 
on about another mile, and at times the 
gas was so thick that the motor would 
miss fire as if the carburetor mixture was 
too lean. They found the road blockaded, 
so had to turn back. He then went to 
the base to telephone that the road was 
blockaded and that they would be unable 
to serve the farther posts, but would 
take "blesses" that they could get through 
the blockade by hand. Only a few of the 
posts could be reached by telephone, for 
the shelling was so heavy that even most 
of the protected lines were cut off. 

On going to see how soon the road 
could be cleared, Battershell was stopped 
by a tree blown down across the road, 
and was just getting out to see if there 
was some way to get by when an artillery 
caisson came crashing through, knocked 
him down and jerked the fender of the 
car crosswise in the road. Forgetting for 
a moment, Battershell pulled off his mask, 
getting a few whiffs of gas that at the 
time of writing he says he was still re- 
gretting. He finally managed to get past 
the tree and found the blockade was 
caused by about thirty ammunition cais- 
sons piled up in the road, horses killed 
by gas or shells, and the shells still com- 
ing. 

He went back to camp and with a com- 
panion started out to find a road that 
could be used. "Daybreak," he says, 
"found us up in the woods, and you can't 
imagine such a sight; dead horses, brok- 



20 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



en wagons and trucks 
everywhere, and the 
roads so full of shell 
holes that a fellow 
wonders how he ever 
got the car over them 
in the dark." 
Cigarettes a Consola- 
tion 

Battershell says the 
new gas, besides being 
an asphyxiant, pro- 
duces nausea, the ef- 
fect lasting for sev- 
eral days. Several of 
his companions on the 
eventful trip described 
were too ill to work 
the next morning. He 
says his lungs burqed 
a little, and he has 
been a trifle uncom- 
fortable, but the doc- 
tor "thumped" h i m 
and said he would be 
all right in a few 
days. 

Thanking his friend? 
who sent him ciga^ „ 
ettes, Battershell says the aas does not 
affect a fellow who smok- s nearly as 
badly as one who doesn't. "Besides," he 
writes, "you can't imagine how consoling 
a cigarette is when you can hear those 
shells whistling around." 

At the time of writing this letter, he 
was back on repose, but says that "even 
this is about as restful as sitting on a 
tack, for the Boche aviators are up to their 
old tricks of dropping bombs around ort 
the villages. They take an especial de- 
light, it seems, in bombing hospitals." 

Battershell concludes this letter with a 
postscript as follows: 

"Had a German prisoner in the car the 
other day. If I thought you folks would 
appreciate it, I would cut off an ear or 
something and send it to you for a sou- 
venir." 

English at Lunch; French at Dinner 

He writes again on August 23d, dwell- 
ing on the more pleasant side of his life 
in the ambulance corps. He states that 
at mess three Frenchmen and four 
American boys eat together, and it is very 
interesting because they have a rule that 
only English be spoken at lunch and 
French at dinner. The violation of this 
rule costs the offender one sou, and it is 
surprising how often there are enough 
sous to buy some little treat for the 
table. 

Breakfast consists of black coffee and 
army bread, but one day Battershell "blew 
the crowd" by canvassing the houses in 
the village and securing enough eggs and 
milk for an omelette. 

The day before he wrote this letter, 
some American ladies came by and left 

BUY A LIBERTY BOND 




BATTERSHELL' S CAR AFTER "LOOPING THE LOOP" 



100 small pillows to be used in the cars 
for the wounded! 

Writing of "our French lieutenant 
whose home is in the north of France, a 
territory that is now being held by the 
Germans," he says, "this man's daughter 
was six months old when he was called 
to war, which makes her three and one- 
half years old now. Naturally when he 
was home last, his daughter did not know 
him, insisted on calling him 'Monsieur,' 
and was very angry because her mother 




C. C. BATTERSHELL 



wanted to walk with 
'that man' when they 
went out." 

He concludes this 
letter by more com- 
ments on the new gas 
used by the Germans, 
and states that, al- 
though he wants to 
come home, he is 
afraid that if he does 
he would not be con- 
tented so long as the 
war is still going on. 
.[Some Companions 

In his letter of Au- 
gust 25th, he describes 
several of his com- 
panions. One of them 
is "Doc," a boy of 
only eighteen. " 'Doc' 
has not killed any- 
body to date," Batter- 
fl^HBj sn ell writes. He 

always on the job 
HHHj ready to help 

body and never 
flinches. 
G. is a sort of a 
lazy, fat fellow, whose mother gave a car 
to the service, and thinks that should en- 
title him to a great deal of consideration. 
He is perfectly willing to let others do the 
work, and spends most of his waking- 
hours (they are not so many) eating and 
cooking on a little gas stove. 

"W. was a theological student in civil 
life. He always has the appearance of 
being scared stiff, but never hesitates to 
go into the thick of it. Once he stalled 
his engine while under' a very severe 
shell fire, and his only comment was 
'Gracious, how unfortunate!'" 

Battershell also mentions another fel- 
low who is always complaining about no- 
action when away from the front, and 
boasting about his bravery, but when the 
work is a little risky, he almost has to- 
be driven to his work under shell fire. 

The real prize is M., a Chicago boy, 
who was some sort of an artist. He is- 
always in trouble running into something 
with his car, or getting lost and losing 
Vis baggage, etc. 

In this letter, Battershell tells another 
of the Germans' "favorite stunts." He 
says, "Their aviators flew over and 
dropped a lot of small packages of candy 
which, on examination, were found to be 
poisoned." 

Entertaining the Major 

He also describes a little diplomatic en- 
tertainment. The Major de Cantonment, 
who has charge of the village and quar- 
ters the men, is a man to stand well with, 
and has "a sort of weakness for a good 
dinner well washed down." Battershelf 
and his companions, despite regulations, 
were able to secure from a blind pig suit- 
able refreshments for the Major. 

BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



ji 



Milwaukee's New Telephone Building 

Located on Site of Original Offices Occupied by Wisconsin Telephone Company in 1879. 



The fine new building of the Wiscon- 
sin Telephone Company, at Milwaukee, 
marks an epoch in the telephone history 
of Wisconsin and typifies the remarkable 
development of this now universal neces- 
sity of civilized life the world over. 

This building is of 
sentimental as well as 
historical interest to all 
the telephone people of 
Wisconsin, for it sig- 
nifies the return, after 
an absence of eleven 
years, of the executive 
offices to the block 
where this company 
began its existence. 

Wisconsin was early 
in the telephone field. 
Professor Ha skins, 
general manager of the 
Northwestern Tele- 
graph Company, in 
that position was as- 
sociated with an effort 
of telegraph people, 
who also had Edison 
and Dolbear in their 
employ, to supersede 
the Bell. When the 
Bell supremacy was 
finally acknowledged, 
and the National Bell 
Telephone Company 
was organized in the 
spring of 1879, Profes- 
sor Haskins was in 
touch with all its prin- 
cipal officials, and few 
were better informed 
than he concerning the 
invention and its work 
up to that time. He 
entered into what is 
reported to have been 
the first contract ever 
made by the National 
Bell Telephone Com- 
pany, at the. urgent so- 
licitation of his son, 
harry, a young man 
just out of his teens, 
who believed in the possibilities of the in- 
vention. 

Under this contract, C. H. Haskins was 
appointed agent for Wisconsin, Minnesota 
and what is now North Dakota, the terri- 
tory then within his jurisdiction as gen- 
eral manager of the Northwestern Tele- 
graph Company. The Milwaukee business 
was organized August 4, 1879, the incor- 
porators being Professor Haskins, presi- 
dent: Alfred Weller, secretary, and Harry 
C. Haskins, treasurer. 

The Milwaukee exchange was opened in 



a rear room at 411 Broadway. There, for 
about three years, the telephone business 
of Wisconsin had its infant struggles and 
learned to creep. In the fall of 1882 it 
was absorbed by the newly organized Wis- 
consin Telephone Company, a "great cor- 




NEW BROADWAY BUILDING AT MILWAUKEE 

poration" for its time, with authorized cap- 
ital of $000,000. There were then 600 sub- 
scribers in Milwaukee. 

Seventeen Exchanges in 1882 
The following exchanges were then in 
operation in the state : Appleton, Beloit, 
De Pere, Eau Claire, Fond du Lac, Green 
Bay, Janesville, La Crosse, Madison, Man- 
itowoc, Marinette, Milwaukee, Neenah, 
Oshkosh, Racine, Sheboygan and Wausau. 

The company also had toll lines be- 
tween the following points: Milwaukee 
and Racine ; Oshkosh and Fond du Lac : 



Peshtigo and Marinette ; Green Bay and 
Flintville. 

The following year the central office was 
moved across the street to 424 Broadway, 
where the old building was supplanted in 
1891 by a little one which now gives way 
to the new $700,000 
Broadway structure re- 
cently occupied. 

This new building 
includes, as about one- 
third of its site, the 
site that the general 
offices of the company 
have occupied since 
1883, except for eleven 
years in the Grand 
building on Fifth 
street, because of lack 
of room in the old 
Broadway building. 

The history of Wis- 
consin telephony has, 
therefore, been asso- 
ciated with this block 
on Broadway from its 
beginning thirty-eight 
years ago, and with 
the present site for 
thirty-five years. 
Reminiscences 
General Manager H. 
O. Seymour was in a 
reminiscent mood the 
other day, and among 
other things said : 

"When I applied for 
a job with the tele- 
phone company seven- 
teen years ago, the 
general office was at 
4 2 4 Broadway, the 
present site of part of 
this building. The 
company then had 6,394 
subscribers in Milwau- 
kee and 15,694 in Wis- 
consin, with 12,465 
miles of toll line. That 
was the year when the 
telephone company 
started to do away 
with the 'turn the crank' method of sig- 
naling the operator. 

"In 1906 we moved into the Grand office 
building on Fifth street, which then be- 
came our general office. At that time we 
had 18,069 subscribers in Milwaukee, 48,987 
in Wisconsin, and 26,204 miles of toll line, 
and while we expected great things for 
the future, ten years seemed a long way 
off. However, only a little over ten years 
have elapsed and we have now gone into 
a building more than twice as large as 
the Fifth street building. We now have 



22 



BELL-mEPHONE-NEWJ 



62,583 subscribers in Milwaukee alone, and 
163,421 in the state. We have 55,980 miles 
of toll line in Wisconsin. 

"In 1900 the company owned three 
buildings in Milwaukee. In 1906, when 
the move to the Grand office was made, 
the company owned seven buildings. To- 
day we own thirteen buildings in Milwau- 
kee and fifteen in the state outside of Mil- 
waukee. These facts illustrate, con- 
cretely, why these new quarters were a 
necessity." 

Completely Fireproof 

The new building is U-shaped, with a 
court in the center, and is eight stories 
in height. It has been designed, however, 
for an ultimate height of sixteen stories. 
A building of this size, it is estimated, will 
care for three local switchboard units, the 
toll boards and all the general offices of 
the company. 

The first story of the street elevation is 
of granite, the lower part being polished. 
The remainder of the street elevation is 
of yellow brick with terra cotta trim 
around the windows. The light court is 
faced with cream-colored enamel brick. 

The first floor is occupied by the com- 
mercial offices, and the second will care 
for the terminal room and operators' quar- 
ters. The third will house the new 
Broadway switchboard, and the remaining 
floors will be used at present for general 
offices. All the floors have been designed, 
however, to provide for switchboards if 
necessary. 

The building is completely fireproof, and 
is provided with four standpipes with 
hose connections on every floor. There 
is a main stairway at the front of the 
building, and smokeproof stairways at the 
rear of each wing. The exits are' pro- 
tected by fire walls and metal fire doors. 
All the windows are of metal set with 
wired glass. In addition to the wired glass 
windows, rolling steel shutters which close 
automatically in case of fire are provided 
on the sides of the building. 

There are no wood floors. The cement 
floors are covered with linoleum or rugs, 
depending upon the use made of the space. 
The corridors, stair halls and entrance 
lobby have marble floors, and marble base- 
boards are used throughout the building. 

The offices in the front portion of the 
building are finished in mahogany, but al! 
the other finish is of quarter-sawed oak. 

There are several bubbling drinking 
fountains on every floor. Filtered water 
is sterilized by the violet ray method and 
cooled by the ammonia system. The re- 
frigerating plant will also cool the re- 
frigerator in the operators' kitchen. 

Indirect Lighting Method 

The working spaces throughout the 
building are lighted by luminous bowl in- 
direct fixtures with the exception of the 
terminal room frames, which are lighted 
by direct ceiling fixtures instead of drop 
lights. By the indirect method, practically 



Personal Income Tax 

As soon as the new income tax 
law is passed the accounting depart- 
ment will prepare slips showing ex- 
actly how the tax is to be figured on 
incomes running from $2,000 up. 
These slips will be sent as a matter 
of information to all group em- 
ployes receiving a salary of $150 per 
month or more. For people receiv- 
ing less than $150 per month, there 
are no complications, but as a mat- 
ter of information slips will be pre- 
pared for these also and furnished 
to department heads to whom any 
employes who want one should 
apply. 

All slips will give information as 
to how much of the tax will be de- 
ducted "at the source"; that is, how 
much will be withheld by the com- 
pany and how much will have to be 
made a matter of direct payment to 
the government. The new law pre- 
sumably will substitute "informa- 
tion at the source" for "deduction 
at the source" for at least a part of 
the tax. 

Any employes in the Chicago office 
who wish help in filling out the re- 
turns after the blanks have been 
furnished by the government will be 
given assistance if they will call 
upon W. R. Hearne, Room 1502. 
Mr. Hearne can be reached on Local 
565. 

Any employes outside of Chicago 
desiring assistance in making return 
to the government may write to Mr. 
Hearne, Room 1502, 212 West Wash- 
ington street, Chicago. 

B. S. Garvey, 
General Auditor. 

October 1, 1917. 



all of the light is reflected from the ceil- 
ing, the glass bowls being illuminated 
merely to improve the effectiveness of the 
arrangement. So far as is known, this 
is the first telephone building almost com- 
pletely lighted by , the indirect method. 
Emergency gas lighting is provided in the 
operating rooms and hallways. 



Mr. McGovern Honored 

W. R. McGovern, chief engineer of the 
Central Group of Bell Telephone com- 
panies, has been elected a Fellow in the 
American Institute of Electrical Engi- 
neers. This is the highest grade of mem- 
bership in this association and members 
elected are those who have shown special 
proficiency in the electrical arts and who 
are qualified to design and take charge of 
important electrical work. 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



Some War Time Recipes 

Everybody is familiar with that old 
saying about the way to a man's heart. 
Mrs. E. Ci. Drew, wife of the division au- 
ditor of receipts, furnishes satisfactory 
evidence that she knows the way by send- 
ing the Bell Telephone News some of 
her economical recipes for war times. 

As for Mr. Drew, he says nothing, as 
his genial smile and even disposition are 
sufficient proof that his wife's ability in 
the culinary art is not wasted. Mrs. 
Drew's recipes follow : 

BAKED STEAK. 
(Enough for six persons.) 

Take two pounds of flank steak and 
pound in Hour on both t-ides with edge of 
a plate, as much as steak will take. 

Season and brown on both sides in a 
hot frying pan. 

Transfer steak into a casserole or tight- 
ly covered pan. 

Add a little water to the juice in the hot 
frying pan. 

Mix well and then pour it over steak. 
Slice a small onion and lay on top of steak. 

Take two bunches of carrots, remove 
tops and ends and scrape them and lay 
them on steak. 

Add eight or nine small potatoes. 

Add any little pieces of tomatoes or oth- 
er left-over vegetables; also a bit of chili 
sauce if you have it. 

Bake for two hours in a slow oven. 
BEEF LOAF. 
(Enough for ten persons.), 

Two pounds round steak or hamburger, 
half pound pork chops ground together, 
one egg, one cup of milk, one cup of bread 
crumbs, two teaspoons of salt, half tea- 
spoon of pepper. Stir ingredients together, 
add meat, mix well, cover with bread 
crumbs, bake one hour. 

Easily warmed over in a double boiler. 
SALMON LOAF. 
(Enough for nine persons.) 

Take one good sized can of salmon, one 
cup milk, two tablespoons butter, one ta- 
blespoon flour, one egg, one pint of dry 
bread crumbs, pepper and salt. Chop sal- 
mon fine; mix flour and butter. Let milk 
get hot in double boiler; stir in butter and 
nour, bread crumbs and salmon. 

Let it all get hot and put in a dish and 
b°k° to a nice brown (about twenty min- 
utes). 

CORN OYSTERS. 

As a substitute for a meat dish corn oys- 
ters are excellent and are very economical. 

Take stewed corn left over from a meal 
or buy a small can of corn and add milk 
and seasoning. 

Stir in rolled crackers until stiff enough 
to mold into the shape of oysters. 

Set them in a cool place and allow a few 
hours for a slight crust to form. 

Fry them in a liberal amount of bacon fat 
or lard (for about twenty minutes) until 
they are rich brown. 

A FINE CHEAP SALAD DRESSING. 
(One and one-half pints.) 

One tablespoon sifted flour, one teaspoon 
pepper, half tablespoon mustard, one table- 
spoon butter, one tablespoon salt, three 
eggs, beaten, three tablespoons sugar, one 
cup vinegar, one cup milk. Mix dry in- 
gredients and add to melted butter. Stir 
in (slowly) milk and eggs, then vinegar. 
Boil in double boiler until thick. "Will keep 
indefinitely in a cool place if covered. 
GRAHAM PUDDING. 

One and one-half cups graham flour, one 
egg, half cup molasses, one teaspoon soda, 
half 2up sweet milk, little salt and spice, 
one-fourth cup butter. 

Steam one and one-half hours. Nice with 
orange sauce. Can be warmed over in a 
steamer or eaten like bread. 

CHOCOLATE BREAD PUDDING. 

Two cups scalded milk poured over one 
cup bread crumbs. After this gets cold, add 
tv/o well beaten eggs, half cup sugar, a 
little salt, one teaspoon of vanilla, three 
tahlespons of grated chocolate. 

Bake about an hour in a slow oven. 
Serve 'villi warm lemon sauce or drawn 
butter sauce. 

BROWN BREAD. 
Half cup molasses, half cup sugar, two 
well beaten eggs, one and one-half cups 
white flour, two teaspoons melted butter, 
one teaspoon soda, two cups sour milk, two 
and cne-hnlf cups graham flour; mix rather 
thick. Add half cup raisins and bake with 
cover for one hour in slow even. 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



23 



Safety First and 
Accident Prevention 



MEMBER NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL 



MEMBER AMERICAN MUSEUM OF SAFETY 




•DIDN'T THINK" IS THE CAUSE OF 
MUCH SUFFERING 



SOME MEN ARE BORN SAFETY MEN, 
SOME ACQUIRE SAFETY AND SOME 
HAVE SAFETY THRUST UPON THEM 



A WORD FOR THE WISE- 
WATCH YOUR STEP 



August Preventable Accidents 

Learn from the experience of others. 

In reading over the following statements 
of some of the August accidents which 
could have been prevented, the thought 
may come to us that it is very unlikely 
that the same conditions that existed in the 
cases reviewed would occur again. 

However, a study of the accidents re- 
ported from month to month prove that 
the same sort of accidents happen over 
and over again. Almost exactly the same 
situations are met with repeatedly and as 
a matter of fact it will not be difficult for 
many of us to recognize that we have 
found ourselves in almost the same situa- 
tions, possibly during the past year. Hence, 
if we remember what happened to the 
other fellow we may, when we find our- 
selves in the same situation, be able to 
avoid an accident. 

A lineman at Milwaukee was descend - 



Splendid Accident Record of Three 
Chicago Districts 

Beverly — No lost time acci- 
dents in twenty months. 

Canal — No lost time accidents 
in twenty months. 

Woodstock District — No lost 
time accidents in twelve months. 



ing a telephone pole when one of his spurs 
cut out. He slid down the pole and in 
so doing struck his left arm against a 
clothes hook in the pole. His arm was 
severely lacerated. 

A lineman at Lake Geneva was riding 
in a cable car trimming trees when a tree 
trimmer he was using struck against an 
electric light wire, resulting in a severe 
burn to his left hand, wrist and forearm. 



A cableman at Milwaukee was standing 
on a fence reaching up to get hold of a 
pole step. While so doing his foot slipped 
from the fence and his left knee struck a 
pole step. 

An equipment installer was scraping old 
numbers from a terminal block with a. 
chisel, when the chisel slipped and sev- 
ered an artery in the first finger of the 
left hand. 

A groundman while trimming up the 
side of a new manhole struck his hand 
against a piece of glass which was stick- 
ing from the side of the bank. 

A cable helper was lifting a pot of hot 
paraffine off a furnace when the pot struck 
the furnace shield and spilled the hot par- 
affine on his right hand and right leg. 

A frameman had left an electric solder- 
ing iron on a ladder and as he reached 
for it he pushed it to the floor. In at- 
tempting to pick it up, he caught hold of 
it and received a burn. 



If we 
have 



keep on 
to say 



the way we 
either " Too 



are going, 



Bad 



?9 



or 



we won't 
" Why?" 



Days Disability 
per Employe 
per Month 



1916 

(Year) 



June 




CHART SHOWING PERCENTAGE OF ACCIDENTS FER TELEPHONE EMPLOYE PER MONTH IN CHICAGO DURING 
1916 AND GRADUAL DECREASE' DURING FIRST SEVEN MONTHS OF 1917. 



2 + 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



A plant department clerk had a broken 
desk glass on his desk which he had been 
warned several times to dispose of. He 
did not do so, however, and in reaching 
for some forms, he scratched his right arm 
severely on one of the rough edges of the 
broken parts. 

A building cableman was cleaning up 
cable and in driving a nail into a beam in 
the ceiling, he struck the nail a glancing 
blow and the nail flew back and struck 
him in the eye. 

A cable splicer was unloading a Ford 
truck. While lifting a tool box from the 
truck, a lead sleeve fell from the truck 
and struck his right foot, causing a lac- 
erated wound on his toe. 

An installer while walking past the cable 
side of the main distributing frame struck 
his right eye against the bare end of a 
piece of jumper wire which was project- 
ing about a foot from the frame. 

A cable repairman was wiping a joint 
when some of the hot solder slipped off 
of his wiping cloth and caught under his 
signet ring. 

The Accident Prevention Trophy 

The standing for the period ending Au- 
gust 31st of the various districts in the 
three divisions of the plant department 
contesting for the accident prevention 
trophy is as follows: 



Suburban Plant 



1. 


La Grange. 


8. Harvey. 


2. 


F I (ti n 


9. 


Aurora. 


3. 


Wheaton. 


10. Joliet. 


4. 


Woodstock. 


11. Special Esti- 


5. 


Hammond. 




mate. 


6. 


Oak Park. 


12. 


Evanston. 


7. 


Waukegan. 








Construction 


i 

i . 


Building Ca- 


5. 


North Construi 




bling. 




tion. 


2 


Shops. 


6. Garage. 


3. 


South Construc- 


7. 


Supplies. 




struction. 


8. 


Central Con- 


4. 


Cable Repair. 




struction. 




Maintenance 


1. 


Canal. 


15. 


Lake View. 


2, 


Beverly. 


16. 


Calumet. 


3. 


Main. 


17. 


South Chicago. 


4. 


Wabash. 


18. 


West. 


5. 


Central. 


19. 


Kedzie. 


6. 


Rogers Park. 


20. 


Lincoln. 


7. 


Austin. 


21. 


Pullman. 


8. 


Monroe. 


22. 


Irving. 


y. 


Hyde Park. 


23. 


Wentworth. 


10. 


Stewart. 


24. 


Humboldt.. 


11. 


Edgewater. 


25. 


Yards. 


12. 


Oakland. 


26. 


Belmont. 


13. 


Superior. 


27. 


Lawndale. 


14. 


Douglas. 


28. 


Prospect. 



During October the trophy will be ex- 
hibited by Messrs. Wylie of La Grange 
district, Ruttle of the building cabling, 
and Cerny of the Canal exchange. Messrs. 



Ccrny alid Ruttle have had possession of 
the trophy in their respective divisions be- 
fore, but this is the first time Mr. Wylie 
and his staff have attained first place in 
the suburban division. 

Congratulations are in order. 



Stairway Accidents 

A number of stairway accidents were 
reported, all of which could have been 
prevented had a little more care on the 
part of the individual reporting the acci- 
dent been exercised, or in some cases by a 
little more consideration on the part of 
others using the stairways. In running 
up and down stairways, for instance, it is 
very possible to slip or trip, but if we will 
walk and use the hand rails which are 
placed there for our convenience, we will 
avoid accidents of this kind. Typical of 
the accidents reported of this kind are the 
following : 

An operator was descending the stairs 
when she caught her heel on one of the 
steps. She tripped and fell the rest of 
the way downstairs. 

An operator was about to descend a 
stairway when she slipped on a piece of 
banana peel which some one had care- 
lessly dropped on the top step. 

A supervisor in descending a stairway 
slipped on a pencil which was on one of 
the steps, carelessly dropped there by 
some one. 




WHEAT PRICE FIXING COMMITTEE, 
Whose work led to President Wilson's fixing the price of wheal at $2.20 a bushel. No. 1 Chicago. 

Prominent in this picture will be noticed Theodore N. Vail, who, besides his achievements in the field of telephony, is well known 
as an authority on agriculture and keenly interested in everything pertaining to the farm. Mr. Vail traveled from Portland, Oregon, to 
Washington to serve on this committee. 

Reading from left to right the members of the committee are: James W. Sullivan; George W. Nasmyth, secretary; Henry J. Waters; 
William N Doak; R. Goodwyn Rhett; Dr. Henry A. Garfield, chairman; Professor Frank W. Taussig; Theodore N. Vail; Eugene E. 
Funk; J. W. Shorthill; L. J. Tabor; and Dr. Edwin F. Ladd. 



BELL TELEPHONE * N EWJ 



2 b 




Of I nterest To Our Girls 

^5 T Conducted by Mrs. F. E.Dewhurst 



BERXICE FIELD, 
Operator, Goodrich, 
Mich., who worked at 
switchboard till cable 
was burned out, sav- 
ing the town in big 
fire. 




NELLIE SEAMON, 
Operator, Hillsdale, 
Mich., by her common 
sense and nerve saved 
the town from a de- 
structive fire. 




OLGA WALTERS 
Chief Operator, Man- 
istee, Mich., who, 
hearing faint cry of 
distress, traced call, 
sent doctor, and saved 
a life. 




NELLIE STAYER, 
Operator, Chicago 
Heights, who, by her 
quick wit, caught safe 
blowers who had elud- 
ed the police for 
weeks. 




CLARA GKASSL, 
Operator, Andale, 
Kansas, who pre- 
vented bank robbery, 
driving four men away 
with pistol and noti- 
fying the town. 



The Battalion of Life 

In the September magazine our girls' page was devoted to the Battalion of Death. 
Let us turn this month to the more beautiful thought of our own girls, who may truly 
be called the Battalion of Life. We shall not cease to admire those brave, self- 
sacrificing girls, who, in Russia, are in the desperate struggle, but let us be thankful 
that the mission of our girls is to serve by saving life. Ours is the Battalion of Life. 
We are sure that there is no less courage and latent self-sacrifice in the girls in our 
telephone exchanges, who are, every day, serving their country, and, sometimes, at 
the risk of their own lives, saving others. 

Around this page are the faces of a few who have rendered splendid service in 
emergencies. Their quick action and unselfish devotion saved lives, and averted dis- 
asters of flood and fire. These are only a few faces; the Battalion of Life is a great 
army. It circles the earth and its forces are invisible. There is no array of 
uniform — no sound of trumpets — but night and day, within the silence, they are 
watching for the calls for help — the calls that may mean life if they give their very 
best. 

When the Zeppelin raids have been anticipated, sometimes in the midst of them, 
says a government report from London, the operators have gone from their homes 
to their offices even when bombs were dropping. They have played an important part 
in saving life by their air-raid warnings. In Dublin when the bullets were flying and 
the fires were raging, they stuck to their work and kept up communication which 
brought military force to suppress the rioting. 

In the terrible West India hurricane that swept the Texas coast a year ago, 
thousands of lives were saved by the girls who telephoned the warnings of the com- 
ing storm — "Till the wires went dead," they stuck to their posts. 



Out of the Gulf the Storm King swept 

On the crest of his shrieking hurricane, 
Rousing the chaos that long had slept, 

Lashing the cities with fierce disdain. 
Sudden his rush — but the swift refrain 

Of a warning far and wide was spread 
By the girls who worked with their might and main — 

Who stayed at their posts till the wires went dead. 



Sisters in stern and loveliest truth 

To the great race-heroes, side by side 
They take their place — it is earned, in sooth— 

By those whom the last great test has tried. 
"Comrades, salute f" Can you hear the call 

From the ghostly ranks of the men who sped 
To death when their duty demanded all — 

Who stayed at THEIR posts till the wires went dead. 







HAZEL POLCAR, 
Clerk, Cleveland, 
Ohio, who, by presence 
of mind, extinguished 
a serious fire in Rose- 
dale Office. 



RAY SUGGS, 
Operator, Beaumont, 
Texas, in hurricane, 
struggled to ofllce, 
clothing torn and 
water soaked, to give 
her service for other*. 



VERA RE ID, 
Operator, Emmett, 
Mich., saved lives and 
property by her ser- 
vice, "plugging in" till 
driven out by the 
flames. 



IRENE KRIER, 
Operator, Stewart 
Office, Chicago, who 
saved the Scoutmas- 
ter from drowning, 
Flint Lake, Indiana. 
Has seventeen medals. 




VERDIE CHENEY, 
Operator, Fail-view, 
Utah, who gave the 
first warning of dan- 
ger when the Mam- 
moth Reservoir dam 
gave way. 




FRANCES A. WEISS, 
Operator, Monroe, 
Mich., whose prompt 
action resulted in the 
capture of a hold-up 
man. 



BELLE MOE, 
Operator, Union 
Grove, Wise, tele- 
phoned till the place 
became too hot, arous- 
ing the community in 
big fire. 




MARIE DEAN, 
Evening Chief Op- 
erator, Eddy Office, 
Cleveland, Ohio, who 
averted a panic and 
prevented damage to 
telephone equipment. 



26 



RELl TELEPHONF-NEW 



THE UNEXPECTED IN FASHIONS FOR AUTUMN IS 

THE COLORFUL FROCK 

Quiet Tones Enhanced by Smart Silk Braiding, Embroidery and Contrasting Velvets — Black Permissible if En- 
riched with Glowing Tints of W ool Stitchery — Good Looking Woolen Materials in Great Demand. 




7381— Misses' Coat (Pattern 20 cents). 
Pour sises, 14 to 20 years. 

By Maude Hall 

United States soldiers are going to sing 
their way to the trenches, and the girls 
they leave behind are going to reflect this 
cheerfulness and optimism in their frocks. 
The unexpected note in autumn fashions 
is the colorful frock. It is not gay, but 



7411 — Misses' Dress (Pattern 20 cents). 
Three sises, 16 to 20 years. 



Patterns for Bell News Designs 

The designs shown on this page 
are supplied by The Pictorial Review, 
New York. Patterns may be secured 
from any Pictorial Review agency. 



7396— Misses' Dress (Pattern 20 cents). 
Three sizes, 16 to 20 years. 

it is a fashion misdemeanor to have it 
sombre. 

Quiet colors enhanced by smart silk 
braiding, embroidery and collars and cuffs 
of toneful velvets are considered de rigeur 
both at home and abroad. Black is per- 
missible only if enriched with the glowing 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



27 



tones of wool stitcherv, or if combined 
with contrasting fabric such as duvetyn 
or velour de laine in China blue, old gold 
or cerise. 

A one-piece costume of pilot twill has 
several interesting features, such as a 
plaited tunic, draped collar, wide belt and 
button-trimmed sleeves. The ample waist, 
the close shoulder and straight line from 
shoulder to hip, the narrow skirt bottom, 
all are kind to the figure. The waist of 
the frock in question buttons at the front 
and is without trimming other than the 
wide belt of self-material and collar of 
spotted chiffon cloth. 

Plaids are in greater demand than ever 
for separate skirts. The sports girl and 
the college girl — who can distinguish one 
from the other — are devotees of big 
plaids and use them with simple waists of 
silk and flannel. The waists button up 
close to the throat and have high collars. 

The simplest and most youthful of 
frocks is one fashioned in jade green vel- 
veteen. The skirt is plaited under a belt 
of green satin, the collar is also of satin 
and the waist buttons at the left side. 
The velvet and suede finished cloths are 
exceedingly smart. 

The semi-princess frocks are charming 
and becoming to all figures. For informal 
home affairs is a frock in rose broadcloth 
trimmed with plaid velvet. The front 
panel extends from neck to hem, the ad- 
justment being at the left side. The collar 
is cut in shawl effect, the points crossing 
at the front and fastening at either side 
of the panel where the belt is interrupted. 

There are also delightful little shirt- 
waist dresses of satin, crepe, voile, etc., 
made with plaited skirts and simple 
blouses. Frequently several rows of 
stitches are added to the lower edge of 
the skirt and the trimming may be re- 
peated on the collar and belt. 
. For combinations of materials, satin and 
twill, for instance, or charmeuse and 
georgette, there comes a pretty model 
with applied box plaits, which extend from 
the waist to a deep flounce 
on the skirt into which they 
are lost. The skirt is gath- 
ered and the very deep 
flounce is of contrasting ma- 
terial, while the upper part 
corresponds with the waist 
and sleeves. The plaits, how- 
ever, match the flounces. 

Girdles on autumn frocks 
are both wide and narrow, 
the former being a natural 
holdover in connection with 
the Russian modes. Side 
fastening, too, is a feature, 
though one sees many good 
looking frocks opening 
straight up the front to the 
collar line, or in some in- 
stances, buttoning down each 
side of the front from shoul- 
der to hip line or further. 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 

New American colors share favor with 
those sent over from Paris. 

No mistake will be made in selecting a 




LUNCHEON CLOTH AND NAPKIN. 

plaited model. The lines of the newest 
skirts are straighter and longer than those 
of last season. Tunic arrangements with 
narrow underskirts are promised much 
popularity. Flying panels, lined, perhaps 
with contrasting color, are liked, and softly 
draped yet comparatively straight tunics 
are liked also. This tunic and under- 
skirt idea offers excellent opportunities for 
making over old frocks. 

Ginghams have been so popular during 
the summer just closed that they will be 
continued for house dresses. 



Dining Room Embroideries 

for White or Colors, 



By KATHRYN MUTTERER 

(Specially prepared tor the Bell Telephone n'ews.) 



It pays to have pretty dining room lin- 
ens, and they need not be expensive either. 
Two very pretty sets are picture 1 !, 




NAl'KIN AND SCARF IN EMBROIDERY AND FILET. 



one for luncheon and the other for a tea 
service. The luncheon cloth is 24 inches 
square and the napkins to be used with 
it are 12 inches square. It may be made 
of pure linen, art linen, scrim or some of 
the substitutes employed in these war 
times when all the linen that is manu- 
factured is contracted for months in ad- 
vance by the warring nations. Delft blue 
cotton is effective for working up the de- 
sign, as well as the narrow crochet edging 
for the cloth and napkins. The flowers 
are done in outline stitch, filled in with 
seeding stitch. Outlining is used for the 
stems, while the dots are in raised satin 
stitch. Rose, tan, lavender or any other 
may be used instead of blue, but the white 
and blue sets are especially stylish just 
now, due, perhaps, to the rage for all 
things Japanese. Ecru or brown linen 
may be utilized in making the tea cloth, 
accompanied by napkins and scarf. The 
embroidered motifs at the corners are 
executed in flat satin stitch. The napkin 
is done in Italian hemstitching and Reti- 
cella work. The oblong design below the 
cloth and napkin may be used for either 
a buffet or dresser scarf. The embroid- 
ery is quickly worked and the filet square 
is inserted and buttonholed in position 
after the embroidery is completed. The 
conventional motifs around the filet square 
and above the double row of hemstitch- 
ing are embroidered in white, in flat satin 
stitch, the square motifs at the right and 
left of bell-shaped motifs are in Reticella 
embroidery. Twelve crochet pendants give 
a graceful finish to the edges of the scarf. 

The stem stitch used in working the 
lunch cloth is next in importance to the 
raised satin stitch. Many persons con- 
fuse the stem stitch of French embroidery 
with the outline stitch. In reality stem 
stitch is partly outline stitch, with the out- 
line stiches concealed with whipping 
stitches. 

First outline the line to be covered. 
Instead of the outlining one may cover 
the line with one row of running stitches, 
then a second row of running 
stitches, in the second row 
covering the spaces left in 
the first row. 

Having outlined or run the 
line, bring the needle up at 
the extreme left and in front 
of the line, then whip over 
and over, picking up as lit- 
tle of the linen as possible — 
and having the whipping 
stitches lying close together, 
and so smooth that they give 
the effect of a fine cord. This 
stitch should be made with 
fine thread. 

With these instructions it 
should be easy for young 
women with sewing ability 
to make at small cost, attrac- 
tive and useful dining room 
linens. 



28 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Public Utilities Commission Rulings 



Application of Business Rate to Resi- 
dence Telephone with Extension in 
Business Office Reasonable 

Public Service Commission of New York. 

Complainant, a physician, who had a tel- 
ephone in his residence wjth an extension 
in his office and who also had a business 
telephone in his office in the name of the 
Port Jervis Hospital, objected to the action 
of the company in charging him the busi- 
ness rate for the telephone in his resi- 
dence. Respondent's rules and regula- 
tions provided that where there is an ex- 
tension station in a business location, the 
business rate shall apply to the station 
with which the extension is connected. 

Held : Although complainant was not 
shown to be using the extension in his 
office for business purposes, nevertheless 
the extension could be so used and, ex- 
cept for the rules and regulations of the 
respondent, a subscriber similarly situated 
to complainant could get all the benefits 
of a business telephone at a much lower 
rate than other subscribers. While the 
rule may work a hardship on some, as in 
this case, nevertheless it is necessary in 
order to prevent discrimination between 
the subscribers of the company. The rule 
is not unreasonable nor should it be 
changed. 

Utility Mty Remove Obstructions to Its 
Facilities 

District Court of Appeals, California. 
One Altpeter and others sued the Postal 
Telegraph Cable Company for damages 
for alleged injury to certain trees growing 
in the streets in front of their premises. 
The District Court of Appeals, Third Dis- 
trict, California, in which the case was 
tried, rendered judgment for the company, 
holding that while trees may be lawfully 
grown and maintained along the sidewalks 
of cities and towns and are not nuisances, 
the owner of the property in which such 
trees are grown has only a qualified or 
limited interest in the trees, which interest 
is subject and subordinate to the rights 
of the city to trim or remove the trees 
whenever the public interest requires. The 
court points out that cities and towns are 
empowered as agents of the state to grant 
to public utilities the right to use the 
streets for the purpose of installing and 
maintaining the equipment essential to the 
carrying oh of their business, and that 
when such franchises are granted, such 
corporations are authorized to remove 
from the streets anything which, if per- 
mitted to exist, would prevent proper and 
efficient service by such utilities. This 
proposition, says the court, is peculiarly 
applicable to telegraph and telephone cor- 
porations maintaining wires over and 
along the streets of urban communities, 
and therefore the defendant telegraph 



company did not subject itself to an ac- 
tion for damages by cutting the branches 
of the trees growing in front of plain- 
tiff's premises in order to clear its wires 
and to prevent interference wpth their 
proper operation. The court stated further 
that in trimming or severing the branches 
of trees to prevent contact of their wires 
therewith telegraph or telephone compa- 
nies can do no more than is necessary for 
the proper and efficient working of their 
wires. That, moreover, the burden was 
upon the plaintiffs herein to show either 
that it was entirely unnecessary to remove 
any branches from the trees or that de- 
fendant company removed more branches 
than the situation with respect to its wires 
called for. 

Public Convenience and Necessity Held 
Not to Require Invasion of Disadvant- 
ages of Duplication Discussed 

Public Service Commission of Indiana. 

Applicant sought a declaration from the 
commission that public convenience and 
necessity required that the board of trus- 
tees of the town of Milan grant a fran- 
chise to the Farmers Telephone Company 
of Milan to construct and operate a tele- 
phone exchange and system in said town. 
The Osgood Telephone Company, which 
was operating in said town, had recently 
purchased a competing plant in said town 
and was furnishing good service at low 
rates. Some dissatisfaction had arisen as 
the Osgood company, upon absorbing the 
property of its competitor, had only re- 
tained the long-distance' service which it 
had had prior to the consolidation, having 
given up the long-distance connection 
which its competitor had formerly had. 

Held: 1. The establishment of another 
telephone system in Milan would only in- 
crease the present dissatisfaction and com- 
plicate the service to a greater degree. 
The telephone business, more than any 
other, demands a single service or single 
utility. Each patron of a telephone com- 
pany desires to be connected with all other 
telephone patrons in the community. This 
can be accomplished more cheaply and 
more satisfactorily by a single company 
than by two or more companies. 

2. As the rates of the occupying com- 
pany were exceedingly low and the serv- 
ice reasonably adequate and efficient, no 
reason was apparent for the establish- 
ment of a competing company. The fact 
that a new company might construct a 
cheaper system or render cheaper long- 
distance service is not a reasonable excuse 
for granting an application to compete. 
The mere fact that long-distance service 
over co-operative companies' lines may 



BUY A LIBERTY BOND 



be free was not sufficient reason for grant- 
ing applicant's petition. 

3. Applicant might, if allowed to enter 
the territory, try to destroy tire income of 
the present company entirely and render 
its investment valueless. It is not the pur- 
pose of the Public Service Commission 
Act to encourage such action. 

4. One of the results sure to follow the 
construction of a new telephone system in 
the town would be that (a) either the 
citizens would be required to pay for two 
telephones in order to get all the service 
where they now pay for one, or (b) an 
appeal would be made to the commission 
to require a physical connection of the 
two companies. Neither of these condi- 
tions is desirable; furthermore, it is hardly 
conceivable that a new company would 
entirely supplant the present one, and even 
if such a thing were probable, this com- 
mission ought not to aid in the destruc- 
tion of property of an existing utility 
merely to make room for another, until 
all reasonable efforts have been employed 
to get from the existing utility satisfac- 
tory service. 

Free Service to Municipal Forbidden 

Public Service Commission, West Virginia. 

In disposing of the application of the 
Warwood Water and Light Company for 
permission to increase its rates, it was 
held, among other things, that the town 
pf Warwood could not be given free wa- 
ter for fire protection even if it could not 
raise enough to pay the proper charge 
therefor by taxes. The commission 
pointed out that such free service was 
absolutely wrong in principle, since it in- 
flicted upon small consumers a burden 
that should be borne by the wealthier 
class. 

Commission Not Interested as to How 
Service is Furnished, Provided Service 
is Adequate and the Price Therefore 
is Reasonable 

Corporation Commission, Oklahoma. 
Petition was filed on behalf of the citi- 
zens of Wirt protesting against the re- 
moval of the Pioneer exchange from Wirt 
to New Healdton, two and one-half miles 
away. 

Held : The commission is interested 
only in seeing that service is maintained 
at reasonable rates. So long as adequate 
service is given and the price therefor 
is not increased, the commission will not 
interfere with such arrangements as the 
defendant company may see fit to make 
in order to give this service. Accordingly, 
the complaint should be dismissed. 



NOTICE TO READER ' When you finish reading this magazine place a one-cent stamp on this notice, hand same to any postal employe and it will be 
1 placed in the hands of our soldiers and sailors at the front. No wrapping — no address. — -A. S. Burleson, PoMtmaater-General. 

BELL TELEPHONE NEWS 




Vol. 7.. No 4 



NOVRMRF.R. 1917 



Bell Telephones 



AND CONNECTIONS 



In the Territory of the 

Central Group of Companies 



OCTOBER 1, 1917 
Regular Connected Total 



Illinois 678,671 284,197 962,868 



ohio 255,970 235,702 491,672 



Indiana 121,904 226,738 348,642 



Michigan 265,937 84,794 350,731 



Wisconsin 176,487 155,862 332,349 

1,498,969 987,293 2,486,262 



BELL* TELEPHONE'NEWS 



ONE POLICY 



Volume 7 



Ohio Division 

D. H. Morris, Correspondent, 
Columbus 

Akron District 

W. R. Brock, commercial agent at 
Youngstown, has been transferred to the 
division commercial office at Columbus. 

J. A. Chilcote, commercial agent at 
Youngstown, is now in the new national 
army at Camp Sherman, Chillicothe. 

D. A. Holcomb and J. J. Fialla, commer- 
cial agents at Y^oungstown, have resigned. 

Miss Rose Y'oung, clerk in the mana- 
ger's office, Youngstown, has resigned to 
accept a position with the General Fire- 
proofing Company and has been succeeded 
by Mrs. Mary Haid. 

Thompson Robinson and Arthur Mor- 
comb, of the plant department, Youngs- 
town, are now in the new national army at 
Camp Sherman, Chillicothe. Mr. Mor- 
comb is taking instructions to qualify as 
a bugler. 

Robert Phillips, Scott Hubbard and 
William Hass, of the plant department, 
Youngstown, are now serving with the 
Signal Corps in Kansas. 

A. E. Holmes, formerly plant chief at 
Youngstown, has been transferred to Ak- 
ron as district plant chief and has been 
succeeded by D. C. Dunlap, formerly con- 
struction foreman. 

William Reynolds, formerly city fore- 
man at Youngstown, has been made plant 
chief at Akron and has been succeeded by 
William Mcllwain, formerly wagon fore- 
man. 

Six new toll positions, made necessary 
by the rush of business, have been cut into 
service at the Youngstown exchange. 

A new three-position wire chief's desk 
of the latest type and a new toll test board 
have been installed at the Youngstown ex- 
change. 

The following contracts were recently 
secured at the Youngstown exchange: 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, number 
1, P. R. X., seven trunks, one switchboard 
anrl sixteen stations; B. H. Printz Com- 
pany, men's furnishings store, number 2, 
P- R. X., one trunk and eight stations; 
Yahrling-Rayner Piano Company, number 



UNIVERSAL. SERVICE 



2, P. B. X., one trunk and five stations ; 
Miller-Smythe Electric Company, number 
2, P. B. X., two trunks and seven 
stations ; B. McManus Company, ladies' 
furnishings, number 1, P. B. X., two 



1? * 




A ONE DAY'S CATCH. 
Miss Ida Krebs, cashier at Canton ex- 
change, and one of her friends display their 
skill as disciples of Izaak Walton at Lotus 
Lake, Mich. 

trunks, one switchboard and eleven stations. 
Contracts have also been secured for an 
order table for the Western Union Tele- 
graph Company, consisting of five trunks 
and seven stations and an order table for 
G. M. McKelvey Company. 

Miss Dorothy Phillips, local chief oper- 
ator at Akron, has announced her engage- 
ment to Donald Gass of East Liverpool, O 

Miss Mabel Steffenson, local instructor 
at Akron, has resigned to accept a position 
as chief operator at the Firestone Tire and 
Rubber Company. She has been succeeded 
by Miss Catherine Whitehead. 

Mrs. Ada Clarke and Mrs. Louise Car- 
lisle, local supervisors at Akron, have re- 
signed and gone to Glens Falls, N. Y. 

Misses Fae Stover, Nellie Chester and 
Allcne Lawson, local operators at Akron, 
have been promoted to local supervisors. 

Miss Helen Maloney, local supervisor at 
Akron, was- married to C. G. Faine on 
September 24th. She was granted two 
weeks' leave of absence. 



ONE SYSTEM 



Number 4 



R. E. Marberger, traffic chief at Akron, 
spent his vacation in Colorado visiting his 
mother and friends. 

Misses Olive Smith and Gertrude Rowe, 
clerks at Akron, have returned from a two 
weeks' vacation. 

Miss Agnes Smith, toll operator at Ak- 
ron, has returned after a month's leave of 
absence. 

Misses Goldie and Pearl Merrill of the 
Akron exchange have returned from a two 
weeks' vacation spent visiting friends and 
relatives in Linton, Ind., and Fort Benja- 
min Harrison. 

Misses Osa and Ada Smith of the Akron 
exchange have returned from a two weeks' 
vacation spent visiting relatives in Buck- 
hannon, W. Va. 

Misses Edna Foley and Katherine Dar- 
rah, toll operators at Akron, have been 
promoted to toll supervisors. 

Miss Marie Snyder, toll operator, at Ak- 
ron, has returned to her duties. 

Miss Lena Schweiker, local operator at 
Akron, has returned after a two months' 
leave of absence. 

A. P. Shortridge, commercial agent at 
the Canton exchange for five years, has 
resigned to accept a responsible position 
with the lodge of Ben Hur at Warren, O. 
The commercial employes presented Mr. 
Shortridge with a traveling bag. 

Miss Mary Miller has accepted a posi- 
tion as stenographer in the commercial 
department at the Canton exchange. 

Sub-foreman Charles J. Hexamer of the 
Canton exchange has resigned. 

Samuel G. Hicks, former repairman at 
Canton, has left for Montgomery, Ala., 
with the Fourth Ohio Ambulance Corps. 

F. S. Fadley has accepted a position as 
repairman at the Canton exchange. 

Newspaper Comments Favorably 
on Lancaster Telephone 
Building 

The following article recently appeared 
in the Lancaster Daily Eagle: 

"Through the courtesy of W. E. Put- 
nam, manager of the Central Union Tele- 
phone Company, the writer was recently 
permitted to go through its plant and visit 
the operating room. This is indeed a 
fine building and everything for the com- 
fort and convenience of the employes is 

u— 



CHICAGO, ILL., NOVEMBER, 191 7 



The Month in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois 

News Notes and Personal Items of Interest 



2 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



arranged. The large engine and storage 
room, the wire chief's headquarters, and 
the battery room are all very nicely fixed 
up and kept very clean. Each room in the 
plant has plenty of sunshine and fresh air. 

"Upstairs we went through the operat- 
ing room, where a large number of girls 
are kept busy every minute of the time 
answering calls and questions. The long- 
distance operators and the information 
girl are also busy and no one in the room 
loses a moment of time. Next we saw the 
two splendid rest rooms, which are 
equipped for the use of the operators, 
where they can rest, read books, use the 
telephone or enjoy themselves in a social 
way during their fifteen minutes of relief. 
Rach girl has her own locker and her own 
transmitter and receiver, so everything 
is arranged for the health of each one. 

"This is indeed a splendid plant and 
well worth anyone's time to go through 
each part, all of which are kept as clean 
and tidy as the well-equipped office." 



Chillicothe District 

Miss Mildred Kiger, operator at Colum- 
bus, has been transferred to the Circleville 

exchange. 

Miss Nellie Hughes has resigned as toll 
operator at the Circleville exchange. 

V. K. Curtis, manager of the Circleville 
exchange, has been called for service in 
the new national army. 

Foremen Walker and Perdue have com- 
pleted the stringing of additional circuits 
between Columbus, Circleville and Chilli- 
cothe. 

Misses Mildred Wolfe and Edythe Black- 
burn have accepted positions as local op- 
erators at Washington C. H. 

H. E. Brown has accepted the position 
of repairman at Washington C. H., suc- 
ceeding B. Maddox, resigned. 

A surprise party was recently given in 
honor of the nineteenth birthday of Miss 
Beatrice Overly, local operator, by her par- 
ents, Mr. and Mrs. L. W. Overly. Miss 
Overly received many gifts. Several games 
were played, and refreshments were served. 
In an amusing contest Miss Hazel Reaster 
won first prize and Miss Helen Orr second. 

Miss Maureal Flint, clerk, daughter of 
Mrs. Emma Flint of Broadway, was re- 
cently married to Julian Kier, the cere- 
mony taking place at the Church of Christ. 
The bride was attended by Miss Gibson, of 
Dayton, and Miss Amy Kier, sister of the 
groom, played the wedding march. Mr. 
and Mrs. Kier will make their home on 
Broadway. 



Dayton District 

On the evening of October 13th a 
birthday party was given in honor of Miss 
Mayme Ryan, senior supervisor at the 
Dayton exchange, at her home on Web- 
ster street. A delightful lunch was served, 
after which the girls presented Miss Ryan 
— U 



with a beautiful cameo ring. Those pres- 
ent were Misses Jessie Robinson, Marie 
Kyle, Florence Roman, Henrietta Nahn, 
Helen Ralls, Margaret Cyphers, Grace 
Stephans, Pearl Beam, Grace Faulkner, 
Florence Reussenzehn, Gertrude Engle, 
Gcraldine Williams and the Mmes. Hester 
Stevers, Margaret Kellner, Cordelia Grid- 
ley and Mary Koellner. 

Miss Hazel Cole, toll operator at the 
Dayton exchange, has been appointed night 
toll chief operator. 

Miss Grace Faulkner, supervisor at the 
Dayton exchange, has resigned to enter 
a convent at Hartman. Miss Bertha Ayls- 
worth, local operator, succeeds her. 

Miss Kathryn Jefferies, local operator, 
has been promoted to instructor. 

Mrs. Chester Stevers, formerly Miss 
Hester Snyder, was recently presented 
with a beautiful mahogany clock by the 
girls at the Dayton office. 

Miss Ona Jacobs, operator at the Dayton 
East office, was married to Paul Marshall 
of this city on the evening of October 8th. 
Mr. Marshall is connected with the Y. M. 
C. A. 

Miss Anna Plannerer, local operator, has 
returned to work after an illness of four 
months. 



A Letter of Appreciation 

While the plant of the Alliance Gas 
and Power Company was being repaired 
recently it was necessary nearly every 
evening to shut off the electric current. 
As a result the company's subscribers often 
telephoned to learn why they were de- 
prived of service. The local operators at 
the Alliance exchange explained the situ- 
ation when telephone subscribers called 
the electric light company. 

To show its appreciation the Alliance 
Gas and Power Company sent the follow- 
ing letter, accompanied by a ten-pound 
box of candy for the operators : 

"Alliance, Ohio, October 23, 1917. 
"Central Union Telephone Company, 
"Alliance, Ohio. 

"Gentlemen : — During the last week or 
ten days we have experienced many diffi- 
culties in our electric station, due to our 
inability to get deliveries on material or- 
dered. During this time we were pre- 
vented from giving uninterrupted service 
to our customers at all times, and natu- 
rally received a great many telephone in- 
quiries as to the cause of the trouble. 

"We believe that we have received very 
good service from your employes during 
our hardship, and wish to convey, in a 
measure, our appreciation of their atten- 
tion. 

"We assure you that we appreciate this 
co-operation, and at any time we can re- 
ciprocate we will be only too glad to do 

so. 

"Again thanking you, we are, 

"Very truly yours; 
"The Alliance Gas and Power Co." 



Nelson Edwin Matthews 

Nelson Edwin Matthews of Defiance, 
ex-representative to Congress from, the 
Fifth Ohio District, and formerly presi- 
dent of the Putnam Telephone Company 
of Ottawa, Ohio, died in Maumee on Oc- 
tober 3d after an illness of several months. 
He was born in Ottawa in 1852, and for 
many years was identified with banking 
interests there. Mr. Matthews was a del- 
egate to the Ohio constitutional conven- 
tion in 1912. He is survived by his widow 
and a daughter, Mrs. C. C. Sherwood, of 
Maumee. 



Toledo District 

Carl Brown, repairman at Sandusky, left 
for Fort Riley, Kan., on October 10th to 
join the Signal Reserve Corps, in which 
he recently enlisted. 

Miss Edna Faulhaber, local operator at 
Sandusky, has resigned to become the 
bride of Earl E. Murray. Miss Faulhaber 
has been in the employ of the Central 
Union Telephone Company for four years. 

Miss Clara Martin, local operator at 
Sandusky, has resigned to attend to home 
duties. 

Miss Christine Schollart, local operator 
at Sandusky, has resigned to take up her 
residence at Detroit, Mich. 

Miss Helen Coles, local operator at San- 
dusky, has resigned and is now teaching 
school at Parkertown. 

Minnie Geisler, traffic chief at Sandusky, 
spent her vacation at Peru, Ohio. 

The following new private branch ex- 
change contracts have been secured : Rit- 
ter and Gardner, one trunk, switchboard 
and four stations; Bunting Brass and 
Bronze Company, two trunks, switchboard 
and seven stations ; Lasalle and Koch 
Company, ten trunks, switchboard and 
sixty stations ; B. F. Goodrich Rubber 
Company, one trunk, switchboard and six 
stations; Toledo Cadillac Company, one 
trunk and five stations. 

The telephone men have entered a team 
in the Colonade Bowling Alley League, 
and at the time of writing it is leading 
the league with eight games won and one 
lost. 

The girls in the commercial manager's 
office gave a surprise party for Miss Ellen 
Williams on Wednesday evening, October 
17th. Features of the evening's entertain- 
ment were the dancing and music by Miss 
Miller and Miss Williams. 

A number of girls from the commercial 
manager's office enjoyed a hickory-nutting 
party at Napoleon on Saturday and Sun- 
day, October 13th and 14th. 

Lincoln Stevenson, switchboardman at 
the Toledo exchange, who served in the 
ambulance corps on the border during the 
Mexican trouble, has gone to Montgom- 
ery, Ala., where he is now with the One 
Hundred and Forty-eighth Ambulance 
Corps. 

A. F. Sailor, toll wire chief at Lima, 
and W. B. Snyder, lineman at Findlay, 



BELL/TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



3 



who enlisted in the U. S. Signal Corps, 
have been called to camp at Atlanta, Ga. 

R. T. Hewlett, lineman at Findlay, has 
enlisted in the U. S. Signal Corps and left 
for Fort Riley, Kan., on October 10th. 

Charles Sucher, manager of the Nor- 
walk exchange, left on October 19th for 
Atlanta, Ga., to enter the service of the 
U. S. Signal Corps in which he enlisted 
several months ago. 



Indiana Division 

D. H. Whitham, Correspondent, 
Indianapolis 

Indianapolis District 

Mr. Archer succeeds Lieutenant Har- 
rington as military instructor of the Law- 
ton and Harrison Guards, which consists 
of boys ranging from eight to sixteen 
years of age. They have very attractive 
uniforms and drill remarkably well. 

Mr. Hall is at Camp Taylor and re- 
ports that he is enjoying the work and in 
the best of health. 



Central Union Bowling League 

The Commercial boys have yet to taste 
defeat in the Central Union Bowling 
League of Indianapolis but the season is 
young, and members of the other teams 
declare the leaders are due for a fall. 
STANDING ON OCTOBER 4TH. 

Team. Won. Lost. Pet. 

Commercial 6 0 1000 

Wire Chiefs 4 2 667 

Cable 3 3 '.500 

Engineers 2 4 .333 

Draftsmen 1 5 |ig7 

Construction 1 5 .167 

Johnson holds high Individual average 

with a mark of 170 closely pressed by 

Hathaway with 168. 



Pay Stations in Indianapolis Drug 
Stores 

The drug store telephone was again a 
prominent subject among those discussed 
at the nineteenth annual convention of the 
National Association of Retail Druggists 
held in Cleveland, September 17th to 21st. 

William A. Oren, secretary of the Mar- 
ion County Retail Druggists' Association, 
made a report to Wilhelm Bodemann, 
chairman telephone committee, N. A. R. 
D., which was printed in N. A. R. D. 
notes and read, in part, as follows: 

"When Mr. Bodemann came to Indian- 
apolis to attend the N. A. R. D. conven- 
tion a year ago he saw the necessity of 
the much-needed nickel-in-slot telephone 
for the druggist. At that time he called 
on the Central Union Telephone Company 
and made arrangements for the Indian- 
apolis druggists and telephone company to 
get together. 

"Following the convention, the secretary 
of the Marion County Retail Druggists' 
Association took the proposition up with 



the company, where Mr. Bodemann had 
left off, which resulted in the company 
assigning Mr. Young to the duty of getting 
druggists to install pay telephones. 

"When we started there were only a 
few of us who had pay telephones, pos- 
sibly half a dozen. After working eight 
months, we have pay telephones in all real 
drug stores and almost all so-called drug 
stores ; even the giant cutters have pay 
telephones. I would estimate that out of 
two hundred and forty-three stores we 
have pay telephones in all but twenty to 
twenty-three. 

"The druggists are well satisfied with 
the Central Union Telephone Company." 

Analyzing the report, N. A. R. D. Notes 
says : 

"We have the whole situation in a 
nutshell, crystallized into one sentence, 
'Where there is a will there is a way.' 
Indianapolis had about six pay telephones 
a year ago, got busy and has practically 
all drug stores lined up on the side of 
common sense, revenue instead of expense 
— and good service. 

"Another .lesson of great importance to 
be drawn from this Indianapolis experi- 
ence is that the pay telephone not only 
brings revenue, but nurses the organiza- 
tion spirit. And a further lesson we 
should learn from the Oren letter is the 
curse of the double telephone system." 



Telephone Service at Indiana 
State Fair 

Telephone service for the Indiana, state 
fair was furnished almost exclusively by 
the Central Union Telephone Company. A 
large number of telephones were installed 
for the use of the fair officials as well as 
numerous pay stations, which proved to 
be a great convenience to the public. 

The usual auto show was held at the 
fair grounds and about fifty telephones 
were installed for the use of- exhibitors. 



Northern and Southern District 

Miss Myrtle Staudacher, formerly chief 
toll operator at Terre Haute, was recently 
called to Greeley, Colo., by the death of 
her brother. Miss Staudacher's health has 
greatly improved, and she has decided to 
remain in Denver, where she has accepted 
a position with the Mountain States Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Company. Miss 
Leanor Landers has taken the position va- 
cated by Miss Staudacher. 

Mrs. Grace David, toll supervisor at 
Terre Haute, who recently returned from 
her vacation, gives a glowing account of a 
boat trip to Muscatine, Iowa. She also 
attended the world's series at Chicago and 
is an enthusiastic baseball fan. 

Cashius E. Miller, collector at Terre 
Haute, has resigned, and Earl Fuersten- 
berger has accepted the position. 

Floyd D. Allen, special agent at Terre 
Haute, has taken up camp work with the 



Y. M. C. A. and will be located at Camp 
Dodge, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Leo T. Osman, formerly contract agent 
at Terre Haute, is now connected with the 
Sheldon schools and is located at Evans- 
ville, Ind. 

E. S. Ball, repairman at the Terre Haute 
exchange, has been .transferred to Indian- 
apolis. 

Miss Lois Anderson, toll instructor, is 
now acting traffic chief at Terre Haute, 
succeeding Miss Irene Judkins, who re- 
signed to be married. Miss Dean Crea- 
son, formerly chief operator at Anderson, 
is now toll instructor at Terre Haute. 

Miss Edna Fasig, repair clerk at Terre 
Haute, has been very ill with diphtheria. 
She is improving and is expected back in a 
short time. 

An interesting operators' meeting was 
held at Terre Haute Thursday evening, 
October 4th. Miss Anderson, traffic 
chief, gave a "get together" talk and 
started the use of a suggestion box. This 
box is to be opened before each operators' 
meeting and the points suggested are to 
be considered. Manager Kissling met the 
girls and gave a very interesting talk on 
the war and its bearing on telephone 
work. 

Miss Grace Dunn, toll operator at Terre 
Haute, who has been very ill, is recuper- 
ating and expects to return in about three 
weeks. 

Miss Clara Dupke, toll supervisor, Terre 
Haute, was recently absent for a week 
liecause of sickness. 

Miss Leanor Landers, chief toll oper- 
ator, Terre Haute, has returned from a 
two weeks' vacation, part of which was 
spent in Chicago and Indianapolis. 

The blow fell on September 28th when 
at a dinner given by Mrs. James Bradley 
the engagement of Miss Irene Judkins. 
traffic chief at Terre Haute, to Cove Knip- 
pie of Huntington, Ind., was announced. 
As Miss Judkins was to leave on the 
twenty-ninth, a hurry-up party was arranged 
and held in the rest rooms of the telephone 
building. The rugs were taken up and 
the phonograph was started in one room, 
while in the other a game of "one chair 
less" wag 'played. A lunch was served late 
in the evening and at the table a gift of 
three dozen etched glasses was presented 
with the love and best wishes of the girls. 

The Blue Bell Club, made up of the 
employes of the Terre Haute exchange, 
gave a baby show at the Y. W. C. A. as 
its share in the formal opening for the 
year of the Federated Industrial Clubs. 
This is the largest club in the Terre Haute 
Federation, having a membership of sixty- 
six. Miss Miriam Kelly, toll clerk, was 
awarded first prize; Miss Annis Walker, 
toll student, second, and Miss Hilda 
Hantz, local operator, third. 

Miss Avis Baxter, night local chief op- 
erator at Terre Haute, spent her vacation 
with her mother in Kansas. 

George W. Cook, son of Mr. and Mrs. 

U— 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJS 



W. A. Cook, of 2108 South Sixth street, 
Terre Haute, and an employe of the Cen- 
tral Union Telephone Company, who en- 
listed in the signal corps, has received his 
orders and left recently for Camp Custer, 
Battle Creek, Mich. 

Misses Florence Green and Roberta Gil- 
Iiatt, local operators at Bedford, have re- 
signed to attend 
school. 

A new recording po- 
sition was recently in- 
stalled at Bedford. 
The work was done 
by the equipment de- 
partment. 

A fire on October 
8th at Bedford burned 
four cables, putting 
about 400 1 telephones 
out of service. The 
plant men worked 
night and day repair- 
ing the damage. 

Work on the new 
operators' quarters at 
Bedford is nearing 
completion. 

Miss L i 1 1 i e Plum- 
mer, chief operator at 
Brooklyn, spent her 
vacation at Martins- 
ville, Ind. Miss Edith 
Plummer substituted 
for her. 



tation of material handicap war prepara- 
tions and so tend to lengthen the war. — 
Kansas City Star. 



Death of Bertha Fultz 

Miss Bertha Fultz, for many years chief 
operator for the Central Union Telephone 
Company at Columbus, Ind., died on Octo- 




MISS BERTHA FULTZ AT HER SWITCHBOARD 



Fundamental Patriotism 

In this time of labor unrest, there is just 
one principle to apply, and that is the prin- 
ciple of fundamental patriotism. 

What is fundamental patriotism? 

It is a devotion to country based on 
justice and fair dealing. It is a devotion 
that puts America first and that attempts 
to get no unfair advantage out of Amer- 
ica's need. 

Fundamental patriotism restrains a busi- 
ness man from using this crisis as a 
means of taking advantage either of the 
public or of his working force. It keeps 
him from grabbing for huge war profits 
in an effort to use the emergency on a get- 
rich-quick basis. 

Under the terrible destructiveness of 
war there is bound to be scarcity of food 
and material for the world's needs. That 
means a higher cost of living. Funda- 
mental patriotism impels the employer to 
recognize this fact so far as possible in 
dealing with his employes. It insists that 
the employe share in whatever prosperity 
comes to him. 

But fundamental patriotism makes its 
demands on the workers as well as on the 
employers. There is a temptation for the 
workers as well as for the employers to 
attempt to take advantage of the situation 
created by war. The emergency makes a 
tieup of business far more serious than 
under peace conditions. 

Delays in the production and transpor- 
— U 



ber 16th. She had been an invalid for 
several years. 

Miss Fultz was well known in Columbus 
and southern Indiana. During her service 
with the telephone company the Central 
Union exchange was a small one, but han- 
dled a large amount of long-distance traffic, 
and Miss Fultz, through her efficient and 
painstaking work, made thousands of 
friends. 

Several years ago when an Indianapolis 
newspaper conducted a popularity contest, 
Columbus business men and traveling men, 
who were in the habit of making long- 
distance calls from Columbus, began boost- 
ing for Miss Fultz. She was not only one 
of the winners, but when the votes were 
counted, it was found that she had received 
more than any other woman in Indiana. 
As a result of this deserved popularity, 
she enjoyed a free trip to Europe. 

Miss Fultz retired from the service a 
short time before the Central Union ex- 
change at Columbus was taken over by 
the Columbus Citizens Telephone Company, 
which now operates there. 



A. J. 



Illinois Division 

Parsons, Correspondent. 
Springfield 



Miss Elizabeth Mallon, toll operator, has 
been promoted to service observer. 

Miss Margaret McGurk, toll operator, 
has been promoted to instructor. 

Miss Alma Highshoe, traffic chief, has 
resigned to marry B. M. Meranda. 

Miss Helen Gaffigan, service observer, 
has been promoted to traffic chief. 

Miss Julia Waters, 
local supervisor, has 
been promoted to local 
chief operator, suc- 
ceeding Miss Nellie 
Connell, who has been 
appointed assistant 
traffic chief. 

Misses Ida Seigel, 
Clara Burman, N. Wil- 
liams and Mary Key, 
local operators, have 
been promoted to local 
supervisors. 

Miss Julia Waters, 
chief operator, has re- 
turned from her vaca- 
tion. Miss Waters vis- 
ited in St. Louis and 
Louisville, Ky: 

Miss Margie Jen- 
nings, evening chief 
operator, recently 
spent several days in 
Kansas City. 

Miss Essie Hall, toll 
chief operator, has re- 
turned from a' three weeks' trip through 
the East. Miss Hall visited Akron, sev- 
eral other places in Ohio, Atlantic City, 
N. J., New York, and Portland, Me. 

Miss Nellie Connell, assistant traffic 
chief, has returned from her vacation, 
which was spent in Washington, D. C, 
Virginia, Maryland, New York City, Ni- 
agara Falls, and Detroit. 

Miss Edna Dant has returned from her 
vacation. She spent two weeks in Deca- 
tur. 

Miss Mary Hending has returned from 
a three weeks' leave of absence, which 
was spent in Rockford and Chicago. 

Miss Marie Baugh has accepted a posi^ 
tion as clerk in the local manager's office. 

The following have accepted positions 
as operators : Misses Pearl Burt, Pansy 
Hickey, Ruth Stephens, Helen Ford, Gen- 
evieve Harney, Mary Fox, Mary Mayfield, 
Catherine Franks, Anna Logue and Hazel 
Emmerson. 

Misses Mayme Tierney and May C. 
Doyle of the local manager's office have 
returned from their vacations. 

Miss Joe Keefe, pay station attendant 
in the manager's office, spent the week end 
of October 6th in Chicago. 



Springfield District 

Miss Mary Mcintosh has accepted the 
position of toll evening chief operator, suc- 
ceeding Miss Alice Velie. 



Centralia District 

Miss Helen Morgan has accepted a po- 
sition as local operator at Centralia. 

Miss Grace Collins has accepted a posi- 
tion as local operator at Centralia. 

Scott Ray has accepted a position as toll 
repairman at Centralia. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



5 



Miss Xelle Blanchard, collector at Cen- 
tralia, has returned from a visit to St. 
Louis. 

Miss Marica Thomas, collector at Cen- 
tralia, has returned from a week's vaca- 
tion spent at Decatur, Bloomington and 
Springfield. 

Michael Heidler, toll repairman at Cen- 
tralia, left on September 19th for mili- 
tary training at Camp Taylor, Ky., with 
the First Company, 326th Machine Gun 
Battalion. 



Galesburg District 

Miss Maud Haggenjos has been trans- 
ferred to Rockford as traffic chief of the 
new exchange at Camp Grant. 

L. H. Harlow has been transferred to 
Springfield as toll line testman. 

W. C. Shields, toll line repairman at 
Galva, and family spent a recent Sunday 
with W. E. Pickering and called at the 
Galesburg exchange. 

Frank Asplund, cableman, spent his va- 
cation with relatives in Rock Island. 

D. S. Barnstead, commercial agent at 
Galesburg for the past three years, has re- 
signed and moved to Denver. Colo., to 
accept a position with the Sinclair Oil 
Company. 

James Conaty, plant chief, Galesburg, 
has been assisting the plant superintendent 
with the work in the Centralis district. 

Fred Fisher, toll line repairman at 
Galesburg. has resigned and moved to 
Rock Island. 

W. J. McQuiston, manager of the Mon- 
mouth Telephone Company for the past 
fifteen years, has resigned and will take a 
well-earned rest of several months. 

Fred Xorris, formerly plant chief at 
Monmouth, has been appointed manager 
to succeed Mr. McQuiston, resigned. Mr. 
Norris is a first-class telephone man and 
a genial fellow and is sure to be successful 
in his new position. 



Paris District 

Miss Xina Blair, night operator at 
Paris, has resigned and been succeeded by 
Miss Kathleen Preston. 

Miss Bernice Hunt of Mattoon has ac- 
cepted a position as local operator. 

Hill Moss, manager at Charleston, has 
returned from a two weeks' stay at French 
Lick Springs, Ind. 

Miss Florence Sissell, night operator at 
Kansas, was married on September 16th 
to Oliver Water, telegraph operator at 
Nokomis. Mrs. James Chapman has suc- 
ceeded Miss Sissell. 

Miss Inez Hogshead has accepted a po- 
sition as relief operator at Kansas. 

Miss Mabel Laughead, bookkeeper at 
Kansas, recently spent two weeks' vacation 
at Terre Haute and Petersburg, Ind. 

Peoria District 

Private branch exchanges have recently 
been installed in Peoria as follows: Mayer 
Hotel, two trunks, switchboard and 173 



sub-stations ; L. M. Disney, two trunks, 
switchboard and ten sub-stations ; Peoria 
Dry Goods Company, one trunk, switch- 
board and seven sub-stations. 

T. E. Keltner, construction foreman at 
Kankakee, died there on Friday, August 
31st. Mr. Keltner started with the com- 
pany on September 3, 1894, at Upper San- 
dusky, O., working as a groundman, and 
later as a lineman. He came to Illinois 
in 1897 and after working as lineman in 
a construction gang for a short period, was 
made assistant foreman and a little later 
foreman. Shortly after his appointment as 
foreman the state was divided into con- 
struction districts and Mr. Keltner was 
appointed foreman of the Jacksonville dis- 
trict. When this district was abolished he 
was transferred to Decatur as city fore- 
man and later became chief inspector. He 
remained in Decatur for several years and 
was transferred to Peoria as chief in- 
spector in 1906. With the change of or- 
ganization in 1911 his position was changed 
from chief inspector to plant chief, which 
position he filled until March 1, 1917, when 
he was transferred to the construction 
department, assuming charge of a con- 
struction gang at Kankakee, and held this 
position at the time of his death. The 
body was taken to Upper Sandusky, O., 
and the funeral was held there on Tues- 
day, September 3d. A beautiful floral 
piece was sent by the employes of the Peo- 
ria exchange. Mr. Keltner is survived by 
his widow, his father and one brother, 
Clyde Keltner, of Fostoria, O. 

George C. Brandes, assignment clerk at 
Peoria, has gone to Camp Dodge, Des 
Moines, Iowa, with the second contingent 
of 400 men. George's many friends among 
the employes of the Peoria exchange as- 
sembled at the Main exchange building on 
September 17th to bid him farewell. He 
did not report at the gathering, according 
to the arrangements, and it was necessary 
to send an escort of four men to appre- 
hend him. The employes presented him 
with a wrist watch, one dozen pairs of 
woolen hose, an army shirt, and a woolen 
vest, which will come in mighty handy in 
the cold days to come, as it can be worn 
underneath the blouse. George was very 
appreciative of the attitude shown by his 
co-workers and left Peoria with the de- 
termination to win recognition by meri- 
torious service in behalf of his country. 
He has been assigned to Company H, 
349th Infantry, and has the best wishes 
of every one in the Peoria district. 

Miss Ellen Venell, clerk in the commer- 
cial department at Peoria, has resigned 
and been succeeded by Miss Clarabellc 
Calkins. 



Quincy District 

Miss Helen Fuhrman, local supervisor, 
was recently married to T. McPheeters, 
who was here on a furlough from the 
Battleship Kansas. Mrs. McPheeters will 
continue in the service. When her hus- 
band returned to duty, he was given a 



rousing send-off at the station by many 
of the operators and other friends. 

Miss Sadie Sweney recently entertained 
the toll operators at her home by giving 
a miscellaneous shower for her sister Lil- 
lian. Card games were played and a very 
pleasant evening was spent. 

Miss Lillian Sweney, toll operator, was * 
recently married to O. Kosyan. Mr. and 
Mrs. Kosyan went to St. Louis on their 
wedding trip and will live in Quincy. 

Miss Beulah Rusta, local operator, was 
married recently to A. Wright of Mendon. 
Mr. and Mrs. Wright will live on a farm 
near Mendon, 111. 

Miss Agnes Heckenkamp, toll clerk in 
the Quincy exchange, died Saturday, Oc- 
tober 13th, of cerebral hemorrhage, after 
an illness dating from last March. Miss 
Heckenkamp was born in Quincy on Feb- 
ruary 27, 1894, and entered the service of 
the Central Union Telephone Company as 
pay station attendant on May 1, 1910. In 
1913 she was transferred to the toll de- 
partment as an operator. In August, 1914, 
she became toll clerk, filling that position 
until March, when she was obliged to re- 
main at home on account of failing health. 
Agnes endeared herself to all of the em- 
ployes by her sunny and cheerful disposi- 
tion, was a leader in all their pleasures and 
will be greatly missed by all her friends. 

Miss Rilla Eames, local operator, has 
resigned and joined the ranks of the war 
brides. She was married on October 2d 
in Brookfield, Mo., to R. Hawks. He has 
reported for duty, and Mrs. Hawks will 
live with her parents in Quincy. 

About twenty operators, local and toll, 
enjoyed a moonlight hayrack party not 
long ago. They rode out to South Park, 
roasted weiners over a huge bonfire and 
had the time of their young lives. 

Miss Alma Goetsche, local operator, has 
resigned to accept a position with the Chi- 
cago Telephone Company. 

Miss Edyth Winter, cashier at the 
Quincy exchange, spent a week in Chicago 
attending the forty-third annual session of 
the Eastern Star of Illinois. She served 
on a committee during the three days' ses- 
sion and saw the sights of the big city. 

Quincy has two more new toll circuits, 
one coming from St. Louis on the south 
and one from Chicago on the east. 

Preston P. Denton, repairman, has re- 
signed to accept a position with the Elec- 
tric Wheel Company. Earl Rigg, formerly 
manager at Camp Point, has succeeded 
him. 

Albert J. Heckenkamp, formerly a clerk 
for Foreman Banta. has accented a position 
in the plant department as installer. 

Rockford District 

Although friends and fellow employes 
of Miss Erma Kelly knew she had been 
eranted a short leave of absence, they were 
very mwh surprised to read the announce- 
ment of her marriage in Chicago to Wal- 
ter Schmidt of Rockford. Mrs. Schmidt 
will continue as chief operator until spring. 

V— 



BELl/TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



The entire force extend their best wishes. 

Lieutenant A. A. Langlund, formerly 
with the construction department of the 
Chicago Telephone Company, was a re- 
cent visitor at the Rockford exchange. He 
is now with the machine gun company, 
First Illinois Infantry, stationed at Camp 
Grant, Rockford, prior to its departure for 
Houston, Tex. 



Bowling at Rockford 

On October 5th the 'Answering Jacks" 
and "Multiples" of Rockford clashed in a 
three-game bowling match, the former 
taking their rivals into camp by the score 
of 1883 to 1781. The "Multiples" take 
consolation in the fact that their con- 
querors called in two reserves. 

The members of these teams are from 
the Western Electric Company, Chicago, 
and working in the Rockford exchange. 



Answerinj 



THE SCORES 
Jacks 



Janousek (lgame) 





Multiples. 




386 




. 347 


371 


Douglas 


. . 321 


453 


Sehollenberg^r 




230 






199 


Whiteside 


418 


148 






96 




1781 



1883 



Rock Island District 

Miss Sarah Gibson, stenographer in the 
plant chief's office, has resigned to accept 
a similar position at the Rock Island arse- 
nal. Her friends all wish Sarah good luck 
in her new position. Miss Lillian Paulsen 
has succeeded her. 

Lyle Reynolds, toll testman at Rock 
Island, has been called to service in the 
new national army. He is at present in 
training at Camp Dodge, Des Moines, 
Iowa. All the boys were at the depot to 
see him off and wish him luck. 

C. E. Wood, Neil Wilcox and L. H. 
Harlow, employes of the Galesburg ex- 
change, were recent visitors at the Rock 
Island exchange. 

C. G. Abbott, wire chief at Rock Island, 
spent his vacation in Quincy visiting rela- 
tives. 

Miss Mildred Miller, chief operator at 
Rock Island, spent a very enjoyable vaca- 
tion with friends in Waterloo, Iowa. 

A. K. Fox, cable repairman at Rock 
Island, spent his vacation camping and fish- 
ing on Rock River. 

Daniel Smith, commercial agent at Mo- 
line, spent his vacation at Spirit Lake, 
Towa. 

The following private branch exchanges 
have recently been installed: Peoples 
Power Company, three trunks and four- 
teen stations ; Stone and Webster Engi- 
neering Corporation, three trunks and nine 
stations ; Thomas Dunn Sons Hardware 
Company, two trunks and five stations ; 
Victor Storage Battery Company, one 
trunk and five stations ; Rock Island arse- 
nal, three trunks and seven stations. 

Frank Willhite, repairman at Rock Is- 
land, has returned to work after being 

—IT 



absent since last June on account of an 

accident. 

H. D. Burke has accepted a position as 
night switchboardman at the Rock Island 

exchange. 

Wilmar Vermillion has accepted a posi- 
tion as repairman at the Moline exchange. 

Harvey Navin, formerly with the Postal 
Telegraph Company, has accepted a posi- 
tion as frameman at Rock Island. 

Miss Winifred Blythe, local operator at 
Rock Island, resigned recently to be mar- 
ried. 

Miss Clara Shean, local operator at Rock 
Island, has resigned to accept a position 
with the Modern Woodman. 

Misses Elsie and Freida Paul, local op- 
erators at Rock Island, have resigned to 
accept positions at the Rock Island arsenal. 

Miss Sophie Brown has accepted a posi- 
tion with the Daniel Hayes Company as 
private branch exchange operator. 

Miss Greta Graham recently entertained 
a number of the Central Union employes 
at her home. Christy McAfee, a former 
employe of the company, who enlisted in 
the Marine Corps and has been in training 
during the summer, was the guest of honor. 
A good time was enjoyed by all. 

Miss Alpha Hartman has accepted a 
position as local operator at the Rock Is- 
land office. 

Misses Marvel Rutherford, Veda John- 
son and Velma Bender are among the new 
employes at Rock Island. 

Miss Alice Chandler has accepted a po- 
sition with the Rock Island Sash and Door 
Works. 

Miss Margaret Dingeldein, toll operator 
at Rock Island, has resigned to take a 
stenographic course. 

Misses Helen Nylin and Myrtle Shean 
have been transferred to the Rockford 
exchange. 

Miss Nellie McFall, local operator at 
East Moline, has been complaining of a 
lame arm, but cannot give any reason for 
it. The operators at that exchange think 
she sprained her wrist playing her new 
ukulele. 

Ralph Ellinghouse, testman at East Mo- 
line, spent his vacation with his relatives 
at Bellevue, Iowa. 

Miss Sybil Esping, chief clerk at East 
Moline, spent her vacation in Chicago gaz- 
ing at the tall buildings. She has com- 
plained several times since of a stiff neck. 

Miss Edna Peterson, local operator at 
East Moline, has resigned to attend Au- 
gustana College. 

Miss Sadie Hendricks, chief operator at 
East Moline, reports a very enjoyable va- 
cation. 

Miss Bernice Giesler has accepted a po- 
sition as night chief operator at East 
Moline. 

Miss Hazel Kerr, local operator at Mo- 
line, died on September 20th, after an 
illness of many weeks. 

Miss Mabel Swanson, chief operator at 
Moline, spent a two weeks' vacation with 



friends in Detroit, Mich., Chicago and 
Rockford, 111. 

During the summer the telephone girls 
at Moline had a boat excursion and very 
generously donated $28 of the proceeds 
to the Red Cross chapter. 

Miss Ellen Aft is a new employe at the 
Moline office. 

Miss Anna Peska, local operator at Ster- 
ling, has resigned and her position has 
been filled by Miss Marie Bongartz. 

Miss Lillie Wigun, local operator at Ster- 
ling, has resigned to accept the position 
of chief operator for the Interstate Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Company of Sterling. 
Miss Marie Stroben has succeeded her. 

Miss Helen Eberhardt, local operator at 
Sterling, has resigned and her position has 
been filled by Miss Grace Newton. 

Miss Leona Peters, local operator at 
Sterling, has resigned and her position has 
been filled by Miss Leah Johnson. 

E. K. Purdey, cable repairman at Ster- 
ling, was severely injured on September 
8th by falling from a pole. 

E. F. Hage, repairman at Sterling, has 
resigned and entered the employ of the 
Cincinnati and Suburban Bell Telephone 
Company at Cincinnati. 

A number of the Sterling operating 
force visited the new exchange of the 
Dixon Home Telephone Company during 
its recent "open house" and report large 
crowds of interested telephone subscribers 
to whom the telephone guides showed ev- 
ery courtesy. Favors were given each 
visitor. 



Americans Have Great Lead in 
Inventive Genius 

In an interesting article on the Patent 
Office at Washington by Garrett P. Serviss, 
the Chicago American says: 

"The United States almost balances half 
the rest of the world in invention ! Here 
are the statistics : From the beginning of 
the patenting system until December 31, 
1915, our Patent Office issued 1,176,375 
patents for new inventions, and during the 
same space of time the patents issued by 
all the other countries of the earth com- 
bined numbered 2,605,214. France stands 
next to us with 508,448 patents. Then 
come Great Britain with 503.848, Ger- 
many with 306,510, Belgium with 277,311, 
Canada with 170,280, and Italy and Sar- 
dinia with 134,151. All the others fall be- 
low 100,000, and most of them far below. 
Tiny Liberia, true to her American origin, 
has two patents listed — two little candle 
lights in Africa; the Bahamas have two, 
St. Helena, where Napoleon departed, has 
four, and the Fiji Islands have forty-seven. 
The number credited to Japan is 28,722. 
During 1916 alone the United States is- 
sued 43,970 patents." 



Through the Transom 

Subscriber having difficulty in hearing 
the operator : "Operator, I don't hear you ; 
please speak through your transom." 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



7 



What Food Control Really Means 

By James H. Collins, 
Editor, Trade, and Technical Press Section, 
United States Food Administration. 

Speaking recently at a meeting of state 
food commissioners and his personal staff, 
Herbert A. Hoover gave a striking expla- 
nation of the part that food control plays 
in war. 

He said that European nations went into 
the war giving little thought to the sub- 
ject of food. Even Germany with all its 
preparations had not foreseen the signifi- 
cance of this factor. With millions of 
men taken from production, and thousands 
of square miles of fertile fields laid waste 
by armies, the wprld's cupboard quickly 
began developing a bareness like that of 
Mother Hubbard. Country after country 
went to the cupboard to get a bone, and 
found a climinished supply. 

This made it necessary to organize food 
supply and distribution, and the various 
countries tried various methods. They 
fixed maximum prices, and minimum 
prices, regulated the production and dis- 
tributing trades, and put their people on 
rations. Those countries which estab- 
lished the earliest and best methods of 
food control secured the greatest effi- 
ciency in war. The best system, on the 
whole, is still that of Germany, and she 
has been able to maintain efficiency with 
a food supply which in some of her enemy 
countries might be most embarrassing. 
Russia, with perhaps the greatest possi- 
bilities of food production in Europe, did 
nothing at all, and out of Russia's food 
situation grew her revolution. 

Mr. Hoover said, that whether we like 
it or not, we must deal with the food 
problem of war in one of two ways. There 
is not enough food to go around if we stick 
to the lavish methods of peace times. Ris- 
ing prices, coupled with depreciation of 
money, due to issues of war bonds in 
every country, which make the purchasing 
power of money shrink, compel us to ad- 
just the food supply to the world's appe- 
tite, either by controlling that supply in 
ways that lead to economy and make it 
suffice, or by letting wages rise as prices 
rise, to keep pace roughly with fluctua- 
tions. Even an amateur economist can see 
at a glance that food control is better than 
wage increase, because wage increase is 
a crude force operating slowly, unevenly 
and with great injustice and suffering to 
millions of workers. The wages of many 
workers do not rise — the professional 
men, clerical workers, public employes, 
and so forth. Russia tried the experiment 
of letting wages adjust themselves to the 
diminishing food supply, and it did not 
work. Russia was brought to a state bor- 
dering on anarchy by the intolerable pres- 
sure of the food situation on the ordinary 
peaceful citizen. 

Therefore, whether we like it or not — 
this is a favorite phrase of the food ad- 
ministrator, and typifies the impersonal 



attitude he takes toward these great eco- 
nomic problems — whether we like it or not, 
we must meet the food situation in one 
way or the other, and food control seems 
to be the lesser of two evils. 

This viewpoint explains most of the 
work thus far done by the United States 
food administration. From August 10th, 
when President Wilson signed the food 
law, until today, much of the work of the 
food administration has centered upon the 
organization of food control machinery. 
The farmer, the grain man, the miller, the 
baker, the packer, the grocer, the whole- 
saler and retailer, the traveling salesman 
and the canned goods broker, have gone to 
Washington in bodies representing the best 
men and the best minds in their respective 
trades, and have conferred there, not only 
with the food administrator himself, but 
with leading men in their own lines who 
are acting as volunteers on the food ad- 
ministration. Sometimes they have gone 
with fear in their hearts, or resentment 
at the prospect of government interference 
in their business affairs. But there is 
something in Washington which quickly 
dissipates fear and resentment, and leads 
these men to offer their unanimous support 
to food control measures. 

"Whether we like it or not" they are 
told, "this is the situation. Business cannot 
go on as usual in war times because the 
law of supply and demand is thrown out 
of operation. These are the conditions, and 
here is the only remedy that has been 
found in countries with greater expe'rience 
in war than we have yet had. What do 
you think about it, gentlemen?" 

What the business men think is shown 
in every case by their action in recognizing 
the necessity for food control. They have 
promised their patriotic co-operation, and 
are readjusting their trade organization 
and methods for loyal support of food 
administration policies. 

With sensible food control it is possible 
to handle the other two outstanding prob- 
lems of food supply in war. One is in- 
creased production and the other is eco- 
nomical use of food. With stable prices, 
absence of speculation, and the temporary 
surrender of individual trade advantages, 
the farmer can have an assurance of prices 
ample enough to encourage larger planting 
and live stock raising. And by these same 
safeguards, thrown round the food supply, 
the consumer is made willing to economize 
in food, and is also able to purchase the 
necessities of life at prices which are at 
least reasonable, and what is more im- 
portant do not suffer wild fluctuations. 

This is food control in a nut shell. 
Whatever fear or hostility there may be 
in the country over food control arises en- 
tirely from misunderstanding of what food 
control really means, why it is necessary 
and how it is being carried out. In no case 
does this feeling persist after real food 
control has been explained. 



A Portable Telephone 

A forest officer of Missoula, Mont., has 
invented a very ingenious portable tele- 
phone, weighing only two and a half pounds 
and so practical that it has been adopted 
by the government and is part of the regu- 
lar equipment of patrol in the national for- 
ests this season. 

It is said that a field man equipped with 
this telephone, a few yards of light 
emergency wire, and a short piece of heavy 
wire to make the ground connection, can 
"cut in" anywhere along the more than 
20,000 miles of forest service telephone lines 
and get in touch with the headquarters of 
a supervisor or district ranger. To talk, 
one end of the emergency wire is thrown 
over the telephone line, the two ends are 
connected to the portable instrument, and 
the instrument is connected to the ground 
wire, the end of which must be thrust into 
the damp earth or into water. Contact with 
the line wire is made possible by removal of 
the insulation from a few inches of the 
emergency wire. 

The instrument does not ring the bell 
of the receiving telephone, but, instead, 
causes a screeching sound from a small 
megaphone-shaped apparatus descriptively 
known as a "howler." This instrument is 
installed at the ranger station telephone 
and is said to give effective notice that 
someone is on the wire. The transmission 
is equal to any standard wall telephone, con- 
versations having been held with it for a 
distance of 1,000 miles. — E. L. G., in St. 
Nicholas. 



Salute the Flag 

Workman and president, clerk and the rest, 

Citizens all when the colors fly; 
Baring your head with your hand on your 
breast, 

Stand and salute as the Flag goes by ! 

Symbol of liberty, honor, and love; 

Crimson and silver, blue as the sky ; 
Spangled with stars like the heavens 
above, 

Stand and salute as the Flag goes by! 

Reddened with blood which your fore- 
fathers shed, 
Whitened with tears from many an eye; 
Badge of your motherland, cloak for your 
dead ; 

Stand and salute as the Flag goes by! — 
Chicago Tribune. 



No, Sir! 

William Penn had just completed his 
real estate transactions with the Indians. 

"Now that thou hast the territory, friend 
William," quoth a companion, "what willst 
thou do with it?" 

"Raise Quaker oats," came the prompt 
reply. 

Flour wasn't $19.50 a barrel in those 
days. — Cleveland Plain Dealer. 

U— 



8 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



Telephone Operator Saves a 
Family 

From Public Service. 

The public hears so often of a telephone 
operator performing some deed of heroism 
that maybe it becomes a little indifferent 
to such things. But it should not. Such 
deeds, for example, as the following are 
often done at the risk of a life— a life is 
saved at such a hazard — and these are not 
things to be lightly passed over. 

The Atlanta Georgian gives this splendid 
account of the incident: 

"Miss Lillian Coody, popular telephone 
operator at East Point, is wearing the lau- 
rels of a heroine, for it was by her prompt 
action and presence of mind that Dr. C. H. 
Jewell, Mrs. Jewell and their child were 
saved from probable cremation when their 
handsome bungalow in Church street, East 
Point, was destroyed by fire shortly before 
daybreak. 

"Miss Coody, who was awakened in her 
home next to the Jewell bungalow by a 
glare in her bedroom, rushed out as the 
rear of the bungalow was caving in, and 
as the remainder of the roof was burning 
fiercely. Telephoning an alarm to the East 
Point fire department, Miss Coody hur- 
riedly gave her attention to the Jewell fam- 
ily, awakening them and aiding them in 
getting out of the burning house just as 
the roof was about to fall. The fire had 
gained such headway that the saving of any 
of the furnishings or other valuables was 
out of the question, Miss Coody getting the 
family themselves out just in time. 

"The fire department, in response to the 
telephone girl's call, was on the scene 
within a few minutes, but it then was too 
late to save the bungalow. The flames al- 
ready were seriously menacing the adjacent 
houses, and the firemen directed their at- 
tention to these. By hard work the fire 
was confined to the Jewell bungalow." 



Clean Kitchen, Dishes and Cook- 
ing Utensils 

These are of vital importance. Recent 
investigations with subsequent rigid en- 
forcement of sanitary precautions in public 
eating places by the health department have 
brought to light surprising conditions of 
uncleanliness and various abuses in the 
selection and preparation of food. 

These are being corrected by proper reg- 
ulation. A great lesson should be drawn 
from the results and applied at home. It 
is probably true that the care and prepara- 
tion of food in the average home kitchen 
is quite satisfactory; but there are many 
little points in cleanliness which are often 
carelessly overlooked. 

The kitchen floor is the one more ex- 
posed to dirt and contamination than per- 
haps any other floor in the home. There 
is more or less constant traffic over it and 
tradespeople frequently enter direct from 
the street, bringing in all varieties of ref- 
use — especially during bad weather. Of 
course these floors are carefully scrubbed 
— u 



at intervals, but in between such times they 
are usually dry swept. 

A broom, employed for vigorous dry 
sweeping of the floor, is about the worst 
thing to have in the kitchen. Dust, al- 
though often imperceptible, thus rises and 
settles upon everything — tables, chairs, 
cooking utensils and dishes, even though 
some precaution is observed — and upon 
food, whether prepared or unprepared, 
which is usually about the room. In place 
of the sweeping, a mopping with good hot 
or boiling water is far better as a cleansing 
agent, as well as being a preventive against 
spreading dust and contaminating matter. 
All persons before entering this room 
should clean their shoes upon a mat placed 
in a convenient position for that purpose. 

The kitchen should never he "dusted." A 
moist cloth must be used in going over 
furniture, walls, wood work, etc. — Ameri- 
can M edicine. 



The Use of Slang 

Within the last decade, the use of dis- 
torted hyperbolic idioms, even by per- 
sons supposedly well versed in the use of 
our mother tongue, has become quite the 
vogue. Now as our language has reached 
its present state of refined development 
only after many generations of unceasing 
toil by such philological giants as Chaucer, 
Shakespeare, Johnson, Lamb, and our own 
Hawthorne, Irving and Poe, it seems an 
act of sacrilege for a mob of highbrows 
to be putting the bee on a line of regular 
chatter. 

Of course, the use of these idiomatic 
expressions is merely a habit, but withal, 
a most reprehensible one. Newcomers 
to our shores, strangers to the land of 
liberty, 'often experience considerable diffi- 
culty in understanding some of the foolish 
lingo handed out by some of our hard- 
boiled specialists. But some of these latter 
birds are so inoculated with this method 
of expression that it fairly permeates their 
every sentence — every time they open 
their mush they stick their walkover in it. 

These strangers, flung into the melting 
pot of metropolitan life, speedily get hep 
to this vocabulary of the dip, come-on and 
shake-down, and it is but a short time 
when they, too, are capable of slinging a 
iine of con that has your constant patron 
of baseball pulling a fadeaway. 

The dames are the babies that know 
how to spread that stuff. These daughters 
of Eve perpetrate this native outrage with 
astonishing ease and facility; it is a sort 
of second nature to them ; they wield the 
bleacher talk with the same dexterity as 
the powder puff. 

Undoubtedly this pernicious practice is 
undermining our industrial and civil life; 
putting the kibosh on the dough-getting as 
it were. Perspicacious employers will re- 
fuse employment to a man or woman 
whose mode of expression savors strongly 
of that region known as "back of the 
yards." Any gasabo that articulates as 



though he was brung up where most of 
our fodder gets the go-by, stands about as 
much chance of making a soft lay as Bill 
Bryan has of hitting the White House 
hill on high — you know — of getting 
enough fall-guys to name him High Mogul 
of the little old U. S. A. 

The vast 'number of inflections con- 
tained in our language should enable even 
the most illiterate to express themselves, 
after they have said a trunkful, without 
resorting to the exigencies of the ungram- 
matical slang. 

Fellow citizens, you've got to chop that 
stuff. Our national life is deteriorating 
fast enough without a mob of dock la- 
borers disguised as gentlemen, and a flock 
of spearmint masticators chewing a line 
of fat that would make Chuck Connors 
macerate his cranium. 

Teachers should reprehend the children, 
not directly, but indirectly by use of 
striking examples of faultless English 
clearly enunciated. Mothers should wise 
the kids to cut it out. 

This deleterious practice must be extir- 
pated, root and branch. Sand your track, 
you're slipping. — E. S. B., in the Edison 
Round Table Monthly. 



Telephones on Moving Trains 

"If the series of tests about to be carried 
out by the Public Service Company of 
Northern Illinois in respect to the use of 
wireless telephones for load dispatching 
prove satisfactory, it is quite likely that 
one set will be installed in the system op- 
erator's office at Joliet, 111., generating sta- 
tion, and another will be placed in the 
company's generating station at Blue 
Island, 111.," says the Wireless Age. 

It is hoped to use the instruments to 
facilitate load dispatching in the event of 
any emergency that may be occasioned by 
failure of the company's private metallic- 
circuit line. Two wireless telephone sets 
suitable for communicating between , sta- 
tions 150 miles apart have been purchased 
and are being tested with the cooperation 
of the United States navy department. 

While it is thoroughly understood that 
the government will not permit the use 
of wireless telegraph and telephone equip- 
ments except under its own supervision, 
these tests are being made to determine its 
practicability when conditions will permit 
its use. The probable extensions of the 
service are commented upon in the Elec- 
trical World as follows : 

"If the unit proves practicable in these 
locations, their use will probably be ex- 
tended to other important switching cen- 
ters. The use of the radio telephone 
rather than the wireless telegraph was 
favored by the enginering department of 
the public service of northern Illinois be- 
cause the instruments can be used without 
a knowledge of the continental Morse code 
and because it is possible to transmit mes- 
sages with greater speed by telephone than 
by telegraph." 



BELL TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Thirty-Fifth Birthday of Incan- 
descent Light 

A New York electrical anniversary was 
celebrated recently at the Electrical Ex- 
position at Grand Central Palace. Thirty- 
five years ago the first incandescent light 
was installed in New York and a bronze 
tablet, on view at the exposition, will be 
erected at 257 Pearl street, which housed 
the original generating plant. 

The bas relief shows the interior of the 
old station, with six generators to serve a 
territory one mile in area and to provide 
1,000 lamps. The power plant that has 
succeeded it supplies to Manhattan an 
equivalent of 15,000,000 lamps. Forty-five 
cents will buy as much of this electricity 
now as $7.50 would thirty-five years ago. 
Thomas A. Edison supervised the building 
of the original power plant, and when the 
pressure of work was great he slept on a 
pile of material in the building. 

In reviewing the progress of electricity 
in New York, Arthur Williams, president 
of the exposition, said that one of the 
greatest services was to do away with the 
heavy work in the home. Electricity had 
emancipated women from household 
drudgery in the cities. In the present 
exposition there was an electric laundry 
and kitchen in which all the laborious 
work was done by motor. 

One of the military features of the show 
is the exhibit of the Signal Corps, in 
charge of three experts in straight arm 
signalinp. They are Sergeant Joseph R. 
Donath and Corporals Brandon and Bor- 
den, stationed at Fort Wood, Bedloe's 
Island. A contest in signaling, open to 
teams of three men from the various 
branches of the service, including the navy 
and the Naval Reserve, will be held next 
Wednesday afternoon. The transmitting 
signal men will be on the roof of the 
Grand Central Palace, and the receivers 
and recorders on the roof of buildings 
within a third of a mile radius. — New 
York Times, October 13, 1917. 



The Banner of the Red Cross 

"A standard, or flag, represents not only 
the patriotism and strength, but also the 
sentiment or thought of the nation. These 
emblems have existed from the most re- 
mote periods, and have always exercised 
a powerful influence upon mankind. In 
the time of Moses, 1491 B. C, the He- 
brews had their standards ; Solomon 
hoisted the standard of the Lion in Jeru- 
salem, upon which was inscribed the senti- 
ment, 'Rise, Lord, let Thine enemies be 
dispersed, and let those that hate Thee 
flee before Thee.' Romulus, when lie 
founded Rome, adopted on his standard 
the image of a she-wolf (his reputed fos- 
ter-mother), combined with the eagle of 
Jupiter, which was the emblem of his 
senate. Mahomet selected a green stand- 
ard, which is always preserved with the 
greatest veneration, enveloped in four 



coverings of green taffeta; inclosed in a 
case of green cloth, and only on occasions 
of extreme danger is this sacred symbol 
taken from its place of deposit. His de- 
vout followers believe it was brought 
down from heaven by the angel Gabriel. 

"A well-known United States senator, 
returning from a prolonged tour in foreign 
lands in 1878, said : 'I have seen the glo- 
ries of art and architecture, and mountain 
and river. I have seen the sunset on the 
Jungfrau, and the full moon rise on Mount 
Blanc, but the fairest vision on which these 
eyes ever looked was the flag of my coun- 
try in a foreign land — beautiful as a 
flower to those who love it, and terrible 
as a meteor to those who hate it. It is 
the symbol of the power and glory and the 
honor of 50,000,000 of Americans.' 

"But, after all, one of the most glorious 
of flags is the banner of the Red Cross. 
An international public conference was 
called at Geneva, Switzerland, in 1863. At 
this time, a treaty was drawn up and 
signed by representatives of twenty-five 
different governments, which provided for 
the neutrality of all sanitary supplies, am- 
bulances, surgeons, nurses, attendants, sick 
or wounded men, and their safe conduct 
when they bear the banner of the Red 
Cross. Largely through the influence and 
perseverance of Miss Clara Barton, our 
government was induced, eventually, to in- 
struct its proper representative to sign the 
treaty. As a compliment to Switzerland, 
the association adopted as its banner the 
colors of the Swiss flag, reversed, the red 
cross on a white ground. The flag is held 
sacred by all civilized nations of the world. 
In the fiercest battle no shot is ever aimed 
at this symbol. It protects alike castle 
or cottage, friend or foe. It insures safe 
conduct to all transports in an enemy's 
country. Under this banner social distinc- 
tions are abolished. The proudest rulers 
of the kingdoms of the earth bow with 
respect and submission to this banner, the 
universal representative of man's human- 
ity to man and the harbinger of the time 
when all nations shall 'beat their swords 
into plowshares and their spears into 
pruning-hooks, and learn war no more.' " 

NOTE: This article was written years 
ago when it was believed that the Red Cross 
flag was "held sacred by all civilized na- 
tions of the world." Subsequent events 
have proven that one nation, at least, in 
this respect, as well as in others, is outside 
the pale of civilization. 



Are You on Time? 

Caesar's delay in reading a message cost 
him his life when he reached the senate 
house. 

Alexander the Great was asked how he 
conquered the world. He answered quick- 
ly, "By being on time and not delaying." 

Franklin said to a servant who was al- 
ways late, but always ready with an ex- 
cuse: "I have generally found that the 
man who was good at an excuse is good 
for nothing else." 

Grouchy failed to be on the job, the im- 
perial guard was licked, Waterloo was lost. 



Napoleon was yanked off a prisoner to the 
rock at an early age — all because one of his 
generals was behind time. 

The grand old man of Regent street, 
William Ewart Gladstone, was an early 
riser. One of our greatest retailers has 
this for one of his favorite sayings : "The 
better the tardy man's excuse, the worse 
the reason." 

Peter the Great always rose as the little 
stars were fading from the sky; so did 
Alfred the Great. In the small hours of 
the morning Columbus planned his voyage 
of discovery. Napoleon planned his great 
campaign in the early morning hours. 
Copernicus was an early riser. Bryant rose 
at five, Bancroft at dawn. — John Miles, in 
System. 



Telephone Operating in Japan 

Contrast between the telephone methods 
of the United States and of Japan has been 
marked in many respects, but in nothing, 
perhaps, is the difference more pronounced 
than in the provision for "the most impor- 
tant unit in the telephone system," the 
operator. 

In the rest rooms of Japan the operators 
are not furnished with chairs, but sit upon 
the floor, and the long reading table is so 
low that it looks like a bench just raised 
off the floor. It is plenty high enough 
though for convenience in resting a book 
there while one sits on the floor to read. 
Doubtless this is far more comfortable to 
the little operators of Japan than the rest- 
ful chairs where our operators find their 
relaxation could possibly be, for custom in 
Japan has made the floor a sufficiently com- 
fortable substitute for chairs. 

In the operating room, however, where 
the American telephone engineers have 
planned for the operators' comfort and 
convenience to the smallest detail, the Jap- 
anese authorities seem to have given little 
heed to this form of efficiency. The Jap- 
anese operators sit on stools without backs. 
Sometimes these stools are like the plain 
wooden counter stools used in American 
stores ; sometimes they are topped with 
plush, but apparently there is no provision 
for regulating the height to suit the stature 
of the operator. — The Telephone Review. 



A Pittsburgh Local 

Pittsburgh Man (telephoning to Long 
Island from New York) — -"Ten cents? 
Why, in Pittsburgh we can telephone to 
Hades for a nickel." 

Central — "But this is a long distance 
call." — Pitt Panther. 



Information Desired 

The lecturer had been describing some 
of the sights he had seen abroad. 

"There are some spectacles," he said, 
"that one never forgets." 

"I wish you would tell me where I can 
get a pair," exclaimed an old lady in the 
audience. "I am always forgetting mine." 
— Exchange. 

V— 



10 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Organization Changes in Subur- 
ban Division 

Organization changes of considerable 
importance in the suburban division of the 
Chicago Telephone Company went into 
effect on November 1st. John W. 
Schramm, district manager at Elgin, re- 
signed. Joseph H. Conrath, formerly dis- 
trict manager at Woodstock, was promoted 
to district manager for the combined Elgin 
and Woodstock districts, and E. A. Judd, 
formerly special representative in the 
headquarters office of the division, was 
promoted to commercial manager at Wood- 
stock. 

Mr. Schramm leaves behind him a serv- 




JOHN W. SCHRAMM. 



ice period of twenty years with the Chicago 
Telephone Company. In 1897. when there 
were less than 200 telephones in the Elgin 
exchange, he was appointed local manager. 
With his thorough business training and 
intimate knowledge of local conditions, he 
foresaw the growth that might be expected 
in the Elgin exchange, and soon after be- 
coming manager urgently recommended the 
erection of a building adequate for future 
needs. Under his capable management the 
Elgin exchange grew rapidly and soon be- 
came the largest single exchange in the 
Chicago Telephone Company outside the 
city of Chicago. In 1911, when important 
changes took place in the telephone organ- 
ization, he was appointed district manager 
of one of the largest and most important 
groups of exchanges. On November 1st, 
when he resigned, there were more than 
5,200 stations in the Elgin exchange and 
more than 7,000 in his district. Mr. 
Schramm has enjoyed the confidence and 
respect of all with whom he has been asso- 
ciated during his long period of service 
with the company. His ability as an or- 
ganizer was recognized, and he was con- 
sidered one of the most caoable district 
managers in the suburban field. 



Tribute to Mr. Schramm 

Elgin, 111., October 31, 1917. 
Mr. John W. Schramm : 

We, the undersigned, being the 
supervisors of the several depart- 
ments of the Elgin district of the 
Chicago Telephone Company, speak- 
ing for ourselves and for the em- 
ployes in our departments, hereby 
wish to express our sincere appreci- 
ation for the courteous treatment 
always accorded us by you. 

While you have never allowed 
anything to interfere with the effi- 
ciency of the service, your treat- 
ment of our subordinates has al- 
ways been more as that of a friend 
than as an employer or superior, 
and you have by your genial manner 
and thought fulness made it a pleas- 
ure to follow your direction and to 
do our utmost for the success of the 
Chicago Telephone Company in this 
district. 

We regret exceedingly that you 
are about to sever your active con- 
nection with the management of this 
district, and we wish to assure you 
that wherever you may be, the good 
wishes of every one connected with 
the Elgin district go with you and 
that we will never forget your kind- 
ness nor the lessons of efficiency 
imparted by you during all the years 
that you have been our superior offi- 
cer in this great corporation which 
actually shows by its actions that it 
is thoughtful of the welfare bf its 
employes. 

With sincere affection, we remain, 
Sincerely, 

(Signed) Caroline Christiansen, 
Owen E. McMahon, 
Louis Rothstein* 
William H. Nish. 



Joseph H. Conrath, now district manager 
for the combined Elgin and Woodstock 
districts, entered the telephone business at 
St. Charles in 1902 as a repairman. Later 
he was called to the Joliet district and given 
supervision of the new Lenox exchange. 
In 1909 he became manager for the Wood- 
stock Telephone and Telegraph Company 
at Woodstock, and during the same year, 
when this company sold its equipment, he 
became district manager for the Chicago 
Telephone Company in the Woodstock dis- 
trict.. Because of his long and varied ex- 
perience in all departments of the compajiy, 
Mr. Conrath is looked upon as the logical 
successor to Mr. Schramm and great con- 
fidence is expressed in his ability to dis- 
charge his new duties with credit to him- 
self and the company. 

E. A. Judd has been with the Chicago 
Telephone Company for ten years and dur- 
ing this time has risen from salesman to 



special representative in the Chicago office. 
His headquarters will hereafter be at 
Woodstock, and under the direction of Mr. 
Conrath he will discharge many of the 
duties of a district manager. He is espe- 
cially well qualified for hjs new work be- 
cause his early boyhood was spent in Mc- 
Henry County. 



Exciting Gridiron Battle at Camp 
Vail 

In an exciting football game replete 
with good plays and sportsmanlike conduct 
on both sides and cheered to the echo by 
their respective rooters, the eleven of 
Company E, Eleventh Telegraph Battalion, 




JOSEPH H. CONRATH. 



recently defeated the aggregation of Com- 
pany D, Second Field Battalion, by the 
close score of 6 to 0 at Camp Vail. 

Both teams fought tooth and nail to the 
finish, the Eleventh because they had never 
tasted of the bitter dregs of defeat, and 
the Second because they were anxious to 
mar the perfect record bf their rivals. The 
Eleventh team was the better drilled, while 
the Texas boys showed strength in abun- 
dance but lack of proper preparation. 

The victors scored a touchdown in the 
last quarter on a well executed forward 
pass of thirty yards from Quarter-back 
Stockhausen to Right End Heinzleman. 
The try for goal failed. 

Marshall, Francis and Rush, of the 
Eleventh, played a star game, and Stock- 
hausen ran his team in a most brainy 
fashion. For the losers, Robinson was a 
tower of strength at full back, and Don- 
nelly, at left guard, was strong on the 
defensive. Captain Davis, of the Second, 
showed that he was well fitted for the 
position by his sportsmanlike conduct. 

The game was marred by only one acci- 
dent, Barnum, the game little right end of 
the Eleventh, sustaining a dislocation of 
the loft elbow, which was immediately re- 



6ELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



ii 



duced. It was only 
the insistence of the 
doctor that prevent- 
ed him from going 
back in the game. 

The winning team 
lined up as follows : 
Barnum (Cleveland 
Telephone Co.), 
O'Brien (Chicago 
Telephone Co.), left 
end; Cosgrove (Chi- 
cago Telephone Co.), 
Doyle (Chicago Tel- 
ephone Co.), left 
tackle; Carroll (Chi- 
cago Telephone Co.), 
left guard ; Francis 
(Chicago Telephone 
Co.), center; Hel- 
stein (Chicago Tele- 
phone Co.), right 
guard; Field (Chi- 
cago Telephone Co.), 
Sack (Chicago Tele- 
phone Co.), right 
tackle ; Heinzleman 
( Michigan State Tel- 
ephone Co.), right 
end; Stockhausen 
Capt. (Chicago Telephone Co.), quar- 
terback; Rush (Chicago Telephone Co.), 
left halfback; Marshall (not in tele- 
phone organization), O'Brien (Chicago 
Telephone Co.), right halfback; Penfold 
(Chicago Telephone Co.), fullback. 




BERT FRANCIS 
Of LaGrange, now 
with Company E, 
Eleventh Telegraph 
Battalion. 



Bell Telephone Bowling League 

The Supply team has gone over the top 
and wrested first place from the Commer- 
cial boys in the Bell Telephone Bowling 
League. Besides holding the lead in the 
standing this team has high team score, 
with the fine mark for one game of 1,000, 
and high team average for three games 
of 960-2. 

Bontemps of the leaders has high indi- 
vidual score of 244 and Kingsbury, his 
teammate, high individual average, for 
three games, with 203-2. 

The first weekly prize was won by 
Schwimmer. Supply, with 222, and the 
second by Bontemps with 221. 
STANDING OF THE TEAMS OCT. 24TH. 

Won. Lost. Pet. Av. 

Supplv 15 3 .834 898-17 

Commercial 13 5 .723 8=13-10 

Construction 10 8 .556 858-13 

Accounting 9 9 .500 832-lfi 

Garage 9 9 .500 812- 2 

Maintenance 8 10 .445 856- 5 

Cable Splicers "8 10 .445 813-12 

Wentworth 8 10 .445 802- 8 

P. B. X. flnst.).... 6 12 .333 784-14 
Long Lines 4 14 .222 733-11 



Outlaw Bowling League 

The race in the Outlaw Bowling League 
has developed very close competition for 
first place as well as the cellar position. 

The Pirates now have a fairly tight hold 
on last position in the spite of the game 
fight put up by Schramm of Evanston. 

"Through the efforts of Kingman and 
Welter the Highbrows are now temporarily 



in seventh place," said Mr. Welter in a 
modest statement recently. 

Mr. Pratt, who was formerly the main- 
stay of the Highbinders, is back hitting his 
old stride with a score of 94. He claims 
he missed his turn for several frames. 

The bowlers have always wondered why 
L. B. Lyle of the Suburban Commercial 
"wolfs" when he doesn't get a strike. His 
friend and adviser J. Vraneck says it's 
because he is absolutely sure of missing a 
spare. 

STANDING OF THE TEAMS OCT. 31ST. 
Team. Won. Lost. Pet. Total. 

Raiders 12 6 .6G7 13,154 

Destroyers 12 6 .667 12,411 

Highbinders 10 8 .556 12,780 

Wreckers 10 8 .556 12,725 

Repeaters 9 9 .500 12,683 

Goats 8 10 .444 12,490 

Highbrows 6 12 .333 12,158 

Pirates 5 13 .278 12,373 

Ideal Bowling League 

The standing of the teams in the Ideal 
Bowling League for the first fifteen games 
of the season is as follows : 

Team. Won. Lost. Avge. 

General Commercial 13 '2 .792 

Executive 10 5 .807 

Relief and Safety 10 5 .801 

Plant Accounting 9 6 .801 

Hookers 9 6 .793 

Commercial Engrs 9 G .780 

Assignment 7 8 .791 

Maintenance 6 9 .755 

Invincibles 1 14 .693 

Traffic 1 14 .654 

Of last season's players, not including 
some of the new blood which has been in- 
fused in the league through the entry of 
two more teams, those who show the re- 
sults of their practice are Tobin, with 
fifteen games to his credit and an average 
of 170 ; J. Lindholm, with an average of 
160, and U. S. Grant in the same class. 
By referring to last year's scores it is no- 
ticed that even players like Hovey, Noble 
and Simpson of the Maintenance and 
Simpson of the General Commercial, 
George Holden, Freddie Klein and Mort 
Flynn, are shooting away over their heads. 

November 26th wil be "B. B." night (Big 
Boys' night). Some of the players who 
started last season, such as Bone, Red- 
mund, Ray, Jones, Webber, dePeyster and 
Allen, have been invited. The captains of 
the teams are urged to use every means in 
their power to cajole, coerce or influence 
these men to come and assault the pins in 
their old form. 





Bell Checker 
Players Win 

After sleeping 
soundly since last 
May, attempting no 
■doubt to recuperate 
from the effects of 
the banquet in King's 
restaurant which 
closed the winter sea- 
son, the Bell Tele- 
phone Chess and 
Checker Club has 
awakened. On Tues- 
day evening, October 
9th, the members 
turned out on short 
notice and made an- 
other successful 
drive against the Ad- 
vance Club checker 
players of the Peo- 
ples' Gas Light and 
Coke Company. 

The Advance Club ^^TED 
players have gone Of Company E, Elev- 
down in defeat for ent BatTalfoT Ph 
three successive years, 

and apparently arranged an early season 
game with the hopes of catching the tele- 
phone men asleep and thereby winning a 
tournament, but were again defeated de- 
cisively. 

To quote from the Advance Club's semi- 
monthly magazine, "The checker crew 
went 'over the top' after the 'hello crowd,' 
but the ascent was in a balloon. Out of 
a score of 88 registered shots, the tele- 
phone sharpshooters scored 59 hits against 
our 29." DETAILED SCORE. 

Chicago Telephone 
Company 

Singer H 

Martin 6 

O'Grady 6 

Blodgett S 

Baker 6 

Golden 6 

Crow 2 

Trainor 6 

Scott 2 

Tiedtke 8 

Lee 1 



Advance Club 

Burra 0 

DwyeT 2 

Collins 2 

Columbatto 0 

Matha 2 

Douglas 2 

White 6 

Gunderson 2 

Hewitt 6 

Holland 0 

Leonard 7 



29 



59 



A GROUP OF COMPANY D BOYS, SIXTH 
TELEGRAPH BATTALION. 



An Inglorious Defeat 

By a Spectator. 
E. F. Riddle, T. J. Enright and F. E. J. 
Young of the fundamental plan depart- 
ment, chief engineer's office, were recently 
badly defeated by O. N. Sandeen, F. A. 
Durand and C. K. Brydges of the traffic 
department, same office, in a bowling 
match. It would not be proper to print 
the score. 

After the games all one could hear was, 
"Oh, I had a sore finger," "Well, I wasn't 
in trim," etc., all three of the losers hav- 
ing a different excuse. One of the winners 
sarcastically remarked that he had a little 
son at home who could bowl fairly well. 

Never mind, boys, you will learn. Keep 
up the good work. Practice more and per- 
haps some day you will be good bowlers. 
Good luck to you in your next game if you 
ever play again. 



12 



BELL-TELEPHONF-NEWJ 




VISIT OF TELEPHONE OFFICIALS TO FORT LEAVENWORTH ON OCTOBER 9TH. 

(1) Company street. President Sunny shaking hands with enlisted men. (2) The 410th Battalion at attention before the drill. (3) 
Mr. Sunny addressing our men. (4) Mr. Hill addressing our men. (6) Watching the drill. Left to right — Col. Hartmann, C. S. Gleed, 
Southwestern Telegraph and Telephone Company; Messrs. Sunny, Seymour, Hill, McGovern, Abbott, Carter, Garvey, Major Turner and Mr. 
Kercher. (6) Left to right — Major. Turner, Messrs. Hill, Sunny, Seymour, McGovern, Colonel Hartmann, Lieut. Paul Kenny, Messrs. 

Garvey and Kercher. 



KELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



13 



Telephone Officials Visit the Boys at Fort Leavenworth 



Great Progress Made by the Members of Sixth Telegraph Battalion Convinces Visitors that Central 

Group Has Furnished America with Some Real Soldiers. 





GROUP OF VISITORS AND OFFICERS AT FORT LEAVENWORTH. 
Left to right — Major John R. Turner of 410th Telegraph Battalion; Colonel Carl F. Hartmann of the Signal Corps; H. F. Hill, Vice- 
president, Central Group; B. E. Sunny, President, Central Group; H. O. Seymour, General Manager, Wisconsin Telephone Company; B. S. 
Garvey, General Auditor, Central Group; W. R. McGovern, Chief Engineer, Central Group; W. R. Abbott, General Manager, Chicago Tele- 
phone Company; Hal Gaylor, Kansas City; C. S. Gleed, Chairman Board of Directors, Southwestern Telegraph and Telephone Company; 
E. F. Carter, General Manager (Kansas), Southwestern Telegraph and Telephone Company; Paul B. Gaylor, Denver, Colo.; W. R. Kercher, 
Publicity Manager (Kansas) Southwestern Telegraph and Telephone Company; Colonel Sedgwick Rice of Fort Leavenworth Federal Dis- 
ciplinary Institution. 



This time it was Fort Leavenworth. 

On October 9th, President B. E. Sunny, 
Vice President H. F. Hill, Chief Engineer 
W. R. McGovern and General Auditor 
B. S. Garvey, of the Central Group of 
Telephone Companies, General Manager 
H. O. Seymour of the Wisconsin Telephone 
Company, and General Manager W. R. 
Abbott of the Chicago Telephone Company 
visited the boys of the Sixth (now the 
410th) Telegraph Battalion, Reserve Signal 
Corps at Fort Leavenworth, Kan. All 
these officials had been looking forward for 
some time to seeing the boys, and Mr. Gar- 
vey in particular, as he has a son in Com- 
pany D. 

The visitors were met at the station and 
warmly greeted by Colonel Sedgwick Rice, 
who is in charge of the Federal Dis- 
ciplinary Institution at Fort Leavenworth, 
and Major John R. Turner, in command 
of the 410th Telegraph Battalion. They 
were then escorted to the Commandant's 
headquarters where they met Colonel Carl 
F. Hartmann, who is in charge of the Sig- 
nal Corps at Fort Leavenworth. 

Fort Leavenworth is one of the best 
equipped forts in the United States and 
well adapted for the training of embryo sol- 
diers. The well-constructed buildings and 
carefully kept grounds provide every facil- 
ity for the instruction and development of 
Uncle Sam's young fighters, and aroused 
keen interest on the part of President 
Sunny and his party. 

After the usual greetings had been ex- 
changed, the telephone officials went to the 



parade grounds, where they witnessed drill- 
ing and exercises by the Federal Regulars. 
The members of the 410th Battalion were 
also interested spectators of this drill. 

After the drill, the visitors went to the 
headquarters of the 410th Battalion, where 
they shook hands with the men and officers. 
Captain Richard E. Walsh and Lieutenants 
Moore and Wightman of Company E ; 
Captain LeRoy B. Boylan and Lieutenants 
Hoover and Helmer of Company D, and 
Lieutenants Kenny and Brock of Major 
Turner's staff were among those who re- 
ceived them. 

By this time mess was ready, so the 
visitors sat down at the tables with the 
officers, and partook of some of Uncle 
Sam's best. The consensus of opinion was 
that the former Central Group employes' 
cooks are capable in every respect. 

Colonel Rice then showed the party 
through the Federal prison, which with its 
cold, forbidding walls but general lack of 
iron bars, demonstrated that Uncle Sam 
knows how to handle offenders. The 
prison was quite a contrast to the free, 
happy life enjoyed by the soldiers outside. 

The 410th Battalion then lined up for a 
drill, and the visitors had an opportunity to 
see for themselves how quickly rookies 
can be transformed into soldiers. The last 
time the visiting officials had seen the boys 
of the 410th, they were raw recruits, whose 
work in the telephone business had been 
interrupted by the stern duties of war. 
Now, they were real soldiers, and their 
soldierly, erect bearing and attitude showed 



the remarkable progress made in a few 
weeks. 

The visitors were surprised and pleased 
to find three officials of the Southwestern 
Telegraph and Telephone Company also 
visiting Fort Leavenworth, and greeted 
C. S. Gleed, chairman of the Board of 
Directors, E. F. Carter, general manager 
for the State of Kansas, and W. R. Ker- 
cher, publicity agent for the State of Kan- 
sas. These gentlemen were warm in their 
praise of the boys of the Central Group, 
but assured the Central Group officials that 
there were plenty more like them from the 
Southwestern Telegraph and Telephone 
Company. Paul B. Gaylor of Denver, Colo., 
and Hal Gaylor of Kansas City were other 
visitors present. 

A drill was then given in radio field 
work by a Regular Battalion. An address 
then followed by each member of the 
visiting party, in which they expressed their 
surprise at the progress made by the Bell 
soldiers and wished the boys good luck 
and a safe return. Mr. Gleed and Colonel 
Hartman also spoke briefly and their talks 
were much appreciated by both the soldiers 
and the visiting officials. 

President Sunny and his party were es- 
corted to the station by Colonel Hartmann. 
Major Turner and Lieutenant Kenny, and 
left Fort Leavenworth with a feeling of 
regret. It was, as one of the party re- 
marked, "the end of a perfect day," and 
the courtesy and attention shown by the 
officers at the fort had made the visit a 
most enjoyable one. 



14 



BELL TELEPHONE-NEW^ 



With the Boys of the Sixth Telegraph Battalion 

By MAJOR JOHN R. TURNER, U. S. R. 



Now that the officers of the Sixth Re- 
serve Telegraph Battalion have completed 
their training in the signal schools at Fort 
Leavenworth and have rejoined their or- 
ganization, it is an appropriate time to give 
our former fellow-workers of the Bell 
companies some idea of the life we have 
been leading both in school and with the 
battalion. 

The general impression that seemed to 
prevail among us at the outset was that our 
training would consist principally of tech- 
nical work. However, as the officers were 
trained along these lines before coming 
here, the government very wisely limited 
the studies to a large extent to those along 
military lines, giving us just enough of the 
technical to reconstruct ideas according to 
the more temporary methods found neces- 
sary in the rapid construction work of the 
army. The course was most complete in 
every sense of the word, and the officers 
have acquired a good knowledge of the 
work in all branches of the service. It 
will prove of the utmost importance to 
them, as the Signal Corps problems are 
greatly dependent upon the tactical move- 
ments of various other branches of the 
army. 

The Signal Reserve officers, while at the 
school, were organized into two compa- 
nies, each officer acting as a private in 
the ranks, but, in turn, they were detailed 
to act as captain, lieutenant, etcetera, each 
day. In this way each man was given an 
opportunity to try his hand at command- 
ing others. Our days were very busy ones, 
as the time between 5 :30 a. m. and 4 :30 p. 
m. was a continual round of drills, recita- 
tions and lectures, with short intervals be- 
tween sessions. The evenings from 7:30 
to 9 :30 were devoted to study and it meant 
real study, too. No one felt inclined to 
neglect his books during those hours, for 
we could picture the embarrassing situa- 
tion that would result the following day, 
when the instructor might ask us any one 
of the many detailed questions regarding 
those particular lessons. On the other 
hand, we had nothing whatever to do from 
Saturday noon until Sunday evening, so 
when those days came around the officers 
who did not go to Kansas City were lost, 
not knowing what on earth to do with 
themselves after being suddenly released 
from the continual go of the week. 

There were two classes in which certain 
officers of the Sixth distinguished them- 
selves. Tt is hard for me to overcome my 
natural modesty in speaking of my prowess 
in the equitation class, but I must say that 
1 have been frequently complimented on 
my ability to fall off a horse without hurt- 
ing the animal. Our calvary instructor 
would take great pride in watching me; in 
fact, he would even have me continue rid- 



ing after the rest of the class had finished. 
This I always delighted in doing, especially 
during that period when I used to shy at 
a chair. One of my fondest recollections 
of our riding instructor is the sympathetic 
question he used to ask when a man fell 
off his horse and all but broke his neck 




MAJOR JOHN R. TURNER. 

(which happened about every fifteen min- 
utes in my case), "Who in h — 1 gave you 
permission to dismount?" 

The French class is the other in 
which the Sixth upholds its glory and 
Capt. Richard E. Walsh (formerly of 
the Chicago Telephone Company) is 
the hero. The captain delves most deeply 
into the mysteries of that language, 
in fact, his concentration upon the book in 
his lap has been so great that he has been 
falsely accused of sleeping in class. When 
the instructor requests him to read a sen- 
tence in French, he responds with a will- 
ingness that is wonderful, the enjoyment 
of the situation shining radiantly forth 
from his features. There were other offi- 
cers of our battalion who did equally as 
well, but space prevents my mentioning 
them. 

On October 4th, when I rejoined the 
battalion, I was particularly gratified to 
notice the wonderful progress made by 
the men since leaving civil life. Little 
stories had reached me regarding their fine 
military bearing and conduct at all times, 
and when I saw them for myself I real- 
ized why they had created so much favor- 
able comment. It does not take a visitor 
long to understand that here is a body of 
men gathered together, who, when put to 
a task, will accomplish it quickly and thor- 



oughly. Major General Squier, who hon- 
ored us with a visit some time ago, praised 
the men highly after questioning a number 
of them regarding their former occupa- 
tions and experience. Should the general 
pay us another visit he will be still more 
pleased with the big improvement in the 
men, as far as the military end of it is 
concerned. They require very little tech- 
nical training, as the setting of poles, 
stringing of wire and all such work seems 
to be a sort of second nature with them. 

The men have been under canvas since 
August 1st and this has done much toward 
building them into their present good, 
healthy condition. They have also been 
working in the open air every day, and I 
can assure their relatives and friends back 
home that they were never in better shape. 
They are all as hard as iron, having worked 
off all the soft flesh and left muscles which 
are gradually turning to steel. They man- 
age to stow away plenty of good, whole- 
some food and sleep soundly. Mr. Garvey, 
general auditor, will vouch for this, I am 
sure. I have heard it said that he did 
pretty well himself while visiting the camp. 
A big athletic event is scheduled- to take 
place here within the next couple of weeks, 
and the men of the Sixth will demonstrate 
the value of clean, wholesome out-of-doors 
living at that time or I shall be badly mis- 
taken. 

We are especially fortunate in having 
within our organization a number of splen- 
did telegraph operators, upon whom we 
rely to handle the numerous messages of 
a most important nature that we will be 
called upon to transmit along the fighting 
lines in France. It is quite obvious that as 
the first battalion called to the colors in the 
central department of the army we were 
given the best operator* they had. The 
rest of the men are studying telegraphy, 
and some of them will develop into fast 
operators in the near future. 

A word about the ideal living conditions 
here. Fort Leavenworth is more on the 
order of a little city than a camp. It has 
paved streets throughout, concrete side- 
walks, and electric lights. The grounds are 
kept in good condition. Just outside 
the post proper is an enormous reservation 
offering all the advantages that we could 
desire for maneuvers and long practice 
marches. It is rolling country, and from 
the tops of the hills beautiful views may 
be had for miles in all directions. The 
men are still in tents, but have been pro- 
vided with stoves which will keep them 
warm, at least until the extremely cold 
weather arrives, when no doubt they will 
be placed in buildings, if still in this coun- 
try. At this point I wish to emphasize the 
fact that the officers, although entitled to 
quarters in one of the fine buildings pro- 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



15 




Geo. E. Doran Raphael C. Bogardus Thos. W. Hesterman Joe C. Washburn G. F. Burton Frank L. Ganz Wm.H. McCarthy, Jr. 



Gary 



Chicago 



Lake Forest 



Detroit 



Detroit 



Cleveland 



Chicago 




Stewart Lehman Benjamin T. WalkerThomas R. Freeman Thos. Corcoran 
Cleveland Chicago Chicago Chicago 




Geo. E. Rouse 
La Grange 



Robert S. Coyle Lawrence F. Hyde 




Edwin ~polcar Chas. E7~<7alavan Arlington Eaton C. E. Thweatt Edgar C~T)avenport Roland A. Helsten Harold L. Branch 





Detroit 

1 JST 



Woodstock 




Chirano 



Detroit 



La Grange 



Cleveland 




Albert G. Rush Harold J. Connelly Albert A. Zahler J. J. Buckley John H. Richardson Reginald E. JohnsonAnthony John Rio 



Chicago 



Chicago 



Cleveland 



Cleveland 




Detroit 




Chicago 



Chicago 





EUhu C. Turk Chas. A. Schmidt Will R. Goodwin Melvin T. Bergstrom Frank Zwadzich Jas. A. Kain Stuart G. Mcintosh 



Rapid City 



Chicago 



Glencoe 



La Grange 



Milwaukee 



Detroit 



Chicago 




Theodore Burgman Leo C. Quinn 
Chicago Blue Island 



Jos. Carmody 
Detroit 



Aleck Vine 
Detroit 



Paul Jj. Emery Paul A. Larson Pobt. C. Cline, Jr. 
Detroit Chicago I." Grange 




WUlarif A . Gibson 
Chicago 



Fred F. Mondt 
Chicago 



Otto Brack 
Chicago 



Felix L. Golden 
Chicago 



John C. Powers Benedict L. Malinski Martin Wilmsen 
Chicago Chicago Chicago 



10 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



vided for that purpose, have joined the men 
under canvas, and will put up with any 
hardships that may come along, just the 
same as the men do. 

I shall not attempt to cover the recent 
visit of the officials of the Central Group 
of Bell Companies, as those gentlemen are 
better qualified to tell you of that, but I 
do wish to state that their visit was thor- 
oughly appreciated by the officers and men 
of this battalion. The little talks given by 
the officials struck a responsive chord in 
the hearts of all of us, and although our 
entire energy is devoted to the cause of 
Uncle Sam, we shall look forward to the 
successful termination of the war and cur 
return to the Bell Companies. 
Sergeant Major H. B. Crowell Adds a 
Word 

The seriousness with which the men are 
adapting themselves to this military life 
omits the out for an outing spirit and 
strikes the keynote of success in the real 
work ahead. Their prompt obedience when 
given orders, respect for their superior offi- 
cers, desire to learn and cheerful omission 
when necessary of many little things that 
make life more pleasant are noteworthy. 

The battalion is not immune from rumors 
and while here it has traveled many miles. 
We have been to Alaska and the cable has 
been most judiciously guarded and main- 
tained. Honolulu has charmed and hypno- 
tized us with its Ya-Ka-Hula dances and 
balmy atmosphere. Southern training 
camps have had us, the call of the east 
(Camp Alfred Vail) has come and gone 
many times. Russian winter has frozen us, 
we have bathed in the Rhine and it is 
generally admitted that our final headquar- 
ters will be some spot in the Kaiser's court- 
yard with a Bell desk set to gather the 
latest baseball news. 



Extra Pay in Signal Corps 

Approval has been given by the War 
Department to an agreement reached be- 




FORT LEAVENWORTH TRENCHES 
READY FOR A BAYONET ATTACK. 



tween the three great communication com- 
panies of the country and their employes 
who have been drafted into the new signal 
corps organizations of the army for fair 
treatment of these men. The agreement 
provides that the companies guarantee for 
at least one year the difference between the 




PRP7ATE, FIRST CLASS, R. H. MEEBOER, 
SERGEANT MAJOR H. B. CROWELL, 
PRIVATE, FIRST CLASS, JAMES 
M. SCHOLLAR. 



salaries earned before the men became part 
of the military establishment and the pay 
received from the government. 

Some time before the break with Ger- 
many officers at the head of the Signal 




SERGEANT HARRY HATHAWAY IN THE 
FIRST LINE TRENCH. 



Corps had completed a remarkable reserve 
organization which included not only the 
telegraphers and telephone men, but the 
office managers and district managers. 
When the United States entered the war 
there existed a large number of complete 
field signal battalions, officered by their 
own managers. These were taken bodily 
into the service. 

Among the higher officials of the com- 
panies who became reserve majors were 
J. J. Carty, chief engineer of the Amer- 
ican Telephone and Telegraph Company, 
recently promoted to the rank of colonel ; 
F. A. Stevenson, general superintendent of 
plant of the same concern; George M. 
Yerks, vice-president of the Western Union 
Telegraph Company; F. B. Jewett, chief 
engineer of the Western Electric Company, 
and Charles P. Bruch, vice-president of 
the Postal Telegraph-Cable Company. 
These men have continued as supervising 
the activities of the same men who were 
under them in civil life. — New York 
Times. 



Vermont Boy Receives First Greet- 
ings from Kaiser 

To First Lieutenant De Vere H. Har- 
den, of the Signal Reserve Corps, falls the 
honor of being the first American to be 
wounded in the trenches, announces Gen- 
eral Pershing in a recent cable to Wash- 
ington. This shows that the Signal Corps, 
composed mainly of Bell telephone men, 
is already striking blows for freedom and 
is destined to do its part in the great war. 

Harden received greetings from the 
Kaiser in the form of shrapnel which 
struck him in the left leg. According to 
the viewpoint of our gallant French allies, 
he was open to hearty congratulations 
which they lost no time in extending. 

"They thought I ought to be proud to 
shed the first American blood for world 
freedom," said the lieutenant. 

Harden's home is in Burlington, Vt. 




RIG USED IN SABER DRILL AT FORT 
LEAVENWORTH. 



BELl/TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



17 





Bert G. Francis John I. Sorenson Adolph Roesen Louis F. Ganong John H. Mangan Edw. F. Nachtigall Walter E. Penfold 
La Grange Chicago Chicago Chicago Chicago Chicago Chicago 





vis X 




Elmer F. Wortman Stephen C. Brough Guy L. Walkup Orville Ingalsbe Bryan E. Sewell Emil F. Krafft 
Chicago Chicago Cleveland Petoskey Hammond Chicago 



Jas. F. Hogan 
Chicago 




Allister H. O'Brien Chas. A. Hasseler E. E. Stothard 



Chicago 



Harvey 





Cliff 6. Lally Lorenz J. Hausheer Wm. P. Sobieski Jos. Miscovic 



Chicago 



Chicago 



Chicago 



Chicago 



Jos. E. Mooney Thos. E. Fitzgerald Homer L. Shields 
Chicago Chicago Chicago 




Elmer F. Filley 
Chicago 



Jos. F. Rush 
Chicago 



Jos. J. Hesch 
Chicago 



Thos. J. Slattery Harold D. Kukuk 
Chicago Aurora 



Edw. Montroy Martin C. Oesterreich 
Detroit Chicago 




James E. Reilly 
Chicago 



E. S. Conway 
Cleveland 




Robert O. Rand 
Chicago 



L. C. Harfele 
Highland Park 



George Spall Melvin T. Bergstrom 
Cleveland LaGrange 



The portraits printed on this page and on page 15 are those of members of the Sixth 
and Eleventh Telegraph Battalions not published in previous issues of the Bell Telephone 
News. All the photographs received have now been printed except a few snapshots from 
which the engraver was not able to make satisfactory plates. 



18 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Canada Honors Alexander Graham Bell 



Memorial to the Invention of the Telephone Unveiled on October 24th at Brantford, Ontario- 
Governor General Participates in Ceremonies. 



"To Commemorate the Invention of the 
Telephone by Alexander Graham Bell, in 
Brantford in 1874." 

So runs the inscription, cut in granite, 
ever enduring, on the Bell Memorial, which 
was unveiled in Brantford, Ont., on Octo- 
ber 24th, by His Excellency the Duke of 
Devonshire, Governor-General of Canada. 
Thus to the world is emblazoned the fact 
that in this city was the telephone con- 
ceived, and invented ; and that from Brant- 
ford emanated the first telephone message 
to be transmitted over a telegraph line and 
the first "long distance" call. 

The principle embodied in the Bell tele- 
phone as invented in Brantford is in use in 
practically all the telephones used through- 
out the world. And they are many. In 
Canada alone, there are 365,000 telephones 
in the Bell and connecting systems, the total 
for the Dominion, all lines included, being 
estimated at 580,000. The United States, 
with its greater population largely concen- 
trated in the cities, leads the world in tele- 
phones, with 10,540,000 in the Bell and con- 
necting systems, and an estimated total of 
14,200,000 for all lines. While the older 
countries have not adapted the telephone to 
their daily use to the extent that Canadians 
and United States citizens have, yet the 
total mounts into the millions. 

Though the telephone was invented in 
Brantford in 1874, and the first long dis- 




DR. ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL. 

tance messages were transmitted in 1876, 
also from this city, it was not until 190G 
that steps were taken to commemorate the 
fact. The matter was taken up, and was 
rousingly endorsed at a banquet held on 



March !), 1900, under the auspices of the 
Board of Trade, at which Dr. Alexander 
Graham Bell was an honored and distin 
guished guest. At this banquet Doctor BeL 
in reminiscent vein recalled his early ex 
periments here, experiments which were 
crowned with success. He remarked, in 
answering the toast to "The Telephone and 
Its Inventor," that it was so long since he 
had been in Brantford that it seemed al- 
most a dream, yet that day, at his old home 
on Tutela Heights, he had met two men 
who had helped him to put up the first 
telephone line in the world. 

It was in the same year, 190G, that the 
Hell Telephone Memorial Association was 
organized and incorporated by an act of the 
Legislature of Ontario for the purpose of 
commemorating the invention of the tele- 
phone here and of perpetuating the name 
of the inventor. Organized under the 
patronage of His Royal Highness, the 
Prince of Wales, now His Majesty, King 
George V, and His Excellency, the Earl of 
Minto, then Governor-General of the Do- 
minion, the latter's successor, the late Earl 
Grey and many other men of eminence in 
Canada and the United States endorsed the 
proposal and gave it their support. 

The response to a call for funds was 
immediate and generous. The Dominion 
and Provincial governments made splendid 
contributions, as did the city and county 




THE BELL MEMORIAL AT BRANTFORD, ONTARIO. 



BELLTELEPtiONE'NEWJ 



19 



:ouncils. and with liberal contributions 
: rom present and former residents of 
Srantford, $65,000 was secured. The me- 
norial cost over $25,000 and the remainder 
>f the amount subscribed was used to pur- 
:hase the old Bell homestead and grounds. 

By 1908 invitations had been sent to 
sculptors in Europe, the United States and 
Canada, inviting them to submit models for 
i memorial. A special '"committee of 
iward" was appointed, the members being 
5ir Edmund Walker, of Toronto, Sir 
lieorge C. Gibbons, of London, and Sen- 
itor Davis, of New York State. Nine mod- 
els were submitted to the committee, and 
ifter much consideration the award was 
made to W. S. Allward, of Toronto, under 
in agreement that the work should be com- 
pleted by 1912. For reasons which the 
:ommittee accepted, the memorial was not 
:ompleted until this year. 

The Bell Memorial is one of the most 
impressive monuments in Canada today. 
N'ot a towering shaft of granite and bronze, 
it is so designed as to indicate by a stroke 
of genius, the wide spaces traversed by the 
telephone. On the crest of a series of steps 
is the main portion of the monument — a 
huge mass of white granite. This is faced 
by the largest single bronze casting ever 
turned out, a casting which taxed the ca- 
pacity of the foundry. The sculptor sought 
to bring out, as the dominant note, the 
discovery by man of his power to transmit 
sound through space. Above the reclining 
figure of man is Inspiration, urging him on 
to greater endeavors, while, at the other 
end of the panel, are the floating figures 
of Knowledge, Joy and Sorrow, brought to 
man by the telephone. A former resident 
of Brantford named Kinsella, invalided 
home from the front, acted as Mr. All- 
ward's model, and afterwards re-enlisted. 
At the side of the main portion of the 
monument are two heroic figures in bronze 
on granite, representing Humanity, the one 
being depicted in the act of sending, the 
other of receiving, a message over the tele- 
phone. These two figures are some dis- 
tance apart, to tell in stone the power of 
the telephone to traverse great distances. 
In this, as all observers have commented, 
the sculptor has achieved his object. 

The Stanstead granite, of which the foun- 
dation, steps, pedestals and walls are com- 
posed, is declared to be indestructible. On 
the rear is a stone fountain, with bullfrog 
gargoyles, while cut in the stone, on pilas- 
ters, are representations of the British 
Crown and the maple leaf. On the rear, 
also, it is probable, will be placed a bronze- 
tablet giving the names of the patrons and 
of the executive committee. 



Force of Habit 

Employer — Haven't you got anything else 
to do besides calling up girls on the 'phone 
all day long? Employe — Well, you see, I 
was formerly a street car conductor. Em- 
ployer—What has that to do with it? Em- 
ploye— I got into the habit of ringing up 
the fair.— Philadelphia Ledger. 



Pioneer Telephone Days in 
Elk Rapids 

By O. J. HOLBROOK 

Commercial Superintendent, Suburban 
Division, Chicago Telephone 
Company. 

Reprinted from the Progress, Elk Rapids. Mich. 



If there are any who dispute my claim 
of getting the first tinkle out of the bells 
and hearing the first spoken words over a 
telephone in Elk Rapids, let him come 
forward now, or forever hold his peace. 

It was sometime during the spring of 
1883 that the first telephone was installed 




O. J. HOLBROOK. 



in Elk Rapids. Prior to this time I had 
experimented with an acoustic telephone, 
that is, a telephone without any battery, 
placing one in the office of the Lake View 
House, conducted at that time by the late 
George A. Dyer, and the other in my office 
in the building on the lot where the 
Progress office now stands. If weather 
conditions were favorable, fairly good re- 
sults could be obtained by the acoustic, but 
if the weather was bad, the results were 
anything but satisfactory. For this reason 
we made little use of it. 

The First Telephones 
In the spring of 1883, seeing in a Detroit 
paper an advertisement of the Michigan 
Bell Telephone Company, I wrote for 
a price, and a few days later received a 
reply that this company did not sell tele- 
phones, but would rent them on the basis 
of $20 a set per annum. As manager and 
operator for the Western Union Telegraph 
Company, and as the Lake View House was 
filled to overflowing with summer guests 
who used the telegraph wires freely, to ex- 
pedite the delivery of messages, I consulted 
with Mr. Dyer and we decided to order 
two Bell telephones, one for his office and 
one for mine. After ordering them, and 
before they arrived, I placed' the wires in 
position on the Western Union poles, ex- 
pecting that when the telephones came it 



would simply be necessary to connect the 
wires on the poles to the instruments. To 
my surprise, they were not received in shape 
to connect to the line. The box in which 
the instruments were packed was filled with 
parts and altogether too many wires and 
binding posts for us, who had never before 
seen a telephone, to make out their uses. 
It was the putting of the parts together and 
connecting the wires to their proper places 
that upset the peace and tranquility of our 
small, but progressive community. 

The First Talk 

After changing the wires from one bind- 
ing-post to the other several times without 
results, one night while in the quiet of my 
home the thought came to me that we had 
no ground rods at the ends of the wire. 
The next morning these were procured and 
placed in position and I turned the crank, 
the bells rang, and in a few seconds I was 
in communication, through the telephone, 
with Mr. Dyer in the Lake View House. 
The telephone had been born in Elk Rap- 
ids, and I thought then that my troubles 
were all at an end. 

Talking Was Popular 

The next issue of the Progress an- 
nounced to the world the birth of the tele- 
phone in Elk Rapids. People came from 
near and far to look at it and talk over the 
line. In fact, talking over this line was 
extremely popular for several days, until 
Mr. Dyer said one of two things must hap- 
pen — either give up the hotel or stop talk- 
ing. As it was desirable that the hotel con- 
tinue running, service was placed on a busi- 
ness basis. Business up and down the street 
was becoming normal when E. S. Noble 
dropped into my office and placed an order 
for three more telephones. Orders were 
telegraphed to Detroit for the instruments, 
and men, under "my expert guidance," 
were soon at work putting the wires in 
place. In a few days the instruments came, 
and I lost no time in putting them in 
place, for by that time I was a real wizard 
of the wires. When they were connected 
up and the information given to the popu- 
lace, pandemonium broke loose again, and 
on the heels of this came an application 
to place one in the brewery. 

Back in those days Elk Rapids, like all 
other manufacturing towns in northern 
Michigan, was decidedly "wet," and the 
placing of a telephone in the brewery was 
soon followed by requests from a number 
of the "thirst parlors" up and down the 
street for telephone service, which was sup- 
plied them without much delay. 

A Switchboard Needed 

As the system increased in numbers, it 
was soon apparent that telephones were no 
longer considered a plaything, but, by many, 
a necessity. As orders for a time kept com- 
ing in, I began to have gloomy forebodings 
of the approaching storm. Having implicit 
confidence in my co-workers, I laid before 
them the question as to how many tele- 
phones could be worked satisfactorily on 
one line, for by this time complaints of the 
service, in a good natured way, were of 



20 



BELi/TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



daily occurrence. While my co-workers in 
the past had given of their time and advice 
freely, no answer to this new problem was 
forthcoming. I realized that a crisis was at 
hand — could I meet it, and how? My good 
wife encouraged me, the cat purred, the dog 
barked and business seemed to be going 
on as usual ; but with friends gone, and 
never having met a condition of this kind, 
I decided to tell my troubles to the Michi- 
gan Bell Telephone Company. A few days 
later a reply came stating that I needed a 
switchboard. Having never seen or heard 
of one, and not wishing to expose ,my 
ignorance any more than I had in my 
former letter, I told them to make and ship 
me one as suggested by them, as soon as 
possible. 

Operating the Switchboard 

In due course of time the switchboard 
came, and I regret that I did not preserve 
it when I left Elk Rapids, for it certainly 
would be in the archives of the American 
Telephone and Telegraph Company. 

The news having spread that Elk Rap- 
ids would have a telephone switchboard, my 
old friends returned, and as before offered 
their service and advice. We soon had the 
switchboard under control, cutting the line 
extending from the brewery in two. All 
telephones on the north of my office were 
put on one line and those on the south on 
the other, and the two lines were connected 
by plugs in the switchboard as is done to- 
day. 

After taking up my residence in Chicago 
a few years later I met an official of the 
Chicago Telephone Company, and more as 
an amusing incident than anything else, told 
him of my experience in Elk Rapids. To 
my surprise, a few days later I received a 
cordial invitation to call at his office, and 
before leaving was introduced to a number 
of other officials. A short time later I was 
offered a position, which I finally accepted, 
and have continued in the employ of the 
Chicago Telephone Company ever since, 
nearly a quarter of a century. 

As I look back upon the old days and 
trace the development of the Bell Telephone 
system, it hardly seems possible that so 
much has been accomplished in one person's 
lifetime. To-day we talk from Chicago to 
San Francisco and from Chicago to New 
York, and, in fact, from New York to San 
Francisco with as much ease as we talked 
in those days across the street. 



Twelve Things to Remember 

The value of time. 
The success of perseverance. 
The pleasure of working. 
The dignity of simplicity. 
The worth of character. 
The power of kindness. 
The influence of example. 
The obligation of duty. 
The wisdom of economy. 
The virtue of patience. 
The improvement of talent. 
The joy of originating. 



Red Cross Enlists the Services of 
Comptroller DuBois 

Charles G. DuBois, comptroller of the 
American Telephone and Telegraph Com- 
pany, has been loaned to the American Red 
Cross, for a period of six months, to sys- 
tematize the society's accounting methods. 
He will serve the Red Cross as comp- 
troller, a position which was created for 
him as soon as his services were obtained. 
During his absence H. Blair Smith, general 




CHARLES G. DU BOIS. 

auditor of the American Telephone and 
Telegraph Company, will serve as acting 
comptroller. E. V. Cox, chief accountant, 
has been appointed general autitor, and 
C. A. Heiss, assistant chief accountant, has 
been promoted to the position of chief 
accountant. 

In the selection of Mr. DuBois for the 
office of comptroller of the Red Cross the 
Bell System is again complimented upon 
the efficiency of its organization and its 
individual workers. When the government 
or an organization working with the gov- 
ernment, to carry out the American war 
program in an efficient and comprehensive 
way, desires to secure someone capable of 
handling a particularly difficult task, it 
turns with remarkable frequency to the 
Bell System, and gets the right person for 
the place. 

The request for the services of Mr. Du- 
Bois came from Henry P. Davison, chair- 
man of the war council of the Red Cross. 
Mr. Davison met Theodore N. Vail, who, 
as all Bell workers know, is serving the 
government on the Council of National 
Defense. The meeting was not accidental, 
so far as Mr. Davison was concerned. He 
wanted something, and a conversation 
along these lines took place : 



"Mr. Vail," said Mr. Davison, "we want 
the Bell System to do something more for 
us. You have already loaned us several 
of your men, but we want to borrow an- 
other, your comptroller, Mr. DuBois. We 
want him to come down here to Washing- 
ton and to arrange the accounting methods 
of the Red Cross, so that we will know as 
much about our business affairs as the 
Bell System does about its own. Can we 
have him?" 

"Yes," answered Mr. Vail, "for six 
months." So Mr. DuBois is now at Wash- 
ington putting the accounts of the Red 
Cross in such shape as to give the executive 
officers of the society at any time an accu- 
rate picture of the activities of the organ- 
ization, expressed in figures. 

In his new work, Mr. DuBois will fol- 
low the methods which enabled him to 
put the accounting system of the Bell com- 
panies in such good shape that the Inter- 
state Commerce Commission accepted it, 
with minor changes, for the prescribed , 
system under which the telephone com- 
panies must keep their accounts and make 
their regular reports to the Federal body. ' 

Mr. DuBois is an accountant with im- ' 
agination. Figures are not cold to him. , 
For instance, such an item in a statement | 
as "Repairs to Aerial Plant" means to the '. 
American Telephone and Telegraph Com- 
pany's comptroller, the linemen working ' 
on the poles, in rain and snow and sleet, 
in windstorm and sandstorm, striving to 
restore service as rapidly as possible. It ' 
means the trouble-hunter pushing through ; 
snow-drifts and rushing over muddy roads 
and through salt lands, and the brush and 
boulders of the western hills to find and 
repair breaks in the transcontinental line. 
In other words, he pictures the human and 
the physical side first and the monetary 
cost afterwards. 

He will try to paint the picture of the 
activities of the Red Cross through his 
figures in the same way that he visualizes 
the efforts of the workers in the nation- 
wide Bell System. He will see surgeons 
bending over wounded soldiers on the field 
of battle and in the base hospitals. He 
will see ambulances rushing over shell- 
swept roads to gather up the injured, and 
the bandages and surgical dressings and 
other equipment which the Red Cross pro- 
cures and distributes where most needed. 
Then, too, he will find the relation be- 
tween all parts of the organization, the 
collection of raw materials, the production 
of the finished articles and their distribu- 
tion, and will translate all this into a sta- 
tistical picture, which the executives of the 
Red Cross War Council can use in direct- 
ing the further expenditure of the millions 
of dollars placed in their hands. 

It is hardly necessary to say that all Bell 
employes congratulate Mr. DuBois upon 
his selection for the comptrollership of the 
Red Cross, not only because it recognizes 
his ability, but also because it carries with 
it a compliment to every man and woman 
in the Bell organization. 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



21 




Safety Firs't and 
ccident Prevention 



MEMBERKSHONAL SAFETY COUNCIL 



MEMBER AMERICAN MUSEUM OF SAFETY 



TIME IS THE STUFF LIFE IS MADE OF. 
DON'T LOSE ANY OF IT BY TAKING 
UNNECESSARY CHANCES 



BREAK YOURSELF OF THE HABIT OF 
USING BRACKETS, PINS, OR BRACES 
FOR SUPPORT WHEN ON A POLE. 
IT IS UNNECESSARY AND UNSAFE 



ACCIDENT PREVENTION MEANS DOING 
YOUR WORK THE "SAFE" WAY 



Hazards in the Handling of Gasoline and Kerosene 



Gasoline is one of the lighter products 
commonly obtained by distilling crude pe- 
troleum, and the different grades used for 
various purposes differ somewhat in chem- 
ical and physical properties. The main 
difference between gasoline and kerosene 
is that the former usually gives off a vapor 
freely at ordinary temperatures and is 
readily inflammable when brought into con- 
tact with a flame, while kerosene gives off 
a vapor sparingly and does not take fire at 
ordinary temperatures unless it is ab- 
sorbed in some material capable of acting 
as a wick. 

Gasoline vapor mingles with air in the 
same manner that water vapor does. If 
the cover is taken off a full pail of gaso- 
line and a lighted match applied to the 
surface, the gasoline will flare up and burn 
as long as the gasoline lasts. On the other 
hand, if a few drops of gasoline are put 
into a small, tightly closed pail and after 
a few minutes a flame or an electric spark 
is introduced, a violent explosion will re- 
sult. In the first case, the vapor burns as 
fast as it comes from 
t h e gasoline, mixes 
with the oxygen of 
the air and does not 
produce an explosive 
mixture. In the sec- 
ond case, the oil va- 
porizes in the pail and 
mixes uniformly with 
the air therein to form 
an explosive mixture 
and upon ignition ex- 
plodes. Consequently, 
when one hears of a 
disastrous gasoline ex- 
plosion he may be 
sure that the explo- 
sion resulted from the 
mixing of the vapor 
from the gasoline with 
the air in the propor- 
tion necessary to form 
an explosion. 
In 100 parts by vol- 



ume of air and gasoline, an explosion will 
not take place if there are less than one 
and four-tenths parts or more than six 
parts of gasoline vapor. Flashes of flame 
will appear in mixtures containing consid- 
erably smaller and also larger proportions 
of vapor, and considerable pressure will 
be developed, but propagation through the 
mixture will not take place. Although the 
range of explosibility is narrow, yet the 
proportion of gasoline vapor is small and 
indicates the great importance of not al- 
lowing even a little gasoline in a room 
because of the small quantity of vapor 
needed to make an explosive mixture with 
all the air in the room. 

The greatest hazard in the use of gaso- 
line lies in the "migrating" qualities of the 
vapor. Most explosives require that fire 
be brought to them, but gasoline searches 
out the fire. It will flow along the ground, 
follow a hallway or stairway, seek an open- 
ing in the floor at a considerable distance 
away, and finding the fire, flash it back 
until it reaches the point where the mix- 



ture of vapor and air is explosive. (That 
point always exists somewhere.) This was 
well illustrated by an accident which oc- 
curred, when a cutstone store building 
which had been shut up for some time and 
not ventilated, was opened up early in the 
morning by a man who had previously 
placed his lantern on the ground at a dis- 
tance of fifty-three feet from the entrance. 
The vapor from the gasoline in the store 
traveled back to the lantern and ignited, 
causing an explosion which was followed 
by a disastrous fire. 

Some grades of gasoline, particularly 
the better grades used to drive automobiles, 
are much more hazardous to handle than 
others. They mix with air in larger pro- 
portions, pass into the vapor form more 
readily, and hence, more quickly render a 
given volume of air explosive than do the 
heavier grades, such as are used for clean- 
ing purposes and for fuel in engines of 
motor trucks and other large combustion 
engines. This does not mean that some 
gasoline is dangerous and some is not, as 



all grades are classed 

ILLUSTRATION Of BURNING, &A50LINE. ILLUSTRATION OF BURNING KEROSENE as highly inflammable 

and dangerous liquids. 

Kerosene is dis- 
tilled from crude pe- 
troleum at a higher 
temperature and is 
heavier and less vola- 
tile than gasoline. 
Also, the limits for 
the explosive mixture 
of kerosene vapor with 
air, below which noth- 
ing will happen and 
above which there is a 
burning rather than an 
explosion, are much 
closer than for gaso- 
line. Kerosene does 
not take fire as read- 
ily, and it does not 
flash up as does gaso- 
line. For these rea- 
sons, kerosene is much 




Fiqure I, 



Figure 2. 



22 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Top plate 
Top plate gat 

Cleaning plug 

(Wira gauze Kere) 

Generating coil 
Generator fuel pipe 
Filler plug 

(With lead washer) 

Valve union 
Air release 
Supply valve - 

Tank feed pipe 

Pressed steel 
tank 

witH welded joint 



safer to handle and has 
been adopted as the 
standard fuel for fur- 
naces and torches such as 
are used by the telephone 
company. It is not only 
more economical and saf- 
er to operate this equip- 
ment on kerosene, but on 
account of the growing 
shortage of gasoline it is 
necessary to consider 
other fuel. 

In order to show the 
difference in the inflam- 
mability of gasoline and 
kerosene, a demonstration 
was made as indicated in 
figures 1 and 2. In figure 
1 a small quantity of gas- 
oline was spilled on the 
ground near a gasoline 
furnace and a lighted 
match applied. In an in- 
stant the flames leaped 
high, and there was con- 
siderable danger of the 
furnace exploding. In 
figure 2 a small quantity 
of kerosene was spilled 
on the ground near the 
furnace, and there was 
some difficulty in getting 
it to take fire even with 
a piece of lighted paper. 
The fire caused by the kerosene was small, 
and there was little danger of the furnace 
exploding. 

The greater number of 
torches on the market 
have been made to burn 
gasoline, but now several 
manufacturers produce 
equipment of this kind 
which burns kerosene in 
a satisfactory manner. 

One of the commercial 
types of furnaces and 
torches which is consid- 
ered satisfactory for the 
telephone company's use 
is shown in figures 3 and 
4. 

As these furnaces and 
torches are now in gen- 
eral use, it is worth while 
to give some detailed di- 
rections relative to their 
operation and use. 
Filling the Tank 

In filling the tank the 
kerosene should be 
strained through a 100- 
mesh screen to prevent 
dirt from going into the 
tank and eventually plug- 
ging up the burner. (See 
figure 5.) Always turn 
out the flame and open 
the air release before re- 
moving the filler plug in 
the torch or furnace. 



KEROSENE FURNACE 




Lugs for handle 

Orifice 
Burner 
Burner cleaner 
Generating cup 

* (WithasWos 
wicVtino^) 

Pump 
Spring cushion 

Pump piston 

Leather Cup 
Washer 

Pump valve 



furnaces and 



Figure 3. 

Care should be exercised not to overflow 
the tank. No fire such as lighted candles, 
pipes, cigarettes, etc., should be in the 
vicinity when filling it. Under no circum- 

KERD5ENE TORCH 



required. 

5. Should 
clogged, turn 
circle to and 



Packing Lock Generator Cleaning Jet block Generating 

tubes 




Valve stem 
Burner hood 



Burner supports^,. PH' 



Pump 
Pump piston 



Handle 




Wire g 



auze 



-Generating cup 
with asbestos wick 

Generator fuel pipe 



Pressed steel tank 
Tank feed pipe 
w W WtSsr - - Welded joint 



iqure 



4. 



stances should the tank 
be filled with gasoline, or 
gasoline mixed with kero- 
sene. 

Starting the Kerosene 
Furnace 

1. After the tank is 
almost full of kerosene, 
replace the filler plug and 
close the valve. Pump 
ten to fifteen strokes, open 
the valve in the feed 
pipe and let enough kero- 
sene drip into the gener- 
ating cup to saturate the 
asbestos wick. 

2. Release the air pres- 
sure and open the supply 
valve in order that the 
kerosene in the generator 
may return to the tank. 
Then apply a lighted 
match to the oil in the 
generator jacket. 

3. Before the oil in the 
jacket is consumed close 
the air valve and supply 
valve and pump twenty to 
thirty strokes. Then open 
the supply valve slowly to 
obtain perfect combus- 
tion. 

4. To reduce the blast 
release air pressure as 

the orifice or burner become 
the wire of the burner half 
fro to remove the obstruc- 
tion. Do not use pliers. 

Starting Kerosene Blow 
Torch 

1. After the tank is al- 
most full of kerosene, re- 
place the filler plug and 
close the valve. Pump 
ten to fifteen strokes, 
open the generator valve 
and let enough kerosene 
drip into the generator 
cup to saturate the asbes- 
tos wick, or the equivalent 
of one-half the oil cup. 
Release air from the tank 
and light the oil in the 
cup. When the oil is 
nearly consumed, close 
air valve, pump fifteen to 
twenty-five strokes and 
open the needle valve. 

2. Should the burner 
appear to be clogged, turn 
the valve to and fro to 
make the needle work in 
and out of the orifice, 
which will remove the 
obstruction. 

3. To reduce the blast 
or turn out the torch, re- 
lease pressure through the 
air valve. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



23 



Precautions 

The precautions neces- 
sary in handling either 
gasoline or kerosene may 
be divided into two class- 
es, those for prevention 
of ignition and those for 
minimizing the flames of 
a possible conflagration. 

The most obvious pre- 
caution for the prevention 
of ignition is to prohibit 
the bringing of any naked 
fire into dangerous prox- 
imity to the kerosene or 
gasoline. It is always 
important to guard 
against leakage, whether 
in conveyance, storage or 
use. Neglect of this pre- 
caution has been a fruit- 
ful source of accidents in 
the past. All taps to tanks 
should be fitted with drip " _ 
pans to check any drip or 
leakage. 

Every vessel containing gasoline or kero- 
sene should have a cover. In general, 
approved safety cans should be used. Safe- 
ty cans containing gasoline should be 
painted RED. Safety cans containing 
kerosene should be painted GREEN. 
These cans are designed for the storing 
and proper handling of volatile explosive 
liquids, and are so made that an explosion 
cannot occur. Gasoline or kerosene must 
never be kept in pails or open cans. 

Children and unauthorized persons 
should not be allowed access to gasoline 
or kerosene. Numerous explosions have 
been caused by mischievous boys who ap- 
plied lighted matches to the bungholes of 
empty petroleum barrels, which generally 
contain vapor and are always highly in- 
flammable. 

In every storeroom or garage where 
gasoline or kerosene is kept there should 
be a quantity of sand or sawdust in a 
large bucket ready for throwing on gaso- 
line or kerosene which may be spilled and 
ignited on the floor. The application of 
water produces little or no effect except 
to spread the burning liquid and thus scat- 
ter the fire over a large area. Sawdust is 
efficient because it floats for a time on the 
liquid and smothers the flame. Sawdust 
itself is not easily ignited and when it is 
ignited burns without flame. Sand serves 
the purpose about as well as sawdust, but 
is heavier and more awkward to handle, 
and when thrown on a burning tank sinks 
Mifte sawdust floats. 



METHOD Or TILLING, KER05ENE FURNACE. 



^Automatic valve which 
makes safety can air light 




Accident Prevention Trophy 

During November the accident preven- 
tion trophies contested for in the construc- 
tion, maintenance and suburban plant divi- 
sions of the Chicago plant department will 
be displayed hy Messrs. Rnttle, of the build- 
in? cabling; Cerney, of the Canal exchange, 
and Rhoades, of the Harvey district. Splen- 



Ficjure 5. 



did records are being made, though little 
change since the last, is shown in the fol- 
lowing standing for the period ending Sep- 
tember 30th : 





Sub 


urban 


Plant 


1. 


Harvey. 


7. 


Aurora. 


2. 


La Grange. 


8. 


Joliet. 


3. 


Elgin. 


9. 


Evanston. 


4. 


Wheaton. 


10. 


Oak Park. 


5. 


Woodstock. 


11. Special Estimate. 


6. 


Waukegan 


12. 


Hammond. 




Construction 


t 


Building Ca- 


5. 


North Construc- 




bling. 




tion. 


2. 


Shops. 


6. 


Supplies. 


3. 


Cable Repair. 


7. 


Central Con- 


4. 


South Construc- 


struction. 




tion 


8. 


Garage. 




Maintenance 


1. 


Canal 


15. 


West. 


2. 


Beverly. 


16. 


South Chicago. 


o 


Main. 


17. 


Lake View. 


4. 


Wabash. 


18. 


Kedzie. 


5. 


Central. 


19. 


Calumet. 


6. 


Austin. 


20. 


Lincoln. 


7. 


Monroe. 


21. 


Pullman. 


8. 


Hyde Park. 


22. 


Irving. 


9. 


Oakland. 


23. 


Wentworth. 


10. 


Edgewater. 


24. 


Humboldt. 


11. 


Stewart. 


25. 


Yards. 


12. 


Rogers Park 


26. 


Lawndale. 


13. 


Douglas 


27. 


Prospect. 


14. 


Superior. 


28. 


Belmont. 


Although the 


honor 


of winning the 



trophy is appreciated, even greater must 
be the satisfaction caused by preventing 
the pain and deprivation resulting from 
accidents. 



Some Preventable Accidents 

An accident indicates that there is some- 
thing wrong with the man, the methods, 
the tools or apparatus, or the material. We 
are trying to find out what is wrong in 
order to correct it. However, in review- 
ing the accidents reported each month, those 



5uppl>) valve 
closed 



due to the man (that is, 
the injured person) ap- 
pear to be considerably in 
the majority. 

What is wrong can be 
corrected when it is indi- 
cated by an accident and 
a repetition can be pre- 
vented, but it is far better 
to prevent the accident by 
discovering what is at 
fault. We are all intelli- 
gent enough to detect 
anything wrong with our- 
selves if we will but look, 
and if we all "look" we 
Telease opencan prevent many acci- 
dents like those now re- 
ported. The following 
cases are proof : 

A repairman at Supe- 
rior, Wis., was standing 
on a clothes rack on a 
subscriber's premises tack- 
ing up inside wire when 
the round supporting him broke, causing 
him to fall to the ground. 

An operator was struck in the left eye 
when the operator in the next position took 
down the cord. 

A lineman at Milwaukee stepping from 
an automobile as it was about to stop was 
struck on the right cheek just below the 
eye by the handle of a shovel that was on 
the truck. 

A groundman at Milwaukee was struck 
over the right eye by the wooden handle 
of an earth tamp which flew up when one 
of our automobiles ran over it. 

A cable helper at Beaver Dam, Wis., sus- 
tained burns on the head, back and arms 
when hot parafnne was spilled out from a 
kettle which struck the cable platform 
while being pulled up. 

A cable helper at Jackson, Mich., while 
rilling a furnace close to a lighted blow 
torch, spilled a small quantity of gasoline 
on his trouser leg and on the ground. It 
became ignited from the blow torch and 
burned him severely. 

An installer, working in the basement of 
a subscriber's premises, stepped on a nail 
in a piece of quarter round lying on the 
stairway. 

A matron was reaching for a cup when 
she struck ner hand against the upturned 
blade of a butcher knife lying on the shelf. 

A frameman was reaching under a solder 
iron heater to get a piece of solder when 
his hand came in contact with the bottom 
of the heater, causing a painful burn. 

A laborer was seated on the rear of a 
wagon, watching a tar kettle, which was 
being towed. His foot was caught in the 
rear wheel of the wagon and severely in- 
jured. 

An equipment installer was cutting tape 
for "T" splice when his hand struck some 
obstruction. His knife slipped from the 
roll of tape and cut his left wrist. 



24 



BEL1/TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



Of In terest To Our G irls 

Conducted by Mrs. F. E. D e w h u r sTT ?3^^^^ 




The Knitting Squadron 

"Knitters on the awkward squad, 

Do not be discouraged ! 
Dropping stitches may seem gauche ; 
Think of knitting for the Boche — 
Ladies all along the Rhine 
Dropping purls before the swine." 
— Pan, in "A Line o' Type or Tivo," Chi- 
cago Tribune. 
Is there anything 
awkward about the 
young women who 
grace this page? Our 
girls whose fingers are 
trained for "plugging 
in" at the switchboard 
seem to be able to use 
these nimble fingers 
just as skilfully with 
the knitting needles. 

From Milwaukee we 
learn that: "M any 
American soldiers in 
France will be protect- 
ed from wintry winds 
by garments knitted by 
Milwaukee telephone 
operators who have 
patriotically responded 
to the plea of the 
American Red Cross 
for knitters. Knitting 
clubs have been formed 
at all twelve offices, 
and girls in the traffic 
and plant superintend- 
ent's offices and in the 
cashier's office as well 
are also spending their 
spare time knitting. 
Following their organ- 
ization, Red Cross in- 
structors were sent to the clubs. Seventy 
operators marched in the knitting section 
of the Red Cross division in the inspiring 
Liberty Loan parade which took place re- 
cently in Milwaukee. Judging from the 
picture, the Kilbourn girls are progressing 
rapidly in the art of knitting. They have 
already knitted more than eight sweaters 
and ten pairs of wristlets. Reports from 
all clubs indicate that Milwaukee operators 
are doing a 'big bit' for Uncle Sam." 

It is not only in doing things, but in 
refraining from doing things that the girls 
are helping at this time. The question of 
food conservation is on everyone's lips, and 
the wheatless, meatless days are being ob- 
served. The girls are cheerfully eating 
rye bread and spaghetti and responding 
kindly to the advice not to waste. 

At Margaret Mackin Hall, Warrenville, 
they have set the "ball rolling" and the 
girls are often gathered knitting. One of 
the girls writes, "Miss Reuse is our teacher 



and though my own dear mother taught 
me when a child, still I have to have tan- 
gles straightened out. I am on my second 
sweater. Reing a veteran's daughter, I 
feel that I must kn.it lots." 

Knitting Song 

"Wound in a knot of soft brown wool— 

Oh, if you only knew ! 
Pride and laughter and joy and tears, 




Red Cross Work of Chicago 
Clerical Force 

The Bell Telephone auxiliary of the 
American Red Cross, composed of young 
women from the clerical departments, has 
been working faithfully every Tuesday 
evening since the latter part of June. Ap- 
proximately 7,000 standard surgical dress- 
ings have been turned over to the Chicago 
chapter of the Red 
Cross and the work 
has been highly com- 
mended by the surgical 
dressings committee. 
Many of the dressings 
have been placed in 
sample boxes for use 
by other teaching cen- 
ters, and others have 
been included in ship- 
ments to France. Much 
credit is due the young 
women who have giv- 
en their time to this 
excellent work. 



KN 

Left to right— 
Irma Schaus, Clara 
Krauss, Charlotte 
Muth. Bottom row 



ITTERS AT KILBOURN OFFICE, MILWAUKEE. 

-Top row : Misses Lida Kilb, Elizabeth Niebler, Lillian Krause, 
Gaedke. Center row: Misses Mamie Weber, Anna Meindel, Minnie 
Geisinger, Mrs. Georgina Henze, Misses Ruth Geisinger, Clara 

: Misses Olga Killian, Hattie Berndt, Pearl Stark, Martha Fenzel. 



All my prayers through the coming years, 
All of my love for you. 



Nurses Hold 
Luncheon 

Miss King, head 
nurse at Montgomery 
Ward and Company, 
gave a delightful 
luncheon to a group of 
nurses of large indus- 
trial plants on Thurs- 
day, November 1st. 
Miss Patterson and 
Mrs. Dewhurst were 
present and report a 
most profitable and en- 
joyable visit. In the 
library they saw some beautiful scrapbooks, 
which the girls have been making for the 
soldier boys. A hint for our girls. 



"Caught in a stitch, just my heart, dear 
boy, 

Ties that will hold it true; 
Hundreds of stitches, and row on row, 
Telling again what you surely know— 

All of my pride for you. 

"See how I've tangled in all this wool 

Something I can't undo: 
You who a nation's wrongs redress, 
Surely I owe you happiness, 

Laughter and joy for you. 

"Dare I shed tears on the soft brown wool? 

Were they as bright as dew, 
Would they bring peace to my hero's soul? 
Nay, so I knit a tiny hole, 

And let all the tears slip through." 

— R. D. in "A Line o' Type" in The Chi- 
cago Tribune. 



More War Time Recipes 

CORN BREAD. 

One and one-half cups corn meal, one 
tablespoon lard, one and one-half cup flour, 
one teaspoon salt, half cup sugar, three 
teaspoons baking powder, two eggs (beat- 
en). Add milk and water to make batter 
as for layer cake. Bake forty minutes. 
NUT BREAD. 

One egg, one teaspoon salt, scant cup 
sugar, three teaspoons (heaping) baking 
powder, one and one-fourth cups milk, 
three and one-half cups flour, one cup 
English walnut meats cut up. Let rise 
one hour or a little less. Bake in moder- 
ate oven one hour. 

BRAN GEMS. 

Half cup wheat bran, half cup white 
flour, half cup milk, one saltspoon salt, one 
egg (beaten), three tablespoons molasses, 
one teaspoon baking powder. Mix and bake 
in moderate oven thirty to forty minutes. 
CANDY. 

'Pest Hnd of fudge and inexpensive.) 

Two cups sugar, one cup milk, one table- 
spoon of butter, one tablespoon of cocoa. 

Boil until it forms a little ball when 
dropped in cold water and worked about 
with finr.ers. Set dish in pan of cold water 
a few minutes, then beat until stiff. Then 
knead it with hands about three minutes. 
Smooth out on a plate and cut Into squares. 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



25 



ORIGINALITY AND FINENESS OF DETAIL 

SYMBOLIZED IN THE LATEST BLOUSES 

The Most Practical Are So Designed that the Frills May Be Worn Quite Separate from the Waist 





Top row, from left to right — waist No. 7456. Sizes of pattern, 34 to 46 
inches bust. Price of pattern, 20c. Waist No. 7358. Sizes 34 to 44 inches bust. 
Price of pattern, 20c. 

Bottom row, from left to right— Skirt No. ,7470. Sizes 24 to 36 inches 
waist. Price of pattern 20c. Waist No. 7447. Sizes 34 to 46 inches bust. Price 
of pattern 20c. Waist No. 7361. Sizes 34 to 46 inches bust. Price of pattern 
20c. Skirt No. 7457. Sizes 24 to 30 inches waist. Price 20c. 




By Maude Hall 

Pretty blouses are legion, but it requires 
diligent search to find models that are 
smart, distinctive, practical and moderate in 
price at the same time. Originality and 
fineness of detail characterize the newest 
models, however, to a greater degree than 
in any previous season. 

In their efforts after originality the de- 
signers have utilized the surplice closing 
and countless variations of neck and arm- 
hole treatment. The daintiest models are, 
of course, hand made, but their design is 
simple so that they offer few difficulties, if 



any, for women who are doing their own 
sewing in this season of conservation. 

Satin, crepe de chine, crepe georgette 
chiffon seem to have supplanted net, lace 
and the lingerie materials for fashionable 
waists. When net and lace are used they 
are generally in combination with other 



Patterns for Bell News Designs 

The designs shown on this page 
are supplied by The Pictorial Review, 
New York. Patterns may be secured 
from any Pictorial Review agency. 



fabrics. The new shades of gray are so 
charming in the soft, lustrous satins that 
they are irresistible. The woman who finds 
it hard to get something to her liking will 
be pleased with a satin blouse in artillery 
gray with collar of embroidered crepe geor- 
gette. Bands of satin outline the georgette 
giving substance to the collar. Of course 
when limited to the most practical uses, the 
collar may be confined to the satin. Hand- 
work on blouses runs to tucking, open 
stitching, braiding and hand embroidery. An 
air of simplicity must prevail in the decora- 



26 



BELL TELEPHONE/NEW^ 



tion ; extreme daintiness rather than any 
pretentiousness is the rule. 

Collars are the details with which the 
designers take the greatest liberties; high 
necked arrangements are seen upon many 
of the new model blouses, but the vast ma- 
jority are frankly open in front. When 
extraordinarily low a vest is added. Jabots 
are exceedingly a la mode, as are also large 
collars with front extensions that may be 
converted into anything from patch pockets 
to sash ends. On the whole the collar roll- 
ing up against the neck a little in the back 
and opening away from the throat in front 
is the popular compromise. 

Sleeveless effects are featured in over- 
blouses of satin to wear with separate 
waists and skirts. These blouses are all of 
the slip-over variety, but very graceful in 
line. When created for independent wear 
the blouses sometimes combine as many as 
three different materials. One of the im- 
ported effects that illustrates this point has 
a foundation of dark blue satin worn over 
a guimpe of chiffon with collar and sleeve 
trimmings of exquisite panne velvet. The 
large armholes are hemstitched, the neck 
being cut to form an unusually deep V. The 
fullness at the waist is held in with a belt 
of satin and flare cuffs finish the sleeves. 

An excellent blouse in white satin has a 
tucked vest cut off in square effect at the 
top, the neck being finished with a collar of 
soft-material edged with lace. Groups of 
embroidered dots in delicate pink add to 
the effectiveness of the decoration on the 
front of the waist. 

Bretelles are admirable for waists for 
which a dressy effect is desired without any- 
thing that smacks of over-elaboration. When 
made of beaded or embroidered satin and 
applied to simple waists of georgette they 
are exceedingly dainty and desirable. Us- 
ually with the bretelles are combined the 
open-front idea — that is a straight, plain 
vest with V or square-shaped neck extend- 
ing to the belt without interruption. 

In addition to laundering well, crepe 
georgette and chiffon cloth have another 
advantage over crisp materials in that they 
make artistic jabots. One of the greatest 
drawbacks to the universality of frills and 
jabots has been the difficulty in keeping 
tnem fresh and immaculate. 

When speaking of variations one must 
not omit the bib collar, cut out in square or 
shallow round neck line and allowed to 
fall deeply over the bodice or blouse front. 
This bib is nar- 



lease of life to the separate skirt, 
which is quite as attractively varied as 
the blouse. Broadcloth, velvet, velveteen, 
tricotine, serge and satin are the fabrics 
utilized in making most of the models dis- 
played in smart shops. Plaits and gathers 
are both so highly approved of fashion, that 
they are a matter of personal taste. Tucks 
are stylish and are recommended wherever 
the figure permits of their use. Belts and 
pockets are other details not to be over- 
looked, because they are arranged with such 
cleverness and ingenuity. The newest skirts 
are narrower than those of last season, de- 
pending upon the plaits and other artifices 
to simulate width. , 



CONSTRUCTION GUIDE 7377 

uoiuw 



Home Dressmaker's Corner 

Courtesy Pictorial Review 



Already well-dressed women are looking 
toward fashions for winter, the shops of- 
fering splendid hints of advance modes. 
Waists are particularly interesting, as they 
are going to be featured prominently dur- 
ing the coming season. A dainty conceit 
in satin and crepe georgette exploits a 
large collar which extends down in revers 
effect to the waistline. The style of collar 
may be changed, however, to a round out- 
line. The sleeveless waist has large arm- 
holes and is worn over a front-closing body 
that is faced in vest effect. Flare cuffs 
finish the sleeves which are adjusted to the 
armholes of the underbody. In medium 
size the waist requires one and one-fourth 
yards thirty-six-inch satin for blouse and 
two yarcjs forty-inch crepe georgette for 
underbody and sleeves. 

The guides for cutting and making the 
waist will save the home dressmaker from 
mistakes, if faithfully followed in connec- 
tion with other directions. Two open 
widths of material, with right sides facing, 
are required to cut the sleeves, front, cuffs 
and sleeveband, so that each section will 
be in duplicate. The sleeve is laid with 
large "O" perforations along a lengthwise 
thread, just as shown in the guide. To 
the upper left of the sleeve, place the cuff, 
then to the right of the cuff lay the sleeve- 
band, both with large "O" perforations on 
a lengthwise thread. The straight edge of 
the front rests along the selvage and the 
large "O" perforations on a lengthwise 
thread of material. 

Next, fold the material for the back, col- 



5ELVAGE. EDGES , 



shoulders and 
round at the 
back, as a rule. 
If desired it 
may be of con- 
trasting mate- 
rial. 

The contin- 
ued popularity 
of the blouse 
gives a new 










[_yE_STcJ \ 


f BRCK G | 

a ttt 1 


XcollArI 

1 T 1 



UNDERBODY 





MATERIAL OPEN 



lar and vest. Place the back and collar 
on the lengthwise fold and the vest oppo- 
site the back. The collar will have to be 
pieced, as shown in the cutting guide. 
The front of the underbody is laid along 



the lengthwise fold of material, but not 
directly on it, as the large "O" perfora- 
tions must rest on a lengthwise thread. 
The square collar, however, rests on the 
fold with the back opposite, large "O" 
perforations resting on a lengthwise thread. 

To have the square neck, cut out neck of 
front along small "o" perforations after 
turning the hem and use the applied vest. 
Turn under the front edge of the front of 
the underbody on line of small "o" per- 
forations, the underbody front from edge 
to two and one-half inches beyond center- 
front. Close unto form an underfacing, to 
begin the construction properly, then baste 
the neck edges together. The center of the 
front is indicated by the large "O" perfora- 
tions. For simulated vest, face under-arm 
and shoulder seams as notched. Close cen- 
ter-back seam. Plait lower edge of front 
placing "T" on corresponding small "o" 
perforations and tack. Adjust two inch belt- 
ing to position underneath underbody at 
lower edge for a stay. 

Now arrange the vest on right under- 
body front with center-fronts and lower 
edges even ; tack to position, matching sin- 
gle large "O" perforations at top of vest 
and in front of underbody. 

Next, gather the lower edge of the sleeve 
between "T" perforations. Sew sleeve- 
band to sleeve as notched, edges even. 
Close seam of sleeve and sleeveband as 
notched. Sew flare cuff to sleeveband as 
notched, bringing small "o" perforation at 
top of cuff to seam of sleeveband. Lay a 
plait in sleeveband, placing "T" on small 
"o" perforation and snap to position. Ad- 
just sleeve on underbody at indicating 
small "o" perforations in front and back ; 
bring small "o" perforation at top of sleeve 
to shoulder seam and seam in sleeve to 
under-arm seam ; match single large and 
double small "oo" perforations in sleeve 
and in underbody, easing in any fullness 
between the perforations. 

Face collar and sew to neck edge and to 
front of outer waist as notched, center- 
backs even ; if large collar is used, roll as 
illustrated ; tack lower edge to position. 

Arrange outer waist on underbody with 
center-backs, lower and neck edges even 
and bring lower front edge of front to 
center-front of underbody. Stitch lower 
edges to position. 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



27 



Provisions of New Income Tax Law 

INDIVIDUAL INCOME TAX. 

The War Revenue Act of 1917, containing the War Income Tax (retroactive to January 1, 1917), was approved by the President 
October 3, 1917, and took effect October 4, 1917. This Act levies an additional tax on incomes, the Income Tax Law of 1916 con- 
tinuing in effect with some modifications. 

Normal Tax: The normal tax of 2 per cent is doubled for citizens and residents of the United States, and as to the additional 2 
per cent the personal exemptions are $1,000 and $2,000 respectively for single and married persons, with $200 additional exemption for 
each dependent child; this exemption on account of dependent children is also allowed in connection with the exemptions of $3,000 and 
$4,000 for the existing normal tax. Returns of net income are required of single persons who have $1,000 and married persons who 
have $2,000. Heads of families are allowed the same exemptions as married persons. 

The withholding of tax at the source on salaries is abolished. We understand that any deductions made by the Company during 
1917 are to be paid back, and that the total tax will be paid direct to the Government by the individuals. 

Blanks will be furnished by the Government on which to report income and compute the tax. The table below shows 
the amount of tax on incomes up to $5,000 for single persons and for married persons with no dependent children and also with one 
dependent and with two dependent children. 

In making returns to the Government, in certain cases deductions will be allowed for interest, taxes, etc. In such cases this will 
slightly reduce the amount shown in this table. 

There are a number of points in this law which are not clear and which will have to be covered by rulings from the Commissioner 
of Internal Revenue. These points as a rule apply to incomes in excess of $5 i 000 a year. 

■ Any employes wishing assistance in making out the returns to the Government, after the blanks have been furnished, can secure it 
by communicating with Mr. W. R. Hearne, Room 1502, 212 West Washington Street, Chicago. Mr. Hearne can be reached on the tele- 



phone by calling Local 565. 



COMPUTATION OF INCOME TAX. 



INCOME. 



TOTAL TAX. 



INCOME. 



B. S. GARVEY, 

General Auditor. 



TOTAL TAX. 







No 










No 










Dependent 


One 


Tno 






Dependent 


One 


Two 


Single. 


Married. 


Children. 


Child. 


Children. 


Single. 


Married. 


Children. 


Child. 


Children 


$1,000 


$2,000 


None 


None 


None 


$3,000 


$4,000 


$40 


$36 


$32 


2,000 


2,000 


$20 


$16 


$12 


3,100 


4,100 


44 


38 


34 


2,100 


3.100 


22 


18 


14 


3,200 


4,200 


48 


40 


36 


2,200 


3,200 


24 


20 


16 


3,300 


4,300 


52 


44 


38 


2,300 


3,300 


26 


22 


18 


3.400 


4.400 


56 


48 


40 


2,400 


3,400 


28 


24 


20 


3,500 


4,500 


60 


52 


44 


2,500 


3,500 


30 


26 


22 


3,600 


4.600 


64 


56 


48 


2,600" 


3,600 


32 


28 


24 


3,700 


4,700 


68 


60 


52 


2,700 


3.700 


34 


30 


26 


3,800 


4,800 


72 


64 


56 


2,800 


3,800 


36 


32 


28 


3,900 


4,900 


76 


68 


60 


2,900 


3,900 


38 


34 


30 


4,000 


5,000 


80 


72 


64 








5,000 


120 







MACK TRUCKS 

This MACK worm drive truck is one of a number of MACK Trucks in the 
Chicago Telephone Company service. 

MACK truck construction embodies the happy combination of simplicity 
and ruggedness, with all motor parts accessible and easily removable, with 
large bearings and especially heat treated steel, insuring long operation with 
a minimum of overhaul costs. 



Write for Specifications 

Complete Line of 
MACK TRUCKS 
1 to 1\ Tons 

International Motor Co. 

NEW YORK 




28 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Public Utilities Commission 



Ordinance Imposing Rental Charge for 
Occupation of Streets with Poles Held 
Invalid. 

Supreme Court of Washington. 

The Pacific Telephone and Telegraph 
Company sought to have declared void an 
ordinance imposing an annual charge of 
50 cents for each pole maintained in the 
streets of the city. Complainants were 
operating in said city under a 25-year fran- 
chise granted by the city in 1896, which 
contained provision as to rates and pro- 
vided for the maintenance upon com- 
plainants' poles of fire alarm and police 
wires ; and also provided that the city 
should be furnished with telephones at cer- 
tain rates. In 1912 the city, pursuant to 
a constitutional provision, adopted its own 
charter which contained a provision that 
a charge of 50 cents per annum should be 
imposed for the maintenance of each pole 
in the streets, and pursuant to said char- 
ter provision the ordinance in question 
was passed in 1915. Judgment sustaining 
demurrer to complaint was reversed and 
cause remanded with instructions to over- 
rule said demurrer. 

Held : As the ordinance imposed a 
rental charge for the use of the streets 
and thereby created an additional burden 
upon complainants, it impaired complain- 
ants' contract with the city under the terms 
of the franchise of 1896, and was, there- 
fore, invalid. 

Annexation of Territory in a City Does 
Not Automatically Operate to Reduce 
Existing Street Railway Fares. 

California Railroad Commission. 
In a complaint instituted by the City of 
Los Angeles against the Pacific Electric 
Railway Company the Commission held 
among other things, that while it would, 
no doubt, be to the advantage of certain 
residents and property owners of the dis- 
tricts affected by these proceedings to se- 
cure reductions in the present fares, the 
public in general, as well as the carrier, 
have an interest in the margin of safety 
due to a public utility, and, therefore, this 
Commission must and will take into con- 
sideration not only these complainants, 
but the rights of defendant and all other 
interests served by this defendant, whose 
legitimate investments should not be in- 
jured. 

The mere fact that territory is annexed 
to a city does not automatically operate 
to reduce existing fares which are higher 
than five cents to five cents if the higher 
fares are justifiable. This rule has been 
previously declared by this Commission in 
Froelich v. Los Angeles R. Cor. 3 Cal. R. 
C. R. 30, 31, wherein Commissioner Edger- 
ton said : "The boundaries of the city of 
Los Angeles are not at all regular in 
shape, consequently a line in one direction 
might reach a considerable distance beyond 
the city limits and at the same time the 



terminus thereof be a shorter distance 
from the center of population in Los 
Angeles than would a line operating in the 
other direction wholly within the city. . . . 
Because a city annexes adjoining territory 
making its boundary lines extremely ir- 
regular, it does not follow that a street 
railway system should be required to al- 
ways extend its five-cent fare zone to con- 
form to the new boundary lines." 

Complainants have not proved the rates 
to be discriminatory, neither has it been 
shown that the districts in question fur- 
nish a traffic of sufficient volume to justify 
a street car fare of five cents, and the 
Commission finds that the charges and 
fares to the points and places designated 
in the complaints herein, which were law- 
fully in effect November 3, 1914, are justi- 
fied. 

This Commission can only prescribe just 
and reasonable rates, and after careful de- 
liberation upon all the elements in these 
cases and the effect upon the revenue 
which would result from the reductions de- 
manded by complainants, is of the opinion 
that the facts do not sustain the com- 
plaints, and recommends that the cases be 
dismissed. 

Subscriber Presumed to Know Condi- 
tions of Contract. 

The Quebec Circuit Court, Quebec, Canada. 

The Bell Telephone Company of Canada 
sued one Zarbatany to recover $41.50 
claimed to be due under a contract for 
telephone service, $8.15 of the amount rep- 
resenting service actually furnished and 
the balance being claimed as liquidated 
damages for the unexpired portion of the 
contract. The contract was in the stand- 
ard form used by the company and was 
for one year's service, rental to be paid 
quarterly in advance. It was provided in 
the contract that service might be discon- 
tinued for non-payment of charges, and 
that in case the contract was canceled or 
service was discontinued because of any 
default of the subscriber's the charge for 
the current calendar quarter should be 
forthwith payable without deduction or 
abatement for the unexpired portion 
thereof. It was further provided that 
should any of such events happen within 
the initial period of the contract there 
should forthwith become payable to the 
company the charge for the unexpired 
portion of the initial term as liquidated 
damages. Zarbatany defaulted upon one 
of his quarterly payments and the com- 
pany, after notifying him, discontinued 
his service and claimed the balance of the 
first year's rental as liquidated damages. 

Zarbatany admitted liability for the 
$8.15, but denied liability for the remain- 
ing sum, on the ground that he was a 
Syrian and was unable to read English and 
that the contract was not understood by 



Rulings 

or explained to him and that he had signed 
it in error. He further claimed that the 
conditions on the back of the contract 
were never brought to his notice and that, 
moreover, the company had no right to 
claim unearned profits under the name 
of liquidated damages. 

The Quebec Circuit Court rendered judg- 
ment for the company for the full amount 
claimed, holding that a subscriber having 
signed the contract must be presumed to 
have known the conditions both on the 
back and front thereof, since the front of 
the contract referred to the conditions on 
the back. 

All Contracts Subject to Exercise of 
Police Power — United Telephone Com- 
pany Granted a Franchise from City 
of Woodburn, Oregon. 

The city of Woodburn granted a fran- 
chise to the United Telephone Company 
permitting it to construct and operate with- 
in the city. The franchise fixed the maxi- 
mum rates to be charged. The company 
constructed its plant and transferred the 
plant and its franchise to the Western 
Telephone Company, which secured from 
the Public Service Commission authority 
to increase the rates on condition that it 
consolidate with a competing company. 
The consolidation was effected and a 
schedule containing the increased rates filed 
with the commission. Thereupon the city 
commenced a suit to vacate the order of 
the commission and to enjoin the company 
from charging any greater rates than those 
fixed in the franchise and, after a trial, 
the Circuit Court of Oregon vacated the 
order of the commission and enjoined the 
company from charging rates in excess of 
those fixed in the franchise. An appeal 
was taken to the Supreme Court of Ore- 
gon. 

The Supreme Court held that where an 
owner of property devoted it to a use in 
which the public is interested, he must sub- 
mit to be regulated and controlled by the 
public for the common good. Therefore, 
the regulation of rates is an exercise of 
the police power of the sovereign. If the 
company's franchise is to be deemed a con- 
tract, the mere fact that it was made prior 
to the enactment of the Public Utility Act 
and before the State attempted to regulate 
rates does not debar the State from increas- 
ing the rates fixed in the franchise, since 
when the State exercises its police power 
it does not work any impairment of the 
obligation of the contract, the possibility of 
the exercise of such power being an im- 
plied term of the contract. 

The court, therefore, held that the order 
of the commission authorizing the estab- 
lishment of rates higher than those fixed 
in the franchise was valid, and that the in- 
junction restraining its enforcement should 
he dissolved. 



Bell Telephones 

AND CONNECTIONS 

In the Territory of the 

Central Group of Companies 



NOVEMBER 1, 1917 



ILLINOIS 



OHIO 



INDIANA 



MICHIGAN 



WISCONSIN 



Regular 

680,894 
256,748 
122,207 
265,333 

176,474 
1,501,656 



Connected 

284.416 
237,463 
227,387 
84,794 

156,701 
990,761 



Total 

965 310 
494,211 
349,594 
350,127 

333,175 
2,492,417 



BELL' TELEPHONE* NEWJ 



ONE POLICY 


UNIVERSAL SERVICE 


one: system 


Volume 7 


CHICAGO, ILL., DECEMBER, 1917 


Number 5 



Cfjrtgtma* Jffles&age 

Two thousand years ago a new era, a 
new religion, dawned upon the world. We 
are approaching the anniversary of that 
dawning. 

Whatever of civilization, of freedom, or 
of liberty we have and enjoy, comes from 
the subordination by man of human 
passion and selfishness because of the 
teachings, the incarnation or reincarna- 
tion of the ideals and principles of that 
religion. 

Peace and good will on earth to men. 
Peace on earth to men of good-will is the 
basis of liberty of mankind. 

Our democracy is based on liberty, the 
liberty of all to live and enjoy life, the 
fullest liberty to each individual consistent 
with the same right to all other individuals. 
More is impossible. 

Under this civilization has come greater 
peace throughout the world. Wider inter- 
communication and more neighborly feel- 
ing towards our fellow-men have been de- 
veloped. Wonderful instrumentalities of 
transportation and communication have 
built up that world-wide social and eco- 
nomic organization which brings within 
the reach of all so much which would be 
impossible without it. 

Man's self-dependence, or independence 
of others, has passed, but in its place have 
come greater possibilities of life. De- 
pendence of man upon man implies service 
of man to man. 

To maintain democracy, civilization and 
service, convention, regulation and law, an 
organized government is necessary. 

The difference between the organization 
of the government by democracy and that 
by autocracy is that democracy is govern- 
ment by the will of the governed, and not 
the government of a few acting by usurped 
power or that of an insurgent minority. 

Government by democracy must be en- 
forced as vigorously, impartially, unflinch- 
ingly as that by any other government. 

They who differ may express their dif- 
ference, may do all possible to convert oth- 
ers, so long as it is not done in open defi- 
ance or in active rebellion, and so long as 
their actions are subordinated to the will 
and authority of the majority. 

If and when a majority of all cannot be 
trusted to express the will of a people, 
cannot be trusted to act wisely, and all are 
not willing to abide by it, any government 
except government by force will fail. 

Our democracy is now threatened from 




THEODORE N. VAIL. 



without and the democracy of the whole 
world is at stake. 

The protection of our democracy must 
come from those it protects. Every indi- 
vidual, to its protection, owes all life, lib- 
erty, substance. To the protection of that 
democracy he must if necessary devote all. 

We who have served the Bell System 
know what service means, but only in a 
degree, however, is the service we have 
learned to be likened to the service for 
which we are now called upon. 

Many of us are already serving at the 
front. All of us are serving in some way 
and are ready to serve wherever we can 
and are needed. 

To the members of the Bell System the 



opportunity for the gift of service is par- 
ticularly great. Each individual, man or 
woman, in the service of the government 
or the company is responsible in a large 
degree for the country's safety and wef 1 
fare, for the success of liberty and democ- 
racy the world over, for the future free- 
dom of humanity. 

Let us dedicate to our country, in what- 
ever way, whenever and wherever we may 
be called, our unhesitating, unflinching 
service, implicit in its obedience and sub- 
ordination to duty and authority. 




BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



The Month in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois 



News Notes and Personal Items of Interest 



Ohio Division 



O. H. Morris, Correspondent, 
Columbus 



Akron District 

Mrs. Katherine Betsinger and Mrs. 
Mayme Duncan, local operators, have re- 
turned from leaves of absence. 

Mrs. Ada Poling, local operator, has re- 
signed to accept a position as operator with 
the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company. 

Mrs. Iva Rose, local supervisor, has re- 
signed and left the city. 

Miss Alma Conrad, toll operator, has re- 
signed to be married. 

Miss Mabel McDonnel, toll chief opera- 
ator, spent two days recently visiting the 
American Telephone and Telegraph Com- 
pany at Cleveland. 

R. E. Marburger, traffic chief, has re- 
turned from a vacation spent with rela- 
tives and friends at Columbus. 



Columbus District 

Her many friends cordially welcomed 
Miss Carrie Duvall, who has resumed her 
duties in the connecting company depart- 
ment after an extended leave of absence 
because of ill health. 

The local commercial offices at Colum- 
bus have been extensively remodeled and 
redecorated and present a fine appearance. 
The new arrangement provides much bet- 
ter working conditions for the force and 
is also more convenient for the public. 

The plant superintendent's offices and 
those of the plant accountant have been 
moved to commodious quarters at 199 East 
Gay street. The space vacated has been 
devoted to the growing needs of the traffic 
department. The last possible section has 
been installed in Main exchange and the 
operators' quarters and school have been 
enlarged. 

J. H. Kirby of the commercial depart- 
ment, who has been the Ohio correspondent 
for the News for several months, has en- 
listed in the army and left on October 30th 
for Camp Sheridan, Montgomery, Ala. Mr. 
Kirby was made a sergeant in the Ord- 
nance Corps of the Ohio National Guard. 



Death of Judge Hughes and 
John F. Courcier 

Within a few days of each other two men 
connected with the Public Utilities Com- 
mission of Ohio, both of whom have made 
many and lasting friendships among tele- 
phone men, have died. One was Judge 
Oliver H. Hughes of Hillsboro, O., for 
many years a member first of the old rail- 
— U 



road commission and later of the Public 
Utilities Commission ; the other was John 
F. Courcier, for several years supervisor of 
rates and service for the commission. 

Judge Hughes was a very kindly and 
courteous gentleman, of wide knowledge 
concerning utilities and great fairness and 
sound judgment and his loss will be keenly 
felt by the state which he so long and 
faithfully served. 

Mr. Courcier came to the commission 
after a long service with the grain dealers' 
association, during which he had much to 
do with traffic and rates. He established 
an enviable reputation for fairness and 
common sense in his handling of the many 
complaints which passed through his hands. 
Wherever possible he sought by informal 
and personal interviews to settle disputes 
between patrons and utilities in a manner 
which recognized the rights of both parties. 

No finer tribute could be paid to both 
gentlemen than to say that all with whom 
they had relations of any kind sincerely 
mourn their loss. 



Dayton District 

Charles M. Rasor, district chief clerk, 
spent an enjoyable vacation visiting the 
eastern cities of Baltimore, Washington, 
Philadelphia and Atlantic City. The trip 
east was made by automobile with an old 
friend who formerly lived in Dayton and 
now resides in Baltimore. Mr. Rasor re- 
ports a very interesting trip over the moun- 
tains along the old National Trail, stopping 
at Wheeling, Washington, Cumberland and 
Hagerstown. 

Miss Alice Siler, contract clerk, Dayton 
exchange, spent her vacation in Pittsburgh. 
While there she attended the wedding of 
Miss Suzanne Hicks, formally employed 
in the contract department at Dayton. 

Miss Austa Mack, cashier, has returned 
from her vacation which was spent in the 
n ountains of Colorado, Denver and Colo- 
rado Springs. While in Colorado Springs, 
she had the pleasure of visiting the fam- 
ily of A. H. Bretlinger who was formerly 
employed in the contract department, Day- 
ton, and is now chief clerk to the district 
manager of the Springs division, Moun- 
tain States Telephone Company. While 
in the mountains Miss Mack collected sev- 
eral pictures of difftrent points of interest, 
among them the burial place of Col. Wil- 
liam F. Cody, familiarly known as "Buffalo 
Bill." 

Miss Katharine McNamara, stenographer 
in the district manager's office, enjoyed a 
very pleasant vacation with relatives in 
Detroit. 

Chief Clerk Wagenfeld of the Dayton 
exchange, attended the world's series at 



Chicago, during his vacation. The trip to 
Chicago was made by auto. 

The Dayton plant department has gradu- 
ally done away with horse drawn equip- 
ment and has been adding motor vehicles 
for the past six months. At the present 
time, it has eleven Ford trucks, one Fed- 
eral truck and eight motorcycles. 

The Dayton exchange office force re- 
cently received letters from Eugene Shenck 
and A. F. Mueller, Dayton exchange boys 
who enlisted in Battery D, First Field Ar- 
tillery, 0. N. G., and are stationed at Camp 
Sheridan, Montgomery, Ala. The boys re- 
port that they are in fine spirits and are 
enjoying camp life to the fullest extent. 

Clyde Boley, time and material clerk in 
the plant department, Dayton, spent his 
vacation with his parents at Celina, O. He 
attended the Mercer county fair and sev- 
eral reunions of the farmers in the vi- 
cinity of his old home. 

Walter Schachinger, who was formerly 
employed at the Dayton exchange as test 
man in the wire chief's office and after- 
wards transferred to the Toledo exchange, 
has returned from Toledo and taken up 
his old duties at Dayton. 

William Boesel, who has been employed 
in the commercial department at Dayton 
for the past sixteen years, spent a very 
enjoyable vacation during October, visit- 
ii.g relatives and friends at Fort Wayne, 
and Payne, O. 



Recent Contracts Secured 

The following private branch exchange 
contracts were recently secured at the Day- 
ton exchange by B. F. Kuhns, commercial 
agent : 

Sta- 

Trunks. tions. 

Joseph Hertsaum Co 1 6 

Standard Register Co 1 7 

Burnett Larsh Mfg. Co 1 6 

The Mutual Home Savings Co 2 11 

Schenck and Williams 2 8 

McCook Field, U. S. Signal Corps. . 3 9 

Airplane Engineering Dept 3 13 

Governor James M. Cox of Ohio... 1 9 

Dayton Wright Airplane Co 8 66 

Domestic Engineering Co 3 10 

The installation of the private exchanges 
has been completed at the Wilbur Wright 
aviation field at Fairfield, a few miles from 
Dayton. This work was done under the 
personal supervision of E. J. Roose, dis- 
trict plant chief, and the equipment con- 
sists of two 320-line switchboards, six 
trunks and 200 stations. 

Other telephones were installed in the 
temporary quarters of Frank-Hill Smith, 
general contractors, who are erecting for 
the United States government two large 
supply depots. As soon as the buildings 
are completed a private branch exchange 
will be installed. 

Contracts have also been secured for the 
installation of a private branch exchange 



BELL TELEPHONE * NEWJ 



3 



at McCook Field for 
the United States Sig- 
nal Corps and the air- 
plane engineering de- 
partment located in 
the Lindsey building. 
The latter governmen- 
tal department also re- 
cently installed a di- 
rect talking circuit be- 
t w e e n Washington, 
D. C, and Dayton, O., 
terminating in its of- 
fice. 



from seven to 



Toledo District 

Manager J. A. Ful- 
ler recently gave a din- 
ner to the boys in the 
plant department at 
Athens in honor of 
their long and pleas- 
ant association togeth- 
er in the' exchange. All 
who were present have 
held the same positions 
twelve years. 

The new telephone building at Findlay 
is rapidly nearing completion. The outside 
work and plastering are completed. It is 
expected that the contractor will be able 
to turn the building over to the company 
about December loth. Two car loads of 
the equipment have arrived from the West- 
ern Electric Company, and the work of in- 
stalling the apparatus will probably com- 
mence as soon as the building is finished. 

R. T. Hewlett, lineman at Findlay ; W. B. 
Snyder, repairman at Findlay, and A. F. 
Sailor, toll wire chief at Lima, have en- 
listed in the Signal Corps. Mr. Hewlett is 
at Camp Funston, Fort Rile)-, Kan., and 




"Cap" Lime tips the 
scales at 312 pounds, 
yet none of his men 
is more active or 
works harder. H i s 
ability to inspire en- 
thusiasm and his ex- 
ecutive ability contrib- 
ute much to the suc- 
cess of which his men 
holds a record of 
securing an average of 
more than fifty con- 
tracts apiece in one 
day. 



PLANT DEPARTMENT GROUP AT A.THENS. 
Left to right — Bernard Rosser, repairman; Harry Dalton, lineman; Fred Wood- 
ruff, repairman; Thomas Rosser, toll wire chief, and J. A. Fuller, manager. 



Messrs. Snyder and Sailor are at Camp 
Gordon, Atlanta, Ga. 



Ohio Division Flying Squadron 

For several years there has existed in the 
Ohio division an organization known as 
the Flying Squadron. In times of peace or 
ordinary business conditions the men com- 
posing this organization are employed as 
commercial agents in the various ex- 
changes throughout the state. Whenever 
a canvass is desired in any district, they 
are mobilized under the leadership of R. 
H. Lime and can be counted upon to clean 
up the job in record time, with the accent 
upon "clean," for their work is always 
conscientious. 



All Face One Way 

In spite of the sad- 
ness and horror kin- 
dled by the war, there 
is a mysterious peace 
and happiness in all 
our hearts. We won- 
der why we are not al- 
together discouraged 
and broken-spirited over that "fright- 
fulness" of which our daily papers are so 
full, and why, at times, we feel a certain 
sense of lightness and exultation. It is 
because we are conscious of harmonious 
action as a nation. It is because we are 
doing something in unison as a great and 
determined people. It is because our hearts 
are vibrating together with divine emo- 
tions. 

Let us keep in step. We must mimimize 
all differences. It is our duty to allay dis- 
cordant notes and to stay in tune. It is 
this sense of united effort which exults us 
— this mythical systole of a hundred million 
hearts, "In unity there is strength." — Cin- 
cinnati Enquirer. 




lT,YINO SQUADRON AT PIQUA, O., DURING THE CANVASS IN CONNECTION WITH CONSOLIDATION THERE. 
Left to right— W. <:. Newton, special agent; W. R. Brock, P. W. Jarvls, T. C. Tharpe, P. D. Thompson, W. E. Webster, W. J. Valois, 
L. P. Nardlni, J. C. Gordon, A. L. Gray, R. Chrisman, W. S. Smith, Joseph A. Garretson, J. C. Manpnn, J. T. Rabitzer, J. C. Chilcote, R. 

W. Sinks, .!. A. Gease; seated, R. H. Lime. 

U— 



4 



BE11TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



Indiana Division 

O. H. Whitham, Correspondent, 
Indianapolis 

Indianapolis District 

B. G. Halstead, district equipment super- 
visor, has been transferred to the engi- 
neering office in charge of valuation work. 
H. L. Terrell has been appointed to assume 
Mr. Halstead's former duties and W. L. 
Parrish succeeds Mr. Terrell as equipment 
foreman. 

Lawrence Freeman, who attended the 
second officers' reserve training camp at 
Indianapolis, has been appointed a first 
lieutenant and assigned to the Signal Corps. 

Sixteen private branch exchange con- 
tracts were secured in Indianapolis during 
the month of October. 

An honor roll has been placed in the 
lobby of the main building with 11G names 
and a service flag at the front entrance 
with 116 stars, one for each employe who 
has enlisted in the service of his country. 

Clarence R. Dersch, paymaster of the 
traffic department, has enlisted with the 
Second Indiana Field Artillery. 

Personal Notes 
Main 

Miss Cecil Smith, Main chief operator, 
spent one week of her vacation at Terre 
Haute. 

Miss Helen Trine has been promoted to 
assistant repair clerk, succeeding Miss Mar- 
garet Reisert. 

Mrs. Minnie Phillips has been promoted 
to assistant time clerk, succeeding Miss 
Ruth Linton. 

Miss Muriel Kingsley, Main "B" super- 
visor, has resigned and accepted a posi- 
tion with the Weidley Motors Company. 

Miss Hester Newman, Main "B" super- 
visor, has been transferred to Montgomery, 
Ala. 

Miss Pearl Burgess has been promoted 
from operator to supervisor. 

Misses Mary Lyons and Dollie Kight 
have been transferred from Prospect to 
Main. 

Miss Ruth Lear has been promoted from 
work order clerk to chief clerk for the 
Main chief operator. 

Miss Martha Flynn has been transferred 
from the information desk to the chief 
operator's desk. 

Woodruff 

Mrs. Mary Rebholz, matron at the Wood- 
ruff office, spent a week end during Sep- 
tember with her daughter in Marion, Ind. 
The following Monday she entertained 
with a delicious chicken dinner in honor 
of Miss Elma Hohenfeld, Woodruff chief 
operator. The guests were the Misses 
Davis and Grovenor, Woodruff clerks, and 
Mrs. Lida Trites, evening chief operator. 
Mrs. Rebholz was declared the best cook 
ever and those who partook are fervently 
— U 



hoping that she will spend many week ends 
in Marion, if they have the same delightful 
results. 

Miss Alice White, Woodruff supervisor, 
spent a pleasant vacation in Detroit, Mich., 
with friends. 

Miss Frances Gilbert of the Woodruff 
office has returned after a delightful vaca- 
tion spent at the country home of her sis- 
ter near New Point, Ind. 

Miss Helen Geddes enjoyed her vacation 
at the country home of Mrs. Smith near 
Plainfield, Ind. Mrs. Smith was formerly 
Miss Josephine Lasley, an operator at the 
Woodruff office. 

Miss Sophia Leukhardt, Woodruff su- 
pervisor, spent her vacation entertaining 
friends from Dayton, O., and Louisville, 
Ky. Theater parties, luncheons and auto 
trips were enjoyable features. 

Miss Fleeta Steele, Woodruff operator, 
has been ill for some time and recently un- 
derwent an operation for throat trouble. 

Mrs. Rosa Carter, Woodruff supervisor, 
is still at St. Vincent's hospital, where she 
is very ill from a serious surgical opera- 
tion. 

Irvington 

The girls at the Irvington exchange are 
enjoying the new dining room which was 
recently completed. 

Mrs. Edith Mclntire, former work order 
clerk at the Irvington office, has resigned 
to take up her residence at Louisville, Ky. 
Belmont 

Miss Ruby Ehle, all night chief operator 
at Belmont, was recently married. 

Whoever thought that Lula Faulkner 
could learn to knit? 

Miss Mary Broder, who has been with 
the company for ten years, six of them in 
charge of the official P. B. X., has resigned 
to accept a position with the Fletcher 
American bank. Good wishes from the 
Belmont office go with Miss Broder. 

Miss Mary Lawler has been transferred 
to Louisville, Ky. Her former co-workers 
wish her good luck. 

Prospect 

Miss Clara Tiederman recently enter- 
tained for Miss Edith Newsom, who has 
been married to Elmer Butch. A miscel- 
laneous shower was one of the features of 
the evening. 

Miss Nora Thurston, formerly evening 
chief operator at Prospect, has been trans- 
ferred to the Main office. 

Mrs. Esther Potter, formerly North eve- 
ning chief operator, has been appointed 
evening chief operator at Prospect. 



"My America" 

Great interest is being shown in the "My 
America" work in Indianapolis and many 
attend the Tuesday evening meetings where 
knitting is taught, bandages are rolled and 
ether Red Cross work is done. Many of 
the matrons and other girls who know how 
to knit are always present to teach and 
assist those who are learning. 



Lunches are served for the small sum 
of ten cents each. This enables many girls 
to devote an hour or two after five o'clock 
to this work without going home first. 

The presence of the wife of the general 
manager, Mrs. J. W. Stickney, busily en- 
gaged in knitting on the now familiar grey 
sock and patiently helping in the teaching 
is thoroughly appreciated. 

Notes of the Knitters 

Mrs. Fairfield, North chief operator, fin- 
ished the first piece of work for the knit- 
ting league. Miss VVhitmore, North opera- 
tor, followed with another on the same day. 

Miss Faut, toll chief operator, and Miss 
Smith, Main local chief operator, hope to 
average knitting work, as one of them knits 
so tight it takes main force to push the 
stitches forward and the other one knits so 
loosely she is constantly losing her needles. 

Miss Cooper is going to knit a pair of 
socks or a sweater some day, maybe. 

It has been ascertained that the C. U. T. 
auxiliary of the "My America" has sent 
196 magazines to the hospital at Fort Ben- 
jamin Harrison and to the Tenth and 
Forty-fifth regiments. 

Mrs. Hart of the welfare department 
has sold her needles and started to roll 
bandages. 



Liberty Bond Sale in Indian- 
apolis 

In an effort to sell the greatest possible • 
number of Second Liberty Loan Bonds an 
organization was established in Indianap- 
olis in order to solicit every telephone 

employe. 

Mr. Watson was placed in charge of the 
campaign and appointed as his committee 
Mr. Halstead from the plant department, 
Mrs. Hart from the traffic department, Mr. 
Young from the commercial department 
and Mr. Stinson from the Central Union 
printing plant. 

Mr. Halstead's sub-committee consisted 
of the following : Construction department 
and garage, Mr. Frost ; Mr. Thomas' office, 
Mr. Kelly; maintenance department, Mr. 
Page; installation department, Mr. Bacon; 
building department, Mr. Carpenter. 

Mrs. Hart appointed the following sub-, 
committee: Mr. Green's office, Miss Pom- 
merening ; School, Miss DeVries ; Toll, 
Miss Ubele ; Main and Circle, Miss Thurs- 
ton, Miss Wiggam and Miss Campbell ; 
North and Harrison, Miss Putnam ; Wood- 
ruff, Miss Mitchell; Prospect, Miss Light; 
Washington, Miss Gentleman ; Irvington, 
Miss Herzberger ; Belmont, Miss Lavery ; 
Ben Davis, Beech Grove, Southport and 
Cumberland, Mrs. McWhinney. 

A large number of posters were secured 
from the Liberty Loan headquarters and 
placed in the commercial office, operating 
room, rest room and wire chief's office of 
each exchange. On Liberty Loan day 
every person who came to the commercial 
office was asked if he had bought a Lib- 
erty Bond. If not the matter was taken 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



3 



up, and in a number of cases sales were 
made. Every one calling the office by tele- 
phone was asked the same question and 
by sending representatives to residences 
and offices several subscriptions were se- 
cured. 

Liberty Bonds to the amount of $31,400 
were sold. As a total of 500 subscriptions 
were secured, it means that about twenty- 
five per cent, of the Indianapolis force 
took advantage of the opportunity offered. 

Great credit is due the members of the 
various committees who gave the matter 
a great deal of thought and their very best 
efforts. 



Bowling in Indianapolis 

The Commercial team is still out in front 
in the Central Union Bowling League of 
Indianapolis, with the Cable, Wire Chiefs 
and Engineers teams waging a hot fight 
for second place. 

STANDING OF THE TEAMS. 



Team. Won. Lost. Pet. 

Commercial 19 5 .792 

Cable 13 11 .542 

Wire Chiefs 12 12 .500 

Engineers 11 13 .458 

Draftsmen 9 15 .375 

Construction 8 18 .333 



Johnson continues to hold high individ- 
ual average with 180, Dersch coming sec- 
ond with 165. 



Belmont Girls Give Weiner Roast 

The operators at the Belmont office are 
enthusiastic about their beautiful new office, 
but are not yet officially "at home," as 
there has been no house warming. They 
- resolved to celebrate anyway, and held a 
weiner roast at the M. S. A. Girls' Camp, 
chaperoned by Mrs. Davis, house mother 
at the camp. 

Among the guests were operators from 
the North office and Ben Davis office. 

A huge log fire out of doors was the 
central feature. Around this fire gathered 
the Belmont girls and their friends, all 
en masque as Chinamen, topsys, clowns, 
little girls and boys, big girls and boys, Sis 
Hopkins and other celebrities, each armed 
with his or her long stick to roast the 
weiners, which with hot coffee and buns 
made an ideal out of -doors lunch. 

The rooms were decorated with bitter 
sweet berries, and a dance was thoroughly 
enjoyed. 

After this fun, singing and jollity, the 
girls can now await with more dignity the 
formal opening of their beautiful new 
home. 



Election Returns in Indianapolis 

The recent election in Indianapolis 
caused considerably more than the usual 
local interest, as there were three candi- 
dates. • Excitement was at fever heat when 
the polls closed at 6 o'clock. The Indian- 
apolis Star and Indiana Daily Times re- 
quested their readers through large adver- 
tisements on the front page to call by the 
Bell telephone for "Election Bureau." This, 



in addition to subscribers who usually call 
for such information, threw an enormous 
load on the traffic department and others, 
who handled the matter in a very capable 
manner. 

All calls from persons desiring election 
returns were connected through the official 
private branch exchange with the tele- 
phones in the commercial department. The 
entire commercial organization was on 
hand, and an employe was placed at each 
telephone. Although additional facilities 
had been installed for this purpose, it was 
found necessary to make a change in the 
original plans and take care of the over- 
flow at the outside offices through the chief 
operators' desks. Inquiries began to come 
in immediately after the closing of the 
polls and by 6:10 p. m. several hundred 
had been received. The returns were re- 
ceived from the Star and Times over pri- 
vate lines to their offices. Private lines 
were also installed for the University and 
Columbia clubs over which they received 
the returns. The bulletins were placed at 
each telephone and came at the rate of 
about two a minute from six until ten 
o'clock. The Star sent over fifty pound 
boxes of candy and a large number of 
cigars during the evening. 

Too much praise and credit cannot be 
given those who contributed in any way to 
the success of this undertaking. Many 
have spoken of the efficient manner in 
which it was handled and of the courteous 
and satisfactory treatment they received 
when asking for election information. 
Considerable favorable comment was re- 
ceived from the newspapers on the serv- 
ice and cooperation received which enabled 
Indianapolis to learn the results in record 
time. 



Heard at Prospect Switchboard 

Student: "Number, please?" 
Subscriber : "You rang my bell, oper- 
ator." 

Student: "Hang up, please, and I will 
ring it again." 

Opera'tor : "Number, please?" 
Subscriber : "Ring them a long time, op- 
erator, because I don't think they're home." 

Operator: "Number, please?" 
Subscriber : "I want 786. Oh, no, it's 
776." 

Operator : "What is the number, 
please ?" 

Subscriber: "I am calling the Big Four 
roundhouse." 

Operator: "Shall I give you the new 
number clerk?" 

Subscriber : "Oh, have they new num- 
bers ?" 



"Carry On" 

By G. A. Nancarrow. 
You, too, are ones who "carry on" — 
You girls — without a chance to don 
A soldier's uniform. 



And though your rifle is a cord; 
And though your trench is but a board, 
In truth you "carry on." 

You help the mills of business go ; 
You pass the calls of joy and woe, 

Of death, and birth, and love; 
And though but few can see your fight, 
The few who know you, know how bright 

Your tickets read above. 

For we have seen you when the fires, 
And floods and cyclones took your wires ; 

And still you "carried on." 
When dangers threatened you, you stayed 
And fought a man's fight undismayed. 

We know you "carry on." 

So "carry on" we say to you — 
You form an army just as true 

As men who wield the sword. 
And though you can't get in the fray 
You "do your bit" to win the day, 

And seek no great reward. 

Author's Note. — In America we say "We'll 
go through"; the British say "We'll carry 
on." 



Northern and Southern District 

C. P. Talmage of Anderson has accepted 
the position of switchboardman at Terre 
Haute, succeeding E. S. Ball, who was 
transferred to Indianapolis. 

Charles Jones, formerly of the Middle- 
town exchange, has accepted a position as 
night wire chief at Terre Haute. 

John Arnold, frameman at Terre Haute, 
has been promoted to switchboardman and 
Fred Mathes, night wire chief, is now 
frameman. 

Rush Atkins, formerly of the construc- 
tion department under Foreman W. H. 
Shaffer, has accepted a position as repair- 
man at the Terre Haute exchange and been 
assigned to West .Terre Haute territory. 

F. W. Rolen, plant chief at Terre Haute, 
recently went on his annual hunting and 
fishing trip. He was with the mighty 
hunters and great fishermen's association 
in camp about ten miles out of Washing- 
ton, Ind. 

G. W. Cook, repairman at Terre Haute, 
has enlisted in the Signal Reserve Corps 
and is in training at Camp Custer, Battle 
Creek, Mich. 

Miss Tillie Grossman, toll operator at 
Peru, has resigned to enter the Peru Busi- 
ness College. 

Miss Pauline Pontius, traffic clerk at 
Peru, recently went to Indianapolis to visit 
her brother before his departure for Hat- 
tiesburg, Miss. He will be stationed with 
the medical corps of the Indiana Infantry. 

Miss Luna Burbank, cashier at Peru, has 
returned to her duties after spending a two 
weeks' vacation with friends in Chicago. 

Miss Gay Runnells, clerk in the com- 
mercial office at Peru, is spending her va- 
cation in Muncie as the guest of Mrs. Lon 
Salyers. 

Martin O'Brien, chief inspector at Peru, 

U— 



0 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



was absent for two weeks because of ill- 
ness. 

Charles Loe, wagon foreman at Peru, 
expects to have a new assistant in locating 
trouble, as a nine-pound baby boy arrived 
at his home on September 30th. 

The Peru plant force was very busy for 
two weeks clearing about 500 cases of 
trouble caused by a severe electric storm 
on October 29th. 

W. G. Stedman, the venerable contract 
agent at South Bend, celebrated his birth- 
day on October 20th and received a num- 
ber of useful as well as highly ornamental 
presents. Having recently had the mis- 
fortune to break his specs, a few of his 
friends took pity on him in his sad and 
practically sightless plight and as a result 
he was presented with six pairs of glasses 
of various sizes, shapes and hues. He also 
received a curling iron to be used on a 
mustache he is attempting to cultivate, a 
Ford automobile and goggles, one "yellow 
dog," one life size piece of garlic, a carpet 
for his office, size two by four, and vari- 
ous other little mementoes. One gift was 
received from a friend of his early youth 
who knew him by the name of Georgie, but 
W. G. S. absolutely refuses to tell what it 
was. 

Rea Harding of the construction depart- 
ment at South Bend has joined the 309th 
Trench Motor Battery at Camp Zachary 
Taylor. 

Joe Hartzer of the toll test board at 
South Bend enjoyed a week's vacation in 
Gary, Ind., and Chicago. 

Harold Betz, driver of Foreman E. W. 
Lindsay's truck, has entered the army and 
it is feared that Camp Taylor will send 
him back to South Bend, as he weighs only 
230 pounds and is just twenty-two years 
old. 

Bell No. 1 bowling team is leading the 
Electric League of South Bend. 

Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Stedman entertained 
at dinner on October 23d at the Farmers' 
Trust Inn. The guests were commercial 
employes of the South Bend exchange. 
After dinner the evening was spent at the 
home of Mr. and Mrs. Stedman and a 
class in knitting was organized. 

Miss Ada Roy, bookkeeper at South 
Bend, has returned from a week's vacation 
spent at Indianapolis. 

Miss Henrietta Meilstrup recently en- 
joyed a week's vacation at McComb, O. 

An interesting general meeting of all 
Bell employes was held in South Bend on 
Tuesday evening, October 23d. Manager 
Bonds introduced to the employes Rome C. 
Stephenson of the St. Joe National bank, 
who is known throughout the state as a 
speaker. Mr. Stephenson gave a detailed 
account of the appalling conditions actually 
existing in countries where war is being 
carried on. He discussed fully the neces- 
sity of obtaining money in order to fight 
the great war successfully, urged every one 
present to "do his bit," explained the dif- 
ferent plans of subscribing for Liberty 



Bonds and stated the advantages of own- 
ing one or more of these bonds in future 
years. Mr. Stephenson received hearty 
applause and the employes responded 
promptly to the call. After the plant and 
commercial employes had gone a general 
operators' meeting was held at which a 
number of topics of interest in connection 
with the service were discussed. 
A supervisors' meeting is held every Fri- 




THAT 
ELUSIVE 

PASS/ 

day evening from five to five-thirty at the 
South Bend office. Operating instructions 
in general are discussed and the meetings 
are proving very beneficial to all who at- 
tend. 

Miss Vera Miller, local operator at South 
Bend, has been promoted to supervisor. 

Miss Lillian Brown, formerly operator 
at Dallas, Tex., has accepted a similar 
position in South Bend. 

Miss Anna Harvard has been added to 
the local operating force at South Bend. 
Miss Harvard was formerly with the St. 
Louis Telephone Company. 

Miss Amelia Keller, senior local opera- 
tor at South Bend, has been promoted to 
local clerk. 

Miss Agnes Johnson, new number clerk, 
has resumed her duties after an absence of 
two months because of illness in her fam- 
ily. 

Mrs. Laura Hearn, formerly with the 
Chicago Telephone Company, has accepted 
a position as night toll operator at South 
Bend. 

Miss Evelyn Hazen, chief operator at 
South Bend, spent a recent week end in 
Elkhart visiting friends and relatives. 

Four toll students have recently com- 
pleted the course under the instruction of 
Miss Katherine Smith. 



Miss Frances Hutchison, clerk in the 
commercial office at Frankfort, has re- 
turned from a vacation spent with her 
brother in Barrens, Alberta, Can. 

The breaking of a messenger at Frank- 
fort caused an interruption in service 1o 
one hundred telephones on October 30th. 
One thousand feet of cable went down, 
and four poles were broken off, including 
one terminal pole. The trouble was re- 
ported at 3:30 a. m. and the temporary 
repairs were made by night. Permanent 
repairs were made the following day. 

Dale Robison, line foreman at Frankfort, 
has returned to duty after an absence of 
three weeks caused by an accident while 
he was at work. 

Miss Willo Wirick of Frankfort has re- 
turned from a vacation spent along the 
shores of Lake Erie. She reports the cap- 
ture of many big fish. 

Mrs. Catherine Phillips of Frankfort has 
returned from a vacation spent with 
friends among the hills of southern Indi- 
ana. 

N. E. Reahard is now toll wire chief at 
Frankfort, this position having been 
created on November 1st. He is the proud 
father of a new wire chief, born on Octo- 
ber 11th. 

Mrs. H. O. Leachman, formerly Miss 
Pearl Chambers, has taken up duties in the 
traffic department at Frankfort during the 
absence of her husband, who is fighting for 
Uncle Sam. 

L. R. Mann has succeeded Harry Lane 
as toll wire chief at Lafayette. Mr. Lane 
is now in the army. 

Miss Evelyn Skeen has returned to her 
duties as toll operator at Frankfort after 
an absence of four weeks on account of 
illness. 

Amen Wedding, plant clerk at Anderson, 
has resigned to accept a position with the 
Chicago Telephone Company. Miss Helene 
Davies, clerk in the commercial depart- 
ment, has succeeded Mr. Wedding. 

Danny VanMeter, switchboardman at 
Anderson, has resigned to accept a posi- 
tion with the steel mills at Gary. 

Miss Marjory Floury of the traffic depart- 
ment, Anderson, has been transferred to 
the plant department as assistant to the 
wire chief. 

O. W. Graul, lineman at Anderson, has 
resigned to accept a position at Elwood, * 
Ind. 

Mrs. Ruth Bond, Mrs. Cora Pavey and 
Miss Mary Reyonlds are new employes in 
the traffic department at Anderson. 

Private exchanges for the Union Trac- 
tion Company, the Hill Pump Company 
and the Wagner Axle Company are being 
installed at Anderson. 

Miss Katherine Romine, night chief op- 
erator at Anderson, recently broke her 
ankle in an accident on her way to work. 

The Anderson exchange gave out elec- 
tion returns, and the service was greatly 
appreciated by the public. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



7 



The Anderson switchboard is to be 
equipped with 600 additional multiples. 

Foreman G. V. Post is making improve- 
ments on the Anderson-Marion toll lead. 

P. J. Simmons of Anderson has resigned 
to accept a position with the Hill Pump 
Company. 

Charles Servies, for the past four years 
city trouble man at Crawfordsville, has 
been promoted to wire chief. Carl Ander- 
son of Marion succeeds Mr. Servies. 

Miss Burk, cashier at Crawfordsville, has 
returned after several days' vacation. She 
reports a fine time cleaning house, etc. 

Trfe past month has been a busy one for 
all toll operators at Crawfordsville because 
of the unusually heavy traffic. 

Repairmen Rice and Burk of Crawfords- 
ville recently finished patrolling toll lines 
and now say let it snow. 

H. J. Layson, head wire chief at Craw- 
fordsville. is all smiles. 
He says his present " 
force is the best ever 
and cannot be beaten 
in the state. 

The operators of the 
Bedford exchange are 
giving their copies of 
the News to post of- 
fice employes to be 
sent to the soldier and 
sailor boys. The post- 
office employes have 
expressed their appre- 
ciation. 

Miss Cleon Gardner, 
local operator at Bed- 
ford, recently spent 
Sunday with friends 
in Harrodsburg, Ind. 

Miss Anna Stalcup, 
local operator at Bed- 
ford, has been absent 
on account of sickness. 

Miss Mona South- 
ers, chief operator's 
cLrk at Bedford, recently spent Sunday 
with relatives in Guthrie, Ind. 

Miss Clella Fletcher has returned from 
a week's visit with friends in Orleans, Ind. 

Miss Vada Carter, chief operator at Bed- 
ford, recently spent Sunday in Harrods- 
burg. Miss Carter reports that she ate her 
share of the fried chicken and did not let 
the hickory nuts and walnuts go untouched. 

Arthur K. Newland, for the past three 
years manager of the Heltonville exchange, 
died on November 9th after a few weeks' 
illness. The employes of the Bedford ex- 
change will greatly miss Mr. Newland, as 
he worked at the Heltonville switchboard 
most of the time and often visited the* Bed- 
ford exchange. 

Miss Ruby Embree, toll operator at Bed- 
ford, has confessed. Certain facts and 
rumors have made her friends suspicious, 
and she has been the good natured victim 
of considerable joking. She owned tip the 
other day to the chief operator that her 
name had been Mrs. Lester Wycoff for 



some time and that she was going to re- 
sign. 

The Culver office has been repainted, 
and the operators are highly pleased with 
a well equipped rest room and other im- 
provements. 

The traffic employes recently met at the 
home of Miss Mavera Walkirez and or- 
ganized a club whose aim will be to famil- 
iarize the members with traffic bulletins 
and instructions and other topics of in- 
terest. 

Miss Bessie Ramsey, who has been night 
operator at Culver for three years, has re- 
signed and gone to Mishawaka. Miss 
Ramsey has been succeeded by Miss Madge 
Woodward. 



cred rites and mysteries of the most high 
order of Yaller Dawgs. 

The banquet room was secured through 
the kindness of Brother Yaller Dawg Owen 
Swindle, manager of the Farmers' Trust 
Inn. It is expected that at the first official 
Ki Yi summons from the committee who 
will be in charge of arrangements, every 
Yaller Dawg within the state will place his 
nose to the ground and streak it for the 
aforesaid banquet board with all possible 
speed. 



Telephone Float in Bloomfield 
Parade 

In a recent industrial parade at Bloom- 




FLOAT OF NEW HOME TELEPHONE COMPANY IN BLOOMFIELD INDUSTRIAL 

PARADE. 

field, the employes of the New Home Tele- 
phone Company decorated a float in which 
they showed Uncle Sam at the telephone 
surrounded by his assistants, the telephone 
operators. Across the rear of the float 
was a banner reading, "We are doing our 
bit." 

The float created much favorable com- 
ment and the next day at the request of 
the committee in charge it again appeared 
in the patriotic parade to boost sales of 
Liberty Bonds. 



Attention All Yaller Dawgs 

Through the enterprising efforts of Lit- 
the Dog Stedman, plans are under way for 
a grand conclave of all Yaller Dawgs to be 
held in the banquet room of the Farmers' 
Trust Inn at South Bend. At the earliest 
possible date a conference will be held with 
Big Dogs Daniels and Mosley in order 
to set a definite date for the occasion. It 
is hoped that at this meeting a large class 
of candidates can be initiated into the sa- 



South Bend Employes Hold Hal- 
lowe'en Party 

The employes of the South Bend ex- 
change enjoyed a delightful Hallowe'en 
party on Wednesday, October 31st. The 
big event was staged at Lydick, Ind., about 
six miles from South Bend. The party 
left the exchange at 
five-thirty in automo- 
bile trucks loaned by 
the company. At 
seven o'clock a deli- 
cious hot supper was 
served by the refresh- 
ment committee. The 
entire party then 
masked, and at eight- 
thirty the ball was on. 
Music for dancing, 
consisting of piano and 
violin, was furnished 
by the Misses Horka. 
Miller and Sponholtz. 
A great deal of amuse- 
ment was afforded the 
crowd upon the arrival 
of a small town jay, a 
dusky southern belle 
in full evening dress, 
an "up-to-date perox- 
ide blonde" and two 
very portly Dutch 
boys. 

When the masks were removed it was 
learned that the jay was an honor guest 
Mr. Hurst, of Indianapolis. The southern 
belle proved to be Charles Murphy, the 
blonde Warren Stedman of the commercial 
department and the Dutch boys Messrs. 
Knowlton and Lindsay of the construction 
department. 

The latest dances held sway until eleven 
o'clock, when a program of old-fashioned 
dances was enjoyed by fourteen couples, 
V S. Murphy being the official caller. 

The party returned to the city at a late 
hour tired out but all declaring they had 
enjoyed the "best ever" time. 



Masquerade at Culver 

The employes of the Culver exchange 
gave a masquerade party at the home of 
Manager S. G. Colby on Friday evening, 
November 2d. The rooms were illuminated 
by candles. The guests, who were re- 
ceived by Miss Elise Colby and Master 
Bernard Cropper, were greeted by weird 

U— 



8 



BELLTELEPHONENEWJ 



pumpkin faces at 
every turn. 

Music and va- 
i" i o u s Hallowe'en 
sanies and contests 
made the hours pass 
all too quickly. 
C. A. Pettis, local 
lineman, and Miss 
Beatrice Stephen- 
son, toll operator, 
carried off the hon- 
ors in the feature 
contest of the eve- 
ning, each winning 
a silver Culver 
monogram stick 
pin. 

The special guests 
were Foreman G. C. 
Miller and his force of construction men, 
who highly complimented the cooks by the 
manner in which they disposed of the re- 
freshments. W. R. McCoy, equipment in- 
spector, said the refreshments were second 
only to his Sunday chicken dinners, which 
are prepared by a certain fair damsel in 
Indianapolis. 




"THE TWINS." 
Misses Mavera Wal- 
1" riz ani Callie 
Hawk, at Culver 
masquerade. 



Appreciation 

The following letters have been received 
at the Huntington office: 

"Huntington, Ind., Oct. 30, 1917. 
"A. L. Greenman, Superintendent Tele- 
phone Company, Huntington, Ind. 
"Dear Sir: 

"I desire to thank you and your force 
for the patriotic activities displayed by 
them in the recent sales of the Second 
Liberty Bonds. 

"As chairman of the committee, I say 
without hesitation that there was no more 
earnest effort, no more sacrificing patri- 
otism displayed in the entire campaign than 
was done by your force. 

"I therefore desire to thank them, each 
and all, both personally and as chairman, 
and to assure them that their efforts were 
not lost and that they did materially assist 
in the sale of the bonds. 

"Your force did certainly 'do their bit' 
and should know that there is a wholesome 
appreciation of their patriotic action. 
"Yours very truly, 

(Signed) "Chas. A. Butler, 
"Chairman Second Liberty Loan Commit- 
tee, Huntington County." 

"Huntington, Ind., Nov. 4, 1917. 
"My Dear Mr. Greenman: 

"Last Saturday evening (November 3d) 
your long distance operator made ten long 
distance connections for me in twenty-two 
minutes. That is what I would call super 
service. 

"Convey my thanks, please, to the opera- 
tor who did such superior work. 
"Very sincerely yours, 

(Signed) "Ira B. Potts, 
"Allen-Potts Realty Company." 

—IT " 



Illinois Division 

A. J. Parsons, Correspondent, 
Springfield 

Centralis District 

Miss Anna H. Perce, clerk at Cairo, has 
resigned. Miss Georgia Gill, collector, has 
succeeded Miss Perce, and Miss Flo Davis 
has accepted the position of collector. 

Miss Pearle Lemen, clerk at Nashville, 
was married to Peter Lorenz on October 
6th. They will live in St. Louis, where 
Mr. Lorenz is employed. 

Miss Mable Lemen has accepted a posi- 
tion as clerk at Nashville. 

Miss Irene Lambrecht, cashier at Cen- 
tralia, has been promoted to plant chief 
clerk, succeeding Miss Bessie Fikc, who 
has accepted a position as stenographer 
with the Illinois Central railroad. Miss 
Nellie Blanchard, collector, has accepted 
the position of cashier and Miss Stella 
Maxlield succeeds her as collector. 

C. A. Dunn, cableman at Centralia, has 
resigned and gone to Chicago. J. W. Mc- 
Kinney succeeds Mr. Dunn. 



Jacksonville District 

Fred Beckman, Jr., foreman, and C. D. 
Schutter, installer, who have been install- 
ing three new toll positions of toll board, 
have been called by Uncle Sam to the 
Signal Corps. R. J. Schamel. foreman, and 
J. B. Wilson, have taken their places. 

Fred Miley, foreman, of the plant de- 
partment, Jacksonville, has returned after 
a two weeks' vacation spent in Edina, Mo. 

C. C. Hard, wire chief, announced the 
arrival of a new baby boy at his home re- 
cently. 

Foreman Shelton has completed a new 
direct toll line from St. Louis to Jackson- 
ville. 

R. J. Burris, cable repairman at Jackson- 
ville, spent his vacation at Alton, 111. 

One evening recently District Manager 
and Mrs. Taylor left their home to go up 
town and failed to turn off the porch light. 
In about twenty minutes Central called and 
requested Mrs. Taylor's sister, who was at 
home, to turn off the light. Figure out how 
Central knew the light was burning when 
the manager lives quite a distance from the 
exchange. 

Receipts from the recent boat excursion 
were donated to the Red Cross by the 
Carrolton, White Hall and Roodhouse 
operators. 

Christmas packages were prepared for 
the boys in France by some of the employes 
at Carrollton, and Red Cross work is being 
done by the White Hall force. 

A number of Carrollton operators hiked 
out into the country on October 13th and 
en j oyer a weiner roast. 



Bonds, paying cash for one and install- 
ments on the other. The following is a 
clip; ing from the Carrollton IVeekly 

Paper: 

"Right here is an appropriate place to- 
mention what one Carrollton boy did this 
summer — a town boy. Owen Jarboe was 
one of the Carrollton school boys who 
became interested in wireless telegraphy, 
and he had an, amateur plant of his own. 
In company with several of his fellow 
enthusiasts in wireless, he offered his serv- 
ices to the government last spring. Owen 
failed to pass the physical examination, and 
felt keenly disappointed. But he was de- 
termined to do his bit for winning the war. 
He rented an odd strip of ground^about 
an acre — at the edge of town, and planted 
it in corn. He got a good stand, but had 
no team and cultivator, and couldn't get 
anybody to cultivate it, for there was a 
shortage of labor even then. But he didn't 
give up. He went at that corn with a hoe 
and kept the weeds down. And he raised 
a crop of corn, not as big as it might 
have been with more thorough cultivation, 
but as good as many farmers have done 
with all their experience and advantages." 



How Owen Jarboe Did His "Bit" 

Owen Jarboe, janitor at the Carrollton 
exchange, purchased two $50 Liberty 



Kankakee District 

Harry E. Hansen, switchman at Kanka- 
kee, has enlisted in the Signal Corps and 
is now training at Battle Creek, Mich. 

J E. Davis, lineman at Kankakee, has 
joined the Signal Corps and is training in 
the camp at Atlanta, Ga. 

L. A. Miller, repairman at Chenoa, has 
resigned and accepted a position with the 
Central Illinois Utilities Company at Clin- 
ton. Earl Beckman, repairman at Forrest, 
has succeeded Mr. Miller and M. B. Lloyd, 
repairman at Pontiac, is now occupying 
that position at Forrest. 

M. H. Sawyer manager at Gilman has 
become manager at Onarga, succeeding C. 
O. Malone, v. ho resigned to accept a posi- 
tion in the Steger Piano Factory. Huston 
M. Kays of Bloomington has succeeded 
Mr. Sawyer at Gilman. 

The employes of the Kankakee exchange 
recently enjoyed an October day's outing 
on the Kankakee river at Avon where din- 
ner and supper were served in the rustic 
Avon cottage. 

A private branch exchange consisting 
of one trunk and twenty-five stations has 
been installed in the 'Central Hotel at 
Momence. 

The Kankakee construction force has 
completed the stringing of two copper toll 
circuits from Sheldon to the Indiana state 
line. 

Many of the employes of the Kankakee 
exchange have again shown their patri- 
otism and invested in Liberty Bonds. 

Miss Ruth Cotton, cashier at Kankakee 
resigned on October 15th to take a steno- 
graphic course in Brown Business College. 
Miss Lila Koon, collector, succeeds Miss 
Cotton, and Mrs. Ruby Davis, wife of 
City Foreman Davis succeeds Miss Koon. 



SELL TELEPHONE-NEW^ 



Paris District 

Miss Hester Shipe, chief operator at 
Marshall, has resigned. Miss May Gunder 
has succeeded her. 

Harry Matthews has accepted a position 
as lineman at Marshall. 

Miss Mabel Laughead, bookkeeper at 
Kansas, has returned to work after a two 
weeks' vacation. 

Miss Beulah McCullough, chief operator 
and bookkeeper at the Greenup exchange 
for the past nine years has resigned and 
accepted a position with the Central Illi- 
nois Public Service Company at Mattoon. 

F. A. Davis, formerly wire chief at 
Paris, who went to Camp Custer, has been 
promoted to the rank of second lieutenant 
and will be stationed at Fort Leavenworth, 
Kan. 



Quincy District 

On Wednesday evening, October 31st, a 
number of the commercial and traffic em- 
ployes enjoyed a Hallowe'en party at Mr. 
Halligan's camp on the Bay Front. The 
camp was tastefully decorated with autumn 
leaves and berries and corn stalks. After 
supper, which consisted of oyster soup, 
coffee, doughnuts and apples, Mr. Halli- 
gan started a large bonJire, which called 
for songs and war dances and other gym- 
nastics. An impromptu orchestra was ably 
conducted by Grandma Alma Huseman, 
who, despite her declining years, is still 
one of the girls. 

Miss Lucy Lock has been promoted to 
day toll supervisor. 

Miss Helen Meyer has been promoted 
to toll clerk, succeeding Miss Agnes Heck- 
enkamp, deceased. 

Roy Brazelton, wire chief, spent his va- 
cation quail hunting. 

J. E. Halligan, manager of the Quincy 
district, spent his vacation at Elmwood 
camp, on the Quincy Bay Front. 



Peoria District 

On Wednesday evening, October 31st, 
Mrs. Louise Brogan, directory clerk, en- 
tertained the employes of the collection 
and contract departments at a Hallowe'en 
party. The house v/as prettily decorated 
in Hallowe'en decorations. Miss Bonnie 
Shultz very cleverly disguised herself as 
a witch and told fortunes which would be 
a credit to a famous fortune teller. Sev- 
eral games were played, and a very dainty 
lunch was served. In keeping with the 
Hallowe'en spirit the prize, a big black cat, 
was awarded to Mr. Langhoff as the lar- 
gest eater. 

C. J. Seytter, district traffic chief, Peoria, 
is ready to receive pointers and suggestions 
that will assist him in raising fancy chick- 
ens. Only those who really know are re- 
quested to supply this information. 

The Central Union Telephone Company 
is proud that two more of its competent 
young men are now in the service for 
Uncle Sam, Edward M. Stryker, repairman, 



is in training at Camp Sheridan, Chilli- 
cothe, O. George C. Brandes, assignment 
clerk, is in the training camp at Camp 
Dodge, DesMoines, la. Mr. Brandes has 
recently been home on a short furlough 
because of the severe illness of his father. 
He says there is nothing like camp life, 
and the work is very interesting in all the 
different departments. 

On Tuesday evening, September 11th, 
Miss Ruth Calkins entertained the employ- 
e of the contract and collection depart- 
ments. The evening was pleasantly spent 
with games and music. The Blue Bell em- 
blem was featured in the refreshments. 



A Trouble Call 

The following is a copy of a post card 
complaint received by the manager of one 
of the Central Union exchanges from a 
subscriber to the service of a small sub- 
ordinate exchange : 

"Dear ser my phone har bin out of order 
since the 31. Oct and i hove reported it two 
time all ready wen your men comes out to 
fix it were they should youse Mike they 
youse paper insted now wonder it is out all 
the time i cant get sentrell hoping you will 
come and fix it soon 83R1. 

"Mrs Mary " 

Evidently some ingenious repairman has 
discovered that paper is a satisfactory sub- 
stitute for mica for use in arresters. 



Languages 

Poilu had taught Sammy a few simple 
French sentences. 

"Now," said Sammy, "I will reciprocate 
by teaching Poilu a few simple United 
States sentences." 

So he gave Poilu this one to ponder : 
" 'Blackie,' my side kick, is white clear 
through, but he's a raw, half-baked piece 
of cheese." — Exchange. 



A New Type of Book 

It was after prohibition had reached a 
certain town in the middle west that an 
express agent telephoned a man prominent 
in the town. This was the conversation 
that followed : 

"Is this Mr. X?" 

"Yes." 

"We have a package of books for you, 
Mr. X, and we wish you would arrange 
to get them at once, as they are leaking 
badly.". — Country Gentlemen. 



Foolish Questions 

Some folk make a practice — and it's as 
prevalent as malaria in the swamp lands 
of the South — of asking questions, the an- 
"swers to which are obvious. They carry 
this further. They ask for the "boss'" 
approval of small matters that they are 
eminently able to handle without worrying 
their superior. 

Sometimes they do it merely to call their 
employer's attention to the fact that they 




are doing good 
work. But they 
worry the "boss" 
and make his job 
harder. They oc- 
cupy his time — if 
only a few sec- 
onds of it — with 
trivial matters. 
They weaken 
their own cause. 
They are not suc- 
cessful, albeit they 
are capable. 

There is an ax- 
iom in the army 
that the best way 
to win a battle is 
"to get there first 
with the most 
men." This can be 
paraphrased. The 
best way to win 
life's battle is to 
be "the first to do 
the most amount 
of good." No con- 
spiracy can smoth- 
er your efforts or 
deny you your reward. 

But there have been those whose foot 
slipped on the ladder of success because 
they stopped to ask a foolish question. 
They asked a question the answer to which 
they jolly well knew. And more than 
likely they consumed the valuable time of 
a kind-hearted "boss." 

There's a cure for foolish questions, but 
it is a cure not fancied by successful men. 
That cure is to answer a foolish question 
with a foolish answer. And that reminds 
us of a story. 

A funeral cortege moved solemnly down 
the street. One of the pallbearers was 
Mike, the proverbial Irish character. He 
walked immediately behind the hearse. His 
friend Pat dropped a pick and stood aside 
to let the procession pass. Pat couldn't 
resist the chance to say something to Mike. 

'That's up, Mike? Are ye goin' to have 
a phuneral?" 

"Do you think, you blithering idiot, that 
we are rehearsin'," said Mike. 

Pat was cured. — Southwestern Telephone 
News. 



GEORGE BRANDES, 
Of Peoria, now with 
Co. H, 349th Reg., 
Camp Dodge, 
Des Moines, 
Iowa. 



Inconvenient 

"Doesn't it give you a terrible feeling 
when you run over a man?" they asked 
him. 

"Well, if he's a large man," replied the 
automobilist, "it does give one a pretty 
rough jolt " — Ladies' Home Journal. 



Post-Impressionism 

Cableman : "What's Bill doing now?" 

Lineman : "He's a post-impressionist." 

Cableman : "You're stringing me." 

Lineman: "No; he's got a job with the 
telephone company stenciling numbers on 
the telephone poles." — Exchange. 

— B 



10 



BELLTELEPHONE-NEWJ 



Doctor Bell on Future of Flying 

From Christian Science Monitor. 

Dr. Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of 
the telephone, in an address before the 
Empire Club, Toronto, predicted that man's 
conquest of the air would soon, be so com- 
plete that wings and engines would be no 
longer necessary for his successful flight 
in the air. 

Canada's contribution to aviation occu- 
pied much of the speaker's time. "In 
189C," he said, "I experimented largely 
with kites at my summer place in Nova 
Scotia, and continued until 1902, when the 
Wright brothers and Prof. S. B. Langley 
succeeded in making the first flight in 
heavier-than-air machines." J. A. D. Mc- 
Curby and F. W. Baldwin of Toronto, both 
graduates of Toronto University, assisted 
him on the mechanical side of his scheme, 
having associated with them Glenn H. Cur- 
tiss and Lieut. Thomas Selfridge of the 
United States army. The 'Aerial Experi- 
ment Association, having five members, 
was then formed, the wife of the inventor 
financing the project. The first production 
of their joint efforts was the "Redwing," 
from the main design of Lieut. Selfridge, 
which made its first public flight at Hants- 
port, Mass., in March, 1908, the aviator 
being F. W. Baldwin. Their second ma- 
chine was the "June Bug." The third was 
a Curtiss machine, which won the Scien- 
tific American's prize for a flight over a 
measured kilometre. The fourth was the 
first to fly in Nova Scotia, which, as far as 
was known, was the first flight of a heavier- 
than-air machine in the British Empire. 

"I anticipate," he said, "great changes 
in the future in projectile flying. If it is 
already possible for us, after only ten years' 
work, to foresee flying without wings, why 
not flying without engines? All the flying 
creatures of the world fly without engines, 
by mere muscular force, and there are more 
things in aerial locomotion than we have 
yet found out." 

Speed, the inventor believes, will over- 
come gravitation. With increased speed it 
had been found that the wing spread of 
flying machines could be reduced with ad- 
vantage, and that just as a stone when im- 
pelled through the air, could, up to the 
exhaustion of the force, maintain itself in 
balance, so fast-flying machines would be 
able to keep afloat in the atmosphere and 
carry a man if the right force was obtain- 
able to propel them. Gravitation would be 
overcome by a flight of something over 
150 miles an hour. 



Facts Versus Camouflage 

Thus might be termed the case on the 
docket of the N. A. R. D. telephone com- 
mittee, following the debate on the tele- 
phone reports. Several members were dis- 
appointed because we did not call atten- 
tion to the rotten service we are receiving 
lately. Upon investigation, it appeared that 
this "rotten service" was in cities where 
the "free lunch" telephone still prevails. Of 
— U 



course, good service is out of the ques- 
tion when the lines are kept hot by super- 
fluous calls — superfluous because free — and 
no business affiliated with the calls. 

But on general principles, let the com- 
mittee suggest to officers of local associa- 
tions to arrange with their telephone com- 
panies a personal inspection of exchanges, 
so that the druggists can see the modus 
operandi and understand the A and B 
board, etc. Then the druggists will be in 
position to call a spade a spade, when 
patrons come in and complain about "rot- 
ten service." 

We have had parties, who claim to be 
ladies — but they would have difficulty to 
prove it — tell the exchange manager over 
the phone that they had to wait twenty 
minutes for a connection, when they did 
not wait one and one-half minutes flat, 
and also boldly claim that the "stupid op- 
erator deliberately gave them a wrong 
number," which is a deliberate specimen 
of camouflage. The operator gets rid of a 
call quickest by making correct connection 
and no operator would deliberately prolong 
the agony by wrong connections. 

Therefore, again we strongly urge drug- 
gists to post up on telephone operation and 
assist decent and honorable patrons to se- 
cure good service by calling the bluff of 
the camouflage tribe. — N. A. R. D. Journal. 



over our knees. But in the dark and the 
rain we turned the trick. 

" 'Three five hundred," interrupted a 
voice at the telephone. 

" 'Three five hundred,' repeated the lieu- 
tenant, 'watch that bubble!' 

" 'Ready to fire !' continued the voice. 

"'Ready to fire!' again repeated the lieu- 
tenant. 

"'Fire!' came the voice from the tele- 
phone. And as we opened our mouths and 
placed dripping gloved fingers to ears the 
lieutenant repeated, 'Fire!' 

"With the flash and the following bang 
he resumed his story. Six times during 
its recital he interrupted to transmit the 
order, 'Ready!' 'Fire!' 

"We had eighteen shells, including five 
shrapnel. We did not wait for any range. 
We just shoved her nose out, jammed a 
shrapnel home and let 'er fly beyond no 
man's land over there. We wanted to 
beat any other battery to it and we did ! 

"The whole crew took part, of course, 
even if that lanyard was pulled by Sergeant 

, for afterward each man took the 

trick. We used all our shells with a given 
range after the first one, and then we had 
to telephone 'quit for lack of ammunition.' 
You see, we could not bring up more and 
the gun besides." 



Americans First Shot at the 
Kaiser 

"The gun was so well camouflaged that 
six feet away no living soul could tell it 
was there. It was a French seventy-five, 
pointed toward invaded country," writes 
Henry Bazin in the Chicago Daily Journal. 

"The interest in it, and the reason for 
this writing, were that its crew were khaki 
clad, and that at exactly 6 :27 o'clock upon 
a recent October morning, its lanyard was 
pulled by an American gunner, launching 
the first shot in the war defending Ameri- 
can honor against barbarism and the kai- 
ser. 

"We stood in company with the Amer- 
ican major, who is our chief press officer, 
ankle deep in red mud amid a driving rain. 
It was Sunday afternoon. Between the 
gun and the telephone station stood the 
lieutenant commanding, a youngster of per- 
haps twenty-two, slight, smooth-faced, 
brown-haired, hazel-eyed. His voice was 
low and musical, with something of a 
southern drawl, although he told us after- 
ward he came from Indiana. 

"As the rain pattered upon the officer's 
helmet and upon ours, he told us this story, 
interrupting himself to give orders as the 
piece was discharged. 

" 'It was raining like this, only harder. 
We were told we could fire as soon as the 
gun was in position ; but the mud was so 
thick it was impossible to pull it to this 
place with our horses. So, to get on the 
job, the crew agreed to drag it by hand 
if- I gave permission. It was some job. 
The morass was as deep as the hubs and 



An Undeserved Rebuke 

The manager of the big department store 
stood stock still outside the little boxlike 
chamber which held the telephone of the 
establishment, for he was a very startled 
manager, indeed. Within the chamber he 
could hear Miss Joaes, the stenographer, 
speaking, and this is a scrap of the con- 
versation the startled man overheard : 

"I love you, dear, and only you. I'm 
weeping my heart away. Yes, my darling, 
speak to me once more. I love you, dear, 
I love you so." 

The young woman rang off and stepped 
out of the cabinet, to confront the angry 
manager. 

"Miss Jones," he said, "that telephone 
has been fixed where it is for the purpose 
of convenience in conducting business, and 
not for love-making in office hours. I am 
surprised at you. Don't let it occur again." 

The young woman froze him with a 
glance. 

"I was ordering some new songs for 
number three department," she explained, 
icily. — Dallas News. 



The Uncertain Future 

"Of course," said the girl who had ac- 
cepted him, "it is a serious thing for a girl 
to trust her happiness to a man." 

"Well," replied Claud Reginald, "I'm 
taking some chances myself. It's a seri- 
ous thing to quit sending around flowers 
and candy and matinee tickets and start a 
conversation about groceries, house rent 
and furnace coal." — Washington Star. 



BELL * TELEPHONE * N EWJ 



11 



Is Municipal Ownership in the 
Workers' Interest? 

One" of the great weaknesses of munici- 
pal ownership of public utilities seems to 
be its inability to stand alone. If there 
are losses through bad management or too 
low rates, these deficits are made up 
through increased taxes. Every one knows 
that the laboring man is taxed heavier in 
proportion to his property and earnings 
than are wealthy individuals with high sal- 
aries. Therefore, if municipal ownership 
depends upon increased taxes for success, 
it is hard to see how the worker profits 
from a few cents difference in his gas or 
electric light bill. And in this connection 
it must be remembered that every worker 
pays indirect taxes, even though he es- 
capes direct taxes, because they are added 
to his rent, cost of groceries, clothing and 
everything entering into the cost of living. 
The other fellow just passes them along. 

F. G. R. Gordon, well known in labor 
circles, recently wrote an article about 
public ownership as practiced in Australia 
and New Zealand and concluded as fol- 
lows : 

"State and municipal ownership has 
benefited neither the laboring man nor any 
one else. It has caused public employes to 
degenerate into parasites upon the state and 
the municipality. It has forced independent 
labor to remain poor m order that the 
socialist labor may grow fat through ex- 
ploitation. It has made Australasia and 
her sister states the champion debt-ridden 
countries of the world, and forced them 
to spend more for government than other 
countries. Is it any wonder that it has 
been necessary to provide old age pensions 
for its laborers, pauperized by communal 
socialist ownership?" 

An American engineer who visited Eng- 
land recently said : "As a rule the men 
who are employed in municipal undertak- 
ings would prefer to work for corpora- 
tions. As managers of municipal proper- 
ties, they are required to do many petty 
things that would not be thought neces- 
sary in corporate properties." 

The Electrical World recently remarked 
that the Cleveland (Ohio) Board of Con- 
trol has refused to grant the union scale 
of wages to the twenty-three electricians 
employed on inside work at the municipally 
owned and operated electric light plant. A 
demand for an increase of fifty cents a 
day was made by the men. The fact is that 
it is next to impossible to keep public utili- 
ties owned by the city free from politics 
and the favoritism and injustice bound to 
result —Chicago Federationisl. 



The Struggle for the Petrograd 
Telephone Building 

A stirring account of the struggle for 
possession of the telephone building in 
Petrograd written by Bessie Beatty recent- 
ly appeared in the New York World. 



The correspondent states, "I was in the 
telephone building while a squad of sixty 
cadets of the officers' school tried to hold 
it against Bolsheviki sailors and the Red 
Guard. 

"It was one o'clock when I entered the 
telephone building and seven when the last 
frightened telephone operator slipped away 
in the darkness as the last terrified cadet 
marched off between his sailor captors." 

Miss Beatty was sitting in her room in 
the hotel when the silence was broken by 
two shots. She hurried to the telephone 
building two blocks away, where a couple 
of touring cars had been placed across the 
street to barricade traffic. The crowd was 
warned back by a group of cadets armed 
with rifles and Albert Rhys Williams, a 
fellow correspondent, pulled Miss Beatty 
into the shelter of the entrance. 

They went up to the manager's office 
and asked to see the operators who, at 
the end of the third recapture of the build- 
ing, were at the breaking down point. 
Three hundred girls were working at the 
switchboard while rifles cracked outside 
the windows as the sailors attacked cadets. 
The firing soon became intense, and the 
manager told the girls they could leave 
their positions. 

"Twenty stuck all through," says Miss 
Beatty, "some with deep circles under their 
eyes, faces pale, hands trembling, huddled 
together or fled in one direction or another 
as the firing marked the danger points. A 
hundred or more stayed at their posts un- 
til four o'clock, when the firing was at its 
height and the panic was greatest, and the 
twenty operators stood to the switchboards 
until the building surrendered." 

The cadets surrendered one by one on 
condition that their lives would be spared, 
and when all was over the girls in the tele- 
phone exchange slipped quietly out. 



Tries Case by Telephone 

With food, fuel and other commodities 
subjected to intensive saving campaigns, 
"conservation" is the popular watchword in 
the Rocky Mountain region. The latest plan 
to "conserve" has resulted in the first 
"court trial by wire" on record. 

"Conservation of time, money, energy 
and fees" is what District Attorney Sam- 
uel W. Johnson terms the new wrinkle. 
Johnson's jurisdiction extends over several 
counties adjacent to Denver, and he ex- 
periences considerable difficulty in being 
present in the various towns of the coun- 
ties when several cases are set for the 
same day in different courts. So the busy 
prosecutor decided to use the telephone. 

Sitting in his main headquarters in Den- 
ver, with a telephone receiver to his ear, 
Johnson listened to counsel for defense 
plead before a judge in the Brighton, Colo., 
court for the discharge of his client, a 
woman charged with "bootlegging." When 
Attorney Michael Waldron had finished his 



case for the defendant Johnson picked up 
the transmitter and presented evidence 
over the wire of sufficient weight to con- 
vict the defendant, who was fined $100 and 
costs. — Detroit News. 



Give Us Men 

Oliver Wendell Holmes. 
God, give us men ! A time like this de- 
mands 

Strong minds, great hearts, true faith and 

ready hands ; 
Men whom the lust of lucre does not kill ; 
Men whom the spoils of office cannot buy; 
Men who possess opinion and a will ; 
Men who have honor; men who will not 

lie. 

Men who can stand before a demagogue 
And damn his treacherous flatteries with- 
out winking; 
Tall men, sun crowned, who live above the 
fog, 

In public duty and in private thinking. 
For while the rabble with their thumbworn 
creeds, 

Their large professions and their little 
deeds, 

Mingle in selfish strife, Lo ! freedom 

weeps ; 

Wrong rules the land, and waiting justice 
sleeps. 



Directs With Telephone 

Recalling the substantial advantage he 
derived from utilizing the field telephone 
in directing the wonderful battle scenes in 
"Joan, the Woman," Cecil B. De Mille, the 
noted producer, made use of the same 
agency in handling the big scenes in "The 
Woman Got Forgot." Telephones were 
installed at. each station about the immense 
field on which the encounters between the 
Spanish Conquistadores and the Aztec war- 
riors were to occur, where Mr. De Mille 
had placed camera men and assistants, and 
with the receiver strapped to his head and 
the transmitter swinging from his breast, 
he was enabled to keep in constant com- 
munication and control of the entire or- 
ganization. By this means, the filming was 
so expedited that the battle scenes which 
would ordinarily require a week or more to 
make were taken within three days. — 
Detroit Journal. 



Sticking to It 

The lives of practically all men famous 
in the business world, as shown in the his- 
tory of industry during the past twenty-five 
years, will prove to you the practical value 
of the "stick to it" principle of life. 

Armour stuck to beef, Harriman and 
Hill to railroads, Edison to electricity, Car- 
negie and Schwab to steel, Rockefeller to 
oil, Morgan to finance, and so on without 
end. All these captains of industry and 
thousands of others that might be men- 
tioned had the faculty of "sticking" to a job 
until they made good. — Kansas City Star. 

— U 



12 



REU TELEPHONE NEW^ 





'4 















Christmas! 1917 



TO ALL EMPLOYES: 

I am sure that it always has been a source of pride and satisfaction to us all 
that we were a part of the great Telephone organization of the United States, — that 
immense instrumentality which every day, and every minute of the day, in every office 
and home, has'served the public so faithfully and remarkably. 

But we have now a greater reason to indulge in such emotions. 

The great aggregation of men and women, wires and cables and switchboards, 
gathered together so carefully for the peaceful pursuits of commerce and to aid in our 
domestic affairs, at a word from the President, has become a part of the war machinery 
of the Nation, and has taken its place with the Army and Navy as a national bul- 
wark. In the past few months, it has been made manifest that the Telephone System, 
built for the convenience and comfort of the people, and to aid in the prosperity of 
all, was also built to defend all! 

There was comparatively little to do to a system so universal and comprehen- 
sive, to make it respond to the new and urgent wants, and now every order has been 
filled and we are awaiting further commands! 

Our boys who have gone to the front have made the supreme, patriotic sacri- 
fice for liberty and all else that we hold dear, and you will join me, I know, in a 
message of affectionate greeting at this time to all of them. 

You who have remained at home and done your share in conducting the Tele- 
phone business have also nobly served your country, and earned its grateful appreciation. 

The World is so disturbed and distracted by the War, that the time-hallowed 
convention, — "A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year," has lost its music and 
jangles harshly on our senses. The grimness of it all grips us, and we have but little 
heart for festive personalities but we do have, I know, — because I know the loyalty and 
fidelity of our men and women, — a big, strong courage that will not weaken, and a good 
cheer born of a deep'and unchanging confidence that we must^and will win this war! 

These strong persuasions will make us equal to the extreme demands upon our 
patience, industry; and patriotism that are sure to come with the New Year, and they 
will bring us even stronger conviction of the correctness of the principle that the life of a 
nation is paramount to the life of the individua', while our existence as a Nation de- 
pends upon the loyalty and devotion of each one of us. 

Very sincerely, 




BELI/TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



13 



Red Cross Drive for Ten Million Members 



Theodore N. Vail Is Chairman of Committee Which Expects to Treble Membership of Great American 

Relief Agency During Week of December 17th. 



Ten million new members by Christmas 
day is the goal of a great drive planned 
by the American Red Cross War Council. 
The drive is to start December 17th and 
last one week. In that time it is hoped to 
raise the membership of the Red Cross 
in the United States from five million to 
fifteen million. 

A committee has been appointed by the 
war council to have general charge of 
planning and later conducting the whole 
campaign. Theo- 
dore N. Vail, presi- 
dent of the Ameri- 
can Telephone and 
Telegraph Com- 
pany, has accepted 
the chairmanship, 
and Dr. H. N. Mac- 
Cracken, president 
of Vassar College, 
will be executive 
secretary. Other 
members of the 
committee are : His 
Eminence, James 
Cardinal Gibbons ; 
Bishop William 
Lawrence, Boston ; 
Dr. Henry Van 
Dyke, former min- 
ister to the Nether- 
la n d s, Princeton, 
N. J.; John W. 
Britton, San Fran- 
cisco ; Benjamin 
Gratz, St. Louis; B. 
Ban Johnson, Chi- 
cago; Hervey Lind- 
Iey, Seattle ; John 
City. 

"Make it a Red Cross Christmas" is to 
be the recruiting slogan. Every one tak- 
ing out a membership in the Red Cross 
during the drive period will be known as 
a "Christmas member." The effort prac- 
tically will be limited to securing annual 
members, paying annual dues of one dollar 
or two dollars in the case of subscribing 
or magazine members. 

Division membership Christmas drive 
committees are to be selected by the divi- 
sion managers of the Red Cross, these com- 
mittees to work under the general direc- 
tion of the national committee. Each of 
the 3,000 or so Red Cross chapters also 
will appoint a committee to co-operate un- 
der the guidance of the respective division 
committees. 

The following stirring appeal has been 
issued by the Red Cross: 

"Christmas, 1917. 
"Men and Women of America: 

"In one short week of June, 1917, you 



subscribed one hundred million dollars to 
your American Red Cross for war relief. 
With what result? A detailed report of 
our war relief work, at home and in Eu- 
rope, has just been issued. It is highly 
condensed and covers 250 pages. 

"How then, in a few lines, to give you 
any conception of what has been and will 
be accomplished ? 

"Consider merely a few facts taken from 
a cable lately sent to Henry P. Davi- 




HAPPY "SAMMIES" RECEIVING COMFORT KITS. 
Red Cross does everything possible to make the men comfortable while they are in camp 

in the field. 
— Photograph 



or 



Mitchell, New York 



son, chairman of the Red Cross War Coun- 
cil, by the Paris headquarters of the Amer- 
ican Red Cross : 

"We have established twenty dispensaries 
in the American army zone to care for the 
resident civilians . . . 

"Our hospital distributing service sends 
supplies to 3,423 French military hospitals, 
our surgical dressings service supplies 2,000 
French hospitals and is preparing immense 
supplies for our own army. 

"We are operating six canteens for use 
of French soldiers, where we serve about 
30,000 soldiers a day. 

"We are providing an artificial limb fac- 
tory near Paris. 

"We have opened a children's refuge and 
hospital at a point in the war zone. 

"We are making arrangements on a large 
scale to help refugee families through the 
winter. 

"Two hundred tons of supplies are ar- 
riving in Paris daily." 

But space forbids! Here is a scant 
handful of facts snatched from a single 



cablegram. And such fundamental Red 
Cross activities as the establishment in 
France of more than a dozen large base 
hospitals, fully manned and equipped, are 
not even touched upon. 

By April next the American Red Cross 
Commission to France will have spent 
some $40,000,000. Yet in a recent cable to 
Mr. Davison the commission makes the 
plea: "We cannot state too strongly the 
critical situation that will arise during the 
coming winter. The 
amount of work 
that can be done 
(that must be done, 
men and women of 
America !) will be 
limited solely by 
the resources at our 
command. If the 
American people 
can get a real pic- 
ture of misery. . . . 

"Well, here is one 
picture ! One tiny- 
detail in the great 
panorama of human 
anguish which a 
cynical autocracy- 
has painted across 
Europe in blood 
and tears ! 

"There arrived 
hist week at Evian, 
where the repatri- 
ates from France 
and Belgium are 
received back into. 
France, a train 
loaded with Belgian children. There were 
680 of them, thin, sickly, from four to 
twelve years of age— children of men who 
refused to work for the Germans and of 
mothers who let their children go rather 
than let them starve. They poured off the 
train, little ones clinging to the older ones, 
girls all crying, boys trying to cheer. They 
had come all the long way alone. On the 
platform were the Red Cross workers to 
meet them — (these children who could walk 
at all, marched along crying 'meat, meat ; 
we are going to have meat!') Their little 
claw-like hands were significant ; but a 
doctor said, 'We have them in time.' A 
few weeks of proper feeding and they will 
pull up. Thirty per cent, of the repatriates 
die the first month from exhaustion. The 
little children can and must be saved!" 

Small wonder that cablegram from the 
American Red Cross Commission to 
France ended with the words: "If the 
American people can get a picture of the 
misery among those daily driven out of 
their homes and dumped in poverty among 



by Underwood and Underwood. 



14 



BELL "TELEPHONE-NEWS 



the other parts of the country, oftentimes 
terribly sick or mutilated, they will gladlv 
do all in their power to help." 

But, do not suppose, men and women of 
America, that your American Red Cross 
in the effort to supply the needs of the 
civilian population in France, Belgium, 
Russia, Poland and Serbia is for one in- 
stant neglecting i t s 
primary duty to serve 
"Our Boys !" Your 
sons, your brothers, 
your husbands who 
have gone into the army 
and navy to fight for 
you in this war against 
war are first in the 
thoughts of the Red 
Cross thoughts as in 
yours, and it is every- 
where co-operating 
with the war depart- 
ment in work for their 
comfort and safety — at 
home and "over there." 
The merest outline of 
this work will fill 
pages — and give you 
but its dry bones. Bet- 
ter a single picture of 
your Red Cross "on 
the job" in a single 
emergency ! 

The recent torpedo- 
ing of the army trans- 
port "Antilles" result- 
ed in the death of 
sixty-seven persons. As the vessel sank 
within five minutes, the hundred and sev- 
enty survivors could save nothing but the 
clothes they stood in. After they had been 
for three hours either in the water or awash 
on life rafts, a Red Cross representative, 
provided with ample funds, was instantly 
despatched to this port. There he aided 
the commanding officer of the American 
forces at the port and the American con- 
sul there to place the survivors in hospi- 
tals and hotels, great care being taken to 
insure for them the best of treatment. 
Meanwhile the names of victims and sur- 
vivors were ascertained and cabled to 
Washington. An amount sufficient for a 
week's wage for all the crew of the trans- 
port was at once advanced. The families 
of survivors were communicated with. 
Funds and clothing were provided, and 
personal checks cashed — checks scrawled 
by rescued army officers upon chance 
scraps of paper. In short, without red 
tape or delay, nothing was left undone by 
the American Red Cross to alleviate the 
sufferings and meet the necessities of the 
American soldiers and sailors, or to quiet 
where possible the anxiety of their fami- 
lies. 

Men and women of America, here is but 
an instance out of thousands where the 
American Red Cross must be your agent 
for works of mercy to your own flesh and 
blood It is an agent well worthy of your 



trust, of your utmost support. Your presi- 
dent is at its head. Your Congress has 
authorized its activities. Its accounts are 
audited by your war department. In the 
words of Harvey D. Gibson, its gen- 
eral manager: "The Red Cross is being 
run as an open book; it has no secrets; 
it is making a sincere effort to serve man- 



kind, and it is doing it as carefully and 
economically as it knows how." No human 
organization can be perfect. Mistakes 
have been made and will be made. But 
the history of your American Red Cross 
is a record of patient, thoughtful, efficient 
volunteer service and is a matter for your 
pride. 

Yet only a small fraction of you have 
ever supported through membership this 
truly national organization ! 

Men and women of America, on Decem- 
ber 17, 1917, your American Red Cross 
will launch a campaign — its Christmas 
Membership Drive — for ten million new 
members. By January 1, 1918, the Amer- 
ican Red Cross will have ten million new 
members. It will have them because, lack- 
ing them, it cannot do all that the world 
from out the agony of this war against war 
is crying upon it to do, and do quickly. 
Now, if never before, all of you should 
belong to your American Red Cross. There 
should be not ten million, but twenty mill- 
ion, forty million new members ! 

The American Red Cross believes in 
you, men and women of America, and 
asks you to believe in it. Never have you 
failed to respond to a great cause of naked 
need. You will answer the world's cry of 
utter distress. You will answer it above 
all at this season, long dedicated by you to 
thoughtful good will, to work of love and 
of mercy — at this season of Christmas. 



Your Red Cross does not ask you at this 
tunc for large contributions. It asks you 
to become a part of it. It asks you to be- 
come one of ten million Americans to give 
one dollar towards world relief, and your 
service to the greatest of Christmas chari- 
ties. Service means membership! The 
need is vast. The cry for aid is louder 
hourJy, and by mid- 
winter will exceed all 
supplication known to 
history. A single man 
or woman is powerless 
in the face of what 
must be done — if our 
boys are not to suffer, 
if the weak and 
wounded in Europe are 
not wholly to be de- 
s t r o y e d ! But ten 
million are not power- 
less ! Be one of them ! 

Let a greater Red 
Cross be your Christ- 
»i as gift ro "Our 
Boys" and to suffer- 
ing humanity. 

—JOIN THE RED 
CROSS TODAY. 

Work in France 

H. P. Davison, chair- 
man of the Red Cross 
War Council, has made 
public a report received 
from Major Grayson 
M. P. Murphy, Red 
Cross Commissioner for Europe. Maior 
Grayson says : 

"An army medical department, to do jus- 
tice to its wounded, must be ready to care 
for them within twelve hours; it must go 
to the wounded soldier, not wait until the 
soldier is brought back. Provision must be 
made in modern war calls, with variations, 
for regimental dressing stations as near as 
they can be brought to the lines; held 
dressing stations from which the seriously 
wounded are sent back, either to movable 
field hospitals or evacuating hospitals of 
from 1,000 to 1,500 beds each (where head, 
chest and abdominal wounds must be ope'r- 
ated upon or you lose your men), and base 
hospitals, to which the sick and wounded 
are removed as rapidly as they safely can 
be transported. 

Red Cross Co-operates 

"It is with this general system of the 
Imited States army medical department 
that the Red Cross stands ready to co- 
operate at every point, through installing 
rest stations and infirmaries on the line of 
communication, recuperation stations back 
from the war zone, neighborhood dispen- 
saries in army villages, diet kitchens and 
homes for nurses, auxiliary plants for the 
manufacture of anesthetics, ice, splints, a 
fund for scientific research and a bureau 
of information on methods in field hospi- 
tal practice, and great and thorough re- 




RED CROPS NT'TISES AT WORK IN ARMY HOSPITAL, CAR. 

— Photograph by Underwood and Underwood. 



BELl/TELEPIiONE-NEWJ 



15- 



serves of emergency supplies of everything 
from a bandage to a mobile hospital. 
Takes Over Ambulance Service 

"In June the Red Cross took over the 
Norton-Harjes ambulance service, made 
up of five sections of twenty cars each, two 
men to a car. and two officers to each sec- 
tion ; and between that time and the date 
on which responsibility for ambulance 
transport was taken over by the American 
army it organized, equipped and put in 
service eight additional sections. Before 
disbanding the number of men had been 
brought to over 600, 550 of them at the 
front and the remainder in the training 
camp. Many of these have since gone into 
other branches of service. The command 
of the service was under Richard Norton 
and the work in the field, often under try- 
ing conditions, was carried on with nerve 
and esprit de corps. 

Emergency Medical Stores 

"The Red Cross has undertaken to make 
and store as large a quantity of dressings 
for the American army as can be turned 
out. The same policy holds true of gen- 
eral hospital supplies and stores. Much of 
the Red Cross work is like that of a fire 
department. Roughly, you can count that 
out of a million men employed, one-quar- 
ter, or 250,000, will need medical or surgi- 
cal service. To carry on the steady stream 
of supplies which is needed all the time 
by an army in action is not enough. To 
be adequately prepared is to be ready for 
the maximum load, and to be ready with- 
in a space of twenty-four or forty-eight 
hours — even if hospitals stand empty, but 
ready between times, and stocks of goods 
are piled up which may never be used. 

"Soon after the declaration of war by the 
L'nited States in April the American dis- 
tribution service cabled the Red Cross, 
offering to co-operate in every way, and 
later the work was turned over with all 
stocks full. It had been founded and en- 
tirely supported from the beginning by Mr. 
and Mrs. Robert W. Bliss; its buying, dis- 
tributing, inspecting and administering in 
the hands of seven American volunteers — 
architects, actors and others "who have giv- 
en and will continue to give their entire 
time to it, carrying over an enthusiasm 
and efficiency which is contagious. 

Supplying 3,617 Hospitals 

"When the American distributing service 
became the medical supplies service of the 
Red Cross there were 3,190 hospitals on its 
lists, situated all over France, but most 
numerous in the departments back of the 
front A hundred new hospitals are added 
every month, and at the present time there 
are 3,617 in 1,356 towns. The work in 
hospital supplies heretofore done by the 
American clearing house and the American 
fund for French wounded will be carried 
forward through this single service. 

"Under the Red Cross the funds available 
have been more than doubled. Heretofore, 
a hospital was given perhaps half the sup- 



plies it asked for, now it is given perhaps 
three-fourths, the French to supply the re- 
mainder. Moreover, the service can give 
more expensive equipment, such as radi- 
graphic installations, sterilizing outfits and 
the special instruments needed by surgeons 
at the central hospitals much more delicate 
and costly than those called for in the field 
service. Two-thirds of the appropriation 
is consumed in routine supplies secured 
through the Red Cross purchasing section, 
and one-third direct in the purchase of spe- 
cial instruments and the like. . Everything 
which can be bought in France is bought 
here, either through commercial channels 
or from French workrooms employing ref- 
ugees or crippled soldiers. A three-story 
garage is used as the main packing and 
distributing center, and the physical work 
is done not by volunteers but by convales- 
cents, who live and sleep at the Paris hos- 
pitals and are paid for the work they do 
here in the daytime, so that in this way 
two good ends are served. During July 
and August the service shipped material to 
2,225 hospitals in 5,563 packages weighing 
124,158 kilos. The organization has tripled 
in size since the Red Cross took hold of it. 
How the Work Grows 

"The Paris bureau was opened during the 
summer of 1915 in an artist's studio, with 
two workers and fourteen cases of goods. 
Today there are sixty paid workers and 
250 volunteers, handling 1,929 hospitals 
and sending out 40,0§0 to 50,000 dressings 
daily. The greater part is made in Amer- 
ica, and the Paris workrooms are in a 
sense simply a field service ready for any- 
thing that comes up. If the supply of op- 
erating towels from the states runs short, 
the Paris workrooms make towels. Re- 
cently 200 cases of dressings were sunk in 
a torpedoed ship. They stand ready to 
make good the U-boat toll. The ambu- 
lance drivers seemed to have been over- 
looked in the matter of first-aid kits. They 
made up emergency packages for them. In 
one room Carrel cushions are fashioned ; in 
another, dressings and apparatus for other 
extraordinary work. The Service de Sante 
has an unforeseen need to get off large 
supplies for the front, and turns to the 
"Surgical Dressings" for help. They re- 
spond, as in the case when a French hos- 
pital was bombed and the physicians were 
left practically without dressings. 

Non-Medical Work for American 
Soldiers 

"It is the clear purpose of the Red Cross 
not only to see to it that every medical 
resource shall be within reach of the young 
troops coming to France, but to stand by 
with friendly service in every other way 
that offers. In line with this purpose, it 
offered to open a troop hotel in Paris and 
additional recreation barracks in the camps. 
After conference, however, and on the de- 
sire of the Y. M. C. A., an understanding 
was reached that that organization should 
carry on recreation work in the field and 
in Paris and the Red Cross recreation 



work in the hospitals and convalescent 
homes. 

To Help Give Reports of Wounded 

"The casualty service of the Red Cross 
army division will act as an accessory to 
that of the United States army and will 
amplify and humanize the short reports 
which the army must of necessity give to 
men killed, wounded or missing. An "In- 
quiry Searching Station" will be opened in 
Paris, which will keep a card-index of 
every American soldier reported as sick, 
wounded, killed, taken prisoner or miss- 
ing. A corps of searchers will be stationed 
at all military hospitals, repose stations, 
base camps, convalescent resorts and shell 
shock stations and with every regiment 
Red Cross representatives are stationed at 
the ports. 

"Recreation huts are about to be erected 
by the Red Cross at nine base hospitals ; 
eventually they will number sixty. Each in- 
cludes a social hall, reading, writing and 
game rooms, a nurses' room, kitchen and 
Red Cross offices and its equipment in- 
cludes a piano, cinema machine, billiard 
table and basketball, baseball, football, ten- 
nis and handball apparatus. The rec- 
reational work in these huts will be car- 
ried on by the Y. M. C. A., that in the 
wards by the Red Cross. 

Red Cross Libraries 

"The Red Cross library distribution serv- 
ice has in hand a large number of com- 
plete libraries of American and English 
books, and French dictionaries for the 
service of patients and personnel. Ten 
such libraries, totaling 4,000 books, have 
been placed in hospitals. 

"In general, Red Cross equipment will be 
put to all manner of robust sociable uses 
outside the sick room. Its portable ice 
plants will be found supplying cold water 
to the sound of body and its portable laun- 
dries, douches and hot water for the same. 
Any one who has seen the men come out 
of the trenches caked with mud and dirt, 
drawn and tired by their experience, will 
appreciate that washing and food are the 
two things most needed to restore them to 
proper condition. Its kitchens, mounted 
on trucks, will furnish soup and bread in 
large quantities. Its chaplains' supply serv- 
ice furnished games, books and phono- 
graphs when the chaplains first reached 
their camps and helped bridge over a criti- 
cal time. Its infirmaries on the line of 
communication are places of refreshment 
as well as rest; and there is prospect that 
its recuperation camps will be broadened 
into great out-of-doors resorts for men on 
leave. 

"This division will also send food and 
clothing in packages to American prisoners 
It has representatives at Berne, where, be- 
cause of the long delay incident to trans- 
porting food, a stock ample enough for 
5,000 prisoners for six months will be 
carried. 

Aiding Troops En Route 

"At junction points on the French lines 



16 



BELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



of communication troops going forward or 
back on leave often have to spend hours 
waiting for trains, without any means for 
rest or food, occasionally sleeping in the 
open in the rain. Canteens have been 
opened by the American Red Cross at four 
junctions through which approximately a 
total of 18,000 men pass a day. The troops 
on permission find opportunity to obtain 
substantial hot meals at cost price, to clean 
sleeping quarters, proper washing facili- 
ties, a chance to change their linen and 
reading, writing and recreation rooms. 
They come in from the fighting zone tired, 
dirty, hungry, infected with trench vermin; 
they take the trains out refreshed both in 
body and spirit. By the time the cold 
weather sets in this service will be cover- 
ing a big territory. 

"In Paris the Red Cross is supplementing 
the work of French oeuvres in carrying on 
canteens, vestiaries and dortoirs at the five 
chief stations and at three stations on the 
extra mural belt line. It is running two 
■canteens at points near Paris which were 
without them, and has opened a night can- 
teen at the Gare de l'Est, where no pro- 
vision existed for train loads of men reach- 
ing Paris after six to ten hours on the cars, 
and after the closing of all the Paris eat- 
ing places. The city of Paris and its sub- 
urbs constitute the great center of French 
•canteen work, and through this reinforce- 
ment by the Red Cross the service to the 
soldiers has been more than doubled.' 



A Tremendous Responsibility 

The Food Administrator says that in our 
obligations to feed the allied armies and 
■war workers this winter we have a tre- 
mendous responsibility. 

The nature of this responsibility may be 
realized by anyone who wants to reflect 
upon what might happen if the allied line 
on the western front should crack through 
weakness of its activities by reason of lack 
of food. 

Canada and ourselves alone have the sur- 
plus food to meet this epoch-making re- 
sponsibility. 

But the necessary supplies can be sent 
"over there" only by personal food econo- 
mies of every man, woman and child in 
Canada and the United States. 

Dollars are not substitutes for food — we 
can. get the food only by intelligent substitu- 
tion and sacrifice if need be. The total quan- 
tity of food needed to hold the line on the 
western front must be made up from the 
individual savings of a population aggre- 
gating 120,000,000 people. Out of that pop- 
ulation Canada has less than 10,000,000 
people. So the burden falls almost wholly 
upon us. 

When the issues and the outcome of this 
w ar are finally analyzed, the American fam- 
ily table during the winter of 1917-18 will 
loom as large as the heavy artillery. 

What will history say? — Weekly Bulletin, 
U. S. Food Ad ministration. 



Individual Income Tax. 

The forms for reporting incomes 
of $1,000 or over for single persons 
and $2,000 or over for married per- 
sons or heads of families will be 
ready for distribution the latter part 
of December or first part of January. 
It is not known at the present time 
whether these forms will be deliv- 
ered by the government or whether 
the individuals must obtain them 
from the internal revenue collectors. 
Advice on this point will be given as 
soon as definite information is re- 
ceived. 

All items of income for the cal- 
endar year 1917 must be reported 
(do not overlook cash bonus pay- 
ments received during the year). 

Forms must be completed, sworn 
to and filed by mail or otherwise 
with the collector of internal reve- 
nue of the district in which you re- 
side, on or before March 1st. 

Payment of the tax may be made 
at time of filing the return or not 
later than June 15th. 

As soon as the forms are put in 
circulation by the government, a sup- 
ply will be kept by Mr. W. R. 
Hearne, Room 1502, 212 West Wash- 
ington street, Chicago, 111. 

B. S. Garvey, 
General Auditor. 



Bell Telephone Gardening Asso- 
ciation 

While a few months ago our gardens 
were the source of much pride and joy, the 
source of many enjoyable meals, and inci- 
dentally the subject of many chesty orations, 
they now look like a battlefield somewhere 
in Europe, after a retirement of those 
of kultur. However, when we look at the 
rows of fruit jars on the pantry shelves 
and take a squint at the well-stocked cel- 
lar, we know our labor has not been in 
vain, and resolve that next year that 
scraggy, battle-scarred garden is coming 
back with renewed life and splendor. 

A few snowstorms or even a blizzard 
doesn't dampen the ardor of the true gar- 
dener, as is exemplified by the replies to 
the questionnaire recently sent out to the 
members of the Bell Telephone Gardening 
Association of Chicago. From all indica- 
tions next year will be a banner one for 
the association, in members, gardens and 
results. It is feared, however, that it may 
be found necessary to charter the Coliseum 
for the annual exhibition unless the mem- 
berships and entries are limited. 

Among the questions asked the members 
are the following : 

Size of the garden, kind of soil and kind 
and amount of fertilizer. 

Questions regarding canning of vegeta- 



bles, plans for next year, success of garden, 
etc. 

When all of the questionnaires have been 
filled in and returned to the secretary, the 
association will have some interesting and 
valuable data on which to base plans for 
next year. A few are still outstanding and 
the members are urged to send them in as 
soon as possible. 



Accounting Men in War Service 

The occupations of accounting and book- 
keeping are not supposed to be productive 
of muscular development and military 
prowess, but the accounting department of 
the Central Group has up to date furnished 
the United States army and navy with 
twenty-nine good men and true. Many 
others have successfully passed the physi- 
cal examination and are holding themselves 
in readiness for a call to service. 

A large number of letters have been re- 
ceived from the absent ones, all testifying 
that they are receiving the best of treat- 
ment from Uncle Sam and are enjoying 
the work. 

Here is an alphabetical list of account- 
ing department men now actually in the 
service and their locations as last reported. 
Pick out the men you know and write 
them. A soldier is always happy to hear 
from friends at home: 

Melville D. Bailey, Company D, 410th Tel. 
Battalion, Ft. Leavenworth, Kans. 

James A. Berry, Hdqts. Co. 410th Tel. Bat- 
talion, Ft. Leavenworth, Kans. 

P. J. Casey, Company K, 344th Infantry, 
Camp Grant, Rockford, 111. 

Thomas A. Caughey, Company D, 410th Tel. 
Battalion, Ft. Leavenworth, Kans. 

H. L. Conley, Ordnance School, University 
of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 

Rudolph M. Corbett, Company D, 1st Reg., 
111. Engineers, Camp Logan, Houston, Tex. 

Edward E. Dockum, Company D, 410th Tel. 
Battalion, Ft. Leavenworth, Kans. 

Anthony C. Erickson, Battery A, Light Field 
Artillery, Rockford, 111. 

John T. Gill, Company D, 410th Tel. Bat- 
talion, Ft. Leavenworth, Kans. 

H. J. Hathaway, Company D, 410th Tel. Bat- 
talion, Ft. Leavenworth, Kans. 

Charles G. Harris, U. S. Navy, location un- 
known. 

Willis Heinzelman, Company D. 409th Tel. 
Battalion, National Army, American Expe- 
ditionary Force, via New Tork City. 

Louis P. Helmreich, Company D, 409th Tel. 
Battalion, National Army, American Expe- 
ditionary Force, via New York City. 

Gerhardt ,T. Klix, Company D, 409th Tel. Bat- 
talion, National Army, American Expedi- 
tionary Force, via New York City. 

H. G. Knight, U. S. Navy, IT. S. S. Birming- 
ham, care of Postmaster, New York. 

Walter E. Knoth, Company D, 2nd 111. Field 
Artillery, Camp Logan, Houston, Tex. , 

Geo. H. Kohler, Company I, 344th Infantry, 
Camp Grant, Rockford. 111. 

Adolph A. Kosick, Company C, 311th Engi- 
neers. Camp Grant, Rockford. III. 

Floyd S. McKenzie, Company D. 410th Tel. 
Battalion. Ft. Leavenworth, Kans. 

Robin N. McMillan, Company E, 1st Illinois 
Infantry, Camp Loean, Houston, Tex. 

Steven R. Olsen, U. S. Naval Reserve Force, 
Auxiliary, 120 W. Adams St., Chicago, 111. 

John R. Robertson. Company E, 409th Tel. 
Battalion, National Army, American Expe- 
ditionary Force, via New York City . 

Adolph G. Schroeder, Battery D, 2nd Illinois 
Artillery, Camp Logan. Houston. Tex. 

Fred J. Scott, Battery C, 2nd Illinois Artil- 
lery, Camp Logan, Houston, Tex. 

Roy E. Stouthamer, Company E, 410th Tel. 
Battalion, Ft. Leavenworth. Kans. 

A. L. P. Sweeney, Reserve Officers' Training 
Camp. Fort Sheridan, Illinois. 

Elmer IT. Thilmont, Company E. 409th Tel. 
Battalion, National Army, American Expe- 
ditionary Force, via New York City. 

Sam J. Vehon, 2nd Illinois Field Hospital, 
Camp I.opan, Houston, Tex. 

A E. Whitman, Company K, 1st Illinois In- 
fantry, Camp Logan. Houston, Tex. 



BELL-TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



17 



Camp Alfred Vail 

Training Camp for Signal Corps Named for Uncle of Theodore N. Vail and Associate of S. F. B. Morse 

in the Invention of the Telegraph. 



The training camp of the Eastern Divi- 
sion of the Signal Corps, United States 
Reserves, at Monmouth Park, N. J., has 
been officially named "Camp Alfred Vail," 
while that at Leon Springs, Texas, will be 
known henceforth as Camp S. F. B. Morse. 

There is singular appropriateness in 
associating the names of Morse and Vail 
with these camps. The public is well ac- 
quainted with the work of Professor S. F. 
B. Morse in the development of the elec- 
tro-magnetic telegraph, although Alfred 
Vail is not so well known in that connec- 
tion. 

The name of Vail has been written large 
in the history of the art of communica- 
tion. It was at the Speedwell Iron Works, 
near Morristown, N. J., that Stephen Vail 
built the engines of the first steamship to 
cross the Atlantic. The successful appli- 
cation of steam propulsion to ships brought 
Europe and America closer together, by 
making quicker communication possible 
between the Old World and the New. 

What the marine engine did for com- 
munication by sea, the locomotive did for 
overland communication, and it was at the 
Speedwell works that some of the first 
locomotives ever made in this country were 
built, and the firm of Baldwin and Vail 
were the predecessors of the world-fa- 
mous Baldwin Locomotive Works. 

At the Speedwell works Professor 
Morse and his associate, Alfred Vail, de- 
veloped the electro- 
magnetic telegraph 
which was destined 
to revolutionize the 
world's methods of 
communication. 

Still another gen- 
eration of Vails ' 
was destined to 
play a leading rSle 
in the development 
of communication. 
Theodore N. Vail, 
nephew of Alfred 
Vail, after reorgan- 
izing the railway 
mail service and 
putting it on an 
efficiency basis, be- 
came the first gen- 
eral manager of the 
Bell System, and 
his broad vision 
and splendid lead- 
ership have given 
the nation the best 
and most compre- 
hensive telephone 
system in the world. 
Three generations 




ALFRED VAIL. 

of Vails have contributed greatly to the 
world's progress in the art of communica- 
tion, which was revolutionized by the de- 
velopment of the electro-magnetic tele- 
graph, in which Alfred Vail had so im- 
portant a part. 

In 1835 the University of New York 
established a professorship of the Litera- 
ture of Arts and Design, and Samuel 




tfHOP IN WHICH VAIL CONSTRUCTED TELEGRAPH APPARATUS FOR EXHIBITION 

BEFORE CONGRESS. 



Finley Breese Morse became the first in- 
cumbent. Morse had already achieved 
considerable reputation as an historical 
painter, and it is related that while he and 
Alfred Vail were building the first tele- 
phone apparatus at Speedwell, Morse 
painted some very excellent portraits of 
members of the Vail family. 

It was a happy combination: Morse 
with his great vision, his splendid and 
forceful personality; Vail with his trained, 
scientific mind, knowledge of mechanics 
and inventive genius. 

Morse had no money with which to 
push the invention, and Alfred Vail suc- 
ceeded in interesting his father, Judge 
Vail, the owner of the Speedwell Iron 
Works. 

Judge Vail furnished the capital to 
build the first working model to demon- 
strate the Morse idea, the sum of $2,000, 
which was no inconsiderable sum in those 
days to risk in a speculative investment. 

An agreement between Samuel F. B. 
Morse and Alfred Vail, signed on 
September 23, 1837, stipulated that Vail 
should contract and exhibit at his own 
expense before a committee of Congress 
one of the telegraphs "of the plan and 
invention of Morse"; that he should give 
his time and personal services to the 
work, and assume the expense of exhibit- 
ing the apparatus and of procuring pat- 
ents in the United 
States. In return 
Vail was to receive 
one-fourth of all 
rights in the inven- 
tion in the United 
States, and an in- 
terest in any for- 
eign patents which 
he might furnish 
the means to obtain. 

Although the 
principle of the 
electro-magnet tele- 
graph had been 
demonstrated early 
in 1838, it was not 
until May 3, 1844, 
that the now his- 
toric message, 
'What hath God 
wrought !" was sent 
by Morse from 
Washington and re- 
ceived by Vail at 
Baltimore. 

From the crude in- 
struments at Speed- 
well, which first 
carried the elec- 



IB 



BELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



trical message, has come all the wonderful 
progress in communication of the last half 
century— including Bell's great gift to the 
world — the telephone — for it was while 
experimenting with his "Harmonic Tele- 
graph'' that Bell found the solution of his 
dream of transmitting speech by elec- 
tricity. 

Camp Alfred Vail is a training place for 
men of the Bell System who have volun- 
teered in the U. S. Signal Corps. Here 
they are learning to apply to the winning 
of the war their splendid technical train- 
ing and knowledge of the art of com- 
munication. 

It is fitting that they should receive their 
military training at a camp bearing a 
name that for three generations has been 
identified in a large way with the develop 
ment of communication, so important in 
peace and war. 



Schroeder Breaks" Loop the Loop" 
Record 

Thousands of patriotic Chicagoans were 
thrilled and amazed on the afternoon of 
Sunday, October 21st, when Lieutenant 
Rudolph W. Schroeder, of the aviation 
service, broke all previous records for 
"looping the loop" in a flying machine. 
This sensational flight was made from Grant 
Park. Schroeder "looped the loop" thirty- 
nine times, and, in fact, it appeared to the 
spectators that he was on his head most of 
the time. 

Lieutenant Schroeder is a former plant 
employe of the Chicago Telephone Com- 
pany. For several years, he was a chauf- 
feur, working from the Westside garage. 
During spare moments, while waiting for 
calls to take out a machine he began to 
construct a home made aeroplane. He 
continually whittled away at models for 
parts, and his friends believe that he 
would eventually have succeeded in making 
a successful machine. However, he se- 
cured an opportunity to enter aviation work 
and left the company. Thereafter, he 
could be found almost any day at the avia- 
tion field in Cicero. 

"Rhody," as he was familiarly known, 
was mechanician for Otto W. Brodie, and 
was present when this aviator was killed in 
April, 1914. He is said to have warned 
Brodie that he was taking an unwarranted 
risk that day in attempting to fly. "Rhody" 
seems to have a sort of uncanny presage 
in these matters, and it is this subtle sense 
which has made him a successful aviator. 

When the United States entered the war. 
"Rhody" enlisted in the aviation corps, and 
his promotion to the rank of a commis- 
sioned officer was a foregone conclusion. 

fn a letter to Chester Bohn of the Illi- 
nois engineering department. Lieutenant 
Schroeder, now instructor at the Signal 
Corps Aviation School, Chanute Field, Ran- 
toul, 111., writes, 

"You must have been surprised to learn 
that I am the one who was doing the flying 
over the lake front. Well, T have been in 




SAMUEL F. B. MORSE. 



this game long enough to do something, 
and at last feel that I am making good. I 
have been in this school as instructor since 
it started last fall. 

"Besides the flight over Chicago, I made 
one to Dayton, Ohio, and return, covering 
315 miles in three hours. Some speed. 
While at Dayton I looped twenty-eight 
times without stopping, which gave me the 
record for army flyers, but I beat this 
mark at Chicago with thirty-nine loops. 

"On the Sunday afternoon when I made 
the flight over Chicago, conditions were 
bad for trying to make a loop record, as 
the clouds were only 5,000 feet up. As it 
was, I made more than I expected. I lost 
4,000 feet in thirty-nine loops, and if the 
sky had been clear, I could have gone up 
about 10,000 feet which would have' enabled 
me to make enough loops to satisfy me for 
a while." 



Paying for Liberty Bonds 

On November loth, which was the date 
on which the first installment on Liberty 
Loan Bonds was due, approximately $2,- 
400,000,000 was paid in, although less than 
a third of that amount was due. 




LIEUTENANT R. W. SCHROEDER. 
Holder of the "loop the loop" record, In 
his aeroplane. 



In other words, nearly two-thirds of the 
aggregate subscriptions to the second Lib 
erty Loan have been paid in full, the pur- 
chasers not availing themselves of the right 
to wait until December 15th and January 
15th to make their other payments. 



Mr. Hoover'll Get You 

(Apologies to James Whitcomh Riley.) 
Mr. Hoover's creed of saving's come to our 

house to stay ; 
It makes us scrape our plates off clean and 

watch the crumbs that stray ; 
We're learning to eat every bite of beets 

and peas and beans 
And using lots of veg'tables like cabbages 

and greens. 
For we want to aid the Allies and help our 

cause along, 
And assist the little nations and do it good 

and strong. 
So you better watch your eatin' and mind 

what you're about 
Or Mr. Hoover'll get you 

Ef you 
Don't 

Watch 
Out! 

You mustn't go to market and order lamb 
or veal, 

You help the Kaiser if you do and from the 

Allies steal ; 
For lamb grows into mutton and veal would 

soon be beef, 
If you're only using "grown up" meat you'll 

give the French relief. 
Then most of us eat too much meat for 

our own good. I guess 
'Twould help us and the Allies, too, to get 

along with less. 
So watch what you're a-buyin' and cut the 

young meat out 
Or Mr. Hoover'll get you 

Ef you 
Don't 

Watch 
Out! 

All summer fruits and veg'tables he's urgin' 
us to can. 

And even on the slightest waste he's surely 
put a ban. 

Don't turn your face away and sniff when 

mother serves you hash, 
'Twill not only aid the Belgians, but in- 
crease your stock of cash, 
And when you use the scraps and bones 

for making stews and soups, 
It's really helping quite a lot to feed our 

valiant troops. 
Save the Allies from starvation and your- 
self from having gout 
Or Mr. Hoover'll get you 

Ef you 
Don't 

Watch 
Out! 

— Indiana Bulletin, published by Indiana 
State Council of Defense. 



BELL'TELEPtlONE'NEWJ 



19 



The War-Savings Plan Sum- 
marized 

The war-savings plan provided for in 
the last bond act of September 24, 1917, 
has been formulated and announced by 
the Treasury Department and went into 
operation on Monday, December 3d. 

The plan puts it easily in reach of every 
American citizen to save money and at 
the same time aid the government by sup- 
plying it with the sinews of war. 

Another opportunity is thus afforded 
Central Group employes to "do their bit" 
in support of the government. Judging 
from their purchases of Liberty Bonds, 
there is no doubt that they will buy war 
savings certificates liberally. 

Stamps, which are the government's cer- 
tificates of indebtedness, are to be sold in 
two denominations — thrift stamps, which 
cost twenty-five cents each, and war sav- 
ings stamps, which cost from $4.12 to $4.23 
each, according to the month in which they 
are purchased. 

With the first thrift stamp the purchaser 
is given a thrift card with spaces for six- 
teen stamps. When sixteen thrift stamps 
have been purchased and affixed the thrift 
card can be exchanged for a war savings 
stamp by paying the difference between 
the $4 the thrift stamps represent and the 
current value of a war savings stamp, 
which in December, 1917, and January, 
1918, will be $4.12, and thereafter one cent 
for each succeeding month during the year 
1918. 

With the first war savings stamp ob- 
tained by purchase or exchange the owner 
is given a war savings certificate contain- 
ing spaces for twenty war savings stamps. 
If the twenty spaces are filled during De- 
cember, 1917, or January, 1918, the cost to 
the purchaser will be $4.12 for each stamp, 
■or $82.40 for the full certificate, and on 
day of January 1, 1923, the government 
will redeem the certificate at $100, giving 



the holder a net profit of $17.60 for the 
use of his money. 

Although these investments do not ma- 
ture until January 1, 1923, provision is 
made whereby upon ten days' written no- 
tice after January 1, 1918, such certificates 
will be redeemed by postmasters at their 
cost tb the purchasers plus one cent a 
month on each war savings stamp on the 
certificate. 

The thrift stamps do not bear interest, 
but the war savings stamps bear four per 
cent., compounded quarterly. The certifi- 
cates will be dated January 2, 1918, and 
mature January 1, 1923. 

Under the plan an amount as small as 
twenty-five cents can be invested in a gov- 
ernment security, and as soon as $4 has 
been thus invested an interest-bearing cer- 
tificate of the United States government 
can be secured. 

The stamps and certificates can be ob- 
tained from post offices, banks or trust 
companies, at most railroad stations, stores, 
factories and many other public places. 

Having the entire wealth of the United 
States back of them, and being redeem- 
able as above stated, there is no danger of 
any depreciation in value of the certifi- 
cates. 



Signal Corps Men in France 

Letters have been received from mem- 
bers of one of the telegraph battalions 
made up of Bell Telephone men of the 
Central Group. The men are now in 
France, having safely crossed the Atlantic 
and reached their designated position 
somewhere back of the battle line. The 
censorship regulations have not permitted 
the men to tell very much about what they 
are doing, but all are well and none suf- 
fered any great hardships on the trip. The 
submarine zone was passed safely without 
a periscope being seen. A few of the men 
were seasick for a short time. Thev were 



well fed while on the transport and ex- 
pressed themselves as having enjoyed the 
trip thoroughly. 

Following is a copy of one of the letters 
received : 

"H-5-17. 

"Mr. Irwin, Editor Bell News: 

"Somewhere in France are many happy 
men who three months ago were engaged 
in business for the C. T. Company. Dur- 
ing the time which has elapsed many inter- 
esting events have transpired. 

"Our departure you no doubt have infor- 
mation of but I can disclose no movements 
as you know the censorship restrictions 
prevailing at this time and place, forbid 
same. 

"Regarding our oversea voyage I can 
say it sure met with our approval, espe- 
cially the exceptionally good quality of 
foodstuffs we received. 

"Few were seasick but Lieutenant Moran 
had an attack, also myself, lasting two 
days. Some funny feeling, I'll say. 

"During our passage through the war 
zone we slept with our clothes on. As far 
as submarines are concerned they a: rn't 
any more effective than a fleet of Irish 
row-boats, but we had abandoned-ship 
drills with life-belts at regular intervals. 

"We had an Artillery Band accompany- 
ing us, so we did not want for music. 

"Some of the French peasants of this 
vicinity wear wooden shoes, and I noticed 
that some telephone lines are strung over 
tops of buildings without the support of 
poles as in the U. S. A. 

"Can you arrange to send me, personally, 
the Bell News for October and November 
The boys would like to see it. 

"Can you send word to Mr. Drew of the 
accounting department, room 1301, inform- 
ing him of this letter and of my general 
good health, also of Mr. Robertson, both 
of us being formerly in his employ. 
"Serot. Elmer H. Thilmont." 




BKM, TELEPHONE SIGNAL CORPS MEN NOW IN FRANCE. 
JlWt Observation Tower. Center— Trooper Telephoning Order to Gunner. Right— Gun in Action. Photograph by International Film Service. 



20 



BELL'TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



seem almost to cluster against the tall 
buildings in the narrow streets, it is the 
flag with 'twelve stars or less' that is rare." 

The Times Magazine gives a long list of 
New York concerns which have service 
flags arjd states that "totals of men con- 
tributed to the country's service by some 
of the large corporations run very high. 

"The American Express Company, for 
instance, reports that about 1,000 of its 
employes have volunteered. The Standard 



that "one company, said to be the largest 
manufacturers of such flags in the .-ity, 
but by no means the only one, reports that 
it has made in the neighborhood of 100 000 

service flags." 




Second Liberty Loan 

As in the First Liberty Loan campaign, 
employes in the Central Group of Tele- 
phone companies again responded patriotic- 
ally when bonds of the Second Liberty 
Loan were offered for sale. A 
total of $401,350 worth of bonds 
were subscribed for by 7,147 em- 
ployes making the average for 
each employe $04.55. 

Following are the number of 
employes in each company who | 
bought bonds and the amount sub- 
scribed : Chicago Telephone Com- 
pany, 3,910 employes, $234,550; 
Wisconsin Telephone Company, 
903 employes, $53,750; The Cleve- 
land Telephone Company, 1,440 
employes, $85,300 ; Michigan State 
Telephone Company, 743 em- .' 
ployes, $45,500; Joint (four com- 
panies), 139 employes, $42,250. 



LARGEST SERVICE FLAG IN NEW YORK. 
It flies from the top of the Bell Telephone Building at 195 
Broadway. Woolworth Building in background. 



Service Flags 

The New York Times Magazine recent- 
ly printed an interesting article on service 
flags which many business concerns dis- 
play to show the number of their men who 
are in military service. 

The magazine says : "From the one- 
starred squares that dot the windows of 
apartment houses, to the great banner with 
the figures 6,861 in stars that is the pride 
of the American Telephone and Telegraph 
Company, service flags fly glow- 
ingly all over town these days. 
But if one stops to ask a ques- 
tion about one of them, the in- 
terest of the answer does not lie 
in the number of stars alone. 
That, the inquirer is told, is 
twelve, or twenty, or 200, or 
whatever it may be, but nine 
times out of ten there is another 
bit of information, delivered with 
bright, snappy pride : 'There'll 
be more soon.' 

"The service flag of the Amer- 
ican Telephone and Telegraph 
Company is fifty-two by thirty- 
two feet in size. But even so 
large a banner as that can not 
hold 6,861 stars, and when it 
was found that the number of 
company employes in the United 
States service reached that figure, 
it was seen that some special ar- 
rangement had to be made. This 
was done; the figures themselves 
are set in blue stars in the flag's 
white center. The employes of 
the American Telephone and Tel- 
egraph and associated companies 
enrolled or in active service are 
scattered through every branch 
of the army and navy, and come 
from every state in the union. 
The flag was flung out for the 
first time from the Telephone 
and Telegraph building at 195 
Broadway on the morning of 
November 9th. 

"The service flag of the United 
States Rubber Company has 1,554 
stars. The number of stars in 
the flag of the Interborough 
Rapid Transit Company is 1,260. 
The Metropolitan Life Insurance 
Company has 569 stars in its flag. The 
municipal building's service flag has 393 
stars and the flag of the American To- 
bacco Company 325. The Public Service 
Commission's flag shows 257 men in the 
service. 

"A manufacturer of service flags says 
that he began to make them 'on a basis of 
twelve stars or less.' On that basis he 
charges five cents extra for each star when 
the number is over twelve. But if any one 
expected that the flag with more than 
twelve stars would be a rarity, he has only 
to look about him to be mightily astonished 
now. In the financial district, certainly, 
where at a little distance away the flags 



Oil Company of New York has 345 men 
in the country's service. Four hundred and 
fifty men have left the New York Edison 
Company to join the nation's fighting 
forces, and among the allied companies 357 
have gone from the Consolidated Gas and 
affiliated companies, 108 from the United 
Electric Light and Power Company and 
thirty from the New York and Queens 
Electric Light and Power Company, ninety- 
three from the William R. Grace Company 
and fifty from the Johns-Manville Com- 
pany. The service flag of Rogers Peet and 
Company has eighty stars. The Hippo- 
drome has eighty-seven." 

The article concludes with the statement 



American Telephones in 
France 

Information received at the of- 
fices of the American Telephone 
and Telegraph Company states 
that General Pershing's headquar- 
ters in France have been con- 
nected with all encampments and 
training quarters of the American 
army by a telephone system con- 
structed by Americans. All ma- 
terials except poles were shipped 
from this side. 

Two battalions of the army men 
who built the first American tele- 
phone system on French soil were 
former employes of the Bell Sys- 
tem. About 2,500 other former 
employes of the company are al- 
ready in France with the army 
Signal Corps or in mobilization 
camps awaiting orders to embark. 

"It is a great treat for the of- 
ficers to be able to talk through 
an American instrument instead 
of the types used on the continent," is the 
information received from abroad. 

The rapidity and accuracy with which 
the Americans installed four telephone 
lines to Paris amazed their French cousins. 
Within five minutes after the orders were 
issued the men were at work on the job. — \ 
Pacific Telephone Magazine. 



A New One at Last 

The other day when the wire chief was 
testing the rural lines he asked one farmer 
if he cleaned the carbons after the storm 
and the farmer said : 

"I always clean my cow-barn after a 
storm." 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



21 



Men's Tennis Tournament 

The Chicago Telephone Company men's 
tei nis tournament for 1917 has been a most 
interesting one. Most of the games have 
been hard fought and although there has 
been the keenest rivalry between the vari- 
ous players, good sportsmanship always 
prevailed. 

There were ninety-five entries in the 
singles. They were separated into three di- 
visions, the South Side, the North Side 
and the General Office. First and second 
places were won in each division as fol- 
lows : South Side, R. J. Dubach, first ; 
J. F. Heatherson, second; North Side, 

H. H. Leekley, first; J. L. Campbell, sec- 
ond ; General Office, E. F. Riddle, first ; 

I. Mehringer, second. 

The winners and runners-up then met 
in the finals with the results shown below : 

The final games were postponed several 
times because of the cold, unfavorable 
weather, and it was not until November 
14th that Riddle and Leekley met to settle 
the argument on the Chicago Tennis Club's 
courts. It was a cold, unfavorable day and 
the shivering spectators envied the players, 
as standing about in the chill wind was 
not exactly pleasant. The two players, 
however, gave a good exhibition of tennis, 
Riddle finally emerging victor by winning 
three sets out of four, 6-4, 6-2, 7-9, 6-4. 

The first prize, won by Riddle, was a 
sweater coat, second prizes, won by Du- 
bach and Leekley, were tennis rackets, and 
third prizes, won by Campbell, Mehringer 
and Heatherson, were tennis shoes. 

In the doubles, thirty-eight teams started 
the season about June 1st. H. H. Leekley 
and F. W. Goebel defeated R. J. Vetter 
and R. De Pau in the finals, 11-9, 6-3, 6-1. 
First prizes were tennis rackets and sec- 
ond prizes, tennis shoes. 



Outlaw Bowling League 

Captain Hanson's Destroyers maintained 
the lead in the Outlaw Bowling League 
by decisively defeating J. C Wylie's Goats 
in three games on November 20th. The 
Raiders, who are in second place, are try- 
ing hard to overtake the Destroyers, but 
will find it a very difficult task to do so. 

The Goats now hold the cellar position ; 
maybe there will be a booby prize. 

Captain Newcomb of the Repeaters must 
have called a special meeting of his team 
for A. Arndt rolled an average of 178, 
keeping his team in the running. 

Since J. Penn purchased Sam Rashman's 



i 




E. F. RIDDLE AND H. H. LEEKLEY. 
Winner and runner-up in Chicago Telephone 
Company men's singles tennis tournament. 



bowling shoes Jim has shown a great im- 
provement on the alleys. 

STANDING ON NOVEMBER 21ST. 



Total 

Teams. Won. Lost. Pet. pins. 

Destroyers 19 8 .704 19,160 

Raiders 17 10 .629 20,048 

Repeaters 15 12 .655 19,439 

Wreckers 14 13 .518 19,245 

Highbinders 13 14 .481 19,183 

Highbrows 11 16 .407 18,834 

Pirates 10 16 .370 19,075 

Goats 9 18 .333 18,456 



The Destroyers hold high team score of 
912 and the Highbinders high average for 
three games with 803. L. C. Jones, Repeat- 
ers, has high individual score of 243, and 
A. G. Kingman, Highbrows, high individual 
average for three games with 203 ]-3. 



Ideal Bowling League 

Last year, when the Ideal Bowling 
League was formed, the object was pleas- 
ure intermingled with a little bowling; and 
every member apparently enjoyed himself. 

With the opening of the 1917-18 season, 
two more teams were entered, the Plant 
Accountants and the Hookers, and there 
is more noise and pleasure than ever at 
Mussey's alleys every Monday night. The 
more serious-minded members have sug- 
gested that a petition be circulated to cur- 
tail or cut out the noise and stated that 
the traffic policeman on more than one oc- 
casion had started to put in a riot call. 

The League upsets all sorts of bowling 
dope. The better bowlers are just as likely 
to have low scores as are some of those 



who call it a good game when they get 120. 
The Invincibles entirely belie their name, 
although they did on one occasion win a 
couple of games in succession. The Traf- 
fic boys have one or two heavy bowlers 
on their team, Pashby, for example, but are 
'way down on the list. The Executives, 
with the high average, persist in losing 
games, and they claim that "handicap did 
it." 

The writer of this article does not like 
to mention the Assignment team. Last 
year they were the champions — but — this 
year — 

The former champions welcomed the 
Hookers into the league with loud cheers, 
as they claimed that these bowlers, most 
of whom throw left-hand hooks, were very 
fortunate if they ever landed on the head 
pin. This aroused the ire of the Hookers, 
who proceeded to trim the Assignment 
team in three straight games. The result 
was a challenge for the championship of 
the floor, the Hookers winning two games 
out of three from Assignment. 



STANDING ON NOVEMBER 19TH. 



Teams. Won. 


Lost. 


Pet. 


Av. 


General Commercial... 25 


5 


.833 


816 




10 


.667 


823 




10 


.667 


822 




12 


.600 


822 


Plant Accounting 16 


14 


.533 


813 


Commercial Engineers 16 


14 


.533 


809 




15 


.500 


820 




20 


.333 


776 


Traffic 6 


24 


.200 


705 




26 


.133 


719 


The Executives hold high team 


score with 



942 and Plant Accounting holds high team 
average for three games with 908. O'Brien 
of the Plant Accounting has high individ- 
ual score of 237 and Emrich of the Hook- 
ers high individual average of 190. 



Bell Telephone Bowling League 

First place in the Bell Telephone Bowl- 
ing League is still held by the Supply team, 
which has been traveling at a fast clip. 
This aggregation also continues in pos- 
session of high team score with 1,000 and 
high team average for three games with 
960-2. 

Stahl, Accounting, has high individual 
score of 256 and Carey, Commercial, high 
individual average for three games with a 
mark of 217. 

The first weekly prize was won by Carey, 
Commercial, with 234 and the second by 
A. Bates, P. B. X., with 233. 

STANDING OF THE TEAMS NOV. 21ST. 
Team. Won. Lost. Pet. Average. 





. . 25 


5 


.833 


891 


-20 




. 18 


12 


.600 


863 






. 17 


13 


.567 


851 


-21 




. 16 


14 


.533 


847 


-21 




. . 16 


14 


.533 


845 


■20 


15 


15 


.soo 


829 


-21 


Wentworth 


13 


17 


.433 


806 


-12 




12 


18 


.400 


807 


-1 


P. B. X. (Inst.). . 


. 9 


21 


.300 


787 


■5 




. . 9 


21 


.300 


761 


-6 



Hint to Young Men 

Young men can aid in the conservation 
of coal and electric current by terminating 
their calls at a patriotic hour. Besides, 
every girl needs a certain amount of sleep. 

— Pittsburgh Gazette-Times. 



R. J. Dtil>a»-h 



E. F. Riddle 

•I. I.. Campbell . 



c E. F. Riddle. . 
) B-3 : 6-0 : 7-5 



I. Mehringer / I. Mehrlnjcer . . . 

J 6-0 : 6-2 : 6-1 
I. F. Heather«>n ) 

fl. H. I.eekley 



K. F. Riddle . 

6-2 : 6-2 : 6-2 



If. H. I-eekley . . . 

2-6 : 6-2 : 7-5 : 6-3 



L F.. F. Riddle. 

6-4 : 6-2 : 7-9 : 6-4 



TABLE SHOWI.W; CLOSING ROTNDS OF MEN'S SINGLES TOl'KNA MENT. 



22 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 




Of In terest To Our G irls 

Conducted by Mrs. F. E.Dewhurst T ^f ) 




Christmas and the Cross 

Again Christmas comes without Peace 
on Earth. And this year we are fighting 
for that Peace. Our magazine is full of 
the Red Cross symbols instead of the red 
Christmas bells. 

But was there ever a Christ- 
mas when we all felt the beauty 
of our Christmas symbol of 
Peace on Earth as we do now? 
Are there not more universal 
longings for good will on earth? 
Our men are ready to die to 
make a lasting Peace on 
Earth ; our women are giving 
their sons, their brothers, their 
lovers to bring this wonderful 
Peace. And the symbol of the 
cross is to us, this Christmas, 
the Symbol of the sacrifice we 
would all make to bring back 
the angels with their message 
of "Peace on Earth, Good Will 
to Men." 

On the batlefields of Europe 
there will be the Christmas 
mass and in strange places rev- 
erent groups will kneel and rev- 
erence the Prince of Peace. 
Never before were there such 
crowded churches, such univer- 
sal interest in the Christmas 
services as last year; and this 
year will bring even more in- 
tensity to the desire for a last- 
ing Peace. To us whose feet 
have been unwillingly led into 
war will come a high and de- 
voted purpose to give our all to 
make another Christmas glo- 
rious with the splendid achieve- 
ment of a Peace that envelopes 
the world. 

In the beautiful little book 
"Mademoiselle Miss," which is 
made up of letters written with 
no expectation of publication, 
there is a beautiful story of 
how a Red Cross nurse made a 
Christmas festival for the sol- 
diers in her hospital. All of 
them are "her children" and no 
mother ever planned a Christ- 
mas celebration for her little 
ones with more enthusiasm. Our girls 
will be glad to read this Christmas letter. 

"The Star of Bethlehem has shone very 
close above my humble shelter at this 
blessed season, and the Angel of Death 
has not passed over it. For which I am 
so utterly thankful that my heart is as 
light as a lark's today; and it has learned 
— as our soldiers learn to sleep in the 
trenches — not to forecast alarms for the 
morrow. 



"It was over a month ago, when the 
stress of death and swift changes were at 
their height that for once in my life I had 
a flash of forethought for Christmas; and 
when the Government offered me six days' 
leave of absence, to which we are entitled 




TYPES OF SPLENDID AMERICAN WOMEN ENGAGED IN RED 
CROSS WORK. 

— Photo by International Film Service. 



at this time, I refused it instantly. Moth- 
ers who love their children don't go off 
and leave them with empty stockings then. 
And the soldier, more than any other 
creature in the world, I believe, does love 
to be diverted. 

"I happened to tell my scheme to the 
young chemist who helps in the operating 
room. As he forwards me in every way — 
from carrying wounded to providing me 
with chocolates which quickly disappear 



down thirty-three throats — he suggested 
interesting his mother and her Paris 
friends. Then there is a dear bonnie old 
woman who plays the role of fairy god- 
mother to my ward. For a long time I 
never knew who she was or where she 

came from ; but twice a week, 

just at soup-time, in would trot 
the dear, quaint creature, all 
tied up in a woolen fichu and 
laden with a huge basket filled 
for the whole family. Some- 
times it held baked apples all 
sticky with - jelly, sometimes a 
thick, savory pottage steaming 
hot, sometimes tarts or ripe 
pears — always a digestible in- 
spiration. She'd slip in, set the 
basket on the table, and slip 
out,' often before I had time to 
thank her. Later I found it 
was Mme. Nebout, who keeps 
the tiny grocery in the rue de 
Fremicourt; and I was almost 
sorry to place her, she was so 
like a figure out of Hans An- 
dersen. One day I caught her 
on the fly to ask if she could 
help me order a tree. Her keen, 
wrinkled eyes just danced. Not 
only she'd help me, but she 
knew a horticulturist who'd 
give me one if she said so, and 
she'd give me all the ribbons, 
and some handkerchiefs, and 
there was a confectioner who 
had bonbons to spare. So im- 
mediately I toek heart and saw 
my little festa taking stately 
proportions. A little thinking 
at nights, and three pilgrimages 
to town, of an hour and a half 
each, did the rest; and Christ- 
mas eve you couldn't have 
found a prettier tree in the 
whole republic than lifted its 
glimmering branches towards 
the rafters of Pavilion V. 

"Mme. B., my young friend's 
mother, sent me a portly case 
with many bonbons, cigarettes, 
twenty pipes and biscuits in pro- 
fusion ; and my good dames that 
house me so cheerfully tucked 
ten francs under my breakfast plate, 
and I myself stretched several points, 
'for Christmas comes but once a 
year.' So that at half-past six on 
Christmas eve when the head surgeon 
came, very nervous, to preside over the 
lighting of those precarious candles, he 
saw a quite enchanting sight. 

"All the fourteen windows of the ward 
garlanded with ivy, for which a faithful 
orderly had ferreted in the neglected en- 



BELL-TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



23 



\ irons ; all my twenty-nine wounded — the 
family is lacking four — propped on their 
pillows in anticipation; and in the middle 
• >ur tree, all a-glitter with bright globes 
and dozens of candles and bending under 
the weight of my tiny gifts — attached with 
tricolor. At the very top a tinsel star con- 
structed by me and an able-handed patient, 
with the tricolor at the topmost point — 
above the stars, mark you — and little silk 
flags of the Allies clustered below, with a 
microscopic Stars and Stripes. All this 
was surprise and excitement enough, but 
no one was prepared for the grand coup 
that was to follow. 

"After the tree was lighted I flew off 
to the supplies room with 'Grandpa' and a 
few minutes later out stepped as perfect 
a Pere Noel as ever walked through the 
pages of a story book — a French Father 
Christmas — no Santa Claus. A blue-gray 
cape covered him from top to toe, and on 
the long white beard and peaked hood the 
fresh snow glistened cheerily — a combina- 
tion of mica, boracic acid and cotton, not 
at all banal — in his hand a knotted cane 
and classic lantern, feet tucked in deep, 
turned-up wooden shoes, and on his back 
a basket with oranges and cakes for the 
whole hospital. You should have seen the 
joy and astonishment that accompanied his 
progress from pavilion to pavilion, several 
of us following to distribute the goodies ! 

"Once when we went into an isolation 
ward, where a poor fellow was languish- 
ing in the last stage of septic poisoning, 
there happened something strange and in- 
finitely touching. He must have taken the 
apparition for something heavenly ; for 
first a dazed look came over his face, then 
a marvelous smile, and he stretched out 
his arms. I bent down and whispered a 
Christmas message, and put an orange in 
his hand. It was his last consciousness 

"'Grandpa' acquitted himself master- 
fully. He made enchanting little discourses 
as if he had been a real actor instead of a 
simple peasant from the Oise ; and the 
head surgeon, who at first had been dubi- 
ous about the undertaking, was delighted. 

"When the distribution was over, I filled 
the arms of Pere Noel with red roses to 
distribute among the nurses, and he made 
an effect in blue, white and red — blue man- 
tel, white beard, red roses — that was alto- 
gether delightful. After that he gave to 
each of the doctors a little box daintily 
engraved with a wreath of flags and filled 
with dates I had stuffed at midnight. And 
then I began the distribution in my ward 
Each patient had a 'Victory Packet' — four 
sheets of writing paper, four envelopes, 
and an ink pencil tied with tricolor — a tiny 
mirror ("they adore to look at themselves), 
a tiny comb in a case, a bright package of 
bonbons, and a package of cigarettes. 
Tiny things, but all T could afford, and 
yoti weuld have thought Paradise had 
opened for them. 

"T forgot to mention that one of my 
wounded made a speech from his bed. and 
everv on* cheered for 'Mile. Miss.'" 



Food Conservation 

Eat one wheatless meal a day. 

Eat beef, mutton or pork not more than 
once a day. 

Economize in the use of butter. 

Cut the daily allowance of sugar in tea 
or coffee, and in other ways. 

Eat more vegetables, fruit and fish. 

Urge in the home or in restaurants fre- 
quented the necessity of economy. 

The above requests were made in July. 
What are you doing about them in Decem- 
ber? Are you sustaining and increasing 
your efforts? 

Unless your own family is a member of 
the U. S. Food Administration, you can- 
not properly influence others. If you have 
not already signed the food pledge, you 
should do so at once through the Federal 
Food Administrator of your state. 

"Food saving is now showing tangible 
results," writes James H. Collins, editor of 
the Weekly Bulletin of the United States 
Food Administration. 

"From the time last spring when econ- 
omy was first urged upon the American 
public until our crops were harvested re- 
sults were largely a matter of faith, for 
there was no definite way to tell how much 
food had been saved for our allies. 

"But now the shipments have begun go- 
ing abroad, and through the winter, by 
tabulating weekly totals of exports, we 
shall be able to measure that part of our 
loaf and roast actually being shared with 
our allies. 

"More than that, the first definite re- 
quest of the Food Administration for 
100,000 tons of sugar, to be shipped to 
France, was met immediately without pro- 
test by the eastern consuming public. The 
effect of withdrawing that quantity of 
sugar from eastern markets during the pe- 
riod of scarcity, while western beet sugar 
is moving east, was marked. Grocers' 
stocks and the hotel and household sup- 
plies were decreased to a point where the 
need for care in the use of sugar was 
brought home to every person. 

"This practical accomplishment is proof 
that democracy can do what the Germans 
told Ambassador- Gerard was impossible — 
organize for war service. 

"German autocracy is cordially invited 
to watch other results of American food 
saving along the same lines this winter." 

The United States Food Administration 
says : 

"Food administration must be based 
upon self-sacrifice of somebody some- 
where; the vast majority of our people will 
accept it willingly and with pride as a con- 
tribution that they have made in the na- 
tional cause. 

"Rv our entry into the war we arrive at 
two issues: First, the issue we must have 
partially confronted in any event, the con- 
trol of our food so as to stabilize prices, 
for unless we can do so we must meet a 
raise of wages with all its vicious circle 
of social disruption at a time when maxi- 



mum efficiency is vital to our safety; sec- 
ond, that we may also meet the increased 
demands of our allies, to keep them con- 
stant in the war." 



Then Dakin Washes the Dishes 

All the appraising in his family is not 
done by Appraisal Engineer Walter Dakin 
of the Chicago Telephone Company. Mrs. 
Dakin gives good proof in the following 
recipes that she is a skilful appraiser of 
food ingredients. 

OATMEAL BREAD. I 

4 cups rolled oats. 

5 cups boiling water. ; 
% cup brown sugar or molasses. 

1 tablespoon salt. 

2 tablespoons vegetable oil. 

1 compressed yeast cake dissolved in hi 
cup lukewarm water. 

1 cup bran. 
White flour. 

Pour boiling water over oats; add sugar, 
salt and oil. When lukewarm add dissolved 
yeast cake, bran and about two quarts of 
white flour. Let rise until double its bulk; 
mold in loaves; let rise again; bake. 

Makes four loaves. Corn meal may be 
used in place of a small portion, one or two 
cups, of white flour. 

BROWN BREAD. 

2 cups rye. 

2 cups graham. 
2 cups bran. 

2 cups white flour or Red Dog flour. 
% cup brown sugar. 
1 teaspoon salt. 

1 quart sour milk or buttermilk. 

2 heaping teaspoons soda dissolved In % 
cup hot water. 

Raisins, dates or nuts may be added. 

Bake forty-five minutes to one hour in 
slow oven. Corn meal may be substituted 
for part of flour. 

RYE MUFFINS. 

1 cup rye. 
1 cup graham. 
4 teaspoons baking powder. 
V4 teaspoon salt. 
1 tablespoon sugar. 
lYi cup milk or milk and water. 
1 egg. 

Vz tablespoon vegetable oil. 

Mix dry ingredients, add the balance. Beat 
well. Bake in hot oven fifteen or twenty 
minutes. 

WHEELING CHICKEN. 
3 4-lb. young chickens cut in pieces. 
3 tablespoons drippings (bacon preferable). 
2 small onions. 

Put fat and sliced onions in bottom of 
dripping pan. Season and flour chicken; lay 
in pan meat side up. Almost cover with 
boiling water. Cook in moderate oven one 
and one-half to two hours, basting every fif- 
teen minutes and turning every thirty min- 
utes. 

PLANKED FISH. 

Use plank of hickory or oak. 

Select white fish, trout or shad for plank- 
ing. Have fish boned. Put plank in hot oven 
and heat through. Remove from oven and 
lay fish on plank, skin side down. Season 
and dot with butter. Return to oven and 
cook until tender and delicately browned— 
about twenty-five minutes. 

Put plank on tray, garnish and serve. 

Mashed potato prepared as for potato puff 
or duchess potato may be arranged as a 
border around the fish on plank and browned 
quickly with the fish the last few minutes. 
BRAISED OX JOINTS. 

Select two ox tails of good diameter. Have 
butcher separate joints. Sear thoroughly in 
kettle. Cover with boiling water and cook 
slowly until tender — four or five hours. Salt 
when cooked one hour. The last forty min- 
utes add several whole young or sliced old 
carrots, a dozen dried onions and a cup or 
more of tomato juice. When tender thicken 
gTavy and serve, arranging carrots ana 
onions in a border around the Joints. 

CORN BREAD. 

1 cup corn meal. 
% cup white flour. 

2 teaspoons baking powder 
1 tablespoon sugar. 

1 teaspoon salt. 



% cup mux. 

x f> tablespoon vegetable oil. 
Bake in pie tin or muffin tins. Requires 
fifteen to twenty minutes in hot oven. 
All measurements level unless otherwise 

specified. 



24 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



CHIC AND COMFORTABLE FROCKS IN STYLES TO 

SUIT EVERY FIGURE 

Practical ^Service the Basis of Modes for the Woman Who Makes Her Own Clothes — Fur and 

Embroidery Among the Most Fashionable Trimmings. 
By MAUDE HALL 



In anticipation of the holiday season 
many smart new frocks are putting in an 
appearance. They are chic and comfort- 
able and there seems to be a style to suit 
every figure. Es- 
pecially is this true 
of one-piece mod- 
els upon which 
the smart design- 
ers seem to 
expend a surplus 
of time and en- 
ergy. 

They contrive to 
keep their pet 
model constantly 
in the limelight. 
In fact the one- 
piece frock is as 
constantly talked 
about as if its in- 
terests were in the 
hands of a preSs 
agent. Its variety 
is unending, how- 
ever, and as long 
as there is a new 
detail, it will re- 
ceive the consider- 
ation of chroni- 
clers of smart 
fashions. 

Very dark gray 
and black serges 
are being utilized 
for superchic 
dresses whose 
keynote is practi- 
cal service. One 
fetching model, 
narrow shouldered 
and narrow 
skirted, is held in 
at the waistline 
with a deep girdle 
o f self - material 
and trimmed about 
the skirt with a 
wide band of fur. 
There is a very 
high collar, also of 
fur, and the fast- 
ening is arranged 
straight down the 
front. Instead of 
fur gray or castor velvet finished cloth may 
be substituted for the trimming, as both 
tones harmonize well with gray and black. 

It is not a far cry from serge to satin, 
because the two materials have been so 
closely associated in the development of 



handsome frocks that it is hard to think 
of one without the other. There are 
lovely new satins in striped and figured 
patterns, though, which are asserting their 




GUIDE TO PATTERNS. 

Left to Right— 7523— Misses' Dress (Price of Pattern 20 cents). Four sizes, 14 to 20 
years. Embroidery No. 12377, blue or yellow transfer pattern, 15 cents. 7525 — Misses' 
Dress (Price of Pattern 20 cents). Four sizes, 14 to 20 years. 7535 — Misses' Dress (Price 
of Pattern 20 cents). Four sizes, 14 to 20 years. Braiding No. 12321, blue or yellow 
transfer pattern of border and motifs, 15 cents. 



Patterns for Bell News Designs 

The designs shown on this page 
are supplied by The Pictorial Review, 
New York. Patterns may be secured 
from any Pictorial Review agency. 



independence of other fabrics to a marked 
degree. A simple design with a tucked 
skirt is distinctively trimmed with a deep 
collar, rovers and sleeves of plain satin. 

Two deep tucks of 
equal width with 
the hem are the 
only decoration on 
the skirt, which is 
attached to the 
waist under a nar- 
row belt of plain 
satin. The waist 
is closed at the" 
left shoulder and 
underarm, while 
the sleeves are 
gathered at the 
wrists to form 
frills. 

Some excellent 
arrangements are 
noted in dresses 
that are laid in 
box plaits front 
and back and at- 
tached to deep 
shoulder yokes of 
self-mate ri a 1. 
Worthy of special 
mention is a check 
serge with collar 
of satin turning 
back from a 
square neck, while 
another model in 
black serge fast- 
ens close up to the 
throat, the plaits 
being grouped on 
either side of a 
long panel at the 
front. The sides 
are draped and 
fitted with pockets 
edged with fur to 
correspond with 
the collar. 

While much has 
been done to ex- 
ploit the grays 
and browns, the 
greens and the 
blacks, dark blue 
serge has suffered 
not one whit of its perennial popularity. 
When discreetly enlivened with touches of 
gay color it gains an air of positive novelty. 
The touch of color is as often expressed in 
braid as in embroidery and there are some 
wonderful decorative schemes in red and 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



25 



green, soft blue and purple, castor and 
Burgundy, etc., etc. Stitched on the collar, 
revers, cuffs and pocket the braid supplies 
all the ornamentation required for a dress 
for informal wear. Embroidery of a 
strongly contrasting sort is less in evi- 
dence than it has been for the past few 
seasons, and there is a tendency to keep 
to the color of the frock in adding hand- 
work to the latest designs. When off 
tones are employed they usually are lim- 
ited to gray, biege, maize or some neutral 
shade. 

One of the most successful of the new 
one-piece dresses combine figured and 
plain satin and is given a redingote effect, 
by attaching the sleeveless waist to a two- 
piece tunic that opens at the sides to dis- 
close an underskirt of plain satin. The 
waist fastens at the back and the sleeves 
of plain satin are set into the armholes of 
an underbody of lining material. The col- 
lar and belt are also of the plain satin. 

Gray satin trimmed with fur is stunning 
for afternoon wear. A model which might 
also serve for informal evening occasions 
has the skirt draped with a gathered tunic. 
At the bottom of the tunic is a deep band 
of wolf, which, of the finer sort, is a good 
substitute for fox and wears better. The 
simple waist, with back closing, is adorned 
with a deep collar and cuffs of the same 
fur. As in everything else, there is great 
variety in furs this season, and though, as 
always, the pelts we admire most are pro- 
hibitive in price, there are many good- 
looking varieties that do not cost so mucn. 
Skunk is a near second to fox, which is 
no doubt one of the most popular furs of 
the day. Beaver is often seen, while lynx 
takes the lead among the soft furs. Mink 
is decidedly in favor, probably because of 
its close resemblance to the very fashion- 
able Hudson Bay sable. 

Sprinkled among the myriad one-piece 
designs are little shirt waist dresses of 
excellent appearance. They consist of 
skirt and bodice, the former usually of 
serge and the latter of crepe de chine or 
satin. The skirts are designed for sepa- 
rate wear, too, and like all the new 
models are much narrower than those of 
last year. Straight skirts, giving a narrow 
silhouette and allowing comfortable width 
through some clever introduction of plaited 
sections or soft fullness are featured 
among the best of models for winter wear. 

Unusual Novelties for Clever 
Needleworkers 

By KATHRYN MUTTERER 

Specially prepared for the Bell Telephone News 
by the Pictorial Review. 

The embroideries shown here have the 
distinction of novelty. The centerpiece is 
not difficult to make, despite its amplitude 
of design, for the simplest of embroidery 
stitches are used in its development. The 
baskets are done principally in eyelet work, 
with raised satin stitch and stemming for 



the flowers, leaves and stems. The edges 
are scalloped and buttonholed. 

With good linens so scarce, the selec- 
tion of suitable materials for household 
linens is a problem. There are splendid 
imitations, but there are also many other 




No. 11582— Block Alphabet. 



substitutes unworthy of the time and work 
an elaborate design requires. Machine- 
woven linens are replacing the hand-woven 
materials to large extent. Sometimes even 
pure linen, if light and cheap, is not of 
good wearing quality, for it is made of 
short ends of flax which break easily. 
There is no place in the household where 
the spending of a little more money in the 
beginning will be more of an economy in 
the end than in the purchase of decorative 
linens. Real linen has a lustre of its own, 
and requires no dressing. The profes- 
sional linen-buyer recognizes the presence 
of cotton by the mere "feel" of the linen, 
for the pure fabric is elastic and resilient, 
while cotton is heavy and dead. 

The letters shown are designed for 
marking masculine attire or the more 
homely pieces of household linens, such as 
face cloths, towels, etc. The block pat- 




No. 11561 — Floral Centerpiece. 



tern is very effective and easy to make. 
The letters are one inch high and should 
be embroidered in raised satin stitch. 
Prices of Patterns 

Pictorial Review Embroidery No. 11582 — 
Transfer pattern contains the complete 
alphabet one inch high, 15 cents. 

Embroidery No. 11561 — Transfer pat- 
tern, 21% inches in diameter, 10 cents. 
Transfer pattern, 36 inches in diameter, 15 
cents. 

No. 11561 — Design, 21% inches in diam- 



eter, stamped on white art linen, 70 cents ; 
white embroidery cotton, 40 cents. De- 
sign, 36 inches in diameter, stamped on 
white art linen, $1.50; white embroidery 
cotton, 70 cents. 



Women Workers in Paris 

Telephone girls in Paris are rejoicing 
over a new kind of head band, to replace 
the old variety, which was the cause of 
many nervous troubles, and brought on a 
headache if left on for more than ten min- 
utes. The new style of head band is the 
invention of a French doctor, who is in the 
service. Having had occasion to use one 
of the old casques himself in the military 
radio-telegraphy of his unit, he was im- 
pressed with its many bad points, especially 
the way it pressed upon the temples. 

Taking patterns from the appliance that 
holds physicians' mirrors to their heads, 
he evolved the new one, which fastens in 
the back. Complaints made by the girls 
were dismissed without attention. But war 
brings unexpected developments, some of 
them redounding to the distinct advantage 
of the woman worker. 

There is a possibility that some of the 
conditions in industry, which are popu- 
larly supposed to be too hard for women 
to stand, are too hard for anybody to stand. 
The girls had borne patiently what the 
French doctor found unendurable. 

We shall soon be face to face with a 
lot of changing conditions in the labor 
world. In Washington there are several 
women mail carriers, while the girl eleva- 
tor operators are no longer a novelty any- 
where. We no longer read with a detached 
impersonal air of the activities of the 
French and English women*. The only 
curiosity we have now concerning them is 
merely that of how long it will be before 
we have them, too. 

The Paris postwoman has characteristic- 
ally changed the nature of the job. We 
hear of them starting out from central 
headquarters with gay bearing and smiling 
faces, amiably greeting the passersby. They 
wear long black coats, with the mail box 
slung across their shoulders. Their head- 
gear consists of waterproof hats. And be- 
ing true Parisians, they soften the uniform 
by a little lace at the throat. — Lora Kelly 
in the Cleveland Plain Dealer. 



Too Particular 

The girl who thinks more of her 
Georgette crepe waist than she does of her 
beau and refuses to permit it to get mussed 
will never march to the well-known tune 
of Mr. Mendelssohn. — Florida Times- 
Union. 



Amazed 

Weary Mike (at the telephone) : "Say, 
kin, I talk to Mr. McAfee?" 

Operator: "What is his number, 
please?" 

Weary Mike: "Wot! is he pinched? 
Again ?" — Lincoln Telephone News. 



26 



RELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 




Safety First and 



Accident Present 



ion 



MEMBER NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL 



MEMBER AMERICAN MUSEUM OF SAFETY 



WHEN STRIKING CHISELS AND STAR 
DRILLS DON'T TURN YOU HEAD AROUND, 
OR IT IS APT TO BE YOUR FINQER, AND 
NOT THE DRILL, YOU WILL POUND 



WHEN YOU ARE WALKING 'ROUND, 
DON'T CLOSE YOUR EYES AND 
DREAM. YOU MAY STEP UPON A 
NAIL OR RUN INTO A BEAM 



WHATEVER YOU ARE DOINQ, IF YOUR 
EYES ARE IN THEIR PLACE, YOU ARE 
MORE APT TO KEEP YOUR FINGERS 
AND THE BEAUTY OF YOUR FACE 



Accidents in the Home 

We have heard of "Safety First" for 
several years, but how many of us have 
ever thought about it in connection with 
our home life? Do you realize that it is 
possible to duplicate many of the acci- 
dents in connection with our work, espe- 
cially telephone work, in our home? At 
home we use ladders, have sharp knives, 
use nails and tacks and other sharp pointed 
objects, and in many cases tools; we have 
stairs and polished floors, and slipping and 
tripping accidents are not at all uncom- 
mon ; the use of electricity in the home 
is becoming more and more common, and 
we have some gears, for instance, the gears 
of an ice cream freezer, of a wringer, of 
a washing machine, etc. 

There is hardly one of us who does not 
recall accidents which have occurred in his 
own home, yet how many of us take any 
precaution to prevent them? 

As an indication of the percentage who 



may have done so, the experience of a fire 
protection engineer may be interesting. 
He was addressing an audience of about 
200 men at a safety dinner meeting on the 
subject of fire prevention, and spoke at 
considerable length on the methods which 
should be used to prevent and control fires 
in shops, factories and offices. In con- 
clusion he spoke of fire prevention in the 
home and asked those present who had a 
fire extinguisher at home to stand up. 
Only two men stood up. 

As the problem of preventing accidents 
in the heme is almost the same as in pre- 
venting accidents in our work, just what 
can we do? The first step is unquestion- 
ably a survey of the situation in our homes 
so that we may correct the dangerous con- 
ditions we may find, warn the members 
of the household, drill into them the spirit 
of accident prevention. Let us consider 
some of the possibilities. 

From time to time a considerable num- 



ber of injuries result from the breaking 
down of chairs and other articles of fur- 
niture, sometimes because of poor design, 
and sometimes because of misuse. The 
common practice of standing on rocking 
chairs or cane-seated chairs, and using them 
instead of ladders is particularly danger- 
ous. For the same reason, using packing 
boxes, barrels, and stools instead of lad- 
ders is dangerous. The fall may be only 
two or three feet, but especially in the 
case of elderly people whose bones are 
brittle and whose nervous condition is less 
able to stand the shock, the danger is 
great. When using a packing box or a 
barrel, you not only have the danger of a 
fall, but may injure yourself on project- 
ing nails which are left when sections are 
broken out. Almost every home has a 
stepladder, but they are usually "made to 
sell" and cannot be commended for 
strength or rigidity. Even expensive step 
ladders often do not have the proper 



Are You Doing Your Part for Safety ? 

This chart should make anyone realize the absolute necessity of employing all his time safely to the best ad vantage. 



Everything to 
Gain and Little 
to Lose 
Age 20 



WILD OATS 
Age of Reckless- 
ness 

Jumps on or off 
Moving Trains or 
Engines 

Does not Watch His 
Step 

Will not Wear 
Goggles. 

Ignores Safety 
Bulletins. 

Knows More Than 
His Boss. 

Spends More Than 
He Earns. 

Takes Just One 
Glass. 

Is Not His Broth- 
er's Keeper. 

Takes Chances — 
And Loses. 



This Space Represents Man's Greatest Earning Period. 

or Failure is Settled Here 



Concludes 
He D o e s n ' 
Know as 
Much as 
He Thought 
He Did. 
Considers 
Boss 
Man of 

Good 
Judgment. 



NOW OR NEVER 



Either Success 



Realizes 
that Life 
is a Reality 

Considers 
His Boss a 
Man of 
Master 
Mind. 
Grasps the 
Safety Idea. 



Fully 
Realizes 
His Respon- 
sibility to 

Himself, 
His Family 
and Fellow- 
Worker and 
Acquires 
Safety 
Habit 



Having 
Acquired 
the Safety 
Habit Him- 
self He 
Seeks to 
Interest 
Others. 



Everything to Lose 
and Little to 
Gain 




This is the Age of 

CAUTION 



Only 
One in 
5000 Can Get 
the Safety Habit 
Here. 



Only a Small 
Number Arrive 
Here and 95 Per 
Cent o'f Men are 
Dependent Upon 
Their Daily Earn- 
ings or Upon Their 
Children for Sup- 
port. 



Age 60 



Out of one hundred average healthy men at twenty-five years of age, statistics prove that at sixty-five years, thirty-six will be dead — one will be rich 
- four wealthy— five still supporting themselves by work, while fifty-four of the one hundred will be depending upon friends, relatives or charity. 

Promote saftty and safety will promote you The safe man is always the efficient man and the efficient safe_m in will be rich or wealthy when he is sixty- 
five— Courtesy Duluth & Iron Range R. R. Co 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



27 



spreaders to prevent them from folding 
up. It should be unnecessary to do so, but 
nevertheless, it may be well to note that 
the small folding shelf provided with most 
stepladders is not strong enough to bear 
a person's weight; this shelf is, of course, 
intended for buckets and packages. In 
using ladders most of us attempt to carry 
something in one hand and use the other 
to hold on to the ladder. This is unsafe, 
as we need both hands to climb the ladder. 

There is probably not a person living 
who has not received cuts from knives, as 
the average home contains a number of 
them. Such tools should be kept in a safe 
place with sharp edges down, out of the 
reach of children, or in a separate holder. 
At any rate, they should be so placed that 
a person will not come in contact with 
the sharp edges. Other tools, such as 
hammers, hatchets and axes, are chiefly 
dangerous because of the possible flying off 
of the head. Care should be taken to see 
that the head is securely fastened onto 
the handle. Geared articles such as wring- 
ers, washing machines and ice cream freez- 
ers have in the past caused very serious 
and very painful injuries, on account of 
the fingers being caught in the cogs. Care 
should be taken to prevent the fingers 
from getting into them while the machines 
are in operation. 

Since carpets have gone out of style, 
rugs and polished floors have caused many 
accidents. Rugs have a habit of slipping 
on the polished floors and about the only 
preventative is to use large rugs and fasten 
them to the floors. Small rugs at the top 
or bottom of stairs are particularly ob- 
jectionable. On a dry floor rubber heels 
are a real factor in preventing accidents. 

How frequently burns and scalds are 
received, it would be hard to say, but judg- 
ing from the record in the coroner's office, 
they are very frequent. In some neighbor- 
hoods especially, children are burned and 
scalded most horribly, and always because 
even reasonable care was not taken by 
older people. Obviously, it is dangerous 
to have a boiling liquid on a stove to which 
a child may have access. The child is 
likely to pull over the vessel and be dan- 
gerously scalded. Infants have been 
scalded because women sometimes think 
it is necessary to carry a child and a ket- 
tle of boiling water upstairs at the same 
time. 

It is very commonly known that chil- 
dren should not be allowed to play with 
matches, and where children may get hold 
of stray matches, the kind that can only be 
lighted when struck on the box, is the best 
kind. The "strike anywhere" kind is much 
more popular, but they are by no means 
as safe where there are children in the 
family. Open grate fires, hot stoves and 
bonfires are distinctly dangerous if they 
are not properly guarded. Many severe 
burns have been received from them, and 
scores of children are burned to death 
annually through coming in contact with 
such fires. 



Almost every home medicine cabinet 
contains medicines which are harmless 
when taken in accordance with a doctor's 
directions. However, they should be 
plainly labeled and care must be taken to 
see that the children cannot get at the 
medicine. Also, all bottles or packages 
containing poison should be plainly labeled 
and, if possible, should be of such a dis- 
tinctive shape that no one can mistake 
them. 

Last but not least of the accidents which 
may occur at home are those which result 
from practical jokes. Practical jokes 
have a place at home no more than they 
have at work. The shock resulting from 
a practical joke may seriously injure or 
kill the victim. 

A few of the specific things which 
should be brought up in discussing the 
matter with the folks at home are the 
following : 

Don't let the children play with matches. 

Don't throw away lighted matches, cigars 
or cigarettes. 

Don't go into dark closets, rooms or cel- 
lars using matches or candles to light 
your way. 

Don't use kerosene, benzine or naphtha in 

lighting fire or to quicken a slow fire — 

it may result in death. 
Don't use gasoline or benzine to clean 

clothing near an open flame, light or 

fire. 

Don't fill any lamp when it is lighted. 
Keep the burners of all oil lamps thor- 
oughly clean. 

Don't have lace curtains near gas jets. 

Don't be careless in using gas stoves, es- 
pecially in lighting the oven. If the 
meat or grease takes fire, shut off the 
gas and throw Salt, Not Water, on the 
flames. 

Don't look for a gas leak with a match 
or lighted candle — you might suddenly 
find it — to your sorrow. 

Don't leave doors of coal stoves open un- 
less there' is a wire screen to catch the 
live coals that drop out. 

Don't throw water on a kerosene lamp 
that has upset and taken fire. It spreads 
the fire. Smother the fire quickly with 
a blanket or rug. 

Don't let rubbish, paper or oil-soaked 
rags accumulate — many fires start in 
piles of this kind. 

Don't put hot ashes in wooden boxes or 
barrels. Keep ashes from boards. 



Accident Prevention Trophy 

The standings of the various districts in 
the three divisions of the Chicago plant 
department which are contesting for the 
accident prevention trophy are as follows : 
Suburban Plant 

1. Elgin. 7. Hammond. 

2. LaGrange. 8. Joliet. 

3. Wheaton. 9. Oak Park. 

4. Evanston. 10. Waukegan. 

5. Harvey. 11. Special Estimate. 

6. Aurora. 

Construction 

1. Shops. 6. Building Cabling. 

2. South Construe- 7. Central Construc- 

tion, tion. 

3. Supplies. 8. North Construc- 

4. Garage. tion. 

5. Cable Repair. 

Maintenance 

1. Canal. 15. Lake View. 

2. Beverly. 16. Kedzie. 

3. Main. 17. Pullman. 

4. Central. 18. Lincoln. 

5. Wabash. 19. Stewart. 

6. Austin. 20. Douglas. 

7. Monroe. 21. Irving. 

8. Hyde Park. 22. Superior. 

9. Oakland. 23. Prospect. 

10. Edgewater. 24. Humboldt. 

11. South Chicago. 25. Wentworth. 

12. Rogers Park. 26. Yards. 

13. West. 27. Lawndale. 

14. Calumet. 28. Belmont. 

The heads of the districts holding first 
place in each division are J. H. Conrath, 
district manager of Elgin ; L. V. Newton, 
supervisor of shops and garage, and A. 
Cerney, wire chief Canal exchange. 



There Was a Man 

There was a man who fancied that by 

driving good and fast 
He'd get his car across the track before 

the train came past; 
He'd miss the engine by an inch, and 

make the train hands sore. 
There was a man who fancied this; there 

isn't any more. 

— Railway Conductor. 



Would You Have Prevented These 
Accidents ? 

"Accident Prevention" is in many places 
gradually supplanting the term "Safety 
First," for the reason that the latter has 
so often been misconstrued. In their orig- 
inal meaning, they are synonymous. Nei- 
ther stands for a selfish man's creed, but 
for the greatest good for the greatest num- 
ber. 

The happiness of the family depends 
upon the safety of the bread winner, and 
the welfare of society and the maintenance 
of prosperous business conditions depend 
to a very large extent upon the happiness 
of the family. Thus in industrial units, 
the welfare of the employes and the effi- 
ciency of operation reach the highest de- 
gree when accidents are at their lowest. 

We must each of us come to a realiza- 
tion of the part we play in promoting the 
happiness and well-being of our families, 
the advancement of society and the main- 
tenance of the business in which we are 
engaged. Individually and collectively we 
can prevent most of the accidents that oc- 
cur. By learning from the experience of 
others, we will be guided and advised in 
regard to our own course. 

"Would you have prevented these acci- 



28 



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PHILADELPHIA. 






Note Protection at Corners 

Blake Insulated Staples 

Unequalled for telephone and 
bell wiring. The fibre insulation 
prevents troublesome short cir- 
cuits and grounds. 4 Sizes. Pat. 
Nov. 1900. Write for samples. 

Blake Signal & Mfg. Co. 
Boston, Mass. 



WABASH 640 

will put you in touch with 
personal and experienced insur- 
ance service for getting most 
reasonable rates and broadest 
protection for your property, 
household goods, automobile, 
baggage and jewelry against fir© 
and theft. 

Get our advice — our firm is 
manager of the insurance de- 
partment of the A. T. & T. Co. 

MARSH & MCLENNAN 

INSURANCE IN ALL ITS BRANCHES 

INSURANCE EXCHANGE 
CHICAGO 




A 

HAND 
PORTABLE 
WHICH IS SHOCK-PROOF 



It is impossible to have short circuits, tn blow 
fuses, or injure men or apparatus with a 

BENJAMIN FIBRE HAND PORTABLE 

installed as an indispensable part of telephone 
equipment. All electrical dealers have them. 

BENJAMIN ELECTRIC MFG. CO. 

New York CHICAGO San Francisco 

130-28 S. Sangamon St. 



dents?" is the question which properly 
answered indicates the degree of your 
knowledge of your own work and of your 
duty to your family, to society and to the 
industry in which you are engaged. 

A temporary electrolysis helper, while 
working at Racine, Wis., was burned as 
the result of an explosion which occurred 
in the manhole where he was working. 
Gas was ignited either by a cigarette 
which he was smoking or by a lighted 
match, which, it is believed, he threw into 
the manhole. 

A chauffeur at Milwaukee was assisting 
a lineman in dismantling a pole. When 
the lineman dropped one of the glass in- 
sulators to him, he failed to catch it, and 
when the insulator struck the ground, a 



piece of it flew up 
and struck him be- 
low the right eye. 

A matron, while 
operating the bread 
cutter (not using 
the guide) cut her 
thumb when her left 
hand slipped from 
the loaf of bread. 

A cable splicer 
who was removing 
the cover from a 
manhole caught his 
finger between the 
crowbar and the 
curbstone. 
An employe seized 
a towel from a pile of clean ones which a 
janitor was placing in a cabinet. The towels 
were jerked from the janitor's hands, and 
the rope which bound them together caught 
and sprained his finger. 

An operator was adjusting her set while- 
walking downstairs. She dropped the plug, 
slipped and fell the rest of the way down. 

A foreman walking on rubble stone, 
stepped on one end of a block. It tipped 
and caused him to fall head first, 
wrenching his arm. 

An installer hurrying out of a room 
struck his knee against a box standing on 
the floor. 

A clerk while dusting his coat, jabbed 
his thumb with a pencil which was stick- 
ing out of his pocket, point up. 



• An operator was running downstairs, 
when she slipped and fell. 

A cable splicer attempted to start a gas- 
oline engine attached to a pump by pulling 
the flywheel with his hands. (The crank 
was broken.) His finger was caught be- 
tween the flywheel and the guard, causing 
a severe injury. 

A building cabling man was walking 
through a building which was being 
wrecked — in, semi-darkness— when, he 
stepped on a nail projecting up from a 
board lying on the floor. 

An operator was taking down a cord, 
when it struck her in the left eye. 

An electrolysis inspector's helper re- 
moved a 400-ampere fuse and placed it on 
top of the fuse box on a joint pole. 
While the inspector was taking a reading, 
the fuse rolled off and struck him on the 
head. 



Watch Your Step on Borrowed 
Ladders 

Telephone men have comparatively few 
ladder accidents. This fact must be large- 
ly due to the care exercised by the force 
in general. The occasional ladder acci- 
dents reported, however, are almost always 
due to insufficient care. The borrowed 
ladder is the chief offender. Even when 
new — often being constructed of too light 
material and poorly put together — it is a 
weak structure and should be used only 
with the greatest caution. 



ESELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



29 



Public 

Telephone Company May Demand Pay- 
ment in Advance and May Discon- 
tinue Service for Refusal to 
Make Such Payment 

Rensselaer County Court. 

The New York Telephone Company dis- 
continued telephone service to and re- 
moved its telephone from the residence of 
Evanetta Hare in Troy, N. Y., on the 
ground that she had failed to pay certain 
rental charges and tolls which were due. 
Miss Hare demanded that the service be 
restored, but refused to sign a new con- 
tract, claiming that she had not broken 
her existing contract and that she wanted 
no other. The contract under which serv- 
ive had been rendered provided that the 
subscriber should pay for the service "in 
equal installments monthly in advance, and 
pro rata for any fractional period" for a 
term beginning with the establishment of 
service and ending one year from the first 
day of the following month "and thereafter 
until termination by ten days' notice in 
writing by either party to the other." 

Miss Hare sued the telephone company 
for damages and judgment in her favor 
was entered in the city court of Troy for 
$150 with costs, whereupon the telephone 
company appealed to the county court of 
Rensselaer county. 

The county court reversed the judgment, 
holding that the proper construction of the 
contract aforesaid with respect to the 
period of time in which the rates specified 
were payable in equal installments month- 
ly in advance was embraced within the 
words "for the term beginning with the 
establishment of service and ending one 
year from the first day of the following 
month and thereafter until terminated by 
ten days' notice in writing by either party 
to the other." 

The court held further that the exaction 
of payments in advance was only a reason- 
able exercise of the power vested in the 
telephone company. That as held by the 
United States Supreme court in Danaher 
against Southern Telephone and Telegraph 
Company a system of exacting payment in 
advance was "strongly supported in rea- 
son for not only are telephone rates fixed 
and regulated in the expectation that they 
will be paid, but the company's ability 
properly to serve the public largely depends 
upon their prompt payment. They usually 
are only a few dollars per month and the 
expense incident to collecting them by legal 
process would be almost prohibitive. It 
uniformly is held that a regulation requir- 
ing payment in advance or a fair deposit 
to secure payment is reasonable. . . ." 

The court held further that, even if it 
were assumed that plaintiff's contract was 
in force only for one year, nevertheless if 
there were no cessation of service at the 
end of the year the parties continued un- 
der an implied contract the terms of which 



Utilities Commission 



were based upon and understood by the 
parties to be the same as those of the 
written contract. That, therefore, since 
the relations of both parties continued in 
all respects exactly as if the first year had 
not expired, the continuance of service and 
the use of the service were merely an en- 
largement of the term. 

Use, Not Location, of Telephone De- 
termines Classification 

Public Service Commission of Montana. 

Complainant, C. C. Roby, sought an or- 
der directing the Fife-Wayne Farmers' 
T lephone Company to reconnect complain- 
ant's telephone with defendant's system. 

Defendant was operating a local system 
in the vicinity of Fife and Wayne and its 
lines were connected with the Mountain 
States exchange at Great Falls, which 
charged fifty cents per month for switching 
residence or farm telephones and $1.50 per 
month for switching business telephones. 
Complainant, whose telephone had former- 
ly been in his lumber yard, but which had 
been removed to his residence about forty 
feet away, refused to pay the business 
rate, although he used the telephone located 
in his residence in connection with his 
lumber business. 

It was held, that the use of the telephone, 
not its location, must decide its classifica- 
tion, and as complainant was engaged in 
the retail lumber business, was so listed in 
the telephone book, and used the telephone 
considerably in the transaction of his busi- 
ness, his telephone was properly classified 
as a business telephone; 

That upon complainant paying the regu- 
lar rate of business telephone, defendant 
should reconnect his telephone with its 
lines. 

Invasion of Occupied Territory and 
Duplication of Facilities Con- 
demned — Removal of Lines 
of Invading Com- 
pany Ordered 
Illinois State Public Utilities Commission. 

Complainant, the Northern Illinois Tele- 
phone Company, alleged that the Inter- 
Township Telephone Company had in- 
vaded its territory by extending farm lines 
therein without having received a certifi- 
cate of public convenience and necessity 
from the commission, and had paralleled 
its farm lines to a considerable extent. 
Respondent contended that the construc- 
tion of the farm lines in question into 
complainant's territory and parallel to 
complainant's lines did not constitute the 
construction of new plant within the mean- 
ing of the statute, but was merely the con- 
struction of extensions and additions to 
its present plant, and that, therefore, the 
consent of the commission was not a pre- 
requisite. 

It was held, that respondent was not 
justified in duplicating the telephone lines 



Rulings 

and equipment of the complainant and in 
taking away some of the subscribers of the 
latter without first securing a certificate of 
public convenience and necessity from the 
commission; 

That respondent should within sixty days 
remove or otherwise dispose of all its 
poles, wires, telephones and other tele- 
phone equipment and property with which 
it had invaded the territory of the com- 
plainant. 

If Telephone Service Is Abused It May 
Be Permanently Discontinued 

t-ublic Service Commission of New York. 

Mrs. Morse M. Frankel complained to 
the Public Service Commission, Second 
District, New York, that the New York 
Telephone Company refused to install a 
telephone in her house in Spring Valley, 
N. Y. It appeared that the reason for this 
refusal was the fact that complainant's 
husband had on several occasions grossly 
abused his privileges as a telephone user, 
and that the telephone company feared 
that if the desired service were given to 
Mrs. Frankel it was almost certain that 
her husband would again misconduct him- 
self when using her telephone, to the detri- 
ment of the service generally and the in- 
jury of the company's employes. 

Mrs. Frankel stipulated that if after the 
installation of the telephone in her house 
her husband should make any improper 
use of it whatsoever, the service might be 
forthwith discontinued. The commission, 
therefore, directed the company to install 
the service under the distinct understand- 
ing that if Mrs. Frankel's husband at any 
time conducted himself improperly in the 
use of the instrument, or indulged in any 
improper practices in connection with its 
use, the instrument might be forthwith re- 
moved and service to Mrs. Frankel perma- 
nently discontinued. 

Patron Uses Subterfuge to Avoid Pay- 
ment of Old Bill 

Nebraska State Railway Commission. 
The Crownover Telephone Company 
against which a complaint was lodged with 
the commission by Miss Cecil B. Sutton, a 
school teacher, who said service was re- 
fused unless she paid a bill of $12 owing 
by her father, who had left the family 
home, has filed its answer. It says that 
Miss Sutton lives with her mother, a dress- 
maker, at Sargent; that the service which 
the $12 unpaid bill represents was fur- 
nished the wife after the company had 
refused to let the husband have further 
service, and that she guaranteed and paid 
part of it. 

It was held, that if this is true, the ap- 
plication of the daughter, who lives with 
her mother, is a subterfuge, and service 
need not be rendered. 



30 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 




In Peace or 

War Thrift is 
Patriotism.. 

3% Interest Paid in 
Our Savings Department 

The Northern 
Trust Co...Bank 

N.WCOR.LASALLE GMONROE STS.£HICAGO 
CAPITAL |2,000,000 SURPLUS f 2,000,000 




If you are not using 

Bierce Anchors 

we claim that you 
are not getting maxi- 
mum efficiency from 
the money expended 
for guying. 

May we have the 
opportunity of con- 
p...A Ug . i9. 1913 vincing you? 

Best by test. 

Increased efficiency of guying. 
Easily installed. 
Results uniformly gratifying. 
Cost very low. 
Exceptional holding power. 

MANUFACTURED BY 

The Specialty Device Company 

Cincinnati, Ohio 



WHITE 





TRUCK 



Specially Designed For All 
Phases of Telephone Work 

SINCE 1911 White engineers have co-operated 
with telephone companies in designing 
trucks to meet the demands of routine service 
as well as many kinds of highly specialized work. 
This co-operation has resulted in a great saving 
of time, labor and money. 

This is one reason why White Trucks best 
meet the requirements of the telephone com- 
panies and why they continue to buy them in 
large fleets, year after year. 

The following are some of the duties White 
Trucks perform: 

Repair and construction work in cities and 
suburban districts. 

Delivering materials, tools and supplies. 
Carrying workmen to outlying districts. 
Pulling aerial and underground cable. 
Loading and unloading cable reels and other 
materials. 

Pumping out flooded conduits. 
Transporting, setting and righting telephone 
poles. 

Quickly clearing up wreckage and other 
obstructions. 

Shoring up weakened buildings. 

Producing light for night work. 

Making inspections and collecting money 
from pay-stations. 

THE WHITE COMPANY 

CLEVELAND 



NOTICE TO READER: * h,n ' ou finish raading this magazlna placa a ana-cant stamp on this notlca, hand itrnc to any postal •irplo). and It will b« 
placad in tha hand* of our coldisrs and sailor* at tha front. No wrapping;— no addrais.— A, S. BorUion, fosf ma*'«r-G«n«raf 



BELL TELEPHONE NEWS 




Volume 7 Me 5 



New Year's Greeting 



Conscious of her rectitude; 

Sanguine as to the verdict of this and succeeding- gen- 
erations upon her uprightness and her conformity to the 
rules of moral conduct, measured either by human or 
divine laws; 

Proud of the courage, loyalty, and devotion of her 
glorious young manhood and womanhood; and 

Serene as to her power to achieve a righteous and de- 
cisive victory over frightfulness and terrorism; 

America hails the coming of the New Year, confident 
and unafraid. 



BELL' TELEPHONE* NEAKS 

ONE POLICY UNIVERSAL SERVICE ONE SYSTEM 



Volume 7 CHICAGO, ILL., JANUARY, 1918 Number 6 



The Month in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois 

News Notes and Personal Items of Interest 



Ohio Division 

D. H. Morris, Correspondent, 
Columbus 

Akron District 

Miss Audra Gladwell, local operator, has 
been promoted to local supervisor. 

Miss Isca Waples, local operator, has 
been transferred to the toll operating room. 

Miss Mary Rosenbaum, local operator, 
has resigned to accept a P. B. X. position 
with the Quaker Oats Company. 

Miss Mabel Schofield, local operator, has 
resigned to accept a position with the Penn- 
sylvania Company. 

Miss Dorothy Phillips, local chief oper- 
ator, visited friends in East Liverpool, O., 
over Thanksgiving. 

Miss Viola Grabel, monitor, recently 
spent a week in Belvidere, 111. Her fiance, 
who will fight for the United States in 
France, lives in Belvidere. 

Mrs. Hazel Lacey, toll clerk, has resigned. 
Miss Sadie Burns succeeds her. 

Miss Mabel Smail, local operator, was 
married in Cleveland on November 21st to 
Fred Troutman. 

Miss Lillian Hair, clerk at the Down 
Town office, Youngstown. who has been ill, 
is now convalescent. 

Miss Adeline Kulow, formerly of the 
manager's office, Youngstown, has resigned 
to accept a position with the Youngstown 
Sheet and Tube Company. Miss Olga Bro- 
berg succeeds her. 

L. P. Xardini and Joseph Boggins, com- 
mercial agents at Youngstown, are now 
engaged on special work in Columbus. 

Miss Edith Xoble, local operator, has re- 
signed to accept a position as P. B. X. op- 
erator with the Central Savings and Trust 
Company. 

Mrs. Helen Faine, local supervisor, has 
been promoted to instructor. 

Miss Mary Johnston, local operator, has 
returned after a month's leave of absence. 

Misses Audra Gladwell and Marie Xagle, 
local operators, have been promoted to 
I local supervisors. 

Miss Oora Loose, repair clerk, has re- 
i signed to accept a position with the Akron 



Press. She has been succeeded by Miss 
Gladys Fox. 

Mrs. Edna Hatfield, local supervisor, has 
resigned and gone to Wilmington, Del. 

Miss Lucile Holland, toll operator, was 
married to E. Carpenter on December 14th 
at Washington, D. C. 

Miss Caroline Stockton has been trans- 
ferred from the traffic department at Can- 
ton to a clerical position in the commercial 
manager's office. 

The commercial offices at the Canton ex- 
change building were vacated about De- 
cember loth, new quarters having been 
secured at 310 Tuscarawas avenue W. The 
old offices will be used as locker and rest 
rooms for the traffic department. The space 
formerly used as locker and rest rooms will 
be utilized for additional sections of switch- 
board, made necessary by the growth at 
Canton. 

Miss Ada Hassler has taken a position as 
clerk in the plant chief's office at Canton, 
succeeding Miss Lucille Johnson, resigned. 

Miss Anna Xichols has been appointed 
evening chief operator at Canton, taking 
the place of Miss Anna Givler, who has 
taken up church work. 

Miss Agnes Kolp, chief operator at Xew 
Berlin, who has been on leave of absence, 
has returned to duty. 

Miss Helen Simmer, toll instructor, has 
completed the instruction of a class of in- 
ward toll operators, for the inward posi- 
tions now being equipped. 



Columbus District 

A large service Hag containing sixty- 
seven stars has been placed on the general 
office building in Columbus in honor of the 
boys of the Ohio division who are in the 
service. Several more stars will be added 
as soon as the official notifications are re- 
ceived by the division office. A roll of 
honor is also being prepared and will be 
mounted on the wall of the lobby of the 
building. 

District Plant Chief Charles Temple has 
returned from a hunting trip in southern 
Ohio. He reports bagging a few rabbits 
and some o'possums. The dry weather has 
made the rabbits very scarce. 

A very important canvass of the sub- 
scribers of the Columbus exchange is being 
made by the Flying Squadron under "Cap" 



Lime. The rates for residence service have 
been increased and went into effect on 
January 1st. The canvass is proceeding 
with gratifying success. 

Very gratifying reports of improved 
health have been received from William 
Loving who for several months has been 
sojourning among the cacti and Indians of 
New Mexico. 

District Manager J. T. Daniels and Divis- 
ion Commercial Agent D. H. Morris ac- 
companied the Columbus Rotary Club 
recently on a visit to Camp Sherman at 
Chillicothe. The club travelled by special 
train and spent the afternoon inspecting the 
camp and visiting the boys from Columbus. 
In the evening a banquet was held at which 
Major General Glenn and his staff were 
guests, and the new Chillicothe Rotary Club 
was formally installed. Mr. Daniels, who 
is past president of the Columbus Rotary 
Club, made an excellent address, setting 
forth the principles and ideals of Rotary. 

A good story is told concerning one of 
the canvassers engaged in the present Co- 
lumbus canvass. He encountered, one 
woman who refused to sign, saying she 
wanted to think it over. The canvasser re- 
plied "That's all right, lady. I am not very 
busy and have plenty of time. You think 
it over while I write out the contract." 

Instead of exchanging Christmas pres- 
ents among themselves this year, the girls 
of the traffic department at Mansfield de- 
cided to join the Red Cross and put their 
money in that organization. 



Dayton District 

Miss Irene Bailey, operator at the Dayton 
Main office, recently underwent an opera- 
tion for appendicitis. 

The girls of the traffic department at 
Dayton subscribed $1050 to the Second 
Liberty Loan. 

Miss Opal Martz, toll operator at Dayton, 
was married to Russell Shannon of Le- 
banon, Ohio, on April 28th. The marriage 
was kept secret until Miss Martz announced 
her resignation effective December 1st. 

Miss Anna Malone, operator at the Day- 
ton East exchange, has been transferred to 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Miss Hazel Moore, toll clerk at Dayton, 

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2 



5ELLTELEPHONE*NEWJ 



has returned to work after an illness of 
three weeks. 

Miss Margaret Madigan, toll operator at 
Dayton, has been promoted to assistant toll 
clerk. 

Among the busy knitters at the Dayton 
exchange who arc making sweaters and 
scarfs for the Red Cross are Misses Dora 
McGowan, Lottie Turney, Helen Ralls, 
Louise Beust, Camille Poffenberger, Char- 
lotte Seitz, Helen Heckman, Hazel Moore, 
Clara Hoskinson, Gertrude Duffy, Margarei 
Madigan, Margaret Brush, Mildred Furay 
and Janet Thompson. 



Toledo District 

Misses Edyth Ames, Lynette Manchester, 
Beatrice Brewer and Nellie Charles have 
accepted positions as toll operators at 
Findlay. 

Misses Edna Hame, Leoma Edie and 
Alma Cessna have accepted positions as 
local operators at Findlay. 

On Thursday evening, December 6th, the 
employes of the traffic department, Findlay, 
gave a dance for the benefit of the Red 
Cross fund. About $20 was cleared and 
all present reported a pleasant evening. 

On the evening of November 14th the 
employes of the commercial and traffic de- 
partments at Fostoria gathered at the home 
of Misses Francis and Loretta Toeppe for 
a farewell reception in honor of Miss Flor- 
ence Powers, traffic chief, who has been 
transferred to Youngstown as chief opera- 
tor. Music and games were diversions of 
the evening and a lunch was served. Miss 
Powers was presented with a beautiful 
wrist watch. Miss May Connole of Colum- 
bus, who succeeds Miss Powers, was cor- 
dially welcomed. 

Miss Mabel Powers has returned to Nor- 
walk after spending four weeks in Fostoria 
as toll instructor. 

Miss Muriel Jackson, toll operator at 
Fremont, has resigned and was married to 
Laurel Worman of Sandusky on Novem- 
ber 7th. 



Marriage Claims Miss Nelle 
Taylor 

Miss Nelle Taylor, former toll chief 
operator at Columbus, was married to 
George Kuthe of Arlington, Ariz., on De- 
cember 8th. 

The company loses a valued employe as 
Mrs. Kuthe had twenty-five years of con- 
tinuous service to her credit. She entered 
the service on May 1, 1892, at Columbus 
and on April 1, 1908, was appointed toll 
chief operator. In January, 1917, she went 
to New York City and completed the toll 
instructors course under the direction of 
the American Telephone and Telegraph 
Company. She then took charge of the 
toll operators training department at Co- 
lumbus. 

On the evening of December 7th about 
100 friends, including present and former 
employes, gathered in the rest room to bid 
farewell to Mrs. Kuthe, whose future home 
— U 



will be in Arlington, .Ariz. There was a 
shower of many useful and valuable pres- 
ents and before refreshments had been 
served, many tear-dimmed eyes could be 
found, cheerfully unhappy over memories 
of the past and the prospective loss of an 
old friend to Arizona. 

Mr. Kuthe, who is foreman of a 900- 



1 




MRS. GEORGE KUTHE. 

acre ranch near Phoenix, Ariz., required 
all of his western courage to withstand the 
feminine displeasure incurred by taking 
his bride from Columbus. 

Before her departure Mrs. Kuthe re- 
ceived the following letters from officials 
of the company : 

"Columbus, O., December 6, 1917. 
"My dear Miss Taylor: 

"I know that it will be a severe test for 
you to break the ties and associations 
which you are bound to have made in your 
twenty-five years of service with the tele- 
phone company in Columbus. I know also 
that the many employes, not only of the 
traffic department but of all departments in 
the company who have come to know you 
in your many years of rervice, will regret 
that you are going so far away. 

"You came to the telephone company 
when the art of operating was crude, when 
the equipment was inferior, and you have 
seen and lived with the many wonderful 
improvements and changes that have been 
made. In your long and faithful service 
you have given the telephone company the 
best years of your past life. I consider it 
a great pleasure and an unusual privilege 
to address this letter to you and extend to 
you the company's deepest thanks for the 
long, uninterrupted and excellent work 



which you have done. Although a consid- 
erable distance will separate you from Co- 
lumbus, your splendid character, industry 
and example will be left behind as an 
accomplishment which will be the envy of 
all your former associates 

"My best personal wishes and those of 
the company go with you to your far west- 
ern home in which place I sincerely trust 
that you will live a long and happy life, 
and, even though your mind will be occu- 
pied with other things, I hope that you will 
find occasion to look back with cherished 
memories over your long and faithful serv- 
ice with the telephone company. 
"Very sincerely yours, 

(Signed) R. Eide, 
Traffic Superintendent." 

"Columbus, O., December 6, 1917. 
"Dear Miss Taylor : 

"In behalf of the company, I desire to 
express my appreciation tor your loyal and 
faithful services given to this company 
since May 1, 1892. 

"The Bell Telephone System has, and al- 
ways will, commemorate the services of 
those employes who, since the early days 
of pioneer telephone service, have worked 
faitli fully to make the system what it is to- 
day. Those of us who have entered the 
service within recent years can fully ap- 
preciate the early struggles made by the 
pioneer employes to establish satisfactory 
telephone service. I am sure that you have 
just cause to feel proud of your connec- 
tion with the telephone work in the city 
of Columbus. Not only do I feel that the 
company is indebted to you for your serv- 
ice, but I feel that the public also shares 
this indebtedness. 

"During the years covering your regime 
as toll chief operator at Columbus, I am 
also certain that there are many girls who 
have been bettered by your personal influ- 
ence upon them. Many of these girls have, 
of course, left the service to take up the 
same environment that you are assuming; 
others have been called from this life at 
the Master's report of WH; still others 
comprise the backbone of the present army 
of Bell employes. All of those girls have 
enjoyed your confidence and helpful influ- 
ence. Should you cease to carry on any 
future uplifting activities, I feel that there 
are many creditable monuments to your 
courage and perseverance that should en- 
title you to the crown of good fellowship. 

"It is frequently necessary for a com- 
pany to part with its valuable employes for 
fate is constantly weaving a net of circum- 
stance. However, there is satisfaction in 
knowing that what is our loss, will un- 
doubtedly be someone else's gain, the some- 
one else in this case being your future 
husband. 

"The officials of this company are mu- 
tual in their earnest wish for your future 
happiness. 

"Yours very truly, 

(Signed) O. H. Kirkland, 
District Traffic Chief." 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



3 



Organization Changes 
Traffic Department 

The following organization changes in 
the traffic department of the Ohio division 
were effective on November loth : 

Miss Florence Powers, traffic chief at 
Fostoria, transferred to Youngstown as 
chief operator of the Youngstown ex- 
change. 

Miss Mae Connole of the service observ- 
ing department at Columbus transferred to 
Fostoria as traffic chief of the Fostoria ex- 
change. 

Ralph Arehart, assistant district traffic 
chief, Toledo district, transferred to 
Youngstown temporarily as traffic chief of 
the Youngstown exchange. 

J. A. Curl, traffic chief of the Youngs- 
town exchange, transferred to the traffic 
superintendent's office at Columbus. 

Miss Mabel Tracy, chief operator of the 
Youngstown exchange, resigned to accept 
a position with the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company at Youngstown 

Commercial Department 

The following organization changes are 
announced in the commercial department: 

M. J. Tehan, chief clerk in the com- 
mercial department at Springfield, resigned 
to accept a position as secretary and auditor 
with The Home Store at Springfield. 

W. C. Griffith, commercial agent at Co- 
lumbus, appointed chief clerk at Springfield. 



Letter from Sergeant Kirby 

A letter was recently received from J. H. 
Kirby, formerly of the commercial depart- 
ment and Ohio correspondent for the 
News. Mr. Kirby is now a sergeant in 
the ordnance department of the Ohio Na- 
tional Guard at Camp Sheridan, Montgom- 
ery', Ala. 

The letter follows : 

"Montgomery, Ala., November 17, 1917. 
"Mr. C. S. Maltby, 

Columbus, Ohio. 
"My dear Mr. Maltby: 

"Things are more pleasant since our 
quarters are in better shape and we have 
become used to the life. I am eating three 
large meals a day and feel like a prize 
fighter. 

"The present dope is that we will be sent 
to arsenals over the country for three 
months' training. At present they are 
shooting infantry" drill, setting up exercises, 
wigwag and semaphore at us pretty heavy. 

"About two men from our organization 
will be sent to the training camp beginning 
January 5th, providing we are still here, but 
I hardly expect to be among the chosen 
few. 

"At present we are attached to the 112th 
Ammunition Train, commanded by Colonel 
Monypenny. So far I am still a sergeant 
and have charge of a tent, but I believe all 
, the sergeants will be reduced or 'busted' 
as the boys express it. 
"The weather is absolutely perfect. There 
' have only been two days when you could 



see a cloud in the sky. However, the nights 
are cold and the boys have all sent home for 
extra blankets. 

"The first week was rather discouraging 
to most of the boys, for we were swinging 
a pick and shovel every day, digging lat- 
rines and filling up the mess hall floor. 

"I am anxious to begin on the real ord- 
nance work and will write you as soon as 
I can form an idea of what we are up 
against. 

"Say hello to every one for me and don't 
forget that about the only thing a soldier 
looks forward to is his mail. 

"Yours sincerely, 

"Kirby." 

"Mobile Ordnance Repair snop, 
112th Ammunition Train, 
Camp Sheridan, 
Montgomery, Ala." 



The Ballad of Thirty Feet, 

(To the boys on the Columbus canvass for 
increased rates.) 
By D. H. M. 
Listen to the tripping of thirty pairs of feet. 
Hear the doorbells tinkling, up and down 
the street. 

Thirty handsome gentlemen, at the front 

doors stand, 
Each with sharpened pencil, ready in his 

hand. 

Lady dear, I've come to tell you very joy- 
ful news 

Soon your phone will cost you four bits 

more to use. 
Sign your name here — thank you — I must 

run along, 

Taking contracts really is one grand sweet 
song. 

Back again at evening after many weary 
miles, 




"Cap" is there to greet them with his warm 

expansive smiles. 
Thirty pairs of aching feet, soon tucked 

away in bed, 
With soft downy pillows under every weary 

head. 

Morning finds them full of pep, say they 

will not stop 
Till they send the canvass clean over the 

top. 

So it goes from day to day, till, the battle 
won, 

Thirty men will proudly tell how the job 
was done. 



Second Liberty Loan 

The Ohio division made a fine showing 
in the Second Liberty Loan campaign and 
the following results speak for themselves : 

AKRON DISTRICT. 

Number 

Exchange. employes. Amount. 

Akron 101 $ 5,700.00 

Alliance 23 1,200.00 

Canton 45 2,950.00 

J^yia •■ 5 250.00 

Mansfield 7 60 o.OO 

Massillon 6 450 00 

Pamesville 2 100.00. 

Youngstown 49 2,900.00 

Total 238 $14,150.00 

CHILLICOTHE DISTRICT. 

Athens 6 $ 400.00 

Hillsboro 2 2,100.00 

Lancaster 1 50.00 

Total 9 $ 2,550.00 

COLUMBUS DISTRICT. 

Division Office 110 f 9,750.00 

Columbus 121 7,800.00 

Canal Winchester 3 1,650.00 

Total 234 $19,200.00 

DAYTON DISTRICT. 

»ayton 58 $ 6,150.00 

Miamisburg 1 50.00 

Piqua 1 100.00 

Springfield 10 650.00 

Xenia 7 1,300.00 

Total 77 $ 8.250.00* 

TOLEDO DISTRICT. 

Bowling Green 2 $ 150.00 

Findlay 4 200.00 

Fostoria 9 450.00 

Fremont 3 600.00 

Galion 1 100.00 

Sandusky 13 650.00 

Norwalk 3 150.00 

Toledo 46 6,150.00 

Total 81 $ 8,450.00 

Total for Division 

Employes 639 $52,600.00 

SUBSCRIPTIONS OF INTEREST COM- 
PANIES. 

Burton $ 2,000.00 

Crescent 1,300.00 

Gallia 2,500.00 

New Carlisle 2,000.00 

Tiffin Consolidated 9,000.00 

Total $16,800.00 

OUTSIDE SALES BY COMMERCIAL 
DEPARTMENT. 

Akron $ 7,450.00 

Chillicothe 8,250.00 

Columbus 5,300.00 

Dayton 2,250.00 

Toledo 1,650.00 

$24,900.00 

Total for Ohio Division $94,300.00 



THE LINEMAN SERVES. 
Thin illustration accompanied an article on 
"Our Best Society," by Mary Ellen Sigsbee, 
In the Chicago American. For his faithful 
service to mankind the writer gives the tele- 
phone lineman a place in our best society. 



Ironton Telephone Company 
Complimented 

The following editorial recently appeared 
in the Ironton Daily Register. Manager 
Heiskell of the Ironton Telephone Com- 
pany was formerly a manager for the Cen- 
tral Union Telephone Company at several 
exchanges : 

"Two months ago we lost our religion, 

U— 



4 



BEll-TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



we thought red and swore wildly over the 
telephone service and Mr. Heiskell, the 
patient and genial local manager, would re- 
peatedly assure us that after the change 
was made the service would be improved. 
Well the new service has been going now 
for a month or so and we want to be 
among those to give an expression of ap- 
preciation to Mr. Heiskell, his force of 
operators, his outside and inside men, for 
the service is hourly growing better and 
aside from rare, very rare, occasions, it is 
very much better than it has ever been. 
The operators are alert and courteous, the 
trouble men prompt and efficient, and a 
different spirit seems in evidence. The 
telephone service is good and it will grow 
better." 



Indiana Division 

D. H. Whitham, Correspondent, 
Indianapolis 

Indianapolis District 

On November 21st, Mr. Archer addressed 
about 100 office employes of the Diamond 
Chain Manufacturing Company on the ad- 
vantages of private branch exchange serv- 
ice. 

Mr. McNabb, of the local commercial 
department, who attended the Second Offi- 
cers' Training Camp, has received a com- 
mission as first lieutenant and has been as- 
signed to duty at Camp Travis, Tex. 

Lawrence Freeman, who received a com- 
mission as first lieutenant at the Second 
Officers' Training Camp, and is now sta- 
tioned at Camp Alfred Vail, Monmouth 
Park, N. J., returned to Indianapolis for 
the Christmas holidays. 

A private branch exchange was recently 
installed at the Columbia Club. It consists 
of five trunks and forty-five terminals. 

Charles O. Lee, an employe of the com- 
mercial department for several years, has 
been transferred to the traffic department 
as paymaster. He succeeds Clarence R. 
Dersch, who has resigned to enlist in the 
Second Indiana Field Artillery. 



Personal Notes 

Main Office 

The girls of the work order department 
at the Main office gave a theater party on 
November 5th for Miss Edith Atchley, 
who resigned to go to Chicago. She 
was presented with a handsome string of 
pearl beads. Miss Lucille Allen of the 
Washington office, has succeeded Miss 
Atchley as work order clerk. 

Miss Vivian Schafer, supervisor at the 
prospect office, has been transferred to the 
Main office as assistant evening chief op- 
erator. 

Miss Pearl Barker, local new number 
clerk, has changed her name to Mrs. W. 
— U 



E. Hyde, the fateful day being October 
L3th. 

Miss Iva M. Moore, local all-night op- 
erator, was married on November 3d to 
I'.udd Little. 

North Office 

Mrs. Jeanie Fairfield, chief operator, 
has returned from a two weeks' vacation. 

Miss Josephine Hayes and Miss Cecelia 
Gauchat gave a Hallowe'en party for their 
iriends. The evening was spent in dancing 
and games. 

Mrs. Amelia Prather, clerk, spent a two 
weeks' vacation in New Lisbon, Wis. 

Miss Bernice Putnam, clerk, went to 
Chillicothe, Ohio, to spend Sunday, No- 
vember 11th. She was accompanied by 
Miss Octavia Messenheimer, clerk in Mr. 
Wayne's office. They paid an interesting 
visit to the Chillicothe army post. 

Woodruff Office 

Miss Leona Noble, supervisor, has an- 
nounced her marriage to Sergeant Clyde 
R Oliver, of Cedar Rapids, a member of 
the Twenty-fifth Cavalry. The wedding 
took place at Louisville, Ky., on July 31st. 

Miss Laura Hensley, Woodruff operator, 
has resigned and was recently married to 
Irvin Newhart of Indianapolis. 

Misses Margaret Saltsman, Avis Pon- 
der, and Regina Kennedy, have been pro- 
moted to senior operators. 

Miss Olive Fuson has been promoted 
to supervisor. 

Miss Rose Carter has returned to her 
duties as supervisor, after an illness of 
stveral weeks. 

Belmont Office 

Miss Lula Faulkner has been trans- 
ferred to Newport, Va. Goodbye, Lu. 

Now, what do you think of this? Miss 
Jensen wanted to go all the way to Sey- 
mour to dig potatoes, when our garden is 
near. 

Say, girls ! Haven't we got some cook at 
I'elmont? 

Did you ever eat a Thanksgiving din- 
ner at Belmont? If not, you are to be 
pitied, for you have missed half your life. 
These dinners are given by the girls every 
>ear, and it would not seem like Thanks- 
giving Day without them. There were 
guests from Main : Miss Cooper, Mrs. 
Hart, Miss Dugan and Mrs. McWhinney. 
Say, girls! Wasn't that some dinner? 

I f you ever happen out our way, visit 
Belmont. 

Irvington Office 

Miss Margaret Cayton, operator, enter- 
tained the Irvington girls with a Hal- 
lowe'en party at her home on Tuesday 
evening, October 30th. Games were 
played and refreshments were served. A 
good time was enjoyed by all present. 

Miss Martha Robinson, operator, has 
announced her marriage to Claude Leon- 



ard, of the United States Navy, whicd 
took place at her home on Friday eve- 
ning, October 12th. Mr. Leonard has re- 
turned to his post in Norfolk, Va. 

Mrs. Jeon Godall, clerk, has returned 
after an illness of several weeks. 

Mrs. Edith Mclntire, operator, has re- 
signed to join her husband at Camp Tay- 
lor, Louisville, Ky. 

Washington Office 

Miss Ruth Geile's coming marriage will 
cause the girls at Washington to lose a 
\ery dear friend. All wish her much 
happiness. 

Mrs. Rose Higgins, beloved matron at 
Washington, has resigned. She was a 
most efficient matron, and a close friend 
t(. all the girls, who will greatly miss her. 

Welfare Department. 

Miss Margaret Cooper, welfare and 
employment supervisor, has returned from 
a two weeks' vacation. 



A Poetical Greeting to Soldier 
Reed 

Roland Reed, formerly of the commer- 
cial department, Indianapolis, enlisted in 
the 150th Field Artillery, which is now a 
part of the Rainbow Division in France. 
The commercial department employes sent 
him a box of cigars for Christmas and 
with it the following poem written by 
Miss Margaret Evans : 

"Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 12, 1917. 
"Dear Mr. Reed: 

"We're extremely sorry we waited so long 
To acknowledge your card, so to right the 

wrong. 

Each girl and man you knew back here, 
Have asked me to send you a word of 
cheer. 

The boss is tying a box for you, 
Which we trust you will get in a month or 
two. 

It's intended for Christmas or New Year's 

Day, 

If you don't get it then, why perhaps it 

may 

Reach you in time for the Fourth of July, 
But we hope you'll be home 'fore those 
months go by. 

"To begin with, Rosie is much concerned 
Ever since the day she learned, 
That you picked snipes from off the floor 
Of hotel lobbies, and your ringers got sore, 
So she insisted we buy you smokes, 
So you could act like regular folks. 
And Billie Kennedy says she hopes 
They won't turn out to be just "ropes," 
For she is grateful to you, you know, 
For buying such good ones for her beau. 

"What do you think Helen Wiegel said? 
'Please ask Reed when the troops are led 
To the battle front, to see that Arch 
Gets one to smoke on his tiresome inarch. 
And then, too, as he is so tall, 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



5 



Shield poor Arch, and that will be all.' 
I call that nerve, but what could I do? 
She asked me to send that message to you. 

"Miss Weber is wondering if you would 
dare 

To flirt with the French girls over there, 
And she has requested me to find 
What you are doing (if you don't mind) 
I promise you, Reed, that Mary won't 
know. 

Ethel can't tell, 'cause she won't go 
Into that store since you went away, 
For she misses seeing you there every day. 
Regarding the French girls, that Johnson 
man 

Says send him an orphan if you can. 
She must be blonde and rather flirty, 
Between the ages of twenty and thirty. 

'"Poor Hammond is having the time of his 
life. 

He says your bills bring nothing but strife, 
And that old tin Lizzie is doing her share, 
Eut misses your order, 'Let's go. rip tear.' 
Dersch was just here for a minute or two, 
And when he found out I was writing to 
you, 

He said, 'Be sure you tell that guy, 
I'm going to join him bye and bye.' 

"Casey thinks since you left. Reed, 
The Turn Verein has gone to seed, 
And Hadley said she heard today. 
The bloomin' building had floated away. 
A flood of the 'suds' you did not drink, 
Just put that place right on the blink, 
And poor old Case can go no more, 
For horses' necks ; gee, whiz, she's sore. 
And while we're on these temperance 
themes, 

Miss Lanham wants to know, it seems, 
How your sea trip compared with the road 
That drunkard took when he had such a 
load. 

"We've had a visit from Captain McCrea, 
He said to tell you to listen each day 
For bugle calls to taps and mess. 
(It's needless to tell you that, I guess.) 
He claims that he enjoyed them more 
Than anything else in the Spanish War. 
I thought I had finished, but no, not yet, 
For Addie just yelled, 'Please don't forget 
To say hello to Reed for me.' 
She hasn't been fired yet, you see. 
Miss Easier, our Sunny Jim, still smiles, 
And hunts for trouble in ticket files. 
Miss Coleman, Miss Hergt and little Miss 
Jones 

Are still on the job collecting for phones. 

Miss Baker is blushing a vivid red, 

And sends her love (that's what she said). 

"Miss Meier had promised to type this 
book 

When I wound up, but she took one look, 
And said it would take too long a time, 
So she threw up the job and I guess it's 
mine. 



I haven't forgotten a soul I know. 
They've loaded me down with messages, 
though. 

But please remember this one thing, 
As you smoke your 'stogies' and blow a 
ring, 

'1 hat everyone here in the C. U. T., 
Sends you a greeting across the sea." 



Wed Under the Colors 

Under the above heading the Indianapolis 
News gives the following account of the 
marriage of Lieutenant Bertrand S. Haw- 
kins, formerly of the commercial depart- 
ment in that city : 

"Lieutenant Bertrand S. Hawkins of In- 
dianapolis, now with Company C, 113th 
field signal battalion, and Miss Gladys Al- 
len, daughter of Frank F. Allen, of Fort 
Wayne, were married last evening at Hat- 
tiesburg, Miss. The bride's mother accom- 
panied her to Hattiesburg. 

"As the bugle sounded retreat, the en- 
tire battalion of 570 men formed a hollow 
square with the unmounted men on one 
side and the mounted men on the other. 
The regimental band of the 151st infan- 
try played the wedding march, and Miss 
Allen leaning on the arm of Major H. F. 
Hill, Jr., battalion commander, marched 
into the hollow square through an arch 
made by the crossed sabers of the com- 
manding officers of the colors. Under the 
colors stood Lieutenant John S. Hawkins 
of Kentucky, chaplain of the 151st infantry, 
in front of whom Lieutenant Hawkins 
stood at attention. Major Hill presented 
the bride. During the ceremony the band 
played 'Indiana,' and the men and officers 
saluted." 

"Lieutenant and Mrs. Hawkins then 
walked under the arch of crossed sabers to 
an automobile and were escorted to the 
edge of the reservation by Companies A, of 
Indiana, and B, of Kentucky. The division 
officers and many of the brigade and regi- 
mental commanders witnessed the wed- 
ding. 



My First Knitting Lesson 

I fumbled and I dropped my needles, 

They seemed terribly big to me. 
I was told to purl two, knit two, 

But instead I knitted three ; 
So I ripped and I ripped my knitting ; 

Ripping was easy for me. 
Then I tried again to make ribbing, 

But again I knitted three; 
So I ripped and I ripped my knitting, 

Impossible, it seemed to me 
To purl two and knit two ; 

For I always knitted three. 
At last, with a patient teacher, 

I finished my third row, 
And now I like my knitting, 

But I'm most awful slow. 
I started to knit a sweater, 

But a bed-spread I think it will be, 



But still I am knitting, still knitting, 

Just as busy as a bee. 
1 had hoped to make a helmet 

And socks for soldiers galore, 
But the stitches you cast on are many 

And the needles you use are four. 
There are sixty-four stitches, they tell me, 

And the heels must be made without 
seams. 

To me it seems impossible. 

With a washrag I could easier please; 
For should I knit from now 'till doomsday 

I know I'd never make more 
Than a washrag that is perfect, 

Instead of socks with stitches sixty-four 
But if you'll join "Our America" 

Our mother will show you how 
To make sweaters that are not bedspreads 

And helmets that'll fit the brow. 
She will teach you until knitting is easv. 

And you'll knit and knit all day long, 
And you'll make socks that are perfect 

Durable, warm and strong. 
Come on, now, get at your knitting 

And knit for our soldiers true ; 
For they are fighting, yes, fighting, 

To protect our Red, White and Blue. — 
Anna M. Welch, Indianapolis. 



A Day at Fort Benjamin 
Harrison 

By Mrs. Adaline McWhinney, Traffic 
Department, Indianapolis. 

At 8 a. m. we joined those of the op- 
erating force who were to go out to Fort 
Eenjamin Harrison, wrapping up warmly 
in the machine, for the air was crisp. We 
traveled over the well-known road to the 
fort, arriving there at 9 a. m. We went 
at once to the exchange, and met Miss 
Click, who is in charge, and a part of 
the operating force, hard at work. After a 
short call at the office we walked across 
to the fine quarters that Uncle Sam has 
provided for our girls. 

Mrs. Miller, the house-mother, gave us 
a warm welcome and the rest of the op- 
erating force were found enjoying their 
relief from duty. After an inspection of 
the quarters, which would delight any 
housekeeper, we settled down to visit and 
to knit on the various comforts for our 
soldier boys. At noontime Mrs. Miller 
called us to lunch, and such a lunch — a 
home-cooked, wholesome, toothsome meal. 
There may be those who can make just 
as good bread as Mrs. Miller bakes and 
served to us, but there are certainly none 
who can bake better. 

Four o'clock came too soon, and we had 
to come home. On our way to the st»tion 
we were bewildered by the multitude of 
khaki-dressed men figuring in the wonder- 
ful parade then going on. Our emotions 
were much mixed. Pride, overwhelming 
pride, was uppermost in our breasts, 
knowing that these dear boys were 
leaving homes, sweethearts, wives, and 
mothers to defend their country's honor, 

— U 



6 



BELI/TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



and to cstalilisli world-wide democracy. 
Then the tears came crowding thick and 
fast, for, after all, we who are left behind 
realize that some of these soldier boys will 
not come back to their homes, and may 
become only a sweet, glorious memory. 
Then our thoughts flew to everyone who 
is taking part in this great struggle, and 
we thrilled with pride when we realized 
that our girls, as well as our boys, were 
working in Uncle Sam's great army. 

We left the fort when the sun was go- 
ing down, a blazing red ball, but the air 
was beginning to take on the haze of eve 
(ling. Our hearts were very tender when 
we realized that we were leaving our boys 
in training, and also our girls in their own 
place, striving to do their duty in the 
places assigned them. 



Girls, Why Worry? 

Why do we waste so much energy and 
time in worry? Why do we try to con- 
vince ourselves that worry is a duty and 
we are negligent if we fail to perform it? 

There are two splendid reasons why we 
should not worry : 

First, when we can help conditions we 
should get busy, get to work and remedy 
matters. Second, why worry when we real- 
ly cannot remove the cause? All the wor- 
rying in the world will not remove it, or 
help it in the least. 

It is a bad habit, to say the least, and 
one that grows on us, and many who are 
otherwise pleasant friends become a 
nuisance when they make of the worrying 
habit a luxury to be indulged in, and annoy 
their friends with their selfishness. One 
of its worst features is that it soon be- 
comes a virtue in the estimation of the 
one who has it. 

Worry draws lines on the face, drives 
smiles away from the eyes and lips, and de- 
stroys digestion, thus injuring the health 
and spoiling good looks. It also takes 
away the pleasure our friends could enjoy 
in our society, because to be a good fol- 
lower of the habit, we don't keep our wor- 
ries to ourselves. Oh ! dear, no. We must 
perforce tell them to any and all who will 
listen, for there is no comfort in worry 
lest shared. 

When we have an unusual task before us, 
the temptation to express at least a fear 
that it cannot be accomplished arises, and 
in so doing we limit ourselves at once. 
When introduced to new duties, often our 
first expression is: "Oh! I never can do 
that." Then after a trial at the work we 
hear so often : "I worried all day, or 
night, about that work, and I just know 
I can't do it." 

We do ourselves infinite harm in spend- 
ing so much time on the worry part. Why 
riot put that time, energy and thought to 
better use? For, after our day or night 
of worry, wasting our strength and weak- 
ening our will, we have accomplished noth- 
ing, and our worry is still with us, large 



as ever. That same amount of time and 
energy put into earnest effort might have 
accomplished the work at hand. 

Strange as it may seem, the worrier does 
not seem to realize that nothing happens as 
a result of the worrying — things go on ex- 
actly as before. 

When we are tempted to commence this 
bad habit, let us go at once to some mir- 
ror and watch the cloud on our faces and 
the droop at the corners of our mouths. 
When we see how our faces index our 
minds, I feel sure our girls will forego 
the questionable luxury of worrying and 
become one of those who will try and try 
again and succeed. — Contributed. 



Miss Velma Liehr Dead 

It was with regret that her fellow em- 
ployes learned of the death of Miss Velma 
Liehr, an operator at the Main office, In- 
dianapolis. Miss Liehr had been ill sev- 
eral months, and bore her illness most 
patiently, hoping, until near the end, that 
she would recover, but the nature of the 
complaint (tuberculosis) made that im- 
possible. 



Second Liberty Loan Results 

Central Union Telephone employes in 
Indiana bought bonds of the second Lib- 
erty Loan to the amount of $31,400 as fol- 
lows : Plant department, $15,000; traffic 
department, $10,650 ; commercia 1 depart- 
ment, $3,250, and directory, $2,500. 



Strikes and Spares 

The Commercial pin smashers are still 
setting the pace in the Central Union 
Bowling League of Indianapolis. The 
Cable, Wire Chiefs' and Engineers' teams 
are deadlocked for second place with the 
Construction boys and Draftsmen fight- 
ing to keep out of the cellar. 



STANDING ON DEC. 17TH. 



Team. 


Won. 


Lost. 


Pet. 




21 


6 


.778 


Cable 


14 


13 


.519 




14 


13 


.519 




14 


13 


.519 


Construction 


9 


18 


.333 




9 


18 


.333 



Johnson remains intrenched behind high 
individual average with a mark of 177. 
Parrish is second with 168. 



Notes from the "My America" 
League 

The work of relief goes on. The en- 
thusiasm grows with each week. It is the 
aim of this auxiliary first to provide knit- 
ted comforts for all of the Central Union 
boys who have gone to the front, and later 
to their friends who need them. 

The matrons of the Indianapolis division 
of the Central Union Telephone Company 
have donated twenty-six pillows covered 
with the substantial khaki cloth, made in 
regulation Red Cross size. Many of these 
have already been distributed to the boys ; 



one or two of them to go directly "over 

there." 

About twenty-five are doing the real knit- 
ting in the auxiliary, and the number of 
finished garments is growing fast. 

In addition to the work of relief, the 
auxiliary has gathered and distributed 22S 
magazines to the different regiments at 
Fort Benjamin Harrison. 



Northern and Southern District 

Fred Champ, assistant construction fore- 
man at Terre Haute, recently enlisted in 
the Signal Corps. He is the fifth man 
from the construction department to en- 
list since war was declared. 

The Terre Haute force of the Amer- 
ican Telephone and Telegraph Company 
kept up its standard in clearing trouble 
during the storms which swept over the 
country during the second week in Decem- 
ber. 

I. N. Crawford, chief clerk, Terre 
Haute, went hunting near Carlisle, Ind., 
November 20th, and bagged several rab- 
bits and birds. Mrs. Crawford entertained 
the girls of the commercial department 
with a rabbit supper on November 30th. 
Those in the party were Misses Alma 
Fcker, Mae Flynn, Mattie Harms, Mary 
Short, Louise Stevens, Celia Reisman and 
Emma Rail. A pleasant time was en- 
jtyed. 

W. H. Shaffer, construction foreman at 
Terre Haute, one of the "wheel horses" 
on the American Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company's bowling team, met with 
a painful accident during a recent bowling 
contest. Mr. Shaffer's finger was mashed 
when he was lifting a ball from the re- 
turn rack. 

The Terre Haute exchange suffered 
considerable damage to toll lines on ac- 
count of the extreme cold weather on De- 
cember 8th and 9th. Three crews of Cen- 
tral Union employes worked all day on 
Sunday, the 9th, repairing the damage. 

G. W. Cook, of the Terre Haute ex- 
change, who enlisted in the Signal Corps 
a few months ago, was home recently and 
called at the office to visit his many 
friends. He seemed to be enjoying army 
service and looked the picture of health. 

Terre Haute was visited by an epidemic 
of la grippe recently, and for a time it 
appeared that most of the force would be 
in the sick list. At one time Miss Leanor 
Landers, toll chief operator, and Mae 
Shively, Bonnie Webster and Charlotte 
Smock, toll operators, were absent, while 
several others were fighting hard to keep 
on the job. 

Miss Josephine Cantonwine, service ob- 
sti ver at Muncie, was a recent visitor in 
Terre Haute. 

W. H. Shaffer, construction foreman, 
and John T. Smith, exchange line fore- 
man, Terre Haute, went to Indianapolis 
on December 7th to attend a meeting of 
the Shriners. 

Terre Haute weekly conferences on toll 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



7 



rules are still being held in Terre Haute. 
Vhe meetings are conducted under the di- 
rection of Miss Leanor Landers, toll chief 
operator. 

During the recent Army Y. M. C. A. 
drive in Terre Haute, the operators con- 
tributed $30 in gold toward the fund, 
•v total of $60 was given by the employes 
cf the exchange. 

Regular members of the Eel River Rod 
and Gun Club, consisting of E. L. Ham- 
lin, division line supervisor, Indianapolis ; 
Roy Daniels, Indianapolis ; A. J. Stevens, 
Terre Haute; P. L. Mosley, right-of-way 
agent, Indianapolis ; Robert Berryhill, In- 
dianapolis, and Frank W. Rolen, plant 
chief, Terre Haute, recently enjoyed their 
annual hunting at Jacob Station, seven miles 
southwest of Washington, Ind. They re- 
port the most successful and enjoyable 
orting they have had since the organiza- 
tion of the club. Manager George W. 
Dyke of the Washington exchange ar- 
ranged with the land owners in the 
surrounding territory to permit the mem- 
bers to hunt within a radius of at 
least ten miles. This seems a very 
large territory to cover in ten days, 
but Mr. Rolen claims that it was hunt- 
ed over several times during the ten days' 
stay. Visitors during the encampment 
were George W. Dyke, manager at Wash- 
ington ; Manager Finical and Bert Jones 
of Vincinnes; O. D. Pickering, famous 
'"has been" ball player ; Webb York, of 
Indianapolis, and W. R. Hirst, plant su- 
perintendent, Indianapolis. 

Miss Mary Short, clerk in the man- 
ager's office, under the supervision of F. 
H. Kissling, made a service flag which 
now hangs in the commercial office at the 
Terre Haute exchange. The flag has nine 
stars. 

Employes of the Terre Haute exchange 
were surprised to learn of the marriage 
of Mrs. Daisy Hayworth, local supervisor, 
to John Roberts of Clinton, Ind. The 
ceremony took place at the home of the 
groom on September 4th, but was not an- 
nounced until a month later. Mrs. Rob- 
erts remains with the Terre Haute ex- 
change and Mr. Roberts has enlisted in 
the army. 

Miss Madlyn Lockwood, local operator 
at Terre Haute, has resigned to accept a 
position with the Vandalia Railroad. 

Miss Anna Fischer, local chief operator 
at Terre Haute, recently returned from a 
week's absence because of the illness of 
her mother. Mrs. Fischer is improving, 
but will remain in the hospital for several 
weeks. 

Miss Marie Shay, former local operator 
at Terre Haute, has been promoted to 
supervisor, filling the vacancy made by 
Miss Gertrude Eickmeier who preferred 
| operating work. 

Miss Grace Nichols has been transferred 
from the Terre Haute to the Anderson 
exchange as she will make her home with 
her mother in that city. 



The employes of the Terre Haute ex- 
change deepest sympathy to Miss Theresa 
Brooks, contract clerk at Terre Haute, 
whose mother died at their home on 
South Eighth street, on December 11th. 
Mrs. Brooks had been ill for some time 
?nd appeared to be improving. 

Miss Lois Anderson, traffic chief at 
Terre Haute, spent Thanksgiving week at 
her home in Fowler and also visited 
friends in Lafayette. She reports the 
turkeys and other eats just as good in 
Benton County as could possibly be found 
in any other section of the country. 

Interesting toll operators' meetings are 
held every Tuesday at the Terre Haute 
office. All who attend are given an op- 
portunity to discuss matters that are not 
entirely clear to them. The results are 
very satisfactory and a great deal of in- 
terest and enthusiasm is displayed. 

A review course for toll supervisors and 
operators has recently been established by 
Miss Creason, instructor at Terre Haute. 
Every employe in the toll department is 
given an opportunity to brush up on 
knowledge on phraseology and super- 
vision in general, given an examination 
and graded. Excellent results are antici- 
pated from this post graduate course. 

Miss Mary Hayes, chief operator at La- 
fayette, spent Sunday, November 25th, 
with friends at Brookston. 

On Wednesday evening, November 
28th, an operators' meeting was held at 
the Lafayette office. After the meeting 
a theater party was given by the chief 
operator. 




COLONEL HARTMAN OF THE SIGNAL 
CORPS AND THEODORE N. VAIL. 
Photograph by Underwood <t Underwood. 



Miss Yeativc Ullrich, a former em- 
ploye at Lafayette, but now of the In- 
dianapolis office, visited friends in Lafay- 
ette for several days recently. A 6 o'clock 
dinner was given in her honor by the op- 
erators. 

Miss Letha McClurkin, the supervisor 
at Lafayette, spent Thanksgiving at Chi- 
cago. 

Miss Clara Schroder, toll operator, was 
recently absent for several days on ac- 
count of illness. 

The Lafayette employes took up a col- 
lection for the Y. M. C. A. fund. 

Several of the Lafayette operators 
have taken up knitting for the soldiers. 
One girl has finished and sent a sweater 
and scarf and wristlets, but says she 
doesn't just know about the socks. 

Frank Wright, assistant wire chief at 
Lafayette, has been called to serve in 
the Signal Battalion and is now located 
at Camp Gordon, Atlanta, Ga. All his 
friends at Lafayette wish him good luck. 

Miss Metha Mertz, bookkeeper at Ken- 
dallville, was recently married to Malcolm 
Fraze of Kendallville at Camp Shelly, 
Miss., where the groom is a member of 
Battery A, 137th Field Artillery. Mrs 
Fraze will continue her work in the Ken- 
dallville office. 



Social at Shelbyville Exchange 

(From Shelbyville Democrat.) 

Many enjoyable social events fall to the 
lot of those connected with the Central 
Union telephone exchange in this city, but 
the best and most elaborate one in years 
was given at the exchange on Tuesday 
evening, November 6th, by Mr. and Mrs. 
Arthur Chafee, Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
Young, Mr. and Mrs. Howard Turner, Mr. 
and Mrs. Walter Jackson and Mr. and 
Mrs. Charles Shelton, with the operators 
as the special guests of the evening. S. G. 
Huncilman, manager of the exchange, was 
master of ceremonies. 

The gathering marked the beginning of 
business meetings that are to be held every 
other Tuesday evening by the operators. A 
business session was held in the rooms up- 
stairs before the jolly crowd proceeded to 
enjoy the banquet and dancing on the lower 
floor. The big store room was used as 
the dining and dancing hall and it had 
been put in most attractive dress for the 
occasion. A player piano had been fur- 
nished by the Pearson piano house and 
Charles Werner, the Smithland florist, 
furnished the decorations, including palms 
and flowers and a big table bouquet that 
went to Miss Lucile Scott in a contest con- 
ducted after the banquet had been served 
and before the dancing started. The menu 
was a splendid one, and with the supply 
inexhaustible, the diners feasted to con- 
tentment. 

A rather unique but most appropriate 
plan was hit upon for seating the banquet- 
ers. The place cards bore a bell and bow 

U— 



8 



ffiLL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



of ribbon and a telephone term made up 
by using the initials of all the persons 
present, and much merriment resulted from 
this method of finding the plates. All the 
terms used are familiar to telephone em- 
ployes and the list as compiled from the 
table, with the names of the banqueters, 
was as follows : 

Beatrice Kinney Bell Kid 

Eunice Carpenter Every Complaint 

Frances Roberts False Report 

Pearl Swain Perfect Service 

Withelmina Schwartz Willing Service 

Hazel Myers Hurry Messenger 

Clara Badgley Call Back 

Dorothy Louden Don't Listen 

Lucile Scott Dong Distance Service 

Leona Wiles Line Worker 

Opal McKay Open (Mc) Key 

Lulu Edwards Line Exchange 

Gladys Waltz Good Wire 

Bernice Scott Bell Service 

Mary Schultz Mixed Service 

Mary Rouse Mixed Ring 

Luta Mann Line Man 

Gladys Pickett Green Plug 

Erie Berck Extension Bell 

Grace Weingarth Give Wire 

Pauline Klose Push Key 

Ethel Kirby Easy Key 

Opal Whaley Open Wire 

Rthel Bruner Exchange Board 

Lena Bruner Listing Button 

Minnie Rosen Must Repeat 

Kathleen Adams Key Answer 

Anna Riley Advance Rates 

Martha Sedg-wick Messenger Service 

Opal Martin Old Messenger 

Lillian Martin Late Messenger 

Sam Huncilman Short Haul 

J. Lloyd Wayne 3d Just Live Wire 

May Martin Mrs. Manilla 

Cecil TCirsch Call Key 

Nora Burton Not Busy 

/Vita Parrish A Position 

A special feature of the business meet- 
ing was a talk by J. Lloyd Wayne, the 
traffic superintendent for the state of In- 
diana. He gave the operators and other 
employes a fine line of instructions as ap- 
plying to their daily work and also talked 
of many things of general interest. 

Before proceeding to the banquet room 
the crowd assembled at the manager's office 
and a memory test was conducted there, 
with all the operators participating. It 
consisted in viewing a number of objects 
arranged promiscuously on the manager's 
table and then going into another room and 
writing the name of all the objects remem- 
bered. 

The first thing the contestants did, how- 
ever, was to forget all about what had 
been on the table in the manager's room. 
Strange as it may seem, since nearly all 
the employes at the exchange are girls and 
women, they had been kept in ignorance of 
what awaited them in the room to which 
they were led, as it was the banquet room, 
and the banquet and dance were planned as 
surprise features of the meeting. All the 
girls but a very few who had to be let in 
on the secret, because of trips they had 
to make to the room for supplies, ad- 
mitted they had been caught napping. 

As the guests entered the banquet room 
they were greeted with the words and ac- 
companiment of "The Star Spangled Ban- 
ner," the singers being Misses Opal and 
Lillian Martyn, of Manilla, and at the 
head of the table (in fact, on the end of 
the table) stood little Arthur Chafee, Jr., 
and Dorothy Alice Turner, dressed as 
Uncle Sam and Columbia. The picture 
was such a pretty one, fitting as it did into 
— u 



the general patriotic arrangement of the 
decorations that many expressions of sur- 
prise and appreciation were heard. 

During the serving a program of pa- 
triotic selections was given on the player 
piano which also furnished music for 
dancing. 



John Cultice Home 

About two years ago a movement was 
started among employes of the Central 
Union Telephone Company to raise money 
to provide a home for John Cultice who, 
although afflicted with blindness, ran the 
telephone exchange in Red Key, Ind., as- 
sisted by his wife, for many years. 

Those who contributed to the fund will 
be interested to know the outcome of their 
generosity. The home is now a reality in 
Red Key. 

The committee reports that there were 
1,595 subscribers and John was in absolute 
ignorance of what was going on until after 
the house was purchased, renovated and 
ready for occupancy. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cultice are very appre- 
ciative of what has been done for them 
and extend thanks to all. 

In a later issue of the News will be pub- 
lished a detailed account of John's life and 
work in the telephone business, together 
with a description of the new home and 
the arrangements for maintaining it. 



From "Somewhere in Indiana" 

The complaint given to the Wire Chief 
by the subscriber was, "Bells don't ring. 
Oh, yes, we can call from our telephone 
and have good service, otherwise, but our 
bells don't ring." The usual inspection 
showed the circuit to be complete elec- 
trically and all contacts good, but the bells 
were completely dead so far as tone was 
concerned, because cockroaches had hidden 
under them and were so closely packed that 
the vibrations were absorbed by the in- 
truders. After routing the enemy from 
their "trenches" good service was imme- 
diately restored. 



Illinois Division 

A. J. Parsons, Correspondent, 
Springfield 

Springfield District 

The plant superintendent's office force 
recently contributed $49.50 towards the 
Central Union Good Fellows' Club, and in 
the Christmas Red Cross membership 
campaign went over the top with a 100 
per cent, flag for fifty-one members. 

Dick Barbour, who has been • in charge 
of pay roll plant accounting in the plant 
superintendent's office, has been trans- 
ferred to Sycamore, 111., as auditor for 
the DeKalb County Telephone Company. 
He succeeds Don Workman, who has gone 



to Washington on special accounting work 
in the war department. 

J. Maylield of the plant accountant's 
office has resigned to join the staff of In- 
ternal Revenue Collector Pickering of the 
Springfield district. 

O. S. Morse, general foreman, is on ac- 
cident leave with a painful dislocation of 
the right elbow sustained while he was 
supervising the construction of a crossing 
over the Illinois river at Hardin. 

J. R. Hughes of the plant superintend- 
ent's office has resigned and returned to 
his former duties as an assistant engineer 
on the staff of the Illinois Public Service 
Commission. 

Roy Hays, on leave of absence from the 
piant superintendent's office, as a member 
of the Fifty-eighth Field Artillery Bri- 
gade at Camp Logan, Houston, Tex., re- 
ports he has been detailed as a private 
orderly to Brigadier General H. D. Todd, 
and is enjoying his cantonment life. 

A service flag for the Illinois division 
on the sixth floor of the Reisch building 
at the entrance to the general manager's 
offices contained seventy-three stars on 
December 17th. A similar one in the plant 
superintendent's office contains sixty-five 
stars. Plans are now under way to pro- 
vide a flag for each exchange and esti- 
mate foreman which will show not only 
the number of men in the service from 
the exchange or crew, but the total num- 
ber for the division. This number will 
be corrected weekly if necessary as leave 
of absence forms are acted upon at the 
Eenefit Committee meeting. 

The Springfield Engineers' Club at its 
December meeting, through the courtesy 
of the Chicago Telephone Company, and 
the Receivers, Central Union Telephone 
Company, heard the illustrated lecture on 
telephone development given by H. T. 
Crunden of the Chicago Telephone Com- 
pany. The moving picture films, "Weav- 
ers of Speech," and "The Telephone Ro- 
mance" were also shown. The meeting 
was quite extensively advertised and was 
attended by over 200 members of the En- 
gineers' Club, the Rotary Club, the Op- 
timists' Club and the general public. It 
occasioned much favorable comment. 

Miss Loretta Hopkins, local operator, 
has been promoted to local supervisor, 
succeeding Miss Ida Seigel, who was mar- 
ried on November 18th to Nathan Strum. 

Miss Lola Stayon, local operator, was 
married in Peoria on October 27th to Ed- 
ward Bashaw. The wedding was a sur- 
prise to many of Mrs. Bashaw's friends. 
The girls of the traffic department pre- 
sented her with several pieces of linen. 
Mr. and Mrs. Bashaw spent a week in 
Chicago on their wedding trip. 

Miss Mary Tonn, local supervisor, was 
married in Joliet on October 27th to Jo- 
seph Emig. Mr. and Mrs. Emig spent 
several days in Peoria. On the bride's re- 



BELL TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



9 



turn to the office, she was presented with a 
linen table cloth and napkins. 

The following have accepted positions 
with the company as operators: Misses B. 
Price, J. Beams, S. Harper, E. Hickey, L. 
Huggins, M. Brisco and M. Constock. 

Miss Anna Agnew of Oshkosh, Wis., has 
accepted a position as operator. 

Miss Mary Wagoner has returned after 
a three weeks' leave of absence. 

When Uncle Sam made his second Lib- 
erty Loan call, the girls of the traffic de- 
partment responded nobly, $1,050 being 
subscribed. 

Miss Grace Moroney, better known to 
the girls as "Patsy," has been transferred 
to Brooklyn, X. Y., where she will make 
her home in the future. Mrs. Pendleton 
entertained on the evening of October 14th 
for Miss Moroney. The guest of honor 
was presented with a beautiful cut glass 
vase. Miss LaRine Sheehan also enter- 
tained for Miss Moroney. "Patsy" re- 
ceived many other beautiful presents from 
the girls, who will miss her winning ways. 

Miss Iva Moore has accepted a position 
in the local managers office. 

Miss Amy Crowder has accepted the po- 
sition of pay station attendant in the local 
manager's office. She succeeds Miss Mary 
Sharpies, resigned. 

The following employes in the plant de- 
partment have been called to the colors : 
W. P. Thompson, night frameman, now at 
Fort Leavenworth, Kan., in Depot Com- 
pany I, Signal Corps; Walter Renfro, 
night switchboardman, now at Camp Gor- 
don, Ga., with the Signal Corps, and James 
D. Lumsden, who is with the Signal Corps 
at Camp Funston, Kan. 

Private James D. Lumsden recently sus- 
tained a dislocated shoulder in a football 
game at Camp Funston and was home on 
furlough for a few days. 

The local office is in receipt of a very 
interesting letter from Private Walter Ren- 
fro, regarding Camp Gordon, where he is 
stationed. He states that they have the 
most up-to-date camp in the United States, 
and that he likes it fine. There are about 
40,000 men there. The weather is ideal 
and the surroundings very pleasant. 

Private branch exchanges have recently 
been installed as follows : Gorman's man- 
sion, two trunks and seven stations ; office 
of internal revenue collector, two trunks 
and five stations; Springfield Hospital, 
three trunks and eighteen stations; Wem- 
ple Truck and Tractor Company, two 
trunks and seven stations. 



Kankakee District 

| Mrs. Gertrude Capron, toll operator at 
the Kankakee exchange, has resigned and 
will spend the winter with her sister. She 
has been succeeded by Miss Marguerite 
Green. 

Cupid has been very busy at the Kanka- 
kee exchange the past few months. Miss 



Ha yes is now Mrs. Armond Talbott, Miss 
Wagner has become Mrs. George Otis and 
Miss Abilgard has changed her name to 
Mrs. Edward Gernentz. 

Miss Edna Darner, formerly of Kansas 
City, Mo., has accepted a position as local 
operator at Kankakee. 

The employes of the Kankakee exchange 
furnished several dinners for poor fami- 
lies at Christmas. 

Miss Gladys Lezotte, local operator at 
the Kankakee exchange, has resigned to 
accept a position as private branch ex- 
change operator with the Paramount Knit- 
ting Company. She has been succeeded by 
Mrs. Kate Betourne, formerly of Cham- 
paign. 

Miss Bertha Gorman, chief clerk at the 
Kankakee exchange, is on a month's leave 
of absence. 

A son recently arrived at the home of 
Lloyd Roche, cable splicer at the Kankakee 
exchange. 

Roy Davis recently enjoyed a vacation 
in western Montana. He went with the 
idea of purchasing farm land, but the coun- 
try failed to appeal to him, and he thinks 
Illinois a pretty good place to live in after 
all. 

Miss Leonia Hudson, night operator at 
the Momence exchange, has resigned to 
accept another position. She has been suc- 
ceeded by Miss Pauline Gelino. 



Peoria District 

Lloyd Wells, clerk in the plant depart- 
ment at Peoria, has resigned. He is suc- 
ceeded by Miss Minnie Bender. 

Misses Ruth Hegenberger and Imogene 
Douglas have accepted positions in the 
commercial department at Peoria. 

D. H. Hayes, plant chief, reports a new 
eight-pound baby boy in charge of his home, 
and consequently is wearing the smile 
that won't come off. It is reported that 
the youngster is already second baseman 
for the Central Union Telephone Com- 
pany's baseball nine. 

On the evening of November 22d Mr. and 
Mrs. George Brannon entertained the em- 
ployes of the commercial department at 
their home on North Monroe street. Re- 
freshments were served, and the evening 
was spent in playing games and music. It 
was a happy crowd that left at a late 
hour, and all reported "the very jolliest of 
evenings." 

Miss Nellie Montgomery has accepted a 
position as stenographer in the Peoria ex- 
change during the illness of Miss Rose 
Scoones. 



Quincy District 

Mrs. Anna Heckenkamp, matron in the 
Quincy exchange, died on December 1st 
after an illness of two months. She en- 
tered the employ of the company as matron 
on October 1, 1013. On October 1, 1917, 



she suffered the loss of her daughter Ag- 
nes. Grief probably hastened the moth- 
er's death, as she and her daughter were 
constant companions. Mrs. Heckenkamp 
will be long remembered by all of the oper- 
ators, who were benefited in many ways by 
her kindness. Miss Ella Castigan, a sister 
of the deceased, succeeds her as matron. 

Miss Laura Linz, local operator, recently 
organized a hiking club composed of opera- 
tors. The initial trip was a twenty- 
mile hike to Hannibal. About ten couples 
left Quincy one bright Sunday morning at 
7:15 and stopped by the wayside to toast 
"wieners" and eat lunch. They arrived in 
Hannibal at 3:15 p. m. and returned home 
by train. The hikers all declared that they 
had a grand and glorious trip, but have not 
yet repeated. 

Miss Edith Bell, local operator, has been 
transferred to the Springfield office, as her 
parents moved to that city. 

Miss Clara Coens, toll chief operator, 
has returned from a very pleasant visit in 
Chicago. 

Miss Josephine Kenner, toll operator, 
was transferred to the Rock Island office 
recently on account of her family moving 
there. 

Miss Alma Sibbing, local operator, was 
recently absent for a week, suffering from 
ptomaine poisoning. 

Miss Anna Mitchell, chief operator, spent 
Thanksgiving Day on a farm, where the 
turkeys are not wild but high. 

Leaton Irwin of the Irwin Paper Com- 
pany recently sent the operators ten gal- 
lons of delicious sweet cider from his 
farm. It was greatly appreciated by all. 

J. V. Howe, switchboard man in the 
plant department, has been sick for several 
weeks with a gathering in his head, 
caused by a poisonous sore throat. It was 
necessary to have an operation performed 
on each ear drum. 



Dance at Carrollton 

The girls of the Central Union Telephone 
Company at Carrollton, 111., gave a dance 
on November 28th, in Woodman Hall, for 
the benefit of the Army Y. M. C. A. Music 
was furnished by Schroeder's orchestra of 
Jerseyville. The proceeds netted $3(1. 



The Battle Cry of Feed 'Em 

Yes, we'll rally round the farm, boys, 
We'll rally once again, 
Shouting the battle cry of Feed 'Em. 
We've got the ships and money 
And the best of fighting men. 
Shouting the battle cry of Feed 'Em. 

The onion forever, the beans and the corn, 
Down with the tater — it's up the next 
morn — 

While we rally round the plow, boys, 
And take the hoe again, 
Shouting the battle cry of Feed 'Em. 
— Fred Emerson Brooks ("Patriotic 
Toasts"). 

U— 



10 



BELLTELEPHONENEWJ 



Telephone Operators on the 
British Front 

While telephone operators in the trench- 
es at the front in Europe are seldom in 
the limelight, their services are of vital 
importance in up-to-date warfare, and well 
do they perform them. A party of tele- 
phone operators, or signalers as they are 
technically known, is attached to a company 
occupying a front line trench. The dug- 
out where they and their instrument are 
installed is near the company commander's 
headquarters. A dug-out is seldom a haven 
of rest, and never of safety. The work of 
these men is not always of a stationary 
nature. They have to repair their wires 
when broken — often under heavy fire. 
When an advance is made by the troops 
they have to follow closely the unit to 
which they are attached, so as quickly tc 
establish communication with the officer 
directing operations. 

The war game inside and outside the 
dug-out goes on uninterruptedly till a time 
arrives when no answer can be obtained on 
the telephone. 

"Wire's broken," ejaculates the operator. 

Without a word two men, clutching up 
their rifles and tools, pass out into the 
white light of the German star-shells. 
More dangerous shells are falling with 
monotonous regularity to right and left of 
them as they go forward. To heed such 
happenings is worse than useless. At length 
they reach a shell hole, the cause of their 
unwished for promenade. The work of 
splicing a new piece of wire to the broken 
ends is soon accomplished. Then they re- 
trace their steps to the dug-out. 

Again ! The British guns are blazing 
away at the Boches' front trenches. Sud- 
denly the captain raises his eyes from his 
watch, and with a quick scramble is on the 
parapet. 

"Over, boys !" he shouts. The men clam- 
ber out. As far as the eye can see to right 
and left there is a wrinkled wave of khaki 
clad men surging forward. 

The telephone operators, in accordance 
with orders, are waiting till their comrades 
have taken the hostile trench. They inter- 
pret these orders in the widest sense, for 
the attacking force can scarcely be said 
to have reached their objective before the 
three of them are doubling across. One 
carries a spool of wire which he unreels as 
he sprints along, the others carrying tools 
and the instrument. 

Between their starting point and objec- 
tive the German guns are putting a dense 
barrage through which they must pass. 
Shrapnel spatter on all sides like the first 
ominous drops of rain which precede a 
summer storm. Bullets, fired from the rear 
trenches of the enemy at the newly won 
position, "phit" past in countless numbers. 
Suddenly the man with the reel wire spins 
half-round, staggers and falls. 

"Only through the thigh. I'll follow 
on," he grinds out, as he hands his burden 
to a comrade. 
— U 



The two gain the captured trench, where 
their captain awaits them. 

Out of breath with his recent exertions, 
he pants out : 

"Rig the telephone up here," pointing to 
a deep shell hole. "Only place." 

The two men quickly adjust their instru- 
ments, and the captain, after handing a 
written message to be sent through, hurries 
away. 

The German guns are now playing on 
the newly won position, the heavy boom of 
high explosives intermingling with the 
snaplike report of the shrapnel shells. The 
captain perceives a mass of the enemy col- 
lecting for a counter-attack. He hurries to 
the telephone to notify the artillery of the 
target. A glance into the shell-hole shows 
that the shrapnel has taken toll — one of the 
operators is dead. The other is lying with 
the receiver to his ear, but he returns no 
answer to his superior's call. In a flash 
the captain realizes that that recumbent 
position is too natural to be natural. He 
gently takes the receiver from the stiffened 
hands and gets his message through. Then, 
glancing up, he sees a man on all fours 
looking down into the shell-hole. It is the 
wounded operator who has crawled pain- 
fully after his comrades. 

"I'll carry on," says the newcomer, quiet- 
ly. — Boston Transcript. 



The American People Respond 

The American people have not refused 
anything that is needed for the war. 

The Government asked them for 1,500,000 
men, and the men are in the camps or on 
the firing line. 

It asked for ships, and $2,000,000,000 
worth of ships are under construction. 

It asked for money, and money has been 
forthcoming with absolutely no stint. 

And now it is asking for food, and out 
of their wealth the American people will 
give food as generously and effectively as 
they have given everything else needed in 
connection with vigorous prosecution of the 
war. 

Food makes the most direct war contri- 
bution, apart from men — one that touches 
every home every day. 

Next to men it calls for the greatest 
changes in normal life and personal habits. 

The American people have changed 
their money habits and are buying bonds ; 
they have changed their ways of thinking 
about ships, and are building a mercantile 
marine; they have changed their views of 
peace, and are giving their men for the es- 
tablishment of a real world peace. 

And they are changing their habits in 
food. They eat corn instead of wheat, 
poultry instead of beef and pork, and are 
saving sugar and fats. 

It has taken a little longer to organize 
this war contribution of food, chiefly be- 
cause the matter was more complicated 
than other war contributions, and had to 
be brought home to more people. 



But it has been brought home, and the 
food has begun to move to Europe. 

In this great war work the American peo- 
ple are not going to be found wanting.— 
Weekly Bulletin, U. S. Food Administra- 
tion. 



Army Balloons Go on Furlough 

Considerable excitement was recently 
caused in the vicinities of Fort Omaha, 
Neb., and Fort Sill, Okla., when two army 
observation balloons, evidently tired of the 
rigors of confinement, decided to take a 
furlough. As both balloons departed from 
their respective camps at about the same 
time it almost seems that their trip was 
pre-arranged. 

The Fort Omaha balloon, of a new 
French type and filled with 35,000 cubic 
feet of gas, was being prepared for ascen- 
sion when it took advantage of its student 
guards and escaped. It broke the brakes 
on the big drum used to lower and raise 
it and unwinding the entire 6,000 feet of 
cable sailed merrily away at a speed of 
forty-five miles an hour. After surveying 
the landscape in Nebraska, it decided to 
visit Kansas and from there continued to 
Oklahoma. It then returned to Nebraska 
and was finally captured. 

During its tour the balloon had scant 
courtesy for telephone and telegraph wires 
and poles and tore them down ruthlessly. 
It evidently mistook them for German 
trench wire entanglements. This explana- 
tion, however, was not exactly satisfactory 
to the linemen who repaired the damage 
caused by the invader. 

The Fort Sill balloon, which is of a 
smaller type, had a less eventful trip. It 
escaped when an airplane broke its anchor 
line and took two officers along as guests. 
This runaway showed a more peaceful dis- 
position than its Fort Omaha friend and 
did not molest the telephone and telegraph 
wires. When about thirty miles from Fort 
Sill the officers mutinied and succeeded in 
bringing the craft to earth. 



Danger Ahead 

Two rival sausagemakers lived on op- 
posite sides of a certain street, and one 
day one of them placed over his shop the 
legend : 

"We sell sausages to the gentry and 
nobility of the country." 

The next day, over the way, appeared 
the sign : 

"We sell sausages to the gentry and 
nobility of the whole country." 

Not to be outdone, the rival put up 
what he evidently regarded as a final 
statement, namely : 

"We sell sausages to the King." 

Next day there appeared over the door 
of the first sausagemaker the simple ex- 
pression of loyalty: 

"God save the King." — Christian Science 
M onitor. 



1 



SELI/TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



1 1 



Telephone Service and the Hali- 
fax Disaster 

The telephone and telegraph companies 
suffered heavily in the explosion and fire 
which laid waste about five square miles 
of the city of Halifax, N. S., on December 
6th. The city was practically isolated from 
the outside world. The explosion occurred 
about nine o'clock in the morning, after a 
collision between the French munitions 
ship Mont Blanc and the Belgian relief 
ship Into in the Narrows of the harbor of 
Halifax. 

The Mont Blanc had on board a cargo 
of about 4,000 tons of trinitrotoluol, the 
deadliest of modern explosives, and when 
this blew up nearly 2,000 persons were 
killed, many thousands were injured, and 
about one-third of the population of the 
city- was made homeless. The property 
loss is estimated at $20,000,000. 

The Maritime Telephone and Telephone 
Company supplies telephone service in the 
Halifax district. J. H. Winfield, with 
headquarters at Halifax, is general mana- 
ger. At the time of the explosion, four 
exchange buildings were standing, in one 
of which a newly-completed installation 
was scheduled to be cut over on the night 
of December 8th. 

The blast instantly destroyed many local 
lines in the northern part of the city adja- 
cent to the Narrows and cut the toll serv- 
ice lines running out of town, destroying 
poles, breaking wires and generally de- 
stroying telephone and telegraph commu- 
nications. Eleven copper circuits connect- 
ing the city with distant parts of the 
world were shot to pieces, though not to- 
tally ruined. 

In all the exchanges, glass was broken, 
the windows being blown for miles. In 
the Lome exchange a piece of steel wreck- 
age weighing about twenty-rive pounds 
plunged through the roof and was hurled 
downward through the operating room 
within a foot of the rear of the switch- 
board, carrying a beam with it. Fortu- 
nately little or no injury was sustained by 
the operators or by the switchboard 
equipment in any of the exchanges, but 
two operators were reported missing and 
no trace had been found of them by De- 
cember 9th. 

The operators stuck bravely to their 
posts in all the exchanges until ordered to 
leave by the military authorities. For fully 
an hour after the explosion, service was 
given to innumerable inquirers who sought 
to ascertain the extent of the damage, the 
progress of the fire and the condition of 
relatives and friends. 

Fearing a second explosion might occur, 
this time in the naval magazine, all per- 
sons were ordered out of buildings shortly 
after ten o'clock and a general exodus to 
the southern part of the city followed. The 
magazine was flooded full and the danger 
averted, but it was several hours before 
service was anything like normal again. 



Many of the operators and other em- 
ployes suffered personal bereavement in the 
disaster, but with true loyalty stayed by 
their posts in the midst of terrible anxiety 
and sometimes certain knowledge that 
those dear to them had been killed or 
wounded. 

On December 7th, after one or more 
government telegraph lines had restored 
wire communication between Halifax and 
the outside world, a heavy blizzard fell 
upon the stricken city and again interrupted 
connections. 

On learning of this additional trouble 
the New England Telephone and Telegraph 
Company dispatched H. A. McCoy, division 
plant superintendent, to Halifax by the first 
available train. Mr. McCoy arrived in 
Halifax early on the morning of December 
9th, and spent the day looking into the 
situation, offering all possible assistance. 
He was not alone, for representatives of 
other public utility organizations, manufac- 
turers, civic bodies, state and federal gov- 
ernments left no stone unturned to offer 
and send relief. 

By Saturday about midnight, December 
8th, telegraph communication was so far 
restored that about 5,000 words of Associat- 
ed Press matter were sent out of Halifax. 
Since then, wire communication has beer, 
very good, considering the unfavorable 
weather and enormous rush of traffic. Many 
extra emergency installations were required 
by the relief work. 

Employes of telephone and telegraph 
companies alike all through Nova Scotia 
and New Brunswick on the main lines of 
communication, worked day and night to 
restore and maintain service, and it would 
be difficult to exaggerate the value of the 
service performed under the circumstances. 

Cable communication was interrupted for 
a time and during the first hours of the dis- 
aster recourse was had to wireless mes- 
sages. The telephone company at St. John, 
N. B., was instrumental, with others, in 
offering aid, and it would be hard to cite an 
instance of more immediate or more appre- 
ciated co-operation than was offered to 
Halifax from sympathizing communities 
and organizations outside. 



Laughing Gas 

Laughter jiggers the diaphragm, accele- 
rates circulation and promotes digestion. 

Laughter soothes tired nerves, lessens 
sorrow and lubricates the serious human 
machine. 

Laughter scatters sunshine into dreary 
shadowland, it generates hope in discour- 
aged hearts. 

Laughter irons out the wrinkles from 
tired faces, it puts the sparkle in dull eyes, 
it brings the glow to faded cheeks. 

Laughter kills worry. 

Millionaires don't laugh often and that's 
where you and I have the best of them, so 
let us laugh and pass the good thing along. 
Advance Club News. 



Telephone Girls Ask to Serve Flag 

Misses Virginia Van Osdell and Viola 
Searles, telephone operators in Amite, La., 
will make application to go to France with 
the delegation of operators which the gov- 
ernment will send. Both these young 
women, who have already registered to 
serve the country at home or abroad, have 
won a reputation for courage of the high- 
est type, their friends assert. 

Eight years ago Miss Van Osdell sat 
at the switchboard in a burning building 
at 2 a. m. and warned sleeping residents of 
an entire square of the flames which a few 
minutes later consumed a whole block. Dr. 
C. S. Stewart, a local physician, rescued 
her by climbing a telephone pole and 
snatching her from the blaze in the second 
story just before the building caved in. 

Miss Searles, during a tropical storm 
which raged here one September night sev- 
eral years ago, remained, under protest 
in the building which was condemned as 
being unsafe. In answer to protests she 
said that in case of disaster she would be 
needed at her post of duty and she was 
willing to take the risk. — Chicago Daily 
Journal. 



The Whirligig of Time 

It is possible that the war is "making 
the world safe for democracy" in more 
ways than one. In some of our military 
camps, for instance, there will be found 
more than one ten-thousand a year private 
being bossed around by a thirty-eight dollar 
a month sergeant. A case of this kind re- 
cently came to light at Camp Grant. A 
certain recruit was being interrogated in 
the usual way as to his accomplishments. 
He admitted he could drive a car and was 
then asked if he could repair one. "No," 
he replied, "but the captain of this battery 
can." "How do you know?" "He used to 
be my chauffeur." 

Life in the army seems to get into a 
man's system. A rebellious little Italian 
cook was caught in the first draft and sent 
down to Rockford. It was hard for him 
to realize that he had a job from which he 
could neither resign nor be fired, and when 
after three weeks of drudgery in the kitch- 
en the doctors exempted him on account of 
poor eyesight, the boys expected to hear 
only soft breathings of relief and joy. 

But the three weeks had changed Tony. 
He had become a staunch upholder of the 
glory of his battery, and of "Old Glory" 
itself. Forty-eight hours later found him 
back at his job in the kitchen. He had this 
time voluntarily enlisted, passed a different 
set of doctors, and was eager to do his bit. 
Dulce et decorum est. — Advance Club News. 



The Age of the Fountain Pen 

The fountain pen is not a recent inven- 
tion, as might be imagined; for it is re- 
ferred to in Samuel Taylor's "Universal 
System of Shorthand Writing," published 
in 1786. — Christian Science Monitor. 

u— 



12 



B01-TELEPH0NE-NEW5 



Uncle Sam First at the Telephone 

"What's the matter, Carter?" inquired 
the Stroller, as his fellow clubman came 
out of the telephone booth. "You look 
sore at the world in general." 

"Why wouldn't I be?" snapped his friend. 
"I've tried to make a telephone call three 
times, and the line is busy." 

"What number do you want?" asked the 
telephone man. 

Carter told him and the Stroller stepped 
into the booth. In a few moments he was 
talking to his friend, Wilson, the manager 
of the exchange. 

"Sorry," said Wilson, "but Colonel White 
is using that line to give some important 
directions about the entrainment of his regi- 
ment. You know how it is." 

"Sure, answered the Stroller. "Much 
obliged, Wilson. Good-bye." 

In answer to Carter's inquiring look as 
he went back to his seat the Stroller said, 
"Well, Carter, I suppose you want to see 
the Kaiser get licked?" 

"You bet I do," was the instant response. 
"Why do you ask?" 

Disregarding the question, the Stroller 
then asked, "Have you bought a Liberty 
Bond?" 

"Yes, two of them," answered his friend, 

"but—" 

"Subscribed to the library fund and Red 
Croso?" 

"Long ago; what on earth 
are you — ?" 

"Well," said the Stroller, 
"Here is what I am coming at. 
You show in several ways your 
disposition to help your coun- 
try in this war. Now I'll tell 
you another good way." 

By this time several others 
had gathered around to listen 
to the Stroller's remarks. 

"Boys," said the telephone 
man, "almost immediately after 
we declared war the Bell Sys- 
tem placed all its lines at the 
disposal of the government 
and explained to people that 
in order to serve the govern- 
ment it might be necessary for 
them to wait occasionally if a 
government official was using 
the line. Another case of 
America First." 

Just then the telephone rang. 
"There's my call," said Carter 
and hurried into the booth. 

"Carter just had that ex- 
perience," went on the Stroller. 
"Of course, he didn't know, so 
he was a little peevish when he 
did not get the number he 
wanted. I called the manager 
and found that Colonel White 
was using the line for impor- 
tant government business." 

"You're dead right," said an- 
other member of the group. 
"I'll be patient every time." 
— U 



Several others nodded assent. 

Just then Carter came back. "Excuse 
me, boys," he said, "I must be going. The 
operator explained why I couldn't get the 
call sooner. I won't kick again when any 
of Uncle Sam's boys are using the tele- 
phone and I have to wait." 



A Toast to the Blue and the 
Gray 

Here's to the blue of the wind-swept North 
When we meet on the fields of France ; 

May the spirit of Grant be over them all 
When the sons of the North advance. 

Here's to the gray of the sun-kissed South 
When we meet on the fields of France; 

May the spirit of Lee be over them all 
When the sons of the South advance. 

And here's to the blue and the gray as one 
When we meet on the fields of France; 

May the spirit of God be over them all 
When the sons of the Flag advance. 

— White City News, Chicago. 



Bound, Woman Uses Her Teeth 
to Telephone 

Gagged and bound by two armed men 
after thev had robbed the house of valua- 



bles, Mrs. S. J. Mason of St. Paul sum- 
moned aid by removing the telephone re- 
ceiver from its hook with her teeth after 
loosening the towel about her face. 

Mrs. Mason had responded to a rap at 
the front door about 11 a. m. and was 
about to accept a sample of soap from two 
men representing themselves as distribu- 
tors when one commanded her to keep 
silent, pointing a revolver at her head. 

With a curse they forced her to a chair. 

"Whcre're your rings?" one asked. 

"On the dresser," she answered. 

In a few moments the burglar returned 
with three diamond rings and one with 
topaz setting. He pocketed them and small 
pieces of silverware and other valuables. 

The robber had threatened her with 
death if she screamed. The nearest neigh- 
bor was 200 feet away. Ready to leave, 
after thoroughly searching the house for 
loot, the men then bound Mrs. Mason, car- 
ried her to a sofa and left. — Milwaukee 
Journal. 




Help Beat the Kaiser by Saving 
Coal 

It is announced from Washington that a t 
national "tag-your-shovel" day is the latest 
scheme of the fuel administration for con- 
serving coal. 
January 30 is the date fixed. On that 
day the school children of the 
country will tag the coal , 
shovels in American homes. 

"Save that shovelful of coal' 
a day for Uncle Sam," is the' 
inscription on the face of the 
tags. On the other side are 
these hints for saving coal : 

1. Cover furnaces and 
pipes with asbestos or other 
insulation ; also weather-strip 
your windows or stuff cracks 
with cotton. 

2. Keep your rooms at 68 
degrees (the best for health). 

3. Heat only the rooms you 
use all the time. 

4. Test your ashes by sift- 
ing. If you find much good 
coal, there is something wrong 
with your heater. See a fur- 
nace expert. 

5. Write to the maker of 
your furnace or stove for prac- 
tical directions for running 
economically. 

6. Save gas and electric 
light as much as possible — this 
will save coal for the nation. 



COINS SALVAGED FROM CAFE FIRE IN NEW HAVEN, CONN. 
Lead alloy in runway of telephone coin box was melted by intense 
heat and coins (mostly nickels) were imbedded in the metal. They 
were undamaged except for a slight scorching which turned them 
black. Courtesy Telephone Bulletin. 



Prepared 

"To become a soldier your 
first lesson must be of prompt 
and unquestioning obedience.' 

"All right, captain; I'm mar- 
ried. Next lesson ?" — Balti- 
more American. 



BE11-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



13 



General Squier in Charge of Aviation and Signal Corps 

Chief Signal Officer's Scientific and Military Training Well Fits Him for Responsibilities of Difficult 

Position. 



The great two-sided task of upbuilding 
America's air fleet and of providing for 
all the field telephone and wireless com- 
munications for our new armies has been 
entrusted to Major Gen- 
eral George O. Squier, 
who, as it happens, drew 
up the first airplane speci- 
fications ever issued by a 
war office, who was the 
first passenger to go up in 
an airplane, and who has 
invented many electrical 
communicating appliances 
along the lines of his pres- 
ent work. General Squier 
thus brings to the great 
responsibility resting upon 
him, a life's effort in sci- 
ence and a military train- 
ing running back through 
four years at the embassy 
in London, during the 
present war, through the 
Philippine insurrection and 
the Spanish war to West 
Point. 

The importance of his 
duties cannot be exagger- 
ated. The air service, 
which this year needs a 
billion dollars above the 
$700,000,000 allotted last 
year, is counted on to 
clear the road to victory 
for the American ground 
troops. Soon, from the 
skies of France, the men 
now under General 
Squier's care will be guid- 
ing American batteries, 
saving American lives 
from surprise attack, 
bombing German trenches, 
seeking out German guns, 
while the Signal Corps it- 
self will be serving as the 
nerves of the army, flash- 
ing back and forth, by radio and telephone 
the priceless intelligence upon which every 
military move must depend. The life of 
the man responsible for this organization 
is, therefore, doubly interesting. 

General Squier was born in Dryden, 
Mich, on March 21, 1865, in the old home- 
stead which he still owns and which was 
settled by his grandfather in 1835. In 1883 
he was chosen for West Point, and in 
1887 graduated seventh in a class of sixty- 
five. Appointed a Second Lieutenant in 
the Third Artillery at Fort McHenry, Bal- 
timore, on June 12, 1887, he used all his 
spare time studying physics at Johns Hop- 
kins University under such leaders as Row- 
land, Remsen and Newcomb. There he 
laid the basis of his scientific knowledge, 
being made a fellow of the university in 



1902-3-4 and receiving his Ph. D. in 1903. 

In 1897 he announced before the Amer- 
ican Institute of Electrical Engineers a new 
method of rapid telegraphy, based on the 




MAJOR GENERAL GEORGE O. SQUIER, 
Who as Chief Signal Officer has under his direction the employes of the Bell 
System, who enlisted in the Signal Corps of the United States Army. 

— Photograph by Harris and Ewing. 

use of the alternating current with the 
polarizing photochronograph. Three years 
later he announced to the same society the 
adaptation of these principles to cable 
telegraphy, using the sine wave e. m. f.'s as 
worked out in experiments begun the year 
before with Dr. A. C. Crehore. 

Meanwhile his military career claimed 
him, especially during the rush of the 
Spanish war. In 1900 he took the cable 
steamer Burnside from New York through 
Suez to the Philippines, where he laid the 
inter-island cable still in use. During this 
time he rose through various ranks till he 
was made Major on March 2, 1903. 

In 1907, as Chief of Staff to General 
Allen of the Signal Corps, he was en- 
trusted with drawing up the first specifi- 
cations for a military airplane ever issued 



by any government. On September 12th 
of the next year, when in charge of the 
first tests at Fort Myer, he made the first 
ascent as a passenger in an airplane. That 
December he showed his 
faith in aviation by a pub- 
lic address stating that 
airplanes are fast "oblit- 
erating present national 
frontiers in conducting 
military operations." 

After several years 
more of intense scientific 
investigation he was sent, 
fin 1912, to England as 
military attache to the 
American embassy, where 
he built up many of the 
friendships and secured 
much of the information, 
especially in the first two 
years of the war, that have 
since proved so useful. 
He also represented the 
United States at the In- 
ternational Radio Confer- 
ence in London that year. 
It was there, too, in June, 
1915, before the Physical 
Society that he made the 
announcement of his cable 
transmi s s i o n invention, 
which later led to its 
adoption. It is estimated 
that this doubled the ca- 
pacity of the cables by 
substituting for the cable 
"curve" made by opening 
and closing the circuit, a 
single - phase alternating 
current of the sine wave 
type, operating with the 
Morse code. 

In May, 1916, with the 
war two years old and the 
vital importance of avia- 
tion fully demonstrated, 
he was recalled to this 
country by President Wilson to reorganize 
the air service. On February 14, 1917, he 
was appointed Chief Signal Officer in 
charge of both aviation and the Signal 
Corps, with the rank of Brigadier Gen- 
eral. He was promoted to the rank of 
Major General on October 6, 1917. 

During that brief eight months since he 
has been in charge the air service has 
jumped from a strength of 2,000 to an 
authorized strength of 153,000; its appro- 
priations have increased from about a mil- 
lion dollars in five years to $700,000,000 
granted in one and a billion asked in the 
next; its planes and aviators have in- 
creased from a handful to thousands. The 
Signal Corps itself has had to meet the 
needs of an army six times that of a few 
months ago. 



14 



BELL'TELEPHONE * NE\KS 



General Squier is a fellow of the Physi- 
cal Society of London ; a member of the 
Royal Institution of Great Britain; the 
American Mathematical Society ; the 
Franklin Institute; the American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science; the 
American Physical Society; the American 
Philosophical Society; the American Insti- 
tute of Electrical Engineers, and other sci- 
entific and professional bodies. He was 
awarded the John Scott Legacy Medal in 
1896 by the city of Philadelphia for the 
polarizing photochronograph and in 1912 
the Elliott Cresson gold medal, the highest 
honor of the Franklin Institute, for his 
work in multiplex telegraphy on "wired 
wireless," by which half a dozen wireless 
messages run outside of but are guided by 
a single wire. He has also issued inven- 
tions in the use of trees as antennae in 
wireless telegraphy, the electro-chemical 
effects of magnetization ; and the absorp- 
tion of electro-magnetic waves by living 
vegetable organisms. 

But what is most important, General 
Squier, with these manifold scientific ac- 
quirements, possesses in a remarkable de- 
gree the capacity for leadership. He is a 
good judge of men and has surrounded 
himself with a scientific and military per- 
sonnel which is representative of the high- 
est type of American achievement. He 
possesses in a high degree those personal 
qualities, found only in leaders of men. 
which call forth the enthusiastic and loyal 
support of all of those who are privileged 
to serve under him. Among those who are 
thus privileged none will serve more faith- 
fully or loyally than the men of the Bell 
System who entered the reserves of the 
Signal Corps which were established with 
so much wisdom and foresight by General 
Squier even before our country had en- 
tered the war. 



Joliet Operators Win Recogni- 
tion 

The good work of Misses Florence Fos- 
ter and Alberta Reeves, night operators at 
Joliet, which resulted in the capture of 
twelve convicts who escaped from the Joliet 
penitentiary on the night of December 3d 
has been universally commended. 

Each of these operators recently received 
the following letter from W. R. Abbott, 
general manager, accompanied by a sub- 
stantial check : 
"Dear Madam : 

"It gives me great pleasure to commend 
you personally and extend my sincere ap- 
preciation for the very excellent service 
which you rendered in the performance of 
your duty in spreading the alarm so quickly 
and thoroughly on the night of December 
3d which resulted in the capture of the 
escaped convicts from the Joliet peniten- 
tiary. 

"There is a pleasing tradition in the 
annals of the Bell System that its employes 
are always alive to emergencies and cred- 
itably acquit themselves under trying cir- 
cumstances, and it has been very gratify- 



ing to learn that this tradition was so well 
upheld by you in so ably performing your 
work in this instance and rendering such 
assistance to the entire community. 




"As a further recognition of our appre- 
ciation, I am pleased to present you with 
the enclosed check on behalf of the Chi- 
cago Telephone Company. 

"Yours very truly 
(Signed) "W. R. Abbott, 
"General Manager." 



Look Ahead, Gardeners 

Even as early as January the foresighted 
gardener is looking forward to his spring 
garden and planning and preparing for the 
planting season. 

The compost heap, by this time, should 
be well under way. In process of construc- 
tion, the heap of manure, which should be 
turned from time to time, is a convenient 
dumping place for vegetable refuse, soap- 
suds on washdays, and garbage. In fact, 
most any refuse adds to the value and ef- 
fectiveness of the compost. The deeper 
the pile the better, in order to prevent wa- 
ter from leaking through and washing away 
valuable food elements. 

Those who have cold frames should see 
that the proper ventilation is given them. 
The object of placing plants in a cold frame 
is not to grow them during the winter 
months, but to keep them in a dormant 
state until ready to set out and to make 
them so hardy that they will at once start 
to grow when planted and will not be af- 
fected by cold spells. For this reason a 
moderately low, not a warm, temperature 
is required. On cold, clear days it is ad- 
visable to keep the frame cover partially 



opened and during moderate weather it can 
be removed entirely. Unless the ground in 
the beds was frozen at the time of a heavy 
snowfall the snow should not be left on 
the frames many days. 

During a thaw it is well to secure soil 
for the beds, protecting it well with coarse 
manure or litter. Plans should be made to 
have the ground occupied all the time, em- 
bracing crops which will not encroach upon 
each other. 

It can not be too strongly impressed upon 
the gardener that the garden should be 
planned in the winter and all preparations 
made for the coming planting season. Do 
it now, and you will be prepared when 
spring comes. 



Company D Auxiliary 

Since July 12th, when the Company D 
Auxiliary was organized, the boys of Com- 
pany D, 410th Telegraph Battalion, have 
known that a concerted effort to supply 
their needs and contribute to their comfort 
was being made in Chicago. Every 
Thursday from 10 a. m. to 3 p. m. the 
auxiliary, which is composed of relatives 
and friends of the boys, meets to sew and 
to knit, and every week a shipment of com- 
pleted articles is sent by express to the 
company, which has been stationed since 
July 21st at Fort Leavenworth, Kan. 

The auxiliary has sent the following sup- 
plies to Company D : One hundred and 
eleven suits of pajamas, ninety-two sewing 
kits, thirty-nine pillows, ninety-five oilcloth 
clothes bags, sixty-seven laundry bags, 108 
pairs of bed socks, 204 dish towels and 
thirty flannel abdominal bands. Knitted 
articles sent include twenty-three pairs of 
wristlets, twenty-five helmets, forty sweat- 
ers and five scarfs, and for reading matter 
fifteen books and numerous magazines have 
been supplied. 

Owing to the generosity of the Chicago 
Telephone Company officials, especially 
Messrs. Cady and Blakely, and the men of 
the Hyde Park exchange, the auxiliary is 
enjoying the use of the men's clubroom at 
the Hyde Park building for its weekly 
meetings. This cheery, commodious room 
is the scene of much lively activity on 
Thursdays, and fingers seem to fly faster 
and the piles of finished garments mount 
higher as the mothers compare notes on 
their sons' letters and tell the news from 
camp contained in them. On one wall of 
the clubroom hangs a picture of Company 
D, around which groups of admiring rel- 
atives and friends of the boys can be found 
at any hour of the day, each proudly point- 
ing out to the others her own soldier boy. 

Among the members of Company D who 
have been guests at the various meetings 
are Corporal John Gill, who was home 
on sick leave after an attack of typhoid: 
Canteen Sergeant Fred J. Vilter, who en- 
tertained all present with a lively discourse 
on the daily happenings at the fort; and 
Sergeant Harry J. Hathaway, who brought 
his bride to meet the women of the auxil- 
iary. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



15 



The weekly letter from Company D is 
awaited with great interest at the meet- 
ings and there are nearly always others from 
some of the boys in other branches of the 
service. Some of these letters are from 
the "homeless" soldiers who have become 
"adopted" sons of auxiliary members, and 
they are very appreciative of the cheer 
contained in letters and packages from one 
who is "doing her bit" in her way as truly 
as he is striving to do his in training and 
at the front. 

The auxiliary has recently instituted one 
or two novel additions to its regular work. 
A record of the men laid up in the hospital 
is kept and a letter of sympathy goes from 
the auxiliary to cheer the invalids on to 
recovery; also a list of the birthdays of 
all the men has been compiled and the 
auxiliary sends greetings on the appropri- 
ate dates. Sergeant Hathaway, recently 
operated on for appendicitis, and Eugene 
Brokaw, whose birthday came on Decem- 
ber 17th, were the first to profit by these 
innovations. 

On Friday, November 30th, the auxiliary 
entertained the men of the company who 
were home for Thanksgiving, at a Thanks- 
giving luncheon in the clubroom. Captain 
L. B. Boylan and thirteen of the company 
were present, as follows : Lon McCament, 
Robert G. Rand, Allen R. Taylor, William 
Greene, Edward E. Morehouse, Matthias 
Kilbride, Jr., Stephen Harrington, Thomas 
E. Corcoran, Charles L. Kucera, Joseph 
Kucera, Henry Hansen, Raymond J. Nel- 
son and Fred Einwalter. After a repast 
consisting of turkey sandwiches, hot coffee, 
pickles and olives, cake, cookies and fruit, 
Mrs. E. G. Carter, president of the auxil- 
iary, made a little speech of welcome, to 
which each soldier responded briefly with 
expressions of gratitude for the work of 
the organization in his behalf and with 
tales of funny happenings in camp. Ed 
Morehouse started the speech-making by 
declaring that "It always makes a soldier 
mad to offer him something to eat, so 
I'm so mad I can't talk today !" Rob Rand 
dwelt chiefly on the details of kitchen po- 
lice, for which he expressed a great fond- 
ness (?); Raymond Nelson expressed a 
mild surprise at the coincidence noticed 
on Monday, Wednesday and Friday nights 
when all "non-coms" were forced to forego 
the pleasures of French class on account 
of sudden illness ; and Thomas Corcoran 
elaborated on technical intricacies of Com- 
pany D's equipment to the amazement of 
his comrades, who declared that "they had 
never heard of all those things!" "Long 
Lon" McCament ended the roll call by re- 
lating the story of the preacher and the 
little girl who advised him to "say 'Amen' 
and sit down !" 

The program closed with the reading of 
the following poem written in honor of 
the occasion by Miss Thirza Riggs, the 
recording secretary of the auxiliary: 

To-day we are all come together 
In honor of those we hold high, 



For the joy of this grand occasion 
Should reach and rebound from the sky. 

From afar they have travelled to visit, 
From that lovely sunflower state, 

Full measure of fun and of laughter, 
Let us give them this very date. 

Young, strong and brave-hearted, 
Are the boys of our Company D, 

Soon they'll be stringing a wire 
To the stronghold of wicked Willy. 

We are glad that to-day you have come, 

We extend a welcome hearty, 
Only wishing the rest could be here 

At our jolly Thanksgiving party. 

Each Thursday we'll knit and we'll sew, 

In this our auxiliary, 
Our boys will be fitted up right 

When they cross the Atlantic Sea ! 



Telephone and Telegraph Men 
Elected Officers of I. A. C. 

At the recent election of the Illinois 
Athletic Club the members' ticket, headed 
by George Hull Porter, of the Western 
Electric Company, for president, went 
over the top by a big majority. Mr. Porter 
received approximately 1,200 votes of the 
2,000 cast. George H. Gaunt, general man- 
ager of the Western Union Telegraph 
Company, was elected a director. 

H. A. Mott, of the Chicago Telephone 




GEORGE HULL PORTER, 
President of Illinois Athletic Club. 



Company, and T. J. Rider, Jr., of the 
Western Electric Company, were very ac- 
tive in campaigning for Messrs. Porter and 
Gaunt. 



It's Captain Moore andXaptain 
Helmer 

News has been received in Chicago of 
the promotion of First Lieutenants D. E. 



Moore and Newhall Helmer to the rank 
of captain. 

Captain Moore, then first lieutenant, was 
assigned to Company E, Sixth Telegraph 
Battalion, and Captain Helmer, then first 
lieutenant, to Company D, Sixth Telegraph 
Battalion, when this battalion was organ- 
ized last summer. It is not known at this 
writing what assignments they will have 
under their new rank, or who will suc- 
ceed them as first lieutenants in the Sixth. 

The Sixth Telegraph Battalion was 
moved a few weeks ago to Camp Morse, 
Tex. Prior to that time the men had been 
in training at Fort Leavenworth, Kans. 

The Eleventh Telegraph Battalion, also 
organized from Central Group employes, 
is now in France with General Pershing's 
forces. 



Blue Prints and Thumb Tacks 

from 

Central Engineering Dept. 



F. R. Marks is thinking very seriously 
of hanging out a service flag. His Great 
Dane dog "Badger" was detailed recently, 
at the call of Uncle Sam's boys, to the 
Camp Custer cantonment. 

An embryo clerk, who has her weather 
ear open for any data that would teach 
her the telephone business, asked the file 
clerk recently if the men had to pay for 
all the correspondence which they drew 
from the file. Upon being told "No" and 
asked "Why?" she replied "Because I al- 
ways hear you say you'll charge it." 
Another proof that Ireland should have 
home rule. 

An intercepted cablegram bears the fol- 
lowing message: "Mr. Burke Smith, Cen- 
tral Engineering Department, Chicago. No 
stocking in your home large enough to hold 
my gift. Am sending nine pound baby 
girl, special delivery. Please have arms 
(not loaded) ready to receive same. — 
(Signed) Santa Claus." 

The detectives on making their period- 
ical trip around the nineteenth floor, were 
about to capture C. S. Edward for carry- 
ing concealed weapons. Upon being per- 
suaded to look more closely they found 
them to be only the barrels of three mam- 
moth fountain pens and an eversharp 
pencil. Mr. Edward was exonerated. 



In the Bill 

Patient — "Doctor, what I need is some- 
thing to stir me up — something to put me 
in fighting trim. Did you put anything like 
that in this prescription?" 

Doctor — "No. You will find that in the 
bill."- — Judge. 



Vain Promise Otherwise 

She (to fiance) — We must be very eco- 
nomical now. Promise me that you will 
do nothing you can't afford. 

He — What! Do you want me to break 
off the engagement? — Boston Transcript. 



16 



5ELLTELEPHONE-NEWJ 




Central Union Signal 

Battalion Quickly Wins 

Friendship of Southerners 



When the receivers of the Central Union 
Telephone Company were requested last 
June to organize a field battalion, Signal 
Reserve Corps, they delegated the work to 
Chief Engineer Kempster B. Miller, who, 
in turn, asked Plant Engineer S. B. Ridge 
to assume the responsibility. He called 
G. A. Boyle, commercial engineer, and J. R. 
Ruddick, division auditor of receipts, both 
from the Indiana division and men who 
had seen service in the army, to his assist- 
ance and a publicity campaign was imme- 
diately started, through the general man- 
agers. 

The army officials had decided that two 
wire companies would be the quota desired 
from the Central Union Telephone Com- 
pany and the work of securing officers and 
enlisting the men started as soon as en- 
listment blanks could be secured. 

Guy A. Boyle was recommended for the 
commission of major and J. R. Ruddick 
and K. D. Schaffer for captains; Louis F. 
McCardle, Davis M. Shryer, Clarence G. 
Shriver and Thomas S. Rosser for first 
lieutenants. 

All of these recommendations received 
the endorsement of the examining board 
and were commissioned except the candi- 
date for major. Unfortunately, the general 
staff of the army decided just at that pe- 
riod to appoint no more majors until 
needed to command organizations and then 
to make the appointments by promotion 
from the grade of captain. Mr. Boyle was 
later offered a captain's commission, which 
he declined. As soon as the officers re- 
ceived their commissions they were imme- 
diately ordered to the signal school at Fort 
Leavenworth, Kan., for a twelve weeks' 
course of training, at the end of which 
Captain Schaffer and Lieutenants McCar- 
dle and Shriver were assigned to the 307th 
Field Battalion, Camp Gordon, Georgia; 



Lieut. Louis F. McCardle. 

Captain Ruddick to the 314th Field Bat- 
talion, Camp Funston, Kansas, and Lieu- 
tenant Shryer to Camp Lee, Virginia. 
Lieutenant Rosser resigned and returned 
to his home before the training course at 
Fort Leavenworth was ended. 

The Central Union enlisted men were 
assigned to several different companies of 
the 307th Field Signal Battalion under the 
command of Major John Hemphill, divi- 
sion signal officer at Camp Gordon. The 
battalion is divided into three separate 
organizations. The first is the outpost 
company, whose duty it is to establish lines 
of communication up to and within the 
trenches. The other organizations are the 
wire company and the radio company. The 
duty of the former is to establish lines of 
communication with other divisions in the 
field, while the latter will act as operators 
of portable field sets. 

The following copied from the Indiana 
Daily Times refers to the 307th Field Bat- 
talion and is evidence of the type of men 
furnished the government by the Central 
Union Telephone Company and of the 
spirit with which the men are taking to 
the work before them : 

"For two hundred and fifty men to take 
an entire army camp by storm, and in the 
course of a two weeks' stay win a secure 
place in the big, warm heart of Camp Gor- 
don, is an occurrence by no means frequent 
in military circles, but this is exactly what 
the 307th Field Signal Battalion has done 
at Camp Gordon in Georgia. Only a short 
time ago, as the result of a shift from 
the central division to the national army 
cantonments, the boys of the 307th Field 
Signal Battalion began to pour into Camp 
Gordon. Already they are friends and 
comrades of all the soldiers encamped in 
the heart of the 'old red hills of Georgia.' 

"From colleges and trustworthy positions 
they came — all of them clean-cut American 
youths — and they brought with them their 
college yells, college songs and enthusiasm. 
At work and on the long and tiresome 
hikes they sing and whistle, and when 
their work is hardest and most tiresome 



THE CENTRAL FNK'N SIGNAL B; 
Capt. John R. Ruddick. 



they whistle and sing the loudest and gay- 
est. Most of these men are college stu- 
dents and graduates and all are good, sub- 
stanial Americans. Their officers swear by 
them ; the men of the division always have 
a cheery word for them, and the entire 
camp is justly proud of the men who, with 
their sunny dispositions and their frank, 
pleasant manners, have literally carved out 
a niche for themselves in the hearts of 
every one with whom they are thrown into 
contact." 

The same may be said of the 314th Field 
Battalion stationed at Camp Funston, Kan. 
They are also telephone men and one com- 
pany is composed of former Central Union 
employes. Up to date the men have all 
been busily engaged in practice in prelim- 
inary signaling and in addition have taken 
part in the regular military "hikes." Their 
health is reported to be perfect and their 
morale, discipline and efficiency excellent. 

The receiv- 



ers, officials and 
employes of the 
telephone com- 
pany have ev- 
ery cause to 
realize the 
most profound 
g r a t i f i ca- 
tion from the 
service 
of "their men" 
now wearing 
the country's 
uniform and 
defending their 
nation's flag — 
they will not 
only reflect 
credit upon the 
organiza- 
tion from 
whence they 
come, but will 
render every 
service im- 
posed upon 
them, energet- 




A GROUP C 

Left to right— Lieut. Davis M. Shrye 
G. Shriver, Lieut. Thomas S 
Lieut 



Loui F. 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



17 




CAMP GORDON, ATLANTA, GA. 

Capt. Kilbreth D. SchafCer. 



Lieut. Clarence G. Shriver. 



ically and thoroughly : theirs will be a pa- 
triotic duty, nobly performed. 

The following men enrolled and were 
assigned to Companies B of the Twenty- 
third and Twenty-fourth Field Battalions. 
Later the designations were changed to 
307th and 314th Field Battalions. 

To have known these men has been a 
pleasure, and to have been associated with 
them in the past is a privilege to cherish. 
May good fortune attend their future and 
may they all return perfect in health and 
sound in body. 
Allard, George F. 
Arvine, John C. 
Asker, Dewitt 
Belknap, Chas. M. 
Blankenship, Everett L. 
Boger, Ben 
Barkes, Glenn 
Beckman, Fred, Jr. 
Bleeke, Russell M. 

Bradford, William A. 
Brown, Carl 
Beaty, Thomas E. 

m f minBuf Baird, Ralph D. 

Cook, G. W. 
Cissna, Arnold B. 
Crump, Charles C. 
Clouse, Clarence 
Cole, Fenton B. 
Corzine, Celestine 
% Crouch, Claude W. 
| Daniels, Clifford. 
Dutton, Earle L. 
Davis, Fred A. 
Emery, Chas. V. 
Farris, Ray D. 
I Flowers, J. C. 
jjj Green, Raymond M. 
jj Grosback, Isidore H. 
I Grubbs, Paul F. 
I Gunn, Owen F. 
jallagher, William 
"jillaspy, Lester D. 
V,e]]er, Leo J. 

, amvvm i awn a fJ a i neSi Vivian A. 

wSBM, Hathaway, Reed T. 

<ihn R. Ruddick, Lieut. Clarence Haifley, Ripley V.. 
mfc Kilbreth D. Schaffer, it i • r I \ir 

Jardle. Halpin, John W. 



1 














Hoeferkamp, Edwin J. 
Haas, William 
Hollowell, Willard 
Hubbard, Scott L. 
Hyatt, William L. 
Hewlett, Ray T. 
Ingersoll, Robert H. 
Jones, Harold M. 
Joice, Leo O. 
Kessing, Robert L. 
Kizer, John 
Lane, Harold M. 
Leffingwell, Samuel 
Love, Chas. M. 
Lowry, Isaac M. 
Leaman, Willis D. 
Litteral, Ernest 

Luichinger, Martin 

Lumsden, James A. 

Miller, James E. C. 

Miller, John A. 

Money, Walter O. 

Moulton, Ray J. 

McDonald, Roy M. 

McElwain, Alfred W. 

Nicoles, Noel F. 

O'Donnell, Roger M. 

Owens, Troy 

Powell, Patron M. 

Phillips, Robert G. 

Price, George B. 

Riley, Julius 

Renfro, Walter M. 

Requet, Adam M. 

Rex, Hayden W. 

Skinner, R. D. 

Sharp, Tice 

Smith, Mont B. 

Stewart, William J. 

Sutherland, Myron F. 

Sailor, Alva F. 

Sering, Charles E. 

Short, Harry L. 

Shutter, Cecil D. 

Shutts, Hubert G. 

Snader, Elmer 

Snyder, Walter B. 
Stanley, Wilbur P. 
Stover, Harry A. 
Street, Andrew R. 



Sucher, Charles 
Taylor, William H. 
Temple John M. 
Triece, Guy A. 
Vetter, Russell A. 
Vineyard, Luchen H. 
Wildrick, Clarence R. 
Wright, Frank W. 
Humphries, Raymond. 



He Goes to Fight for Uncle Sam 

(From a wall placard issued by the Curtiss 
Aeroplane and Motor Corporation.) 

"A boy," said the kindly old doctor, as 
he felt his way down the stair-rail. He 
put his arm around the shoulder of the 
man he met at the bottom, and they stood 
there listening. A small cry carried down 
to them, so that tears glistened in the man's 
eyes as he bade the old doctor good-night. 

"A smart boy," said the teacher, when 
he got his lessons well. 

"A wonderful boy," said the maiden, who 
worshiped him from afar. 

"My boy," said his country, when the call 
came — to war ! 

"Our boy," said his mother and father, as 
they proudly watched him march away to 
take his part in the great struggle for free- 
dom and humanity. 

The American soldier goes forth to fight, 
Back him up with all your might. 



America's Four Armies 

If this war is to be won, we shall have 
to put several armies in the field : The 
army of soldiers in the trenches, making 
of their breasts a rampart for free gov- 
ernment and free men ; the army of food 
producers in the furrows ; the women's 
army of food conservers, beating back the 
flank attacks and the rear attacks of the 
world-old camp follower of war — famine ; 
and the patriot army of civilians in the 
business and political worlds, fighting 
against disloyal greed, unpatriotic partisan- 
ship, perverted personal ambition, and 
economic treason to the Republic. — Carl 
Vrooman, Assistant Secretary of Agricul- 
ture, before American Bankers' Association. 



18 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



1.' 



WHO WOULD YOU RATHER WORK FOR 
VAIL OR BURLESON? 



The action of the 
Government in taking 
Theodore N. Vail control of the railroad 
lines emphasizes the im- 



to legislative impediments largely, have 
prevented the operation of the railroads 
to their fullest capacity and efficiency, the 
Telephone System, though strained at 



portance of unified con- 
trol and regulation of 
great public necessities 
in times of stress and 
extraordinary activity. 
Hampered by the Sher- 
man Anti-Trust law 
which insists upon com- 
petition, when there is 
no competition, and the 
tendency of the Inter- 
state Commerce Com- 
mission to keep rates at 
a point where the earn- 
ings of the transporta- 
tion lines barely meet 
operating expenses, the 
executive and operating 
officials of our great 
railroad systems have 
been driven almost to 
despair in their efforts 
to maintain their prop- 
erties, meet fixed charg- 
es, and handle the enor- 
mous volume of business 
incident to war times. 

That the plan for uni- 
fied control under the 
Secretary of the Treas- 
ury will improve pres- 
ent chaotic conditions in 
the railroad situation is 
generally admitted. The 
assurance of a reason- 
able return to investors 
and the proper mainte- 
nance of the property 
during the season of 
Government operation 
will come as a great re- 
lief also to the thou- 
sands and thousands of 
people whose savings are 
invested in railroad se- 
curities. 

The prescience of the 
men at the head of the 
Bell System, who under 
the leadership of Theo- 
dore N. Vail have con- 
sistently urged "One 
(Policy," "One System," 
"Universal Service," as 
the beacon lights for the 
guidance and operation 
of the great Telephone 
System of the country 
has been proven by this 
unification of railroad 
management. While in- 
superable obstacles due 



times, has never shown 
a symptom of cracking ; 
has well met the need 
for new plant, and the 

tremendous 



Albert J. Burleson 



POSTAL EMPLOYEES 
APPE AL TO P UBLIC 

To the Public: 

The POSTAL WORKERS, Letter Carriers and POSTOFFICE Clerks, who are 
employed in the Nation's largest industry, the POSTOFFICE, are forced as a last resort 
to appeal for justice to their real employer, the public, after all other honest efforts have 
failed. 

DO YOU KNOW: 

That, contrary to the general belief the postal employee receives no pension? 
That, the postal employees have received but one increase in wages in forty years? 
That, that only increase was granted in 1907, when the dollar would go twice as far as 
it does today? 

That, the mininum wage scale is $2.22 per day. 27 3-4c per hour? 

That, the maximum wage is $3.33 per day. 41 5-8c per hour? 

That, postal employees lose their time while off duty in case of illness? 

That, it takes cn an average of nine years' service to attain the maximum wage? 

That, it requires an act of Congress to make readjustments in the wage scale? 

That, Congress in its last session granted all government employees EXCEPT those 
employed in the Postoffice Department an increase in wages? 

That, in all other lines of employment wages have been increased frcm time to time 
(and in most instances voluntarily on the part of the employer) to meet the ever- 
increasing cost of living, until conditions in the Postal Service do not compare 
favorably with conditions elsewhere? 

That, ordinary unskilled labor in Cleveland is receiving 45c per hour, while the postal 
employee receives from 27 3-4c to 41c? 

That, the Letter Carrier serves as a substitute on an average of three years before be- 
coming a regular carrier, earning on an average of less than $2.00 per day during 
this period? 

That, he must purchase his own uniform, which has advanced in price fully 50% in the 
last ten years? 

That, the Postoffice Clerk must memorize and master difficult distribution schemes, 
from three to five thousand facts must be borne in mind continually and con- 
stantly? 

That, this is absolutely necessary in order to facilitate the rapid dispatch and delivery 
of mail matter? 

That, this study necessitates as much concentration as most professions? 

That, there is no compensation for this particular study, which must be done at home? 

That, more than 66% of the Clerks' labor is performed after 6:00 P. M., and the greater 

portion of that is performed after midnight; for which they receive no more pay 

than for day work? 

That, the British postal service has long recognized 7 hours night work as equivalent to 
8 hours day work? 

That, this night work necessitates the sacrifice of all social life with his family and 

friends, which he values as highly as anyone? 
That, frequent overtime is paid for at the regular hourly wage? 

That, on the whole this calling is more or less peculiar insofar as the knowledge one 
gains after years of service is absolutely useless in any other line of business, 
when one has served faithfully anywhere from ten to forty years, one has unfitted 
himself for almost any other pursuit? 

Do you desire to assist the postal employees in their efforts to get an increase in 
wages and bettering their working conditions, thereby partially relieving them of the 
ever-increasing burden of debt, unrest and dissatisfaction, preventing the deterioration of 
the postal service caused by resignations of experienced men who are forced to seek more 
remunerative employment, and filling these vacancies with inexperienced help? 

The Postoffice Department is not only being operated on a paying basis, but for 
the year 1916 showed a net surplus of $5,827,236.07, and this year will show a much 
greater surplus. 

Again we appeal to YOU, our employer, to see that justice is done your most faith- 
ful class of servants. If you think our cause is a just one, help us by writing to your 
Congressman and the two U. S. Senators from Ohio, demanding that we be given an 
immediate increase of at least 25% to meet existing conditions. 

Do this TODAY, lest you forget. 

(Signed) TIE POSTAL EMPLOYEES OF CLEVELAND, OHIO 



enlarge- 
ment, in some cases 
amounting to entire du- 
plication of its pre-war 
properties, and has 
maintained its transmis- 
sion obligations practic- 
ally at the point of nor- 
mality. 

With expert knowl- 
edge and managerial ex- 
perience must be com- 
bined a spirit of co- 
operation, extending 
from the highest to the 
lowest branches of a 
corporate structure if 
the full measure of ef- 
fectiveness is to be at- 
tained. Telephone of- 
ficials feel that whilst 
they have by no means 
reached a state of per- 
fection in their organ- 
ization, they have at- 
tained a degree of co- 
operative e x cellence, 
mutual understanding, 
and esprit de corps that 
is of immeasurable val- 
ue in the satisfactory 
fulfillment of the coun- 
try's telephone needs. 

As much cannot be 
said of the atmosphere 
pervading the Post Of- 
fice Department not- 
withstanding the fact 
that it is Christmas time. 
Possibly this disturbed 
equanimity is due to the 
conditions of strife 
prevalent throughout the 
world, in turn due to 
the contention of one 
race of men that "Might 
Makes Right," and the 
insistence of the balance 
of mankind that this 
view of life is entirely 
erroneous and must be 
abandoned. Not by in- 
ference, even, would 
it be suggested that 
Postmaster - G e n e ral 
Burleson, in his man- 
agement of the Post 
Office Department es- 
pouses the principle of 
the Hun ! He does, 
however, show a dispo- 
sition to abridge the 



BELL-TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



19 



right of orderly protest when in his an- 
nual report recently submitted to Con- 
gress, he says: "It is regrettable to state 
that the organized postal employes are 
making many selfish demands and insist- 
ing that they shall not be required or per- 
mitted to work in excess of the usual 
number of hours ; also that their salaries 
be permanently increased, although they 
are justly compensated, receiving more 
than three times as much as those fight- 
ing in the trenches, who must suffer the 
hardships of warfare and sacrifice their all 
if necessary. 

"Postal 'employes have become bold be- 
cause of this affiliation with organized 
labor and have within recent years threat- 
ened to strike, and in one case actually 
did so by tendering their resignations and 
leaving the service in a body. 

"If, by combining, government employes 
are enabled unduly to influence members 
of Congress, and others, seeking election 
to public office, the situation will natur- 
ally arise, if it has not already arisen, 
where Congress will be unduly influenced 
by such organization, the appropriations 
for the salaries of such employes will be 
greatly increased, and economic provision 
for the conduct of the service impossible." 

In demanding increased pay and that 
they shall not be required or permitted 
to work in excess of the usual number of 
hours, the postal employes do not appear 
to have been unreasonable, and one would 
hesitate to regard these demands as even 
violent infractions* of departmental eti- 
quette. 

The postal employes seem to have quite 
the best of the argument accepting as true 
their statements which appeared in the dis- 
play advertisement, clipped from a recent 
Cleveland newspaper, and reproduced on 
the preceding page. 

What particularly and directly interests 
the employes of telephone and telegraph 
companies of the country in the little fam- 
ily jar in the Post Office Department is 
the fact that Mr. Burleson is an ardent 
advocate of government ownership of tele- 
phone and telegraph lines. In marked 
contrast with his somewhat acrid criticisms 
of the employes of his department who 
i sought for better pay, is a statement taken 
from the annual report of Theodore N. 
Vail, President of the American Telephone 
and Telegraph Company, which reads : 

"This company and its associated com- 
panies have been foremost to establish, 
and propose to continue their efforts to 
i maintain good wages, good working con- 
, ditions and relations of the most cordial 
kind for and with their employes — a fact 
which has been of the utmost importance 
to the efficiency of their service to the 
| public. It is believed that discussion and 
; suggestions looking to a fair and reason- 
j able regulation of such relations between 
; 'public utilities' generally and their em- 
' ployes may fittingly come from a company 
which has had so satisfactory an experi- 



Christmas in France 

Two hundred Bell telephone men 
of the Central Group celebrated 
Christmas in France this year. No 
details of the celebration were avail- 
able at the time of this writing. It is 
known, however, that hundreds of 
gifts for the members of the Elev- 
enth Telegraph Battalion found 
their way across the Atlantic 
in time to fill the stockings of these 
brave lads of the Signal Corps. 

On December 26th the following 
cablegram was received by A. G. 
Francis of LaGrange, 111., whose son 
Bert is a member of the battalion : 

"Wish you all a Merry Christmas. 
Am well. — Bert Francis." 

The cablegram was filed at a point 
back of the American front. 



ence with those engaged in its own service. 

"It has long been recognized that good 
work can only be obtained from, and 
waste and extravagance avoided by, inter- 
ested and satisfied employes. Safeguards 
of many kinds have by statute been thrown 
around the employe; he is protected against 
danger and compensated for damage. 

"The causes which have made improved 
wages and labor conditions possible will 
be found in the application of the results 
of investigation, research and general study 
of all questions concerning management 
and operation ; in the activity of invention 
and in the introduction of labor-saving 
machines, all of which have combined for 
greatly increased efficiency and improve- 
ment of methods, and greatly increased 
production per unit of labor or effort. 
These causes have made it possible to 
improve greatly and cheapen production 
and service, and at the same time, de- 
crease the hours of labor, improve con- 
ditions, and meet tl e continual recurring 
necessity and demands for better wages." 

It will be noted that Mr. Vail recog- 
nized the necessity for better wages in- 
stead of declaring "regrettable," demands 
that "Salaries be permanently increased," 
as does the report of the Postmaster- 
General, referring to the action of his de- 
partmental people. 

Back in 1915 what was known as a 
"Salary Cutting Campaign" struck the 
Chicago post office. Salaries of letter car- 
riers were reduced $200 a year, and clerks 
had their salaries cut from $100 to $200 a 
year. The press and the public took up 
the cudgels in defense of the postal em- 
ployes ; commenting on the cuts, one of 
Chicago's great dailies said: "Many of 
those affected draw less than $100 a month 
and have families to support." From the 
advertisement we have reproduced, it ap- 
pears that many of them are still drawing 
less than $100 a month and it is fair to 
assume that they also have families to 
support, and a much harder job of it, too, 



in view of higher living costs now. 

At the time of the salary reductions, the 
Postmaster-General was accused of being 
a slave driver. Similar epithets were ap- 
plied when upon orders from Washington 
some time later several superannuated 
employes of the Chicago post office who 
had worn themselves out in the public ser- 
vice were summarily dropped from the 
payrolls, being thrown upon their own re- 
sources without any apparent compunction 
on the part of the Post Office Depart- 
ment. Once more, in contrast, Mr. Vail 
is quoted: 

"The plan for Employes' Pensions, Dis- 
ability Benefits, and Death Benefits de- 
scribed in previous reports, has been in 
complete and successful operation through- 
out the Bell System for four years. The 
working out of the plan has met the ne- 
cessities of the situation described in the 
report of 1912, and the beneficial effects 
then hoped for have been entirely realized. 
The trend of public opinion and the adop- 
tion of similar plans in other industries 
have since made it plain that the Bell 
System was one of the leaders in under- 
standing and adequately providing for the 
needs of the workers in the exigencies of 
life for which all are not able to provide. 
And the response of employes to the care 
of their interests by the Bell System, evi- 
denced by this Benefit Plan and by other 
provisions for their welfare, has been all 
that was expected. Their loyal interest 
in the Bell service, their readiness to take 
responsibility and to cooperate with each 
other cheerfully, and intelligently, have 
been exemplified in the many demands dur- 
ing the strain of heavy traffic and extra- 
ordinary construction work of the past 
year." 

While stretching out his hand for harder 
and faster control of the employes of the 
Post Office Department, Postmaster-Gen- 
eral Burleson has evinced no disposition 
whatever to ameliorate their unhappy con- 
dition, to establish a Sickness and Disabil- 
ity Fund, or a Pension Fund for faithful 
employes, "in the exigencies of life for 
which all are not able to provide." 

The Postmaster-General is fearful lest 
"Government employes may be enabled to 
"unduly influence members of Congress, 
and others, seeking election to public of- 
fice." His forebodings, however, do not 
preclude his desire to take over the Bell 
System, the Western Union, and the Pos- 
tal, with their thousands of employes — 
employes who, if the occasion arose, might 
be disposed to take a hand at influencing 
members of Congress and aspirants for 
office, if they were being unfairly dealt with. 

How would the employes of the Bell 
Telephone System feel about changing 
their environment, their working condi- 
tions and the provisions protecting them 
in times of illness, disability, incapacity, 
and old age, for conditions such as ex- 
ist in the Post Office Department, de- 
scribed by the postal employes of Geve- 
land, Ohio? 



20 



BELL-TELEPHONE-NEWJ 



Charles E. Galavan 

Born 1893. Died in the Service of Hi* 
Country, 1917. 



One of the two stars in the service flag 
which hangs in the window of the Galavan 
apartment, 3555 Ogden avenue, Chicago, is 
now golden in hue. It signifies that Ser 
geant Charles E. Galavan of Company E, 
Eleventh Telegraph Battalion, and formerly 
wire chief at Hinsdale, has given his life 
for his country. The other star remains 
blue for James P. Galavan, a brother, who 
is at Camp Logan, Houston, Tex., with the 
129th Illinois Field Hospital. 

Sergeant Galavan was with the American 
Expeditionary Forces in France and on 
Christmas day news of his death from 
pneumonia reached his mother and his wife 
of seven months, formerly Miss Nellie 
Moore of Riverside. 

He was twenty-four years old and worked 
in the La Grange district for about five 
years as repairman, installer, relief man 
and wire chief. His duties took him to 
nearly all the exchanges in the district 
where he made many friends. 

For the last three or four months before 
enlisting Sergeant Galavan had been wire 
chief at Hinsdale. He had the distinction 
of being the first man in the La Grange dis- 
trict to enlist, and his application was filled 
out ten minutes after he received it. 

Taps have sounded for Sergeant Galavan, 
and his work as a telephone man and a sol- 
dier is over. He will be remembered al- 
ways as a man who did his duty faithfully 
and well, and the greatest of epitaphs is 
his, "He gave his life for his country." 



Long Lines Department Red 
Cross Work 

By One of the Knitters. 

The girls in the long lines department 
have been very busy with Red Cross work 
during the last few months. The new rest 
room offers a fine place for knitting and 
Mrs. Williams, teacher, is kept busy from 
morning until night, purling, casting on 
and off, and finishing necks. We have fin- 
ished eighty-nine sweaters for the Red 
Cross and sixty-two more are nearing com- 
pletion. The receipt from the Red Cross 
was marked "very good" for the first lot 
we turned in, "fine" for the second and 
"excellent" for the third. Besides this we 
have been knitting for three men connected 
with our office who are now in the service, 
buying the wool ourselves and sending a 
sweater, socks, wristlets and a muffler to 
each soldier. A war fund was started by 
the proceeds of a dance and increased by 
weekly donations in a glass jar kept on the 
rest room table. Chances are also being 
sold on an electric boudoir lamp, at ten 
cents each, to swell the fund. 

From this fund the wool was bought 
for our own men, and twenty-five dollars 
was given toward the Y. M. C. A. fund 




SERGEANT CHARLES E. GALAVAN. 



and eighty dollars to the Tribune for 
Christmas kits. We have begun to hear 
from these, and cards of thanks have come 
from the camps all over the country. 

To Miss Jennie Robinson, the enthusi- 
astic chairman of our Red Cross auxiliary, 
and to Mrs. Williams, whose patience in 
teaching us and correcting our mistakes 
has been untiring, belongs much of the 
credit for what has been done. Officers 
besides Miss Robinson are Miss Lillian 



Individual Income Tax 

Forms for reporting 1917 Income 
to the Government are not at this 
date ready for distribution, although 
the Government Officials say they 
are expected very soon. The forms 
must be filed not later than March 
1st and no doubt ample time will be 
available after their receipt to allow 
for their preparation. 

If any great delay is experienced, 
the Government will in all probabil- 
ity, take that fact into consideration 
in enforcing the regulations govern- 
ing the date of filing. 

In the Chicago Company, arrange- 
ments have been made whereby the 
forms will be distributed through 
the various departments for deliv- 
ery to employes, and it is hoped 
that this same arrangement can be 
made in the other areas. 

Employes must bear in mind that 
all persons if citizens or residents 
of the United States, with a net in- 
come for 1917 of $2,000 or over, if 
married or head of a family, and 
$1,000 or over if not married or 
head of a family, must make a re- 
turn. 

B. S. GARVEY, 

General Auditor. 
January 5, 1918. 



Merkle, vice-chairman, and Miss Elizabeth 
Roby, secretary. We have met every 
Thursday, usually going out for dinner, 
and then returning for the knitting and 
business meeting. At one meeting a 1 
speaker from the Red Cross gave us many 
valuable suggestions for our work. About 
once a month a special meeting with an 
entertainment is held and a fine musical 
show is planned for the near future. 

Even a few spare moments can count 
for a good deal if we make the best of 
them, and we are hoping to be 100 per cent 
patriotic during the coming year. 



Deacon Dorsch Sends Gifts to 
Prospect 

Deacon Dorsch, publisher and proprietor 
of The Advocate Review, Chicago, showed 
his appreciation for good service rendered 
him by the Prospect exchange by sending 
Christmas remembrances and the following 
letter : 

"December 24, 1917. 
"Manager Prospect Exchange, 

"Chicago Telephone Company, 
"Chicago, 111. 

"The undersigned takes great pleasure 
in seeding you herewith a small Christmas 
remembrance to each of the operators No. 
8076 and No. 8034, as well as the day and 
night managers of the Prospect exchange 
who have so faithfully served this office 
in their capacity during the past year, and 
in doing so wishes to say that it is so 
extended with a feeling of gratitude for 
service given at all ttmes, day or night, 
promptly and courteously. 

"I remain with best wishes for a merry 
Christmas and a happy New Year, and 
many of them, 

(Signed) "M. E. Dorsch." 



Good Work of Operators at 
Fort Sheridan 

The following letter, should be of interest 
to all the members of the Chicago Tele- 
phone Company operating force: 
"Headquarters, Fort Sheridan Training 
Camp. 
"November 28, 1917. 

"General Manager, 
Chicago Telephone Company, 
212 W. Washington Street, 
Chicago, 111. 
"Dear Sir: 

"I wish to express to you my deep satis- 
faction for the able way in which the tele- 
phone service has been handled at this sta- 
tion during the Second Officers' Training 
Camp. The young women at the Post tele- 
phone exchange have been extremely ef- 
ficient and courteous, and facilitated the 
transaction of business by the rapidity of 
their work. 

"I wish to commend them and you for 
the high order of efficiency of the tele- 
phone service maintained here. 

"Very truly yours, 
(Signed) J. A. Ryan, 
Colonel of Cavalry, Commanding." 



BELLTELEPHONE'NEWJ 



21 



Buy War Savings Certificates 

A Patriotic and Profitable Investment Which Is Within the Reach of All 



"Who Saves, Serves." 

This is the slogan adopted by Illinois in 
the campaign for selling thrift stamps and 
war savings certificates, which were placed 
on sale by the government on December 
3rd. They may be pur- 
chased at every post- 
office, at banks, schools, 
stores and other similar 
institutions. 

The government ex- 
pects to raise in this 
manner $2,000,000,000 
within the next year, 
which is at the rate of 
$20 for each inhabitant 
of the United States. 

The campaign is under 
the direction of Frank A. 
Vanderlip, president of 
the National City Bank 
of New York, who de- 
clares that these certifi- 
cates are the best and 
safest investment in the 
world. They make it pos- 
sible for people to sup- 
port the war finances of 
the government in a 
manner which is not only 
safe, but profitable to 
themselves, and are in 
point of fact a lesson in 
small savings with good 
interest to the small in- 
vestor. 

Great Britain and Can- 
ada have raised hun- 
dreds of millions of dol- 
lars by similar means, 
and in the latter coun- 
try the stamps are used 
as a circultaing medium. 

The plan is very sim- 
ple and effective and 
well worth the patriotic 
support of all classes of 
American citizens. 

For twenty-five cents 
a person can buy a thrift stamp and affix 
it to a thrift card provided on request. 
Buying other stamps from time to time, he 
can fill the sixteen spaces and his card 
will then represent $4.00 loaned to the 
United States government. This may then 
be exchanged for a certificate bearing one 
war saving stamp by adding twelve cents, 
if the exchange is made during January 
and one cent additional for each month 
later. 

The war savings certificate resembles a 
bond and has space for twenty war savings 
stamps. The first of the total of twenty 
may be bought during January and if all 
are bought then, the rate will be $4.12 each, 



but if one is bought each month, the Feb- 
ruary payment will be $4.13, the March 
payment $4.14 and so on, the last payment 
being $4.23. In other words, making the 
twenty payments by installments will cost 




MISS MARGUERITE DOHERTY OF PUBLICITY DEPARTMENT, CHICAGO, 
BUYING A WAR SAVINGS CERTIFICATE. 
These certificates and stamps are on sale at all division and district offices of the 
Central Group of Telephone Companies. 



one cent additional per month. 

The certificates are dated January 2, 1918, 
and will mature January 2, 1923, when in 
return for the $4.12 paid now the holder 
will • get $5.00. Twenty certificates cost 
$82.40 or a few cents more if payments are 
deferred, and will be redeemed by the gov- 
ernment at the end of five years at $100.00. 
The buyer thus makes a profit of $17.60. At 
the selling price of the stamps, the interest 
is at the rate of four per cent compounded 
quarterly and at 4.39 per cent if figured 
right through. The stamps may be re- 
deemed at any time at their face value and 
interest. 

The response made to the government's 



appeal to buy thrift stamps and certificates 
shows once again that all classes of Amer- 
icans are ready to furnish the sinews of 
war and do their part in bringing about a 
victorious peace. Not only are individuals 
buying the stamps and 
certificates liberally, but 
business concerns are en- 
couraging their employes 
to aid the government in 
this way, and at the 
same time make a profit- 
able investment for 
themselves. Letters have 
been sent from Wash- 
ington to the heads of 
commercial organizations 
of national scope outlin- 
ing plans by which they 
may receive a quantity 
of stamps and certifi- 
cates on consignment 
and distribute them to 
their branches and 
agents. 

An active sale of 
stamps has been reported 
to the Treasury Depart- 
ment since the campaign 
opened, although no es- 
timate of the total re- 
ceipts is yet available. 

Here are some of Mr. 
Vanderlip's views, re- 
cently expressed in Cin- 
cinnati : 

"There is something 
worse than a slacker. A 
slacker is only a nega- 
tive quantity. But a dol- 
lar spent for an unneces- 
sary thing today becomes 
an ally of the enemy. It 
is a traitor dollar. 

"It is for every per- 
son to stop and consider, 
before spending each dol- 
lar, into which pan of 
the scale they will throw 
it. Will they buy unnecessary things, and 
by the weight cast on that side of the scale 
contribute to our defeat or will they re- 
frain from unnecessary purchases and put 
the dollar into the hands of the govern- 
ment enabling it to buy the things which 
will be a real help toward victory? Let 
every one picture that scale in front of 
them when they are spending money." 

The Bell System and its employes are 
doing their part in purchasing saving 
stamps and certificates. At all district and 
division headquarters of the Central 
Group of Telephone Companies, they are 
on sale, and employes are buying them 
liberally. 



22 



5ELLTELEPHONE*NEWJ 




Of I nterest To Our G irls 

g j j Conducted byMrs.F. E.Dewhurst] ^ 




Our Girls and the War 

"Man works from sun to sun, 
But woman's work is never done.'' 
So says the adage, and many a time 
it is repeated with a long face and a sigh. 
But our girls whose fingers fly as fast 
with their knitting needles as they do at 
the switchboard seem to be working with a 
cheerful countenance and count it no hard- 
ship when they lill in every spare moment 
of the day and night with the click of their 
busy needles. We sometimes think that 
no one can be more helpful in these days 
than our own girls. At the switchboard 
they are alert and ready for service — a 
service which means everything to our 
country at this time — and then, all over 
our country in every office there are girls 
who are working for the Red Cross or for 
the comfort of the boys who have gone. 
Everywhere girls are saying, "Teach me 
to knit." 

Don't be alarmed because work seems to 
enter the period of rest. The girls are 
happy because they are doing the thing they 



want to do, and if it is work it is a change 
of occupation and that is sometimes the 
best kind of rest. Our girls are delighted 
that they can do something with their own 
hands for the brother or sweetheart who 
has gone. A present for a man has always 
been a problem and the proverbial poor 
taste in the choice of ties and cigars for a 
Christmas present has been quite over- 
worked in our funny papers in the past. 
Now when a man slips on the sweater or 
socks and feels the comforting warmth and 
remembers that every stitch has been 
made by the hands of the girl at home, he 
feels a glow that is more than physical 
warmth and his patriotic fervor and ambi- 
tion to protect the home he has left will 
increase a hundredfold. "The girl I left 
behind me" is no idle, sentimental being, 
but a woman working every moment for 
his comfort and for the other boys like 
him who need the contribution she can 
make. 

And so "over there" the boys are think- 
ing of the true-hearted girls, the best girls 



in the world, the American girls, who stand 
by them bravely, serving here as they do 
there and to whom they will come back 
by and by triumphant over the evil which 
has caused this bitter war. 



Christmas Pennies 

To the West division belongs the honors 
in the giving of Christmas baskets to the 
poor. Monroe, West and Belmont believe 
in preparedness, and that is why when 
Christmas came they had on hand 20,300 
pennies to be converted into great big bas- 
kets of all sorts of good things which 
made glad the hearts of at least seventy- 
five families. 

For several months a little box with a 
rhyme like this, "Drop your pennies here 
for Christmas cheer," gave silent invita- 
tion to the girls on pay day to drop a 
superfluous penny. The result was aston- 
ishing and on Christmas, instead of hur- 
ried and untimely collections, the money 
was there at hand and no one felt really 
poorer. The girls brought the names of 




KNITTING SCENE AT MARGARET MACKIN HALL. 
The sheep evidently wish it known that they are interested in the proceedings. 



6ELLTELEPHONE-NEWJ 



23 



gated and 
ken, pota- 
d, canned 
delivered 
ny. 

Christmas 



change operator for the Chicago and 
Northwestern Railroad. She was re- 
employed by the Chicago Telephone Com- 
pany on April 11, 1917, and in June went 
to the paymaster's office as a relief oper- 
ator. She proved capable at once and the 
navy officials decided 
that they wanted her 
services permanently. 
To accept the position, 
it was necessary for 
her to enlist in the 
navy. 

In the United States 
Navy a yeoman is a 
petty officer who is as- 
signed to clerical du- 
ties in any department. 

Yeoman Sonnen- 
berg's term of enlist- 




6i»w»x*si CHICAGO 




YEOMAN SONNENBERG AT HER SWITCHBOARD. 
According to U. S. Navy regulations she wears the uniform and 
insignia of her rank whether on or off duty. 



teams is posted for night calls each day. 
There are three women anesthetists 
Nurses live in huts built long and narrow, 
with two beds to a room, a stove and a 
few hooks. 

"Our mess room is quite a charming 
place, and there are a large living room, 
dining room, kitchen and pantry. We have 
a piano, phonograph, a stove that opens in 
the front like a grate, wicker chairs and 
furnishings. Some of the things were 
made by patients. We often find cabinet- 
makers, and when we do we keep them 
busy. One patient made a piano bench 
and a cabinet for the phonograph, all very 
good-looking pieces. We made lots of 
pretty, bright cushions and curtains, due 
to Miss Linsley's artistic taste. We have 
had an abundance of flowers all summer 
and there are still some to be 
had, also bright-colored ber- 
ries. Things just grow every- 
where. We have an informal 
dance every Friday evening in 
our mess room and invite the 
doctors and officers. On Hal- 
lowe'en we had a fancy dress 
party, masked. Some of the 
costumes were great, consid- 
ering the material. We have 
a very fine orchestra. 

"The weather is getting 
some colder, but not 'too bad,' 
as the English say. We feel 
it most when trying to bathe. 
We don our raincoats, rain 
hats and rubber boots (for it 
rains most of the time now) 
and walk about a block or two 
to the bathhouse. There is no 
steam heat or any kind of heat. 
The food here is fair and not 
as scarce as we expected, but 
there are some things that we 
simply cannot buy. The milk 
chocolate is good, but other 
sweets and coffee are not very 
good and are expensive." 



families in need — all were investi 
heavy baskets with meat or chic 
toes, apples, coffee, sugar, brea 
vegetables, candy and nuts were 
for the West offices by the compa 

In addition to these baskets, 
remembrances were sent to 
girls who were absent on ac- 
count of sickness. 

In all of the offices the 
Christmas trees gave a home- 
like look to the rest rooms and 
the girls have all enjoyed the 
holidays better because they 
could feast their eyes on the 
beautifully decorated trees. 

The girls from the account- 
ing department gathered to- 
gether money and made up 
seven splendid baskets which 
were delivered to needy fam- 
ilies. Two splendid baskets 
with an overflow of home- 
made jellies and home-grown 
potatoes were contributed by 
the health department and de- 
livered by Doctor Goodsmith. 



Purls of Thought 

Two plains, two purls — 

Oh, look it, girls, 
I've gone and dropped a stitch ! 

Two plains, two purls — 

Oh, goodness, girls, 
I wonder which is which ! 

Two plains, two purls — 

Oh, tell me, girls, 
Does this far seem all right? 

Two plains, two purls — 

Oh, heavens, girls, 
It looks to me a fright ! 

Two plains, two purls — 

Oh, mercy, girls, 
I've lost my count again ! 

Two plains, two purls — 

Oh, darn it, girls, 
I love to knit for men ! 
— R. W . M., in A Line o' Type 
or Two. 

Chicago Tribune. 



Yeoman Sonnenberg, U. S. N. 

"I used to think I was a busy girl when 
I worked for the telephone company, but 
this has it beaten," said Mrs. Luella Son- 
nenberg, first-class yeoman, as she turned 
to her switchboard and answered, "Supply 
Department, United States Navy." 
I Dressed in the dark blue of Uncle Sam's 
; sea fighters, Yeoman Sonnenberg im- 
presses the visitor as a businesslike young 
woman who is anxious to "do her bit." 
She has the distinction of being the first 
, woman in the central states and the second 
in the whole country to join the navy. 

Mrs. Sonnenberg began her telephone 
work at the Lawndale office, Chicago. For 
three years she was a private branch ex- 



ment in the navy is for four years. If 
peace is declared before that time, she will 
be discharged subject to call during the 
four years. 



A Red Cross Letter From France 

A letter from Miss Ruth Spencer, for- 
merly Main office nurse, Chicago Tele- 
phone Company, recently appeared in the 
Monthly Report published by the Alumna? 
Association of the Illinois Training School 
for Nurses. She is now in France with 
Hospital Unit No. 12 of the Red Cross. 

The following are extracts from Miss 
Spencer's letter : 

"At present the night supervisor's duties 
are for three months at a time. Operating 
forces are divided into three teams, each 
consisting of one surgeon, one nurse, one 
anesthetist, and one orderly. One of these 



War and Knitting 

The war is bringing forth gems of poesy. 
Witness this clever bit by a New York deb, 
Eleanor Jencks, called "My Hosiery": 

"The hours I spend on thee, dear sock. 

Are as a string of purls to me ; 
First two I knit, then two I purl, 

And round the leg I slowly reel ; 
Now joyful paeans to the heavens hurl, 

I've turned the heel. 
O, knotty ends that scratch and turn, 

O, stitch that dropped, uneven row ; 
I kiss each blight and at last learn 

To reach the toe, O sock, to reach the 
toe." 

This will excite sympathetic reactions in 
our knitters behind the national defense. — 
Cinderella, in Chicago Tribune. 



24 



BELLTELEPHONE-NEWJ 



FIRST HINTS OF HOW PARIS IS GOING TO MAKE 
HER SPRING AND SUMMER GOJVNS 



Home Dressmakers Find Many Models Which They Can Copy Acceptably 

By Maude Hall 

Manufacturers of materials, 



following designers of frocks, 
have turned their eyes east- 
ward for inspiration for styles 
for the coming season, al- 
though their offerings will 
have their first exploitation in 
southern climes. The magic of 
tropical sunshine has touched 
the counters of the fashionable 
shops and transformed them 
into bits of fairyland. Never 
in the history of dress have 
such lovely dress cottons been 
seen as now. They are princi- 
pally of Oriental designs, al- 
though there are some wonder- 
ful things from England and 
Switzerland. 

Equaling in beauty of tex- 
ture and design the best of the 
imported cottons are those 
made at home, for American 
makers, put on their mettle by 
the shortage abroad, have 
risen to the occasion and pro- 
duced such tissues as this 
country has never witnessed 
before. 

The novelties include crepe 
de chine with Chinese and 
Japanese borders and designs, 
titwillow voiles, eclipse and 
moon dots, rainbow stripes, 
French-knot dots, Mikado 
crepes, lampwick plaids, old- 
fashioned ginghams, brick 
blocks and a long list of 
French materials with broken 
stripes and shot effects. For 
separate skirts there is satin 
baronet, thick and beautiful, 
with almost the high gloss of 
spun glass. Faille, broadcloth, 
figured pongee, etc., are also 
offered. Sports fashions have 
a new interpretation for spring 
and summer, for the arbiters 
of dress tell us that they are 
not essentially fashions suitable 
only for tennis and golf and 
such pastimes, but informal 
fashions for those who like to 
look their youngest, prettiest 
and smartest. 

The jumper skirt is given a 
prominent place among the 
spring models, both for sports and semi- 
formal wear. A pretty effect in figured 
pongee has the skirt gathered about the 
waistline, with plaits each side of the back 
gore to form a panel effect. Shoulder 
straps may be attached to the upper edge 




Two Frocks for Early Spring Wear 
7568 (left). A check in black and white features the panel front. 
7571. Burgundy serge, plaited and trimmed with machine stitching, 



Patterns for Bell News Designs 

The designs shown on this page 
are supplied by The Pictorial Review, 
New York. Patterns may be secured 
from any Pictorial Review agency. 



of the removable jumper and 
buttoned to the straight, nar- 
row belt. 

Lavender is evidently to be 
a spring favorite, for there are 
wonderful new frocks in lav- 
ender gingham, voile, etc. A 
model that is smart, yet very 
simple, fastens at the left side 
of the front under a box plait. 
Plaits each side of the center- 
back form a panel effect. The 
belt is of self-material, but the 
collar is of white linen. 

Modes for the southern sea- 
son revive the middy, the 
smock and various forms of 
the loose blouse, designed to 
be worn with separate skirts 
of contrasting material. A 
pretty model in white cash- 
mere has a collar of blue satin 
stitched with narrow white 
braid and embroidered with 
red stars. There are also 
some delightful blouses in soft 
crinkly crepes of exquisite col- 
ors. As a rule they show some 
kind of handwork in their dec- 
oration, embroidery done with 
heavy white cotton being ex- 
ceedingly desirable. 

A picturesque frock, created 
especially for the frivolities of 
Palm Beach, is in floral print- 
ed organdy. The skirt is gath- 
ered and joined to a dart-fitted 
bodice, the front of which is 
trimmed with black satin but- 
tons. There is a collar of filet 
lace and the revers are edged 
with filet. The skirt is a two- 
piece model, closing at the left 
side, with gathers across the 
back gore caught up and 
tacked to the foundation in 
bustle effect. Above the bustle 
is a straight ruffle, attached to 
the skirt. Foulard frocks are 
to be in high vogue again, 
though this serviceable silk is 
not so greatly needed as it was 
in the day when summer 
frocks of chiffon and georg- 
ette were not worn. Still fou- 
lard has its own place and its 
substantial merits, and wheth- 
er used alone or in combination with other 
materials, is a practical thing. The straight, 
gathered tunic that is seen on so many of 
the spring skirts is good in foulard and 
over a narrow, separate skirt of plain satin 
or serge often looks extremely well and 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



25 



serves a useful purpose. 

The rainbow stripes and similar effects 
are wonderful for sports skirts. They 
launder well, no matter how unusual the 
color schemes, for all practical sports skirts 
are intended to be laundered. The latest 
applicant for smart favor is a two-piece 
skirt with the front gore buttoned to a belt 
which is laced at the back. Worn with the 
skirt is a blouse of plain satin, though 
many of the latest sports waists are fash- 
ioned of georgette. 

One of the brick-block cotton fabrics is 
employed in the development of a one- 
piece frock with blue and white color 
scheme. The skirt is gathered and attached 
to the waist under a straight belt, which 
is trimmed with black buttons. Japanese 
embroidery ornaments the collar, although 
the home dressmaker in copying the design 
could use instead one of the Japanese 
crepes with just as good effect. 

There are several very good looking 
checks, those in brown and white, blue and 
green, gray and rose and black and white 
perhaps commanding the smartest atten- 
tion. A charming model has the front and 
back in panel effect, the sides being gath- 
ered to form a tunic. The lower edges of 
the tunic may be finished with marabou or 
any of the furs accepted as summer trim- 
mings, or bands of contrasting material. 



satin, the lap just below the sleeve. Now, 
take the lining and fold in half. Place the 
back along the lengthwise fold and the 
front with the large "O" perforations on a 
lengthwise thread. 



Home Dressmaker's Corner 

Courtesy Pictorial Review 



These are times when one must econo- 
mize to the limit and there is no better way 
for the business girl to save than to make 
over her frocks of last season into a de- 
sign patterned from advance styles for 
spring. Here is pictured a very pretty plaid 
serge combined with plain satin. If made 
of new material, medium size will require 
three yards thirty-six inch satin and two 
yards fifty-four inch serge. In addition 
three-quarter yard thirty-six inch lining 
will be needed. 

To cut the dress correctly, follow the 
guide carefully. Place the front and back 
gores with triple "TTT" perforations along 
the lengthwise fold of material. Whatever 
material is used, the same method of ap- 
plying the pattern is followed. The collar 
is also placed along a lengthwise fold of 
material. To the right of the collar is the 
front strap, with large "O" perforations 
laid on a lengthwise thread. The straight 
edge of the side gore rests along the 
selvage, with large "O" perforations on a 
lengthwise thread. Next comes the outer 
front of the waist, with large "O" perfora- 
tions on a lengthwise thread, then the back 
of the waist and the second collar, if de- 
sired, on the lengthwise 
fold. The back strap and 
sleeve are laid with the 
large "O" perforations on 
a lengthwise thread of 




Frock of Plaid Serge and Plain Satin 

To make the underbody, which should be 
ready to be used as a foundation, close the 
under-arm and shoulder seams, then gather 
the lower edge between "T" perforations. 

Now, take the outer waist and close 
under-arm and shoulder seams as notched. 
Gather lower edge between "T" perfora- 




ruTTiwr. r.uiDfr 7404 >» 16 




Cutting Guide 



Construction Guide 

tions and one inch above. The center-front 
is indicated by the large "O" perforations. 

Then take the sleeve and sew lap to 
slashed edge as notched, fold over on out- 
side on "O" perforations and stitch to posi- 
tion ; lap to small "o" perforations and fin- 
ish for closing. Close seam of sleeve as 
notched; sew in armhole of outer waist as 
notched, with small "o" perforation at 
shoulder seam easing in any fullness be- 
tween notches. Hold the sleeve toward you 
when basting it in armhole. 

Arrange the outer waist on underbody 
with center-fronts, center-backs, under-arm 
seams and lower edges even; stitch gathers 
to position. Face the collar and sew to 
neck edge of outer waist with center-backs 
even ; match single notches in collar and 
outer front. Leave collar free forward of 
left shoulder seam and finish for closing. 
Now, line the shoulder straps and pocket 
and turn lower edge of front strap over on 
outside matching notches and stitch the 
notched edges forming a pocket. Close 
shoulder seam as notched. Gather lower 
edge of back strap between "T" perfora- 
tions ; gather front strap between small "o" 
perforations. Arrange straps on waist, 
shoulder seams even, with point in strap 
at neck edge; tack to outer waist at shoul- 
der seam. Adjust lower back edge of strap 
between the two small "o" perforations 
near lower edge of underbody back and 
after joining skirt to waist bring gathers in 
front strap between small "o" perforations 
in front gore near upper edge. Tack gath- 
ers in right front strap to position and fin- 
ish left side for closing. 

The skirt comes next. Join the gores as 
notched, leaving seam to left of center- 
front free above the lower large "O" per- 
foration in front gore; finish for placket. 
Plait near center-back placing "T" on cor- 
responding small "o" perforation and tack. 
Form plaits, creasing on lines of slot per- 
forations, bring folded edges to corre- 
sponding small "o" perforations and press. 
Gather upper edge of side gore between 
"T" perforations. Adjust with upper edge 
of skirt over upper row of gathers in waist, 
center-fronts and center-backs even ; bring 
single small "o" perforation in side gore 
to under-arm seam and close at the left 
side front. 

Belt — Line and arrange 
around waist slip ends un- 
der the shoulder straps; 
close at center-front. 



26 



RELLTELEPHONE-NEWA 




Safety First ancL m^^m 
Accident Prevention. 



MEMBER NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL 



MEMBER AMERICAN MUSEUM OF SAFETY 



HABIT IS THE STRONGEST THING IN 
THE WORLD, THEREFORE CULTIVATE 
THE HABIT OF BEING CAREFUL 



A PERSONAL INJURY IS A WASTE OF THAT 
MOST VALUABLE ASSET— MAN POWER, 
AND NOW IS THE TIME OF ALL TIMES 
WHEN NEITHER THE INDIVIDUAL NOR 
THE NATION CAN AFFORD TO WASTE 



EVERYONE SHOULD APPOINT 
HIMSELF A COMMITTEE OF 
ONE TO AVOID ACCIDENTS 



Patriotism and Conservation 

Our country is now engaged in a great 
war, the greatest in all history. Our in- 
herited right to the peaceful pursuit of 
happiness and prosperity for which our 
forefathers fought in 177(5 has been chal- 
lenged. Now, as in 
1776, patriotism is the 
watchword, as no na- 
tion ever had a more 
just cause for fighting 
than the United States 
of America. By the 
United States we mean 
every citizen within its 
wide borders. We can- 
not all shoulder a gun 
and go forth to battle 
on land or sea, or to 
serve actively with the 
Red Cross or the Am- 
bulance Corps. Every- 
one of us can and 
should, however, stand 
behind those that do; 
otherwise we shall have 
regrets to the end of 
our days. 

President Wilson in 
his message to the 
American people fol- 
lowing the entrance of 
our country into the 
war, said in part : 

"It is evident to ev- 
ery thinking man that 
our industries must be 
made more prolific and 
more efficient than 
ever, and that they 
must be more econom- 
ically managed and bet- 
ter adapted to the par- 
ticular requirements of 
each task than they have been; and what 
I want to say is that the men and women 
who devote their thought and their knowl- 
edge to these things will be serving their 
country and conducting the fight for peace 
and freedom, just as truly and just as ef- 
fectively as the men on the battlefield or 
in the trenches." 

Conservation, as most of us interpret it, 
means to save. Webster says that among 
other things it means to "preserve a body 



in its entirety." Therefore, conservation 
and patriotism are closely akin, because 
both are necessary at this time, if we are 
to preserve our nation's integrity and inde- 
pendence. The nation's resources must be 
conserved. What are the nation's re- 




"And the Star Spangled Banner in triumph shall wave. 
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the brave." 

Who is there within this great nation that does not feel his heart 
swell with pride when "Old Glory" is unfurled to the breeze, and the 
soul inspiring strains of "The Star Spangled Banner" break forth 
upon the air? In support of all that The Flag represents, let us all do 
our utmost to keep it in its exalted position among the nations of the 
world. One of its greatest safeguards, and therefore one that we must 
patriotically conserve, is man-power. We can go far toward accomplish- 
ing this by striving to avoid accidents to ourselves and others, and by 
helping others to be careful. 



sources? We have all cause to know that 
food and fuel products are included (no 
doubt fewer of us will suffer from over- 
eating in the next few years). In addition 
to our national requirements, our allies 
will look to us as their chief source for 
such supplies for some time to come. Little 
has been said heretofore, however, about 
one of our most vital resources — man 
power. The man power of the world is 
dwindling and it is necessary that some- 



thing be done to conserve it for the future. 

It is appalling to read the accounts of 
the number of men killed and wounded on 
the battlefields of Europe. War is a hor- 
rible thing. We all agree with Sherman, 
but did you ever stop' to consider the awful 
waste of life, the suf- 
fering and misery 
caused by accidents in 
our everyday life, 
seventy-five per cent of 
which are preventable? 

Statistics show that 
every year there are 
35,000 wage earners 
killed and 2,000,000 in- 
jured. This means that 
in all probability there 
are 10,000 widows and 
30,000 children left de- 
pendent each year. Re- 
member that these fig- 
ures include only the 
wage earners. Think 
of the countless acci- 
dents that must occur 
on which no official re- 
port is made. In the 
year of 1916 there were 
465 deaths and 33,552 
injuries in Illinois 
alone, and this includes 
only cases on which 
one week or more of 
time was lost and on 
which compensation 
was paid. In our ev- 
eryday life we do not 
seem to realize the 
dangers that lurk ev- 
erywhere. We are in- 
clined to go blithely on, 
flirting with danger, 
and by our carelessness 
either meet with disaster ourselves or en- 
danger someone else. If one of the na- 
tion's greatest resources is man power, it 
behooves us to share in stopping the leak- 
age of energy by preventing accidents. We 
must be careful ourselves ; we must help 
others to be careful. Remember you owe 
it to your country, your family, your neigh- 
bor and yourself. Following and inducing 
others to follow the principles of safety 
first is the duty of all true Americans. 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



27 



Gravity, an Unchangeable Law, 
a Big Factor in Accidents 

Gravity is the tendency of bodies to seek 
the center of the earth. It is the force 
that prevents us from falling off the face 
of the earth into space. To maintain sub- 
stance heavier than air in the space sur- 
rounding the earth, gravity must be over- 
come by force. It can be accomplished to 
a certain degree. An example of this is 
the airship, which may be kept in space 
only as long as the motors are in working 
condition. Anything that remains in part 
in space must be supported by the earth, 
trees are rooted in the earth, buildings 
have their foundations thereon. Our first 
steps in life are difficult because we must 
learn to allow for gravity, to maintain our 
equilibrium. 

It is safe to say that fifty per cent, of our 
accidents are due directly to the law of 
gravity, or more correctly speaking, to 
our apparent failure to take gravity into 
consideration. Substances heavier than air 
are bound to fall if their support is re- 
moved, or their balance upset from any 
cause. The velocity of their movement at 
the instant of meeting another substance 
depends on its weight and the distance it 
has traveled. We all know that articles 
left on ladders, on lockers and similar 
places are apt to become dislodged, and in 
falling are apt to cause injury. This is in 
evidence by reports that are received from 
time to time. Other accidents which may 
be classified as gravity cases are those 
caused by workmen dropping tools, by per- 
sons falling from various causes. The 
following cases will serve to illustrate the 
point : 

A repairman in the plant department at 
Columbus, Wis., was engaged in placing 
storm windows on the company's building. 
The step ladder that he was standing on 
slipped suddenly, causing him to fall to 
the ground. He sustained a slight sprain 
of the left wrist. 

An operator while ascending the stairs 
in one of the exchanges slipped and fell 
down three steps, injuring her back. The 
direct cause of the fall was that the oper- 
ator was wearing new high-heeled shoes, 
and was not holding on to the hand rail. 

An operator ascending the steps leading 
into one of the exchanges slipped on some 
grapes, dropped by some unknown person. 
She fell and bruised her foot. 

A garageman was about to place two 
jacks on a chair to free his hand for the 
purpose of opening a door. One of the 
jacks fell off the chair, injuring the large 
toe on the man's right foot. 

An employe while working in a vault 
was struck on the head by a bull point. It 
had been standing in the vault, and was 
accidentally upset by a fellow employe 

One of two employes carrying an Edson 
pump slipped and the pump fell on his left 
foot. 

An employe attempting to move a 



twelve- foot ladder, dislodged a claw ham- 
mer which had been left on the top of the 
ladder. The hammer fell and struck him 
on the top of his head, causing a cut 
three-fourths of an inch in length. 
Other Accidents 
Following are other accidents reported 
recently which might be attributed to some 
other cause than disregard of the law of 
gravity : 

While a cable repairman was cleaning 
cable with a shave hook, it slipped and 
cut the index finger of his left hand. 

A cable helper had been tagging at a 
junction box. When he started to step 
from the pole seat to the pole step, a dis- 
tance of about three feet, he wrenched the 
cords of his left knee. 

A laborer who was acting as a teamster 
was standing at the front of a wagon 
holding the reins. The team started ahead 
before he expected and the front wheel 
hit and caused him to fall. Both wheels 
ran over the lower part of his right leg 
and broke it. 

A groundman was struck on the lower 
lid of his right eye by an iron conduit rod, 
which was being passed to him by a fellow 
workman. 

A building cableman, while wiping a 
vertical joint in the shaft of a large office 
building, was struck in the eye by a small 
portion of hot solder. 

An installer received a burn on his left 
wrist, when a soldering iron slipped off 
one of the clips of a bank of jacks on 
which he was working. 

A temporary cableman's helper in the 
plant department at Milwaukee was heat- 
ing a pot of solder when some snow fell 
into the pot. The solder flew up and 
struck the man in the face. He sustained 
first degree burns on his face and left ear. 



This Is the Season of Snow and 
Ice — Beware! 

When the icy fingers of winter grip us, 
additional dangers lurk along our paths. It 
may be said that ice is a competent captain 
in the army of General Accident, with 
whom we are at war. Our most efficient 
commander is Personal Caution. 

During the winter months our move- 
ments are more or 
less hampered by 
heavy clothing. In 
addition many of us 
hurry along with 
our hands in our 
pockets, our shoul- 
ders hunched up and 
our heads down. If 
in this condition we 
strike a slippery 
place — disaster. The 
chances of being 
struck by vehicles 
of all kinds are in- 
creased. Physicians 
tell us that outside 



air is nature's best medicine, if we will but 
breathe deeply of it. We cannot, however, 
breathe deeply if we do not walk properly. 
If we would but go about with out heads 
up, our shoulders thrown back and our 
hands free, we would be in a bette rposi- 
tion to act quickly in an emergency and 
thus avoid many serious injuries. Try it. 



Accident Prevention Trophy 

The standing of the various districts in 
the three divisions of the plant department 
which are contesting for the accident pre- 
vention trophy is as follows for the period 
ending November 30th : 

Suburban Plant 



1 

1. 


Evanston. 


7. Harvey. 


i. 


Aurora. 


8. Hammond. 


q 
0. 


La Grange. 


9. Oak Park. 


4. 


Wheaton. 


10. Special Esti- 


c 

0. 


Joliet. 


mate. 


c* 
0. 


Elgin. 


11. Waukegan. 




Construction 


1. 


Shops. 


6. Garage. 


2. 


South Construc- 


7. North Con- 




tion. 


struction. 


3. 


Cable Repair. 


8. Building Ca- 


4. 


Supplies. 


bling. 


5. 


Central Construction. 




Maintenance 


1. 


Canal. 


15. Lincoln. 


2. 


Beverly. 


16. Calumet 


3. 


Main. 


17. Pullman. 


4. 


Central. 


18. Superior. 


5. 


Wabash. 


19. Irving. 


6. 


Austin. 


20. Lake View. 


7. 


Monroe. 


21. Humboldt. 


8. 


Hyde Park. 


22. Wentworth. 


9. 


Rogers Park. 


23. Douglas. 


10. 


South Chicago. 


"24. Stewart. 


11. 


Edgewater. 


25. Yards. 


12. 


Oakland. 


26. Lawndale. 


13. 


West. 


27. Prospect. 


14. 


Kedzie. 


28. Belmont. 



During January the trophy will be in the 
possession of Messrs. Gates of the Evans- 
ton district, Spalding of the shops division 
and Cerney of the Canal exchange. 

Messrs. Cerney and Spalding have had 
possession of the trophy in the respective 
divisions before, but this is the first time 
Mr. Gates and his staff have attained first 
place in the suburban division. Congratu- 
lations are in order. 




A 

HAND 
PORTABLE 
WHICH IS SHOCK-PROOF 



It is Impossible to have short circuits, to blow 
fuses, or injure men or apparatus with a 

BENJAMIN FIBRE HAND PORTABLE 

installed as an Indispensable part of telephone 
equipment. All electrical dealers have them. 

BENJAMIN ELECTRIC MFG. CO. 

New York CHICAGO San Francisco 

120-28 8. Sangamon St. 



28 



BELL'TELEPHONE'NEWJ 



Public 

Incorporated Body Is Under Commis- 
sion's Jurisdiction 

(Nebraska State Railway Commission.) 

The Farmers' Mutual Company of 
Odell, Neb., organized for the purpose of 
constructing a second exchange at the 
small town qf that name, has challenged 
the right of the commission to pass upon 
its stock and bond issue. It has filed a 
statement with that body declaring that as 
it does not propose to sell any stock or 
bonds except to members, that as each tele- 
phone user must buy a share of stock to 
secure service, that as rentals will be paid 
by assessments and that as there will be 
no dividends, it is outside the jurisdiction 
of any state regulatory commission. 

The commission holds, however, that by 
becoming a duly incorporated body the 
telephone company has placed itself with- 
in that jurisdiction. The real trouble is 
that the commission has refused to ap- 
prove any stock issue until the company 
files blueprints showing what construction 
is proposed, and no one connected with 
the company has been able to indicate that 
construction. The commission is insisting 
upon the strict technicalities being complied 
with because members believe no second 
exchange is necessary. 

The mania for starting rival exchanges 
in small towns has extended to Springview. 
R. E. Jones, proprietor of a department 
store there, has written the commission 
for information how to stop what he calls 
the two-telephone system nuisance. He 
says that Mr. Cowger, owner and manager 
of the company there, has been giving good 
service, but that some trouble-makers who 
believe they know more than the company 
or the commission as to what is a reason- 
able rate, have established a second central 
in a private house and are after Cowger's 
subscribers. The commission informed 
him that if the village board desires to act 
in the matter and to confine telephone ac- 
tivities to one company it can order the 
second one, which apparently has no fran- 
chise, to vacate the streets. 

Free Service to New Subscribers for 
Three-Month Period Held 
Discriminatory 

(Public Service Commission of Oregon.) 

The receiver of the Home Telephone and 
Telegraph Company sought authority to 
establish residence rate of $2.25 per month, 
with a discount of twenty-five cents for 
prompt payment, charge for service not to 
begin until three months from date of in- 
stallation. 

It was held that the giving of free or 
reduced rate service for three months, or 
for any other period, to new subscribers, is 
the giving of an undue and unreasonable 
preference and advantage to the new sub- 
scribers over the old subscribers, and is 
condemned by the Public Utility Act. 



Utilities Commission 



That any utility which furnishes, or 
offers to furnish, service at free or reduced 
rates, or which makes any concession what- 
soever to any subscribers, not only violates 
both the letter and spirit of the act but 
subjects those to whom such service is fur- 
nished to a severe penalty. 

That the receiver of the Home Telephone 
and Telegrapb Company should desist from 
putting into effect the proposed schedule of 
rates or from giving, or offering to give, 
service free or at reduced rate to any sub- 
scribers except those mentioned in the Pub- 
lic Utility Act. 

Commission Not Bound by Rates Fixed 
in Franchise 

(Board of Public Utility Commissioners, 
New Jersey.) 
In passing upon the application of the 
New Jersey Gas and Electric Company for 
the approval of a new schedule of rates, it 
was held that the power of municipalities 
to impose conditions upon public utilities in 
the exercise of franchise grants, and to 
provide by contract respecting the rates and 
service of such utilities, was subject to the 
authority and control of the board to fix 
rates and regulate service. That, accord- 
ingly, where it appeared that rates fixed by 
a franchise were unreasonable and insuffi- 
cient and resulted in such financial embar- 
rassment as to affect the service which the 
public utility was delegated to render, the 
rates so fixed may be increased by the 
board. 

Gas Companies Authorized to Substi- 
tute Heating- Value Standard for Pre- 
vious Candle-Power Standard 

(Public Service Commission, First District, 
New York.) 

The question under consideration by the 
commission was as to the advisability of 
changing the standard of gas measurement 
from a candle-power to a heating-power 
standard, for the reason that at least eighty 
per cent of the gas used was for heating, 
and not for lighting purposes, and that even 
in the use of gas for lighting the most effi- 
cient method of illumination was secured 
by the use of mantles, which depended 
upon the heating value and not the lighting 
power of the gas. A further reason which 
made the change of standard advisable was 
that, with such a change, the gas companies 
would be better able to respond to the de- 
mands of the government for certain by- 
products of gas manufacture necessary for 
war purposes. The commission held: 

1. The gas companies should be author- 
ized to adopt as a standard of quality for 
the furnishing of gas a thermal content as 
fixed by the commission, which represents 
as nearly as possible the thermal content of 
gas now furnished under the legal require- 
ments as to lighting power. In case of re- 
duction in the thermal content from the 



Rulings 

standard fixed by the commission a dis- 
count should be allowed on bills to con- 
sumers, which will compensate them for 
the reduction in the thermal content of the 

gas. 

2. Since, upon the termination of the 
war, the government will cease to require 
by-products from the manufacture of gas, 
and there will be no further necessity for 
discounts on consumers' bills, the gas com- 
panies should, not later than three months 
after the termination of the war, have the 
right to return, upon proper notice to the 
commission, to the candle-power standard 
fixed by statute. Whether the commission 
will change permanently the standard for 
gas is a matter for future evidence and con- 
sideration. 

Utility's Right to Manage Its Own 
Affairs Not to Be Invaded. 

(The United States District Court.) 

The Kansas City, Clay County & St. Jo- 
seph Railway Company sought a temporary 
injunction restraining the enforcement of 
two orders of the Public Service Commis- 
sion of Missouri, one of which fixed the 
fair present value of the company's prop- 
erty and the other of which prescribed cer- 
tain maximum commutation rates of fare 
between stations on the company's lines, 
and further provided that the company 
should keep records of the sales of such 
commutation tickets from month to month 
and file a statement thereof with the com- 
mission and should be at liberty at any time 
after an actual test of said rates to apply 
to the commission for a modification or re- 
vision thereof if found to be unreasonable 
or unjust, or if they should fail to provide 
a fair and just return on the value of the 
company's property fixed as aforesaid. The 
court granted the desired injunction, hold- 
ing that, since the commission in its deci- 
sion admitted that the return under the 
rates fixed by it fell short of a fair return, 
such rates were confiscatory, inasmuch as 
they did not produce such reasonable and 
remunerative return as the law guarantees. 

The court held further that the power of 
the state to require and prescribe commuta- 
tion rates could not be created by local 
public demand or interest or be justified by 
the commission's views of the probable 
beneficial effect of such rates upon the 
carrier's business, because that would con- 
stitute an invasion of the right of the car- 
rier to conduct and manage its own affairs 
subject to a proper exercise of the power 
of regulation. That, furthermore, what 
other carriers have been or have not been 
required to do under different conditions 
and in different localities cannot be accept- 
ed as controlling. It must at least appear 
that the net aggregate return to the carrier 
is just, fair and reasonable, and this did not 
appear from the statement of the commis- 
sion itself. 



vjlf^j I I C I \J I\ILAL/IjI\. ywu uiiiBii icauini; mis magazine pidur a unc-cein stump un mis iiuiix.Tr; nunu rams iu uriy posm employe ana it wm r«" 

* placed in the hands of our soldiers and sailors at the front. No wrapping—no address. — A. 5. Bu tcaon, Postmaster-General 



BELL TELEPHONE NEWS 




Vol. 7, No. 7 



FEBRUARY, 1918 



Bell Telephones 



AND CONNECTIONS 



In the Territory of the 

Central Group of Companies 



JANUARY 1, 1918 
Regular Connected Total 



Illinois 688,525 289,112 977,637 



ohio 262,202 239,908 502,110 



Indiana 129.964 228,720 358,684 



Michigan 268,172 84,962 353,134 



WISCONSIN 



177,267 158,467 335,734 
1,526,130 1,001,169 2,527,299 



ROLL OF HONOR 

EMPLOYEES OF THE RECEIVERS, CENTRAL UNION 
TELEPHONE COMPANY, WHO HAVE ENTERED 
THE MILITARY SERVICE OF THE 
UNITED STATES 




FEBRUARY, 1918 



"The White House, Washington. 

"To the Soldiers of the National Army : 

"Yon are undertaking- a great duty. The 
heart of the whole country is with you. 
Everything that you do will be watched with 
the deepest interest and with the deepest solici- 
tude not only by those who are near and dear 
to you but by the whole nation besides. For 
this great war draws us all together, makes 
us all comrades and brothers, as all true Amer- 
icans felt themselves to be when we first made 
good our national independence. 

"The eyes of all the world will be upon you 
because you are in some special sense the sol- 
diers of freedom. Let it be your pride there- 
fore to show all men everywhere not only 
what good soldiers you are, but also what good 
men you are, keeping yourselves fit and 
straight in everything, and pure and clean 
through and through. Let us set for our- 
selves a standard so high that it will be a 
glory to live up to it and then let us live up 
to it and add a new laurel to the crown of 
America. 

"My affectionate confidence goes with you 
in every battle and every test. God keep and 
guide you ! 

"WOODROW WILSON." 



ROLL OF HONOR 

EMPLOYEES OF THE RECEIVERS, CENTRAL UNION 
TELEPHONE COMPANY, WHO HAVE ENTERED THE 
MILITARY SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES 





ILLINOIS 




Branch of 


Name. 


Department. 


Location. 


Service 


Armstrong, James D. 


Construction 


Quincy 


Army 


*Baker, Stuart K. 


Engineering 


Chicago 


S. R. C. 


Baker, Walter 


Construction 


Rockford 


Army 


Baker, William R. 


Construction 


Rockford 


Army 


Ball, Herbert P. 


Accounting 


Chicago 


Army 


Barnett, Morris 


Construction 


Decatur 


Army 


Barrett, Thomas J. 


Accounting 


Chicago 


Xavy 


Beckman, Fred, Jr. 


Construction 


Springfield 


s: R. c. 


Blackburn, B. 


Traffic 


Springfield 


s. c. 


Blankenship, John 


Construction 


Rockford 


Army 


Boles, Harry 


Construction 


Springfield 


Army 


Borkholder, John 


Construction 


DeKalb 


Army 


Bowers, Harold 


Construction 


Decatur 


Army 


Bradford, Allan Gray 


Maintenance 


Mt. Vernon 


S. R. C. 


Bradford, W. A. 


Traffic 


Springfield 


S. R. C. 


Brandes, Geo. C. 


Construction 


Peoria 


Army 


Buskirk, Harry Wayne 


Construction 


Quincy 


Army 


Cook, Edward 


Construction 


Decatur 


Army 


Corzine, Celestine 


Construction 


Alton 


Army 


Cox, W. T. 


Maintenance 


Decatur 


Army 


Curry, Bernard L. 


Construction 


Ojuincy 


S. R. C. 


Davis, F. A. 


Maintenance 


Paris 


S. R. C. 


Denman, George 


Maintenance 


Springfield 


Navy 



*Commissioned Officer. N. G., National Guard. O. T. C., Officers' 
Training Camp. S. C, Signal Corps. S. R. C, Signal Reserve Corps. 









Branch of 


Name. 


Department 


Location. 


Service 


Dugger, Burton L. 


Supply 


Peoria 


Army 


Farrelly, Harry I?. 


Construction 


Alton 


Army 


rancher, Olof 


Maintenance 


Momence 


Army 


Fowler, Melvin 


Maintenance 


Rockford 


Army 


Graves, Arnold 


Construction 


Alton 


Army 


Gunn, Owen P. 


Construction 


Peoria 


S. R. C. 


Hammer, Chas. L. 


Maintenance 


Vandalia 


N. G. 


T T 1 T 1 T 

Hanley, John J. 


Construction 


Rockford 


Army 


T T T T T~* 

Hansen, Harry E. 


Maintenance 


Kankakee 


S. R. C. 


Hart, Rufus Donald 


Maintenance 


Champaign 


S. C. 


Hays, Roy H. 


Construction 


Springfield 


Army 


TT '11 TV T * 1 1 r% 

Heidler, Michael B. 


Maintenance 


Centralia 


Army 


Heizer, Jim 


Construction 


Gilman 


N. G. 


Hendershot. Lee E. 


Construction 


Alton 


Army 


Hendricksoh, Fred 


Construction 


Rock Island 


Army 


Heyer, Glen 


Construction 


DeKalb 


Army 


Hines, Raphael P. 


Accounting 


Chicago 


Army 


Houston, M. E. 


Maintenance 


Beardstown 


Navy 


Huber, Arthur H. 


Construction 


Rockford 


Army 


Johnson, Elmer W. 


Accounting 


Chicago 


Navy 


Johnson. H. F. 


Construction 


Galesburg 


S. c. 


Johnson, J. C. 


Construction 


Rock Island 


Army 


Johnston, Carl 


Maintenance 


Rock Island 


Army 


Larson, David R. 


Accounting 


Chicago 


Navy 


Lewis, Joseph H. 


1\ If ' J. 

Maintenance 


Rockford 


Army 


Lowry, Isaac M. 


Construction 


C „ " r ij 

Springfield 


S. R. C. 


Luers, Geo. A. 


Engineering 


Springfield 


Army 


Lumsden, Jas. D. 


Maintenance 


Springfield 


S. R. C. 


McAfee, C. W. 


Maintenance 


Rock Island 


Navy 


McCracken, Eustace L. 


Construction 


Alton 


Army 


Meinke, Earl L. 


Construction 


DeKalb 


Army 


Miller, Geo. W. 


Maintenance 


Decatur 


S. R. C. 


Mitchell, D. 


Maintenance 


Galesburg 


Army 


♦Commissioned Officer. 


N. G., National 


Guard. 0. T. 


C, Officers 


Training Camp. S. C, Signa 


Corps. S. R. C, 


Signal Reserve Corps. 



Name. 
Montgomery, C. O. 
Xoble, Ben 
Pineau, Emil 
Renfro, Walter 
Reynolds, Lyle 
Sharpe, Tice 
Shutter, Cecil D. 
Speirer, Albertues L. 
Stewart, Wm. R. 
Stout, E. V. 
Stryker, Edwin 
*Sweeney, William J. 
Templeton, Robert 
Terry, Jack 
Thomas, Louis L. 
Thompson, Harry 
Thompson, W. P. 
Turner, John B. 
Van Arsdale, Earl E, 
Van Tuyl, Martin 
Vaughn, C. E. 
Vermillion, W. B. 
Wakefield, Floyd 
Wallace, Ivan E. 
Wicks, Bert 



Branch of 



Department. 


Location. 


Service 


Commercial 


Pontiac 


Army 


Construction 


DeKalb 


Navy 


Accounting 


Chicago 


Army 


Maintenance 


Springfield 


S. R. C. 


Maintenance 


Rock Island 


Army 


Construction 


Peoria 


S. R. C. 


Construction 


Springfield 


S. R. C. 


Maintenance 


Dwight 


N. G. 


Maintenance 


Springfield 


S. C. 


Construction 


Springfield 


S. R. C. 


Maintenance 


Peoria 


S. R. C. 


Accounting 


Chicago 


Army 


Accounting 


Chicago 


S. C. 


Construction 


Springfield 


Army 


Commercial 


Decatur 


Army 


Construction 


Rockford 


Army 


Maintenance 


Springfield 


S. R. C. 


Engineering 


Springfield 


Navy 


Construction 


Centralia 


Army 


Construction 


Springfield 


Army 


Construction 


Champaign 


Navy 


Maintenance 


Moline 


Army 


Construction 


Springfield 


Army 


Supply 


Galesburg 


S. R. C. 


Maintenance 


Seneca 


Armv 



♦Commissioned Officer. N. G., National Guard. O. T. C, Officers' 
Training Camp. S. C, Signal Corps. S. R. C, Signal Reserve Corps. 



"The White House, Washington. 

"To the Soldiers of the National Army : 

"You are undertaking a great duty. The 
heart of the whole country is with you. 
Everything that you do will be watched with 
the deepest interest and with the deepest solici- 
tude not only by those who are near and dear 
to you but by the whole nation besides. For 
this great war draws us all together, makes 
us all comrades and brothers, as all true Amer- 
icans felt themselves to be when we first made 
good our national independence. 

"The eyes of all the world will be upon you 
because you are in some special sense the sol- 
diers of freedom. Let it be your pride there- 
fore to show all men everywhere not only 
what good soldiers you are, but also what good 
men you are, keeping yourselves fit and 
straight in everything, and pure and clean 
through and through. Let us set for our- 
selves a standard so high that it will be a 
glory to live up to it and then let us live up 
to it and add a new laurel to the crown of 
America. 

"My affectionate confidence goes with you 
in every battle and every test. God keep and 
guide you ! 

"WOODROW WILSON." 



ROLL OF HONOR 

EMPLOYEES OF THE RECEIVERS, CENTRAL UNION 
TELEPHONE COMPANY, WHO HAVE ENTERED THE 
MILITARY SERVICE OF THE UNITED STATES 





II 1 IK T y^v T o 

ILLINOIS 




Branch of 


Name. 


Department. 


Location. 


Service 


Armstrong, James D. 


Construction 


Quincy 


Army 


*Baker, Stuart K. 


Engineering 


Chicago 


S. R. C. 


Baker, Walter 


Construction 


Rockford 


Army 


Baker, William R. 


Construction 


Rockford 


Army 


Ball, Herbert P. 


Accounting 


Chicago 


Army 


Barnett, Morris 


Construction 


Decatur 


Army 


Barrett, Thomas J. 


Accounting 


Chicago 


Navy 


Beckman, Fred, Jr. 


Construction 


Springfield 


s: r. c. 


Blackburn, B. 


Traffic 


Springfield 


s. c. 


Blankenship, John 


Construction 


Rockford 


Army 


Boles, Harry 


Construction 


Springfield 


Army 


Borkholder, John 


Construction 


DeKalb 


Army 


Bowers, Harold 


Construction 


Decatur 


Army 


Brad